Royal Oak, within short-walking distance from the Captain’ Fritham Grange, is one of the oldest pubs in the New Forest and meeting place of the 'New Forest Buckhounds’ hunters.
At left – Article dd Nov ’80; the then average weekly wage of the working class being £1 or even less. – Centre – Painting dd ’72 – ‘A St Bernard, a Gordon Setter, and a Mastiff on the lawn before a country house.' - by Mr Edwin Frederick Holt 1830-12, of 16 Wellington Terrace Redan Hill Aldershot Hants, who, four years earlier, was commissioned by the Wynnes to paint their ch King' son Monarch Monarch - see at right - as well.
Report dd Feb ’86 about the Crystal Palace Kennel Club Show judged by Dr John Sidney Turner. - At right - special prize winners Mr W K Taunton' ch Griselda and Mr Mark Beaufoy' ch His Majesty King Canute by ch Beau - drawn by Mr Richard H Moore. Ch Griselda, mated to ch Hotspur, produced Mr Taunton’ Lord Hatton b ’90 which sired three litters, ie 1) out of Mr W N Higgs’ ch Coombe Baroness a/o Mr Higgs’ Viscount, 2) out of Mr Beanland’ Vestala II a/o Lyndhurst Rotha – the latter maternal grand-dam of ch Hazlemere Archie’ & ch Czar Peter, and 3) out of Mr Guillan’ Gyp a/o Lady Doughty. – Ch His Majesty King Canute sired only one litter, ie out of Mr Luke Crabtree’ Dora II resulting in Lady Canute, dam of Rev Henry Van Doorne’ ch Jack Thyr.
At left - Sandy Dog show dd Aug '36 featuring a/o ch Broomcourt Marcon’ sis Sandy Gay Lass b ‘34 bred by Broomcourt breeder Mr Ben Bennett - ch Broomcourt Comedienne ex ch Hellingly Marksman -, and owned by Mr Mark Young, market gardener of Sandy, together with Crufts ’35 cc winner under Cleveland breeder Mr Herbert, namely Deleval Ascelin – Goldhawk Imperator’ grand-dau D- Richilda ex Mrs Dickin’ Thor by Menai Comet -. Insert - article dd Nov '32.
At right - Article dd Aug '32 which might explain the origin of Mrs Winifred M Edger’ kennel name ‘Deleval’. - Sir Francis Blake Delaval - or spelt Deleval - 1727-71 was an actor, soldier and Member of Parliament. He was the eldest son of Captain Francis Blake Delaval - or Deleval - RN of Seaton Delaval – or Deleval - Hall - ca 10 mls from Newcastle, birth place of her husband Mr John Warren Edger.
Mrs Edger bred from six broods eleven litters between ’28-35. Her foundation brood was Deleval Gyda bred by, arguably, the long-term fancier Mr Robert J Burch of Sondddburg roaaaaaaad Holloway London - Poor Joe' Lady Vera ex ch Woden -, which produced two litters sired by ch Havengore Bill, resulting in - 1) Deleval Sir Galahad – see centre in the car & at right –, - 2) Bilichilde, which mated to Rufus, produced Miss Bell’ ch Uther Penarvon, - 3) Havengore Diana, which mated to Bill’ son Havengore Mark, produced ch Havengore Christopher, - 4) Deleval Torfrida - arguably the one standing in the centre pic -, mated to Goldhawk Imperator, gave Deleval Paladin; and - 5) Deleval Naida, mated to ch Ashenhurst’ son Oakwood Rex, resulted in Deleval Hereward. - The 3rd Gyda litter was sired by Mrs Dickin' Thor - by Comet Menai -, and gave Crufts '35 cc winner Mrs Mark Young' Deleval Ascelin.
Deleval Gyda aside, Mrs Winifred M Edger purchased two other ‘outside’ broods, - 1) Goldhawk Elsie’ sis Deleval Glorianna b ‘31 bred by Woodbrook breeder Mrs Rose Langton – Woodbrook Tess ex Sioux Chief – which produced two litters sired by Goldhawk Imperator’ son Deleval Paladin, - a) D- Richilda, the latter mated to ch Uther Penarvon’ son The Druid, gave Mrs Frances Woolley’ ch D- Alftruda, & - b) D- Rosamund exported to the American Mr Chas A Ackerman; and - 2) Deleval Joanne, 'arguably' bred by Mr Herbert Cook – Hellingly Queen Bess' niece Cleveland Joy ex ch Woden’ son Cleveland Comedian - which, a) mated to D- Paladin, gave D- Gaita & D- Deidre, b) mated to D- Hereward, resulted in D- Boadicea, Coldblow Sally' maternal grand-dam & paternal great-grand-dam.
Deleval breeder Mrs Winifred Mary née Henton b ’94 Tufnell Park N London, was the daughter of Arthur Walter Henton, dd ’11 wine assistant of 199 Melrose Avenue Willesden - Hendon, and grand-daughter of Mr Edwin Royce - cattle farmer 164 acres & 'Guardian of the Poor' of Langham Rutland -. She married at Hendon nr London in ’1916 Mr John Warren Edger b 1878 Newcastle Northumberland, dd ’11 Manufacturers agent (hosiery) of Olive Grove Hillside Road Leigh On Sea - Essex, dd ’19 'Commercial traveller' of Oakleigh Gardens - see at left - Whetstone - ca 10 mls N of London City, later - until ‘29 business-associate of the ‘George Rogers & Co’ firm – manufacturers of Ladies’ Underclothing at 7 Hamsell street London -. The Edgers moved around 1930 from The Homestead Langdon Hills nr Basildon to Chalk Pit Cottage Pilgrims Way Kemsing nr Sevenoaks . The 1939 register mentions her as the wife of Mr Albert Victor Eames, Inspector of Aircraft parts of 259 Farleigh Road Warlingham nr Croydon - London. She † in '71 at Paddington.
At left - Article dd Dec 1876. WikiVisually quote - 'An often repeated claim is that British fighting dogs were brought to Rome and proved superior to the molossi. The widely-repeated ‘fallacy’ (as Mr M B Wynne describes it in his 1886 book History of the Mastiff) that - ‘At the time of the Roman dominion over Britain there existed an officer (Procurator Cynegii), who was stationed at Winchester, and that his business was to select Mastiffs or Bulldogs, and forward them to Rome to fight in the amphitheatre.’ - originated in a misreading or conjecture in the text of Notitia Dignitatum by the XVIth century author Wolfgangus Lazius: for the manuscript gynaecii ‘of the weaving factory' he proposed cynegii ‘of the hunt'. Lazius' reading is noted, but not accepted, by William Camden in Britannia; it is not even mentioned by most modern historians. In spite of dismissal by Camden, Wynne and later authorities, the story of a 'Procurator Cynegii' can still be found in recent dog literature.’ –
But this doesn’t wipe off the Roman connection, as a/o Julius Caesar, in his account of the Roman invasion of Britain in 55 BC, described how the Britons fought side by side with warriors dogs. The Romans were impressed by the dogs and called them ‘Pugnaces' or ‘the Broad-mouthed dogs of Britain', and brought some of the dogs back to Rome and forced them to battle in the arena. – Below - 'Extract of the 70 meters long Bayeux tapestry depicting King Harold with a group of hunting (war?) dogs, and including 'fighting' dogs below in the left corner. It was probably made in England around 1068 and it displays the leading up to the Battle of Hastings (14-10-1066).' -
Ashmont Tiger’ owner Mr Robert R Oesterreich b ’50, of Mineral Spring kennels 1618 Hastings street Detroit Michigan, was arguably involved into the ‘Wyandotte Mineral Springs Co’ - see below at right -. Hastings street was one of the main avenues in ‘Black Bottom', named after the bottom and rich marsh soils of the River Savoyard which was buried as a sewer in 1836; Mr Robert R Oesterreich was an amateur photographer - a/o of a Detroit policeman - see below at left -. In ’89 Ashmont Tiger was owned by Mr Fred E Fisher.
The rich brindle Ashmont Tiger was bred by Dr Joseph Franklin Perry '46-09, of Ashmont kennels Boston. His sire Dr Perry’ Ilford Cromwell – see insert above at left - b '81, inbred by Mr W K Taunton - ch Cardinal’ dau Cleopatra ex ch Cardinal -, became one of the first American champions and was reported in a Kennel Gazette dd ’82 as - 'sour headed with badly set ears ans sly suspicious looking eye.' -, Rev Mellor' comment at Crystal Palace '83 was – ‘Cromwell has a fine frame, but he is more like a boarhound in head than a Mastiff.’-. In ‘85 Dr JF Perry purchased two English bred specimens , 1) from Richard Cook ‘Lorna Doone’ born ’82 - ch Crown Prince ex ch Ilford Baroness - bred by Mrs Frances L Carslake of Greenfield Bridgewater Somerset & 2) from Dr Forbes Winslow' auction dd '84 ‘Bal Gal’ born ’83 - ch Beau ex ch Wolsey’ brother Prince’ daughter Lady - bred by Mr Clementson . The following year Dr Perry wrote to the Old English Mastiff Club suggesting the formation of an American branch of the OEMC.
Report about the Albany KC Show March '89. Wacouta Nap b '84, owned by Mr R A Craig Wacouta kennels St Paul Minnesota, and bred by Mr Richard Morgan, of Rhayader Wales, was younger brother of Dr Chas Lougest ch Albert Victor - see at left -; their paternal grandsire Wallace may arguably have been the one sired by Mr Nichols' Big Ben. - Dr Perry wrote several works on dogs ~ 1891 ‘Dogs ~ Their Management & Treatment in Disease : A Study of the theory & Practice of Canine Medicine’, credited in America and Europe as the best work on the subject ever written ~ 1893 ‘Kennel Secrets’ , illustrated with a considerable amount of interesting depictions of English & American doggy people annex dogs.' - The same year he co-founded The Fancier’s Journal with another contentious figure of that era, Mr Charles Houseman Mason. Dr Perry’ esteem for Mr Mason was reflected in his introduction to Kennel Secrets where he thanked Mason for 'his great kindness, sterling criticism, many valuable suggestions, and constant assistance.' Messrs Perry & Mason were notoriously outspoken critics. Their favorite targets included top winning dogs, high profile judges, and especially AKC. Perry got off to a bad start with AKC from the get-go. Among other things, his big mouth got him ejected from the New England Kennel Club. Along with other high profile fanciers like James Watson, he vociferously objected to the idea of structuring AKC as a 'club of clubs', rather than an organization more similar to England’ Kennel Club.
At left – Comment re the Islington Dog Show June ’65 – illustration to be found on this page Misc Eight - by Mr Loftus Leigh Pemberton, one of the earliest Mastiff judges and the breeder of 1) Mr Bamford’ Wolf - WhyNot ex Bill George’ Tiger -, who grandsired Mr Hanbury’ ch’s Rajah & Queen, and Mr Elwell’ ch Taurus, and 2) ch Granby’ grand-dam Pemberton Jenny. - Centre – Remarks by Mr Edwin Probert, committee member of the London Dog Show Company together with a/o Messrs John Wm Guppy and Jemmy Shaw; Mr Edwin Probert, reportedly ‘the great fancier of Cheltenham’, was a boot closer, carrying on business as a beerhouse keeper, licensed dealer in tobacco, and dog dealer as well. –
Above at right dd May ’97 – Thirty-two years later Mr Loftus Leigh Pemberton '32-07 - sitting in the centre - being the 4th son of the late Edward Leigh Pemberton. Registrar of the Supreme Court since ’75. His Motto—‘Ut tibi sic alteri ‘ aka ‘As to yourself so to another’; residence — 29 Rutland Gate , once the city residence of Daniel Meinertzhagen VI b ’42 of Brockwood Park, head of a merchant-bank dynasty with an international reputation, second in importance to the Rothschilds. Loftus Leigh Pemberton authored a/o – ‘The Judgments and Orders of the Court of Appeal and High Court of Justice’. -
1865 was also the year Mr Tom Sayers - 'the famous English bare-knuckle prize fighter, died. His effects were sold and brought about £550; his well-known Mastiff ‘Lion' - ed see at left - was put up like a slave at New Orleans, and knocked down to Mr Warner, of the Welsh Harp Hendon, for £39. When it was announced that he had been bought for the public gardens of a suburban sporting hostelry, the dog looked as pleased as his owner. For he had been so used to this excitement of a public life that, if he had gone into refinement after the trying scenes he had recently endured, I believe he would have fretted himself to death.’ Three years later the Birmingham Show report says – ‘We hear of judges referring to Reinagle’ paintings – ed see at right - to guide their judgment as to the true style of head which should be perpetuated as a standard type for the formidable old English Mastiff.’ –
At left the front page of S W Smith' Catalogue, Fall 1891 Cochranville Chester Co PA. Thoroughbred Farm -, Sporting -, House -, and Pet Dogs, at Lowest Prices - Mastiffs purchased & shipped next to pigs, cows, sheep, poultry, &c.
Mr Samuel W Smith b ’48 writes - ‘I herewith give cuts, descriptions, and prices of dogs I raise and have raised for me from thoroughbred and imported stock, great care has been taken in selecting original breeders and they have been mated with the view, if possible, to even improve on the original stock. The extent of my stock enables me at almost any season to supply whatever may be called for; I keep my stock on different farms so that they are free from disease, which is almost sure to follow when they are kept in a limited space, besides the opportunity for training being very much better. I can supply full-grown dogs in most breeds, but consumers will find it to their advantage to purchase when they are up to twelve weeks old and can train to their fancy, and the shipping will be attended with less expense.’
The chronological list of imported stock of twenty-four breeds for sale – Mastiff, St John’ Labrador, English Shepherd Dog, St Bernard, Irish Water Spaniel, Thoroughbred Foxhound, Russian Bloodhound, Scotch Colley Shepherd, English Greyhound, King Charles Spaniel, English Beagle Hound , English Setter, Cocker Spaniel, English Fox Terrier, Dachshund, Clumber Spaniel, English Fox Harrier, Skye Terrier, English & Scotch Terrier, English Pugs, Japanese Spaniels English Greyhound, Italian Greyhound & English Bulldog.
Mr Samuel W Smith’ average prizes for dog pups 2 to 4 months old $30 each, dogs of 1 to 2 years old $50 while sheer for comparison the price of pure blood Shorthorn Calves 2 to 6 months old from $50, Bulls 1 to 2 years old from $125 up to $200. His business of livestock was located at Cochranville Chester – Pennsylvania, only hundred forty miles South West from New York.
The rural village Cochranville was founded in 1725 by James Cochran who came to the Octoraro Valley with a small band of Scotch-Irish settlers and in time opened a roadside inn next to the Shawnee Indian reservation.
The left drawing, used to illustrate the text about the Mastiff within the ‘S W Smith Catalogue‘, was from the same artist - Mr L Wells - as the drawing of THV Lukey’ Wallace b '55 , published in Stonehenge’ book ‘The Dog in health & disease‘ dd '59. - So one could wonder about the date the left drawing was published, as the same artist - ie Mr L Wells - drew also the illustration of Mr Thomas H V Lukey’ Governor b ‘61 which was published in Stonehenge’ edition dd '66. In any case, the Catalogue drawing was outdated in order to document the breed ideal at a time specimens as a/o ch Beaufort or Am ch Minting were considered as representing the breed at best and America had a great breed connoisseur, Mr William Wade of Oakmont - Pennsylvania. - At extreme left - trade card of McLaughlin' Coffee depicting Am ch Minting.
The Mastiff breeder Rev Frederick Harrison Hichens '36-21, was vicar of Speldhurst Tunbridge Wells – Kent. His son Mr Robert Smythe Hichens ‘64–50 was – wiki quote – ‘a journalist, novelist, music lyricist, short story writer, music critic and collaborated on successful plays. He is best remembered as a satirist of the 'Naughty Nineties’. He was educated at Clifton College, the Royal College of Music and early on had a desire to be a musician. Later in life he would be a music critic on the World, taking the place of George Bernard Shaw. He studied at the London School of Journalism. Hichens was a great traveller. Egypt was one of his favourite destinations – he first went there in the early ‘90s for his health. For most of his later life he lived outside England, in Switzerland and the Riviera. Hichens first novel, The Coastguard' Secret dd '86 was written when he was only seventeen. He first became well known among the reading public with The Green Carnation ‘94, a satire of Hichens' friends Oscar Wilde and Lord Alfred Douglas.’ -
Rev F H Hichens bred two litters out of Big Ben’ Mab - 1st prize winner at Crystal Palace '75 -, dd ’77 sired the Wynnes' Young King, and dd '78 sired by ch The Shah - see at left - amongst the latter litter were 1) Mrs Geo Willins’ Gurth - 1st prize Puppy Class at Alexandra Palace Palace ’79 – Gurth sired Mr Thomas W Carr’ Nevison which, on his turn, sired Dora II, Rev Van Doornes ch Jack Thyr’ maternal grand-dam; Nevison was purchased by Mr Wm M Graham, of Broomhill Belfast, who sold him to the well-known fancier Mr Chas Houseman Mason living in the States -, 2) Mr Woolmore’ Deva – 1st prize at Brighton ‘80 -, and in ’81 3rd prizes at Alexandra Palace & Margate -, and 3) Max , the latter purchased by Lord Hinton ‘27–99 aka William Henry Poulett , dd ’64 Earl Poulett.
This Lord Hinton, seated at Hinton House Hinton St George – Somerset, was heavily involved in steeplechasing as a racehorse owner whose cerise-and -blue colours were most famed for being carried to victory twice in the Grand National, ie dd ‘68 & ‘71 by 'The Lamb'. Mrs Geo Willins was strongly involved into racehorses as well, and here may be the Mastiff link since both owned ch The Shah’ sons, ie Gurth & Max, the latter transferred to Horace Wright and then to Stefano Castelli, of the London Stock Exchange, quite soon.
First row - report about the Birmingham Show dd Dec ’75 judged by Mr Edgar Hanbury. Bowness b '74 bred/owned by Mr John Hartley of Windermere, - ch’s Briton’ & Hector' sis Lupa ex Mr Green' ch Monarch -; Mr Wynne' Peeress - out of Open Class winner Empress ex ch King -; the Wynnes' 'dreadful eared' Duchess was Peeress' sis. – Second row – report about the Crystal Palace Show dd June ’76. – Modoc b ’72 bred/owned by Mr Emile Portier – ch Turk’ Nell ex Mr Green’ ch Monarch -; British Lion bred/owned by Mr John Hartley – Lupa ex Mr Dickenson’ Lion -; Wallace bred/owned by Mr Edwin Nichols – ch Turk’ grand-dau Jenny ex ch Punch’ brother Big Ben -; Thyra bred/owned by Mrs Mary Rawlinson – Sultan’ dau Duchess ex ch Turk’ son ch Granby -; Hebe bred by Mr Menlove – Paris’ dau Mabel ex Mr Green’ ch Monarch -, and owned by Mr Edward Barron Broomhall b ’48 Madras India, colonial broker of Mount Pleasant Terrace High road Lewisham – London. – At right – Birmingham Dog Show '76 prize-winners incl Mr Wm Henry Balliston’ ch The Shah – Mr Lukeys Baron’ dau Ino ex Mr Hanbury ch Rajah -.
Dd Aug ’67 - Article about Kimble, owned by Mr Philip Hayman, bookmaker of Brentwood road Sheffield. This ‘Kimble’ refers to Juana Kimble b Oct ’65 bred by Mrs W Jones out of Taddington Emma sired by ch Havengore Balint; owned by Mr Hayman, Kimble got the LKA ’66 cc under Miss Barbara Blackstone – res Frideswide Oliver - and the Crufts ’67 reserve cc under Havengore breeder Mrs Scheerboom – cc ch Kisumu Balthasar -, after which Mr P Hayman sold him to Buckhall breeder Major Gerald Denis B Reardon ’23-82 and got a 2nd res cc under Mr W E Foster at Birmingham ’68 – cc ch Kisumu Balthasar’ sibling ch Copenore Bardolph -. Juana Kimble got no progeny but his younger brother Mrs S Monostori’ Frideswide Kis Balint became ch Canonbury Autobiography’ and ch Jilgrajon Lady Victoria’ maternal grandsire.
At left - Ch Monarch b ‘71 owned/bred by Mr Octavius Green, of Boyne House Uxbridge Road Kensington, - Bill George Tiger’ grand-dau Nell ex Lord Marsham Dick' son Hercules -, the latter owned by the Wynnes. - Centre Report about about the Crystal Palace Show dd June ’75 judged by Rev Thomas Pearce ’20-85 aka Idstone, author of canine books. Ch Lottie maternal grand-dam of Negress, the latter maternal grand-dam of ch’s Orlando, Hotspur, Lady Isalbel, Rosalind, and Lady Gladys. - Ch Countess, dam of ch The Emperor. Vril - ch Hector' grand-dau Maud ex Big Ben' brother ch Punch -. - Modoc - ch Turk’ dau Nell ex Mr Green’ ch Monarch -. -Montague owned by Mr Edward Shaw of 15 Brighton terrace Brighton road London. Saxon - ch King' dau Rose ex Big Ben’ brother ch Punch -. Mr Nichols’ Mab, the one purchased by Rev F H Hichens of Speldhurst - Rev Rowe Leo' dau ch Stella ex Big Ben -. - Gurth – Mr Lindoe’ Druid ex Miss M Hales’ ch Lion -, owned by William Charles Thomas Dobson ’17-98, RA of Eldon House Hampstead.
At right - The Birmingham Dog Show dd Dec ’75 - judged by Mr Edgar Hanbury -, and commented by John Henry Walsh ’10-88 FRCS aka Stonehenge, the then sporting correspont of Bell' Life in London & Sporting Chronicle. - ‘The brindled brutes that won at Birmingham' - refers to Mr Frederick G Banbury' ch Wolsey - ch Queen ex ch Rajah -.
Wiki quote - 'Bell's Life in London & Sporting Chronicle was a pink broadsheet founded by printer-publisher Mr Robert Bell who sold it to William Innell Clement, owner of The Observer. From ‘24 to 1852 it was edited by Vincent George Dowling, and became Britain' leading sporting newspaper, without which no gentleman' Sunday was quite complete. Dowling' son, Frank Lewis Dowling, effectively edited the paper during the last year of his father's life, and succeeded him as editor from ‘52 to ‘67. By the 1860s Bell's Life was facing competition from The Field, The Sportsman, Sporting Life, and The Sporting Times. In ‘85 Mr Edward Hulton bought Bell's Life and made it a daily, but in ‘86 it was absorbed by Sporting Life. - Though Bell's Life is now best known as a racing paper it began life as an anti-establishment general newspaper aimed at the working class. For thirty years it remained the principal source of racing news while its general news with its acid comment, full coverage of scandal and cartoons provides an entertaining picture of Victorian Britain.' -
418 1419 First row - At left photo dd Aug ’35 of the 17m old Cleveland Comedian' dau (Broomcourt) Gay Lass, kennel mate of Crufts ’35 cc winner Ch Deleval Ascelin, both owned by Mr Mark Young b ’95-48 – see centre -, market gardener of The Towers 23 Bedford Road Sandy nr Biggleswade Beds, m in ’22 Miss Alice Eleanor Symonds b ’98 of Craigside The Headlands Kettering. Or his father Mr Mark Young b '70-46, market gardener – see at right - m in ’94 Miss Annie Darnell. Second row - Article dd Aug ’27 – In the teeth of the yammering, he made a great fortune on the garden market. - ‘Mr Mark Young senr, of Broadlands & The Towers of Sandy, next to St Swithin Church - see at right -, accompanied the First International Congress on Soil Science on a 15,000 mile trip including a tour of 9,490 miles in USA and Canada.' –
At left – Mr Edmund G Oliver’ Blackpool ’36 judge report - cc ch H- Cardinal’ son ch Tiddicar General – res cc Deleval Ascelin -. - Centre – Mrs Dickin Thor' son Deleval Ascelin b Sept '31 won at Crufts ’33 under Mr Guy P Greenwood the 30 Guinea OEMC Cup for Best Mastiff under 18 months. His greatest achievements were Crufts '35 cc judged by Cleveland breeder Mr Herbert Cook - res cc Broomcourt Jem -, and the Big Breeds Canine Society ’36 cc under Mr Wm Norman Higgs seconded by ch H- Ajax’ son Hellingly Duke -; Ascelin got two other reserve cc’s, ie at Crufts '34 under Mr Sam Crabtree – cc ch Hellingly Marksman -, at Crystal Palace ‘34 under Miss Alice Sarah Pope - cc Joseph’ son Hellingly Beau -. Ascelin’ brother D- Wulfric - see extreme right -, owned by Mr/MrsYoung as well, was, reportedly, 31 inches at shoulder and weighing 11 stone at the age of 12 months; his best result was a 3rd prize Open Class at Crystal Palace Oct ‘32 under Mr Arthur Croxton Smith - cc ch Cinque Ports Michael - res cc ch Cleveland Premier' son Hellingly Victor -.
Quote from the Ladies Kennel Journal January-June 1896 – ‘These facts lend considerable support to the legends of the Hospice that the first St Bernard was a cros between a Danish Mastiff and a mountain sheep-dog. Most of the puppies were born rough-coated, and these the monks parted with readily, but the smooth being more useful were rarely allowed to go out of their hands. The two varieties find about equal favour, but no one van now speak of preserving thev’original strain’ of St Bernards, for that is lost, but the one which most nearly approaches it is the short-coated. Her Majesty has possessed speciment of each. The first was Melina. She was, as will be seen from our photograph, a smooth-coated dog, and of the day, an excellent one. Her grave is near Albert Bridge, and on it we read – Melina, favourite St Bernard of Her Majesty Queen Victoria. Died 14th May 1867. – At left – The Queen’ own room at the immensely large kennels of stunning Victorian residential quality, amidst Windsor Castle’ Home Park off Frogmore road. The room is filled with canine paintings, a/o of her Thibetan Mastiff ‘Bout’. – At right – Melina, a bitch which might have resembled a lot of then boarhoundy (English) Mastiffs.
Presently, there’s no document which indicates she ever owned an (English) Mastiff, but her son H R H Prince of Wales, of Marlborough House, owned the Mastiff Duchess b ’64 KCSB 2367 – Rahne ex Mr Hanbury’ Prince by Mr Lukey’ Governor -; Duchess was awarded a 2nd prize at Islington Dairy Farm dd ’69 – 1st prize Mr Lukey’ ch Beauty – Governor’ dau Treasure ex ch King -.
At left – Report dd June '69 about the 1st show - 958 entries - of the 'National Dog Club' at Islington Dairy Farm Liverpool road London which states 1) Druid – Mr Hanbury ch Queen’ sire -, is the largest that has been seen since Mr Hanbury’ Prince – the latter paternal grandsire of ch Rajah which sired ch Wolsey, and 2) in the right-hand corner is H R H the Prince of Wales’ Druid, arguably transferred to Mr Philip James Dardier Lindoe - Royal Engineers Bournemouth, and entered in the first KCSB under No 2290 b '65 & bred by Mr W Elmsley – Bathurst’ Juno ex Mr Lukey’ Wallace –. At right – Engraving by Mr Samuel Carter ‘35–92 whose son Mr Howard Carter ’74-39 was an archaeologist and Egyptologist who became world-famous after discovering the intact tomb of the 18th Dynasty Pharaoh ‘Tutankhamun' in November 1922. - The Mastiff in the left-hand corner is ch Turk, so not Mr Lukey’ ch Beauty as assumed in page ‘The Blue and Other Blood of the Victorian Era'. Quite interestingly is the Dandie Dimmont Bandy, owned by Mastiff authority Rev Wm J Mellor.
Presumed both illustrations present authentic examples of their respective era – 1847 vs 1909 -, the difference in type seems obvious. Coat & colours aside, the left one nearing early Mastiff types, the right ones resembling first-class Mastiffs of the early XIX c. Both breeds share the Alpine Mastiff as common ancestor, were cross-bred with other large breeds, but type-wise the St Bernard - & Mastiff breed proceeded in a remarkably similar way.
Ch Frigga Secunda b ’90 & bred by Mr Chas Court Rice – ch Orlando’ dau ch Frigga ex ch Beaufort’ son Sir Staffford –. In the well-known drawing 'Ideal Mastiffs’, by Mr Arthur Wardle, Frigga Secunda is standing in front of her dam Frigga. On the occasion of the Crystal Palace ’91, Ilford breeder Mr Richard Cook wrote in his judge report – ‘My first choice was that of Frigga Secunda on account of her enormous proportions, and all so well combined.’ - Other reports mention – ‘large size, moves with great ease, very full eye being too light as well.’ -
Quote - 'Ch Frigga Secunda won the Forty Guineas Cup six times and left the show bench unbeaten.' - Note - In '91 she was beaten for the challenge award at Crystal Palace and Agricultural Hall by her dam ch Frigga, and at Birmingham by Captain Piddocke’ ch Jubilee Beauty, the latter mated to ch Ogilvie, produced one of the most valued Victorian studs, ie Tom Bowling which fathered ch Peter Piper, grandsired ch Holland' Black Boy & ch Colonel Cromwell, great-grandsired ch Felix, ch Countess Invicta, and ch British Monarch. Ch Frigga Secunda produced show winners Osburga II & Dynevor, the latter Mr Wm Norman Higgs ch Ha Ha' sire; Frigga II' brother Cardinal Beaufort went to the American fancier Mr James Whitney, Flower kennels - Rochester NY.
Article dd Nov ’34 about Mr Chas Ackerman' Duke Legh of Lyme b Feb ’34 bred by Dr Wayne Alter - Goring Gem ex St Paul Mike -. Goring Gem b Dec '32 bred by Miss F M Crump - Wyndley Boadicea (ch Menai Yosemite ex ch Havengore Bill) ex Mrs Dickin' Thor by Menai Comet -; St Paul Mike – Bayberry June – Betty* x Mrs Evans ch Prince’ son Thor des Isles - ex ch Cleveland Premier’ son Hellingly Caractacus -. Note – Betty out of ch Weland’ dau Wingfield Eanfleda ex ch Weland’ son Wingfield Orlando. Quote - 'Duke is descended from Mastiff which won fame at battle of Agincourt', of course, only copying an absurdly romanticized fairy tale confabulated by, most probably, the 'champion' of the Lyme breed Mr Henry de Spencer Kingdon of Colyton Devon.
Duke Legh of Lyme was owned by Mr Charles Ackerman - arguably Mr Charles A(ugustus) Ackerman '73-41 of 346 Granada street San Francisco -, who imported Mrs Dickin Thor’ paternal half sis Buzzard Pride b '31 bred by'31 bred by the Irish lady Mrs Nora Winthrop Briscoe* – ch Hellingly Josephine' sis H- Judy ex Menai Comet -, and ch Deleval Alftruda’ maternal aunt Deleval Rosamund b Dec ’34 as well. Mr Ackerman bred Brunhilda of Lyme Hall b' 38 – Buzzard Pride ex ch Hellingly Ajax’ son Roxbury Boy -, but owned by Mr Merle Campbell of Oregon who mated her to Roxbroom Brian’ son Angeles Tristan, resulting in Shanno of Lyme Hall b ’40, the latter mated to Altnacraig Eric' dau Merle’ Tanna, produced ‘Heatherbelle labeled’ Mastiffs but bred by Mr Merle Campbell -, which took part in the resuscitation of the breed in England, namely 1) Heatherbelle Lady Hyacinth, dam of Heatherbelle Sterling Silver & - Portia sired by Parkhurst Rufus, and 2) Heatherbelle Lady Diana, dam of Heatherbelle Rajah sired by Rufus’ brother Parkhurst Jumbo. Parkhurst breeder Colonel Byron Hugh Parker '83-52, who lived at a farm in the village Carmangay nr Calgary, province of Alberta. – At left - fr l to r - Heatherbelle Hyacinth, Heatherbelle Diana, ch Rolanda – Deleval Boadicea ex Sir Timothy’ son Goring Brockwell -, and Heatherbelle Diana’ dau H- Bridget; at right - Diana & her daughter Bridget.
* About the breeder of Mr C A Ackerman’ Buzzard Pride - Mrs Nora Winthrop Hackett Withrop Briscoe '87-61 of Kilkenny Ireland – she was the daughter of the Very Rev Henry Monck Mason Hackett, Dean of Waterford from ‘03 until '13. After a curacy in Banbridge he was a CMS Missionary in Benares from ‘77 to ‘81; and was at Allahabad from '81 to ‘86. He was the Minister of Christ Church Richmond Surrey from ‘86 to '88; and of Christ Church Hampstead from ‘92 to ‘94. He was Missionary-Principal of St Pauls Divinity School Allahabad from ‘92 to ‘96; and Principal of Montreal Diocesan Theological College from ‘98 until his appointment as Dean. After his years in Waterford he was the Vicar of St Peter Belsize Park from ‘13 to ‘29. Miss Nora Withrop Hackett married Rev Reginald Whitby Briscoe, a/o President of the Brownstown branch of the British Legion.
Article dd April ’89 re the Philadelphia Kennel Club Show and pups b Nov ‘88 bred by Mr John Wyeth, of Rokeby farm West Chester PA, out of Breeze sired by American ch Minting – ch Beau’ dau ch Cambrian Princess ex ch The Emperor’ son ch Maximilian -. Mai might have been one of the earliest Mastiff exports, ie to Dr James Steel, of Articlave Castlerock Co Derry, who was an Irish Wolfhound fancier as well.
From the Chicago Bench Show catalogue dd April ’90 under the auspices of the Mascoutah Kennel Club. Mastiffs judged by Mr James Mortimer. Mr Huston Wyeth, of St Joseph MO, owned Czar’ & Mai’ siblings Gladiator & Genette b May ’89, both priced at $2000!!! Mr J F Stone, Board of Trade Building Columbus Ohio, owned Rev Van Doorne ch Jack Thyr’ brother Alonzo; ch Orlando’ litter brother Lord Raglan sired Monarch owned by Mr Elisha Bearse Sears b ’46-30, fur dealer of Washington Street Boston and of Wyoming kennels Melrose Mass.
At left - dd Nov ‘93 Melrose Prince b June '87 – Princess ex Am ch Ilford Caution - bred by Mr Eugene Hood Moore b '52-19, real estate agent of Melrose, and Mayor from '07-11. He was born at Somerset Bristol Mass, as the son of Mr William Watson Moore and Mrs Eloise Maria Moore née Hood. Melrose Prince was sold to Mrs Richard Philip Hart Durkee, a lawyer - Oakhurst kennels Chicago Ill.
The Chicago Bench Show mentions Chancellor Bismark & his brother Ben Harrison II b March ‘89 bred by Mr C(harles) A Altmansperger '58-09 of Minden Iowa. He was born July ‘58 in Burgehaun Kurhessen Germany as the son of Andreas Altmannsperger, a lawyer of Marburg Germany. He received an excellent education at the Gymnasium of Fulda Germany where he obtained a knowledge of the English language, and after completing his education he entered the business house where he served three years. During this time he took a commercial course, and then served three years as a clerk in Switzerland. In ‘80 he came to America, and in '81 to Avoca Iowa, where he entered the employment of Seifest & Wiese, an extensive business firm of that place. After remaining with them a few months, he came to Minden and took charge of their business here, which is principally lumber and coal, and since that time he has attended to their work with satisfaction to his firm and credit to himself. Socially, Altmannsperger is a prominent Mason, being a member of the blue lodge, Neola Chapter of Avoca, and Scottish Rite, Council Bluffs. He has taken 14 degrees in Masonry. He is also a member of the Knights of Pythias of Neola.
Quote – ‘Mr Altmannsperger takes an interest in thoroughbred English Mastiffs, being a lover of the traits and character exhibited by that noble breed of dogs, and like many men, see many traits which are worthy of being cultivated and improved. He now has a large kennel, numbering at times as many as thirty thoroughbred English Mastiffs. Ashmont Suwaunee AKC 16,006,Vesta 6,854, and Queen Victoria 16,008 are the leaders from which he breeds. His dog Ben Harrison II AKC 16,010 - Ashmont Suwaunee ex Mr Wm Wade' Edwy 7450 vol IV b ca '84 - see at right - is a splendid animal and is one of the best specimens of the English Mastiff now living. He is now only twenty months old, and weighs 185 pounds. Mr Altmannsperger is a careful breeder of the English Mastiff, and his dogs are being shipped to all parts of the country. His noble race of dogs have descended from old English stock, made famous by the pens of the great English writers. Sir Walter Scott described in ‘Woodstock’ a magnificent specimen of this race as the famous guardian of Woodstock Hall.' - Source – Biographical History of Pottawattamie Co ‘91.
At left dd April ’07 - Mr Louis M Emmons b ’61, of Richmond Indiana, manager of the Emmons Tailoring Company, manufacturers of suits and overcoats. The photograph shows a well-dressed businessman with his tan-coloured Duke – pedigree unknown - wearing a stylish harness, the winner of three prizes in ’07, but as, acc to Mrs Patricia Hoffman, ‘a grand total of four Mastiffs were shown during ‘07, these wins were less impressive than they appeared at first sight’ -; the only other Mastiffs AKC registered that year were Mr Forest Martin’ imported Hazelmere Black Prince and his two sons out of Lady Helen. - At right – Advert dd 1890 of the Sanitas Company est ’78, manufacturers of disinfectants - Locksley Street Limehouse East London.
Dd Jan '08 – Prélude of a story by Mr James Elverson '38-11, newspaperman whose brainchild Golden Days for Boys and Girls, a 16 page weekly children' story paper ran from ‘80 to '07 as an accompaniment to the paper Saturday Night. The first printing of this paper had an output of three million copies, and by the second number, had 52,000 subscribers. According to a newspaper advertisement in '88, the weekly had a circulation between 110,000 and 120,000 weekly sales, being distributed from coast to coast in the United States. Mr Elverson later owned the Philadelphia Inquirer.
At left dd March '13 - the heroic Mastiff Taffy, arguably owned by a fancier of Lovell - Big Horn County Wyoming. - At right dd March ‘27 - Miss Olive Heppa and her Mastiff Brichtix the Saxon, a name which rings no bell in existing breed data.
Mr Robert Lenox Belknap b '48 - President of the American Mastiff Club est ‘79 -, capitalist and financier of NY City, was the son of a New York lawyer. In ‘69 he entered the mercantile house of Fuller, Lord & Co. From '71 to ‘79 he was vice president of the Mercantile Loan & Warehouse Company, and from ‘79 to ‘88 he was treasurer of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company. He was president of several Northern Pacific subsidiaries, including the Land & River Improvement Company, which developed the city of West Superior - Wis, the Northern Trust Company of West Superior, and the Duluth Gas & Water Company. He was later associated with several street railways and public utilities, including the Indianapolis & Broad Ripple Rapid Transit Company, the Seashore Electric Railway Company at Asbury Park N J, the Third Avenue Cable Railway Company in NY, and lines in Washington D C. Mr Belknap was prominent in the National Guard movement, the Presbyterian Church, and a number of yacht - and social clubs. He died March ’96, and the American Mastiff Club ceased to exist ca '97.
Mr William Paxton Stevenson, of Winlawn kennels, was his business associate at No 62 William street NY. Mr Stevenson imported Am ch Prussian Princess b ’82 bred by Mr E Hanbury – ch Wolsey’ paternal niece Nina ex ch Crown Prince -, and bred litters b ‘83/84 – Queen II ex Cato -, the latter bred by Mrs Elizabeth Cunliffe Lee – Big Ben’ grand-dau Sybil ex ch Crown Prince -, one of the '83 pups was Am ch Homer– see centre -, reportedly weighing 140 lb; Mr Richard Derby’ Pharoah b '84 – see at right -, reportedly 27i weighing 125 lb, was his younger brother.
Here at right – Typical Victorian work, heavy and ornate with exquisitely chased Mastiff relief images and an article dd Dec ’90, few months after the Secretary of the Mastiff Club of America Dr Richard Derby and son attended at Crystal Palace the first OEMC exhibition meeting.
According to Ms Joan Hahn’ breed book, about twenty Mastiffs were made up at the end of the century, amongst them nine imports incl the only brindle – Ilford Cromwell by ch Cardinal; owners were Mr William Paxton Stevenson (2) - Winlawn NY, Mr Eugene Hood Moore (4) - Melrose Mass, Mr Frank Perry (1) – Ashmont Boston Mass, Mr George Cromwell (1) - Garretson Staten Island NY, Mr R A Craig (1) - Wacouta St Paul Minnesota, Mr Elisha Bearse Sears (1) - Melrose Mass, Mr Jenks H Winchell (5) - Fair Haven Vermont, Mr Chas A Lougest (2) - Franklin Mass, Mr Edwin L Kimball (1) - Jackson Michigan, Charles E Bunn (1) - Peoria Illinois, Mr Lancelot Younghusband (1) - Detroit Michigan, and Mr Wm E Meek (1) – Hayward California. - Note - Ms Joan Hahn’ list doesn’ mention Mr Chas A Lougest' celebrated import Black Peter.
The adverts of Austin’ Dog Bread might have a reference to the Hon Arthur Wm Austin ‘07-84, lawyer & politician of Charlestown Massachusetts who bred Jack b ’72 which was chosen to represent the breed in a portfolio of canine prints by Mr Alexander Pope, a then noted animalier. Jack was only once shown, ie at Boston and awarded a special for best Mastiff in show in a class of 21 Mastiffs, a/o seven sired by Jack. Mr Austin’ Jack was a son of Dash - imported from Cardiff Wales by Mr D D Kelley -, and Juno bred by Mr Richard Francis Webb '02-75 FRHS – ‘well-known gardener throughout the UK’ -, of Culham House Calcot nr Reading, whose most noted Mastiff was his ownbred Trusty – Poppet ex ch Turk -; Trusty mated to Karnac, produced 1) Runa owned by Major Hubert George Howard Galton J P of Hazdor House – Droitwich, member of the Galton family, famous for industrialists and scientists, including Charles Darwin. ’ Runa' brother Czar' dau Neva mated to the Wynnes’ Taurus II, gave Reine b ’84 bred by Rev Thomas Charles Hose b '31-03, for 33 years rector of Roydon Vicarage - Essex, and owned by Mr William Rollinson of Ash cottage Seaforth nr Liverpool. – Centre - Article re Mr Webb’ Trusty at Crystal Palace show dd '72 - 1st prize ch Turk’ son ch Punch owned by Mr Paul Aspinall, 2nd Mr Greens ch Monarch’ sire Hercules owned by the Wynnes, and 3rd ch Turk’ younger brother Turco owned by the Belgian diplomat Mr Francois Lenders. - Note - The then only Cardiff breed fancier of some repute was Mr Wm Arthur Allen, jeweller of 20 Duke street, and perhaps the one who exported Mr Austins Jack’ sire Dash.
First row at left - The Hon Arthur Wm Austin of Charlestown Boston Mass. – Centre - Mr A W Austin’ Jack. – At right – believed to be Mr Austin’ Jack. Second row at left - Mr Richard Francis Webb' Culham House. - Centre & at right - other trade cards, a/o Hudson’ Soap The Stock-Keeper dd ‘84. - Quote - 'Mr Austin's Jack was the sire of a little dog called Grim, just fair in head for that time, owned by Mr C W Fraleigh of New York. In '81 at New York this Grim won from Gurth, a big coarse dog, straight behind, and in third place came Salisbury, Mr Chas H Mason' big English winner Salisbury was worth more than all the rest of the Mastiffs at the show. It was generally understood that the judge explained his decision by saying he had never seen such a dog before. Grim should have been third, behind Salisbury and Gurth.’ –
At left - Prélude of a story about the Mastiff Bheiru by Mr Albert P Terhune dd June ’28. – At right – Part of a tableau dd June ‘64 of Islington Dog Show prize-winners including No 14 Cabot, the Prince of Wales’ Newfoundland, and No 15 Ranee, the Prince of Wales' Indian Mastiff, the latter reportedly - 'said - 'to bear a wonderful resemblance to the true English dogs of that kind.'
At left – article dd Nov ’13 re Mr Morris Kinney and his Kinnelon kennels. Batchworth Beauty b ’09, older sis of ch’s Brompton Duke & - Duchess; mated to ch British Monarch, she produced Ben-Ma-Chree b ’12- dam of ch MissBull – see at right -, Mr Horatio Bottomley Dicker Belle, and Fulmen owned by Mr Herbert Basil Newland ’88-16 of 24 Douglas Road North Canonbury Islington - res cc at Alexandra Palace '14 under Mr Wm Hunter Johnston -. Mr H B Newland was the son of Rev Frederick Wm Newland, Superintendent of the Claremont Mission at Pentonville.
A bit of social history dd July ’22 - 'Pennsylvania resident Mr Jacob aka Jake Silverman made national headlines back in ‘22 for the crime of owning a dog named Dick within the commonwealth. The law at the time required that Dick be killed simply because he was owned by Mr Silverman b ‘85 in Lithuania, who, due to Russian persecution of Jews, emigrated to the United States in ‘04. His wife Lisll followed a short time later and the couple ultimately settled in Hatfield Pa - ca 30 miles NW of Philadelphia. Jake was a literate man in his native tongue, but like so many other immigrants, his spoken English was a bit rough and he could neither read or write in his new language. He worked as a laborer on farms, but eventually was able to purchase a farm of his own, and was the proud father of seven children. One day, while traveling through the country with daughter Rebecca, the two came across a man with a cute puppy which was a mix of part Mastiff and part St Bernard. Rebecca immediately fell in love with the pooch, so Jake agreed to purchase the dog for $5 - ca $62 today, and he became a loving part of the Silverman family their new family member. Dick grew to be tremendous in size, but was as gentle as a lamb.
Everything was going smoothly with Dick until Montgomery Co Game Commissioner Mr Jeremiah Reinert learned that the Silvermans may possibly own a dog. He hopped in his car and drove right out to their farm to see if this was, in fact, true. Once he confirmed that the Silvermans did own a dog, Reinert had to ask Mr Jacob Silverman one simple question: ‘Are you a citizen.’ Jacob was an honest man and said that he was not. And with that simple confirmation Dick the dog was handed a death sentence. This is because the Alien Dog Law of ‘15 prohibited any non-citizen within the state of Pennsylvania from owning a dog, whether it be for hunting or companionship, arguably connected with the passing of the Alien Gun Law in ‘09 which forbid any unnaturalized citizen from owning a gun or rifle. The argument at the time was that too many aliens were violating the state’ hunting laws, which supposedly resulted in a significant decline of game. An estimated twenty percent of the state’ rural population was foreign born in the early 1900s, so it should come as no surprise that by taking away their right to own a gun, game conditions improved.
The fight was now on to save Dick’ life. During Jacob’ initial appearance in court, the magistrate denied a petition to suspend the sentence and grant custody of the dog to one of Silverman’ American born daughters. He did, however, issue a ten-day reprieve so that he could review the case. The law is the law and it became clear that the Silvermans needed a good lawyer. The man that Jacob turned to was attorney Samuel Conver. Jake, with the help of the pennies that his daughter Fannie had saved up, paid him a small retainer fee for his services, but, in the end, Conver waived all of his fees.
Forget the urgency of war, famine, and other the grave problems that humans as a whole were facing at the time. The demise of Dick the dog would have certainly caused the collapse of the United States. This was a matter of incredible importance and there was only one man in the country that could handle such a weighty situation – the 29th President of the United States – Mr Warren G Harding. The life of Dick the dog would prove to be the most monumental and important decision that his administration would ever be faced with… In reality, it was his wife Florence who brought the story to President Harding’ attention. While the Commander in Chief was basically powerless to intervene, the pressure of the oval office can sometimes go a long way in helping to decide the outcome of a case. In a letter that he penned to Pennsylvania Governor William Sproul, Harding wrote, “I think you will have to count this letter a personal one rather than an official communication. I write it at the suggestion of Mrs. Harding, though I am happy to do so, because the appeal which greatly stirred her touches me no less forcibly. Governor Sproul immediately telegraphed Judge Boorse and also wired the following message back to the President: “Please tell Mrs Harding that I have asked the magistrate at Lansdale to delay action regarding Dick Silverman until we can look into all the questions involved. I guess we can save the dog.” So Dick the dog was allowed to live and the $25 fine dropped, but there was one big catch: The Silvermans would not be able to take their beloved friend home. Dick was placed in the care of the Pennsylvania SPCA, the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, with instructions to find him a new home. Almost immediately, Dick’ nemesis, Game Commissioner Reinert, filed a complaint that Magistrate Boorse had acted illegally and Dick should be put down.
On July 7th, SPCA Secretary Mr William T Phillips and agent Mr Frederick Carter took Dick to his new home. He was turned over to a farmer named Mr John L Eberts, who just happened to have been a personal friend of Mr Jake Silverman. Eberts agreed to take good care of Dick until Jake was granted his citizenship. On that same day, Silverman took the customary oath and filed his papers to do just that. With the help of his daughter Fannie, he planned to study hard for the next two years as he prepped for the examination in English that was required to gain citizenship. Meanwhile, State Game Commission secretary Seth Gordon penned a letter to Magistrate Boorse on July 12th requesting that the $25 fine be reinstated and collected from Mr Silverman. Governor Sproul quickly intervened: “Under the authority vested in the governor, any fine or forfeiture incurred by Jacob Silverman in the case brought before you, wherein he was charged with the unlawful possession of a dog, is hereby remitted.”
And with that statement, the story of Dick the Dog disappeared from the press. The ‘30 United States census indicates that Mr Jacob Silverman had become a naturalized citizen. And, best of all, the story ends well as Dick was returned to the Silverman family and died of natural causes six years later. By avoiding the death sentence dictated by the Alien Dog Law, Dick was clearly lucky. Many others were not. For example, in ‘18 127 people were convicted of violating the law. One can only guess that at least that many of their dogs were shot to death. In ‘20, 200 hundred dogs were put down, generating more that $3,500 (over $43,000 today) for the state from collected fines.
As time went on, the Alien Dog Law was enforced less and less. The final nail in its coffin occurred on 31th July ‘56 when a 60-year-old man named Mr George Welkoff of Hellertown was sentenced to 32 days in jail for failing to pay a $15 fine (approximately $138 today) for owning a German Shepherd puppy named Hector. George had arrived to the United States in ‘51 after the communists killed both his wife and son. Hector had become his only companion. With George in jail, Hector was placed at the Hellertown dog pound.
After the story appeared in the Wydnor newspaper, Pennsylvania resident Mr A Vincent Leun took it upon himself to get George out of jail and to get the law changed. “I immediately paid his fine and costs totaling $35.80, even though I had never heard of him before that time.” Leun then proceeded to pen a letter to Governor George . Leader, along with 260 additional Pennsylvania state senators and assemblymen, requesting that the law be repealed. Leun received angry phone calls threatening him with bodily injury, but he continued to champion for Welkoff’ cause. He even took it upon himself to care for Hector with the understanding that he would be returned to George Welkoff as soon as legally possible. Both Leun and Hector looked on as Governor Leader signed a repeal of the law on 5th April ‘57. As promised, Hector was returned to George immediately, but the story did not end well. On Monday 3th August ‘59, George returned home to find nothing but Hector’ frayed collar. Sadly, 4-year-old Hector and another dog were shot dead the following night after the two had killed fourteen chickens at a nearby home. -
Dd July ’30 re the wedding of Miss Marjorie Joan Isaac of Selborne Hammers lane Mill Hill, grand-daughter of Mr E J Lewis Isaac, one of the pioneer builders in Mill Hill, and Mr John James Ellis, grandson of Sir John Baddeley, Bart, who was Mayor of London in ’21-22. - ‘the huge Mastiff' looks rather like a black or blue Great Dane.
At left - dd Oct ‘27 re Crystal Palace Show - judge Mr Wm Hunter Johnston – Mrs J Evans’ 17m old ch Ursula b May ’26 bred by Miss I Bell – ch King Baldur' dau Menai Victoria ex Poor Joe' son ch Woden- res cc ch Menai Juno, 3rd Miss Howland Tucker’ Baltana – Peggy ex Poor Joe -; dog cc Mr W H Calcott’ King Agrippa res cc his brother Mr Arthur Baggaley’ ch Superbus 3rd ch Cleveland Premier. Mrs Evans gave up the breed in the late 1920s and ch Ursula was transferred to Menai breeder Mr Bob Thomas of Buxton.
At right - dd Feb '51 ‘The real British Breed', arguably Miss I Bell' 2-year old Heatherbelle Portia - one of the four Mastiff bitches entered at Crufts dd Feb ‘51 in the class - 'Any Variety not classified at this show' including one cross-bred, three Bearded Collies, and two Leonbergers as well; the class was judged by the allrounder Mr John Wm Henry Beynon b '72 of Manchester, author of canine books who, reportedly, has had the honour of judging the best in Show at Crufts twice. Other Mastiffs in the class were the brindle Havengore Rodney and four uni-coloured bitches, ie Mrs F C Mayne' 21m old Heatherbelle Priscilla' Martha, and the 16m old sisters OEMC Prudence & OEMC Beatrix entered by OEMC Secretary Mrs Norah Dickin.
Note - Everybody’ Weekly was a tabloid founded ‘13 in London as The Competitor’s Journal. The publication was widely syndicated in the United States. Everybody', then owned and published by Everybody’ Publications Ltd, was acquired by Amalgamated Press in ‘50 and then merged with John Bull magazine in ‘59. The publication ran its last issue 25 April '59.
Dd March ’12 re the Right Reverend William Croswell Doane '32 -13 was the 1st Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Albany in the United States. - 'Doane served in ordained ministry from '69 until his death in ‘13, a huge span for those times. As bishop, he managed the construction of the Cathedral of All Saints in Albany, the first Episcopal cathedral built for that purpose in the United States. It is now on the National Register of Historic Places. Doane is probably best known today for his Anglican hymn, ‘Ancient of Days'. As a student at Burlington College in New Jersey, he was one of three founding members of the ‘Delta' chapter of the college fraternity of Delta Psi, later known as St Anthony Hall after the chapter transferred to the nearby University of Pennsylvania.' -
Dd Sept ’38 - A ‘Tall Story’ about a Mastiff owned by Mr James Hampton Sturgeon ’98-56, farmer of Barnwell street Coward South Carolina, and dd Jan ’39 article by Mr A P Terhune.
Article dd Oct 1897 about Tige owned by Mr Sam Geno Rutland – Vermont. Quote – ‘Tige is the largest dog in the world. His name is a suitable one for he is as large as a full-sized tiger and considerably larger than the average lion. This monster dog is an English mastiff by race, and belongs to Sam Geno of Rutland Vt. Tige' measurements are as follows: Length. 7 feet 5 inches; waist, 48 inches; neck, 29 inches; height, 39 inches. He stands eight inches higher than a dining room table. Tige is only three years of age. and has not yet aquired his full weight or strength. Mr Geno has taught his dog to box, and he is anxious to match him to fight five rounds with any pugilist on earth. Mr Geno would like very much to have Tige meet Bob Fitzsimmons. and the dog is thoroughly in accord with him. Tige will undertake not to bite, scratch with his his legs or to attack his human opponent otherwise than with his forepaws encas in gloves. He is understood to be a thoroughly reliable and sportsmanlike dog.’ -
Taken from The Stock-Keeper dd 1896 - Lady Coleus & a ‘Mr Mercer’. Stafford breeder Mr Albert Andrews bred two litters out of ch Montgomery’ dau Vestala sired by ch Beaufort, amongst the siblings were 1) Mr C C Rice' Sir Stafford - ch Frigga Secunda’ sire, paternal grandsire of Mr Wm N Higgs' ch Ha Ha and maternal grandsire of Mr C C Rice' ch Elgiva & ch Peter Piper -, 2) ch Lord Stafford - ch Mark Antony' maternal grandsire -, 3) Mr Wm Norman Higgs' ch Lady Florida - maternal great-granddam of ch Holland' Black Boy & Am ch Black Peter -, and 4) Lady Coleus b ‘87, the latter as puppy purchased by Ilford breeder Mr Richard Cook who exported her to Melrose breeder Mr Eugene Hood Moore who sold her to Mr James Whitney - Flour City Rochester NY. Mr Mercer was perhaps a kennelman or handler of one of them. Lady Coleus became an American champion.
At left – ch Peter Piper’ eight months old cousin Brampton b May '94 & bred by Mr Wm Norman Higgs - out of Tom Bowling' sis ch Brampton Beauty sired by Am ch Beaufort’ Black Prince -, owned by successively Mr Jenks Lawrence Winchell of Fair Haven Vermont, Dr Chas A Lougest, and Mr Samuel Henry Miller of Brampton Kennels, 3934 Lowndes Ave Baltimore Maryland. Ch Brampton Beauty' litter counted seven puppies. – At right - Article dd June '32 by 'Philokuon' aka Mr Arthur Croxton Smith ’65-52 KC chairman ’37-48, of Wandle Bloodhound kennels - Burlington House Wandle road Upper Tooting – ca seven miles SW of London City -, and author of well-known canine books.
Article dd Feb '98 re the Madison Square Garden show, unfortunately in almost unreadably small text size, therefore here some relevant excerpts. - 'The St Bernard Sir Edward Bedivere aside, no other has ever been known to have so high a commercial value as Black Prince Brampton, ie $10,000, or the price of a good house in New York City. Black Prince Brampton is a massive and muscular dog, with immense bone and the best of hindquarters and hocks. His skull is good in size and formation, his ears small and nicely carried, and he is a very active dog. With the proper coat and a good color, his ears and mask being intensely black. His sire is the famous English Black Prince, who was sold two years ago for $8,000, and the reason why the pup is worth more than his sire is that, besides giving great promise in every respect, he is a more level-made dog, with greater length and massiveness of body, immeasurably superior in hindquarters and action, and, without being fat, outweighs his sire by a few pounds. He is 30 inches high, 40 inches long, the length of his head and muzzle is 12 3/8 inches, and depth of septum 3 ½ inches.
The proprietor of the dog is scarcely less interesting than the animal he owns. He is Dr Charles A Lougest of No 313 Columbus Avenue Boston. Dr Lougest is a well-built , elderly gentleman, with a long gray beard, a wide black sombrero on his head, and his kind eyes almost hidden behind a pair of immense spectacles. He has a farm of 600 acres near Franklin Mass where he gives free vent to his hobby of fancy animals. The doctor has been giving his leisure time to petting of animals for twenty-five years, and has seventy-nine large and small dogs amongst his collection. He has an immense menagerie of fancy domestic animals which he says he would not part with for $100,000.. Of thoroughbred horses alone he has over forty, while the number of his fancy cattle always counts up to between fifty and sixty.' -
At left - Black Prince Brampton & his sire Am ch Beaufort' Black Prince. - At right - advert re Mr Jenks Lawrence Winchell' Bloodhound stock and his partnership with the famous Bloodhound breeder Mr Edwin Brough of Scarborough England. Mr J L Winchell imported his first Bloodhounds in ’81 and became the first President of the English Bloodhound Club of America, Dr Chas A Lougest being Secretary and Treasurer..
Part of a photograph dd June ’89 of Dog Kennels, the property of Dr Sidney Turner. The photographer of Dr J Sidney Turner’ kennels, Mr Edward Thomas Frederick Goodwin ‘52-17 married Miss Jane Goodwin b ‘52 Edinburgh, and they had two sons and one daughter. His City Photographic studios were until ‘87 at 102 first floor London Wall City of London; 4 Hamlet Terrace Anerley Road Norwood 1881 – 1882; 63 Anerley Road Norwood 1882 – 1904; 75 St Paul' Churchyard City of London '83 – ‘90. The Census ‘91 mentions him as a widower and in '05 he emigrated to South Africa where he died in Greytown - Natal.
The complete photograph shows Dr Sidney Turner’ kennels were complemented by quite extensive exercising grounds. The KCSB covering the show year ‘89 mentions that he then showed two male prize Mastiffs, ch Beaufort b ‘84 & his son Ayrshire b Sept ‘88, and four bitches, ie ch Beaufort’ daughter ch Isolde b ‘88 , ch Beaufort’ dam ch The Lady Isabel b “81 , Ayrshire’ sis Seabreeze & The Lady Margery b ’86, the latter bred by Rev Henry Van Doorne - Cedric the Saxon’ dau Wunna ex ch Orlando or ch Hotspur -. He then owned Lady Barbara & sis Lady Joan b ‘87 - ch Salisbury’ dau Nelfia ex ch Hotspur -, Lady Phillis b June ‘87 - The Lady Margery ex ch Beaufort -, Lady Pamela b ‘88 - ch Montgomery’ dau Vistala ex ch Beaufort - as well.
The greyed ‘overfed’ older one, in front of the Victorian-like corniced shed, might have been the doctor' five year old flagship ch Beaufort, as another photograph shows an identical croup annex tail straight down. The left one in the right kennel might have been Rev Van Doorne’ low-standing ch Hotspur being at visit. Ch Beaufort' nine months old son Ayrshire may be included in this picture as well.
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