Biedermeier styled chalk lithograph on clay plate by the artist Henry Ritter 1816 Montreal - '53 Düsseldorf depicting a caricaturical scene in front of the Swans Inn about the tiny lapdog Muff thoughtlessly gobbled up by the coachman’ Nero, a ‘well-fed’ ear-cropped German Mastiff – printed by von Arnz & Co Düsseldorf 1850 and published in a satirical Düsseldorfer monthly magazine. -

At right – Half-erect eared Mastiff portrait by the Belgian artist G Maraite dd Sept 1906. The early standards by Stonehenge does not mention half-erect ears in contrast with both standards of the Mastiff Breeding Club – Secretary Mr M B Wynne, a/o - ‘ears small, and either half-erect or wholly pendent, and thin to the touch’ -; in order to accentuate the importance of ears set on high, the Breeding Club dd ‘80 adds - 'not low as in the Hound' -.  Given the date of the painting, it seems the semi-erect carriage of ears ‘survived’ quite a long time.

Our Dogs Mems dd Dec ’32 – Letter by Captain Guy Weston Samuelson, husband of Cinque Ports breeder Mrs Frances Samuelson who, according to the KC Stud Books, owned Garlinge Lady Jane and entered her under the old OEMC stalwart Mr Wm Hunter Johnston in the Beginners’ class at Crufts ’29 resulting in Mr Geo Joice’ Arolite 1st, Mr Bob Thomas’ Menai Comet 2nd, Mr H J White’ Goodbreed Caesar 3rd, whereas Mrs Samuelson' Garlinge Lady Jane only getting the reserve. Three years later her Lady Jane’ home-bred son Michael b Feb '30 got the Crufts cc under Mr Wm Hunter Johnston. 

Being only shortly involved into Mastiff affairs, it sounds as if in the 'blue' passage of the article the Captain refers to his wife Frances  who was the one 'furiously indignant' but, for the sake of private matters, disguised in 'He was furiously indignant'. But the subtitle of the photograph here below at leftmentions Garlinge Lady Jane 'belonging to Captain Guy Samuelson of Westenhanger' - ed 1.5 miles N of Lympne -. In that case it was himself  who was 'furiously indignant'... 

At the LKA Olympia London dd May '29, Garlinge Lady Jane won a 3rd prize in Limit class under Mr Guy Percival Greenwood - cc the Olivers' ch Wantley Joy, res cc Miss Ianthe Bell' ch Helga, sis to Mrs Evans' ch Ursula & the Olivers' Hellingly Lady Here - ch King Baldur' dau Menai Victoria ex ch Woden -.

Dissatisfaction with 'placings' are as old as humanity itself. In many cases it's sour grapes and the inability to cope with the given, even there's a well-written blueprint, everyone can have an honest but different opinion thereto, including his/her order of importance re the respective points of that standard. Such a shame, putting things into perspective, ie the awareness it's really only the opinion of one sole person is not given to everyone in the backseats.

Quote by Benjamin Franklin - 'Without Freedom of Thought, there can be no such Thing as Wisdom; and no such Thing as publick Liberty, without Freedom of Speech; which is the Right of every Man, as far as by it, he does not hurt or controul the Right of another: And this is the only Check it ought to suffer, and the only Bounds it ought to know.' -

There are those who lay the blame on the content of the breed standard itself in the delusion  of an imagined 'definite' breed standard in the making. Unfortunately, it never will become reality but nonetheless wish the inventors of a revised  standard every luck in order to fully exterminate 'dissatisfaction with placings'...

Back to Captain Guy Weston Samuelson. The London Gazette mentions about him - ‘being granted commissions dd 5 Nov 1940 for the duration of the hostilities as a pilot on probation’ -, ca two months after Lympne was bombed by German Stukas; the Samuelsons mentioned their address as ‘Cinque Ports Lympne’, probably referring to the Flying Schools Cinque Ports at Lympne. 

At right - Captain Guy W Samuelson’ cousin Captain Francis Henry Bernard Samuelson ‘90-81 and his wife Margaret posing next to their MG racing car at Monte Carlo dd '31. He served in the Yorkshire Hussars in WWI and was a fervent motor car racer who did a lot of competition and continued racing well into his eighties; at the age of 87 he picked up a driving ban for jumping a red light. Note - He became Sir Francis Henry Bernard Samuelson dd January ‘46 - 4th Bart. Both Captains – Guy & Francis - were great-grandsons of one of the few Jewish entrepreneurs in Britain directly engaged in running a successful heavy industry, ie Sir Bernhard Samuelson b '20 Hamburg Germany who became one of the then largest ironmasters.

At left – a Comper Swift with whom Captain Guy Weston Samuelson competed aero races. He claimed to be a descendant of Sir Robert Peel 1788-50 - Bart, who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom dd ‘34–35 & ‘41–46 and twice as Home Secretary '22–27 & ‘28–30. Sir Robert Peel is regarded as one of the fathers of the modern Conservative Party, and founded a/o the Metropolitan Police Force, dd ‘33 joined by the Captain’ son Rowland Guy Blundell Samuelson b ’14, and dd ‘40 Rowland gained the rank of Flying Officer in the Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.


For the record – Captain Guy Weston Samuelson was not a descendant of the Prime Minister, but his mother - centre in white dress, arguably in the company of her sisters -, ie Mrs Anne Jane Samuelson née Davis ’64-20, of 240 Almoner' house St James' Court London & 1 The Leas Folkestone Kent, was the daughter of Mrs Margaret Jane Davis née Peel '24-05, and grand-daughter of Mr William Peel 1793-69 whose father Jonathan Peel 1752-34, of Accrington House nr Blackburn, was the brother of Sir Robert Peel 1750-30 - 1st Bart, the latter father of Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel 1788-50 - 2nd Bart.

At right - plaque at 16 Upper Grosvenor Street Mayfair London.

Article dd Nov ‘35 mentioning Mrs Frances Samuelson of Lympne Hall - 'Defendant – ie Mr Leslie George Hoile of Berrington House The Street less than 100 yards away – fled, and she went after him with her Mastiff, but he had gone.' - The Mastiff in the article might have been her Crufts winner - see below - ch Cinque Ports Michael b Feb ’30 - ch Westcroft Blaise' dau Garlinge Lady Jane ex ch Ashenhurst Cedric' son Goldhawk Cedric -.

Mr Leslie George Hoile ’00-80 m in ’26 Miss Lilian M Sawyer, dd ’23 a staff member of London’ Bethlem Hospital. He was the grandson of the veterinary surgeon John George Hoile ’32-07 residing at Berrington House Lympne, same address as for Leslie’ brother Mr Edward Victor Hoile b ‘92, dramatist and author of theatre plays a/o Piccadilly Alibi, Painted Sparrows & Love’s a Luxury.

The C 16th timber framed Lympne Hall The Street Lympne Hythe - ca 200 yards from Lympne Castle – is, in the Shepway district conservation area, one of the oldest houses with an C18th façade and C20th alterations. The front elevation consists of red brick with uncoursed galleted stone to part of the ground floor and a plain tile roof.

Insert – Flying a Comper Swift, the Captain won a silver medal for second place at the renowned ‘Folkestone Trophy Race’ dd ‘38. The Comper Swift is a single-seat sporting aircraft concepted by Flight Lieutenant Nicholas Comper and produced by Comper Aircraft Company Ltd of Hooton Park – Cheshire, ‘holding a strong appeal to those who appreciate flying in the true sense of the word.’ -

Ch Michael' sibling Cinque Ports Jennifer Jane, owned by Mrs A Harding of The Retreat Hythe Kent, got in '32 the LKA Olympia  cc under Mr Nevill Walker Hall - res cc Hellingly Queen Bess, 3rd ch Ileden Volo -, and two reserve cc's resp at Brighton under Mr Nevison Arthur Loraine *** - cc ch Hellingly Joy -, and at the KC Crystal Palace under Mr Arthur Croxton-Smith - cc Ileden Volo -. After been made up in '32, ch Cinque Ports Michael got in '33 two reserve cc's, ie at Crufts under Mr Guy P Greenwood - cc ch Uther Penarvon -, and at Richmond under Mr Wm Hunter Johnston - cc Penn King Peter' son Simeon -, and finally in '34 again at Richmond a res cc under Mr Guy P Greenwood - cc ch Cleveland Hugo -. *** Mr Nevison Arthur Loraine ’63-34, of The Cottage Esher Surrey, manager of Sandown Park Racecourse, and accomplished painter specialised in horses and rustic scenes.

The Kennel Club Stud Books give no further trace of the Samuelsons who bred their second and last litter in '35, ie - Trelyon Morwena ex Deleval Piers - resulting in a/o Lympne Sampson exported  to US fancier Mr Brooks Stevens Jr. It might go about Mr Chas Brooks Stevens '02-81, of Concord Mass, who had knitting mills in Scotland, Ireland and India as well; he was the son of woollen manufacturer Mr Charles Brooks Stevens of Lowell Mass.

At left  dd nov ’11– Article about the Crystal Palace Zoological Gardens Scheme proposed by Dr John Sidney Turner who lived near the Crystal Palace at 81 Anerley road. – ‘Compared to the present location in Regent’ Park with its 34 acres, the Palace and grounds of 200 acres are more suitable to show the animals somewhat in their natural state and condition to their very considerable improvement in health, taking Mr Carl Hagenbeck Zoological Park at Hamburg as example.

Another part of his scheme was retaining Crystal Palace’ position as a great educational centre, particularly for natural sciences, a/o forestry, botany, mineralogy, geology, &c. Important research work could be done especially in connection with the selection of species, hybridisation and so on.

It could become a popular resort of a high character requiring music and proper catering for the visitors in various ways. It would preserve the neighbourhood as a desirable residential district.’ –


At right dd April ’14 – Dr J S Turner at the Kennel Club’ Field Trials at Orwell Park nr Ipswich, together with Captain Harold Darrel Furber of the 3rd Batt Welsh regiment, the latter' wife Barbara née St Clair Johnston, and Mr Frederick Chas Lowe ‘47-30 who ran and bred hunting dogs since the 1860s, and the man behind F C Lowe & Son Ltd' Carta Carna Dog & Poultry Foods, one of the world' first commercial dog food producers which kept operating until the mid 1970s, when it was closed down after more than hundred years of production in the same village of Sittingbourne Kent.

As hereinbefore stated, Dr J S Turner belonged to the OEMC triumvirate - incl Rev J W Mellor & Mr W K Taunton - which drew up the breed standard dd 1883 and followed up Kennel Club’ founder Mr Sewallis Shirley as Chairman of the Kennel Club, that during more than 20 years until his death in '20.

At right - Church & Dwight Soda trade card by the American artist Gustav Muss-Arnolt and presenting ch Beaufort, probably the best Mastiff bred by Dr J S Turner. Mr Gustav Muss-Arnolt, of German origin, created numerous drawings for the American Kennel Gazette of some of the top dogs of the day. He was a/o a member of the AKC Board of Directors and, reportedly the first judge to publicly state that - 'type was the most important consideration in properly evaluating dogs.' -

Birmingham ’33 report – Mastiffs judged by Dr James Aubrey Ireland - see insert cartoon - cc Cleveland Comedian' son Cleveland Hugo, res Cleveland Julian,’ son ch Hellingly Cardinal, 3rd ch Uther Penarvon’ son The Druid - bitch cc ch Havengore Bill' dau ch Lady Turk, res ch Hellingly Joseph' dau ch Hellingly Josephine, 3rd ch Havengore Bill' dau Wyndley Boadicea. - Hossall Duke b 30 & bred by Mr W Oliver - Menai Comet' dau Quenie ex Menai Comet' son Plutarch - was owned by Miss Ella Hodgkiss, of Wildmoor Belbroughton nr Stourbridge Worcs, and entered him the next year at Birmingham receiving a 3rd in Open class under Mr Arthur Croxton-Smith - cc ch Hellingly Joseph' son Trelyon Dick, 2nd ch Cleveland Hugo -; Mrs Norah Dickin' Deleval Sybilla b '31 - ch Woden' dau Deleval Gyda ex Comet Menai’ son Thor –.


At other shows judged by Dr Aubrey Ireland dog cc’s went to ch Ashenhurst Cedric' son ch Superbus, ch Uther Penarvon, ch Cinque Ports Michael, ch Hellingly Ajax' son Kinder Monarch and ch Havengore Christopher; quite odd that also none of six bitch cc's went to Mr/Mrs Oliver, that in a time the Hellingly breeders dominated the show ring but also in a time branded by boycotting specific shows/judges because of dubious politics between both breed clubs, ie the OEMC and the Mastiff Breeders Association, the latter the Olivers' brainchild.


Dr James Aubrey Ireland b ‘77, police surgeon residing at The Castle House Shrewsbury. In ‘56 he travelled to Portugal to join his wife Henrietta who was already there for health reasons and to celebrate their 50th wedding anniversary. He seemingly stayed there as in '63 he was appointed to judge a ‘best in show’ in Britain, but forbidden by his doctor to fly over from Portugal. – At right - The tolerant Mastiff in playful company.

A pre-WWII pair of Mastiffs  but, unfortunately, the writings in white below each of them aren't to decipher. The right one wears an apparent studded collar. The show plate on display at right might have been the International Challenge Plate offered at Crufts for best Brace, the first one won in '12 by Mr Robert J Burch with ch British Monarch & ch Sam' Sweetheart.

Re the photograph, first long shot might be Mr Fred Bowles’ brace of  Crufts ’39, ie Hammercliffe Remus & ch Petronella, resp grandson & daughter of Miss Bell' ch Uther Penarvon whose progeny counted quite a lot of 'heavy chinned' ones. The OEMC awards - since '69 - the 'Fred Bowles collar' to the Best Bitch of the Year. At left - Mr Fred Bowles' ch Petronella and her sis Prunella, the latter, according to Mrs P B Hoffman, exported in '39/40 to Manthorne breeder Col Titus US.

Another but less possibility is the brace which won the plate in ’32, namely entered by Broomcourt breeder Mr Bennett, ie Weirdwood Beau Geste b ’27 & bred by Mr Louis Saveria - ch Ashenhurst Cedric' dau Lady Pat ex ch Westcroft Blaise – and ch Cleveland Ponoroggo – ch King Baldur’ dau Princess Bunty ex Cleveland Comedian -. Beau Geste was sibling of Mr/Mrs Baggaley’ ch Dervot Dawn. Four years earlier Mr Frederick J Hawkings offered at Crufts a Special Prize in the form of a Life-size Bas-relief of the winner of the Bitch Challenge Certificate (Mr Bob Thomas’ ch Menai Juno).

Still another guess is the brace which took the International Challenge Plate at Crufts ’30, ie Benton Adonis & - Venus – ch Weland' dau Westcroft Shiela ex ch Westcroft Blaise -, but rather doubtful coz Adonis' head in adulthood was full of 'decorum'. For the record, an Our Dogs advert dd Dec '27 - see at right - presenting them as one-year old youngsters, one of them wearing a studded collar; they were not very uncommon but quite a lot of those owned by Mr Harry Cuthbert Liddell ’02-70 wore them. The Benton kennels were located at the small Suffolk village Hollesley.


Benton Adonis’ show career took off promisingly winning the Richmond ‘28 cc under Mr John James Holgate - res ch Ashenhurst' son King Agrippa & 3rd Miss Bell' ch Woden -, but further on the KCSB mention only a 3rd in Limit class at Crufts '30 under Major Harding Cox. 

Mr John James aka Jack Holgate of Southboro kennels The Hook Surbiton - later on Southboro House St Wilfrids road Bessacarr nr Doncaster, was a highly esteemed International judge and one of the writing authorities of ‘Our Dogs’, that under the pen name Victrix, whereas 'Porcupine' was used by another Our Dogs contributor Mr James Watson, well-known for his extensive book ‘The Book of The Dog'.

Edit - In order to make things even more fuzzy, there's a source which mentions the photograph presenting the brace incl the 'plate' is taken from 'Dogs, Their Selection, Breeding and Keeping' authored by Mr Frank Townend Barton, 1st edition 1910 followed by another in '14. These dates might undermine former guesses seemingly misled by that wretched plate. Last but not least guess might be the brace which won the 'New Century Shield' at Crufts '08, namely Mr Robt Leadbetter' ch Hazlemere Ronald and his ch sis Bess. Alas, no studded collar(s) to notice in the many photographs presenting Mr Leadbetter' fine Mastiffs, neither a convincing similarity to other pictures of Ronald & Bess.

Above at left dd Oct ’33 – At the Crystal Palace Show - Deleval Joanna b ‘31 - Hellingly Robert' dau Cleveland Joy ex ch Woden' son Cleveland Comedian –  described as  - 'A brindle, requires more breadth in skull and might be darker in eye, nice foreface, good size, body, bone, legs and feet; rather straight in stifles.’ – Joanna, mated to Deleval Hereward, produced Deleval Boadicea, the latter maternal grand-dam of Coldblow Sally which, mated to Valiant Diadem, gave Major Keith Hulbert’ Frithend Nydia. Here at left - Joanna' maternal grandsire Hellingly Robert, brother of Hellingly Queen Bess which produced the Hellingly ch's Cardinal & Marksman.


Centre dd Nov ‘33 - Miss Sarah Skatte Reid, of The Anchorage Allendale Northumberland, and The Mhor b Sept ’30 & bred by Tiddicar breeder Mr Leonard Crook out of ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ dau Selene sired by ch Hellingly Ajax – The Mhor, a winner of over 30 prizes, chiefly in Variety Classes, including Best Non-Sporting three times. His chief wins in breed classes are First and Second Edinburgh ‘32 ; 3 Thirds at Harrogate ’33 ; 2 Firsts, Second in Open Dog and 2 Specials at Essex Championship Show ’33, and a res cc at Edinburgh ’34 under Mr G Wallwork - cc ch Hellingly Ajax –. At right dd Jan ’34 - Mrs Averil Hallett née Streatfeild, daughter of Colonel Sir Henry Streatfeild of Lochinch Castle Wigtownshire Scotland, with her Mastiff 'bridesmaid'.

At left – 1st prize card dd 1891, the year ch Jack Thyr b '86 - ch His Majesty' Canute' day Lady Canute ex - see insert at left - ch Orlando -,  bred by the Belgian Rev Henry K E Van Doorne and Ayrshire' sis Seabreeze b '88 bred by Mrs Geo Willins - ch Beau' dau ch Cambrian Princess ex ch Beaufort - got the resp Crufts challenge awards under the youngster Mr Charles Court Rice '61-36. At right – Spratts trading card, part of a dog series of eight by the artist Reuben Ward Binks '80-50, recognised as the leading artist of his day in canine portraiture, not only in the UK but abroad. Binks was commissioned to paint the famous Terrier Caesar for King Edward VII and some of the favourite dogs of Queen Alexandra. He also painted Clumber Spaniels for King George V, Cairns for King Edward VIII (then Prince of Wales), Retrievers for King George VI (then the Duke of York), Terriers for the Duke of Gloucester (then Prince Henry), Alsatians for the late Duke of Kent (then Prince George), and pets of Princess Victoria (sister of King George V).

At left - Reprint - 29.8 cm/41.3 cm - of a gouache signed ‘R Ward Binks 1917’, subtitled ‘ The Dogs of the Allies’ and manufactured by the Manchester’ Printing Co ‘George Falkner & Sons’; below the picture between large capitals – ‘Samuel O’Neill & Sons – Linden Mill’ - are remains of a calendar, presumably meant as a Xmas or New Year' gift for clients of this Rochdale firm specialised in making paper tubes.


As Binks commented in an interview with Mr Freeman Lloyd in ‘31 , ‘Nearly all the prominent dog owners of England have given me commissions, ... ‘. One of them could have been Mr Horatio Bottomley, the newspaper tycoon of Upper Dicker nr Eastbourne, well-known within the canine world as the owner of the Waterloo Cup winner, ch Fullerton the Greyhound, for whom he commissioned the artist Richard Hewitt Moore, also of Mastiff fame, to make a large stunning bronze sculpture. Being an ultra-patriot during the years of World War I, it’s quite possible that in '17 he also commissioned the artist Reuben Ward Binks ’80-50 to portray his dogs incl ch Brompton Duke, labeled in an Our Dogs' advert as - 'a landmark within the Mastiff breed' -, within a scenery of ‘The Dogs of the Allies’. Note – Mr Horatio Bottomley '60-33 purchased him at 3 1/2 year-old when put up for sale at a considerable £1000 at Crufts ’14.

A year later, Mr Horatio Bottomley’ name was linked with that of the gentleman charlatan Sir Brodrick Hartwell in a court case relating to failed national sweepstakes. In the Kings Bench dd '10 the libel action brought by the Rev Ralph Owen Yearsley, Rector of Sutton Bonnington Leics – btw Mastiff breeder a/o Anlaf b '76 - ch Turk' dau Chloe ex the Wynnes’ ch King' son Monarch - , against the proprietors & printers of the  John Bull newspaper founded by Mr Horatio Bottomley dd '06 -, was settled. What Rev Yearsley complained of were assertions that he had caused his daughter, a lady years of age with a medical condition, to be put under control under the Lunacy Act, without sufficient reason.


Back to the artist Reuben Ward Binks who moved to New York and in ‘29 commissioned by Mrs Geraldine Rockefeller Dodge - niece of the famous millionaire John D Rockefeller - to paint portraits of her dogs at Giralda Farms in Madison New Jersey. He became a frequent visitor painting - done in gouache on either paper or thin board - every dog in her kennels over the following decade. He died in '50 at his home The Cedars May Pole Terrace Temple Sowerby Westmorland UK.

The first of a three-paged article by Mr Arthur Croxton-Smith  ’65-52 OBE, of Wandle Bloodhound kennels Burlington House Upper Tooting, who did a lot to repopularise an Old English breed at  low ebb. - The greying Mastiff in the pics is ch Miss Bull b '16 - ch British Monarch' dau Ben-Ma-Chree ex ch Young Mary Bull' brother Young John Bull -.

He awarded following Mastiff dog certificates ~ 1926 Joseph Evans’ ch Prince ; ‘28 Miss MC Kennett’ ch Bulger , reserve ch Havengore Bill ; ‘32 Captain F Samuelson’ ch Michael ; ‘34 Mrs EG Oliver’ Trelyon Dick by ch Hellingly Joseph; ‘37 Mrs EG Oliver’ Hellingly Mark; ‘38 Havengore Bill' double grandson ch Havengore Christopher. 


Mr Arthur Croxton Smith began his own neatly edited monthly magazine called ‘The Kennel‘ in ’10, each one counting about seventy pages incl many adverts but mainly educative articles by different authors illustrated with quality photographs.

The same year he published his ‘Everyman’s book of the dog‘ in which he wrote about the Mastiff – ‘ When the valiant Sir Peers Legh, of Lyme Hall Cheshire, fell wounded at the Battle of Agincourt, the story runs that his body was guarded through the long night watched by a Mastiff bitch which had followed him to the war. Lord Newton still has a strain at Lyme Hall, which, it is claimed, has come down in unbroken descent from the fifteenth century. This is perfectly credible, for the Mastiff is undoubtedly one of the bluest-blooded dogs indigenous to these islands. - Edit - ???? 


The Romans found him established here when they arrived. It may be that the Phoenicians brought him from Asia, for we read in early records of the presence of enormous dogs in several Oriental countries, which were unquestionably of this type. The bas-reliefs in the Assyrian room at the British Museum give graphic depictments of dogs so like the Mastiff of to-day that we may trace his beginnings to them without any demand upon the imagination. We can well believe that in troublous times, when property and person were alike insecure, a powerful animal of this description would be a valuable asset to any man.


In the days of the Normans and Plantagenets the strict laws preserving forest rights permitted farmers and freeholders to keep Mastiffs for the defence of their houses within the borders of a forest provided they had been mutilated by the amputation of three claws from the forefeet, which would render, them useless for chasing game.

Coming to the past century, when a great impetus was given to the variety, we find a fine tribute in the pages of Stonehenge – ‘The Mastiff is remarkable for the combination of his general development. The conformation of the head bespeaks an unusual brain power, which is under admirable control. He is a creature of strong and sincere attachment to man, endowed with a wonderful power of discrimination and true nobility of character, all of which he freely exercises in the interests of those for whom alone he seems to live. He is by nature docile and gentle to a fault. He lays aside his giant strength to unite in the gambols of the child with the same spirit of tenderness and grace. If his conduct be otherwise, it bespeaks his origin in the mongrel or nondescript races. The well-bred Mastiff allies himself to man as his friend, to whom he becomes the closest companion, and serves him with the truest devotion and sincerity. This animal should not be subjected to the restraint of the chain; if he is, whether young or old, he will be inevitably spoiled in outward form as well as temper.’ This remark about chaining applies to any dog, the constant straining pulling the body out of shape, while the temper is bound to be soured by the unnatural confinement.

An advert published in ‘The Kennel’ June ‘11 - Mr William Prowse Jones ’70-14, of Wood Hall Pinner Middlesex, was a music publisher & chairman of the well-known theatrical ticket agency 'Keith, Prowse & Co' 162 New Bond-street London. His King Edward b '02 & bred by Mr Robert John Burch - Chieftain' daughter Niobe sired by Mellnotte - , got a res cc at Richmond '04 under Mr Midgley Marsden - cc his paternal nephew Invicta' son Black Prince bred/owned by Mr Arthur W Lucas.

Mr Prowse-Jones bred a litter dd Aug '10 out of Astarte sired by his King Edward resulting in a/o George purchased by Baron Oscar Ernst von Ernsthausen ‘74-22, of The Manor House Ditton Hill, who was - quote - 'connected to the Stock Exchange but his spare time is given to music and some of his compositions have already been published' .

Two of George' littermates, Woodhall Beta & Woodhall Teddy, were shown by Mr Prowse Jones at Crufts '12. Unfortunately, due to heart failure, he died two years later at his country place Wood Hall Pinner some fifteen mls NW of London City.

What is the matter with the Mastiff of to-day? Rarely now do we see the well-filled classes and noble animals which were observable at any big show ten years or so ago. One of our oldest breeders says – ‘The rage for exceedingly short muzzles which existed a few years ago, and which still exists to some extent , has probably had much to do with it , as the majestic appearance has been lost to some extent.' Practically the same view is held by Dr J Sidney Turner, who has done as much for the breed as any man living . Writing in the Kennel Encyclopaedia , he says – ‘ There is no nobler-looking dog and but few nobler-looking animals than a well-proportioned and active Mastiff , but there are few more pitiable sights than a crippled giant. What would be thought of the handsomest man with an arched back and twisted legs, of the finest-headed thoroughbred horse without a sound leg to stand upon? Then why should the head of a dog alone for all other defects in structure? If Mastiffs of the present day do not hold that high place in the mind of the public which they did in the eighties, it is because the absurd craze for the shorter heads has caused neglect of other characters, so that the dog has degenerated into a monstrosity. There are still some excellent specimens left, and if careful breeding were carried on there is no reason why this noble breed of dog should not regain its former position.’ Judges, however, must be relentless in discarding from the prize lists those specimens whose lives must be a burden to themselves and whose existence finds but little justification in the eyes of those who desire an animal which shall combine beauty of form with strength and agility. 


Naturally, the rearing of such a big dog from puppyhood calls for a certain amount of skill, but it is worth the trouble involved. One has to be careful not to overfeed, and meals must be frequent. Exercise needs to be given with discrimination, not too much to the point of weariness, and yet sufficient to prevent the whelp getting gross and soft. Good bone-forming food is a necessity or we shall be but producing a cripple. The adult Mastiff is an abnormally heavy creature, sometimes weighing well over 160 lb. The bone must, therefore, be of great strength and quality to sustain such a weight without forcing the legs out of shape.' - Mr Arthur Croxton-Smith was Kennel Club Chairman from '37 until '48 aged 83!

At left dd July ’34 – ch Hellingly Joy b Feb ’29 – ch Wantley Joy ex ch Hellingly Joseph –.  A small child in the company of a huge but good-natured Mastiff  has always been a perfectly endearing photographic match. A small adult forming the reference often misleads - intentionally or not - the real size of the Mastiff 'in the picture'. 

Centre dd Aug ’35 – The Mastiff Roy with Miss Doris Lumsden of Scottish Dundee, also the town of Mastiff fancier Mr Arthur Eaton Leighton, publican of Inverpark cottage Castle Terrace. One of the then very few breeders over there was Mr George Shand Jr - see also Miscellanea Nine -, master baker & general merchant of ‘Hamewith’ 10 Market Square Inverbervie - ca forty miles North, who owned Mr Greenwoods ch Duke’ dau Lady Julia, perhaps related to Miss Doris Lumsden' Roy.

At right dd Oct ’35 - Mrs Jessie Wilson Oliver' ch Hellingly Patricia b Nov ’30 – ch Hellingly Joseph’ dau ch H- Josephine ex ch Hellingly Joseph – whose quite extensive show career was peculiar. In '32 she only got a 3rd in Limit class at Edinburgh under Mr Chris Houlker, and 2nd in Limit Class at Harrogate '34 under Mr Nevill Walker Hall, but in the five shows between July – October '35 she, already aged 4 1/2+, received not less than four cc's   resp under Messieurs Crabtree – res Mr Crook' Selene -, Chris Houlker - res ch Hellingly Duchess -, Geo Wallwork - res ch Hellingly Duchess -, and Fred Cleminson - res ch Hellinly Beta -. A quartette of gentlemen perhaps not that free from 'judging the end of the lead...' -

Why there’s an ‘Old English Sheepdog’ but not an 'Old English Mastiff’? Speculating back in times before the inception of the Kennel Club in 1873, there’s almost no way of finding the wording ‘Old English Sheepdog’ in then newspapers, that sharply in contrast to the several hundred examples referring to the 'Old English Mastiff', to name but one - that grand breeder of the early days Mr Thomas H V Lukey steadfast labeled his dogs in adverts as such.


But, alas, at the end the breed lost its dignified ‘Old English' epithet. One of the worthy ‘Old English Mastiff' diehards of the post-war II period was the classy breeder-judge and breed historian Mrs Betty Baxter '24-17. Styled like Mr T H V Lukey more than a century before, she seemingly always headed her many differently illustrated black adverts with 'Betty Baxter (and Denis Baxter) - The Farnaby (and Lesdon) Kennel - The Old English Mastiff’, followed by a Farnaby photograph of p ex Touch of Class, ch Fraze & Fable, ch Fringe Benefit - see at left -, Front Runner, Armistice Day, &c.

Good to know the ‘Old English Mastiff Club est 1883' in her present-day website not any longer claims the breed under the rigid wording ‘Mastiff’, but ‘English Mastiff’. It’s to be wished, it further will change to its former glory, the ‘Old English Mastiff’!

At left from a Dundee newspaper dd Oct ’35, and arguably another photograph depicting Dundee' Miss Doris Lumsden’ Mastiff Roy, a breed then quite rare in Dundee & surrounding area. - Patting on the head by an unknown human might be felt threatening, but in this case of a large dog and his wee ‘mate' it seems a rather common but awkward expression of doggy affection.

Centre dd May ’36 – South-African Mastiff owned by Captain Algernon Strickland of Apperley Court Tewkesbury Gloucs and, reportedly, - ‘the only one of his kind in England’ – It’s recorded that in '28 the diamond mining co De Beers imported Bull-Mastiffs to South Africa to guard the mines. The history of the South-African Boerboel breed says many breeds were involved into the early breeding, amongst them the Mastiff. The utterly unacceptable and shameless practice of dock-tailing is still going on, a/o in the Boerboel breed. –


Above at right dd July ’36 – Miss Elizabeth G Bowles, daughter of Mansatta breeder Mr Fred Bowles of Hammercliffe Lodge nr Leicester, with arguably the sister pair ch Petronella & Prunella – ch Havengore Bill' dau Hermia ex ch Uther Penarvon –. Mr Bowles (in her booklet Mrs Patricia B Hoffman however writes it was Mrs Scheerboom?) bred a litter out of Prunella ex ch Havengore Christopher which produced Hammercliffe Gyn exported in ‘42 to the American Altnacraig breeder Mrs Jane Foster-Clark who sent her to Knockrivoch breeder Mr John H Leitch of Pennsylvania. Hammercliffe Gyn became the paternal grand-dam of the early post-WWII Am import Valiant Diadem. 

Here at right - Herga Pluto b '32 & bred by Miss Ianthe Bell - ch Westcroft Blaise' dau Lady Hildur ex ch Uther Penarvon - who sired Hammercliffe Remus and, according to Mrs Marie A Moore, exported to the Am fancier Mr Charles King Jr - Tuxedo road Atlanta -,  together with Prunella. Mrs Moore' information became contradicted by Mrs Patricia P Hoffman writing - 'Rather surprisingly, four dogs were listed from England, three of which were sent to Titus at Manthorne: Prunella A428,823, &c...' - One of those breed historical data which are, to say the least, rather confusing.

At left dd Sept ‘28 - Press photograph  subtitled – ‘Regent' Park London - At the Dog Show With Booby Prizes - ‘Beauty & The Beast, In Very Good Care, A Small Exhibitor With Two Of The Largest Dogs In Show, Old English Mastiffs’. - w/out further details.  The photo was taken about the time the Olivers got an utterly fast but firm hold on the show dog scene, and their catching enthusiasm in all kind of fresh-aired breed promotion might have been a relevant factor in really kicking off the  until then slowly running post-WWI breed uprise, that throughout the next eight years or so. –

Centre – two articles, resp dd Nov ’34 & Jan ’37. - At right dd June ’33 - Photograph of Mrs Jessie Wilson Oliver neé Paton b ’89-76 illustrating a LKA article which mentions – ‘The curly-coated Retriever is one of the breeds which had fallen on evil days. Labradors, Golden Retrievers, and Springers had all ousted him from favour.’ - Mrs Jessie Wilson Oliver née Paton, of Hellingly kennels, fancied and bred not only Old English Mastiffs, but French Bulldogs and curly-coated Retrievers as well.

At left - Drawing dd 1880 by the illustrator John Dinsdale depicting a/o the magnicent looking Nero b Aug ’77 & bred by Sir Thomas George Fermor Hesketh '49-24 5th Bart of Rufford Hall, MP for Preston – Nero’ dau Flora ex Mr Hanbury' ch Rajah  - was owned by his sis Miss Constance Maria Hesketh b ’54, of 27 Leyland road Southport Lancs. Miss Hesketh’ Nero got 2nd prize at Birmingham ’79, 1st prize at Birmingham ’80 and 2nd at Crystal Palace, ending up in ’81 with a 2nd prize at Alexandra Palace, 1st in champion class at Birmingham, and a 2nd at Crystal Palace. - Also in the drawing - the clownish face of the famous English Bulldog bitch Venom b ‘77 & bred by Mr Harry Layton - Mr Vero Shaw' Sepoy' dau Rose ex Mr Blewitt' Crib -, and resp owned by the Bulldog authority Mr James Wm Berrie, and Richard James Hartley of Broom House Bowdon nr Altrincham. - Venom was reportedly - 'a lightish brindle, of grand style and quality, of medium size.' -

Artist John Dinsdale ’45-15 contributed to many popular periodicals including the Illustrated London News, The Graphic and Punch. He was particularly well known for his illustrations in the Girls Own Paper and his leading contributions to the periodical Fun, which was created as a competitor to the extremely popular Punch mag. He published a number of works containing his own illustrations including sketches of London, theatrical sketches, and many scenic views in the popular seaside town of Whitby, renowned for its relation to the horror novel Dracula.

Above at right – Drawing by Mr Richard H Moore on the occasion of the Birmingham Dog Show dd Dec ’82 including No 7, Bosco II - French for Boatswain II - b Nov 80 & bred by Mrs Elizabeth Cunliffe Lee, of the 17th C New House – see here at right - Penshurst road Penshurst, whose original brood was Venus b '75 & bred by Mr Nichols - ch Turk' double granddaughter Jenny sired by ch Wolsey' brother Prince -. Mated to Big Ben’ son Hereward she produced Sybil KCSB 9358 b Aug ’78. Sybil mated to ch The Emperor, produced Bosco II - see drawing - successively owned by Messieurs Edwin Nichols and George Horatio Jones b ‘44, dentist of 57 Great Russell Street London. Bosco II got a/o 1st prize & cup at Hertford '82 and the judge report says - 'has the framing of a good Mastiff of much the type of ch Pontiff but at the moment he wants filling out behind.' Mated to ch Beau’ dau Juno, he produced Victor IV whixh sired ch Victor Hugo bred/owned by Mr E Nichols. Ch Victor Hugo great-grandsired ch Peter Piper whose pedigree contains another Sybil which, mated to ch Ilford Chancellor, produced PP’ maternal grand-dam Chocolate Girl b March '87.

Quite odd to find out the KCSB data, particularly the dam side, are not the same for the well-known brindle brothers Mr Wm Shearer-Clark' Leyton Jim and ch Peter Piper, ie both b March 4rd '93 and bred by Mr H G Woolmore, both times sired by ch Ogilvie’ son Tom Bowling, but Leyton Jim out of Sir Stafford' dau Selina b '90, and ch Peter Piper out of Selina 20,790, the latter KCSB number referring to Selma born Aug ’85 & bred by a ‘Mr Hanshaw’  out of his Juno sired by his Bruce VII -, and owned in ’86 by Mr Soloman Field of Adolphus House Gloucester road Brownswood Park London who once owned Bruce VII  - Lady ex Mr Martin' Sultan -, breeder and date of birth unknown; colour, orange. Bruce VII, transferred to Mr E A Cheeseman of 62 Brownswood road South Hornsey London, was a 4th prize winner at Crystal Palace '85.

Supposed Peter Piper was produced by Selma bred by Mr Hanshaw, than she would have been aged 7 ½. The Kennel Club Stud Books did not mention any rectification in years to come which, in case of Peter Piper’ later fame, seems a bit curious.

At left – The historically very important Countess b ‘59 bred/owned by Mr T H V Lukey - Bruce II' dau Duchess ex Bruce II -, the latter tracing back to the Marquis of Hertford' blackish Pluto born in the early 1830s. Countess got 1st prize at Leeds '61, and 2rd & 3rd prizes at the Agricultural Hall Islington resp in ’62 & ’64. Mated to Captain John Garnier' Lion, she produced Mr Lukey' famous stud Governor. Centre - the Hon Mrs Katherine Sarah Colvile b ‘27-12, who owned a Lyme Hall Mastiff, 2nd prize winner at Birmingham '62 – 1st ch Duchess & 3rd ch Duchess' dam Empress - both owned by Mr Hanbury - see also print by Mr Harrison Weir in Miscellanea Nine -. At right – At hundred yards from the Colviles’ Lullington Hall stands the ‘Colvile Arms' where Petty Sessions were held by Mr C R Colvile and Sir Mylles Cave-Browne-Cave, Bart.

Mr M B Wynne described Mrs K S Colvile' Mastiff as - 'long in head and houndy in ear' -. In 1862 Mr M B Wynne was only 10 years old, so he must had it from hearsay, probably from Mastiff Breeding Club member Mr Edgar Hanbury or from viewing  Mr Harrison Weir' drawing of Birmingham '62 prize winners incl Mrs Colvile Lyme Mastiff - see at right -.


Mr Colvile had been connected with the hunts of the Meynell and Atherstone Hounds all her life; in '52 Mrs Colvile and the Misses Meynell were the only lady followers. Her husband Mr Charles Robert Colvile, of Lullington Hall Burton-on-Trent, and Lord William John Legh of Lyme Hall - ca fifty mls NW - were both Members of Parliament. Their son Sir Henry Colvile became a major-general in the 2nd Boer War fighting at the Battle of Modder River.

‘The House of Lyme compiled from documents of the Legh family and from other sources’ by Mr Wm Beamont ‘97–89, solicitor of Orford Hall Warrington, publ dd 1876. - Quote 1 - ‘In the year 1584 there are other acknowledgments, and in particular one from the Queen’s favourite, the too well-known Earl of Leicester, who wrote to Sir Peter not only thanking him for a hind which had been sent him, but also for the present of a hound, which, if this dog was one of the breed now so celebrated at Lyme, is a curious circumstance, and shows how early they were known there. There are some lines in a modern periodical which mention the Lyme Mastiff, but it does not appear where the author got his authority for the name: - Slow she tracks him, and sure as a Lyme hound sudden she grips him. Crushing him, blind in his pride for a sign and a terror to mortals! - Church Quarterly Review No 1 167. - We can well understand how terrific an English Mastiff of the best breed would be in the time of Elizabeth, since we are told that Lord Buckhurst, her ambassador to France in 1572, produced before Charles IX an English Mastiff which alone, without any assistance, successively engaged a bear, a leopard, and a lion, and fairly pulled them all to the ground.’ - Quote 2 - 'But following the stag, to the cheering sound of hound and horn, or pursuing and taking the winged four-footed or other game over the breezy hills of Lyme, where the air is as pure and exhilarating as ether, were not the only amusements Sir Peter’ friends and visitors found at Lyme.' - Note - the blue marked sentence arguably refers to Mr H D Kingdon.


At left - 'Keeper Bullock gralloching a Buck' by The Master J.H., probably Jerome Hesketh - fl.1647-1666 – Collection Lyme Cheshire, Accredited Museum National Trust. The Spaniel-like hounds in the painting seem to show about no likeness to Mastiffs as p ex the one in the painting of Charles I' children.

Researching the House of Lyme, it’d be not surprising Mr Wm Beamont already found out that Mr Harry de Spencer Kingdon was, to say the least, a less reliable source. Mr Kingdon, sobriqueted 'the Prince of cranks’ of Colyton Devon,  wrote a/o a 15-paged pamphlet for the book - 'Dogs, their Whims and pecularities’, edited by Mr Henry Webb – pseud of Mr Henry Fennell Whitcombe '32-87, solicitor of Lambeth London - and published dd ‘73 by ‘Dean & Son’ St Dunstan' Buildings 160A Fleet street, and Gough Square - London. It was the first book which offered photographs of well-known prize dogs.

The reprint of Mr Kingdon' pamphlet was published by Dog Ink 46 Cooper lane Larchmont NY, a firm which way back in the 1990s was so kind to send it over together with an exceptionally valuable A2 portfolio album containing Mastiff memorabilia all kind carefully arranged in 50+ sheet protectors, and arguably had belonged to some American first-class Mastiff fancier/collector.

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