Mr Thomas Henry Veale Lukey - according to the census 1881 born at Devon’port town Bideford* 1804 - 1882
‘I well remember the kind hearted , generous old fancier , with his short burly figure , so thoroughly English , proposing a short walk across the common , taking his dogs with him ; he insisted on our calling at a posting house , and much to my horror ordered a gallon of beer [4 ½ liters] ; I was quite young [1852-1909] at the time , and not accustomed to imbibing any quantity of liquor , but he would have my quart flagon [½ liter] filled . I asked him numerous questions about the pedigrees of his dogs , and finding he was somewhat confused , took pencil and paper , and made notes , whereupon [in somewhat an uneasy manner I thought] he asked if I was going to write a book about it . He kept pressing me to drink the beer , which I had no intention of doing , and watching my opportunity , when his back was turned , I emptied my flagon into his , a boyish and not very manly expedient perhaps , but the result was satisfactory to both parties , as I kept my head clear, and he quafted the lot with the greatest relish seemingly , and no inconvenience or alteration , beyond that it caused him to be more voluble and communicative .
I mention these particulars for two-fold reason , first to take the opportunity should these pages ever fall into the hands of a youthful fancier , to show him the folly, and want of manhood really , in not refusing flatly to imbibe more than he is accustomed to . In thorough but mistaken nature many old fanciers press a youngster or fresh acquaintance to partake freely , the result unhappily being that many men get led into bad habits , and their moral conduct and self respect ruined through their ‘acquaintance with the fancy’ as it is termed , but should be more correctly ‘by their acquaintances in the fancy’. On the part of everyone , it is only courtesy to offer one’s guest , and a stranger , the best refreshment one’s means admit of , but it is not really either gentlemanly or kind to press liquor. While on the part of the youthful fancier or stranger , it shows a decided want of manhood and a want of that intuitive self respect which every real gentleman possesses, when they are led or persuaded through company to partake of more than their head will carry , or retain all their faculties .
Whenever any man enters into a public fancy of this kind either dogs , horses , poultry , or even cattle , he will subject to temptations , and it remains for him to strike out his own line ; at the same time for those who fall into excess continually , I can only express my utmost disgust , as well as pity , for after twenty years experience as a Mastiff breeder , exhibitor , and a public judge , I must say it is a fancier’s own fault if he lets his hobby lead him astray or into bad company . It is the man who lower the fancy , not the fancy which necessarily lowers the man . In these remarks I am not writing a temperance lecture merely , nor do I believe [like some fanatical philantropists or reclaimed drunkards] in total abstinence , or see the necessity or advantage of it ; my object is to vindicate the fancy , and elevate it in my own way as far as lies in my power , how far or otherwise , others may coincide with my views .’ sic MB Wynn’ sermon pp 175 & 176 .
MB Wynn’ The History of the Mastiff mentions at page 172 ~ ‘Mr Lukey was the son of a Kentish Squire ; as a young man he went into the coal trade , having his place of business in Milford Lane’ .
Until 1870 when Victoria Embankment was opened , the edge of the Thames was only feet away from the southern end of the Lane and here there was a landing stage where coal and provisions brought by water were unloaded . From there the cargo was carried up the steep flight of steps , still in existence , to awaiting carts in Essex Street . On the corner of Little Essex Street is the Cheshire Cheese public house serving excellent Courage ales and at lunchtime [weekdays only] a fine compliment of snacks . At its northern end Milford Lane enters the Strand just to the south of St Clement Danes Church .
At left ~ Clusters of men arguing at the Coal Exchange; an engraving by Rowlandson & Pugin , coloured by Hill
As already stated in ‘The blue & other blood of the Victorian Mastiff’ it was THV Lukey’ brother who as a Captain on Sea was involved with world-wide trading . Maybe the Lukeys descended from a trade family ; in this respect there’s an interesting text of a handwritten insurance paper for the ship ‘Lukey’ , dating 1803 February 18 Cape Francais , stating ~ What premium will be asked on ship ‘Lukey’, Whipple - Master from Cape Francais to New Orleans on vessel $2000 ; valued at the sum $2000 cargo as interest shall appear will of service & detention in fact -BM Mumford . This vessel was to sail from Cape Francais at about the … for Green & Lovell . Signed by Lea Rick .
Show results awarded to THV Lukey’ Mastiffs bred and or owned by him ~ Countess KC No 2362 » 1st , Leeds 1861; 2nd , Agricultural Hall Islington in 1862 & 1864 [Hanbury’ Duchess 1st] ~ Governor KC No 2294 » 3rd , Agricultural Hall Islington 1862 [Hanbury’ Duchess 1st] ; 2rd Agricultural Hall Islington 1863 [Hanbury’ Duchess 1st] ; 3rd Agricultural Hall Islington 1864 [Hanbury’ Duchess 1st] ~ Baron KC No 2282 » extra prize , Dairy Farm Islington 1869 [ch Turk 1st , Turk’ brother Prince 2nd , ch King 3rd] ; 1st , Crystal Palace 1870 [ch King champion prize] ~ Beauty KC No 2355 » 1st , Dairy Farm Islington 1869 ; champion prize , Crystal Palace 1870 ; champion prize , Crystal Palace 1871 .
At left ~ Chatsworth House , nearby the Peak District , located the Duke of Devonshire’ Mastiff strain a/o THV Lukey’ foundation bitch old bobtailed Countess . See the cows wading in the Derwent at low level ; at right ~ An engraving by L Wells ~ Butterworth & Heath , alike those of Lukey’ Governor & Lukey’ Wallace [owned by Weller] ; the latter two were used to illustrate Stonehenge’ [ Dr John Henry Walsh ] chapters about the Mastiff in his successive publications of ‘Dogs of Great Britain & America’ . A pecularity in all three engravings by L Wells is the definite want of forechest which disturbs the overall balance of the depicted specimens . So one is inclined to suppose the above drawing shows another one of Lukey’ breedings from the 1860ties descending from the renowned Chatsworth breed .
If Colonel David Carrick-Buchanan’ Mastiffs also went back to the Chatsworths isn’t known but the above painting by the Scottish artist Gourlay Steell RSA [1819-1894] is really stunning . The celebrated ‘Drumpellier pugs' also by Gourlay Steell dated 1867] were bred and/or owned by a member of the ancient Carrick-Buchanan family , listed in the Burke's Landed Gentry, including prominent landowners , diplomats , members of the armed forces and the Church , merchant bankers , Provosts of Glasgow, Justices of the Peace , a US president , and a merchant who dabbled in illegal imports , fought against King Charles II, and eventually became an outlaw . Col David Carrick-Buchanan resided at the Corsewall Estate ~ Drumpellier [nr Glasgow] .
Over the years the laird' descendants succeeded to, or acquired , further estates such as those of Glenny and Gartocharan and later Mount Vernon , Drumpellier & Corsewall . In the XVIIth century George Buchanan , a Justice of the Peace, was listed in Burke' as a Glasgow merchant at a time when Scots merchants traded widely with England and continental markets such as France , Holland , Scandinavia and the Baltic States . He pursued the trade in tobacco , using the European continent as an indirect conduit for importing the valuable leaf from plantations in Virginia .
George's financial success meant he was then also able to invest in sugar and cotton plantations in Virginia and , in 1735 , to purchase the estate of Drumpellier in Lanarkshire . Another , more distant , branch went on to produce the fifteenth president of the United States , President James Buchanan [1791-1868] . Back in Scotland, in 1821, the family name Buchanan incorporated the added surname of Carrick as a result David Buchanan of Drumpellier was left substantial property by Robert Carrick , son of the manse and family tutor . David Carrick Buchanan was also to make a fortune , enabling him to rebuild the family tobacco business . Meanwhile another estate in Lanarkshire had been named ‘Mount Vernon’ after the Virginian plantation home of George Washington, a neighbouring estate to that of the Buchanans who were part of the social circle of this founding father of the United States .
Considering the families of David Carrick-Buchanan [1825-1904] & Edgar Hanbury [see a coming article about this great breeder] were both one way or another involved with the tobacco business , it’s maybe possible that the painted specimens were bred by the last named …
THV Lukey & Abbas I of Egypt
Abbas I 1812-1854 aka Abbas Hilmi I Pasha was the Wāli of Egypt & Sudan . He was a son of Tusun Pasha and a grandson of Muhammad Ali , founder of the reigning Muhammad Ali Dynasty of Egypt & Sudan . The Chambers Biographical Dictionary says of him – ‘bigoted and sensual , he did much to undo the progress made under Muhammad Ali .’
As a young man he fought in the Levant under his uncle Ibrahim Pasha . Muhammad Ali Pasha was removed from office on September 1, 1848, on account of mental weakness . He was replaced by his adopted son Ibrahim Pasha who reigned briefly as Regent of Egypt & Sudan from September 1, 1848 until his death on November 10 1848 . The death of Ibrahim made Abbas I in turn Regent of Egypt & Sudan from November 10, 1848 until August 2, 1849 at which time Abbas became the reigning Wali of Egypt and Sudan until July 13, 1854 .
He has been often described as a mere voluptuary , but Nubar Pasha spoke of him as a true gentleman of the ‘old school’ . He was seen as reactionary , morose and taciturn , and spent nearly all his time in his palace . He undid , as far as lay in his power , the works of his grandfather, both good & bad . Among other things he abolished trade monopolies , closed factories & schools and reduced the strength of the region' army to 9,000 men .
He was inaccessible to adventurers bent on plundering Egypt & Sudan of riches but at the insistence of the British government , he allowed the construction of a railway from Alexandria to Cairo . In 1843 Abbas formed friendly ties with the Arab princes and leaders and engineered the escape of Prince Faisal ibn-Saud , exalted spiritual leader of the Wahabbis , from the Citadel of Cairo where the Wahabbi Prince had been held for ransom .
Among his personal interests was the breeding of Arabian horses continuing a breeding program begun by his grandfather Muhammad Ali . While Egypt was not particularly known for horse-breeding in the time , the rulers of Egypt obtained horses as payment for taxes & tribute . Muhammad Ali & Abbas I both recognized the unique characteristics and careful attention to bloodlines of the horses bred by the bedouin , particularly in the Anazeh & the Nejd . Thus each ruler accumulated significant numbers of high quality animals through both diplomacy & force . In July 1854 he was murdered in Benha Palace by two of his slaves . It is said that he was assassinated by two of his servants because of his extreme cruelty to those who worked for him .
The article about ‘Abbas Pacha and his dog’ was published in the North Devon Journal dd Oct 27th 1853 . It mentions a ‘Mastiff of the celebrated Lyme breed’ which certainly doesn’t include the dog was bred by the Legh family of Lyme Hall as in those days there are to be found several newspaper advertisements which allude to Mastiffs of the Lyme breed in order to ‘color’ the description of their perhaps rather average breedings with a doubtful reference to the lore of that particular so-called pure strain .
MB Wynn’ breed booklet p 183 mentions Mr Lukey exported Mastiffs to a/o Egypt (perhaps via his brother Captain John Lukey) in a period which corresponds to the date of the Abbas article and therefore there’s a chance that gigantic Mastiff owned by Abbash Pasha was a brindle sired by Lukey’ Bruce I or Bruce II , studs going back to his originals , ie the Marquis of Hertford’ Pluto and Bobtailed Countess , a brood presumably descending from the famous Chatsworth strain .
Thomas Henry Veale [Veall] Lukey’ privy matters
He was born in Devon’ Bideford [see below] acc to some sources born 1804 , Jan 1805 or 1806 ; his father being Thomas Lukey of Bideford , a tallow* chandler *fat of sheeps or oxes consisting amounts of stearin – foul odors , sooty smoke but cheaper than beeswax for churches] who went bankrupt in 1813 .
His mother Philippa Veale , daughter to Henry Veale of Ploughill , Mid Devon , passed away 12th Februar 1819 , only 43 years old – quote ‘She was a virtuous and tender mother and a dear friend . With patience to the last she did submit - And murmured not at what the Lord thought fit - But with a Christian courage did resign - Her soul to God at his appointed time’ . He had an older sis called Jane b’03 .
THV Lukey married his stepsis Jane Lakey Clarke b 1806 in Surrey ; they had seven children - Harriet Elizabeth b 1834 , Jane b 1835 , Charlotte & Ellen b 1837 , Rose Clarke b 1839 , Francis William Clark b 1841 & Charles Nicholas b 1845 , all born in St-Giles Camberwell except for the latter born in Dulwich . His son ‘Francis William’ married Elizabeth Wood , they moved to ‘Morden’ Waikari , North Canterbury - New Zealand ; see below the portrait of their son ‘Frank William’ b ‘1893 and do notice features similar to his granddad , that great Mastiff breeder .
He underwent his medical examination on 14 Dec 1914 ; place not given , and he attested on 20th Dec 1914 at Trentham . On enlistment he joined , as a private, the Canterbury Infantry Battalion 3rd reinforcements . Prior to enlisting he recorded his prior experience as a member of the Territorials 13th North Canterbury . Note that while he attested on 20 Dec 1914 one of his files has him enlisted on 12 Dec 1914 and his service reckons from the same date . Frank Lukey was a 'farmer by occupation' working for his father Francis William Clark Lukey at Morden . He was single . He left New Zealand on 14 February 1915 with the 3rd reinforcements (1,719 troops) on HMNZT 17 'Maunganui' and arrived in Suez on 26 March 1915 . He was inoculated against typhoid prior to leaving New Zealand on 24 January 1915 and again on 13 March 1915 on board the transport . While on board the transport he spent 13 days in hospital sick [nature of illness not given] and made a ‘complete recovery’ just prior to arriving in Suez on 26 March 1915 . However , for reasons not contained in his file on 12 June 1915 he was attached to the strength of the New Base depot at Mustapha and it was not until 9 July 1915 that he embarked on SS Minnewaska for Gallipoli . He rejoined his unit on 14 July 1915 . On 16 August 1915 he was admitted to St Andrews hospital in Malta suffering from pneumonia , described as ‘dangerously ill’ on 18th Aug and he died on 20 August 1915 . He was buried the same day in the Pieta Cemetery Malta . Frank Wm Lukey had survived about 30 days on Gallipoli prior to his sickness evacuation to Malta.
Description of Frank W Lukey on Enlistment - height: 5 feet 5 1/8 inches, weight: 147 lb , chest measurement minimum 34 inches maximum 37 inches , complexion: dark , colour of eyes: light brown , colour of hair: black , religious profession: Church of England , distinctive marks indicating congenital peculiarities or previous disease . Scar of front right thigh .
Re THV Lukey’ residence at Wimbledon Park , nearby Morden - The Journals of Lewis Llewelyn Dillwyn [1814-1892] , a Welsh industrialist and Liberal politician, mention a/o - John Dillwyn Llewelyn and his wife moved to Wimbledon where they lived at Atherton Grange ; the house cost them £8000 where it is listed in an Account Book for 1879 . John's name first appears in the electoral role for 1880 where his place of residence and qualification to vote is given as a freehold house Atherton Grange , Somerset Road , Wimbledon . The house was probably built after 1850 but before 1869 when it appears on the first edition Ordnance Plan . The land had been previously owned by Mr J A Beaumont and the house , in 1869, by Thomas Henry Veall Lukey [see pic below at left] . In 1877 the house was occupied by John Barrow .
MB Wynn’ The History of the Mastiff – chapter XVII pp 172 – ‘Mr THV Lukey of Wimbledon Park and Morden , Surrey , and subsequently for many years at Locksbottom , Kent , was the son of a Kentish squire , and was born in 1804 , and died August 18 , 1882 .’ So it must be one and same person here . PS – In 1869 he and his wife Jane were master & mistress at the Bromley Union House – Farnborough nr Locksbottom , a working refuge for the indigent poor .
Atherton Grange (see at right) lies in Wimbledon Park , Somerset Road , which runs along the entry to Wimbledon ‘All England Lawn Tennis Club’ , place of the world-oldest [since 1877] and most prestigious tournament and in close neighborhood of Wimbledon House , in the 1790s the home of the exiled French statesman Vicomte de Calonne and later on to the mother of writer Captain Frederick Marryat [Captain Marryat b’87 bred by Wm Shearer Clark gr-grandsired ch Hazlemere Ronald].
Captain Frederick Marryat [1792-1848] , English Royal Navy officer , novelist , and a contemporary & acquaintance of Charles Dickens noted as an early pioneer of the sea story a/o Mr Midshipman Easy, and for a widely used system of maritime flag signalling .Born in London , the son of Joseph Marryat , a ‘merchant prince’ and member of Parliament . After trying to run away to sea several times , he was permitted to enter the Royal Navy in 1806 , as a midshipman on board HMS Imperieuse, a frigate commanded by Lord Cochrane who would later serve as inspiration for Marryat . Marryat's time aboard the Imperieuse included action off the Gironde , the rescue of a fellow midshipman who had fallen overboard , captures of many ships off the Mediterranean coast of Spain, and the capture of the castle of Mongat . When the Imperieuse shifted to operations in the Scheldt, in 1809, he contracted malaria, and returned to England on HMS Victorious .