No 61) Ch Hellingly Ajax , as aforementioned , was especially successful in the ring (notwithstanding being downfaced incl Roman nose) whereas his sis H- Arethrusa b June ‘29 , owned by Cleveland breeder Mr Herbert Cook of Middlesbrough , had a rather restricted show career , ie a 3rd Open at Manchester March ’31 under Mr EG Oliver (cc ch Hellingly Joseph’ daughter Hellingly Honor , 2nd her daughter ch Ileden Volo by ch Cleveland Premier) and a cc at Darlington July ’31 under all-rounder Mr Holland Buckley (2nd Open ch Hellingly Joy , 3rd ch Cleveland Premier’ daughter Poordale Charm) . Here below at left ch Westcroft Blaise , in the middle his daughter Mr/Mrs Oliver’ Lumbering Sheila , dam of Ajax & Arethrusa , at right - Cleveland Comedian .

But Arethrusa compensated it by producing a splendid litter dd Aug ’31 sired by the Cleveland home stud Comedian  (b Jan ’28 & bred by Mr Percy Barritt out of Hardingham Lady Denise sired by Miss Bell’ ch Woden) . It contained three future champions , ie Broomcourt Black Mask (below at left) , Broomcourt Comedienne (below at centre) & Cleveland Hugo (below at right) and thereby Broomcourt Tess , dam of ch Broomcourt Romeo .

It was Mr Herbert Cook’ last Mastiff litter . After his father George’ passing he continued the Cleveland kennels and bred in toto eight litters . The 1st , b July ’26 , out of Collierley Duchess (ch Ashenhurst Cedric ex his paternal aunt Ashenhurst Duchess) sired by ch Cleveland Premier’ brindle brother C- Chancellor resulting in Mr/Mrs Oliver’ Cleveland Yolanda ;  the 2nd , 3rd & 5th out of Princess Bunty (ch King Baldur ex ch Master Beowulf’ sis Lady Kathleen) , resp sired by Chancellor - progeny – Queen Bess & H- Robert , by ch Cleveland Premier -progeny – Hellingly Canute & by Cleveland Comedian (progeny – ch Cleveland Ponorogo) ; the 4th & 6th out of Queen Bess , resp sired by Cleveland Julian (ch Menai Yosemite’ brother Wantley King Baldur ex Collierley Duchess’ sis Langwith Boadicea) which gave Hellingly Antonia & by Cleveland Comedian – progeny – Broomcourt Prince Boris ; the 7th litter was out of ch Arolite’ sis Brenda sired by Comedian – progeny – Ileden Jolly Boy , recipient of a reserve cc at Sheffield Sept ’32 under Dr Aubrey Ireland (cc for ch Cinque Ports Michael) .

No 62) A milestone in the OEMC history was Crufts ’33  where Mr Guy Perceval Greenwood judged the Mastiff classes with a record entry for the South of England of 135 , made up by 48 Mastiffs ; note - at Darlington there has been an entry of 144 . It was thé momentum to celebrate the Club’ fiftieth anniversary . The Our Dogs’ Mems parcel dd Feb  17th  ’33 mentions – ‘All exhibiting members were presented with a circular badge (pale blue in the centre with 1883-1933 in gold surrounded by a darker blue border with The Old English Mastiff Club therein in gold) and a memento of the occasion in the form of a certificate embellished by a group of Mastiff exhibited at Crystal Palace in Aug 1890 (see above) and signed by Mrs Jack Hardy , OEMC President since ’31 , as also by the judge of the day’ . –

So far as known , it’s the first time that the badge is mentioned throughout the existence of the OEMC . The one who defrayed half the cost of the badges supplied to members was Mr Percy Barritt of Mirfield Yorks , known as the breeder of Cleveland Comedian & his brother Mirfield Marksman , the latter maternal grandsire of Broomcourt Nell whose progeny Roxbroom Brian , Griffin’ Boss & Angeles Queen  are behind the ‘originals’ imported after the end of WW-II . Mrs Jack Hardy of Swanston House Whitchurch on Thames owned a/o ch Westcroft Blaise’ brother Swanston Thunderer who got at Crufts ’33 (the OEMC Jubilee show) the prize for best veteran .  At the end of ’48 Mrs Hardy (now Mrs Maurice Burt) resigned as President on going to live in South Africa . Here below a group photo dd 1911 presenting South African fanciers & their dogs , a/o (see blue arrow) perhaps a couple of fawn Mastiffs imported from Great-Britain ; the English all-rounder Mr JJ Holgate was appointed to judge the Great Dane Classes .

A short cameo of the OEMC President 1931-1949 , Mrs Jack Hardy née Frances Elizabeth Cunliffe Goodall , b 1895 . She was the only daughter of Rev Charles Goodall , MA & vicar of St Thomas – High Lane village nr Stockport Manchester , and married , July 1914 , Mr Jack Hardy b 1890 - younger son of Mr George Hardy 1832-1894 of Pickering Lodge Timperley – Cheshire , proprietor of the Hardys Crown Brewery at Hulme – Manchester and renowned botanist , in particular re orchids . He left a legacy exceeding £500.000 . His son Jack joined the Army Service Corps and left for France as Equipment Officer ; he died from pneumonia on October 21th 1918 ,  just a few weeks before Armistice Day .

No 63) Messrs George & Herbert Cook’ Cleveland kennels were , as aforementioned , located at the Middlesbrough’ Cargo Fleet lane in an area called North Ormesby . Mr Frank Jackson of North Ormesby purchased from Mr G Cook a fawn puppy called Gascoigne Queen , at the average cost of £ 5 –5 sh . Queen , b March 5th ’13 , was out of ch Felix’ granddaughter Cleveland Belle sired by ch Felix’ son Heatherville Duke . Mr Jackson bred two litters from Gascoigne Queen both sired by Mr Cook’ stud Adamite , 1) b May ’19 containing Mrs Constance Kenneth’ male ch Weland (see above at right next to an Our Dogs’ advert dd Dec 07 mentioning the Cooks’ 2nd residence) & 2) b July ’20 containing  Leetside Glad Eye (see below at left) , owned by Mr Robert McDougal of Coldstream Scotland and recipient of two cc’s , ie under Miss Cecile M Garland & Our Dogs’ editor Mr Theo Marples , reserves resp for Mr G Cook’ duet ch Cleveland Premier’ maternal uncle MacDuff & Adamite .

Ch Weland got his three cc’s successively at Richmond July ’20 under Mr Mark Beaufoy (reserve Mr RFW Conquest’ Collyhurst Squire) , at KC Crystal Palace Nov ’20 under Mr WK Taunton (reserve Collyhurst Squire’ son Beeches Brunna owned by MR GD Penny) and finally at Crufts ’22 under Mr Robt Leadbetter (2nd & 3rd Open for the ch brothers Master Beowulf & Bricket Hood) whereafter Weland became purchased by Mr Charles W Dickinson of Wingfield kennels – Toronto Canada . Mr Dickinson bred (at least) two litters sired by ch Weland , 1) out of Beowulf’ sis Princess Mary (Prince Lie A Bed’ son Wingfield Priam ex ch Lidgett Viscount’ niece Parkgate Duchess) resulting in Wingfield Orlando , sire to Betty owned by MCOA President Fred J Beier who mated her to another British import , ie Thor des Isles (b’26 & bred by Mrs John Evans out of Jersey Queen sired by her son ch Prince) , amongst their offspring were Bayberry Juno & St Paul’ Maizie , both behind ‘originals’ imported after WW-II ; 2) out of Wingfield Gwenfra (ch Beowulf ex Princess Mary’ daughter Knollwood Mary) which gave Wingfield Eanfleda , dam to the same Betty owned by Mr Beier , thus Betty being the result of a half brother/sis mateing towards ch Weland .There’s only one KCSB reg litter sired by ch Weland , namely dd Aug ’22 out of Jessica (Ruthless Defender’ brother King of North ex Stapleford Pedro’ daughter Marwood Pride) . And it seems to have been an important one for British Post-WWI breeding as amongst their progeny there were

1) Brunhilde , dam of that famous ‘Hardingham’ litter , a/o Cleveland Comedian’ dam H- Lady Denise & H- Lady Lydia , maternal granddam to ch Cinque Ports Michael , ch Hellingly Ajax & Mr H Cook’ Arethrusa (which means that Mr H Cook’ famous Comedian/Arethrusa litter - ch’s  Black Mask , Comedienne & Hugo - goes back along both parents to one of those Hardingham sisters Denise & Lydia) ; 2) Portia , dam of Miss Margaret Penelope Allin’ Cadwallader (see above at left pic in adulthood) & Pinxton Lady , the latter dam of Menai Victoria (see above in the centre) who , mated to ch Woden , produced two ch’s – Ursula & Helga and thereby the splendidly headed Hellingly Lady Here -1 cc- (see above at right) owned by Mr/ Mrs Oliver ; 3) Westcroft Shiela , dam to Mr Ben Bennett’ foundation brood Broomcourt Shiela & maternal granddam to Benton Adonis ( 1cc) .

Comparing here at left Havengore breeder Mrs Scheerboom’ foundation stud ch Master Beowulf (b ’20) to ch Weland’ only pic (so far as known) and notwithstanding Weland presents an impression of overall soundness incl a nice square head & muzzle ,  he (just like his double ascent ch Felix) definitely lacks one of the MOST important basic characteristics of our breed , ie the long deep body   and , due to his disproportionate length of legs , there’s too much air beneath to create an overall image of great depth of body .Ch Weland' sire Adamite sired  between '19-'24 some ten KCSB reg litters , twice as much as the then other prominent studs as a/o ch King Baldur & Adamite' son Ashenhurst Duke . Weland aside , Adamite' most important progeny may have been Vilna , dam of ch Cleveland Premier ,  C- Chancellor , Sadberge Countess & Tweedview Belle , all by Adamas .

No 64) Mrs John Evans lived at Jersey , one of the Channel Islands , in particular No 100 Bath street St Helier ; the attached photo (here below at left) was taken off a 'chocolate room' at Bath street/Gas Place corner and quite near to No 100 (left street side) , with in the distance the silhouette of St Mark’ church . She bred two KCSB reg litters out of Jersey Queen (see pic below in the centre) , 1) dd Jan ’24 sired by her maternal uncle Jersey Lion resulting in two champions , ie her own Prince & Mr GP Greenwood’ Duke ; 2) dd Dec ’26 sired by ch Prince which produced Thor des Isles , exported to the States and behind the originals imported after WW-II .

Jersey Lion , bred by Mr H Beasley of Penkhull nr Stoke on Trent , out of Stapleford Agrippa’ daughter Penkhull Lady  sired by ch King Baldur , and therefore brother of Shirebrook Lady (ch Havengore Bill’ maternal granddam) , Dermot Diana (dam of ch Superbus & Agrippa - 2 cc’s) & Clayton Betty , the latter dam to Jersey Queen by Ashenhurst Duke .

Mr Evans’ ch Prince  was made up at the age of only sixteen months after winning at three consecutive shows , ie at Crufts Feb ’25 under  Mr Robt Leadbetter , at Manchester March ‘25 under Our Dogs editor Mr Theo Marples & at the LKA Olympia London May ’25 under Miss A Pope, each time with ch Westcroft Blaise taking the reserve ; at the next show , Ranelagh London – May ‘25 , the all-rounder Mr WJ Nichols reversed the result . The KCSB mention thereafter for ’26 a cc under Mr Arthur Croxton Smith (res ch Menai Yosemite’ brother Torquil) and a reserve under Mr Sam Crabtree (cc for ch Prince’ brother Mr GP Greenwood’ ch Duke ; for ’27 a cc under Mr N Walker Hall (reserve for ch Duke) and finally at Crufts ’28 , once again under Mr Robt Leadbetter he got his 2nd Crufts cc (reserve for ch Westcrofts Blaise 3rd Open ch Woden)  .

Here below - Dog World '28 advert , Our Dogs' Mems March '32 and pics of the Olivers' Hellingly Boadicea & Mr Greenwood' ch Benvolio (incl cups) , both sired by ch Prince' brother Mr Guy Percival Greenwood' ch Duke .

In an Our Dogs’ Mems dd ’31 Mr Fred J Hawkings mentions a/o – ‘Everyone will sympathise with Mrs Evans in the loss of her famous dog ch Prince . Ill-health , followed by a sojourn in the New World , has prevented Mrs Evans from shows here . But , in his hey-day , there were few shows where ch Prince was not to be seen in company with his attractive mistress . This dog was remarkable for his huge proportions , standing as he did 34 inches at shoulder ; his red colour rarely militated against his success in the ring , and he won innumerable challenge certificates , prizes & trophies . Most of his progeny found their way to America , &c’ . Note - Mrs Evans' last show Mastiff was ch Woden' daughter ch Ursula b May '26 & bred by Miss Bell but due to the given circumstances Ursula was transferred to Menai breeders Messrs Thomas & Oliver who made her up in '31 .

Above at extreme right ch Duke handled by Miss Dorothy Greenwood , following into the footsteps of her grandfather James and her father Mr Guy Percival Greenwood of Hillcrest Colne who succeeded Mrs Jack Hardy as OEMC President from 1949 until 1962) . Ch Duke got his 1st cc at Edinburgh Oct ’25 (reserve for ch Westcroft Blaise) , 2nd at Manchester ’26 under Mr Sam Crabtree & his 3rd at Edinburgh ’27 under all-rounder Mr JJ Holgate (reserve for Mr JG Joice’ ch Arolite) .

The other Mastiffs in the photograph , taken in '28 at the Gisburn show  (ca eight mls away from Colne) , are fr l to r - 1) ch Duke' son ch Benvolio (out of Bronygarth Bess , the latter out of ch Ashenhurst Cedric' daughter Lorna Doone sired by Adamite' son Country Squire) , 2) Fantine (Adamite ex Adamas' daughter ch Westcroft Chloe) , 3) ch Benvolio' dam Bronygarth Bess & 4) Kundry (ch Duke ex Fantine) .

Hereabove at left an Our Dogs Mems’ parcel dd  Jan 8th 1932 authored by Mr EG Oliver ; at right , by way of illustrating the content in a ‘time-bound’ sense , a photograph dd 1911 presenting a trio of Liskeard St Bernards bred &/or owned by Mr Harry Peake , fellmonger (dealer in hides & skins) , of Hawthorne Villa at Liskeard - Cornwall .

The Mastiff champion brothers Prince & Duke were decidedly red fawn , so , not to say red . And following Mr Sam Crabtree in Our Dogs’ Mems dd Sep 29th ’33 – ‘the red colour is a very delicate matter as some fanciers take a very strong objection even to a clear red fawn and , thereby , considering red brindles as 'objectionable' . He goes on writing that – ‘One of the ‘red’ origins may have been the Cleveland brothers Monarch & Leopold , the latter maternal grandsire to the red brindle Holloway Tiger (ed - bred by Mr G Cook out of Leopold’ daughter Cleveland Belle sired by Survivor’ son Pegasus) . And that Penkhull Lady was a red and her daughter Shirebrook Lady (Jersey Lion’ sis) was probably also of the red hue .

No 65) At left  - an Our Dogs’ article dd May 8th 1908 , written now by Mr WK Taunton himself ; at right the Birkenhead show July ‘09 judged by the Northern OEMC Secretary Mr Henry Clay , 2nd from right Lt-Col Z Walker , OEMC President & at extreme right Mr Guy P Greenwood – Open class males 1st Lt-Col Walker’ With the Times (by Moston Black) , 2nd Mr G Cook ch Felix , 3rd Mr A Steele’ Widmere Duke (by ch Hazlemere Ronald) ; females 1st Lt-Col Walker’ ch Countess Invicta , 2nd Mr G Cook’ Shyportia , 3rd Lt-Col Walker’ Lady Playful (by With The Times) . Note – the photo shows (partly) a huge dog of a dark hue at the extreme left and , given the time-line , it might have been Cleveland Leopold’ brother C- Monarch .

Mr WK Taunton’ article refers to the then relationship between the original OEMC (since ’83) and the Northern OEMC founded in ’94 . That same year the OEMC Secretary wrote to the Northern Club suggesting that ‘Old English’ should be omitted in order to avoid confusion with the alreading existing one but without result . In ’98 an attempt to amalgate both clubs was made but , once again , in vain . At that time the Northern Club was presided by Mr William Henry Watts , silk mercer of Wavertree nr Liverpool , Secretary being Mr Samuel Williams , embosser of cotton & silk of Chatsworth House Gorton nr Manchester . Early XXth c , the Presidency was taken over by Mr Wm Norman Higgs , Secretary being Mr Henry Clay of 33 Slater street Liverpool ; amongst her Club judges were Mr Henry Clay , Mr Luke Crabtree , Mr Gerbrand Deetman of Holland & Mrs Idonea Stopford of Kinsale - Ireland . The demise of the Northern Old English Club was recorded in ’29  .

The OEMC , on the other hand , published her Year book ’29 and stated that the membership of the OEMC was eighty-seven , an increase of twenty-eight during ’28 and more than double the membership of ’25 ; Mr Edmund G Oliver , Vice-President & Delegate to the KC Council of Representatives , Mrs Jessie W Oliver being Hon Secretary following up the Club’ former Hon Secretary Mr WK Taunton who died in ’26 .

A Taunton Memorial Fund was organised in order to purchase a ‘Taunton Memorial Cup’ (as part of the Club’ array of trophies valued at £500/600 - see above at left incl the TMC at right) which caused a dispute but , through the efforts of Mr EG Oliver (sollicitor by profession) and by way of the High Court , all the monies originally collected by the OEMC were returned . The 1st winner of the Taunton Cup was the Crufts '29 cc male  under the judging of Mr Wm Hunter Johnston , ie ch Cleveland Premier , his head study hereabove at right .

One of the founding OEMC members (together with a/o Mr WK Taunton) , was Mr Wm Hunter Johnston 1857-1947 ; in ’06 he judged the breed at championship level and awarded the cc’s to the brindles ch Helmsley Defender owned by Mr E Spalding & Bridget (Melnotte ex Black Beauty) owned by Mr WK Taunton’ nephew Mr Richard Taunton Francis (see also Miscellanea No 37) , resp reserves for Mr Aubrey Smith’ twin ch Colonel Cromwell & Eleanor . His 13th & last championship judging was at Crufts ’32 where the seventy-five years old breed stalwart gave the cc’s to Mrs Frances Samuelson’ ch Cinque Ports Michael (res ch Uther Penarvon) & ch Cleveland Ponorogo ( res ch Lady Turk) .

From The American Kennel Register - A Monthly Record 1885– The Crown Prince' Paternity .

The Stock Keeper is now publishing the evidence presented by Messrs Hugh Dalziel and Joseph Evans, who may be called the prosecution in this case . The first installment was the evidence of Mr Joseph Evans, the present owner of The Emperor, which is briefly this - In April 1880 , Mr Evans inquired of Burnell for a Mastiff dog puppy . Burnell informed him that Mr Woolmore' bitch Merlin had a litter by The Emperor . Mr Evans then directed Burnell to get him one of them . (This was the Crown Prince litter) . In June 1880 Mr Evans inquired of Burnell what he had done about getting an Emperor puppy from Mr. Woolmore for him . Burnell replied that Mr Johnston , the then owner of The Emperor , said the puppies were no good. Sometime in the summer or fall of 1881 (exact date not given) Mr Evans was in treaty with Mr Wm Hunter Johnston for the purchase of The Emperor , and inquired of Burnell whether his (Burnell') statement that the litter referred to was by this dog , was correct , saying that he particularly wished to know before giving a large price for a dog when in very poor condition . Burnell then assured Mr Evans that what he had previously said was perfectly correct, and advised him to buy the dog at once , which Mr Evans did in November 1881.

In July 1882 , The Emperor served Merlin in presence of Woolmore , Banks , Burnell & Evans . In September Mr Evans received a letter from Woolmore that Merlin had been delivered of five puppies, and requesting him to advise Mr Banks of it . When Mr. Evans called on Banks he was shown a letter from Woolmore to Banks , that Merlin had eight puppies , and he subsequently learned that three of them had mealy muzzles and had been drowned . This litter is what is known as the Maximilian litter . The mealy-muzzled puppies in the litter are of significance, as Crown Prince is so marked, and The Emperor and his brother Stanley both got such puppies, and they derived it from their grand dam  Old Flora .

In the middle of May 1884 , Mr Hull called on Mr Evans, and stated that Burnell wished to see him , relative to making a public admission that The Emperor was the sire of Crown Prince , and on June 28, Mr Burnell distinctly admitted in the presence of Mr Evans and Mr Hull that The Emperor was the sire , and it was then arranged that Mr Hull should put the admission in writing , in such a way as to do Burnell no harm (!) , and that Burnell should sign it . Mr Hull in his testimony asserts that he drew up the statement for Burnell go sign , but the latter declined on the ground that his solicitor advised him to go no further in the matter .

When Corsincon's letter appeared in the Stock Keeper of September 12,  with Hideout' statement , Burnell got very angry , blamed Mr Evans with inspiring the article , went back on all his previous statements , and for the first time set up to Mr Evans that Young Prince really was the sire . These are the vital points in the evidence so far; minor ones , such as Woolmore' anxiety to buy Emperor from Mr Evans, his (Woolmore') shielding Burnell when he embezzled the payments of stud fees due the owner of Emperor, &c , need not be quoted . Messrs Evans and Hull agreed in their testimony before the committee, so unless Mr Evans is utterly unworthy of belief , and a most skillful forger of papers , his statements , coupled with those of Hull and Hideout , are conclusive that The Emperor , and not Young Prince , is the sire of the Crown Prince litter . Mr Evans' full statement is particularly minute and circumstantial , giving day and date for everything , and therefore is somewhat dry reading .

The Stock Keeper of December 10 contains the testimony of Mr J H Hull on the matter . It substantiates that of Mr Evans as to Burnell's declarations to them that Emperor was the sire . Mr Dalziel has not produced his own evidence yet , being apparently too busy in showing up the committee, Burnell, &c which he is doing with an artistic skill and energy worthy of the highest admiration . Mr T W Allen , the former owner (if not breeder) of Creole , has a very dignified appeal to the committee to be outspoken and straight, agreeing in the meanwhile that the evidence is all in favor of The Emperor.

Mr William Hunter Johnston , from whom Mr Evans bought The Emperor , confirms the statement that several of the litter had 'Dudley noses.' Messrs Evans and ‘Argus’ lend efficient aid to Mr Dalziel in the onslaught on the committee . Finally Dr Turner , the chairman of the committee , asks readers to keep their heads clear of the irrelevant side issues that have been injected into the matter , until he presents the summary of the evidence . It might be suggested and should have occurred to Dr JS Turner that much of this injected matter appears only in the report of the committee .

No 66) Hereabove two Our Dogs Mems dd ’31 related to Mr Hunter Johnston . At left - about Mastiffs he owned as a rather young lad , ie ch The Emperor (possibly ch Crown Prince’ sire) , his son The Warrior & ch The Shah’ daughter Linda who , mated to ch The Emperor ,  Moses , b Feb '82 bred & owned by Mr Joseph Evans of Claremont Swanley Kent  (see also Miscellanea No 19) .

Another one by Mr WH Johnston was Liberty , b Feb ’82 & bred buy Mrs Eva Carslake out of ch Beau’ daughter ch Ilford Baroness sired by ch Crown Prince. At right - some story (probably Mr Johnston’ reminicescences  recorded by Mr Fred J Hawkings) about Mr Wm Burnell (of Wells road Shepherds Bush - London) , kennelman of ch The Emperor , The Shah , Young Prince , &c .

Note - Mr William Hunter Johnston , of 3 Hilltop road West Hampstead nr London , was the London Manager of ‘Messrs Robert Laidlaw & son’ – Barrowfield Iron Works Glasgow ; office address at London , 6 Little Bush Lane nr Cannon street EC . Wm Hunter Johnston was a Great Western Railway shareholder and named as ‘the (ed - only) surviving executor’ in the will of Mr Spencer Harley of Brook House Farm Barlaston nr Stoke on Trent (deceased January ’15 , former District Goods Manager of the London &  North Western Railway  .

Due to dissatisfaction regarding the way Mastiff show classes were arranged & judges chosen , the Olivers resigned and Mrs William Frederick Holt , of The Grove Wishaw nr Birmingham , took over the OEMC Secretary; her husband being partner in ‘James Holt & son Ltd’ , Wholesale Dairymen at Cowper Street  Birmingham . Mrs Holt  went to Africa in ’31 and was succeeded by Mrs Norah Dickin .

The same year ('31) the ‘Mastiff Breeders Association’ (Hon Secretary Mr Wm Norman Higgs – Hon Treasurer & Auditor Mr N Walker Hall) was founded under the impetus of Mr/Mrs Oliver of Hellingly ; its President was Viscount Weymouth - Mr Henry Frederick Thynne 1905-1992 , Vice-President Lady Michelham of Hellingly , those representing the ‘glitter & glamour’ perhaps aimed at by the Olivers .

Mr HF Thynne & his wife Daphne (see at left) owned a/o Hellingly Hanna (by ch H- Joseph ex Hellingly Hecuba) and , mated back to ch H- Joseph , she produced Hellingly Elaine (see at left) , dam of the Hellingly K- litter , almost all of them exported to the States .

A week later followed a reply by Mr EG Oliver to the Our Dogs’ Editor – 'Sir , I write you to inform you that at a meeting of the provisional committee held at the Kennel Club yesterday , it was decided to alter the name of this Society from the San Rocco Society to Big Breeds Canine Society . Mr EG Oliver , Secretary pro tempore’ –

From ’33 until ’39 , this society organised each year a championship show at London (except in ’34 , ie at Harrogate) . The resp judges were Mr Chris Houlker (cc’s ch Hellingly Joseph & Hellingly Honor' daughter  Ileden Volo) , Mr N Walker Hall (cc’s ch Hellingly Joseph & ch Hellingly Joy) , WN Higgs 2x (cc’s ch Hellingly Marksman & ch Hellingly Joy ; ch Hellingly Mark & ch Hellingly Josephine) , Croxton Smith (ch Hellingly Mark & Hellingly Anita) ,  Count Vivian C Hollender (cc's Hellingly King Baldur & ch Hellingly Beta) & finally (after Mr Oliver’ death) Mrs Scheerboom (Goring Brockwell & ch Petronella) . Mrs Scheerboom aside , the pattern of cc awards at the Big Breeds Society shows seems to be quite clear … Here below a photograph which may illustrate the popularity of the Great Dane breed , one of those Big Breeds , which then eclipsed the native Big Breed , the Mastiff .

The sudden death of Mr Edmund G Oliver dd Jan ’39 put an end to the Mastiff Breeders Association , and so far as known , also to the Big Breeds Canine Society .  In Memoriam re Mr Edmund G Oliver published in the Alpina Americana Journal . It mentions a/o - ' his climbing career was terminated by the fearful accident to the train on the viaduct at the Montanvert (1927) . Note - 'The Montenvers Railway  is a rack railway line in the Haute-Savoie region of France ; the line runs from a connection with the SNCF in Chamonix to the Hotel de Montenvers station at the Mer de Glace , at an altitude of 1,913 m . The accident   happened on Thursday 25 August 1927 , the locomotive derailed on one of the viaducts killing 15 people and injuring 40 others .' Mr EG Oliver' mountaineering activities took place in a time  period characterized by , a/o , the desire to restore national prestige after the British defeats to be the 1st to reach the North & South Poles by conquering the 3rd pole , ie making the first ascent of the highest mountain on Earth . To this day, there are supporting claims and rumours that the Brits George Mallory & Andrew  Irvine had been successful and so were actually the first to summit Mount Everest June ’24 .

His  unfortunate 'Montenvers' experience may have brisked up the take up of canine hobbying as the 1st KCSB entry for the Olivers was end October '27 at the Royal Veterinary College Dog Show - Crystal Palace , where Mr Herbert Cook of Cleveland kennels judged the Mastiff classes and placed Mrs EG Oliver' Wantley Joy  3rd in Limit class (cc for Mrs John Evans' Ursula , ch Beechwood Queen reserve) .

Some breed book mentions – ‘ , ... EG Oliver died at his Yorkshire home of Bedale Hall under unusual circumstances , having apparently fallen downstairs and broken his neck . As the result of his sudden death , and subsequent evidence of the highly irregular procedures within his practice , of which his partner claimed to have been unaware , Hellingly was disbanded , &c .’ - Or what happens when sheer hearsay may be thé source , a mix up of things as the clip at left makes clear , ie - it was not Mr EG Oliver but his brother who , dd Nov ’36 , had fallen downstairs at Bedale Hall ; the clip in the centre was published in a local newspaper dd  January 16th ’39 , just the day before Mr EG Oliver died suddenly on Tuesday January 17th at Endsleigh Court London WC2 at the age of 59 , that according to Mr Will Hally who wrote Mr Oliver’ epitaph  . ‘ At right – vista ‘Thornton Watlass Hall’, 15 miles S of Bedale Hall.

No 67) At right - taken from Dog World May ’31 , part of an article promoting the then ‘brand new’ Mastiff Breeders Association and written by all-rounder Major Harding Cox annex a breed note by JWO aka Mrs Jessie Wilson Oliver (Mr EG Oliver’ wife) . The results of that particular Richmond show under the Major were - cc ch Hellingly Joseph , res ch Hellingly Ajax ; cc Hellingly Honor’ daughter Poordale Charm (owned by Mr John Bourne) , res ch Hellingly Joy . The Dog World breed dd June ’31 JWO mentions a/o – ‘A meeting of the members of the MB Association was held . The following members were present – Mr Bourne , Mrs Woods (ed – of Ileden kennels) , Mrs Higgs , Mrs & Mr Oliver .’ – Not much folk there ! Another breed note , dd Oct ’31 mentions – 'Mrs EG Oliver has exported to China a couple of youngsters, Hellingly Warren and a home-bred one , ie Hellingly Dora , by Hellingly Robert out of Hellingly Janet .'

Another promo-action came from Dog World’ Editor Mrs Phillis Robson writing dd Nov ’31 – ‘I had the pleasure of going over the Hellingly kennels the other day and was struck afresh with the good work Mr & Mrs Oliver are doing in breeding Mastiffs with grand legs and feet and which are absolutely sound . One after another came out from the kennels , all with the best of legs and feet , and the breed is certainly lucky to have these enthusiasts in it . And how Mrs Oliver does love her Mastiffs ; no one knows all she has done to bring this fine old British breed back to favour and she is anxious it shall be popular , not only on the show bench , but in the country homes of old England . A Mastiff makes a fine guard and is an ornament to any house .’ -

DW Nov ’31 WN Higgs – ‘ I’m very sorry to learn that ch Bulger (see his pic above at left) has joined the majority . He was of a beautiful type and always reminded me of ch Beaufort whom he closely resembled . It is a thousand pities that he was useless for stud purposes .' - Ch Bulger , litter brother of ch Westcroft Blaise b Feb ’24 , was only shown from the age of 4 ½ ; he won his 1st cc (res ch Hellingly Joseph) under Our Dogs’ Editor Mr Theo Marples who wrote in his report a/o – ‘Bulger came , saw and conquered , &c , and is as sound as a terrier .’ - Other cc’s were under Mr N Walker Hall (res Menai Anglesea) , Mr Guy P Greenwood (res ch Havengore Bill) & Mr Croxton Smith (res again  Bill) ; he ended up his show career at Crufts ’30 where Major Harding Cox placed him 3rd in Open class (cc ch Hellingly Joseph , res Benton Stephen) . Bulger’ measurements , reportedly taken by a veterinarian surgeon , were as following 31 ½ i at shoulder , weight 14 stone , chest circumference 45 i , forearm circumference below elbow 10 ½ i , girth of skull 31 i , length of skull from occiput to tip of nose length 11 ¼   i , muzzle length 3 ¼ i .

Ch Bulger was owned by Mrs Muriel Carrie Houlder née Kydd of Mounthill Epsom - Surrey , wife of Mr Maurice Charles Houlder,  Managing director of Houlder Bros & Co Lts and Furness-Houlder Argentine Lines Lts, chairman of the Standard Steamship Owners’ Protection and Indemnity Association, and the UK Mutual Steamship Assurance Association Ltd, aged 86left £403.000. The rather odd name ‘Bulger’ may have been derived from the eponymous tug steamship which sank January ’24 , a month before Bulger was born .

This Our Dogs' Mems , dd 21 Feb '30 & authored by Mr Will Hally , goes about Crufts '30 at a time when politics had split up the Mastiff fancy . Note - Mrs Arthur Baggaley' Dervot Dawn , b Feb '27 & bred by Mrs Baggaley out of Lady Pat sired by ch Bulger' brother ch Westcroft Blaise ; Lady Pat was litter sis to ch Superbus & King Agrippa (2 cc's) , the latter then ('30) owned by Bull-Mastiff breeder (Pridzor affix) Mr Victor J  Smith , master baker of Worcester who bred the breed' 1st champion , ie Tiger Prince who won his 1st cc at Crufts '28 . At right - a trade card ca '30 incl a/o an unnamed Mastiff male presenting a superb head quality coupled to a body too short & hindlegs too straight , a combination quite too often to  observe throughout the history of our breed .

No 68) Dogs’ Mems Dec ’30 wherein Mr Fred J Hawkings expresses his opinion re the numerical value of points (see also Major Harding Cox’ article thereto in former No 67) ; Mr Hawkings presumes that it was generally accepted and ‘corroborated’ by Mr Robert J Burch of Holloway – London , the one who bred a/o ch British Monarch (maternal grandsire of ch Miss Bull & Sunflower – granddam of the Ashenhurst ch’s Cedric & Bernicea) , the one exported to Mr Kinney of Kinnelon kennels – US) & ch King Baldur , a stud behind almost every important strain of the interbellum . The mentioned Menai Captain , owned by Mr SF Smith of Hillside Colne , was a half brother/sis mateing towards ch Ashenhurst Cedric , ie King Agrippa ex ch Menai Juno ; his Satelite was out of ch Benvolio’ sis Mirander sired by ch Arolite , sometimes spelled as ‘Aerolite’ , probably referring to that famous eponymous locomotive for the sake of his breeder Mr JG Joice’ relationship with the railway business .

Mr FJA Beier , of Buffalo NY , was the then MCOA President and owner of the American brood of historical interest , Betty , (bred by Mr Chas Wm Dickinson of Wingfield kennels – Toronto) ; he imported not only Thor des Isles but also Warrior , the latter b Aug ’27 out of ch Westcroft Cleopatra sired by ch Bulger’ brother ch Westcoft Blaise ; Warrior’ sis Scylla was owned by Mrs Rose Matilda Langton of Woodbrook kennels – Groby road Leicester , the one who bred another US export , ie Goldhawk Elsie (ch Benvolio’ sis Woodbrook Tess ex ch Cleveland Premier’ son Sioux Chief).

Above at right – Leon McLean , b April ’31 out of ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ daughter Selene sired by ch Hellingly Ajax , owned by MB Associaton member Miss M McLean Farquhar of Whitestake nr Preston . Leon got only one cc , namely ar the Scottish KC Edinburgh Sept ’33 under Mr Chris Houlker but ‘wrote’ history as he went on to be 3rd to the Best in Show winner . The next show , ie at Crystal Palace Oct ’33 , Mr H Cook of Cleveland kennels placed him 3rd in Open class (cc ch Hellingly Marksman , 2nd Thor’ son Deleval Ascelin) ; at Crystal Palace Oct ’34 the same placing was given by Mr WN Higgs , preceded by ch Hellingly Cardinal & ch Cleveland Hugo . Leon Mc Lean’ litter brother Kinder Monarch  was already 5+ years old when his owner Mr Fred Webb , a butcher of Wordsley Stourbridge , entered him for the 1st time , ie at Birmingham ’36 and got the cc under Dr Aubrey Ireland (res ch Havengore Christopher) followed by a 2nd cc at the next show , ie Crufts ’37 under the ‘soundness adept’ Major Harding Cox (res Hellingly Mark’ son Ileden Gunner) . Further on , no KCSB show records re Kinder Monarch .

A group photograph which includes   the  image of  Haro of The Isles (by ch Prince out of Jersey Queen) , brother to Mr FJA Beier’ Thor des Isles . The Mastiff group was owned by Mr John Illingworth , of Croft House - Brighouse , who ran a company into engineering , cabinet making & watch case manufacturing . He bred a litter out of Jersey Queen’ sis Clayton Diane sired by Ashenhurst Duke’ grandson Wendycot Peter , resulting in Elvet Barrie who sired Mr Ben Bennett’ foundation brood Shiela and also Brigeawa , dam to Mr Leonard Crook’ King Leon & Selene , the latter dam of Leon McLean , Kinder Monarch  & Tiddicar Venus , dam of 3 Tiddicar ch’s , ie General , Diana & (Hellingly Prudence) .

He also owned ch Ashenhurst Cedric , ch Broomcourt Black Mask , ch Broomcourt Marcon , ch Broomcourt Romeo & Broomcourt John , the latter recipient of two cc’s just before WW-II broke out . After the war he contributed to ‘Our Dogs’ Mems and judged the breed five times , the last one at Blackpool ’62 . Being 85y old , he awarded there the cc’s to Havengore Adam’ son Weatherhill Guide & ch Havengore Hotspot’ daughter ch Milf Manetta .

No 69) At left - an epitaph dd April '32 authored by Miss FM Crump of Wyndley boarding kennels , The Grange Long Itchington nr Rugby . In ‘28 , together with Mr Harry Keeling ,  FCA (Fellow Chartered Accountant) &  Birmingham Dog Show Society Secretary 1920-'35 , she was able to purchase the 3y old Menai Juno (already a champion) from the Menai breeders ; she also owned the litter sisters  (b Oct '29 & bred by Messrs RH Thomas & CR Oliver - out of ch Menai Yosemite sired by ch Havengore Bill) , ie Wyndley Britannia (later on purchased by Mrs RM Langton of Woodbrook kennels and renamed Menai Lady) & Wyndley Boadicea  , litter sisters of ch Havengore Christopher' sire Havengore Mark  . Miss FM Crump  bred also a/o (Landseer) Newfoundlands , Mr Keeling being a judge at championship level , a/o of Newfoundlands .

Above in the centre - OEMC member Mr 'Bob' Thomas who , in partnership with Mr Charles Robert Oliver of Chapel-En-Le-Frith , bred those famous Menai Mastiffs between '24-'29  . The last KCSB entry for Mr Bob Thomas was at Richmond July '30 where Mr N Walker Hall awarded the cc to Mr/Mrs Oliver' Hellingly Lady Here and reserve cc for Mr Thomas' Menai Stella , out of Wantley King Baldur' daughter Menai Maida ; Stella was then transferred to Miss Elizabeth Goodrich Stillman , of Kenridge kennels – Cornwall on Hudson NY , and ‘reportedly ‘guiding spirit’ of the Storm King Kennel Club . Menai Stella standing left  in the picture , next to her sire Anglesea (ch Ashenhurst Cedric ex ch Menai Yosemite) & her paternal uncle Comet , the latter known as having sired Mrs N Dickin’ Thor (res cc at Crufts ’31 under Mr WN Higgs) who was mated to Miss Crump’ Wyndley Boadicea which gave Goring Gem exported to Mr/Mrs H Greenlee - USA .

Boadicea was transferred to Mrs Norah Dickin and , mated to Thor’ son Deleval Wulfric , she produced Mrs C Hurry’ Goring Magnolia b Feb ’34 , 3rd Open class at Crufts ’35 . Mrs Dickin also purchased Menai Stella’ litter sis Janice and , mated to ch Uther Penarvon , she produced Mrs Dickin’ Goring Robert , b June ’35 and recipient of a/o a reserve cc at the penultimate championship show , namely Richmond July ’39 under Goodbreed breeder Mr HJ White of Bradford Yorks  (cc ch Uther Penarvon’ grandson Hammercliffe Remus) . Here below at left - a photo dd '3o depicting some of Miss FM Crump’ stock incl her three Mastiffs , ie Juno & the Wyndley yearlings by Bill .

The Oakland Tribune May ’32 mentions – ‘Captain Robert H Thomas , English Singer , dies at the age of 55 . An English baritone , who sang at various entertainments and conceits in the bay region a decade ago , died at Buxton April 2 , according to news received in Oakland today by friends . His death was due to pneumonia , contracted on a vacation journey . For the past eight years Captain Thomas had been entertainment manager at the Haddon Hall Hydro , a health & pleasure resort . He lived In California for about twelve years, appeared in several concerts at the University of California Greek Theatre Berkeley and was entertainment manager at Yosemite - California .’ -

Captain RH Thomas' 'registered' name was Robert Humphreys Griffith (RHG) Thomas and his parents were Annie née Humphreys & the architect Richard Griffith Thomas , the latter b Menai Bridge ’47 . – ‘When his father was twenty-two he designed his first chapel at Hirael – Bangor , for the Calvinistic Methodists .

Others followed but , as far as has been discovered , his only chapel on Anglesey is the English Presbyterian chapel at Menai Bridge, built in ‘87-88 and , most probably , also the nearby standing Victoria Hotel (see pic above at right) . In ‘70 Richard Davies , the shipowner & MP for the county of Anglesey , commissioned Mr Richard G Thomas to design a new mansion for him at Treborth . In ‘80 he was appointed architect of the Baron Hill estate as well . One of the projects he had from this post was that of designing a new Town Hall for Llangefni in ‘83. By the late ‘70s he had designed and built a new house for himself , Fir Grove , at Menai Bridge . Mr RG Thomas was the local agent for the Alliance Insurance Company , had an office at 12 Market Street - Caemarfon and was also a high ranking Freemason . Early in May ‘09 he had climbed up onto the roof of the Menai Bridge’ Victoria Hotel to supervise some repairs . But the ladder was not long enough . He leant over , slipped , fell, and injured himself badly . He never recovered but died on 21 May and was buried on Church Island .’ - Source – The Chapels Heritage Society – The Quakers in Neath .

No 70) In ’24 the Kennel Club gave official recognition to the Bull-Mastiff breed and at Crufts ’28 the 1st challenge certificates were offered to this breed . Hereabove some Our Dogs’ excerpts dd April ’31 regarding the Bull-Mastiff breed and authored by resp Mastiff correspondent Sam Crabtree & Mr Vic Smith of Pridzor BM kennels . There are quite a lot of other references regarding the very different types & sizes displayed by specimens of the then Bull-Mastiff breed, thereby presuming that quite a lot of breeds were involved  , thus way more than some crossing method between the Bulldog breed & the Mastiff breed  , such as pointed out by breed founder Mr Moseley of Farcroft kennels  .

The present-day presumption that Bull-Mastiffs were introduced into Mastiff breeding in order to produce shorter & more blunt muzzles may be (in some cases) not entirely untrue but , of course , the obvious explanation might have been more 'business-like' , namely the extreme shortage of available Mastiff stock , particularly in broods ,  compared to an ever growing demand for Mastiff puppies during the revival after WW-I . 

Note - the 3rd excerpt ,  by Mr Fred J Hawkings , may shed some light upon Mr WK Taunton' early ideas about  Mastiff points ; quite interesting are his references to - 1) 'lips loose' (OEMC '83 'lips slightly pendulous so as to show a square profile') , 2) 'teeth level' (OEMC '83 'incisors level or the lower projecting projecting beyond the upper but never sufficiently as to become visible when the mouth is closed') , 3) 'neck free from throatiness' (OEMC '83 no mention thereto) , 4) no mention of depth of flanks (OEMC '83 'great depth of flanks) ,  5) 'tail not too long' (OEMC '83 'tail reaching to the hocks' , & 6) 'fair average height for a male 30/31 inches' (OEMC '83 'height of less importance than substance but desirable if both points are proportionately combined' .

No 71) The term ‘purebred’ is , of course , a relative concept in canine breeding , ie every recognized breed , incl the Mastiff , traces back , one way or another , to different (ancient) species of breeds . Registration was quite expensive in the early periods of the Kennel Club and because , until the 2nd half of 1920s (cfr alteration of the Kennel Club rule governing the purity of breeding) , puppies (partly) bred from unregistered ancestry were still eligible for KC registration as Mastiffs , there was no need to register all Mastiff pups . The then KCSB , thereabove , show up mainly unregistered bitches and only very few males , perhaps biased by the odd ideas that 1) males were more appropriate for showing , iow to present the breed points at best ; 2) a long pedigree was an extra boost regarding stud purposes . To consider all unregistered broods as cross-breds , not to say mongrels , seems therefore a bridge too far . In other words , being ‘unregistered’ did not exclude ‘purebred’ in the aforementioned restricted sense , on the other hand ‘registered’ did not include the certainty of being so-called ‘purebred’ .

Overlooking the three-generations pedigrees of the 35 Pre-WW-II champions , born between September 1899  and January 1924 , one may find not less than 19 champions who have one or more unregistered  ancestors in 3G . Quite a lot of them were breed-wise outstanding in their era . See table here below annex ch Lidgett Viscount , grandson to the 'unregistered' Buena Ventura  & great-grandson to the 'unregistered' Princess .

At left – Ch British Monarch b Nov ’09 out of the unregistered Countess Sonderburg sired by Salisbury bred from an unregistered dam , ie Rebel Queen ; although , it should be  hyperbole to label this Monarch as some 'three-quarter mongrel ' ! In  the centre a ‘Mastiff Mems’ dd Dec ’34 by Mr Will Hally , one of the ‘Our Dogs’ contributors , which may indicate one of the additional reasons of not registering Mastiff stock , even bred from full-registered parentage . Note - Mr Will Hally '73-65, of Halstead Western road Auchterarder Scotland, was a politician , a/o Member of the Executive Council of the Kinross & West Pertshire Unionist Association and prominent supporter of the Duchess of Atholl . He wrote several canine breed books and judged a/o  the Afghan breed at Crufts '27.

Overlooking the three-generations pedigrees of the 35 Pre-WW-II champions , born between September 1899  and January 1924 , one may find not less than 19 champions who have one or more unregistered  ancestors in 3G . Quite a lot of them were breed-wise outstanding in their era . See table here below annex ch Lidgett Viscount , grandson to the 'unregistered' Buena Ventura  & great-grandson to the 'unregistered' Princess .

No 72) Ch The Scarlet Pimpernel has already been documented as the maternal grandsire of the important Ashenhurst champions couple Cedric & Bernicea , the latter foundation brood of the Menai kennels owned by Messrs Bob Thomas & CR Oliver  . Pimpernel was bred by the wife of Mr Arthur Berry,, of Messrs Berrys, advertising contractors of Gresham House Old Broad Street London, a firm well-known as specialists in financial and company prospectus, a/o issuing ‘a very useful and ornamental desk diary calendar and  reminder  for 1914; Sir Brodrick Hartwell, Baronet, was one of their partners. The Berry family  lived at Primrose Cottage Rickmansworth , ca twenty mls NE of London City, and moved to The Spinney Hemel Hempstead. Pimpernel’ younger sis ch Young Mary Bull (also bred by Mrs D Berry - ch Brompton Duke ex ch Felix’ niece Galazora) may have been equally important in producing ch King Baldur (sired by Young Mary Bull’ litter brother Young John Bull) .

Ch Young Mary Bull (see at extreme left) seems to have been outstanding in the show ring , collecting not less than ten cc’s , the last at Crufts at the age of 7 under  Mr Robt Leadbetter of Hazlemere . Acc to the KCSB she was beaten only three times , ie by Princess Lie A Bed under Mis Cecile M Garland , ch Lady Lieve under Mr WK Taunton & by Cedric & Bernicea’ dam Boadicea under Mr Sam Crabtree .

The Kennel Gazette Dec ’90  presented the ‘Judges’ Choice’ regarding the selection of their all time  greatest Mastiff ; Mr Raymond Boatwright , of Glynpedr repute , wrote the following – ‘Whilst I have taken three choices from dogs I have seen and/or handled , I feel bound to mention a few names of Mastiffs I believed to be ‘great’ . I would have loved to have seen the pre-war ch Young Mary Bull ; her photograph shows her to be exceptional .’ The home page of The Mastiff Club of Victoria Inc (Australia) presents a drawing by Davidson which meticously resembles the photograph of ch Young Mary Bull . In this respect , it seems rather funny to find the very same (left) photograph (renamed as - 'ch Young Mary' -) in the website of a Bull-Mastiff breeder , that under the heading 'pictorial of early Bull-Mastiffs' !

Ch Young Mary Bull’ brother Young John Bull (see his head study above in the centre) , co-owned by Mr Robert J Burch & Mr Frederick W Bai of 194 Highbury Hill London N , seems to have been only campaigned during the year ’16 (covering overall six championship shows) wherein he got two third Open prizes under Miss CM Garland & Mr Mark Beaufoy (each time cc for his older brother ch The Scarlet Pimpernel) and two cc’s , ie under Mr John O’Connell & Mr Wm Hunter Johnston , seconded by Lidgett Conqueror’ son Brindled Monarch , 3rd Mr G Cook’ Count Willington .

Their son ch King Baldur (see pics here at left & centre) was owned by Miss Mabel Dent Hitchings of Wantley kennels , Meersbrook Sheffield . He was born June ’17 & bred by Mr Robert J Burch of Holloway - London , and a Wantley advert dd Dec ‘22 says – ‘Ch King Baldur , a dog who ranks with the highest in the land ; in fact , it is hard to dispute . Where’s another to beat him ? In colour a beautiful fawn , with first-rate head and outline and siring grand litters of highest promise .’ The KCSB mention Mastiffs out of more than a dozen litters sired by ch King Baldur , a/o five champions , ie (out of Princess Lie A Bed) the Westcroft twin Cleopatra & Chloe ; (out of ch Ashenhurst Bernicea) Menai Yosemite & sis Beechwood Queen ; and (out of ch Cleveland Premier’ maternal aunt Hecuba)  Wantley Joy, the latter foundation brood of the Hellingly kennels .

But King Baldur’ historically most imaginative paternity was perhaps the litter  bred by Mr H Beasley out of his Penkhull Lady (Salisbury’ grandson Stapleford Agrippa ex Helen unr) resulting in at least five siblings ; four of them being behind the then first-class Mastiff show stock and one , ie the male Baldurs Best , KCSB recorded as the paternal great-grandsire of the well-known Bull-Mastiff stud pillar ch ‘Roger of The Fenns’  about whom breed researcher Mr Douglas Oliff stated – ‘It is highly probable that this same dog features in post-war Mastiff pedigrees’ (ed note  - that along Templecoombe Torus - see below  at right with Miss Fawell & puppy) . His source of information thereto was a Mr ‘E Christian of Eastbourne’ who claimed (ca 1959) that he bred a litter dd January ’40 from a black brindle Mastiff called Chenda (of Deleval parentage) sired by a Bull-Mastiff called Burngreave Baron (Roger of The Fenns’ great-grandson) ; the litter contained one male puppy , a brindle and was called ‘Taurus’ . October ’41 , Mr Christian left home for military service and ‘Taurus’ went to a friend .

Note – there are several photographs of ch Roger of The Fenns which present almost completely different phenotypes , so hereabove at right a photograph taken from a hopefully reliable source , ie a ‘Fenns Bull-Mastiffs’ advert publ in Our Dogs Dec ’34 – owner Mr James Edward Vickers Toney of Stockton Brook nr Stoke on Trent . Note 2 – Burngreave Baron , b Oct ’36 & bred by Mr Henry Loftus-Polhill of Croydon nr London out of Lady Chita sired by Millbrook Bruce , got at Crufts ‘39 the reserve cc under Mulorna BM breeder Mrs Doris Mullin . Champion Springwell Major , entered ‘NFC’ (not for competition) , was put up for sale by his owners Messrs Richardson at the considerable price of 60 gns versus £50 for Burngreave Baron owned by Mr B Arnett of Blackmill – Bognor Regis , an English Southcoast resort some fifty mls W of another seaside resort , ie Eastbourne . Note 3 – ‘Burngreave’ is derived from the name of the then residence of the surveyor Mr Arthur Harry Winham , ie ‘Burngreave’ at Bognor Regis , who co-owned Burngreave Baron with Mr B Arnett ; following Mr Winham’ death in ’38 Baron stayed with the latter .

Mrs EJ Baxter had another source , ie the 83y old Mrs Warren of Harbex Bull-Mastiff kennels who wrote her in ’83 that she bred a litter dd ’38 from Harbex Tina (ed - ch Roger of The Fenns' daughter) containing the brindle bitch Harbex Lydia purchased by Mrs Button of Bexhill (ca 10 mls E of Eastbourne) who mated her to ch Roger of The Fenns' son ch Springwell Major which resulted in Templecoombe Taurus .

And also Mr Graham Hicks had a source , ie Mr Bill Wade , the then Secretary of the Southern Bull-Mastiff Society , who wrote him that he was invited in '46 by the OEMC Secretary , the journalist Mr Macdonald Daly & the Kennel Club to attend the meeting regarding the matter of Templecoombe Torus . He stated that - ‘for the record , there was never any doubt in my mind that Torus was a purebred Mastiff .’ And that he , together with Mr (so not Mrs) Warren of Harbex kennels , signed two copies of a declaration that in their opinion Torus was not a Bull-Mastiff ; note – the factual registration of Torus as a Mastiff had been done after his owner Miss Fawell presented Torus  ‘in the flesh’ a month earlier at the Kennel Club premises where the then KC Secretary Mr Holland Buckley , a regular judge of the Mastiff classes at cc level , made the decision thereto . Mr Wade said also that Mr ‘Jack F Marshall’ of Maritime Bull-Mastiff kennels at Sturry Kent , claimed that Torus was sired by a purebred brindle Mastiff known simply as ‘Jumbo’ , the dam of Torus was said to be ‘unknown’.

No 73)  The Beamsley twin (at the age of twenty months) - bred by Mrs Arthur Baggaley of Dervot kennels , The Limes Cottingham Yorks . Their dam Dermot Diana , by ch King Baldur ex Stapleford Agrippa’ daughter Penkhull Lady , was litter sis of Mrs Evans’ Jersey Lion (ch Prince’ & ch Duke’ sire) , Clayton Betty (maternl granddam tof ch Prince & ch Duke) & Shirebrook Lady (maternal granddam to ch Havengore Bill) ; their sire Cleveland Defender was older brother of ch Cleveland Premier .

Their owner , OEMC member Mr George Booth of 'Booth , Billing & Co' , resided at ‘Beamsley Hall’ (see pic on top) – Bolton Abbey , ca 20 mls N of Bradford Yorks . The show career of the Beamsleys seems to have been very short , ie the KCSB presents only prize records won during the first four shows of ’28 - Mary a reserve cc at Darlington and three  3rd prizes Open class , a/o at Crufts - Bill , a 2nd in Limit class at Crufts & a 3rd Limit at Manchester .

Hereabove at left - pic presenting the Beamsleys’ relative (Dervot) Lady Mary (Menai Anglesea x Dermot Diana’ daughter ch Dervot Dawn) & her daughter Longthorpe Lassie (by Mrs Dickins Thor’ son Deleval Wulfric) bred by Mr George Frank Rippon of Peterborough ; centre - illustration being part of a tableau figuring  head studies of eighteen breeds , taken from an old general encyclopaedia published in Great Britain ; at right - a (probably) pre-WW-II photograph presenting a Mastiff face quite similar to Beamsley Marys .

No 74) At left probably the only existing photograph of Valiant Diadem & Templecoombe Torus’ only surviving progeny , ie his fawn daughter Frithend Nydia who produced six litters all sired by Diadem , the last one dd Oct ’53 , five years before Nydia’ owner Major Keith Francis Hunter Hulbert passed away at an age of only 54y. Amongst their progeny were two champions ; ie Havengore Rodney b ’49 (see pic at right) & Wotan Vyking b ’50 . Rodney grandsired the splendid Havengore ch’s Diann & Drake whereas Vyking Wotan remained w/out progeny .

Amongst their female progeny were nine relevant ones , ie 1) Mrs L Scheerboom’ OEMC Beatrix * & 2) Mrs EM Harrild’ Moonsfield Duchess (both granddams to ch Havengore Drake , the latter also dam to ch Moonsfield Baron) , 3) Miss I Bell’ OEMC Prudence (dam to ch Withybush Odin & Weyacres Lincoln’ sire Withybush Magnus) , 4) Mrs LF Aberdeen’ Semper Fidelis (granddam to ch Milf Manetta) , 5) Mrs LF Aberdeen’ Malita Salome (granddam to Copenore Jason) ,  6) Mrs GM Tonkin’ Bowerschurch Brevity * (dam to ch Lexander Tudor)  , 7) Mrs J Burdekin’ Flushdyke Jill (dam to ch Withybush Bess & granddam to Withybush Crispin & ch Withybush Fausta) , 8) Mr WH Harvey’ Rayne Valerie (dam to the Salyng ch’s Aethelwulf & Aithne) and finally 9) Mr ME Perrenoud’ Wormhill Cora * (dam to ch Meps Angus) . - The hereabove group photograph dd July ’51 shows at  extreme left the then 7m old Bowerschurch Brevity , 5th from left the then 21m old OEMC Beatrix & at extreme right the then 14m old Wormhill Cora .

The Salyng breeder Mr WH Harvey lived at Blake House Farm Rayne – Braintree , ca fifty mls NE of London . In ’68 a Mr Ed Vogel , farmer of Idaho US , flew over to see the best of farming England and met a/o  Mr WH Harvey . He wrote – ‘The farm Mr Harvey owned for 30 years has a very fine 300 year old house and barn on it . This 350 acre farm has had one owner since 1500 up to 1905 and only one other owner besides Mr Harvey since then . Sugar beets and grain are raised on the farm .'

There’s another interesting reference re Mr WH Harvey’ descents & Blake House , ie BBC-Domesday Reloaded 1986 – ‘Blake House Farm is approximately   600 acres . It is an arable farm ,  growing mainly wheat , peas & rape .  Four people work on the farm - Mr  Harvey , his brother and two others .   They have six tractors of different sizes , trailers , sprayers and one  combine harvester . They have a drier  to dry the grain and some large barns where it is stored until it is sold . At Blake Farm they also grow crops  for seed which they sell to King' Seeds of Coggeshall . They have a contract with an agricultural chemical firm - they test out new sprays on their crops . This helps them to keep up with new technology. This year theyare growing a new crop called Durum wheat which is used for spaghetti . The crops are sown in the autumn and harvested in August . During harvest the men work very long hour .The Harvey brothers were born at  Blake Farm and have lived there all their lives . They now run the farm together . They each have a house of their own . Mr Clive Harvey' house is 500 years old and is timber framed . Mr John Harvey' house is quite new . Clive' hobby is flying . He owns Andrews Airfield (ed note -

American Air Base during WW-II) and has two planes   there . He is also renovating a plane that was used in the second world war . He found it in Italy where it had been used by the Italian Airforce . It is a Harvard plane and it was used for bombing . He hopes evetually that it will fly .                             John' hobby is shooting . The brothers have 50 acres of woodland and they grow special crops to encourage wildlife . Between November and January they organise Shoots where people can come and shoot pheasants .’   

No 75) In order to sketch some background re  Bulldog breeding  around the first half of the XIXth century , a short cameo about Mr Bill George annex a description & photograph of his Bulldog ‘Dan’ , standng in front of Mr Bill George’ son Alfred . Source - 'The Bulldog - A Monograph' by Mr Edgar Farman , publ 1899 .

The ‘Morris’ page of ‘A Detailed Mastiff History’ here mentions Old Flora (born ca end 1860s) as the dam who produced ch Countess , dam of ch The Emperor , the latter considered by a then substantial part of the Mastiff fancy as having sired ch Crown Prince , presuming that Crown Prince inherited his brownish muzzle through The Emperor and her dam Old Flora . Old Flora & her daughters ch Countess & Duchess were all three described by Mr MB Wynne as – very uniform in type , ie being short and very good in head with a rebundance of loose skin & wrinkle , all three short in body and somewhat too chunky in body .

Quite remarkable in a time wherein Mastiffs were rather mainly of tall boarhound-like type , epitomised by champions alike Turk & Miss Hales’ Lion which gives rise to some speculation regarding the origin of the ‘out of the blue’ overall change observed in Old Flora & her daughters . The obvious direction thereto is certainly cross-breeding into the direction of the (native) Bulldog &/or the Spanish Bulldog  .

Mr Bill George imported in 1840 ‘Big Head Billy’ , a Spanish Bulldog , a breed which Captain Hugh D Richardson , of Dublin ,  described as the ‘Spanish Mastiff’ (and illustrated by the drawing here at right)  in his book ‘The dog : its origin , natural history & varieties' (publ 1851) -  ‘The Spanish Mastiff - A very powerfully-built dog of from twenty-six to twenty-eight inches in height , with extraordinary development of bone & muscle . His head is of prodigious size , even apparently too large in proportion to his body ; his eyes are placed very far apart ; his upper lip pendulous , but not so much so as in the preceding dog ; the ear is small , and not perfectly pendulous , being erect at the root , but the tip falling over ; colour usually tawny or light rufus ; the under jaw is also undershot , and I do not think I can give my readers a better idea of the dog than by describing him as a gigantic bulldog . The Spanish Mastiff is a dog of great courage ; in Spain he is used in the combats of the amphitheatre and is commonly known on the continent as the ‘Spanish Bulldog’ . Mr J Aylmer , of 5 Bachelor' Walk – Dublin , has the finest of the breed , perhaps , in Britain . He is frequently importing new and perfect specimens from Cadiz (ed  note -  nearby Gibraltar) . Colonel Charles Hamilton Smith (ed note - born 1776 East Flanders Belgium) conceives - in 'The Origin of Dog'  dd 1838 -  this race to have been identical with the broad-mouthed dogs for which Britain was celebrated during the Roman era ; and certainly as this race answers to ancient description far better than our common bulldog , I am disposed fully to concur with him . Some years ago , I saw a remarkably fine specimen of this breed at the Portobello Gardens , which fell since into the possession of Dr Gilgeous of Demerara . There was also a good specimen recently presented to our Zoological Society , by Sir George Preston , which is , I believe, still in the Society' gardens .’

About ‘The British Mastiff’ Captain Richardson wrote a/o the following – ‘This dog appears to owe his origin to a mixture of the Bulldog of ancient Britain with the old Talbot Hound . He is usually of a brindled colour , or buff , with dark ears and muzzle . ‘Chicken’, a dog belonging to the 43rd regiment , stood twenty-nine inches and a half in height at the shoulder . He was very gentle to human beings , but was not to be trifled with by his own kind , for on one occasion he killed his brother in combat . Chicken was once passing up Union Street at Plymouth , when he was beset by a troop of curs who at length actually impeded him in his walk , and excited his anger , on which he paused , raised one of his hind legs , and astonished them all . The disposition of the Mastiff is characterized by courage , generosity , and forbearance : even the midnight marauder will be held by him uninjured until human aid arrives , provided he refrain from struggle or resistance . The attacks of puny antagonists are despised ; but if they become intolerable , the noble Mastiff is satisfied with showing his contempt , or inflicting chastisement of rather a humiliating than a painful nature . The story of the Mastiff who, when greatly annoyed by the incessant barking of a little cur , took him by the back of the neck , and dropped him over a quay wall into the river , is well known ; but I recollect an instance of this nature when the Mastiff , standing for a moment contemplating the struggles of his late tormentor , and perceiving that the current was likely to carry him awa y, actually sprang into the wate r, and rescued him from his dangerous position . The English Mastiff is now very rare , even more so than that of the Alps . He was in high esteem formerly as a watch-dog , but is now generally superseded in that duty by the Newfoundland , who is more than competent to supply his place .' -At left – A standard-wise outstanding head study taken from a XIXc Prussian magazine and subtitled in blackletter type ‘Mastiff Brindles Duke’. Brindles refers to the kennel name ‘Brindle’ of the Dutch gentleman Mr Gerbrand Deetman who , acc to the KCSB , bred Brindles Gladys b March ’95 (Jonathan ex Montgomery II’ daughter Eldees Maid) ; Brindles Duke ‘could’ have been her sis ; in that case he was also brother to ch Holland' Black Boy & US ch  Black Peter ; Mr Deetman once owned also ch Ogilvie' son  ch Mark Antony who sired the Dutch bred Black Anthony (see pic MISCELLANEA No 29) .

The Editor of ‘Irish Wolfhound Times’ (Irish Wolfhound Database and Breed Information Exchange) remarks quite interestingly – ‘Richardson lived in Dublin - Ireland , which is a bit out of the way for keeping in touch with dog breeding in England and Scotland . Dog shows existed in Ireland and English and Scottish exhibitors would travel to these shows , probably a lot less so than they do today because of the logistics of travelling across the Irish Channel in those olden day s. It may therefore be that Richardson only had a limited exposure to what was happening in the broader world of dog breeding . Undoubtedly Richardson would have travelled to attend Crufts Dog Show at which he would have seen all breeds, and he also attended English dog shows as an exhibitor, but with what regularity or frequency is unknown . This IWT author holds the view, that in the absence of any further information, Richardson' knowledge of breeds was probably limited , and that he would have had to rely upon third parties to tell him about certain breeds and their development . In fact he does precisely this - rely upon a third party for a description of Mastiffs , and that third party description also failed to include the Lyme Hall Mastiffs .’ (end) -  It must be stressed that , throughout history until the very present-day , canine writers mainly ‘presumed/presume’ a lot of things based upon 'intrinsically' restricted and thereby unverified information . And therefore best to be taken with thé usual grain of salt …

At right – A cold painted Mastiff bronze of stunning quality – by Franz Xavier Bergman (or his son Franz Xavier Jr 1861-’36) . Father Bergman was born in Gablonz - Northern Bohemia but came to Vienna where he founded a small bronze factory in 1860 . Bronzes cast in the Bergman foundry are usually stamped with a capital 'B' placed in a twin handled vase and often inscribed 'Geschutzt' referring to the model/design being 'registered' or copyrighted . As an artist Bergman himself had a distinctive signature 'Nam Greb' which reads Bergman in reverse .

No 76) From l to r – Benton foundation brood Westcrofts Shiela , her son Benton Adonis (1 cc under all-rounder Mr JJ Holgate – res cc King Agrippa) & his brother B- Timothy  by ch Bulger’ brother ch Westcroft Blaise ; Shiela - litter sis of Brunhilde (dam to the Hardingham litter) & Portia (maternal granddam of Menai Victoria) - , b Aug ’22 out of Ruthless Defender’ niece Jessica sired by ch Weland . The KCSB mentions Miss HM Liddell & Mr HC Liddell as breeders of this 1st Benton litter ; the OEMC Handbook 1929 mentions five Liddells as members , ie Mr EM Liddell , Mr & Mrs HC Liddell and Mr & Mrs RG Liddell , all of them residing at Martello Place  . Miss HM Liddell was a member of the Royal Astronomical Society founded in 1820 , one of the most prestigious societies for astronomers , astrophysicists & geophysicists , however it seeks to educate all who are interested and willing to learn . Most of the fellows are professional scientists or students working on post-graduate degrees .

Edward Mather Liddell’ grandparents Edward Liddell Esq 1815-1879 & Anne Amelia Grainger – ‘86 resided at Newcastle upon Tyne’ Benton Park , also known as Benton House and later referred to as Red Hall or even Benton Park Hall . Edward Liddell , formerly of Jesmond Park , purchased Benton Park 1871 and remained in the possession of the Liddells until 1897 .

Hereabove a partly view on  the Benton kennels . Excerpt from advert – ‘Even though the address of the Benton kennels is Felixstowe , they are actually located about six miles away at Hollesley , a small Suffolk village . Hidden away as they are in the country side , they are actually only about two miles away from the sea , thus combining the bracing sea air of the East Coast with the fresh air of the country ; little wonder that the inmates of the Benton, Mastiff kennels are so healthy . Here the dogs have free access to about five acres of fenced-in grasslandwhere the dogs are permitted to romp about at will with also plenty of road exercise . There are always under the watchful eye of a resident kennelman . The owner of the Bentons is a sterling sportsman , win or lose , it is all the same to him .’ - At right - Hellingly Brian bred by Benton owner (ch Hellingly Joseph x Benton Elizabeth .

The 2nd KCSB reg litter was born Aug ’28 out of Adonis & Timothy’ sis Benton Elizabeth sired by ch Hellingly Joseph resulting in a/o Hellingly Brian & Benton Jasper , the latter exported to the American Miss/Mrs Emilie Hill . The 3rd & 4th (thereby) last Benton litter was born Feb ’29 & Sept ’30 , both out of Benton Nanette (ch Ashenhurst Cedric ex ch King Baldur’ daughter Hardingham Lady Lydia) sired by Benton Adonis ; not less nine siblings were KCSB registred , a/o Benton Stephen (see above at left) who got four reserve cc’s , ie under Major Harding a reserve cc at Crufts ’30 only 12m old  (cc ch Hellingly Joseph)  , under Mr Holland Buckley (cc ch Hellingly Joseph) , under Mr Wm Hunter Johnston (cc ch Uther Penarvon) & under allrounder WJ Nichols (cc ch Cleveland Premier’ son Hellingly Victor – bred by MR Fred Hawkings) . Above in the centre & at right - Benton Joan (late Miss Hitchings’ Wantley Joan) b Nov ’25 & bred by Mr AW Merrill out of Beckdale Amazon sired by ch Cleveland Premier’ brindle brother C- Chancellor .

Benton Joan was extensively campaigned by the Liddells in ‘29/30 , winning  a/o a  cc under  Mr Sam Crabtree (reserve cc ch Hellingly Joy) and two reserve cc’s under Mr Herbert Cook (cc ch Woden’ daughter ch Helga) & Dr Aubrey Ireland (cc ch Helga’ sis ch Ursula) . Note – Benton Joan’ dam Beckdale Amazon , b April ’24 , was bred by Countess Hollender (née Josephine Madge Snell) out of Lynsted Lady sired by ch Woden’ sire Poor Joe . Countess Hollender’ husband Major Count Vivian Cecil Hollender was a keen supporter of the Bull-Terrier & Bull-Mastiff breeds and also judged the Mastiff classes at the Big Breeds Society – Olympia London awarding the cc’s to Hellingly King Baldur & ch Hellingly Prudence , the latter bred by Tiddicar breeder Mr Leonard Crook .

Hereabove at left an article written by  Count Hollender in 1912 about the time the Mastiff popularity was in a lull ; at right - the front cover of Count Hollender' Bull-Terrier booklet , being part of a whole series of  cheap priced softback breed booklets (a/o also The St Bernard & English Mastiff by W Bullen & Mrs Norah Dickin) printed & published   by Watmoughs Ltd Bradford , also owner of the  'Dog World' newspaper . Note -  Actress Patricia Hollender, daughter of Count and Countess Vivian Hollender , played important parts in British films 'Money For Nothing', 'Above Rubies' and 'Illegal' .

There’s a source which mentions EM Liddell & HC Liddell as participants at the Monte Carlo Rally January 1933 with a Lagonda racing car . Note - the two-litre Lagonda Monte Carlo Team Car , driven by TC Mann in 1931 , established with 3 min 33 secs  a new class record at the Mont des Mules hill climb and the car also did the Monte Carlo Rally in 1932 .

No 77) Parts of ‘Our Dogs’ articles dd ’33 & ’38 written by Mr ‘Dick’ Voss (in full -Richard Zahn Hartwig Voss 1880-1948) of Booth Lea Bulldog kennels , Flixton Lancs . Being a well-known cricketer aside , Mr Voss seems to have been the then most prominent Bulldog historian who has kept , bred & exhibited Bulldogs since 1905 ; his best one was reportedly the home-bred ‘Mister John Bull’ whose death at 18 month of age in ’31 was a tragedy .

Mr Voss  was seemingly convinced that Pug blood was instrumental in producing fawn smut coloured English Bulldogs , very short in face with noses exceptionally well laid back (‘though it probably also produced small noses and pinched nostrils’) and regularly presenting a screw tail . The last alinea here mentions the hearsay that – ‘in the middle of the (18)90s a small Mastiff bitch was on one or more occasions mated to a Bulldog in order to produce (Bull)dogs of greater size & substance .’ – A presumption which could have played part in the puzzle regarding then Mastiffs , obviously retroussé in muzzle end annex pinched nostrils & screw tails combined with a rather down-sized overall stature , so perhaps Puggy relics  transmitted via the Bulldog & Bull-Mastiff into the Mastiff breed .

No 78) Hereabove - Photograph of Mrs Oliver with Hellingly pups , taken from an Our Dogs' advert Dec '30 ; the '31 Hellingly advert mentions a/o that her husband - 'has traced the pedigree of every Mastiff exhibited in the country , having them all complete and in card-index form' .

Further , a quite informative report of the Blackpool Show June ’34 by Mrs Jess Wilson Oliver of Hellingly kennels . Just like her husband Mr Edmund G Oliver she expressed her aversion to undershot mouths but it did not keep her from awarding the female cc to ch Woden’ granddaughter Broomcourt Comedienne ; male cc went to the fawn Tiddicar General (out of ch Hellingly Ajax’ daughter Tiddicar Venus sired by ch Hellingly Cardinal – see head study at right  annex the Olivers' daughter Mary together with three Hellingly champions , ie fr l to r - Joy b '29 , Josephine b '28 &  her  daugtherPatricia b '30 ) .

In the introduction she refers to the Big Breeds show ’33 at Ranelagh , where the all-rounder Mr Chris Houlker gave the Open class cards to ch Hellingly Joseph 1st , ch Hellingly Ajax 2nd & ch Hellingly Cardinal 3rd ; Hellingly Honor’ daughter ch Ileden Vol 1st , ch Hellingly Joy 2nd & ch Hellingly Josephine 3rd .

Mrs Jess W Oliver judged Mastiff classes three times at championship level ; her other appointments were at Leeds Aug ’30 (cc’s - ch Arolite & Miss Bell’ ch Helga - by ch Woden) and Glasgow Feb ‘35 (cc’s - Mr Dishington’ Hellingly Anthony - by ch Hellingly Joseph & Mr Watson’ Broomcourt Bess - ch King Baldur' granddaughter) .

Note - Mrs Jess W Oliver , née Jessie Wilson Paton , was born at Ayr (Scotland) and married Lt-Col Richard Robert Forbes but they divorced and in '20,  at Kensington - London  , she remarried the forty years old Mr Edmund Giffard Oliver . In the later part of the 1920s they moved to Winkenhurst , a small hamlet near  Hellingly and some twenty mls away from Great Britain' South Coast . In the summer of '33 they went to Bedale Hall , Bedale Yorks , some three-hundred mls northward .

No 79) The Olivers were only a dozen years within the breed but their overall impact upon the breed was a one-off in Mastiff history . The last KCSB registered Hellingly bred Mastiff was Mrs A White’ H- Gertrude , b Nov ’36 – Joseph’ son Trelyon Dick ex ch Hellingly Cardinal’ daughter ch Hellingly Prudence  , and at the Kennel Club Show Olympia London , December ’38 , their brindle ch Hellingly Mark (b Jan ’33 – ch Hellingly Marksman ex ch Hellingly Ajax’ dam Lumbering Sheila) provided the very last challenge award (cc) for the Hellingly strain .

At left – A silent witness dd 1939 echoing the opulent Hellingly fairy tale which came to a tragic end by the death of Mr Oliver (January '39) followed by a ‘revealing’ court case ; the prosecution said that between 1917-’39 the solicitors Harold Manaton Ommanney & EG Oliver had drawn £163.000 from trust funds belonging to their clients , a/o the Duchess of Westminster . At June 28th 1939 , five years‘ imprisonment was imposed on Harold Manaton Ommanney , 54 , solicitor , after his conviction of charges of fraudently converting £163.000 worth of his clients’ money and conspiracy . The defence pleaded that overdrawings began during the war when Ommanney was serving in the Naval Reserve . The judge , in passing sentence , said that Ommaney has cruelly plundered his clients for years . Mr HM Ommanney died in ’64 .

At right –A Buick Limousine 8 dd ‘36 , one of the car models owned by the Olivers , was used to ferry King Edward VIII to Downing Street where he announced to Prime Minister Baldwin his intentions to abdicate the throne for his love of his life , the American Mrs Wallis Simpson  ; their Buick became dubbed as the 'most romantic car in the world' .

80) It’s impossible to reveal the roots regarding the downfall of the already iconic Hellingly fame but one thing might be sure . For Mr EG Oliver , b June 5th ’79 , the Great War years were dominated by misfortune , ie being wounded serving the 4th Batallion of the Essex Regiment as a Major , his brother killed at the battle of the Somme in ’16  , the dissoluton  (by mutual consdent) of the solicitors firm 'Edm Ward Oliver & son' , losing his 79y old father Edmund Ward Oliver  the next year , and nine years after he married Violet Greenwood (daughter of Sir Granville George Greenwood , MP for Peterborough) , his wife petitioned for divorce in ’18  , probably due to his affair with Mrs Jess Wilson Forbes née Paton whom he married in ’20 . It also was the period the financial swindle began at the ‘Sutton , Ommanney & Oliver’ solicitors firm .

Hereabove the judge report by Mr Edmund G iffard Oliver re the Blackpool Show two years later on (June ’36)  , just the week-end before the court case ‘Oliver vs Dickin’ re the infringement of copyright by the latter (the then OEMC Secretary) in the booklet ‘The St Bernard & The English Mastiff’ . Yet Mr Oliver , in his prelude , cannot refrain from blackening the old club , thereby riding his hobbyhorse , ie his utter aversion with respect to undershot mouths and the 2:1 skull/muzzle ratio .

At left – ch Tiddicar General , centre – his brother T- Black Prince & at right Deleval Ascelin . Some info re the prized Blackpool ’36 Show specimens - Ileden Gunner , I- Chatelaine & I- Chieftain (b Aug ’35 & bred by Mrs Lilian Woods - ch Hellingly Ajax’ son Hellingly Duke ex ch Hellingly Joseph’ daughter Ileden Biddy) ; Jeanne d’Arc (b Aug ’35 & bred by Mr Fred Webb – ch Benvolio’ son Hillcote Ben Rowen ex Menai Comet’ granddaughter Lady Julie) ; Broomcourt Babette & Mr/Mrs Young’ Sandy Gay Lass (b March ’34 ch Hellingly Marksman ex ch Broomcourt Comedienne) ; Tiddicar Prince Michael & T- Bess (b April ’33 - ch Hellingly Ajax ex Wantley Jeffrey’daughter Break of Day) ; ch Tiddicar General & ch T- Diana & T- Black Prince (b April ’33 - ch Hellingly Cardinal ex ch Hellingly Ajax’ daughter Tiddicar Venus) ; Deleval Ascelin (b Sept ’31 – Menai Comet’ son Mrs Dickins Thor ex ch Woden’ daughter Deleval Gyda) .

Deleval Ascelin (owned by the OEMC members Mr/Mrs Mark Young , farmer & market gardener of The Towers - Sandy Bedfordshire)  got the Crufts ’35 cc under Cleveland breeder Mr Herbert Cook (reserve cc - Broomcourt Jem) . The Youngs bred a litter dd Sept ’29 out of Wantley Bretwalda Maid sired by ch Cleveland Premier resulting in the Olivers’ Hellingly Roger & Dervot Dantes , the latter exported to a Mr Dudley Leland - US .

Fr l to r – Ch Hellingly Ajax , Selene (ch Ashenhurst Cedric ex ch King Baldur’ granddaughter Brigeawa) , Tiddicar Black Prince & brother ch T- General , Tiddicar Major (ch Hellingly Ajax ex Selene) & Beta (ch Hellingly Ajax ex Almeda) .

Re-reading the Blackpool reports of resp Mrs Jess W Oliver & Mr EG Oliver , it’s quite apparent that both of them made a positive note re ch Tiddicar General’ length of body , ie – ‘body correct length’ & ‘excellent in length of body’ , meanwhile omitting any reference re his breadth of body which , based upon both his pics , looks breed-wise disproportionately narrow compared to his overall stature , an observation which becomes even more  striking  by comparison to  Deleval Ascelin’ photograph , ie a Mastiff , although a tad cow-hocked , presenting a stance , quite natural but firmly four-square  . Mr Oliver’ quote – ‘If we shall seek to convert the Mastiff into a large Bulldog’ – may perhaps explain that definite breadth of body was not of prime importance , neither for him nor his wife , but standard-wise proportionate breadth of body is a structural issue and may certainly not be overlooked within the whole scope .

No 81) With respect to Mr Oliver’ quote – ‘If we shall seek to convert the Mastiff into a large Bulldog’ , one may assume his stumbling block referred to the OEMC nucleus aka Mrs Scheerboom , Miss Bell & Mrs Dickin  . Miss Bell’ ch Uther Penarvon (perhaps referring to King Arthur' father Uther Pendragon) , was born Oct ’29 & bred by Miss Bell out of  Havengore Bill’ daughter Bilichilde by ch Arolite’ nephew Rufus , was quite successful in the show ring .  Cc at the Crystal Palace’ Kennel Club Show Oct ’30 under Mr Wm Hunter Johnston (reserve Benton Stephen) , cc at the Birmingham Show Dec ’30 under all-rounder Dr Aubrey Ireland (reserve King Agrippa) . 3rd Open at Crufts Feb ’31 under Mr WN Higgs (cc ch Hellingly Joseph , reserve Mrs Dickin’ Thor) ; 3rd Open at the  LKA London May ’31 under Cleveland breeder Mr H Cook (cc ch Hellingly Ajax , reserve ch Westcrofts Blaise’ son Weirdwood Beau Geste) , cc at Birmingham Dec ’31 under Mr Guy P Greenwood (reserve ch Arolite’ son Satelite) . Reserve cc at Crufts ’32 under Mr Wm Hunter Johnston (cc ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ grandson ch Cinque Ports Michael) and cc at Crufts ’33 under Mr Guy P Greenwood (reserve ch Cinque Ports Michael) . Above pictures presenting Miss Ianthe Bell with ch Uther Penarvon & his cousin Hermia .

Ch Uther Penarvon sired KCSB registered offspring from nine different litters , ie 1) dd March ‘31 out of ch Westcroft Blaise’ daughter Lady Hildur (ch Deleval Alftruda’ sire The Druid & Sir Timothy who sired Goring Brockwell – 2 cc’s) , 2) Sept ’32 out of Lady Hildur (Hammercliffe Remus’ sire Herga Pluto) , 3) March ’34 out of Mrs Dickins Thor’ daughter Deleval Sybilla (Goring Pennick) 4) dd March ’34 out of ch Benvolio’ daughter Pauline (Despot & Duchess) , 5) Jan ’35 out of ch Havengore Bill’ daughter Hermia (ch Petronella & Prunella) , 6) May ’35 out of The Druid’ daughter Ducia (Druina – 2 cc’s) , 7) June ’35 out of Menai Anglesea’ daughter Janice (Goring Robert & G- Randy) , 8) Aug ’36 out of Ducia (Broomcourt Defiant) & 9) out of Cleveland Comedian’ granddaughter Deleval Boadicea (Coldblow Sally’ dam Hortia , Cydella & Boy Harold) .

Compared to Penarvon , Miss’ Bell other ‘undershot’ champion Lady Turk (see at left next to her fawn sis Hermia) was a late bloomer but certainly not Mr Oliver’ cup of tea .

B July ’29 & bred by Miss Bell out of ch Arolite’ niece Nerica sired by ch Havengore Bill , she got the reserve cc at Crufts ’33 under Mr GP Greenwood (cc ch Cleveland Ponoroggo) , that same year followed by two cc’s , ie under Wm Hunter Johnston (Hellingly Helga)  & Dr Aubrey Ireland (reserve ch Hellingly Josephine) . At Richmond July ’34 the rather small-sized Lady Turk was made up (3rd cc) under Mr GP Greenwood (reserve ch Havengore Bill’ daughter Hermia who later on obtained two cc’s , resp under Mr Greenwood & Dr Ireland) .

Ch Lady Turk was the 1st brindle Mastiff female champion since Lt-Col Z Walker’ ch Charming Duchess , born June ’11 ; ch Hellingly Beta , b Oct ’33 & bred by Trelyon breeder Mrs JH Thomas out of Hellingly Sylvia and sired by ch Hellingly Cardinal , being the only other brindle female ever made up since ch Charming Duchess .

By way of illustrating the ‘non-Bulldog’ aspirations of the Olivers , here at right a photograph of Trelyon Dick , purchased by the Olivers around end ‘33/early ‘34 . He got a cc at Birmingham Nov ’34 under the all-rounder Mr Croxton Smith and three reserve cc’s in ‘35 , ie at the Big Breeds Canine Society under Mr WN Higgs (cc ch Hellingly Marksman) , at Leeds under all-rounder Mr Chris Houlker (cc ch Tiddicar General) & at Blackpool where the cc went to ch Broomcourt Black Mask under Mr Sam Crabtree who in his Crufts ’34 report mentioned – ‘Trelyon Dick , quite good in formation of the head , with ample bone , stands on good legs & feet ; his rather light condition was against him’ . -

His photograph shows a sound upstanding but leggy male of actually quite indifferent pale breed quality lacking a/o the required filling up under the eye ; Trelyon Dick sired only one KCSB reg litter , namely the last KCSB registered Hellingly litter (dd Nov ’36) containing  H- Gertrude owned by a Mrs A White .

No 82) This table shows the steady increase of the Bull-Mastiff breed since its KC recognition dd 1923 up to 378 in ’36 , almost tripling the number of Mastiff registrations ; the Great Dane breed being confirmed as by far the most ‘popular’ amongst extra-large breeds (incl the Irish Wolfhound) and also the St Bernard was obviously ahead in numbers compared to the Mastiff breed until the period 1927-’31 when the latter nearly equalled the numbers during the breed’ Victorian heyday (early 1880s) .

Other traceable numbers of Mastiff registrations are , for  1883 (+200) , 1890 (116)  , 1900 (24) , 1906 (48) , 1934 (173)  , 1935 (184) & 1936  (129) .  Average numbers of Post-WW II Mastiff litters - in the 1950s (12) , 1960s (19) , 1970s (31) , 1980s (64) & 1990s (81) . Assuming an average of 4 or 5 pups pro litter , it becomes clear that , after the end of the war , it took more than thirty years in order to approach the numbers of registrations made during the years 1927/’31 when a bunch of dedicated Mastiff enthusiasts made their appearance , a/o the Olivers , Miss Bell , Mr/Mrs Scheerboom , &c .

Note - In Our Dogs’ Mems , dd Jan ’32 , Mr EG Oliver of Hellingly kennels stated – ‘my wife has bred more than 300 Mastiff puppies during the last five years’ - which should mean that , the breeding of non-registered puppies aside , Hellingly was responsible for about one third of the then Mastiff registrations. He also mentioned re Mr Herbert Cook of Cleveland kennels – ‘during the 24 years of his supervision (ed note – since ’08) , he says that more than 1000 Mastiff puppies has been bred by his father and himself’- .

This table about KC Show entries (Crystal Palace & Edinburgh) indicates that Mastiffs were proportionately rather well represented , ie on the whole definitely more than Bull-Mastiffs , Newfoundlands & St Bernards and even achieving in ’27 an entry volume of 81 , only 37 numbers less than the very popular Great Dane breed harboring a/o the 'mammoth' kennels Ouborough (of Mr James Voase Rank) & 'Send' (of Mr Gordon Stewart)  .

Mr Wm Bullen (Sunmere kennels) , co-author of ‘The St Bernard & English Mastiff’ booklet dd ’36 stated – ‘Romeo , b ’27 - weight 220 lbs , was without doubt the finest & most glorious specimen ever produced & owned by Mrs Staines of Abbots Pass kennels . Breeders of to-day owe a great debt of gratitude to Mrs Staines , owner of the premier St Bernard kennels . It is this good lady (ed note - Mrs Evelyn K Staines) who has not only restored the breed but produced typical sound St Bernards of notability , so desirable and necessary in these majestic dogs .’

Colors & length of coat aside , this Romeo’ St Bernard type is still to observe in the present-day Mastiff (show) population and ignorantly confused with correct Mastiff type . Do notice , amongst others ,  Romeo’ overall proportions which are definitely Mastiff-atypical , ie lacking the desired breadth all through (from chest to hind quarters) ; other 'Romeo-like' features faultily  present in a definite number of to-day Mastiffs are the form , carriage & overlarge size of ears and the 'cascades' of folds which harmfully overload the outer eyelid corners .

General disclaimer - In drawing comparisons as such , it’s only meant to criticize dogs as they appear in illustrations , not with the desire of arriving at a conclusion of their actual merits but in the hope that such remarks may render it easier for readers to study themselves the points of living Mastiffs !

No 83) Tiddicar breeder Leonard Crook 1893-1966 married in ’21 Miss Eleanor Andrews at Bispham’ All Hallows Church (see pic) . In ’23 they got involved into the Mastiff breed and their kennel was named after their early place of residence , ie Bispham’ Tiddicar lane (now Cavendish Road) referring to the Bispham ‘Tidaker’ area nr Blackpool . Mr Crook was then recorded as a ‘Motor Engineer’ ; they moved on to a nearby address , ie 538 Devonshire Road Bispham . The Lancashire Evening Post dd 05 Oct '32 contains a photograph of Master Raymond Crook and his father' Old English Mastiff. Mr Leonard Crook' 49y old wife Eleanor died in ’43 and Leonard , then recorded as ‘Builder’ , married in ’45 Elsie May Leighton  .  There’s , as far as known , no Mastiff record of him afterwards .

Tiddicar’ first KCSB litter was out of Brigeawa sired by ch Ashenhurst Cedric ; this linebreeding towards ch Cedric’ sire Ashenhurst Duke [present in F2 , F3, F4 & F5] resulted in a/o King Leon & his sis Selene [one challenge certificate certificate ~ under WJ Nichols , beating ch Hellingly Josephine and a reserve at Blackpool under Sam Crabtree beaten by ch Hellingly Patricia]  .

At left – fr l to r  Mr/Mrs Crook’ trio , ie youngster Tiddicar Major , Bisphamite & Selene and next to them Mr Bob Thomas’ dark apricot Menai Anglesea .

Selene gave three litters sired by ch Hellingly Ajax ; amongst their children were Leon McLean , Kinder Monarch  , The Mhor , Major   , Venus and Dinah .

Miss M Farquahar’ Leon McLean got one challenge certificate , namely at Edinburgh under mr Chris Houlker , beating Hellingly Brian ; Leon went on to be third to the Best in Show winner . His brother Kinder Monarch entered only twice the KC Stud Books , both times winning the challenge .

The Mhor got two reserve certificates ; at Edinburgh ’34 under Mr Geo Wallwork , beaten by his sire ch Hellingly Ajax (to be seen at old age herebove at the extreme right) and ch Hellingly Cardinal in 3rd place and at Edinburgh ’36 under Mr Holland Buckley , beaten by Leonard Crook’ ch General and Tiddicar Prince Michael in 3rd place . Selene’ daughter Venus was bred twice to ch Hellingly Cardinal and produced three champions ~ General , Diane & Prudence whereas Black Prince got a reserve cc under Mr EG Oliver , reserve cc for  ch Hellingly Anthony and ch Broomcourt Marcon in 3rd place & finally Comfly who got two 3rd prizes .

Ch T- General got his 1st cc not yet fourteen months old at Blackpool ‘34 , under the judging of Mrs Jess W Oliver , reserve Broomcourts Prince Boris & 3rd ch Black Mask ; 2nd  cc under Mr Chris Houlker , reserve Trelyon Dick & 3rd Hellingly Anthony ; 3rd cc at Blackpool ’36 , under Mr EG Oliver , reserve cc Tiddicar Prince Michael & 3rd Deleval Ascelin ; his 4th cc came at Edinburgh under Mr Holland Buckley , reserve The Mhor  & 3rd Tiddicar Prince Michael . Ch Tiddicar Diana got cc awards from Mr EG Oliver [reserve Broomcourt Babette & 3rd Tiddicar Dinah] , from Mr WJ Nichols [reserve ch Prudence & 3rd Tiddicar Comely] and from Dr J Aubrey Ireland ,  [reserve ch Deleval Alftruda & 3rd ch Petronella] ;  ch  Prudence [registered – of Hellingly] received them from Mr Holland Buckley [reserve ch Deleval Alftruda & 3rd Goring Scylla] , from Mr J Garrow [reserve Ileden Chatelaine & 3rd ch Petronella] and from Mr Arthur Croxton Smith [reserve ch Deleval Alftruda & 3rd Ileden Chatelaine] .

The Tiddicars , mainly based upon the ‘ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ line ,  were certainly a force to be reckoned , ie ,  their Selene being strongly linebred to Cedric' sire Ashenhurst Duke , Ajax ('presumably' sired by Cedric’ grandson ch Arolite) and also ch Hellingly Cardinal  tracing back to Cedric whereas the latter was also great grandson of Cedric’ sis ch Bernicea.

Fr l to r - Mr/Mrs Crook’ Beta [ch Hellingly Ajax ex Almeda unr] , ch Hellingly Cardinal’ son ch Tiddicar General & Tiddicar Prince Michael [ch Hellingly Ajax x Wantley Jeffrey’ daughter Break of Day] . Beta being older sis of Tiddicar Orlando (see above at right) owned by Geo Chas Bonner of Ye Two Brewers Hotel , 78-80 Perry Hill – Catford .

Tiddicar bred from ’27 until ’38 eleven KCSB registered litters , the same number as Deleval of Mrs Winifred M Edger  and only surpassed by the Hellingly’s of Mr & Mrs Oliver , reaching not less than eighteen . The last Tiddicar litter , born Febuary 1938 , was out of champion Tiddicar Diana sired by ch Hellingly Ajax ’son Tiddicar Prince Michael , the latter bred by Mr N Clarke , out of Break of Day [Wantley Jeffry x Sweet Memory] ; so this litter was a line breeding son/granddaughter of ch Hellingly Ajax .

Hereabove – Tiddicar Prince Michael’ maternal grandsire Wantley Jeffry , b ’28 & owned by Miss Freda Dalton of  Buxton , perhaps related to the then  stage actress Miss Florence Dalton and perhaps an acquaintance of Menai breeder Mr Bob Thomas , former actor in the US and later on entertainment manager  at The Hydro - Buxton .

That last Tiddicar litter contained  a/o Tiddicar Donogan who got a 1st prize Mid Limit at the last pre-war championship show , namely at the Harrogate Kennel Association , September 2nd , 1939 under Mr S Warburton ; another one  from this litter was Tiddicar Hermit whom was given as a Christmas present to the late OEMC President Mrs Pamela Day of Hollesley - Pyleigh Manor - by her sister . She was one of the few people who had a Mastiff through the war living in the countryside as she was able to make use of rabbits for foodstuff .

No 84) Mr William Herbert Calcott & his kennel manager Mr W Smith of Thornby kennels [Fox Terriers & Mastiffs] , Kenilworth , Warwickshire . The ‘Our Dogs’ advert dd Dec ’27 mentions ~ ‘Mr Calcott has gained a very special knowledge of dogs from a veterinary point of view , having closely studied this subject , and is now in the position to detect any ailment they are subject to and at once apply a remedy . Ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ son King Agrippa [ed note - brother to T Rumney’ ch Superbus] still holds pride of place ; a massive , very good headed dog of the right type , with a body to match ; ample bone , with good legs and feet . He is a big winner , having secured two certificates , and as a sire he is proving invaluable to the Mastiff fancy .

The illustration (at right) shows Mr Smith with two young puppies by King Agrippa out of ch Woden’ sis Thora , whilst there are two young dogs by the same sire that look like making history this coming year . Three other matrons and a few other promising youngsters make up a good kennel .’ Note – The Thornby kennels came to an early end in ’29 by the untimely death of Mr Calcott at only 43y old .

King Agrippa , b. October 1924 , firstly owned by Mr/Mrs E Nolan and only at an adult age purchased by WH Calcott , started off his show career rather lately , winning his awards in 1927 under the ‘olden  time’ specialist William Hunter Johnson [ 2nd his brother ch Superbus & 3rd ch Cleveland Premier ]  and under Herbert Cook of the Cleveland kennels [2nd ch Arolite & 3rd ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ son Menai Anglesea] . Photograph at right – fr l to r - his brother ch Superbus , Glencroft Bess , Wantley Rowena & Cleveland Nispha .

King Agrippa got reserves at Crufts under Robert Leadbetter , beaten by his brother ch Superbus ; under William N Higgs , beaten by  ch Woden ; under Dr Aubrey Ireland , again beaten by his brother ; under AJ Thorpe , beaten by ch Havengore Bill and finally his 5th reserve under JJ Holgate , beaten by ch Westcroft Blaise’ son Benton Adonis . They certainly were quite worthful winners , but what a shame for this quality specimen of the Mastiff breed ! Below at left ch Menai Yosemite' sis ch Beechwood Queen (ch King Baldur ex ch Ashenhurst Bernicea) owned by Mr WH Calcott – Thornby kennels . Queen collected not less than six cc’s but remained without KCSB reg progeny . Quite tricky to weigh up a Mastiff' virtues vs shortcomings based upon one picture but it seems  her narrow front spoiled the overall appearance of this otherwise quality female .

The KCSB mentions only one Mastiff sired by King Agrippa , ie Penn King Peter (bred by Wyndley breeder Miss FM Crump out of ch Menai Juno)  ; Mrs RL Kent of Penn kennels (White Lodge Showell Lane  Lower Penn – Wolverhampton) bred a litter dd Jan ’30 out of  ch Havengore Christopher’ maternal aunt Penn Lady Patricia (ch Havengore Bill x ch Woden’ daughter Deleval Gyda) sired by Penn King Peter which resulted in a/o King Agrippa’ grandson Penn Prince Patrick (above at right) exported to Mr/Mrs Wardwell Jones  who purchased in ‘30 the estate of General Charles L De Bevoise at Saugatuck avenue Westport Fairfield Conn - US ; Mr Wardwell Jones was an enthusiastic yachtsman .

No 85) This article dd Nov ’34 mentions the ‘Castle Milk Cup’ for best brindled Mastiff bred by the exhibitor , a trophy offered by Sir John Buchanan-Jardine [1900-1969] , a baronet  living at Castle Milk , Lockerbie - Scotland . He owned the light brindle Hellingly Amaryllis [Hellingly Brian x Hellingly Antonia] , 1st Mid-Limit at the Big Breeds Canine Society Show Hune ‘36, Olympia London , under W Norman Higgs whom awarded the bitch challenge to ch Hellingly Josephine , runner up Hellingly Duchess . Hellingly Antonia produced also champion Hellingly Antony sired by ch Hellingly Joseph .

Sir John Buchanan Jardine bred a litter out of Hellingly Amaryllis sired by Hellingly Queen Bess’ brother Hellingly Robert (see his head study below at right) , which resulted in Hellingly Rita owned by Mr Horace Westmacott Noble of Elmhurst kennels , a/o 3rd Limit prizes at Harrogate ’35 & Crufts ’37 . Mr HW Noble was a stock & share broker and grandson to of the expert on explosives Sir Andrew Noble 1831-1915 .

Sir John Buchanan Jardine (see above at left with his wife) was the son of Sir Robert William whom bred and raced the 1000 Guineas winner Cinna ; the best horse owned by Sir John was Nothing Venture , trained by Felix Leach , winner of the Ayr Gold Cup and the Wokingham Handicap. Captain Sir John Buchanan-Jardine was head of the firm of Jardine , Matheson & Co, one of the biggest British merchant firms in China , a JP for Dumfriesshire & a Master of Foxhounds .

At left & centre pics published end ’30 and depicting resp Hellingly Robert & his litter sis the short-tailed Hellingly Queen Bess b April ‘27 (dam to ch brother Hellingly Cardinal & Marksman and to Hellingly King Baldur) ; at right - Queen Bess at older age . Robert & Queen Bess were NOT bred by the Olivers but by Mr Herbert Cook of Cleveland kennels out of Princess Bunty sired by ch Cleveland Premier’ older brindle brother Cleveland Chancellor .

Before Queen Bess was transferred to the Olivers , Mr Cook bred a litter from Queen Bess sired by his home stud ch Woden’ son Cleveland Comedian which resulted in Broomcourt Prince Boris who sired Broomcourt Jem , the latter renowned as father of double Crufts winner ch Broomcourt Romeo & Broomcourt John , recipient of two cc’s just before WW-II broke out . Mr Cook also owned Princess Bunty’ litter sis Tynedale Queen b Sept ’23 & bred by Mr W Adams out of ch Master Beowulf’ sis Lady Kathleen sired by ch King Baldur .

It’s always easy to criticize Mastiffs on photographic display , so also when looking at the general appearance of Robert (the one at left) at an age of probably 3+ years . The legginess & narrowness is quite striking as also his lack of depth in body all through . But this quite sound conformation may have appealed to some part of the then breed fancy , those who were emphasising upon the upstanding refined looks of canine aristocracy way from any kind of low set burlesque bully  caricaturing of a fine race  , once cherished by the native old nobility .

Robert’ picture shows great flatness between ears perfectly set on & carried , thereby of correct size , eyes wide apart , square muzzle , forelegs straight without any significant weakness off pasterns , no dip in back & thighs of considerable strength . Queen Bess in profile (see centre) shows a breed-wise splendid height/length proportion , ditto depth of body & massive thighs ; on the other hand , her shoebox-like head piece lacks the impression of squareness and her tail is of a peculiar shortness . Queen Bess’ front image leaves not much to be desired ; she was reportedly of rather small size but just like her much taller brother she seems to have been a bit down-faced .

No 86)  An overview chart dd the 1930s showing up prominent names and going back to ch Crown Prince . The creator is unknown but it shouldn’t be surprising if it was designed by the then well-known breed historian Mr EG Oliver of Hellingly kennels . The upper side is badly reprinted but it’s obvious that the name above Westcroft Flavia has to be her ch daughter ‘Hellingly Josephine’ sired by ch Hellingly Joseph (named above) . The arrow down to ch Boadicea links to the name of her dam Sunflower which itself is linked to her sire Beowulf who also fathered ch Master Beowulf (ch Havengore Bill’ sire) . The arrow at the right side of the chart between ch Woden’ son Cleveland Comedian and his triple progeny (Black Mask , &c) needs to be considered in reverse sense .

Thus the upper name of this chart is the brindle Beowulf , b May ’12 & bred by Miss Garland out of ch Hazlemere Ronald’ daughter Berenice sired by Survivor (Invicta’ grandson Adam ex Mellnotte’ daughter Oscott Nora) . The text in the right upper corner mentions a/o that ch Boadicea was sired by ch The Scarlet Pimernel (ed – who was the elder brother of ch Young Mary Bull & Young John Bull , the latter two ch King Baldur’ parents). Note - Beowulf’ litter sis Minerva produced Prince Lie A Bed (sired ch Lady Lieve & Am ch Beowulf’ sire Wingfield Priam) , Princess Lie A Bed (dam of Westcroft ch’s Cleopatra & Chloe) & Collyhurst Squire (ch Woden’ maternal grandsire) .

No 87) Harry Speight’ book ‘Nidderdale & The Garden of the Nidd’ publ 1894 mentions p 456 – ‘Robert Inman of Harefield & Lancaster carried on the merchanting business after his father’ death , and died in 1823 ages 67 , possessed of considerable real & personal property . Only two of his children are represented by issue at the present date , Charles of Leicester who married Jane Clay and is father of the Liverpool family, among whom were the late William Inman (ed – 1825-1881) of the Transatlantic Steamship Line, and Richard (ed - b ’04 & MD) , late of Preston, who in 1833 married Maria, daughter of the late John Fowden Hindle, Esq., a deputy Lieut. of County Lancaster of Bladburn, and sister to John Fowden Hindle , Esq and High Sheriff of co Lancaster in 1844 and who is now represented by George Inman Esq of Maplecroft, Bradford-on-Avon Co Wilts , and Alfred H  Inman, Esq., of Whitby, County York .’

Thus the St Bernard breeder Dr George Inman of Maplecroft was related to Richard Inman of Preston . The Isle of Wight family history society provides the monumental inscription record re Anna Marie Inman (b ‘35/’36) of 6 Newton Villas Heath Rd, Lake Isle of Wight who died in 1919 informing that she was the widow of Richard Henry Inman, Esq, who died in 1864 (which may explain that his sons represented their grandfather) ; the headstone also mentions George Inman who died Oct 1904 and who was buried in Kobe – Japan . At left - Mr William Inman of the Transatlantic Steamship Inman Line , cousin to Dr George Inman’ father Richard Henry .

The Lancashire OnLine Parish Clerk Project mentions Richard Henry Inman , born 27 Feb 1834 St John, Preston, being the son of Dr Richard & Mary Inman of Preston - Lancashire . The London Express: Tuesday, March 19, 1861  p4 – ‘In the year 1855, the petitioner, Mr. Richard Henry Inman , described as a gentleman of good position in Lancashire, married Jane Cresswell, a person of lower station, at St. Helier’s, in the island of Jersey. The parties cohabited in various places till the year 1859. During this time Mrs. Inman, who was a person of very forward and violent temper, was continually quarrelling with her husband, and at length, on the 17th of January, 1859, she left him. Evidence was given to prove that she had since been leading a very profligate life in London—so profligate, in short, that no co-respondent in particular could be cited.  Dr. Phillimore, QC, and Dr. Spinks appeared for the petitioner.  The court pronounced a decree nisi.’ –

Richard Henry Inman is mentioned in the Divorce  Index  of 1858 . The Census 1871 for Preston mentions Alfred H Inman 8y old & George A F Inman 7y old which means that George Inman was born in 1864 , the year his father Richard Henry died (ed – at Hastings) and their French born mother Anna Marie  née Sussenthaler (Mr Inman’ 2nd wife) became a widow . Further on , the book ‘India’ by Pierre Loti was translated from the French by George Arthur F Inman of Bowdon which may make belief that it was the same person as the St Bernard breeder Dr George Inman who , in partnership with Mr Ben Walmsley (b 1871 Bolton) , had his kennels at Bowdon not far away from Lyme Park .

Mr Charles H. Lane described Dr Inman in his ‘Dog Shows And Doggy People’ as – ‘A Lancashire man of independent means , educated for the medical profession but not practising , he has had abundant opportunity to devote himself to his hobby . The first puppy he bought was Isolde (ed – born approx ’88) , bred by Mr Hedley Chapman, by his Champion Plinlimmon b 1883 ex his Lady Eva . She was registered as Isolde  her name appears in the pedigrees of many of the stars from this kennel subsequently .’ - Dr George Inman’ death in 1904 at Kobe Japan is some mystery but some sources mention that plague (cholera?) first visited Japan in 1899, arriving at the port of Kobe, most likely in a merchant vessel carrying old clothes from China . And it is documented that the French Mr Pierre Loti’ book ‘La Troisième jeunesse de Mme Prune’  (transl - The Third Youth of Mrs Plum) , publ in 1905 , resulted from a return visit to Japan . So time-wise , Dr George Inman’ voyage to Japan may have coincided with Monsieur Pierre Loti’ stay in Japan . Above at right – head study of Dr George Inman’ ch Parsifal and a view  of his residence at Bowdon.

No 88) Hereabove at left an ‘Our Dogs’ Mems dd March 10 ’33 - The visit to Captain Piddocke' kennels on the 1st of July 1891 described by the then thirty years old CC Rice who  already has bred his first litter dd Feb ’90 (ch Beaufort’ son Sir Stafford ex ch Orlando’ ch Frigga) – progeny Cardinal Beaufort & ch Frigga Secunda ; the smooth St Bernard bitch sent by the then 27y old Dr Inman may have been one of those early purchased bitches sired by ch Plinlimmon , ie the  half sisters Isolde & Plevna , the latter , according to ‘Breeder & Sportsman’ dd July ‘96 , described as ‘curly coated’ . So perhaps it might have been Dr Inman' Isolde .

At right – judge report of the Birmingham Show Nov 29 – Dec 2 ’97 ; Mastiffs were judged by Mr CC Rice , St Bernards by Mr LCCR Norris-Elye , the one who bred the BOB Kenilworth II out of Custodia (31,780) sired by Sir Hereward (29,214) . Kenilworth II was purchased by MR CL Loft but after been made up he was put up for sale at £750 . At the time of this show Kenilworth II (see drawing in Spratts advert) was owned by Mssrs Inman & Walmsley . The mentioned ‘special for best St Bernard or Mastiff’ was the Birmingham Brewers Cup ; the referee of the day was Mr Fred Gresham , a very reputed St Bernard breeder , and he awarded the prestigious cup to Mr Joseph Royle’ Mastiff ch Peter  Piper , having already won it the year before   .

Note - The St Bernard judge Mr Norris Elye (1848-1918) lived at Orsett Hall - Orsett , ca 25 mls E of London , and was a very fine musician and conductor ; he was well known in the London Music Circle and brought many fine amateurs to Orsett . Note 2 - 'Mr Robert Humphry Thomas’ great achievement , the dream of his heart , he won the Brewers Cup (offered at Birmingham for best Mastiff or St Bernard) for the fourth time with four different dogs and so won it outright ; the winners were ch Ashenhurst Bernicea , her daughter ch Menai Yosemite , her daughter ch Menai Juno , and finally ch Ursula' , - the latter bred by Miss I Bell . Source – Our Dogs’ Mems April 15th ’32 . This Brewers Cup , represented by the Misses Mary & Sara Thomas , became one of the many OEMC Challenge Cups ; it is offered annually at Birmingham show as ‘The Robert H Thomas Memorial Cup’ .

At right – Drawing of Captain Piddocke’ brindle ch Ogilvie b March 1891, probably the then 2y old Mastiff used by St Bernard breeder Dr Inman . The Manchester judge report dd April '91 by Mr Mark Beaufoy  mentions a/o –‘In the Challenge Class Ogilvie won easily . He is a fine, active dog but struck me as being rather low in condition. Had he been 10 lbs heavier, I think he would have looked all the better. His head is very good, and quite what a Mastiff should be; legs and feet are excellent, and he is all round a first-class specimen of a typical Mastiff’ . NB – Lord Stafford 2nd   & Count Orlando 3rd .

No 89)  The name ‘Bracon Tiger’ may suggest a Mastiff of the brindle pattern but he , however , was a fawn born Oct ‘33 , bred by Mr FF Burdett and owned by Mr Guy Ferrand Ferrand  . His sire was Jacques, paternal nephew to Cadwallader (see full size pic at left) and maternal nephew of the dams of resp ch Hellingly Ajax & ch Cinque Ports Michael (see head study below at right) . On the other hand ,  his dam (Mr FF Burdett’ Chessington Cleopatra) shows up a quite queerly pedigree , ie her dam Wearyall Wonder (b Feb ’28 & bred by a Mr W Ostle out of Lady Graceful sired by  Ice-Works Brutus) and her sire Weirbridge Prince (Tiger ex Patience) ; Lady Graceful was born April ’26 & bred by a Mr FF Uttley out of Nancy sired by Blacksmith . All names which cannot be traced back within the KC Stud Books .

Bracon Tiger got a 3rd prize Mid-Limit under Mr Arthur Croxton Smith at the Big Breeds Society Show ’37 – Olympia London . Bracon Tiger’ paternal grand-uncle Cadwalladerwas out of ch Weland’ daughter Portia sired by Ashenhurst Duke . At Crufts ’36 Mr Sam Crabtree wrote about Bracon Tiger 1st Novice Class – ‘ owns a good skull & foreface but his light eyes spoil his expression ; a good-bodied one with ample bone , good legs & feet .’

Mr Guy Ferrand Ferrand , né Busfeild at Edinburgh ’81 , was recorded as a ‘gentleman farmer’ at Bracon Lodge (see above at right) , Bracon Ash – Norwich , who married in ’07 at Winchester Hampshire Miss Muriel Hallifax , daughter of Rear Admiral John Salwey Hallifax ;  she was  Secretary of the Newbury Music Festival for many years .

In the 1911 census he was living at Morland Hall , a 20 room house at Alton Hampshire , with his wife Muriel and their first two children Daphne  and Hugo (Rosemary Priscilla , a violinist & music teacher,  followed in ’12 & in ’16 Nancy Veronica , a driving judge . Guy Ferrand Ferrand was living on private means . Staying with them were his father, William (landowner aged 73), , his sisters Florence Marjorie & Hermione Monica plus a visitor and 7 staff . But in ’25 he deserted his wife with the Governess , the then nineteen years old Miss Barbara Smith , with whom he lived for the rest of his life , and went to Bracon Lodge - Norwich . It seems they have traveled a bit , a/o to Port Said Egypt in ’26 & Gibraltar in ’31 . He died 7 Apr 1946 at Broomhill Lodge , Christow Exeter . Note – His father William has received Royal Licence for himself and his heirs , in compliance with a clause in the will of his uncle the late Mr W Ferrand , to take the surname of Ferrand in lieu of that of Busfeild and to bear the arms of Ferrand . In the Ferrand will case , his uncle was then reported as having a yearly  income of £9,000 (ed note - approx £5 million converted to to-day) . Source – Powys.org

No 90) Hereabove - pic of Miss Crabtree & her father Mr Sam Crabtree , 1861-’44 , annex his canine biography dd ’21 . He judged Mastiff classes eight times at championship level , a/o not less than three times at Crufts . In detail with cc winners  - Birmingham ’22 – Ashenhurst Duke & Boadicea (Cedric’ parents) ; Birmingham ’26 – ch Duke & ch Menai Yosemite ; Richmond ’29 – ch Hellingly Joseph & ch Menai Yosemite ; Darlington ’30 – ch Hellingly Joseph & Cleveland Chancellor’ daughter  Benton Joan ; Manchester ’33 – ch Hellingly Ajax & ch Cleveland Premier’ daughter Hellingly Rowena ; Crufts ’34 - ch Hellingly Marksman & ch Broomcourt Comedienne ; Blackpool ’35 - ch Broomcourt Black Mask & ch Hellingly Duchess ; Crufts '36 ch Havengore Christopher & ch Broomcourt Comedienne ; Crufts ’38 – Broomcourt Romeo & ch Uther Penarvon’ daughter Druina .

An Our Dogs’ Mems dd July ’32 by SC (Sam Crabtree) . Notwithstanding his definite restraint regarding sic ‘enormous size’ , he yet awarded challenge certificates to then really big specimens as Mr Thomas’ ch Menai Yosemite, Mrs Oliver’ ch Hellingly Joseph & Mr Crook’ ch Hellingly Ajax . Note - According to the Crufts catalague '33 ch Cinque Ports Michael scales '14 stone 7 l'b or 203 lb -ca 92kg. Quote lifescience.com – ‘A recent British study, published by the Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn - Germany, showed that young men in the United Kingdom have grown by 4 inches (10 centimeters) since the turn of the 20th century (1900).’ Or an increase of about 6% which should  correspond in Mastiffs with a sheer ‘theoretical’ increase of ca 1 ½ inches. At right Druina (bred by Miss Bell & owned by Mr Ocky White) who got two cc’s, ie at Birmingham ’37 under Mrs Lucy Scheerboom and the Crufts ’38 cc under Mr Sam Crabtree .

No 91) Wooler Boadicea , b Dec ’33 & bred by Mr R Bryson , out of Cleveland Chancellor’ daughter Goldhawk Phoebe sired by Brindle Boy (Old Bill ex ch Woden ‘ sis Princess Sonderburgh) .  Mr Bryson resided at Limberlost Red Lane Oxted (ca 10 mls SW of Sevenoaks) , a house designed in Tudor style by Colonel Harrison on the land of 'Foyle Riding' Colonel Harrison was an officer in charge of the Royal Engineers College stationed in India and he was a talented amateur flautist whilst his wife , a singer and pupil of Henschel & Garcia at the Royal College of Music , was confined by the usual Victorian tradition of entertaining guests .

The land belonging to Limberlost was immense , so much so that six gardeners were employed to maintain the garden . The Harrisons adequately managed to fill the large house and grounds, not only with themselves and guests but also with their huge collection of animals ; this menagerie had been started by their daughters Beatrice & Margaret at an early age .

It also comprised Mastiffs of high pedigree breeding . Beatrice (see at right) became a worldwide known cellist and Margaret , the youngest sis , had a life long interest in animals of many kinds , and for about fifty years was one of the top breeders of Irish Wolfhounds . For many years she gave one of her dogs to the Irish Guards whenever they needed a new regimental mascot . She was also a judge of many breeds at Dog Shows , which included Crufts , and she continued in this field until she was nearly ninety years old .

Margaret Harrison co-founded the famous Sanctuary Kennel for Irish Wolfhounds with close friend Miss May Atfield d 1979 Social Reformer. Rather surprisingly, May Atfield is buried not with Margaret, but with the other Harrison sisters. Acc ty Bio by Steve Brown at St Peter Churchyard, Limpsfield, Tandridge District, Surrey Plot - Beatrice, May, and Monica Harrison.

Note - Mr R Bryson may have been related to the composer Robert Ernest Bryson who wrote several symphonies  and a  opera The Leper’s Flute (’26) and became the President of the Rodewald chamber music society, an organisation founded in memory of businessman Alfred Rodewald, who also founded the Liverpool Orchestral Society.

Mr Sam Crabtree’ Crufts ’36 report mentions a/o ‘Disport’, probably a misspelling of ‘Despot’, a male owned by Miss Dorothy Greenwood (also owner of his sis Duchess , grandaughter of ch Benvolio bred by her father Mr Guy Perceval Greenwood). The report says about Despot quite peculiarly a/o ‘eyes set too wide apart’ whereas the standard asks for ‘eyes wide apart’; looking at his photograph it rather seems he lacks a proportionately wide muzzle in order to ‘bridge’ the gap between the eyes (the so-called fill out). Mr Crabtree also laments about Despot having ‘too much thew’ , perhaps referring to the amount of ‘flesh’off lips.

No 92) The name ‘Deleval’ may suggest a French connotation. Mrs Winifred M Edger’ foundation brood ‘Gyda’ was out of Lady Vera sired by Miss Bell’ ch Woden, a paternal halfbrother/sister mateing, ie Lady Vera b Oct ’25 was bred by the old breed stalwart Mr Robert J Burch of Sonderburg Rd Holloway London - the dark brindle Nancy sired by ch Woden’ sire Poor Joe -.

Lady Vera’ littermates Old Bill & Reigning Queen were parents of Young Bill - see at right - which grandsired ch Uther Penarvon , ch Lady Turk & her sis Hermia . – ‘Holloway Tiger is sometimes said to have been the sire of Nancy, but as this bitch was of unknown pedigree, having purchased by her owner (ed - Mr RJ Burch) from an unknown man in the street, too much reliance cannot be placed on the statement.’ - Holloway Tiger b March ’17 & bred by Cleveland breeder Mr George Cook of Marton – Middlesbrough out of Cleveland Leopold’ dau Cleveland Belle sired by Survivor’ son Pegasus – was owned by Mr Walter George Treen b ’71 of 148 St James' Road (now MacKenzie Rd) Holloway , only a mile away from Mr RJ Burch’ living place at Sonderburg Road.

At left - Taking into account the text below the photograph ’arrival’ , the depicted Mastiff in the car may have been the 4y old Deleval Sir Galahad (entered in ’33 NFC aka ‘not for competition’) & some ‘jealous’ youngster . Gyda’ litters by ch Havengore Bill contained a/o 1) Bilichilde (dam of ch Uther Penavon) ; 2) Havengore Diana (dam of ch Havengore Christopher) ; 3) Deleval Sir Galahad (see his pic as a rather youngster below at right) , Crufts ‘30 reserve cc being only eleven mths old but , two 3rd prizes in ’30 aside , quite astonishingly no further mention of him in the KC Stud Books & 4) Deleval Naida , paternal granddam of Deleval Boadicea , the latter maternal granddam to Coldblow Sally, the only British bred P-WW II original .

Gyda’ litter sired by Comet Menai’ son Thor produced Crufts ‘35 cc winner Deleval Ascelin (see his pic under No 80) & sis Deleval Sybilla , dam to Mrs Dickin’ Goring Scylla , cc recipient under allrounder Mr Chris Houlker.

The Our Dogs’ Mems July 1st ’32 by Mr Sam Crabtree mentions – ‘I have received a letter from Mrs Edger of the Deleval kennels , regarding the weight of Mastiffs . This lady informs me that her well-known Deleval Sir Galahad , at two years old weighed 212 lb . He is now three years and three months old and was weighed last Saturday when he turned the scaled at 224 lb . The dog is very sound and active ; in fact , Mr Edger informs me that only a few days ago he caught a rabbit and thinks nothing of scaling the very high fence surrounding him’ .. (See Galahad' pic  here below).

Notes - The Edgers moved around 1930 from The Homestead Langdon Hills nr Basildon to Chalk Pit Cottage  Pilgrims Way Kemsing nr Sevenoaks . It here  goes about Winifred Mary née Henton b 1894,  daughter of Arthur  Walter, wine assistant of 133 Melrose Ave Willesden Hendon, and grand-daughter of Mr Edwin Royce - cattle farmer 164 acres & 'Guardian of the Poor' of Langham Rutland - who married at Hendon in ’1916 Mr John Warren Edger b 1878, the latter until ‘29 business-associate of the ‘George Rogers & Co’ firm – manufacturers of Ladies’ Underclothing at 7 Hamsell street London.

Some descriptions - Mr Herbert Cook judged at Richmond July ’32 – cc ch Hellingly Cardinal reserve Broomcourt Prince Boris ; re Deleval Brand – ‘a huge boned fawn dog , loses in muzzle and eye to those above him’ ; a month later at Sandy Open Show Mr AG Nichols mentioned – ‘Deleval Brand , good type & head , rare bone & substance , nicely coupled body , sound action’ . At the KC Crystal Palace show Oct ’32 , judge Mr A Croxton Smith reported – ‘3rd Open Deleval Wulfric , capital skull , nice wrinkle , nice length of muzzle but wants to be deeper & squarer , good bone , legs & feet ; rather straight in stifles , nice mover’ & re Deleval Ascelin - , good head , bone & front but too high in hindquarters , straight in stifles and movement could be better’.

At Richmond July ’33 , the cc went to Mrs JS Whatton’ (Penn) Simeon , reserve ch Cinque Ports Michael ; judge Mr Wm Hunter Johnston remarked – ‘3rd Open Deleval Paladin – capital head , well wrinkled , fair size , plenty of bone’ and about Deleval Ascelin – ‘has beautiful body & action but lacks squareness of head’. At Crufts ’34 Mr Sam Crabtree awarded the cc to ch Hellingly Marksman and about the reserve Deleval Ascelin he wrote – ‘shows type & quality in head with sufficient wrinkle to give him a very fine finish ; plenty of size , good bone , legs and feet and a sound mover' ; re his brother D- Wulfric (see pic at right) – ‘is built on similar lines and if he was rather flatter in skull it would be difficult to distinguish one from the other.’ At the KC Crystal Palace Show Oct ’34 Mr Wm N Higgs reported re Deleval Ascelin – ‘a big-headed dog with rather too much wrinkle , good bone , dips in the back and might be taller with advantage .’- Acc to an Our Dogs’ advert dd Dec ’34 , Ascelin’ weight reportedly 14 stone (196 lb) .

At Blackpool June ’36 Mr EG Oliver gave the cc to ch Tiddicar General ; the reserve cc for Deleval Ascelin , was commented as following –‘a well-known fawn dog with a nice head & expression but to my mind not strong enough for true type ; he is well made up in body , inclined to be down in shoulder making him dip slightly in back and look high in hindquarters than is quite pleasing .’

Mrs Edger purchased in ‘31 two broods , ie 1) Deleval Glorianna (ch Cleveland Premier’ son Sioux Chief ex Goldhawk Elsie’ sis Woodbrook Tess) who , mated to the same D- Paladin , gave Deleval Richilda , dam to the only Deleval champion , ie D- Alftruda (see at left) owned by Mrs F Woolley of Perry kennels – Birmingham ; 2) Deleval Joanne (ch Woden’ son Cleveland Comedian ex Hellingly Queen Bess’ niece Cleveland Joy) who , mated to ch Cinque Ports Michael’ paternal halfbrother Deleval Paladin , produced Deleval Rosamund , dam to Mr Fred Bowles’ Hammercliffe Remus (see below at right – grandsired by ch Uther Penarvon) , cc recipient under the breed specialist Mr HJ White .

Alftruda , b Feb ’35 , got her cc’s under Mr Guy P Greenwood at Birmingham ’38 (reserve ch Uther Penarvon’ daughter ch Petronella) , Mr Sam Crabtree at Manchester ’39 (reserve Broomcourt Jem’ daughter Broomcourt Beauty) & finally a 3rd one at the last pre WW II show , ie at Harrogate under Mr Sam Warburton (reserve - ch Uther Penarvon’ daughter Duchess) . Alftruda produced a litter sired by Hammercliffe Remus and one of the pups , ie Hammercliffe Peter , was purchased by the Altnacraig breeders Mr/Mrs Foster Clark whereas his sire Remus came into the hands of Mrs Charles King , 439 Tuxedo Rd Atlanta - Georgia ; she perhaps was the wife of the ‘Mr Charles H King’ , President of the Industrial Loan & Security Corporation , and residing at the Windcrofte Estate - Tuxedo Rd , later on purchased by Mr Robert W. Woodruff , the Coca-Cola magnate .

N0 93) The photograph at left presents a short-dated breed fancier , ie Mrs Margaret Janvrin Dickson née Woodburn sitting next to the driver of an Argyll ; at the back seat Mr Reginald Janvrin Dickson and their adopted daughter miss Annie Greene .

Note – Argyll was then Scotland’ biggest motor car marque founded by Mr Alex Govan at Glasgow in 1899 . Mrs Janvrin Dickson once owned a Mastiff sired by WK Taunton’ Dick Constable , ie ch Elgiva’ half sis Silverdale Lady Evelyn b Sept 1894 & bred by WN Higgs out of Lady Lena (ch Beaufort’ son Sir Stafford ex ch Ilford Chancellor’ granddaughter Lady Cavendish) . CC Rice wrote about Evelyn' dam Lady Lena – ‘her worst faults are want of size and a shallow muzzle’ .

Mrs Dickson’ Silverdale Lady Evelyn got a 2nd prize at Birkenhead ’95 & (owned by AJ Thorpe) and got also prizes at Lancashire & Northern Counties ’97 but unfortunately having no judge report about her ; her sire Dick Constable was described (at 14m old) by CC Rice as - ‘extremely nervous but appeared a large , well grown youngster whose worst fault is a somewhat narrow muzzle but good, however, in underjaw. He is capital in eye & skull .’

An interesting report as it may consider a rather common fault , ie the combination of a narrow muzzle with a good underjaw which usually creates a trapezoid-like (so not square) muzzle , ie small at the upper side & broad below.

Lady Lena’ other daughter ch Elgiva was described by AJ Thorpe as – ‘well grown , good colour , size & bone , correct type and moved like a Terrier ; compared to Mark Anthony’ dam Stafford Belle (taller & larger in body and head) I consider Elgiva to be squarer in muzzle , more typical and undoubtedly better in colour and movement' ; Elgiva’ breeder CC Rice described her as – ‘quite phenomenal in her action ; exxcellent in eyes & smallness of ear ; she is even bulkier than Mr Royle’ Lady Piper (the owners of both seemed to have imagined their dogs were for competition in the Birmingham Cattle show rather than the Dog show) . Dr JS Turner mentioned a/o – ‘ Elgiva was a good second but she is a little pinched under the eye , although the finish of muzzle is good ; she moves very well too' .

Mrs Janvrin Dickson’ Lady Evelyn was purchased by Mr AJ Thorpe who mated her to his own bred ch Mark Antony which produced Blondin (two cc’s) , a Victorian epitome of really nice type but failing in hinder part ; Blondin’ fawn brother Prince Hampton was the foundation sire of the Cooks’ Cleveland kennels at Middlesbrough . Hereafter Lady Evelyn became owned by Mr Luke Crabtree who mated her to ch Holland’ Black Boy resulting in WK Taunton’ Moston Black , also recipient of two cc’s , who grandsired Lt-Col Zaccheus Walker’ perhaps most famous Mastiff , ie ch Lord of the Manor .

Note - Mrs Janvrin Dickson was a founding Chow Club member who , perhaps due to the discontent re WK Taunton’ performance at Ranelagh , mooted at a Club meeting that a ‘real Chinaman’ should be asked to judge the Chow Club show Dec ’95 but the then Chow Club board , not entirely devoid of dry humour , concluded that ' the Chinaman would probably judge the dogs from an eating point of view , which would not tend towards the improvement of the breed .' Note 2 – Her husband Reginald Janvrin Dickson , b ’51 at Marylebone – London , was the grandson of George Frederick Dickson (1787-1859) , a/o Consul-General for Buenos Aires & Argentine Minister 1853.

No 94) Wiki quote - William Gordon Stables [1840 – 1910] was born in Aberchirder, in Banffshire - now part of Aberdeenshire . After studying medicine at the University of Aberdeen , he served as a surgeon in the Royal Navy . He came ashore in 1875 , and settled in Ruscombe House aka ‘The Jungle’ at Twyford , Berks , which had a summer-house called ‘The Wigwam ‘  in the grounds of the house . He wrote over hundred-thirty books . The bulk of his large output is boys' adventure fiction , often with a nautical or historical setting . He also wrote books on health , fitness & medical subjects , and the keeping of cats and dogs . He was a copious contributor of articles and stories to the Boy's Own Paper . Stables has been regarded as one of the most prominent of the English imitators of Jules Verne , especially in his novels of polar adventure , like The Cruise of the Snowbird 1882 , Wild Adventures Round the Pole 1883 , From Pole to Pole 1886 & his most ambitious novel - The Cruise of the Crystal Boat 1891 .

Dr Gordon Stables was an eccentric in true Victorian fashion , a/o being notable as the first person to order a gentleman’ caravan , from the Bristol Carriage Company , in which he travelled the length of Great Britain in 1885 being the subject of his book The Gentleman Gypsy . It was called the Wanderer and was fitted out according to his exacting design and requirements to accommodate his valet Foley who rode ahead of the van on a tricycle to ensure the way was passable and to seek out suitable stopping places , his coachman John to look after the horses , his Newfoundland dog , Hurricane Bob & Polly , a cockatoo . Some of his works - Medical Life in the Navy 1868 , The Domestic Cat 1876 , Wild Adventures in Wild Places 1881 , Aileen Aroon 1883 , On Special Service: A Tale of the Sea 1886 , Exiles of Fortune: A Tale of a Far North Land 1890 , Two Sailor Lads 1892 , The Dog: From Puppyhood to Age 1893 , To Greenland and the Pole 1895 , For Life and Liberty 1896 , Off to Klondyke 1898 ,'Twixt School and College ‘02 , Every Inch a Sailor ‘03 , In the Great White Land: A Tale of the Antarctic Ocean ‘03 , Our Friend the Dog 1903 , Westward with Columbus ‘06 .

In his book ‘Our Friend The Dog’ chapter XXI-I  The British Mastiff , Gordon Stables mentions ~ ‘I hope many of my readers have a pretty good idea of the general appearance of this grand animal , and that they would not let pass as Mastiffs the then terrible ban-dogs it was my good or evil fortune to see the other day . I was told that a gentleman in my neighbourhood , a Mr. T-- , had gone wrong , and that on a certain day all his splendid kennel of Mastiffs was to be put to the hammer . I thought I could not do better than run over the evening before and have a look at them . The Berkshire folks assured me that they were the grandest specimens ever seen ; but they know more about pigs than Mastiffs .

Mr. T__ lived in a fine old tree-shaded mansion surrounded by high walls . I could make no one hear at the front gate , so went away round the wall to the back entrance . It was partly ajar , and I entered and found myself – among the Mastiffs . They were all chained to barrels , in two lines facing the pathway I had to traverse in my passage to the back door . Bigger , more gaunt , and fierce , and hungry-looking than big wolves , with bloodshot eyes, badly-carried ears . I’m not usually timid among dogs , but how I ever got to the back door , and how I ever got back again , is more than I can tell to this day . Among those tearing brutes I must have looked like Daniel in the lion’ den . These dogs had all the bad properties of Mastiffs , bar size alone . They were gravel-coloured , lank and lathy , long-headed , cow-hocked , and rough hided , badly-tempered beasts .

Molly Whittington’ research work ‘Dr Forbes Winslow ~ Defender of the Insane’ mentions on page 147 ~ ’ Dr Winslow’ asylum at Hammersmith  is a fine old house .. A high boundary wall runs round the five or six acres of ground … A thickly-planted shrubbery affords a pleasant retreat in the heat of the day .’ Together with the fact his kennel was auctioned in 1884 [ a/o  champion Crown Prince , Maximillian & Prussian Prince ~ respectively sold to HG Woolmore , Mrs Willins & Mark Beaufoy ~ other specimen were Peter the Great , Rosalind , Margery & Prussian Princess] , one can suppose Dr Gordon Stables has hereby made  a veiled statement regarding Dr Forbes Winslow’ [1844-1913] menagerie at Sussex House , Hammersmith .

My contemporary , Dalziel , is one of the few – very few – men wro write sensibly on this breed of dog . In his ‘British Dogs’ he says ~ ‘In general appearance the Mastiff is noble and dignified; his strength is shown in his immense bone , large , square , and well-knit frame , whilst the majesty of his carriage , his head , and the magnanimous expression of his countenance , bespeak consciousness of power , governed by a noble and courageous nature.

Prices good dogs fetch ~ Good Scottish Deerhounds are worth at least twenty guineas apiece ; the ordinary pize for a good Newfoundland puppy is ten guineas ; a grown dog ought to fetch twenty , a stud show dog about fifty or a hundred , while for champions of this breed , two hundred guineas has been refused ; prize Mastiffs are worth anything between fifty pounds and five hundred , according to the honours they had won and their success as stud-dogs  ; Bloodhounds are extremely difficult to rear as puppies , being subject to the direct form of distemper , which they seldom get over , but if properly reared , and reared up to show form , you could not expect to buy a good one under a hundred guineas . I have known over a thousand guineas made by the sale of one litter of puppies of this breed , and the same price offered and peremptorily declined for a Bloodhound bitch . '

There are Mastiffs with sinister and scowling faces , exhibiting the ferocity of the coward and bully , but these will rarely be found to possess the grandeur of form that distinguish the breed , and are often cross-bred . But instances of a surly and dangerous disposition will show itself in otherwise good and pure dogs , and when it does they become a positive danger even to their owners , and a terror and nuisance to the neighbourhood in which they may be kept ; but the natural disposition is gentle , with an intuitive desire to afford protection , so a well-trained Mastiff is at once the best of companions – not given to quarrel , solicitous of notice from those he serves – and proves with his intelligence and high mettle the best of guards for person and property .

These good qualities characterise the Modern Mastiff , and show the power of man in taming down the fierce nature of the fighting dogs of Britain . For in this , as in outward form , it is impossible to doubt he has been greatly modified and improved since the time he was kept mainly in order to display his prowess in the bull ring and bear garden. ‘

It is a mistake to keep a Mastiff on a chain . It serves to make him morose and bad-tempered , and , if a young dog , it tends to decrease his muscle and give him a bad coat and cow-hocks . There are many breeders whose kennels would well repay a visit ; those of Dr. Sidney Turner  of Anerley , or WK Taunton Esq. of 86  Hatton Garden .

No 95) William Adams of Mayfield Stratford Rd Sparkhill nr Birmingham owned Lord Overton , the only Mastiff known who has beaten ch Peter Piper in the show ring , ie at Birmingham 1894 under Lt-Col Zaccheus Walker who made his début as a show judge .

Mr Charles Court Rice mentioned in his Annual Report dd Jan ’95 – ‘Birmingham finished up the year so far as Mastiffs are concerned , Mr Zacheus Walker made his début as a judge ; but it cannot be claimed that it was very successful. Were it not that those who officiate in the ring do not do so in a spirit of levity , one would imagine that Mr Walker indulged in a joke at the exhibitor’ expense .’ Few months later at Crufts Lord Overton was placed reserve in Open class after ch Peter Piper , Ethelred & Jonathan ; the judge W Norman Higgs reported – ‘ Lord Overton is houndy and shows too much daylight , his muzzle might be shorter and he is very flat-sided .’ He was put up for sale at £250 compared to £1000 for ch Peter Piper , £150 for Ethelred & £50 for Jonathan .  The Stock-Keeper -Lord Overton died Jan ’96 due to acute inflamation.

No 96) The article below was published in ‘The Kennel ‘ mag 1911 ; ‘Auld Lang Syne’  , also title of a poem by the Scot Robert Burns [1759-1796] , can be freely translated as ‘times gone by’ . The KCSB recorded two litters bred by Allan W Goldie , in August 1906 the one containing Prince Caractacus , Crufts winner 1909 under Mark Beaufoy , out of an unr Princess sired by ch Hotspur’ grandson Caractacus whom sired also William Price’ Cleveland Leopold , a quite historical stud running through many successful strains of the 1930s . Caractacus’ breeder , John O’ Connell of Barking nr London favored Mr Leadbetter’ strain , awarding Crufts cc’s to ch Hazlemere Archie & Lady Georgina [‘05] and to ch Hazlemere Ronald & ch Bess [‘08] .

Goldie’ litter dd August 1908 , was out of Duchess Olga [ Wm H Watts’ Kruger x unr. Empress] sired by Leadbetter’ ch Hazlemere Ronald , producing Howwood Pride [3rd at Edinburgh ’13 under M Marsden beaten by ch Brompton Duchess & her halfsis ch Lightning , both sired by Cleveland Leopold] and A Steele’ Widmere Duke       [ 2nd at Darlington 1911 under Dr J Sidney Turner , after Salisbury’ ch British Monarch ,  in 3rd the 12 months old Brompton Duke] .  Goldie’ Alderside kennels were situated at Toward , on the southern tip of the Cowal peninsula in Scottish’ Argyllshire  and renowned for Castle Toward  built in 1820 by Kirkman Finlay , former Lord Provost of Glasgow and later owned by the Coats family of Paisley ; the house is a castellated mansion .

Ben Lomond (pic at right)  is not KCSB registered but was also bred by Mr Goldie dd May ’12 out of Towards Pride sired by Bayardo , renowned for having sired the ‘Lie A Bed’ twin - Prince & Princess , Prince known as having sired ch Lieve & Wingfield Priam , the one behind the Canadian Wingfield stock & Princess known as having produced the Westcroft ch’s Chloe & Cleopatra , the latter dam of Westcroft ch’s Blaise & Bulger .  Ben Lomond’ dam Towards Pride being full sis T Garwood' Sam who perhaps sired the unr ch ‘Sam’ Sweetheart bred by Mr RJ Burch , although there’s a source which mentions Sweetheart was sired by his home stud Mellnotte’ son Salisbury – two cc’s.

Mr Allan William Goldie b ‘69 in Lanarkshire. In '99 reportedly a farmer of Millhill Blackford nr Auchterarder who went bankrupt. From Blackford he went to Toward Argyllshire. The Passenger Lists Leaving UK mentions dd ’33 Mr Allan William Goldie - destination Sydney NSW Australia.

No 97) Mrs George Willins , née Pamela Jane Simpson, breeder of Am ch Minting (ch The Emperor’ son ch Maximilian ex ch Cambrian Princess). She was born in 1838 at Hammersmith as the daughter of a doctor who inherited Bradmore House (see pic below) from a grateful patient . She married her tutor George Willins , b 1818 Great Melton - Norfolk . They moved to Gorgate Hall , Hoe - East Dereham [some hundred miles North East of London] where , according to the White Directory , George Willins resided in 1864 . The census 1881 mentions him there as  ‘ a farmer of 120 acres employing four men and a boy ‘ .  Residing there Mrs George Willins owned Gurth , b March 1878 , a ch The Shah’ son out of the Reverend FH Hichens’ Mab ;  Gurth got a 1st in puppy class at the Alexandra Palace show of 1878 anda 2nd prize at Ipswich 1882 ; Gurth’ litter brother Max changed hands three times before his 1st birthday , namely Lord Hinton , Horace Wright and finally Stefano Castelli , Pelham Street South Kensington – London .

After some years of marriage , George Willins disappeared from the scene and Pamela Jane eventually moved to Bradmore House , Hammersmith London , looking for treatment for cancer , together with her adopted son George Jr . Norfolk Diary - July 1 , 1875 – ‘Called out to take a private baptism at 'Gorgate' at the extreme end of the parish . The child was an infant who had been deserted in London , and which Mrs Willins, of Gorgate , having no children of her own , has brought into Norfolk and adopted , though she is entirely ignorant of its parentage . The child was baptized George William Simpson Willins and was literally cradled in luxury . This good-hearted woman is a very queer one - dresses almost like a man ; commits assaults on her grooms ; keeps a racer or two , and is well known at Newmarket , Ascot , and Epsom as ‘Croppy’ by reason of her hair being cut close to the head . ‘

About whom there was been much speculation regarding his parentage involving the Prince of Wales , and Lily, b 1853 , the daughter of the dean of the Jersey island , very Reverend William Corbet Le Breton , who was married to Edward Langtry in 1874 . She did not make her first stage appearance until 1881 but soon obtained the reputation as one of Britain' most beautiful actresses ; nicknamed the Jersey Lily [see pic below] , Langtry became the mistress of the Prince , future Edward VII . Lily' husband died in 1897, and two years later she married the extremely wealthy Hugo de Bathe . ‘Mrs Geo Willins’ was said to be particularly keen on adopting that baby and no other . Was this indicative of some relationship ?

Another theory was that George Jr Willins’ father was Fred Archer [1857-1886] , the well known jockey . EM Humphris’  book ‘ The Life of Fred Archer’ pp 63/64 mentions – ‘About 1870 his father William Archer visited Newmarket to see how his little boy was getting on and he took Fred to the sale of Mr Naylor’ horses . Mrs Willins , of Gorgate Hall East Dereham [ ed. some forty miles NE of Newmarket ] was there too  . She sometimes attended the Cheltenham Races , and Fred is even said to have ridden a pony of hers in an event previous to this time .

Note – Re the second thigh (from stifle to hock joint) the breed standard only says – ‘well developed’ , so it’s of interest to read Dr Sidney Turner’ judge report (see above at right) wherein he pontificates – ‘and he (Maximilian) is too long from the stifle to the hock joint’. Pondering about the reason thereto it’s quite obvious that Dr Turner considered Maximilian’ second thigh PROPORTIONATELY too long . 

Some ‘proportionate’ googling presents a recommendable link written by Dr Karen Hedberg (veterinarian practising in North Richmond NSW Oz, breeder of German Shepherds, group judge & author of several canine books) who mentions a/o – ‘The ideal angulation is one where the length of the femur is equal to the length of tibia/fibula (lower thigh). The longer both the femur and tibia/fibula are, the greater the turn of stifle for that breed. A quick way to check for equal lengths of femur and tibia is to raise the hock (perpendicularly, of course) up to the end of the pelvis. If the point of the hock extends beyond the rear edge of the pelvis, then the tibia is too long in relation to the femur.’  Opposite to the good Dr Turner’ very concise report , this author has the opportunity to clarify her pontifical statement . She writes that - when the length of the lower thigh is too long in the relation to the length of femur or upper thigh , it results in over angulation and hocks (when perpendicular) being placed considerably further behind a line dropped behind the pelvis than when the lengths are equal .The longer the lower thigh is in relation to the length of femur , the greater the amount of turn of stifle . The longer the hock in combination with a longer lower thigh , the more unstable the hock during movement . Shorter hocks will give greater stability, particularly where there is a longer lower thigh.- So it may be possible that Dr Turner suspected the relationship between Max’ lower thighs being proportionately too long and what he described as ‘an akward gait’ iow an unstable gait . Disclaimer – Dr Hedberg’ canine roots may lie in the German Shepherd , a breed renowned for over angulation , a feature which throughout time became exaggerated up to utmost bizarre forms in hind quarters , unworthy to any working breed of dogs.

At any rate , this well-known patron of the Turf , in her somewhat mannish attire , was well known in Archer’ village , as at nearly every race-meeting in the country . William Archer pointed to his little son , and said to Mrs Willins – ‘ Here , Madam , this is the one to ride over fences ‘ . Mrs Willins took the hint , and went to ask Mathew Dawson’ leave for Fred , a pygmee under five stone , to ride a pony of hers , the well known Maid of Trent , in a steeplechase at the featherweight of 4 stone 11 lb . Years afterwards , and not long before his death , Fred Archer gleefully described to an interviewer how he scored his first winning mount at Bangor prior to his successful début on the flat at Chesterfield .

This proves that Mrs Willins , who ran horses on almost every course in the kingdom , when she claimed that Archer rode his first winner for her . He afterwards , during his apprenticeship , rode two winners for the same lady at Rugby . Ed. - A certain Joseph Archer was mentioned as ‘farmer’ at Gorgate Farms .

Fred Archer, also known as  ‘the Tin Man’, was a legend in his lifetime , and has been ever since. Intelligent and ambitious , he was a natural horseman who understood tactics too . He was simply the best all-round jockey that the Turf has ever seen , winning 2748 races , including 21 Classics . He had been Champion Jockey 13 times when he shockingly took his own life at the age of 29 . He was born in Cheltenham being the son of William Archer , the winner of the Grand National on Little Charlie in 1858 . He was apprenticed to the trainer Mathew Dawson as an 11 year old boy . His first important win was in the 1872 Cesarewitch , and his first Classic in the 1874 2000 Guineas , after which he became Lord Falmouth' retained jockey .

Lord Falmouth was Dawson' principle owner and the Archer/Dawson/Falmouth combination became amazingly successful . Over half of Fred Archer' Classic victories were for Falmouth , although it could be said that he might have won even more had he not been restricted to Lord Falmouth' horses . Archer lived at Mat Dawson' stables , Heath House, until he married Dawson' niece Helen Rose at Newmarket , February 1883 . Lord Falmouth , Evelyn Boscawen [1819–1889] donated a silver dinner service as wedding present and Mrs George Willins a ‘painting of herself’ !

He then built Falmouth House . The expenses of this , together with unfounded suggestions that he had pulled certain horses , and the pressure of remaining at the top of his profession, may have contributed to his suicide . However , the loss of his first child and then his wife during the birth of their second child must have been a major factor . On top of this Archer had a great deal of trouble maintaining his weight . He was 5ft 10’ tall , and had to resort to sweats and a strong daily purgative to ride at around 8 stone 6lb . Mrs Willins lost her fight against cancer at the early age of 51 years in 1889, the same year as Lord Falmouth and three years after Fred Archer’ death , leaving behind her fourteen years old adopted son George , who lived the life of a young gentleman of leisure on a Trust Fund ,  with his guardian Miss Rae , whom he greatly disliked . - Sources a/o wikipedia & www.cumberbatch.org

No 98) The Fancier's journal dd 1890 mentions -  ‘We will send copies of any of the following photographs prepaid by mail on receipt of price.’ Fanciers' Publishing Co, 32 South Third Street, Philadelphia PA.

Cabinet size, 5 cents each. - Anlaf. Aston's Lion (brother to Governor), Beau (2), Beaufort (2), Benedict, Bengal, Bosco II, Cardinal. Champion Minting. Crown Prince. Ilford Cromwell, Jack Thyr (2), Lion (Miss Hales), Lorna Doone, Lorna Doone II, Maximilian, Moses, Monarch (Sears'), Orlando (2), Pontiff, Prince Charlie, Prince Regent, Rajah, Salisbury', Satan (Russian Mastiff), Taurus, The Lady Clare, The Lady Isabel, The Lady Rowena.

Card size, 25c. each. - Beau (when young), Countess (Mrs. Rawlinson's). Donna (Miss Walker's), Duchess (Curtis'), Duchess (Hanburv's), etching of 1792; Governor Grcatheart. Ilford Baroness, King (E.Field's), Lioncea, Maximilian, Magnus, Mischief, Nell, dam of King (Field's), Norma (Exley's) Orlando (3), Orlando II, Phillis (Hanbury's) Pontiff and Prince (Hanbury's) Prince Regent, Queen (Hanbury's), Taurus, Thor, Turk, Una (Hebron), Wolf (Miss Aglionsby's), Wodan, Young King, Young King II.

Larger than cabinet, $1 each. - Albert Victor, Ashinout, Nero (the noted puppy), Bruce I, Couchez, Moses, Lion (Lukey's) , Quaker (Cautley's). The head of Mastiff in Van Dyke's picture of the children of King Charles 1.

Mastiff combinations, $1 each. - 1. Salisbury, Lion (Aston's), Anlaf, illustration in Bingley 1809, Satan (Russian Mastiff). 2. Beau, Lion, (Miss Ilales'l Crown Prince and Maximilian. 3. Lion (Miss Hales') different from the one above; Monarch (Green's) and some others. 4. Ilford Baroness, Young King, etching of 1794 and Phillis (Hanbury's). 5. Prince (Hanbury's), Nell (Field's), dam of King & Taurus. 6. Queen (Hanbury's), Duchess (2335), Countess (Miss Rawlinson's), King, Wolf (Miss Aglionsby's), Turk. 7. Duchess (Hanbury's) and Governor. 8. Countess (Lukey's), Governor (Lukey's). Lion (Gamier's), Harold (Gamier's).

It’s to be hoped that ONCE such utmost rare pictures of our breed founders could be presented  on display to the  public of Mastiff fanciers !!!      At right –  a minimalistic drawing  made by the webmaster in the 1980s .

No 99) Coming back to Dr Turner’ report about Mrs Geo Willins’ Mastiff Maximilian – see no 97 – re  lower thighs being (proportionately) too long , it may be of interest to mention not only the increased instability of the rear but also its effect upon the front movement. In case Maximilian’ shoulder blade was well laid back combined with an upperarm of similar length,  he may have used rotary action in the rear to synchronize his correct forward reach or in worse case his shoulderblade & upperarm were shorter and more upright, he may have lifted his front feet (padding) to ‘assimilate’ his longer rear drive.

This may once more clarify the utmost importance of corrrect balance between fore- and backquarters re respective lengths of levers &  accessory angulations in order to become a standardly adequate gait.

At left – Int ch Gordon de la Maison de l’Etoile in exemplary action, b May 9th 2011, bred by Mrs Beata Baran of Picardy France & owned by Mr Laurent Herbots of Anderlues Belgium.

No 100) Cameo about Frank Robinson, Esq – owner of ch Turk & Hercules, who sired Mr Green’ ch Monarch.’Bankruptcy Act , 1869 . In the London Bankruptcy Court', In the Matter of Proceedings for Liquidation' by Arrangement or Composition with Creditors , instituted by * Frank Robinson, formerly of 5 Gloucester-terrace , Regent's-Park  in the county of Middlesex , then of the Lion Hotel Abingdon, in the county of Berks , then of Womesley House , Crouch Hill – Hornsey , in the said county of Middlesex , then of Boulogne in the Republic of France, and now of 15 Fellows-road , Haverstock Hill , in the said county of Middlesex . Notice is hereby given , that a First General Meeting of the creditors of the above-named person has been summoned to be held at the offices of Messrs. Lawrance , Plews , Boyer & Baker , No 14 Old Jewry chambers in the city of London on the 26th  day of November 1874 at three o'clock in the afternoon precisely .—Dated this 29th day of October , 1874 . LAWRANCE , PLEWS, BOYER & BAKER , 14 Old Jewry-chambers , Attorneys for the said Frank Robinson .’ from the London Gazette .

According to British History Online re Hornsey – ‘Womersley House, apparently built for the London draper Peter Robinson, who lived there in 1871 .’ So perhaps Mr Frank Robinson got some shelter from his family . Probably due to the Bankruptcy , ch Turk was sold to Mr  HS Wallace & Hercules to Mr JL Dickinson after which Hercules came into the ownership of Mr MB Wynne.

In 1833 ‘Peter’ Robinson , perhaps older Frank’ brother , opened a linen-draper' shop in Oxford Street in the heart of London' West End . A ‘Court & General Mourning House’ was also opened in Regent Street, which became known as ‘Black Peter Robinsons ‘. By the end of the XIXth Century , Peter Robinsons had grown into a large store selling fashionable ladies' clothing & accessories . The wealthy bought their clothes from court dressmakers or large stores such as Harrods or Peter Robinson .

A London correspondent writes :— It is not at all a bad thing to be a successful London draper . The business of the late Mr Peter Robinson has just been transferred to a limited liability joint stock company . The sale was made under power contained in Mr Robinson's will , but as the first directors are to be the four executors and the three present managers , the approval of the Court of Chancery had to be sought, and so the price paid became public . What do you think Mr Robinson's lucky heirs are to get for this famous business — perhaps now the Premier one of its class in London ? No less than £734,000 , nearly three-quarters of a million sterling ! - from the – Colonist,  20th  May 1896 .

No 101) In Victorian times Mastiffs of distinction could easily change hands as if they were merely common merchandise. Champion Turk (see photo at left)   was one of them; bred by the breed stalwart Miss Ann Aglionby, he afterwards became owned successively by not less than five owners and reportedly once sold for £450 although there’s also been made notion of even £580. The value of a good dog is in the eye of the beholder.

In order to get some idea about the order of magnitude, the following - one of Mr Walter Kelsey (WK) Taunton’ best friends , Fred Hawkings of Goldhawk , wrote   - ‘ He (Mr Taunton) explained that there was a time when he knew very little of Mastiffs and when he made his first purchase thought the 10 pounds 10 shillings asked by the breeder for a bitch puppy was an exorbitant price . He eventually succeeded in beating him down tot 5 pounds 5 shillings , on the condition that he exhibit and breed from the bitch, his original  intentional being merely to buy a watch dog for his premises .’ The bitch in question was ‘Nell’, bred by Mr Nichols out of ch Turk’ maternal aunt Brenda sired by ch Turk’ sire ch King. And let it be said Mr Taunton was a member of an old well-to-do family, his father John being a reputed London surgeon &c benefactor, and he himself was, according the censuses, a businessman - in concreto a ‘bottle manufacturer’& later on a ‘hardware agent’. A possible reason he got in touch with Dr Sidney Turner may have been the fact that WK Taunton’ father was a principal lecturer to the London Anatomical Society of Guy’s Hospital where Dr Sidney Turner did his medicine studies.

Source – The Fanciers Gazette 1874 - The Kennel, - an excerpt written by Caractacus, the nom de plume of Edward Sandell Jr 1841-81 Chelsham road Clapham London, probably because he once owned the Mastiff named ‘Caractacus’ , full brother to that famous ch The Shah b ’73 who a/o grandsired ch Crown Prince .  The London Gazette Jan ’62 mentions Mr Sandell ran (together with Urice Bain) a business as Commercial Agents & Publishers in Fleet Street - London. He was a then well-known allround judge of dogs and contributed to the Fanciers Gazette before becoming editor of the Livestock Journal .

No 102) Breed authority Mr Douglas Oliff judged the breed eleven times at cc level; his winners were – ‘77) Ch Forefoot Prince of Darkness & Lindfreys Atta Girl, ‘78) ch Forefoot Prince Igor & ch Yarme Susan, ‘79) ch Hollesley Medicine Man & Honeycroft Crismas Cracker, ‘80) Bulliff Cyning Aelle & ch Hollesley Rowella, ‘81) ch Honeycroft Danny Boy & ch Jilgrajon Rebecca West, ‘83) ch Faerdorn Big Daddy & ch Zanfi Tanya, ‘86) ch Glynpedr Dom Ruinart & ch Cedwalla Sweet Ellenor, ‘88) Crufts - ch Namous Uberacht & ch Cedwalla Sweet Ellenor, ‘91) Sallymas The Conqueror & ch Apollon Nomhle Sindiswa, ‘94) ch Delbeech Zorab & Damaria Sweet Georgia ’98) ch Jengren Pluto & ch Brookview Bo Filette.

Ancestry of Mr Douglas B(ush) Oliff 1927-2008. His great-grandfather Thomas Millen Oliff b Boxley 1816-1887 (married to Esther Bush) is recorded as Kentish farmer as well as bailiff of Aylesford, a place renowned for its brick industries. Their sons became skilled in brick & tile making and three of them emigrated, resp to New Zealand & South Africa. Albert Thomas Oliff 1855-1924 (married to Louise Florence Harper), emigrated in 1877 to South Africa where he became a manufucturer of red bricks at Pietermaritzburg and in 1906 he was appointed Colonial Treasurer of Natal. Their oldest son, Thomas Millen Oliff 1882-1944 went back to England, yet recorded as passenger to South Africa (Durban & The Cape) and Tanganyika (Zanzibar) between 1906-09. He married in 1920 Winifred Jessie Davis 1899-1981, the mother of Douglas B(ush) Oliff.

Family pic (ca 1895) of Albert Thomas Oliff & Louise Florence Harper, Thomas Millen at the back; at right pic dd 1945 of Lydney Grammar School pupils, back row - fourth from right Douglas Oliff’ surviving brother Graham Laurence b ’31, director (retired) of Munscroft Court Weston-super-mare Maintenance Ltd, business activity - residents property management, founded in ’76. – Below – His Crufts 1988 judge report.

No 103) Louis [Romuald Hubert] Dobbelmann 1837-1901 , son of a trading family , started his tobacco firm in 1865 after his American adventure as a mercenary in the Civil War. He bought the ‘Van Woerden & Co’. The firm expanded very quickly thanks to the enlargement of the assortiment of products and his extensive way of advertising ; it were not only Dutch consumers but also Syrians , Egyptians , Spaniards, Norseman and Russians who called at the port of Rotterdam . After three years a new fabric was built and there was also trade in tea & coffee. In 1877 the Dobbelmann  has a enormous assortiment of pipe & chewing tobacco , tea , coffee and more than eighty brands of cigars a/o Trabucos & Faam. Seven years later he once again expanded buying an old sugar refinery at Hoogstraat 106 R’dam; he opened a cigar fabric in Emmerik , Germany and a branch in London , Leadenhall Street . The Dobbelmann company provided jobs for hundreds of people . Here below - Louis Dobbelmann’ house at Rotterdam Oostmaas 70 , easy accessible nearby the town station for all kind of visitors of his Eldee’ kennels and for transport of his own dogs to expositions, &c.

In 1892 Archduke Nicolas entered fifty Borzois at the Agricultural Hall , Islington - London , which were all offered for sale after the show . The Duchess of Newcastle bought ‘Oudar’ for a high price of 200 guineas ; Louis Dobbelmann purchased Ataman II with whom he won the Crufts show in 1898 . Later on he obtained ‘Sokol’ , also bred by the Russian Imperial kennels ; he was a very aggressive animal ; in those days it was very imaginable as these dogs were bred and used for hunting wolves .

The article [above at left] was written by Theo Marples , who founded the ‘Our Dogs’ doggy paper in 1896 ; it appeared in ‘Our Dogs’ Christmas number of 1897 with Louis RH Dobbelmann on the cover surrounded by ‘art deco’ flowers; the number also includes the photograph of Black Peter together with Mr Dobbelmann’ kennelman (see pic heading this post). Theo Marples also describes the present dogs in extenso and also the luxury kennels giving accomodation for some forty dogs including a kitchen and a vet hospital . Afterwards they visited the city of Rotterdam which Theo Marples entitled as the ‘Dutch Liverpool’. The story ended with ~ ‘ We wish him continued prosperity and long life to further ormament a pursuit to which he has added lustre ’ . Some four years later, Louis Dobbelmann died at San Remo , Italy , due his heart disease. Above at right – the Dobbelmann family & the Our Dogs visitor, Mr Theophilus Marples. Below – Crufts 1897 report by Mr Frederick Gresham, omnipresent all-round judge & renowned breeder of St Bernards.

No 104) Am ch Black Peter is registered as bred by Mr Gerbrand Deetman but in reality he purchased from Mr Dobbelmann his dam Maid of The Wye already in whelp from his Jonathan. Maid of The Wye aka Eldee’ Maid b Jan ’92 was bred by Captain Piddocke of Ross on Wye out of ch Beaufort’ dau Lady Dudley sired by Montgomery II whereas Black Peter’ sire Jonathan was bred by Mr HG Woolmore out of his Maggie May (sis of PP’ dam) sired by the Captain’ Tom Bowling, iow three of Black Peter’ grandparents were bred by Captain JL Piddocke. Mr Dobbelmann probably purchased Maid of The Wye from Mrs Adelaide Piddocke née Bruce  after the premature death of her husband in March ’94 whereas Jonathan was bought from Mr A Barnes of 35 Appleby street, two miles N of the City of London. Mr A Barnes, seemingly in a ‘Bywater kennels’ joint venture with Mr WK Taunton , bred three litters from Jonathan’ sis Joan, two sired by ch Plutarch’ son Hidalgo, the other by ch Beaufort’ Black Prince.

Below at left – parcel of the drawing re the 1st OEMC meeting at Crystal Palace Aug ’90 presenting a lady and an unruly mature male; Mrs Piddocke was the only lady who entered a Mastiff there  and together with her husband it were four own bred males, ie three yearlings and the 3y old maternal uncle of Black Peter, ie Lord Cobrey. It’s perhaps the latter in the company of Mrs Adelaide Piddocke. Below at right – the Captain with his ch Jubilee Beauty (ch Victor Hugo ex CP’ dau ch Toozie), paternal grandam of Black Peter but also of ch Peter Piper.

Some genealogy - Captain John Leonard Piddocke b '49 married dd January ’85 at St Asaph (N Wales) Adelaide Bruce b 1855 Plumstead Kent, witnesses Barbara Everton & John Low; Adelaide divorced in ’82 from John Lewis Wilkin, three years after their marriage at London. Wilkin was a London’ wine merchant at 11 Union court Old Broadstreet (living at 85 Kings Cross road Middlesex) who went bankrupt in 1883. The census 1911 mentions the widowed Adelaide Piddocke at St Pancras London. PS - The Captain’ large kennels also contained Collies, Fox Terriers, Pointers & Spaniels.

105) The Mastiff dog puppy advert from The Kennel Gazette April 1880 may have been one of the 5th  KSCB ‘Kelsey’ litter b Oct 21st 1879 also containing ‘Kepler’ who became owned by Dr William Francis, married WK Taunton’ sis Isabella Gray b ’41, and residing at the Manor House Richmond, a former workhouse. Vixen & Lord Thurlow came from WK Taunton’ 1st KCSB litter ’73. The dark brindle ‘Kepler’ was probably named after Johannes Kepler 1571-‘30, German mathematician, astronomer & astrologer, best known for his eponymous laws of planetary motion . Below  photos of the ‘Manor House’ at Grove road Richmond, about ten miles SE of London City.

Dr William Francis’ Kepler sired a ‘Kelsey’ litter Oct ’84 from ch Cardinal’ dau Cleopatra; their son Selwood owned by Mr F Edinger of 2 Fromefield , Frome Selwood – Somerset and recipient of 1st prize at Frome while their daughter WK Taunton’ Brentwood produced a litter dd Aug ’88 sired by ch Hotspur , their brindle son Carshalton King (Kepler’ maternal grandson) was regularly campaigned by WK Taunton until ’95, and won a/o 1st prizes in ’92 at Preston & Sheffield . Captain Piddocke reported about him in ’90 – ‘3rd Carshalton King has imperfect fore legs but in other respect he is a good dog ; he has a grand skull , the muzzle though long is heavy , a good body , loins & hindquarters‘. CC Rice wrote in ’92 – ‘3rd Carshalton King is a good brindle , grand in skull but poor in underjaw ; massive in body but does not move well ‘. In ’93 Captain Piddocke judged him again and wrote -  ‘2nd Carshalton King is a good allround dog with good body & skull but is too long in muzzle .

Mr William Francis was the illegimate son of Mr Richard Taylor. In 1852 he joined his father as partner in the firm of Taylor & Francis, printers & publishers and was one of the oldest members of the Stationers' Company having taken the Livery in 1841. In 1862 he married Walter Kelsey Taunton’ sis – ‘Isabella Gray’ T- b ‘41, daughter of Mr Taunton, MRCS of Hatton Garden but became a widower in 1899. For some few years previous to his marriage Dr Francis had lived at Richmond and for the rest of his life continued to reside there  for the last thirty-one years at the Manor House where he died on the 19th of January 1904.

The Taylor & Francis Group is still in existence as the academic publishing arm of Informa. The Taylor & Francis group has presently approximately 1,800 employees located in at least 18 offices worldwide and publishes more than 2,400 journals and approximately 5,000 new books each year with a backlist of over 110,000 titles available in print and digital formats.

Its head office is based in Milton Park, Abingdon UK with other offices in Stockholm, Leiden, New York, Boca Raton, Philadelphia, Kentucky, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong, Beijing, Shanghai, Taipei, Melbourne, Sydney, Cape Town, Tokyo and New Delhi.

At right - The old Taylor & Francis logo depicting a hand pouring oil into a lit lamp, along with the Latin phrase ‘alere flammam’ - to feed the flame (of knowledge). The modern logo is a stylised oil lamp in a circle. Source – Wikipedia.

106) Jonathan’ legacy in Australia.  The arrival of Jonathan got a lot of public attention via the Australian newspapers and created a boost in the Mastiff fancy over there. He sired several Mastiffs who dominated the then Mastiff scene in Australia. A review -  Sep ’95 – ‘With this in view Mr John Henry Connell (see at right) has been for some months in correspondence with Mr Louis Dobbelmann, of Rotterdam, the president of the Dutch Kennel Club Cynophilia and the leading English Mastiff fancier on the Continent. That gentleman had in his kennel the dog Jonathan, a good performer at the leading English and Continental shows, besides having the undoubted merit of being a proved stock getter. The correspondence culminated in a cable going through Mr Connell' agents recently; a reply being received a few days afterwards, stating that Jonathan (see at left) was bought and would bo shipped via Antwerp by the outgoing Norddeutsche Lloyd steamer Darmstadt. Therefore Jonathan should be here early in October.’

  15 Oct ’95 – ‘By the Norddeutscher liner Darmstadt, which arrived last evening, Mr JH Connell received the well known English brindle Mastiff dog Jonathan. His dog arrived in splendid condition He stands and moves remarkably well, and owns one ot the best heads ever seen in out of his breed out here. In bone and body and hind-quarters too, he is excellent. His breeding is of the best, being full brother in blood (ed – same sire, resp dams being sisters) to the present champion at home, Peter Piper. He is a great acquisition to his owner, and will probably effect un important improvement in this noble breed of dogs in Victoria’.

17 April ’96 – ‘Mr JH Connell' imported brindle Mastiff Jonathan is now free from quarantine, and is reported as looking remarkably well, although somewhat light in condition. He is to make his colonial debut at the Kennel Club Show to be held in Sydney during June.’ – May ’96 –‘Whenever there is anything good and new in the Mastiff line, Mr Alfred Cornwell is invariably the person to secure a share of it, if possible, and it is not surprising to learn that he has just secured from Melbourne a couple of chips from the ‘Jonathan’ block. Jonathan is a very near relation of the English crack Peter Piper, perhaps the best dog of his day, and was recently imported at a high figure by Mr JH Connell, of Melbourne, who has been to, such great expense during the last two or three years to import the best dogs of this breed that money could buy. Jonathan wad visited in quarantine by the well-known bitch champion Niobe, and the litter from which Mr. Cornwell' purchases have been selected was the result. Niobe is by Socrates (ed - since May ‘95 also owned by Mr Cornwell) ex-champion Zoe II, so that on both sides the most aristocratic blood is claimed. Of the puppies referred to, the dog is a fawn and the bitch a brindle.' - Here below at left Tirrita Niobe; at right a trio photographed Sept ’95 an probably presenting Mr Cornwell’ show Mastiffs, ie Tirrita Niobe, Socrates & Chartley Olga II, the latter described as – ‘barring a blemish in one of her fore legs, is hard to fault’.

15 June ’89 – ‘I had this week the pleasure of visiting Mr. Slade' kennels to inspect his newly-imported Mastiff dog Socrates, the pedigree and other particulars of which I gave on May 18.This dog, which claims descent from the finest and best Mastiffs ever seen on the show benches, is no disgrace to his ancestors, and is undoubtedly a great acquisition to our colonial stock. His head is the exact thing, and in this respect he will be invaluable as a cross with the bitches usually seen on our show benches, whose heads are too long. His ears are a nice size, and well carried, and his eye has that noble expression so characteristic of the breed. He has a grand loin and well ribbed-up barrel, with a perfect tail set on exactly in the right place, and although a powerful dog walks as square as a brick with not the  slightest appearance of cow hocks, a fault few of his breed are free from. If he has a fault, it is in being a trifle light in bone, but as he is very young, this may develop. Full of character and apparently possessing an amiable disposition, it is a lucky man who has one to beat him. I took the following measurements, which, for a dog only just over 12 mouths old, are, I think, very good. Length from tip of nose to stop 4in.; from atop to occiput 6in.; occiput to shoulder 12in.; shoulder to set on  of tail 29in. ; tail 16in.; width round muzzle 12 ½ in.; girth ot chest 36in.; height at shoulder 27in.; round the arm l0 in..' 11 April ’96 – ‘Socrates, 1st and special, in grand condition, is to our mind the best ever shown here; he has a grand skull, square muzzle, plenty of wrinkle, nice small ears, wonderful bone, good feet, stands straight and moves well, and is as active as a terrier; his chest is broad and deep, and his body round and long; we doubt if he can be beaten in the colonies if shown in present condition.’ Ed - Socrates weighed in his prime 160lb and died of paralysis February 1898.

Some judge reports about his brother Stentor owned by Lt-Col Z Walker ~ Liverpool ‘won easily, a very fine young dog, good coat, splendid head , small ears , dark eyes, and pleasing expression, which last seems unfortunately to be getting rare. He was by far the best mover in the class, and is particularly powerful in his hindquarters. He is much larger than he appears, his perfect symmetry preventing him from filling the eye with size. His only fault is a slight weakness under the eyes. Darlington under Walter K. Taunton ‘well-made dog, standing on good legs. I should like him better with more depth of muzzle. ‘ ~ Crystal Palace under Richard Cook  ‘beautiful dog, famous in body, legs, and feet, but a different type to my first four  [Plutarch , Sir Stafford , Ayrshire & Lord Clive].

19 June 1896 – ‘Mr JH Connell, of the Tirrita Kennels, Prahran, has managed to score a big success with his imported Mastiff Jonathan. Mr Connell gave a good price for Vice Chancellor in England, and was rewarded (!) by purchasing a sterile dog, while his imported bitch Lady Gerda likewise proved barren. Mr. Connell, albeit quite a young ' fancier,' is as game as the proverbial pebble though, and so, nothing daunted, he purchased Jonathan from Bremen (Germany), and this is how ' Wattle Bark,' the doggy man of the Leader. alludes to his latest purchase: —The stud mastiff Jonathan is certainly losing little time in getting stock for his owner. He has only but lately been released from quarantine, and he started off with a score of 16 puppies to Tirrita Niobe. Now he has to be credited with 14 puppies to the young bitch Tirrita Miladi. Ten of this litter have been kept, several of which are of a very handsome brindle. Mr Connell must be on good terms with himself for having imported such an animal as Jonathan. I understand that several of Niobe' puppies are purchased — a pair going to Sydney. Some of Miladi' puppies are also bespoken. On account of Jonathan' fashionable breeding and his near relationship to the champion Mastiff of the world, Peter Piper, these litters are most valuable to the Mastiff breeders of these colonies.’

18 Aug ’96 – ‘The Mastiff, Jonathan, was imported early last October by Mr JH Connell, of the Tirrita Kennels, Punt-road, Prahran, and is a very handsome brindle, and looks the English Mastiff to tho life. This breed in Australia has been particularly unfortunate, for but few dogs have been brought to this colony of more than average merit, and in the case of two excellent specimens the dog, was found to bo useless as a sire, and the biteh that accompanied him a very poor mother  and most uncertain breeder. Mr. Connell now has in Jonathan and in one or two good colonial bred bitches, besides the imported bitch referred to, the nucleus of a great kennel of Mastiffs, and it is gratifying to know that tho puppies bred from the imported sire are being eagerly sought for by fanciers, both here and in the neighboring colonies. Jonathan' breeding is the line of dogs now winning in England, his brother - in blood - Peter Piper being accepted as the best Mastiff at the present time. Both dogs are by Tom Bowling, Jonathan' dam being Maggie May, a litter sister to Peter Piper' dam. The subject of our illustration has already proved his value as a stud dog here, and moreover a recent show at Amsterdam saw a young son of his, Black Peter, placed first in the open class there, beating a kennel mate and a hitherto invincible competitor, viz, Eldee’ Duke. Speaking of Black Peter, the English Stockkeeper refers to the young dog in such terms as must he very gratifying to Mr. Connell, who now has the sire in his kennel.’

Chartley Noble b April ’97 was bred by Mr Alfred Cornwell of Chartley (Sidney) out of Chartley Olga II sired by his Jonathan (a well-known stud bred by Mr HG Woolmore & formerly owned by Mr Dobbelmann) . Mr Cornwell unfortunately died dd Sept ’98 due to a kick from his horse and his Noble came into the hands of a manager of a great brickworks, ie Mr Wemys Cardin (Croydon nr Sydney) who renamed him as – ‘Hazeldene’ Noble. After the premature death of his owner Mr Cardin, ‘he fretted dreadfully’ and died a few days later at an age of almost eleven years. Above at left – Mr Cornwell & his 14m old Noble and Mr Cardin & Noble’ sis Hazeldene Dora; at right – Hazeldene (formerly Chartley) Noble at 3y of age.

His dam Chartley Olga II, a fawn b 30th Jan ’92 was bred by William Scadden of Black Horse Farm , Black Horse Rd – Walthamstow – out of Lady Verona sired by Noble VIII ; Lady Verona bred by Exeter breeder James Hutchings out of Titus’ Lavinia sired by ch Beaufort’ Boanerges ; Noble VIII bred by WK Taunton out of Carshalton Bella sired by Young Colonel’ Arabi – Cashalton Bella -  ch Hotspur x Tring Empress (Cardinal x Columbine) ; the KCSB for ’93 mentions Olga II as owned by a ‘Mr AJ Selby’. William Scadden b ‘39 at Portesham ca fifty mls E of Exeter; according to census data William was a ‘butcher’, a trade he had practised  in various parts of the country.

Quotes – ‘But Mr Cornwell all colonial efforts when he produced the magnificent Chartley Noble, a dog that has no equal in the colonies and, if Mr C Court Rice is to believed, no superior in England at the present day’, - ‘Hazeldene Noble, the grand brindle which would be probably unbeaten in any part of the world’, - He is a dark brindle and wonderfully taking; his skull is an immense one and he is good in bone, indeed exceptionally so. Of course, it is the idea of Mastiff men that their particular dog should be long in the body, but a long cast animal certainly denotes weakness in the ordinary observer of nature. Noble appears long in the body, but rather would I believe that he is short on the leg. In the Mastiff you require great strength and activity too. And it was this idea that came to me as I looked over the famous Australian dog on the lawn of Hazeldene. Then, too, he is light in the colour of his eyes, not an uncommon defect in a Mastiff. A purely matter of fashion, but possibly the  chief fault the writer has to find with Mr Cardin’ dog is that Jonathan’ son is not the penman’ property.’ ‘Hazeldene Noble is undoubtedly the best Mastiff ever bred in Australia. He is not a tall dog, but lengthy, as sound as a bell, and moves with that precision so much admired in this grand old English variety. An evenly marked dark brindle, muscular, and so symmetrical that his great length of body is not at first sight apparent. Run the rule over him anywhere, and fault cannot be found. I should like to see him have a cut at champion Peter Piper and other good English dogs. Reklaw, by the same sire ex Socrates’ daughter ch Tirrita Niobe has the bad luck to bump up against Noble, for he is a really grand animal, a beautiful fawn in colour, with massive head and square muzzle. Reklaw is, like his rival, hard to fault, but he fails to Noble in muscularity of hindquarters. Mr Cardin' champion bitch Hazeldene Dora is full sis to H- Noble. In her can be found great type with a roomy body, good flat skull, and grand timber, but she could do with more size, in a word, she is small. As compared perhaps to that great specimen Cambrian Princess of old she would be puny but still there is true Mastiff stamped in her from nose to tip of tail'.-  –

17 June ’98 – ‘Mastiffs secured 25 entries, but several of the dogs were entered in two or more classes. Three of the breed, namely, W Cardin' champions Hazeldene Noble & Dora and Walker Brothers' Reklaw, would grace any English show. Noble, for which £300 was lately refused, stands pre-eminent amongst the breed in Australia , he is an evenly marked dark brindle, muscular, and so symmetrical that his great length of body is not at first sight apparent. Run the rule over him anywhere, and fault cannot be found. I should like to see him have a cut at champion Peter Piper and other good English dogs. Reklaw has the bad luck to bump up against Noble, for he is a really grand animal, a beautiful fawn in colour, with massive head and square muzzle. Reklaw is, like his rival, hard to fault, but he fails to Noble in muscularity of hindquarters. Dora, Mr Cardin' champion bitch, is also a fawn, with a roomy body, good flat skull, and grand timber. Noble and Dora are brother  & sis, being by the imported English champion Jonathan. Reklaw is by the same sire ex champion Tirrita Niobe.’

Chartley breeder Mr Alfred Cornwell did a lot of imports, a/o Socrates, full brother of Lt-Col Z Walker’ Stentor b April ’88 & bred by Mr Edwin Nichols out of Queen Dido sired by ch Victor Hugo.

Quote – ‘Socrates is a stone fawn with jet black muzzle and ears, sooty face and cheeks, and sooty strip down the back. He is a big dog, and shows true Mastiff character both in head and general build. He is said to be a grand companion, being thoroughly quiet and good-tempered. ' - At right – pics of Noble’ challenger Reklaw.

A chronological anthology about Peter Piper (b March ’93) in Australian newspapers. 1 Dec ’94 – ‘According to the English fancy press. Peter Piper, the brindled Mastiff, was quite the sensation of the late great Kennel Club Show in England.’  8 Dec ’94 – ‘As a proof of this we quote the following opinions of the Mastiff Peter Piper, the winner at the late Kennel Club Show, the Crystal Palace. The Mastiffs were principally noticeable for the début of one of the very best of this or any other period in the history of dog shows, as Mr HG Woolmore’ home-bred brindle Peter Piper by Tom Bowling out of Selina, was unquestionably the sensation of the show. His head is perfect, his legs and quarters just as good as could be wished, his body excellent, whilst, to add to all, he is as active as the proverbial kitten, and apparently a generous-tempered dog. All this is high praise, and to convey an idea to old fanciers at a distance of the appearance of Peter Piper, it may be suggested he closely resembles the fawn Pontiff, brought out by Mr Edgar Hanbury at an Alexandra Palace Show, but is a far bigger animal than that good dog, whose fault was a deficiency of sire. The Licensed Victuallers' Gazette, speaking of the same class, says:—‘Mastiffs also fell to Mr Turner' lot to adjudicate upon. A very fine collection they were. too. Mr HG Woolmore's Peter Piper accounted for the first prizes in the novice, limit, and open classes. and also the dog championship. He is a well-grown dog, but we did not fancy him so well as we did Mr Norman Higgs' llford County Member (ed – b Nov ’89 out of Lady Cobrey* – ch Beaufort x ch Toozie – and sired by Rev Van Doorne’ ch Jack Thyr) who has a better head, and is a better mover. Again, we thought Mr Higg's beautiful Coombe Baroness unlucky to be beaten by Mr Taunton' Isolde. The former shows truer character in head and muzzle, and was looking well.’ - It will be seen that anyone reading the Stockkeeper would naturally suppose Peter Piper to be one of the best dogs that ever lived, and far in advance of anything at present before the public, whereas the other supposed authority considers him second to County Member.' - Below at left – ch Crown Prince’ brother ch Prince Regent, at right ch Pontiff.

18 Jan ’96 – ‘The purchaser, Mr Joseph Royle, of Manchester, is the owner of the St Bernard Lord Douglas, and some time back caused a sensation in Mastiff circles by purchasing the well-known Mastiff champion Peter Piper. By some fanciers Mr Royle is looked upon as a new-comer, but we remember him as a plucky buyer and successful exhibitor as far back as 1878.’ – 28 March ’96 – ‘Great interest was centred in the Mastiff classes, where for the first time the English champion, Peter Piper, had an opportunity of meeting the American, Beaufort' Black Prince (ed – 5 ½ y old). The paper above quoted thus refers to the meeting : ‘Quite a crowd assembled at the ring side when the pair faced each other, and few envied the judge his task when he set  about investigating the merits and defects of the pair.

Eventually, however, he decided in favor of the brindle (Peter Piper), and wo do not think that 5 per cent, of those present denied the claims of Mr Royle' champion to the verdict, whilst all, wo are  sure, regretted the disappointment to Mr Higgs. Regarding the merits of the two dogs, Black Prince (ed – pic at right) is the taller animal, and, we should fancy, the heavier in bone, though appearances in the case of a brindle are always deceptive and against the dog. We incline to the belief, also, that the fawn is a bit bigger in girth of muzzle, as indeed he should be, being the taller dog ; on the other hand, Peter Piper smothered him behind, as the American is too straight in stifles; he is also too light in eye, and too fine and short in tail, whilst the brindle possesses the better skull, look out, ears, neck and body.’

18 Jan ’96 – ‘The purchaser, Mr Joseph Royle, of Manchester, is the owner of the St Bernard Lord Douglas, and some time back caused a sensation in Mastiff circles by purchasing the well-known Mastiff champion Peter Piper. By some fanciers Mr Royle is looked upon as a new-comer, but we remember him as a plucky buyer and successful exhibitor as far back as 1878.’ – 28 March ’96 – ‘Great interest was centred in the Mastiff classes, where for the first time the English champion, Peter Piper, had an opportunity of meeting the American, Beaufort' Black Prince (ed – 5 ½ y old). The paper above quoted thus refers to the meeting : ‘Quite a crowd assembled at the ring side when the pair faced each other, and few envied the judge his task when he set  about investigating the merits and defects of the pair. Eventually, however, he decided in favor of the brindle (Peter Piper), and wo do not think that 5 per cent, of those present denied the claims of Mr Royle' champion to the verdict, whilst all, wo are  sure, regretted the disappointment to Mr Higgs. Regarding the merits of the two dogs, Black Prince is the taller animal, and, we should fancy, the heavier in bone, though appearances in the case of a brindle are always deceptive and against the dog. We incline to the belief, also, that the fawn is a bit bigger in girth of muzzle, as indeed he should be, being the taller dog ; on the other hand, Peter Piper smothered him behind, as the American is too straight in stifles; he is also too light in eye, and too fine and short in tail, whilst the brindle possesses the better skull, look out, ears, neck and body.’

5 Sept ’96 – ‘The English mastiff Peter Piper still continues his victorious career, as, according to the Stockkeeper, he won the special prize for the best dog in the show at Rochdale on July 17.’ – 27 Nov ’97 – ‘The forty-second exhibition of the English Kennel Club opened at the Crystal Palace, London, on October 19. Bloodhounds came first, and were a wonderful collection. In Mastiffs, Peter Piper stood out from all the others, and is a very typical specimen. He is much like his half brother, Jonathan, but has more bone and substance.’ – ‘In Mastiffs Peter Piper, a half brother to Mr JH. Connell' Jonathan, stood out from the others; a dog with grand bone.’ – 11 Dec ’97 – ‘It has always been of interest to Australian fanciers to hear what Englishmen of note in the canine world had to say of colonial dogs. It will probably be equally interesting to gather from Mr WL Rae' remarks on the English Kennel tílub show at tho Crystal Palace, which he has contributed to the ‘Australasian’,'what the colonial judge thinks of English dogs, or, rather, in what light colonial dogs appear in comparison with them. Mr. Rae thinks that the crack English Mastiff, Peter Piper is very like Mr JH Connell' Jonathan, whose influence amongst the breed is now being felt so forcibly here. This is not at all surprising, as they are half-brothers.’

8 Jan ’98 – ‘Mr AD Sutcliffe, the well known Mastiff breeder, says in his report on the Manchester Show in ‘Our Dogs’; — Peter Piper frightened away all competitors in open dogs. He is, in my opinion, the best dog of any breed living. This is a pretty tall order, and very flattering to Mr JH Connell's champion dog' brother. Mr Sutcliffe, however, is not the only judge who has showered honors on ‘Peter Piper’, for he has on several occasions carried off the cup for the best dog of any breed at good shows, and quite recently he defeated, amongst others, the champion of champions in Collies, ‘Ormskirk Emerald’, whilst his Cup performances in the non-sporting division are now looked upon as a foregone conclusion.’ – Ed – Mr Albert Dante Sutliffe, a leather merchant of Manchester, purchased after Captain Piddocke’ death the Cobrey Park pair Lex & Bellerina (both by Iron Duke ex Lady Cobrey*’ sis Lady Dudley) and from Mr Wilkinson he bought ‘Oom Paul’ and ch Marksman’ Sir Anthony.

22 Jan ’98 – ‘Birmingham Dog Show. — The 39th anniversary of this high-class exhibition, which ranks second only to the 'Palace,' was opened on the 30th November. In Mastiffs, Mr. Royle' champion brindle, Peter Piper, won with his customary ease the challenge cup, value 25 guineas, for the best St. Bernard or Mastiff. Peter is considered by many good judges to he the best dog in England of any breed.’

– 8 July ’98 – ‘Royle, the burly pork butcher of Manchester, gave £470 at auction for (the St Bernard) Lord Hatherton. He is also the owner of Peter Piper, the champion Mastiff, and is accredited at home with being a dangerous competition in the ring, yet a colonial judge (ed – CC Rice?) tells me that a successful exhibitor like Royle is a novice and one who has more money than sense.’ – 17 Nov 1900 – ‘Since the dispersal of the Mastiff kennels presided over by Court Rice, of Frigga fame, and JSTurner, present chairman of the KC England, who showed Beaufort, Orlando, Hotspur, and others, no fancier at home has seriously tackled the breed, with the exception of WK Taunton, Rev van Doorne, and Captain Pidlocke. The Mastiff has now so degenerated that good specimens are most difficult to find. RL Leadbetter, of Hazelmere Park, Buckinghamshire, has determined, if possible, that the breed shall take its place in the front rank of those old varieties peculiar to England. His last purchase is  the brindle champion Marksman, considered by many competent judges to be tbe best Mastiff in the country, Peter Piper included. RL Leadbetter has the largest English kennel of Mastiffs. Besides Marksman, he is owner of Holland' Black Boy, Elgiva, Ha-Ha, and Lyndhurst Rose, the latter a big winner at the recent Ladies KC show. The chief reason assigned for the deterioration of the Mastiff is the absence of foreign blood— they are nearly all inbred to a previous sire named Crown Prince. This fawn dog flourished during the early eighties, and his success may be attributed to the possession of an enormous head, which was disfigured by a Dudley nose, reddish eyes and muzzle. His faults, however, were but skin deep. He did not transmit these repellant markings, and his services consequently were in great demand, while other dogs remained neglected. This excuse may be true in part, but fails in its application to the Laverack Setter. The Mastiff is essentially a rich man' dog, his rearing involves much expense and labour, and fanciers of to-day have left this variety to a few enthusiasts who can afford to cultivate the hobby, and have time at their disposal.’ -

107) Mr Walter Kelsey Taunton, born at London’ Holborn within ‘earshot’ of Mary Le Bow bells, could be considered as a real ‘cockney’. His kennels incl kennelman were some seven miles NE from the City of London , ie Manor Farm at Forest Gate, in those days a quiet refuge for busy citizens going out fishing at the Heronry pond…

108) The Lindbergh Baby was kidnapped for ransom in 1932. Its decomposed body was located 10 weeks later , but only after the Lindberghs had already handed over $50,000 in gold certificates . In 1935, immigrant carpenter and convicted felon Bruno Richard Hauptmann was found guilty of the crime . He was executed the following year in the electric chair . After the trial, Lindbergh and his wife moved to England to escape the American press . Soon thereafter he became enamored of Nazi Germany , admiring the policies of Hitler' regime . After making a couple of visits he even began making plans to move there permanently. He became active in the isolationist movement, urging England & U.S. to observe complete neutrality should war break out.

A month after the publishing of the above ‘Our dogs’ article , the Mastiff Mems of August 5, 1932 mentioned ~ ‘ It is a pleasure also to welcome into the fancy an American owner in the person of Colonel Percy Hobart Titus of Manthorne rd West Roxbury , Boston , Mass. It is to be hoped that others will follow his example and become possessors of what Idstone described as the prince of non-sporting dogs – the Mastiff . Colonel Titus has just acquired an excellent bitch from Mrs Langton , which is to form the nucleus of what he hopes to make an extensive kennel . American readers are reminded that their support is required by the Mastiff Club of America .’ 

At left - Manthorne Captain Jinks was [probably] out of ch Hellingly Ajax’ daughter Milfold Lass [also grandsired by ch Ashenhurst Cedric & Country Squire] sired by Prince Patrick of Penn (see below at left). Patrick was out of Lady Patricia bred by Deleval breeder Mrs Edger – ch Havengore Bill x Deleval Gyda by ch Woden -  sired by Penn King Peter  bred by Menai breeder Bob Thomas – King Agrippa x ch Menai Juno –;

At right - Manthorne June was also out of Milfold Lass sired by Buddy , grandson of ch Cleveland Premier , Evans’  ch Prince’ son Thor de Isles & Betty , a ½ brother/sis breeding to ch Weland of the Wingfield Kennels ; Goldhawk Elsie [ch Cleveland Premier’ son Sioux Chief x ch Duke’ daughter Woodbrook Tess, sis of Guy Greenwood’ ch Benvolio] . Below at right – the Colonel’ son, Goldhawk Elsie & Milfold Lass.

September 9 , 1932 ~ ‘News is also to hand from the United States to the effect that Colonel Titus , of W. Rowbury , Mass. , has imported three puppies from England . They are Roxbury Boy and Milfold Lass , both from Mr Peters’ kennel ; and Goldhawk Elsie , a handsome bitch bred by Mrs Langton . The two former were shipped by Messrs Spratt’s Patent , Ltd , and the last by Mr Fred Hawkings . Colonel Titus is well known in America as a successful breeder of Bulldogs . Being the fortunate owner of an extensive estate on Cape Cod , he hopes after acquiring a few other bitches and a stud dog , to try out the possibilities of breeding on a large scale .'

October 21 , 1933 ~ ‘Captain Guy Samuelson writes ~Much heated argument has appeared in this column and elsewhere upon the relative value of certain Mastiff ‘points’ . For the good of the breed let us for a moment forget ‘points’ and turn to a characteristic of the Mastiff , which should put him in the top-notch of popularity at a time when road hold-ups , bag-schnatching , shop raids , and burglaries are the order of the day .'

I mean his use as a guard and companion . Little over twelve months ago , returning from Devon with my wife , we pulled off the road on the downs near Lewis , for a sleep in the car by midnight . After some time , I was awakened by Lady Jane , our bitch [note ~ ch Michael of the Cinque Ports’ dam] , which growled repeatedly . I decided to investigate and sprang out , torch in hand , with Lady Jane which quickly put up two burly roughs from nearby bushes , who were stalking us , unaware of our guard . Never did bandits run so fast , and only my fear of her being run over on the road , prevented Lady Jane from making a ‘kill’ .

October 28 , 1933 ~ ‘ Whilst travelling in the North of England , I had the privilege of inspecting Mr Ben Bennett’ kennel . It is not generally known that Mr Bennett took up Mastiffs as a result of burglary which occurred a few years ago in his mother’ residence. He states that although every house within a considerable radius has been visited by burglars, his own property remains immune and seems likeley to continue so. His advice to all house-holders is ‘Keep a Mastiff’ .

Our Dogs’ Mem Sept ’32 mentioned Col Titus imported Roxbury Boy & Milfold Lass from Mr Peters. Mr Jonathan (Jonti) Edward Peters - b ‘85 Westhoughton nr Manchester - of Croft kennels Chorley Rd  Westhoughton - bred in 1931 a litter out of Sweet Memory sired by ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ grandson Wantley Jeffery (see also advert Our Dogs at left), containing  a/o ‘Break of Day’ owned by a Mr N Clarke who mated her to the stud of the day, ch Hellingly Ajax, resulting in a/o Tiddicar Prince Michael who, on his turn, sired a litter dd ’38 out of ch Tiddicar Diana. One out of that litter was Tiddicar Hermit given to the OEMC President Mrs Pam Day of Hollesley  Pyleigh Manor, that as a Christmas present by her sister. So, in short Mr Jonti Peters of Westhoughton bred the granddam of Mrs Day’ very 1st Mastiff.

‘Colonel’ Percy Hobart Titus was the son of Ethan Albert Titus (1854-1916) who married Hattie E Hobart on December and lived in Columbia New Hampshire. Ethan Albert assisted his father in a freighting business from North Stratford to Colebrook  and later on he started in the logging and lumbering operations on a large scale . He was rated as one of the best estimators of standing timber in the country . In later years his father (Ethan Albert Titus did considerable speculation in timber as well as operating . He lived the last few years in the West Roxbury District of Boston.

Percy Hobart Titus, (1879-1963) married 2nd Elizabeth Walter Howland in 1911. He was successively book agent (newspaper agent), hotel clerk, timber surveyor, manager for three affiliated lumber companies; adjuster, then chief adjuster Boston Elevated Railway Co; general claims manager Liberty Mutual Insurance Co since 1917, vice-president since 1927.


Three years later he became Kentucky Colonel (the highest title of honor bestowed by the Commonwealth of Kentucky; commissions for Kentucky Colonels are given in recognition of noteworthy accomplishments and outstanding service to a community, state or the nation). Mason (32nd Shriner). Club – Weston Golf. Home – ‘Saxonstone’ 270 Boston Post Road Weston Mass; summer residence at Osterville on Cape Cod. Office – Liberty Mutual Insurance Co Boston Mass. Member of the Mass Society of the Sons of the American Revolution.

At right – Col Titus & Saxondale Agrippa aka ‘Grip’, born  Oct 1936 , was bred by Mrs H Taylor out of Saxondale Uda [Crufts’ cc winner Deleval Ascelin x Saxondale Brutus’ sis Bess] sired by The Druid’ brother Sir Timothy [ch Uther Penarvon x ch Westcroft Blaise’ dau Lady Hildur]. The text mentions also – ‘one of his English Mastiffs, ribbon winner at Crufts London and at many others, on the corner of the north terrace at Saxonstone, his home in Weston; photograph taken in September 1941’. Ed note - Saxondale Agrippa is not registered within the KCSB and in that way NO winner of any Open, Limit or Mid Limit Class; his brother Saxondale Garry, owned by Mrs S Sowerby, got a 2nd prize Limit Class at Harrogate Sept 1938 , beaten by Hellingly King.

Quote dd 1943  – ‘Colonel Hobart Titus restored to America the nearly extinct grand old breed of English Mastiff, importing many fine specimens and breeding many more, among them, the only American-bred Mastiff to win an official championship in all history. She was the peerless Champion Manthorne June. The publishers of Encyclopedia Brittanica have just requested and been granted formal permission to publish her photograph to represent the Mastiff breed in their forthcoming edition. ‘Grip’ (Agrippa of Saxondale) has passed on to the bow-wow’ heaven, but his beautiful head and coat are in the possession of Yale University’s Peabody Museum of Natural History to be mounted on a mannikin modeled to conform to his true structure, and is to be preserved in their museum for all time as the standard representative of his breed. Incidentally, Colonel Titus  has long been the President of the Mastiff Club of America.’ -

No 109) Actor Charles Aubrey Smith (1863-1948), recipient of the Order of the British Empire [MBE] in 1938 and knighted by King George VI in 1944 , largely because of the positive image of Mother England that the actor invariably projected. In his younger years he was active in the Mastiff breed. His Colonel Cromwell (see pic below) was made up by cc’s  at Crystal Palace ’ 02 Dr Turner –  Manchester ’ 06 Col Z. Walker  –  Crystal Palace ’ 07 Dr Turner  –  Birmingham ’ 07 F. Brough . CA Smith judged at  Crystal Palace October ‘08  ~ Z Walker’ Lord of the Manor & Z Walker’ Countess Invicta and at Birmingham ’12 ~ Z. Walker’ Lord of the Manor & Arthur’ Brompton Duchess. In an interesting contribution to the Hants Canine Society’ quaterly journal Robert Leadbetter, Esq, Hazlemere Park Bucks,  writes ~ Mr Aubrey Smith’ sufficiently  emphasises the eulogy of the Mastiff as a ‘protector of person & property’, and at the same time gives a very complete panegyric of the breed, as following ~ ‘I love the Mastiff far and away above any other animal. Strong, large, keen, obedient, faithful, with noble head, honest wrinkled face, majestic and graceful, lion-like, pleasing in colour, with a smooth, delightful coat. Unsurpassed as a guard to person and property, Britain’ national dog, met in Saxon tales and Roman history’.

Charles Aubrey Smith was the very personification of the British Empire. Tall, stately and aristocratic looking with his huge, bushy mustache, he was quite an imposing figure. Even so, when young English journalist Alistair Cooke first travelled to Hollywood in the early 1930s to interview Smith, it was not to discuss the actor' four decades in show business , but to wax nostalgic on his athletic career . The son of a London surgeon , Smith [ London '63 –  Beverley Hills , California 1948 ] played soccer for the Corinthians and cricket for Cambridge . For four years, ‘Round the Corner Smith’ [so named because of his unique playing style] was captain of the Sussex County Cricket Club, playing championship matches throughout the Empire. . In ‘92 he finally decided to become an actor [not without family disapproval!], launching his stage career with the A. B. Tappings Stock Company in the theatre in England and later on in Broadway. - Below his show report dd 1908.

Despite the theatrical community' disdainful attitude towards the ‘flickers’,  Smith enthusiastically launched his film career in 1914. It was his 1928 stage hit Bachelor Father that led to Smith' phenomenally successful career in talking pictures . For 18 years, he was perhaps Hollywood's favorite ‘professional Englishman ’ . He was at his best in martinet military roles. Among his over 100 films were a/o ~ ‘Tarzan the Ape Man’ 1932 as James Parker; ‘Little Lord Fauntleroy’ 1936 as the Earl of Dorincourt; ‘Wee Willie Winkie’ 1937 as Colonel Williams (with Shirley Temple); Hitchcock’ ‘Rebecca’ 1940 as Colonel Julyan; ‘Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde’ 1941 as Bishop Manners; ‘Ten Little Niggers’ 1945 as General Sir John Mandrake (see card table pic). Insert - Mr James Greenwood' Sir Kennet which sired Lt-Col Z Walker chs Britains Queen & Britains Belle.

No 110) Lucy Clark [1892-1977] was the daughter of Frederick Clark [died at Fenchurch Street Station London January 1900] and Florence Piper; Lucy’ brother William ran a laundry in Hamlet Court Road where their grandfather Richard William Eastman Piper built No’s 2 - 10. In 1918 she married Frank Ernest Scheerboom whose parents [father Martin E] also owned an Express Sanitary Laundry on 64 Sutton Road [advert in Kelly’s Directory 1914].

Frank Ernest Scheerboom was managing director at the head office & works of the Express Laundry [Southend] Ltd at Havengore , Tunbridge Road , a site [near the Blue Boar & Garons bakery] owned by the Scheerboom family since the turn of the century ; they also had receiving offices at 112 , Sutton Road and 210 , Westborough Road . Frank E Scheerboom died in 1959 and in 1971-2 she resided  at Havengore House , Fairfield Road [some three miles North East of Tunbridge Road] . Above at left ~ Mr Frank Scheerboom and  ch Havengore Diann  [1958] ; at right ~ Mrs Lucy Scheerboom and the dark apricot ch Hotspot , Adam , Nectar & Caradoc [1960ties] .

The three acres grounds of the Express Laundry [Southend] Ltd at Tunbridge Road in the centre of Southend backed onto a derelict sandpit , what had been unusable waste ground until Frank E Scheerboom developed his gardens , later on called ‘Churchill Gardens’ , Prittlewell village . There was an article of at least half a page in [probably]  the Southend Standard about the 'human interest' story of a man who had spent a lot of time , money & effort making the remains of mineral extraction into a pleasant private garden and the handing of the gardens over to the Council [ probably as the laundry closed and was demolished ] , containing a large picture of a smiling Mr Scheerboom , possibly inset into a picture of his garden . Above at left ~ the 2 ½ y old ch Havengore Hotspot winning the Birmingham 1960 cc under judge Mrs Edna Harrild of Moonsfield repute; and a nostalgic view on the ‘Scheerbooms’ village main road Victoria Avenue, at the background the spire of St Marys church.

The Gardens are marked by a small waterfall of at least 30 feet cascades over a rock face into a pond and flows along a stream into a pool fringed with bog and shrub planting , areas of lawn provide opportunity for quiet contemplation ; birds that have been observed in the past include ~ Woodcock , Blackcap , Sparrowhawk , Grey Wagtail [see at the right corner] , Goldcrest , Long-tailed Tit , Chiffchaff , Redwing and Great Spotted Woodpecker .

Above ~ St Marys Church overlooking the Northern part of Churchill Gardens created by Frank E Scheerboom ; the church is situated at the joining of Prittlewell’ three main roads [East Street , West Street & Victoria Avenue , the latter built over North Street in the late 19th century] ; historically, Prittlewell is the original town , Southend being the south end of Prittlewell and an utmost rare photograph of Hotspot ready for a walk in the stunning scenery of what later on became named  as ‘Churchill Gardens’.

Some twenty years later, at the Paignton Championship Show July ’82,  the judge of the day Mrs Irene Creigh of Kisumu reported about ch Hollesley Medicine Man – ‘What can one say about this dog that has not already been said? As once a judge said about the famous ch Havengore Hotspot – I came, I saw, I conquered – I think about fits the bill. CC & BOB’.

No 111) The poem ‘Dragon of Wantley’ is a XVIIth century satirical verse parody of medieval romances about a dragon and a brave knight and satirizes a local churchman. In the poem a dragon appears in Yorkshire and eats children and cattle. The knight More of More Hall battles the dragon and kills it. The Wantley of the poem is Wharncliffe as the dragon lived in a cave on Wharncliffe Crags five miles to the north of Sheffield - South Yorkshire. Sir Francis Wortley, the diocese ecclesiastic, and the parishioners of Wharncliffe had a disagreement on tithing and how much the parish owed under the law of ‘First Fruits’ , so the poem makes him a dragon. More of More Hall was a lawyer who brought a suit against Wortley and succeeded giving the parishioners relief. The novel The Dragon of Wantley was written by Owen Wister  in 1892 and became a surprise success going through four editions over the next ten year .

Urbervilles Tess (see below at right)  b June ’20 & bred by GD Penny out of ch Lidgett Viscount’ grandaughter Beeches Brunna sired by RFW Conquest’ Collyhurst Squire; Tess got a res cc under Rbt Leadbetter at Bristol Dec ’20, next year a cc under AJ Thorpe & a res cc under Chris Houlker beaten by ch Boadicea while in ’22 she ended up with a 3rd prize at Birmingham and another reserve cc  . Wantley Dawn b March ’22 & bred by Cleveland breeder George Cook out of Tess’ maternal aunt Penwortham Fanny sired by Adamite who also sired ch Weland exported to Canada.

Miss MD Hitchings '86-70 resided in the early twenties at Argyle Rd Sheffield but according to the Edinburgh Gazette Feb ’31 she later on moved to Greenhouse Manor Knottingley, some forty mls to the North, and was stated as a spinster being a ‘teacher’. Her foundation brood was Brunhilde, b Aug ’22 & bred by ch Master Beowulf’ owner Miss Harbur out of Jessica (Survivor’ King of North x Stapleford Pedro’ Marwood Pride) sired by ch Weland.

Brunhilde’ 1st litter by ch King Baldur contained a/o the Hardingham sisters Lady Lydia  (grandam of ch’s Hellingly Ajax & Cinque Ports Michael) Lady Joan (dam to Hardingham Lady Barbara 1cc) & Lady Denise which produced that grand stud Cleveland Comedian. Her 2nd  litter by ch Yosemite Menai’ brother Wantley King Baldur gave Menai Maida, the latter dam to Menai Samba owned by Mrs Felicity Rimington-Wilson, daughter of The Crown’ Privy Councillor Godfrey Locker-Lampson. Brunhilde’ 3rd  litter, by ch Ashenhurst Cedric, provided a/o Wantley Bretwalda who sired a litter out of Dollymount Shiela which produced Wantley Jeffrey & W- Bretwalda Maid, the latter dam of Dervot Dantes owned by the American fancier Mr Dudley Leland. Her 4th & last litter , by John Illingworth’ Elvet Barrie, gave Broomcourt Shielah, dam to Broomcourt Bunty & B- Jeanne .

But foremost Miss Hitchings shall be remembered as the owner of ch King Baldur, pompously advertised in the Crufts ’21 catalogue as – ‘The Greatest Show and Stud Force in the Mastiff World – Fee 6 guineas’. Note – Ch King Baldur’ son ‘Baldurs Best’ is known as the great-grandsire of the important Bull-Mastiff stud ch Roger of the Fens.

Since ‘pedigreed’ Mastiff breeding began only about a dozen women are to be found throughout the breed fancy unto the ‘roaring twenties’, the period wherein Miss Hitchings was active in Mastiff breeding & showing, and characterized by the successful upswing of female fanciers. Heretofore only half a dozen champions (or ca 5%) were bred by women but it all changed rapidly during the 1920s, ie nearly 2/3 of all Mastiff champions (born in the 1920s) were bred by them. It also was the era wherein women got electoral equality with men (1928), ie all women over 21 years old, regardless of property ownership; priorly only women over 30 who met minimum property qualifications could vote.

No 112) The Wey Acres kennels have played an important role in the revival of the Mastiff in Great-Britain; Miss Ianthe Bell exported Withybush Magnus to Mrs Helen Weyenberg of Mequon – Wisconsin. In 1952 his son  Weyacres Lincoln (out of Peach Farm Priscilla) arrived at Great Withybush, Cranleigh – Surrey and became one of the then prominent studs; his son Copenore Jason being the ancestor of almost all strains of importance. In 1973 another American bred one came to England, ie Wayside The Devil and also he became a cornerstone in the breed development and, perhaps not by accident, he also traces several times back to the Weyacres kennels, ie along Baron of Weyacres Tars, Tars being sibling to Miss Bell’ Weyacres Lincoln.

Mrs Helen Weyenberg, née Jackson 1904-1983, married the entrepreneur Mr Frank L Weyenberg 1882-1976 after the early passing  of his first wife Myrtle née Linkman with whom he had three children a/o Jacqueline - see below at right the newspaper clip dug up by American breed historian Mr Steve Oifer via historicimages.com; the other historicimages.com photo, finishing the eulogy re Mr Frank L Weyenberg, presents the Weyenberg couple Frank & Helen Weyenberg who lived at their Wey Acres estate having a windmill as a remembrance to his Dutch origin, ie Wanroy nearby Nijmegen.

No 113) A lovely pencil drawing by an unknown artist of a blocky Mastiff head depicting Am ch Emperor William (27,271) b July 28, 1892 and bred by owner Charles Albert Lougest (an Englishman emigrated to Boston) out of Gerda II - ch Ilford Chancellor x ch Minting’ daughter Madge Minting - sired by Ingleside Maximilian - Prince Albert Victor x ch Beaufort Black Prince’ dam Gerda -. Compared to photographs the drawing of the then 24th US President Grover Cleveland seems rather true-to-nature, whereas Emperor William’ image may be rather caricatural in order to create the look-alike effect. The name ‘Emperor William’ may refer to British Queen Victoria’ eldest grandchild Wilhelm II, German Emperor ruling between 1888-1918.

Emperor William’ paternal grandsire Prince Albert Victor was out of Princess Scota sired by Ilford Caution’ brother Imperial Chancellor. Ingleside Maximilian’ sis Parbuckle b April ’89 was owned by Captain James Magnus - of Hazledene Timperley nr Manchester - who purchased also her dam Princess Scota (sired by ch Prince of Wales) and another one bred by Dr Lougest, ie General Von Moltke (Gerda x ch Prince of Wales’ son Napoleon) described by Mr Mark H Beaufoy as ‘An old favourite of mine , but he has lost his condition in which I saw him last . He looked out of coat and has gone rather weak behind . His stern , always a bad one , looks worse now that hair is worn off ‘.

Those Lougest-Magnus 'transactions' were perhaps not entirely accidental as both men seemed to have had German roots. From the London Gazette 26th June 1903 - ‘NOTICE is hereby given, that the business of a Merchant & Shipper, carried on by the late Hermann Martin Magnus (b Hamburg 20 March 1830 , son of Jacob Magnus & Henrietta Liebchutz , married  Adele Frederika Ruben of Sweden) , under the style of ‘JOSEPH MAGNUS & NEPHEW’ , at No 27 Peter street – Manchester , has been sold and transferred to the sons of the deceased , James Magnus & Rudolph Magnus , from the 20th January last , and that the said James Magnus & Rudolph Magnus will carry on the said business under the style of ‘Joseph Magnus & Nephew’, at the above address, and will pay and receive all accounts owing by or to the said Hermann Martin Magnus, or his representatives, in respect of the said business'.

From ‘History of the Manchester Ship Canal , from its inception to its completion , with personal reminiscences’ - by Sir Bosdin Leech 1907 – ' Perhaps the most curious of the early consignments to Manchester was an Egyptian gentleman , by name Nali Gournali , said to be 4,000 years old . His remains in the form of a mummy , were consigned to Mr James Magnus of this city.' Note - The Bridgewater Canal branch from Stretford to Runcorn was built through Timperley and opened in 1776; this improvement in transport encouraged the development of market gardening in the area to serve the growing city of Manchester.