AW Lucas

Parchment maker Arthur W Lucas

The centerfold of this ‘Stock Keeper’ issue is filled up with portraits of the forty-two Representatives of the first Kennel Club Council 1901 together with their Chairman  Mr. Edwin Brough [Association of Bloodhound breeders] and Mr George Krehl [Irish Terrier Club] as Deputy Chairman ; Mr AW Lucas being appointed  by the Old English Mastiff Club as their delegate .

According to the Census Return of 1891 , Arthur W Lucas was born at Camberwell in 1861 , profession ~ parchment maker , residence ~ Stafford House , Rotherhithe [ SE of London city ] . His first Mastiff brood was Erna , born 1888 & bred by Rev NP Drewe of Isle of Dogs , East London ;  Erna was sired by one of the Belgian Reverend Henry Van Doorne’ studs ch Jack Thyr or Wodan [ch Beaufort x Gytha II] out of Kits Freya , grandaughter to Hereward [brother to Edwin Nichols’ Wallace who sired Dr Sidney Turner’ Cedric The Saxon] ; Cedric , on his turn , sired the two foundation bitches of our Belgian Reverend namely Wunna & Gytha II . So , there’s some likeness between Erna & the then famous Rev Van Doorne’ stock . In 1892 he mated Erna firstly to Robin , brother to Selina [ch Peter Piper’ dam] & Maggy [dam to Jonathan , Joan & Premier] , resulting in Earl Stafford , 2nd puppy class at Crufts , beaten by HG Woolmore’ Lady Sybil (ch Carshalton Prince x Maggie May)  & Abbess, later mated to Tom Bowling and resulting in Chieftain .

His second litter was also out of Erna but sired by Sir Stafford [ch Frigga Secunda’ sire] owned by Charles Court Rice ; their daughter Di Vernon became an important brood having produced Invicta [C Aubrey Smith’ ch Colonel Cromwell’ & Paula’ sire & ch Countess Invicta’ grandsire] & Mellnotte [grandsire to George Cook’ ch Felix, Huson’ , ch Nuneaton Helga & Burch’ ch British Monarch] . AW Lucas’ most successful show specimen was Paula’ halfsis champion Marchioness [rich apricot ~ born 1901 by Norman Higgs’ Dalston Benedict ex Lyndhurst Jenny] .

Marchioness (see at right) was bred back to Captain Leo Piddocke magnificent litter ‘ champion Ogilvie ex champion Jubilee Beauty ’ along her great grandparents  Stella III  ~ Iron Duke  & Tom Bowling .

She was awarded 10 challenge certificates a/o  3  by Robert Leadbetter Esq [3x]  , AJ Thorpe [2x] , Mark Beaufoy MP , Dr Sidney Turner , Lieut -Col Zaccheus Walker , Henry Clay & Wm Rylands . According to the Stud Books she was only beaten 3 times , namely by two brindle champions , Marcella b 1896 under John O’ Connell & Clarice b 1898 under WN Higgs & Fred Gresham , the latter St Bernard breeder of Spring Hall ~ Sawbridgeworth .

Lt-Col Zaccheus Walker reported at Manchester [April 1906] as following ~ ‘ Marchioness was shown in nice condition , possibly the most attractive part of this bitch is her excellent body , which is massive , broad and deep with beautifully rounded ribs and ‘false ribs’ , deep and well set back to the hips ; she would be almost perfect where she only of greater length . Her head and face are only of a fair size and substance even for a bitch ; the skin on skull is too loose , so much so that she shows a considerable amount of wrinkle even when in repose , and this , together with being very much undershot indicates too much of the bulldog type ; her appearance is still further marred by the manner in which she carries her ears ; she shows plenty of bone , and stands on legs well apart but too short , is somewhat upright in her stifles which naturally prevents her moving with that freedom one might desire . She was an easy winner .’ 

2nd & 3rd prizes were awarded to ch Hazlemere’ Ronald’ sisters Kilmacolm Lucy [2 cc’s & 3 reserve cc’s] ~ ‘ typical , but small size ’ & Marcia , owned by AJ Thorpe .

Above at  left -Edwin Brough , that eminent Bloodhound breeder , was also a well-known Mastiff judge . At Birmingham 1907 he awarded both challenges to specimens bred by AW Lucas , namely Charles Aubrey Smith’ ch Colonel Cromwell & Lt. Col. Z. Walker’ Duchess Superba . Edwin Brough also was the breeder of the famous Bloodhounds , Burgho & Barnaby , which were purchased in 1889 by Sir Charles Warren, Chief of the London Police , in order to track Jack the Ripper …

From the dozen Mastiffs entered at Crufts 1899 , eight were offered for sale of which four owned by Arthur W Lucas , then of Blackthorn Cottage Tolson Road - Isleworth about ten mls W of London City . Lucas’ Invicta £250 , Chieftain £25 & Mellnotte £20 , Altman’ Elm Court Boy £25  , Clementson’ Grim (unr) £5 ; for females -  Lucas’ Herodias £55 , Lee’ Ha Ha £25 , Barnes’ Black Princess £25 .

William Norman Higgs , judge of the day , preferred 16m old Chieftain above the highly priced Invicta . Stanley R Altman’ Elm Court Boy , bred by the judge himself , became best male in mixed Novice Class ; in females he awarded the certificate to ch Ha Ha , another one bred by the judge of the day while Lucas’ brindle Herodias, sis to Invicta & Mellnotte , got the reserve in preference to ch Elgiva . Dr Turner reported about Chieftain – ‘Good in head but bad in feet , has not the size of Invicta’ - while the latter’ brother Mellnotte was considered as – ‘small in body and too full in the eye’ .

Chieftain & Invicta being almost equal in ancestry , same sire while the respective dams were half sisters (both out of ch Jack Thyr/Wodan’ dau Erna) while respective maternal grandsires were Sir Stafford vs his son Robin , brother to ch Peter Piper’ dam Selina .

Note – The KCSB ’95 mentions Peter Piper as by Tom Bowling out of Selina No 20790 , a number which corresponds with Selma by Bruce VII out of Juno bred by Mr Hanshaw & owned by S Field Adolphus House London . If this may be correct then she (Selma)was about eight years old at the moment of the litter containing Peter Piper & Leyton Jim , the latter’ registration mentions probably his parentage correctly , ie Tom Bowling ex Selina by Sir Stafford ex Chocolate Girl . Selina was reported by WN Higgs as - ‘Nice quality & type but very small’ . AW Lucas’ Chieftain came from the last litter sired by PP’ sire Tom Bowling .

The thoroughbred Tom Bowling , b 1870 , was sired by Lexington , the latter considered to be the greatest stallion in the nineteenth century . Tom Bowling was bred & owned by HP McGrath of Lexington Kentucky . Turf authority BG Bruce stated he once saw  Tom Bowling complete the third quarter on a mile in 19 ½ secondss , a feat no other horse ever approached in his time .

The KCSB mention only one litter sired by Chieftain , namely out of Imogene (ch Marksman ex Garrow Tree Phillis) , which produced Niobe & Queen Ernestine ; Niobe being grandam to Oscott Shielah , granddam to Prince Lie A Bed & Princess Lie A Bed , Count Willington (ch Cleveland Premier’ grandsire) ; Queen Ernestine being granddam to ch Lidgett Viscount’ sire Brindled Prince , Beowulf (ch Havengore Bill’ grandsire) & Minerva , dam to Collyhurst Squire (ch Woden’ grandsire) & Minerva also granddam to ch Westcroft Cleopatra (also tracing back to G4 Oscott Norah) , dam to ch’s Westcroft Blaise & Bulger .

Perhaps Arthur W Lucas derived the name ‘Chieftain’ from the eponymous comic opera by Arthur Sullivan & FC Burnand which premiered at the Savoy Theatre on December 12th  1894  for a run of ninety-seven performances . Although the piece was greeted warmly , it closed after just three months .

AW Lucas then lived at Military Road Rye , twelve mls NE of Hastings ; Rye , in medieval times an important member of the Cinque Ports confederation a small town standing two miles from open sea ; hereabove  a panoramic view on Rye with the Ypres Tower in the centre .