Dr Forbes Winslow

Dr  Lyttleton Stewart  Forbes Winslow(1844-1913)

Breeding & showing - He firstly entered the Kennel Club stud books in 1878 , gaining 2nd prize with his own bred Nina at the Crystal Palace show which was won by the well-known Creole , bred by the Reverend Mellor .

Nina was whelped on February 15th 1875 out of his foundation bitch Josephine who was sired by Big Ben’ brother , champion Punch ; Josephine’s dam Nell was out of Lord Darnby’ Nell sired by Edwin Nichols’ Quaker . In 1879 , Nina got a 1st prize & Cup at Darlington , a 2nd prize at Bristol and a special prize at Merthyr. Her sire was champion Wolsey’ brother Prince , owned by Edwin Nichols of Hammersmith . The brothers Wolsey & Prince were bred by Edgar Hanbury of Highworth , Wiltshire and were sired by champion Rajah out of champion Queen .

In 1873 , this Prince sired a litter out of Mr Taunton’ Nell by ch. King ;  a year later he sired the Rev. Mellor’ Duchess by Big Ben which resulted in champion Creole , but his most famous offspring was his son champion Beau , born in 1876 .

In 1879 Dr Winslow purchased three prominent specimens . Firstly the littermates Placida & His Lordship , born 1877 , from Dr Lammond Hemming of East Moulsey Surrey . They were sired by ch. Granby’s son Grove’ Prince out of Kittie .

His Lordship won the champion prize at Darlington & 1st prize at Oxford 1878 and 1st prize at Bristol 1879 . In 1880 , under the ownership of Dr Winslow , His Lordship was awarded the champion prize at Dublin , 1st champion class at Margate and was also successfully shown in Berlin , Germany while  Placida got an extra prize at Margate 1880 and sold to Hugh Lupus Grosvenor [1825–1899 Duke of Westminster] , who bred a litter from Placida in June 1880 sired by Nina’s brother Hector II and resulting in Chester , owned by Dr Winslow.

The third one was the six years old son of Big Ben , Wallace , bred by Edwin Nichols but owned by Mr F. Graham of Birkenhead . Wallace sired in 1876 Dr Turner’ Cedric The Saxon and got  1st prize at Burton-on-Trent in 1878 .  Dr Winslow entered him in 1879 at Falmouth where he got 1st prize , at Aberdare 2nd prize , at Merthyr 2nd prize and finally a special certificate at Hanover, Germany . He also bred a litter in 1879 , again mated by Wolsey’ brother Prince but this time out of a The Shah daughter , Elsa which produced some fine offspring as Luath & Busca , both owned by Mr Gee of The Priory , Clare , Suffolk .

Advert - London Evening Standard  - Nov 18th ’79. 'Grand brood Mastiff for sale – ‘Elsa’ by ch The Shah ex ch Creole; dam of prize Mastiff puppies at the late Kennel Club Show Brighton; price £50 - Apply to Mr Jones, of 23 Cavendish-Square,' -  probably an assistant of Dr FL Winslow.

From Mr Moore Dr Winslow acquired two half brothers  out of Big Ben’s daughter Bijou , Peter The Great sired by Big Ben’s nephew Wolf and  Othello sired by The Boss, the latter got an equal 3rd prize at Alexandra Palace 1881 where Mr Woolmore’ Crown Prince won the puppy class and was described by the official report as ‘ the sensation dog of the show  , such a puppy has not been seen since The Shah made his first appearance on the show bench ’ &c . At that show , Crown Prince was sold to Dr Winslow who also acquired Negress , a 2 years old bitch ,  from Mr Darlington who had mated her in 1879 to champion Rajah resulting in Dr Turner’ famous The Lady Rowena . 

In 1881 Dr Winslow mated Negress to Crown Prince which gave his only homebred champion , Crown Princess ; her brother Prince Waldemar got 1st prize puppy class at Alexandra Palace before he was exported to Mrs Belmore-Suydam of New York ; another brother , Prussian Prince , got 1st prize puppy class at Crystal Palace and was later on  acquired by Mark Beaufoy . WK Taunton’ Zulu Empress , a young brindle bitch inbred to champion Cardinal , was sold to Mr Carslake of Somerset who bred Margery out of champion Ilford Baroness and sired by his Crown Prince [ for whom an offer of £700 was turned down when he was on his way to compete at Ostend , Belgium] . It was the Newfoundland breeder Mrs Cunliffe  who sold Margery to Dr Forbes Winslow in ‘83 .


His following acquisitions were two cousins , namely the Prince’ daughter Heela , bred by Major Galton out of Fury and on the other side the Wolsey’ daughter Princess , bred by Baron Banbury . Princess was the dam of champions Cardinal , bred by Baron Banbury , and  Pontiff , bred by Mr Hanbury . From the Rev. Mellor he bought Bal Gal , a Prince’ grand daughter sired by champion Beau and finally he acquired another Wolsey’ daughter from Mr Morris Vaga ; she was out of champion Countess’ sister  Empress . He mated her to Prussian Prince which resulted in Queen Brenda , later on sold to the Rev Mellor of Sittingbourne .

Considering his policy of purchases  and matings as a whole ,  one can state that Dr Winslow tried to blend Big Ben’ ultimate size & construction with the characteristic head type of the Rajah line . He therefore owned a Big Ben son , Wallace and  three Big Ben grandchildren , Peter The Great , Othello & Zulu Empress ,  while his foundation brood was a Big Ben’ niece ;  from champion Wolsey’ get he owned two daughters , Princess & Vaga and from Wolsey’s brother Prince ‘ offspring he possessed daughter Nina , granddaughter Negress and great granddaughter Margery.

Dr Winslow will still be remembered at first place being the owner of champion Crown Prince , bred by Mr H.G. Woolmore of Chingford [who sold him back at auction for £180] . He entered 28 times into the results of Kennel Club Stud Books , gaining 1st prizes at 26 of them . At only two occasions , he had to be contented with  2nd prizes but he never was lower placed . At Colchester 1882 , he was beaten by Mr Taunton’s champion Cardinal  and at Crystal Palace 1883 by Mr Beaufoy’s champion Prince Regent . At Alexandra Palace 1880 & Margate 1881 the young Crown Prince got 1st prizes but it was  Mr Beaufoy’ champion Nero who got the challenge awards.

Some family history ~

In 1618  Edward Winslow [1595–1655] married Elizabeth Barker at Leiden , Holland and two years later they were passengers on the Mayflower , chartered by John Carver      [ leader of the congregation of Separatist Puritans  at Leiden ~ Holland ] for the voyage to Plymouth , Massachussetts .

Edward Winslow became a leader of the Plymouth Colony , serving three terms as governor , and made many trips to England . In 1624 he brought the first cattle back to America . In 1646 , when in England , he was asked to stay by the Lord Protector , Oliver Cromwell .

Edward Winslow was among those , commissioned to retrieve English ships in the West Indies that had been captured by the Dutch . Winslow died on the journey from Hispaniola to Jamaica and was buried at sea .

                                                              In Mourt' Relation [1622] Edward Winslow , the Governor ,  has left a record of at least two dogs who participated in the settling of Plymouth Colony . He tells us a Mastiff and a Spaniel were involved in the first explorations of discovery on Cape Cod and the activities of homebuilding during the first winter ashore ;  the Mastiff was referred to as a 'bandog' or 'tiedog , meaning he was tied up during the day , but loose at night' but  also as hunting dog of the nobility , being a  powerful ,  agile and courageous dog . 

Dr Forbes Winslow must have been fully aware of this data and presumably it became his ‘drive’ on Mastiffs . ~  Winslow was a proud name . To be a direct descendant of a Pilgrim Father , to feel in the blood the iron resolve of those who sailed for two months in the Mayflower , grew corn , parleyed with painted Indians and wrote a Compact to form a civil body politic , was a special distinction  .

Edward Winslow is the only Pilgrim Father of whom a portrait survives . His likeness , showing his strong , dour features , not at all aristocratic , used to hang in hundreds of Winslows homes on both sides of the Atlantic . Source  ~ Molly Whittington-Egan’ Doctor Forbes Winslow . Dr LS Forbes Winslow was the 7th generation of the ‘Great Pilgrim’s brother  John Winslow . However much Forbes Winslow may have prided himself on his resemblance to Edward , the Governor – for the blueprint has proven durable – he was not , in fact , a direct lineal but collateral descendant of this Edward Winslow .

Dr  Lyttleton Stewart  Forbes Winslow(1844-1913)  was the son of Dr Forbes [Benignus] Winslow (1810 – 1874) , a Doctor who specialised in lunacy and founded two asylums at Hammersmith , namely Sussex House House & Brandenburgh House both situated nearby the Thames and only three miles south west of his London city house .

It was at the old mansion , called Sussex House , that L.S. Forbes Winslow resided with his family altogether with some forty patients . It had wing buildings , offices , a big conservatory , greenhouses , coach-houses , cow-houses , meadows , ornamental pleasure grounds and lodges . One could assume that his Mastiff kennels were also integrated in this five acres big property .

Dr L.S. Forbes Winslow’s town consulting practice was at 23 Cavendish Square London - at left pic dd '37 presenting the front elevation of '23 Cavendish Square' -  in the nearby of the statue of Lord George Cavendish Bentinck (1802 – 1848) , a relative to the Duke of Devonshire William Spencer Cavendish , the one involved with the early pedigree Mastiff breeding . The Lord was nicknamed as ‘the Jockey' , because he was known primarily for his horse-racing activities until 1846 when he emerged as a leading politic opponent of the repeal of the Corn Laws ; his brilliant Tory leadership with Disraeli was cut short by his sudden death . Lord George was a regular visitor at Newmarket , both for racecourses and for Tattersall’s , the world’s first bloodstock auction house founded in 1766 by Richard Tattersall , which had also quarters at the corner of Hyde Park  .

Dr Forbes Winslow was a celebrated psychiatrist and leading English authority on insanity . One of his statements was that ‘ the causes for insanity are the vices not the worries of civilisation . I should put the causes of insanity in the following order ,  drink ,  cigarettes  & heredity  ; much of the degeneracy formerly attributed to alcohol is due to alcohol plus tobacco .

His name has been immortalised in anti-Spiritualist literature . The eccentric psychiatrist claimed that many patients in lunatic asylums had been made insane by  Spiritualism . His remarks were seized upon Christian pamphleteers and were still being cited a century later . During Victorian times, when the property rights of women were not well protected, males interested  in seizing an estate would sometimes get women beneficiaries committed to an asylum . An interest in Spiritualism was helpful in these odd matter  . Dr Forbes Winslow was a principal in a famous court case in 1884 that damaged his professional reputation and which led to an auction where also the controversial Mastiff of the day, Crown Prince was sold for £ 180.

The influential ‘ Vanity Fair ’ magazine published a coloured lithograph about the court case concerned, showing ‘ Mrs Georgina Weldon, holding a bundle of documents titled ‘ Weldon versus Winslow ‘, a delightful and indefatigable campaigner for the rights of the individual became involved in the ‘ Lunacy reform law ’ via a series of legal actions against Dr L.S. Forbes Winslow .  In reality, Mrs Georgina Weldon 1837-1913 (see pic above at left)  wasn’t however irreproachable, being a noted singer and married to Captain George Weldon, she enjoyed a notorious association with Charles Gounod, the brilliant French composer  (a/o ‘Faust’)

He moved in with the couple at Tavistock House and this created quite a scandal of which Gounod eventually tired . After his final parting he began to argue with her about financial matters after which she sued him , won a judgment and threatened to have him arrested if he set a foot in England . Even Queen Victoria could not persuade her to lift her embargo . Having discovered her talent as litigator , Georgina left her husband and began a crusade to change the laws , often embroiled in several lawsuits at once . In March 1885 she was sentenced to six months for libel on Mr Jules Prudence Riviere , the editor of ‘ The  Musical Progress ’ journal . So one can consider that it must have been quite a match for  Dr  Winslow .

In his book ‘Our Friend The Dog’ chapter XXI-I  The British Mastiff , Gordon Stables mentions ~ ‘I hope many of my readers have a pretty good idea of the general appearance of this grand animal , and that they would not let pass as Mastiffs the then terrible ban-dogs it was my good or evil fortune to see the other day . I was told that a gentleman in my neighbourhood , a Mr. T- , had gone wrong , and that on a certain day all his splendid kennel of Mastiffs was to be put to the hammer .

I thought I could not do better than run over the evening before and have a look at them . The Berkshire folks assured me that they were the grandest specimens ever seen ; but they know more about pigs than Mastiffs .

Mr. T__ lived in a fine old tree-shaded mansion surrounded by high walls . I could make no one hear at the front gate , so went away round the wall to the back entrance . It was partly ajar , and I entered and found myself – among the Mastiffs .

They were all chained to barrels , in two lines facing the pathway I had to traverse in my passage to the back door . Bigger , more gaunt , and fierce , and hungry-looking than big wolves , with bloodshot eyes, badly-carried ears .

I’m not usually timid among dogs , but how I ever got to the back door , and how I ever got back again , is more than I can tell to this day . Among those tearing brutes I must have looked like Daniel in the lion’ den . These dogs had all the bad properties of Mastiffs , bar size alone . They were gravel-coloured , lank and lathy , long-headed , cow-hocked , and rough hided , badly-tempered beasts .

Molly Whittington’ research work ‘Dr Forbes Winslow ~ Defender of the Insane’ mentions on page 147 ~ ’ Dr Winslow’ asylum at Hammersmith  is a fine old house .. A high boundary wall runs round the five or six acres of ground … A thickly-planted shrubbery affords a pleasant retreat in the heat of the day .’ Together with the fact his kennel was auctioned in 1884 [ a/o  champion Crown Prince , Maximillian & Prussian Prince ~ respectively sold to HG Woolmore , Mrs Willins & Mark Beaufoy ~ also Peter the Great , Rosalind , Margery & Prussian Princess] , one can suppose Dr Gordon Stables has made hereby a veiled statement regarding Dr Forbes Winslow’ [1844-1913] menagerie at Sussex House , Hammersmith .

Later on Dr LS Forbes Winslow became involved with the tracing of  Jack the Ripper . He was adamant that the Ripper was of the upper-class of society with a kind of religious mission to extirpate vice and sin and believed that considerable anatomical knowledge was displayed by the Murderer who according to Dr Winslow was responsible for 8 crimes between Dec. ‘87 & July ’89 .

In the interests of the ‘ Gutter Gazette ‘ , the Sensational Interviewer dogs the Detective’s footsteps and throws the strong light of publicity on his work . Under  these circumstances it is not surprising Detectives should prove a failure .  The police didn’t have any notice about his identity, the press thought that the killer had moved to America, others thought that he filled with remorse killed himself, but just one man knew what was happened to this madman and that was the alienist Dr Forbes Winslow. He was a medical theorist, a practical detective and also a noted occultist and became engrossed in the White chapel murders and after spending weeks living in the slums of Whitechapel he formed a mental picture of the killer. Armed with this picture he began to track the man whom he believed was the Ripper, and Dr Winslow is believed to have found him on Friday, 9th November 1888 , shortly after the Ripper murdered his final victim , Mary Jane Kelly .

An element in the whole theory is that Dr Forbes Winslow himself was once suspected of being Jack the Ripper  who operated mainly in 1888 , the year when Sussex House , Dr Winslow’  lifework ,  was demolished …

Dr Forbes Winslow seemed to have been in the neighborhood , each time Jack the Ripper committed his crimes . Other indications were that he was a skilled doctor , possessing the anatomical knowledge displayed by the Murderer and after his financial & professional debacles   [a/o the Weldon case] he strangely put his name forward to become coroner for East Middlesex  … Clanash Farjeon’ novel ‘A handbook for attendants on the Insane’ , fashioned as a broad metaphor for the madness of mankind , has dared to unmask the horror from the killer' point of view . In 1889 the Doctor had boasted to the press – ‘I’m as certain that I have the murderer as I am of being here.’ In his memoirs ‘Recollections of Forty Years’ [1910] he claimed that he had singlehandedly chased Jack the Ripper from England. ‘ . . I was more than satisfied .. that was the general opinion of everyone in England except the Scotland Yard authorities . . I should like to ask them one question though , 'If I did not arrest the murderous hand of Jack the Ripper, who did , and what part did they play in the transaction ? ....

'Was this troubled scion of the Pilgrim Fathers uniquely in a position to know? ‘ . . Day after day and night after night I spent in the Whitechapel slums . The detectives knew me , the lodging-house keepers knew me , and at last the poor creatures of the streets came to know me . . To me the frightened women looked for hope. In my presence they felt reassured and welcomed me to their dens and obeyed my commands eagerly . .‘ Has a tortured impulse to confess lain long buried beneath these words ? Amidst a vivid evocation of London life in the 1880's , Winslow unfolds the peculiar circumstances of his early years , the telling details of his family history , a shocking blow by blow depiction of each fatal encounter and his fond remembrance of the unfortunate victims of his unholy crusade . How did a 'perfectly normal upper-middle-class father and reasonably successful professional man' become the Whitechapel fiend ? Why did the carnage begin ? Why did it stop ?  ' sic Clanash Farjeon , nom de plume of the Canadian actor , director & author , Alan Scarfe [b. 1946 Harpenden ~ 30 miles North of London] .

In 1717 Lord Harley , Earl of Oxford , laid out Cavendish Square, named for his wife Henrietta  Cavendish - Holles , grand-daughter of the Duke of Newcastle [descendant of Sir William Cavendish who married Bess of Hardwick in 1547 and had built Chatsworth House in the Peak district] .The house at the corner of Harley street was built by The Duke of Chandos , the centre of the North side was acquired for a proposed Academy for the Dilettanti Society and two Palladian houses with Corinthian columns were built [1769-1772] . The Square had an artistic reputation , so par example – George Romney lived here – whom did his opponent , the great painter Joshua Reynolds , call him ‘ The man of Cavendish Square ’ .

Dr Winslow carried on living at Sussex House ~ Hammersmith until 1889 , with the use of the consulting rooms at 23 Cavendish Square where his widowed mother resided till her death in 1883 . Immediately his brother–in-law Arthur William A Beckett , a reputed lawyer who also resided at 23 Cavendish Square , claimed an equal share in the profits of the asylum which was refused by Forbes Winslow . This was the start of a long and expensive dispute before Chancery , finally lost by the Doctor and resulting in the sale of the asylums and it was ordered that the leasehold premises at 23 Cavendish Square should also be sold .

Dr Forbes Winslow' then collaegue Dr William James  Hunt of Hoxton House - Hackney London , owned a/o 2nd prize at Norwich show [‘74] , Bruce , bred by J. Waddell of Canonbridge [Hereford] in ’72 , out of Grand Duchess [ch. Turk x Lyme Hall Sultan’ Duchess] sired by ch. King’ son General Prim . The pedigrees of the two females depicted here below & owned by Dr WJ Hunt aren't given by the newspaper which published the print . Just for the record , the then KCSB mention two females   called 'Grace' , both born in 1871 , ie 1)  Grace , out of ch Turk' Nell sired by Lukey' Baron , breeder unknown and resp owned by Mr Williams & Rev Bulkeley Jones , 2) Grace bred by A Ashford of Ealing  out of Reverend Rowe’ ch Stella sired by ch Turk.

Dr W J Hunt was owner of the Hoxton House , 34 Hoxton Street , founded in 1695 ,  the largest asylum in Hoxton , once synonymous with lunacy as for nearly three hundred years it had achieved an unwanted notoriety from its private madhouses and nearly all of London's private lunatics were accommodated there . From 1792 the Admiralty had been sending those sailors and officers who had become lunatics in the Navy to Hoxton House . Increasing public awareness led to demands for enquiry and reform in the treatment of lunatics , a/o whom had served under Lord Horatio Nelson [1858-1805] .

The War of the First Coalition [1793-97] was the struggle which followed the French revolutionary wars, with the great dynastic powers of Europe trying to reverse the outcome of the revolution and restore the French monarchy ; the forces of the first Coalition were Austria , Prussia , Great Britain , Spain , Sardinia and the Netherlands . It was followed by Napoleonic Wars with a/o sea battles of Cape St Vincent , of the Nile , of Santa Cruz de Tenerife , of Copenhagen , and finally of Cape Trafalgar , Spain where Lord Nelson died . Ten years later Napoleon was finally defeated at Waterloo and that same year reports were presented to a Select Committee of the House of Commons that revealed the abominable conditions in the asylum and exposed to the public the harsh treatment of the seamen . In 1819 Hoxton House held 348 patients a/o criminal lunatics , nevertheless it wasn’t anymore a naval lunatic asylum .

At the time of Dr WJ Hunt , Hoxton House included a gentleman' residence where the owner lived, apparently separate from the asylum , workrooms , wards , dormitories , attendants dwellings , 3 cottages , dining room , theatre, landing , lodge , and an area of upwards of two acres . The asylum departments were for private fee-paying men and women , for male and female pauper lunatics , especially from the City of London .

So Dr WJ Hunt was a contemporary collaegue of psychiatrist Dr Forbes Winslow, champion Crown Prince’ owner , and manager of the Sussex [only for men] and Brandenburgh [only for women] asylums ; their patients in the most part belonged to the middle and upper classes, and the payments were generally liberal; in 1875 there were 39 male and 20 female patients of whom 17 were found lunatic by inquisition . Dr Theodore S. Gurmastone Boisragon , born Cheltenham 1810 ,  Physician Surgeon , M D , 45 Denbigh Street , London , was also involved in those Sussex & Brandenburgh asylums , standing on very valuable freehold building land .

In some way Dr W J Hunt was also linked to the ‘Jack the Ripper’ case [vide Dr Winslow’ article] as one of the Hoxton House patients , Oswald Puckeridge , b 1838 ,  was released on 4th August 1888 . He was discharged as 'relieved' but not cured and believed by Sir Charles Warren as to have been trained as a surgeon but he was in fact a chemist . Puckeridge was mentally ill and had threatened to 'rip people up with a long knife' .