Photograph published dd 4th April ’24   - The only  KCSB recorded Mastiffs  born in Feb '24 were Westcroft siblings b 21 Feb ’24 and bred by Mrs Constance M Kennett - ch King Baldur' dau ch Westcroft Cleopatra ex ch Cleveland Premier’ sire Adamas - containing ch Westcroft Blaise, Mrs Muriel C Houlder’ ch Bulger, and Mrs Norah Dickin’ Kim Thundercloud Thunderer, dam of Mrs Dickin’ prominent prize-winner Thor. Below at right - Son of Thunder  bred by Mr George Cook - Adamite' dau Vilna ex Count Willington' son Adamas -.

A large 19th century metal and leather dog collar with inscription ’Lena’ C. Morton Challender, Close Moar, I O Man - see centre insert - sold for £160. Mr Charles Morton Challender ’53, a Freemason of Close Moar Glen Darragh Road Marown nr Glen Vine - Isle of Man, bred in ‘84 a litter out of ch Beau’ grand-dau Lena sired by Surajah owned by Mr Edwin Davies Tyrer, pawnbroker of Sheffield. Surajah – ch Rajah’ dau Judy ex ch Colonel’ paternal cousin Mr Naylor’ Ben – was reportedly – ‘a well made imposing-looking dog, having a good body but in muzzle rather narrow and too short.’ - Lena’ litter contained Chinalette exported to Mr Joseph L Hope of Coopersburg Pa, and Mr T Edwards’ Beda which, mated to ch Montgomery, produced Danaides - 2nd Puppy class at Crystal Palace Jan ’85 - owned by Mr William Rollinson, of Ash Cottage 20 Seaforth Road Seaforth nr Liverpool. Mr Rollinson also owned Reine b ’84 and bred by Rev Thomas Charles Hose of Roydon Epping Forest Essex – the Wynnes Czar’ dau Neva ex Taurus II –.


Lena' owner Mr Charles Morton Challender moved in ’87 to the Isle’ capital Douglas and joined the Board of the Derby Castle Co Ltd, which ran the Derby Castle housing complex situated at the North end of Douglas Bay – see at left – incl a Palace Ballroom. At its peak, the company owned and managed the Gaiety Theatre, the Onchan, Strand, Regal, Royalty and Picture House Cinemas, and White City as well. – Later on, Mr C M Challender moved to Manchester, and finally to St Michaels Road Wallington Surrey where he died in ’40.   - At right – One of Sir Conan Doyle' personages, ie Sir Henry Baskerville aka Black Barnaby with some lookalike-ish Farnaby ‘Old English' Mastiff visiting the 2013 Annual Fair at Laxey – seven miles N of Douglas - Isle of Man.

A New York story dd 1894 - ‘Cortlandt Street was home to numerous factories and loft buildings. And lots of stray cats. For one sassy little Bull Terrier who resided in the lower end of Cortlandt Street, these street cats were prime targets for his daily bullying. In fact, the bully Bull Terrier had a reputation for shaking the life half out of the neighborhood cats.


As the Stylistics sang in the 1970s, payback is a dog. A very large Mastiff, that is. There was a candy factory in the upper floors of the five-story loft building at 69 Cortlandt Street. The factory was guarded by a 185-pound Mastiff who, when standing upright on his hind legs, was 6 feet 6 inches tall. According to a reporter for the New York Sun, this Mastiff was a sober and serious dog who had a reputation for minding his own business.


He would sometimes see the Bull Terrier on his daily walks, but he usually ignored the smaller dog’ antics. Then one day he decided to put an end to the cat bullying. On this fateful morning, the Mastiff was coming down the stairs with the boy who walked him every day when he saw the Bull Terrier being lead on a chain across the street.

He bounded down the steps and caught the astonished, but pluckily silent Terrier by the neck, and began switching him about, chain and all, until the passengers coming up from the ferry could not tell whether it was a dog or a white rag that was being worried.


The Mastiff just stood still, with his head high in air, and had fun with the 35-pound tormentor of cats. The man walking the Terrier grabbed a stick from a truck and started beating the Mastiff off while a truck driver pulled at the larger dog’ tail. Then someone threw a bucket of ice water on the big dog, which made him gasp, and the little dog dropped from his mouth and scooted away. The Mastiff swaggered off on his morning stroll with the air of saying, ‘Of course I could have bitten that little beast’s head off if I’d wanted to, but I only wanted to show him how it felt to be shook.’


As the reporter noted, that day the cats of Cortlandt Street enjoyed the privilege of the street…undisturbed. Unknown what happened to the Bull Terrier after this incident, but possibly the cats only got a one-day respite.’ – The story reminds at Dr John Brown' master piece 'Rab and his Friends' dd 1859, in which a Bull Terrier called Chicken bullies the dogs of the neighbourhood until he met his death in an encounter with Rab, the brindled Mastiff of a carrier called James Noble.

At left - photograph dd March ’63. Taking into account Rex being 10 months old, then he must have been born May '62, in which month two litters were KC registered, both sired by ch Mansatta Vilna' grandson Havengore Adam - see at right -, one out of Bardayle breeders Mr/Mrs Anderson’ B- Solitaire by Wythybush Crispin, the other one out of Beaucaris breeder Mrs J Lewis-Taylor’ Havengore Mischief resulting in Beaucaris Marcus which sired Am ch Kisumu Goliath. In both cases Rex traces back to the Havengore kennels of Mr/Mrs Scheerboom, proprietors of laundries in the area of Southend-on-Sea Essex.

The Bardayle breeders Mr/Mrs Anderson, of Leigh-on-sea nr Southend-on-Sea, were famous for having bred ch Havengore Balint, and Bardayle Bunty – Kisumu foundation brood which produced ch Kisumu Fatima by ch H- Hotspot. Beaucaris breeder Mrs J Lewis-Taylor, of Crux Easton nr Newbury Hants, bred Springer Spaniels & Cavalier King Charles Spaniels as well.

Havengore Adam b Feb '56 and bred by Bardayle breeders Mr/Mrs Alexander A & Maisie Anderson of Ardayle - Hill Road South Benfleet Essex - ch Milf Manetta' & Copenore Jason' grand-aunt Benfleet Janus ex ch Hotspot Havengore' grandsire ch Salyng Aethelwulf - grandsired the Hollesley - & Blackroc foundation broods ch Havengore Dawn & Havengore Gipsy. Mrs Maisie Anderson  ’09-86 last judging appointment was in the pouring rain at the OEMC Ch Show Lyme Hall ’84 awarding the cc’s to MM’ son Falmorehall Scirocco and ch Bredwardine Ideal. - Below dd Oct '57 - Havengore Adam' litter brother Camelot Kala, owned by Mrs G Farrow of Mablethorpe Lincolns, which got a res cc at Birmingham '57 under Mrs Harry France née Greenwood, 3rd Open at the LKA '57 under Mr Fred Bowles and  at WELKS '58 under Mr Bill Siggers.

Below at left - Photograph dd Dec ’23 of the ‘working’ Mastiff, in times Mastiffs were scarce. His ‘employer’ Mr James Childs Gould ’82-44 was a Conservative Party politician who served as Member of Parliament for Cardiff Central from ‘18-24. He established ‘Gould Steamships and Industrials Ltd’, a massive shipping and shipbuilding conglomerate. ‘19 Blair and Co was taken over by Gould Steamships and Industrials. ‘20 The Gould Steamships and Industrials Company was created by the merger of Griffiths Lewis Steam Navigation Co Ltd and Dulcia Steam Shipping Co Ltd. ‘24 Company reported a loss due to the 30-week shut down at Blair and Co and at Richardson, Duck and Co. ‘25 Receivers were appointed to the company and its subsidiaries. '26 Company wound-up.

At right - Photograph dd Oct ’28 at the Drill Hall Neath nr Swansea Wales - No 2 The Mastiff Peg of My Heart was owned by Mr N Price, arguably Mrs Nan Price, the wife of Rev David Thomas Price, of The Vicarage Carmarthen - ca 30 miles from Neath. - Wiki quote - ‘Peg o' My Heart' was a successful broadway play performed in ’12. The main character of the time was the inspiration for a popular song written by Alfred Bryan (words) and Fred Fisher (music). The song was first performed publicly by Mr Irving Kaufman in ‘12 at The College Inn in NYC.' -

Above at left dd Dec ’58. Centre dd June ’62 - Mr John Lukey, of Shakespeare Hotel - see at right - 10 Bench Street Dover, was born ’09 at the North Cornish coast village Morwenstow– ca 20 miles from Mr T H V Lukey’ birth place Bideford Cornwall. Both moved from the West to the East of England and both fancied the Mastiff breed. So hotel proprietor Mr John Lukey, owner of Wallace bred by Mr T H V Lukey, was possibly’ younger brother. 

At Islington’ Agricultural Hall ’62 1st prize was awarded to Mr Hanbury’ ch Duchess. Here at left – Another Wallace, an apricot brindle with white chest and toes, b ’55 bred by by Mr T H V Lukey -   Bounty  ex her blue or slate coloured sire Bruce II -, the latter great-grandson of the Marquis of Hertford’ blackish Pluto -.

This Wallace was owned by solicitor Mr George Henry Weller '19-86 of 21 Ashbourne Road St Werburghs Derby, Registrar of the Derbyshire County Courts. Perhaps there are people who look down on Mastiff illustrations such as this one depicting Wallace, however they deserve to be treasured as thè bricks whereupon the breed was built during generations to come. This Wallace grandsired ch Queen - see at right -, a then superb brindle bred/owned by Mr Hanbury, and dam of ch Wolsey and his brother Prince – the latter ch Beau’ sire.

A sequence of a British Pathé documentary dd ‘31 called - ‘A few of the many fine specimens exhibited at this ever popular venue‘ , namely at Clonmel Eire - Southern Ireland. Probably a shot of Castlegrange Adam or Alexander [ch Cedric’ sons King Agrippa x ch Cedric’ daughter Castlegrange An]. Another British Pathé film dd ‘26 called - ‘Irelands Premier Dog Show‘ - the Kennel Club' Fifth Annual Show creates new record with 1,883 entries – shows the same young Mastiff male, probably of Castle Grange and related to ancestry of ch Havengore Bill or ch Woden, the latter bred by Miss Bell who bred also a litter from Alexander’ granddam Menai Victoria, a/o champions Helga & Ursula and Hellingly Lady Here. Centre – Our dogs dd ’31 – photograph, incl Castlegrange breeder Mrs Rosina Parker-Keene, and - at right - a cartoon by Rob.

At left – Havengore Adam as a youngster. Adam (15 litters), Weyacres Lincoln (17), and Copenore Jason (23), were the most prolific studs of the 1950s. Centre – Adam’ grand-daughter Hollesley foundation brood ch Havengore Dawn. At right - Dawn' daughter ch Hollesley Macushla by Copenore Jason. -

Below at left & centre dd ’86 - Jilgrajon breeder Mrs Jill Hicks visiting the Hollesley couple Mr/ Mrs Mark & Pamela Dulcie Day née Clark '17-96. The pics are taken at the backside of the Days’ Pyleigh manor, the pups were from the penultimate Hollesley litter - ie out of ch Hollesley Devil Dancer' dau Hollesley Mermaid sired by the Hicks family’ Grangemoor Archie Gander. The right one behind the gate arguably dam of the litter , ie the apricot H- Mermaid. - Since 2000 their daughter Joy Hilary aka 'Tigger' and her husband Mr Robert C Pudd were successful in breeding (under Pyleigh prefix), training & competing thoroughbred racehorses.

Adam, mated to Mrs Peggy M A Braybrooke’ Zimapan Krashina, produced Saxondale Boadicea, the latter grand-dam of ch Copenore Friar. Adam, mated to Wythybush Izod, gave Weatherhill Guide (2 cc's) owned by Copenore breeders Mr/Mrs Cyril & Maisie Lindley, and Weatherhill Nero (1 cc) owned by Mrs Elizabeth Rae Simpson Humphries of Woodacres - 53 Park Road East Wolverhampton.

Adam, mated to his daughter Havengore Caroline, resulted in Havengore Matey which sired Frideswide Susan, the latter purchased by American Rumblin Eko breeder Mr C H Fritzgerald. Susan, mated to Weyacres Lincoln' grand-nephew Bowats Roar 'N Rumble, produced Am ch Rumblin Eko’ His Majesty Thor – MCOA Specialty winner 71/72/73. The story goes that after his triple win he no longer had a family until April’75 when he was found in a shelter - weighing only 80 lb - by the Geil family who brought him back to health. Weighing 190 lb, he finished his show career winning the Veterans at the MCOA Specialty ’76. - At right - Thor aged 7.

From the OEMC Newsletter dd Feb 1980 – The statue Gelert sculpted by Susan Lamb – w/out any reference known -, and cast by Montague Ede Mascots & Trophies Limited of Isle of Man. The name Gelert refers to ch Pynes Farm Gelert b '68 – Weatherhill Bellringer’ dau Copenore Ensign ex ch Havengore Hotspot’ son Havengore Balint owned by Dr Sheila Monostori -, owned by Mr/Mrs Edwards of Pencastell nearby the Wales’ West coast, off Moylegrove.

Gelert was bred by third generation of Jersey cattle breeders Mr Thomas Heaton Bradley b ‘30 of Windmill House Farm – see at right - Haywood lane Hatton nr Warwick, who then owned the famous ‘Pynes’ Herd of two-hundred Jersey cows and was familiar with Mr Mark Oliver King Day b ’15-98, another Jersey cattle breeder of large-scaled fame, and husband of Hollesley Mastiff breeder Mrs Pamela Day - Pyleigh Manor Lydeard St Lawrence Somerset.

Quote dd ’60 – ‘Mr Day was speaking at a field day held at the farm of Mr T H Bradley at Hatton Warwickshire, where the Pynes Herd was inspected.’ – In next years Mr Mark O K Day won national milk records, a/o dd ‘62 - ‘Their 35 Jerseys had an average butter fat production of 538.171b' -. In ’91 Mr Mark Day became Director of The Jersey Cattle Society of the United Kingdom est 1878;   in ‘10 Mr T H Bradley became Director of the same Society.

Gelert got cc’s at Birmingham ’70 under Miss B Blackstone, and in ’71 at Paignton under Mrs P Greenwell, at East of England under Parcwood breeder Mrs Mary Hector, and at the LKA under Mrs P Day.

He sired five litters resulting in a/o Am ch Dawnwind Romulus – great-grandsire of ch Deer Run Ivan -, Cemaes Prince – grandsire of Mr Graham Hicks’ ch Cemaes King Edward -, Rhosnessey Nimrod – grandsire of ch Eddington Saraband bred by Lady Fermoy -. Gelert’ sis ch Meps Portia – see at left - was the dam of ch Meps Nydia and Mrs Belva Funk’ Am ch Meps Tristan – see at right - as well.

The name Gelert refers to a legendary dog associated with the village of Beddgelert, whose name means Gelert' Grave, in Gwynedd NW Wales. 

In the legend, Llywelyn the Great returns from hunting to find his baby missing, the cradle overturned, and Gelert with a blood-smeared mouth. Believing the dog had savaged the child, Llywelyn draws his sword and kills Gelert. After the dog' dying yelp Llywelyn hears the cries of the baby, unharmed under the cradle, along with a dead wolf which had attacked the child and been killed by Gelert. Llywelyn is overcome with remorse and buries the dog with great ceremony, but can still hear its dying yelp. After that day Llywelyn never smiles again.

The six heads were first published in the American Kennel Register Nov ’85 and drawn by John Whitehead Wamton Esq ’15-95, historical and portrait painter of Wickham House Campden Hill London and Westminster Club 21b Savile-row Burlington-gardens. Eighteen of his works were hung in the Royal Academy between ’34-65. Elaine, the one below left has also been drawn by Mr Richard Hewitt Moore – see at right -.

Ch Elaine b ’83 bred by Dr J S Turner – ch Rajah’ dau Lady Rowena ex ch Crown Prince -, was owned by Mr Joseph Evans of Claremont Swanley Kent. Elaine   got in ’84 first prize Puppy class at Warwick, 1st at Maidstone, 1st & Cup at Crystal Palace July, 2nd at Dorchester, 2nd at Darlington, and 1st at Cardiff; in ’85 2nd champion class Crystal Palace. Dr Turner reported about ch Elaine – ‘ has a grand flat skull, splendid muzzle, is very good under the eyes, which are dark hazel colour, good mask, and well-carried ears, capital legs, feet and tail, in body she, although of good weight and substance, is decidedly short, and wanting in height. She is only 14 Months old, and may grow a little but will never be a big one.’- Another report said – ‘she is somewhat similar to her brother ch Orlando.’ – Elaine never produced any progeny. - Below - the article by Mr C H Mason referred to.

No one has written on the subject in such a sassy style as Mr Charles Houseman Mason. Quite colourful the way he painted his encounters with fellow fanciers, particularly their characters. His muffled irony about ‘visions of very strange things’ certainly refers to the ‘Prince of cranks’, Mr Harry de Spencer of Colyton, who used to wear at days out an eccentric uniform incl a large hat referring to his dignified profession as Sun Fire Insurance agent. – Quite interestingly is Mr Mason' doubt about the illustration depicting Duchess – upper left corner of the six heads –, whether it was Duchess bred/owned by Mr Hanbury or Duchess bred/owned by Mr Edwin Nichols’ Duchess, in both cases related to Mr Ansdell’ Leo, resp as grand-dau and daughter.

At left - Article written by OEMC Newsletter Editor Miss Barbara Blackstone. The first Tunbridge Wells Dog Show was held in large marquees at the Calverley Park Gardens in Kentish spa town Tunbridge Wells on Thursday and Friday 21st and 22nd August 1884. There were 50 classes of Sporting and Non-Sporting dogs - open to all England, and 6 local classes - for residents within a 10 mile radius of Tunbridge Wells. The catalogue showed an entry of over 500 dogs. The main breeds represented were Mastiffs, St Bernards, Great Danes or Boarhounds, Collies and Sheepdogs, Greyhounds, Pointers, Beagles, Fox Terriers, Spaniels, Setters, Hunt Terriers, Rough Terriers, Black and Tan Terriers, Bulldogs and Pugs. In addition to the breed classes there were also some fun classes.

There were promenade concerts and the gardens were decorated with floral displays and arches together with 2500 Chinese lanterns and ornamental lights - all gas of course, as well as balloons and magnesium and coloured lights all donated and supported by local tradesmen. This enabled the displays to be kept open in the evening. There was a grand firework display in the evening on Thursday and the Tunbridge Wells Military Band & Ceylon Band attended on the Friday. Rosettes, medals and cups were presented in various classes by tradesmen and societies in the Kent area and also the Society’ president, the Marquess of Abergavenny . - Source - the Kent and Sussex Courier. At the Tunbridge Wells Dog Society’ Centenary Show dd 1984 the breed was represented by a/o Mrs Marion Ede and her MM' dau ch Bellabees Cader Idris. To-day, it’s one of the UK' oldest canine societies.


In those days, two Mastiff breeders lived in the vicinity of Tunbridge Wells Kent, 1) Mrs Elizabeth Cunliffe-Lee b ’32, of Penshurst, who bred a/o paternal grandsire of Mr Edwin Nichols' Victor Hugo, namely Bosco II b '80 - Big Ben' grandau Sybil ex ch The Emperor -, and 2) Rev Frederick Harrison Hichens '36, vicar of Speldhurst, who bred two litters  out of Big Ben’ Mab resp sired by the Wynnes' Young King, and by ch The Shah  resulting in Mrs Geo Willins’ Gurth b '78, Mr Woolmore’ Deva, and Max owned by Lord Hinton.

Neither Mrs Cunliffe-Lee’ nor Rev Hichens’ dogs are mentioned in the Mastiff classes at Tenbury Wells ’84 judged by Rev Wm J Mellor of Rodmersham - Kent - champion prize Dr Winslow' ch Maximilian by ch The Emperor - 1st Mr W K Taunton’ Commodore by ch Cardinal, 2nd Dr Winslow' Prussian Prince by ch Crown Prince 3rd Mr Edwin Nichols' Goth by ch Beau – Bitches 1st Dr Turner' The Lady Clare by CP, 2nd Mr Nichols’ Princess Ida by Goth, 3rd Mr Joseph Evans' Vivian, sis of The Lady Clare. Below at left – photograph dd ca 1880 by ‘Lock & Whitfield 178 Regent Street London & 109 King’ Road Brighton – offered by a seller of Sidcup Kent - depicting a well-to-do lady with ‘her pride & joy Mastiff’, perhaps Mrs Elizabeth Cunliffe-Lee of Penshurst ca 20 miles from Sidcup? In any case, the lady resembles surprisingly much to Elizabeth’ sis Mrs Harriet Esdaile née Cunliffe-Lee pictured - Below centre right –. Below at right – Arguably Rev Wm J Mellor with his foundation brood Big Ben’ dau Duchess, a Mastiff bearing likeness to the one in the left photo. He once owned the then formidable show Mastiff ch Turk.

All Tenbury Wells’ prize winners were owned by members of the freshly established OEMC as also Rev Wm James Mellor '34-99, belonging to the top notch of dog judges, and one of the founding KC members closely befriended with KC founder Mr S E Shirley ’44-04 himself. Afterwards, Rev Mellor purchased his Tenbury Wells’ champion prize winner ch Maximilian, reportedly – ‘a great big young dog, with good limbs, colour, &c' -. bred nine Mastiff litters between ’74-’82, a/o one champion, Creole out of Big Ben’ Duchess sired by ch Wolsey’ brother Prince; Creole was later on exported to the US. He also purchased dd '80 the chocolate masked Crown Prince as a pup from his breeder Mr H G Woolmore but transferred him soon to Dr Winslow. Rev Mellor, the doyen of the OEMC founding members, might have been the main force in ensuring its proper preparation in the early years of the 1880s when the Mastiff Breeding Club, led by Messrs Wynne & Hanbury, took its last breath.

Ch Hellingly Joy b ’29 – ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ dau Westcroft Flavia ex ch H- Joseph -, ch Hellingly Josephine b ’28 - ch King Baldur’ dau ch Wantley Joy ex H- Joseph - , and the foundation stud ch Hellingly Joseph b ’25 bred by Mr Henry Young of Berwick-on-Tweed – ch Cleveland Premier’ sis Tweedview Belle ex ch King Baldur’ son Wantley King Baldur -.


In the early thirties Mrs Jessie Oliver née Paton and her husband Mr Edmund Oliver moved from Surrey to Yorkshire, particularly Bedale Hall - see at left dd '45 -, a grade I listed building outside the boundary of Bedale town. From ’30 until ’36 the show successes of their Mastiffs were second to none, after which their prominence waned gradually. Their last cc was won by ch Hellingly Ajax’ dau Hellingly Duchess at Crystal Palace Oct ’38.

Their ch Hellingly Patricia b ’30 was the result of inbreeding - sire/daughter - to longer faced Joseph, and nearly the whole Hellingly breeding of almost twenty litters traced back to Joseph. Her husband Mr E G Oliver tried to revise the standard, arguably in order to suit the Hellingly stock, generally characterized by elongated heads and overall lighter build. In short, taking distance from the standard of the day. The Mastiff breed has always been a myriad of different types for many reasons, ie personal preferences, kennel blindness, outcrosses, play of nature, &c.

This, let's say, inconsistency has always been a stumbling block for many within the fancy, those aiming at some clone-like humdrum breed. Present-day there are canine related organisations - but individuals as well - promoting biodiversity meantime considering the phenomenon of more or less outspoken intra-breed differences as an opportunity to improve health, regarding phenotypical conformation as well as internal genotypical aspects. From that point of view one might embrace the variation - excepting the horrible caricaturizing features - within our breed as a welcome benefit.

At left dd April ’63 – O/a about the winners at Agricultural Hall Islington ’62 – 1st Mr Hanbury’ Duchess, 2nd a dog bred by Mr T H V Lukey & 3rd Mr Lukey’ ch Countess. –

Dd May ’63 – Reply by Mr Lukey correcting the placings, ie 1st Mr Hanbury’ Duchess, 2nd Mr Lukey’ ch Countess – see above -, and 3rd Governor.

Pen name 'Mastinus' described Governor as – ‘An enormous dog bred by Mr Lukey weighing about 150 lb, and as dissimilar from Mr Hanbury’ ch Duchess as any dog could be. He was a well made, well-loined and powerful animal, but his head is too small and out of proportion to the rest of his body; he showed no breeding, and his tail was the longest and clumsiest ever affixed to any animal.’ -.

Quite funnily, Mr Thomas Henry Veale Lukey stated in his reply – ‘I intend sending the dog (with his tail all on) to the Agricultural Hall on the 25th May.’ –

At right - The drawing by Mr Harrison Weir  shows Mr Lukey’ ch Countess carrying a similarly long tail.

The dog described by Stonehenge in his book ‘The Dog’ standing 33in at the shoulder and weighing 175 lb was Mr Lukey’ Wallace I which died in ’40, therefore arguably a son - or grandson - of the Marquis of Hertford’ Pluto.

At left– Report dd ’68 about the Birmingham Dog Show. - At right – Article about Cuban Mastiffs  at the Birmingham Dog Show dd ’70. Their owner Mr Paul Vargues b ’39 was proprietor of the Hotel de Paris, d' Albion at Paris, and Hotel de l'Europe – second row at left - No 9 Leicester-square London. A breed, reportedly, - ‘well known for immense size and gentle disposition; one of them is of magnificent proportions, and still bears honourable scars obtained in a fight with a bear, which he killed.’ –

At left – Article dd June ’65 about the Great International Dog Show at Islington. - Mastiffs - 1st prize Mr Hanbury’ ch Duchess – Ansdell Leo’ dau Empress ex Bill George’ Tiger -, 2nd prize her son Mr Hanbury’ Prince by Lukey’ Governor –. - At right - Three prize-winners at the show mentioned, ie the Toy Dogs No 8 - Mr Mike Lee’ Topsy & Mr Colman’ Toy Dog Boy No 7, and Foreign dog Hector No 9 – St Bernard bitch ex Cuban Mastiff –, the latter owned by Mr Stephen Taprell Holland who got at Crystal Palace ’71 a 1st prize Foreign Class with his Russian Deerhound as well. Not to exclude such large watchdogs, as p ex Mr Vargues' Cuban Mastiffs, Mr Holland’ Hector &/or Mr John Carter' Rover, were used in registered Mastiff breeding on the sly.

Mr Stephen Taprell Holland b '43-22, of Great Russell street Bloomsbury London, was a grandson of Mr William Holland who, together with Mr Stephen Taprell, established dd ’03 one of the greatest furnishing firms of the Victorian period. Mr Wm Holland died in '53 when the ‘William Holland & Sons’ company employed 350 men and the following year it acquired the prestigious firm of Mr Thomas Dowbiggin who had made the throne for Victoria’ coronation. Holland & Sons were cabinet makers and upholsterers to the Queen supplying furniture for Osborne House, Windsor castle, Balmoral & Marlborough House. Other major commissions for the firm came from the British museum, the Athenaeum Club and the Royal Academy. They were also a major contractor on the new Houses of Parliament. Oddly they also did funeral work, their biggest commission in this line being the funeral of the Duke of Wellington. The firm continued in existence until 1942. -

Dd Nov ’80 an advert – ‘A fawn coloured Cuba Mastiff, answers to the name ‘Urk, strayed on Wednesday. Any person bringing him back to Mrs Colley, Park Spring House, East Bank Sheffield, will be rewarded.’ -

At left – Article dd 6 Dec ’30. Lt-Col Z Walker was the only judge who did not awarded 1st prize to ch Peter Piper, namely at Birmingham Dec '94 he placed him 2nd and gave 1st prize Mr Wm Adams' Lord Overton which, despite being shown regularly under different judges, did not won any other 1st prize.

At right - OEMC President Lt-Col Zaccheus Walker, Sir Kenneth' dau ch Britain’ Queen b '08 & Moston Black' grandson ch Lord of The Manor b Aug '07. He bred seventeen KCSB reg litters between ’88 and '16 sired by ch Victor Hugo, ch Victor Hugo' grandson Dauntless, ch Hotspur’ son Mr W K Taunton' ch Constable, Melnotte’ son Mr A W Lucas' Invicta, the latter' son Wrangler, ch Peter Piper’ grandson Sir Kenneth, ch Hollands Black Boy' son Mr Luke Crabtee' Moston Black, the latter' son With The Times, the latter' sons Lord of The British Isles & ch Lord of The Manor, and the latter' son Grand Duke.

His broods were ch Victor Hugo’ dau Desdemona, Baron Hatton unr’ dau Coronation, her daughter Royal Princess, Invicta’ dau Waiting Maid, ch Marcella' maternal nieces Duchess Superba & Lady Superba, Wrangler’ dau Dowager Duchess, Sir Kenneth’ daughters Village Pride and Village Dame. It seems as if Lt-Col Walker mainly bred for own purpose and, Stentor’ brother Socrates aside, didn’ part with own-bred stock whereas Cinderella b ‘89 - Stentor' sis Desdemona ex ch Constable - was owned by his elder brother Mr Joseph R Walker jun, barrister living at Fox Hollies Hall as well.


Ch Victor Hugo b ‘84 bred by Mr Edwin Nichols of Kensington - Druid III' dau Boomah ex Bosco II' son Victor IV - was described as - 'A large yellow dog, too much of the boarhound, too long in the head, nevertheless a grand specimen having great size and symmetry combined, splendid mover, a grand stride when walking, should do better with more spring of rib, good legs, toes more arched (splayed feet), very bad pastern joints.’

Exeter breeder Mr James Hutchings once remarked about Captain J L Piddocke’ Lord Cobrey - ‘has good depth of muzzle but lacks width; his face indeed reminds one of Victor Hugo.' - Ch Victor Hugo grandsired Mr Wm Adams' Lord Overton and Tom Bowling, the latter ch Peter Piper' sire.

At left – Mr Isaac Wm Everett ’69-50, living in Ireland he established his Felixstowe kennels in ’93. In the early XX c he moved to 47 Hamilton Road Felixstowe being a cab proprietor – hiring out horse drawn vehicles -. Around ’17 he settled at Witnesham - ca 15 miles NW of Felixstowe, having nearly fifty of these big hounds in  first-class arranged kennels.

Mr Isaac Wm Everett was the grandson of Mr Isaac Everett b ‘09, of Churchford Hall Capel St Mary nr Felixstowe, farmer of 280 acres & corn miller employing 35 men & boys. Mr Isaac Wm Everett' father Isaac ’45-03 was dd '91 ‘Ironmonger and Jobmaster', dd ’01 'living on own means’ at the Branthams Leopold road Felixstowe. The Felixstowe Street Directory 1909 mentions a/o – 'Mr Isaac William Everett, Saddler and Harness Maker of 49 Hamilton Road, and Jobmaster of Victoria Mews Victoria street and Pembroke stables Cobbold road; Mr Isaac Wm’ younger brother Mr Ernest Girling Everett, of Winchmore Leopold road, Coal - Corn and Forage Merchant, of 47 Hamilton road and High street.' -

Scottish born Captain George Augustus Graham '33-09 aside, he headed the list of early breeders for he is credited by many as having carried the breed through World War I, and his Felixstowe Hounds were famous all over the world.

At right – Mr Croxton Smith was one of those who fancied the Olivers as - dixit - ‘they set themselves to bred a more rational type', opposite to the 'alien appearance' of short-headed and heavy wrinkled Mastiffs in then fashion. Arguably referring to Miss I Bell' ch Uther Penarvon and his get. The pictured ch Broomcourt Comedienne b '31 bred by Cleveland breeder Mr Herbert Cook of Middlesbrough - ch Hellingly Ajax' sis H- Arethrusa ex Miss Bells ch Woden' son Cleveland Comedian -, produced the brindle ch Broomcourt Marcon and was grand-dam of double Crufts cc winner ch Broomcourt Romeo.

Reports about Bristol '93 & '95. Ch Montgomery’ son Kaiser Frederick b ’87, Ilford Cader Idris b '91 - Orlando II' dau Weleda ex ch Jack Thyr -, ch Beaufort’ son Exeter Boanerges. Mr Adams Lord Overton’ sis Seend Beauty – ch Victor Hugo’ dau ch Jubilee Beauty ex ch Beaufort’ son ch Lord Stafford - was owned by Miss Christine A Hamilton b ’62, living in the 1890s with her widowed mother Mary née Walters at Manor house High Street Seend nr Melksham - Wiltshire. She purchased ch Coombe Baroness’ brother Coombe Baron from Mr Mark Beaufoy, and sold Seend Beauty to Mr Wm N Higgs.  

Dog Shows & Doggy People by Mr Charles Henry Lane contains a three-page chapter about Miss Christiane A D Hamilton -  kennel prefix ‘Rozelle'. He writes a/o – ‘This young lady has been so long known as a successful exhibitor at dog shows  - besides others – all over the kingdom.’ Her greatest triumphs have been with Pomeranians, but she has also done well with St Bernards, Greyhounds, & Pugs. Miss Hamilton does not confine her fancies to dogs, as she takes great delight in horses, making her appearance in the hunting field and takes much interest in her cattle, pigs, poultry & cats.' -

Miss Christiane A D Hamilton was the daughter of Captain Alexander & Mrs Mary M Hamilton, of Bannerdown House Batheaston Bath, and Rozelle House, an Adam styled Manor nr Ayr built for Robert Hamilton in 1754 and named after La Rochelle, the family estate in Jamaica.’ –

The Hamiltons were an Ayrshire family with slavery connections. Robert Hamilton owned three Jamaican estates: Pemberton Valley, Rozelle, and Carcluie. In Ayrshire the family had also property at Bourtreehill and Sundrum. The Hamilton of Rozelle papers, held at Ayrshire Archives, contain a number of references to the slave trade, and daily life on the family' Jamaican plantations. From the mid-1700s until the abolition of slavery in Jamaica in the 1830s, Jamaica accounted for 42 percent of sugar imported into Britain.

Above at left - Advert dd Aug ’69. At right - postcard of Castle Street Liverpool showing Mr C R Martorell’ restaurant at the right side, particularly – blue arrow - No 15. Below at left - Miss Aglionby’ fawn ch Empress b ’67 bred by Mr Charles Ramon Martorell - out of Duchess ex Martorell’ Lyme Hall Sultan. Mr Martorell’ Duchess – his Countess *** ex Mr Nichols’ Quaker -. Miss Aglionbys ch Empress’ granddam Mr Martorell’ Countess – Mr Ansdell Leo’ dau Juno ex Mr Bill George’ Tiger - was closely related to Mr Hanbury ch Duchess – Ansdell Leo’ dau Empress ex Mr Bill George’ Tiger -. Miss Aglionby’ ch Empress got 1st at Crystal Palace ’70  & , 1st at Nottingham’72 , 2nd Manchester Belle Vue’69 & ’72, champion class at Crystal Palace ’73. Her sis Marguerite became Octavius Green’ ch Monarch’ maternal grand-dam.

Ch Felix, as a youngster and adult, b ’04 was bred by Cleveland breeder Mr George Cook - Marton Kitty unr ex Tom Bowling' grandson Nuneaton Lion -. Mr G Cook mated ch Felix' brother Marton Dick to Adam' dau Shy Portia, which produced Tam O’ Shanter and Galazora b May '11 - see as puppies below at left -. Both were keepers until the age of  15 months when Mrs D Berry, of 22 Gresham House London E, purchased them at the considerable price of £105, compared to Mr Cook' average puppy prices of £5. Tam O' Shanter got a number of 2nd & 3rd prizes at championship shows but left w/out KCSB reg progeny; named after the narrative poem written by the famous Scottish poet Robert Burns in 1790. Tam O' Shanter' sis Galazora, mated to Brodrick Defender’ famous show winning brother ch Brompton Duke, produced ch The Scarlet Pimpernel - ch Ashenhurst Cedric' grandsire -, ch Young Mary Bull & Young John Bull, the latter two - parents of ch King Baldur -.

Ch Brompton Duke’ elder brother Brodrick Defender - centre aged 6y & at right aged 11 months -, bred by Mr G Cook and owned by entertainer Mr Fred Richardson of The Leeds Institute Cookridge street -, got at Edinburgh ’15 under Mr Fred Gresham the cc – res Mr Joice’ Heatherville Duke, 3rd Mr Archibald Brookes ch Lidgett Viscount – in bitches the cc went to Mrs D Berry’ Galazora. - The Leeds Institute on Cookridge Street dd ‘68 was designed by Mr Cuthbert Brodrick, architect of Leeds Town Hall. It was used for lectures and concerts by the Leeds Mechanics Institute and also housed a library, reading room & art gallery.

Dd ’92 - 'Great interest was manifested in the appearance of Mr Fred Richardson, refined humorist of the Leeds and Scarbro’ concerts, who was enthusiastically received in his several Irish songs with dance. The following programme was gone through Pianoforte solo, Mr C Nicholson’ song – ‘Her bright smile haunts me still.’ - The Stage London dd ’06 – ‘The whole is produced by Mr C St John Denton; the general manager for the pantomime is Mr Fred J  Richardson, and the stage manager is Mr Joseph Pome.’ –

Mr Fred Richardson’ Brodrick Defender sired Parkgate Duchess bred by Mr A Brookes, dam to Am ch Beowulf sired by ch Lady Lieve’ brother Wingfield Priam – ch Brompton Duchess’ dau Eve ex Berenice’ grandson Prince-Lie-A-Bed -.   

Mr Alfred Barber’ Grand Duchess bred by Mr Charles Ramon Martorell '31-83 – Lyme Hall Sultan' dau Duchess ex Turk -, was purchased by Mr James Waddell b ’48 Madeira md Miss Ellen Grace Dart, daughter of a London produce broker. They lived at Lark Hill lane West Derby Liverpool, ie farmer 52 acres, 3 labourers & 1 boy. Mr Waddell mated Grand Duchess to Mr Martorell’ General Prim by ch King, which produced Bruce b '72, 1st puppy class Crystal Palace ’72, 1st Manchester Belle Vue, and in ’73 3rd prizes at Manchester Free Trade Hall & Glasgow. In ’74, Bruce became purchased by Dr W J Hunt of Hoxton House Hoxton, and got a 2nd prize at Norwich. –


Mr Alfred Barber '98-86 , of ‘Alfred Barber and Co', merchants of Fairfield Liverpool, Buenos Ayres & Monte Video. Lived in the 1840s at Florida Ave Buenos Ayres, md in ’44 at Buenos Ayres. In '61 living at Aigburgh Hall Road Garston Liverpool – four servants; in '71 visitor Belsize Avenue, St John Hampstead; in ’81 Eastrop House Chequers Road Basingstoke, living on income of dividends.

At right - from top to bottom - Mr H de Spencer' foundation brood Alp - reputedly of Lyme strain -, Mr H de Spencer Kingdon' Barry, and the Wynnes' Peeress - Mr Kingdons Alp' grand-daughter Empress (bred by Mr Hodge) ex ch King -.

Article dd Dec ‘68 by Vindex, pen name of Mr Harry de Spencer Kingdon of Colyton Devon.  - At left -  Mr Field' ch King despised by Mr Kingdon for sake of being tainted with 'bull blood'. For all that, ch King became the main stud force of early pedigreed Mastiff breeding. He sired ch Turk, ch Argus, Mr Lukey' ch Beauty & Baron, ch Taurus, and the Wynnes' Peeress, and grandsired ch Hector & ch Briton, Mr Nichols' ch Juno, ch Punch, and ch Granby as well.

Quote – ‘As to whether there be any freemasonry between breeders and judges, as had been sometimes suggested, and referred to by ‘Vox’, I will not venture to give an opinion.’ -

Bye the bye, well-known freemasons were a/o The Kennel Club founder Mr S E Shirley – Grand Provincial Master of Leicester -, two OEMC Presidents, ie Dr J S Turner - Worshipful Master - & Lt-Col Zaccheus Walker – Right Worshipful Provincial Grand Master, and Captain J L Piddocke, member of the Ross Vitruvian Lodge of Freemasons.

Note - Mr Lukeys Governor' lookalike Rev C W Rowe' Leo was elder brother of Miss Hales ch Lion - Sir C Donaldsons Oscar’ dau Venus ex Mr Cautleys Quaker' grandson Mr Nichols' Quaker -, and of ch Turk' dam Hilda.

Upper article dd 15 Oct ‘70 - Mr Charles Ramon Martorell b ’31 was in ’61 confectioner & shop keeper at 31 Upper Seymour Street off Portman Square Marylebone – London. He married Amina b ‘33 at Liverpool, and the  Census ’71 lists him as ‘restaurant proprietor’ at 15 Castle-street – ca hundred yards away from Liverpool Town Hall. In ’61 he lived at Marylebone. Dd Feb ’80 Bankruptcy of Mr C R Martorell, club manager and contractor of Marylebone London. He died in ’83 at Pancras London. At right - Mr Kingdon' Barry which grandsired ch Rajah' brindle son Vulcan b '74 bred by Mr John Lampitt - at Crystal Palace '76 2nd other than fawn, and in '80 1st at Manchester, 2nd at Farnworth, 1st & cup at Alexandra Palace, & at Stratford upon Avon 1st but afterwards 'disqualified for insufficient description'.

Article below dd Jan ’74 – Mr Kingdon remark – ‘ he - Mr Martorell – knows my Lyme Hall Lord beat his very Bloodhound-looking Sultan at Manchester ’67 – a dog it was no credit to beat, he being so bloodhoundy that the judges did not even notice him.’ -, meantime ‘omitting’ his Lord was placed 2nd behind Mr Field’ ch King (1st prize Manchester '67).

Rounding up Mr Kingdon. A most colourful character whose main breed feature was in fathering the romantic story about a pure-bred Lyme strain tracing back in an unbroken chain to the Mastiff bitch which guarded Piers Legh lying wounded at the Battle of Agincourt dd 1415. Arguably meant as a marketing tool to promote his own strain based upon so-called pure-bred Lyme Mastiffs as, although dubbed ‘the prince of cranks', this Mr Kingdon was way too clever to believe his own story. After countless authors copying it, his story lives on more than hundred-fifty years till present-day. One only has to read Wikipedia about ‘the English Mastiff’ to find another uncut repetition of Mr Kingdon' confabulation, that w/out any form of reserve. -

See more under Miscellanea Ten - A/o '2015 was the 600th anniversary of Agincourt and Dr Philip Morgan placed the paper 'Did a dog fight at Agincourt?' on the official Agincourt blog. Reading between the lines, Dr Philip Morgan seems to question the authenticity of the saga- 'loyal quadruped defending his Master Sir Piers Legh at Agincourt (Azincourt) 1415' - by lack of clearly documented evidence thereto, even not any reference of Cheshire noblemen taking their dogs on warfare in France.' -

It is recorded that in 1604 Charles I’ father James I sent a  Lyme Mastiff to Philip III of Spain. The other one whom was assumed to have been of the Lyme Hall strain was the specimen displayed by Diego Velázquez de Silva ‘ painting  of the family of Philip IV [1656]. But most probably the Lyme strain referred to by Mr Kingdon originated from the period of Mr Thomas Legh 1793-57 who donated in 1843 'an old British Mastiff from Lyme Hall' to the Natural History Society.

Ten years later - 'Abbas Pasha lately obtained from England, by great exertion, a gigantic Mastiff, of the celebrated Lyme breed, and the monster was the talk of the whole city of Cairo. &c’ - 


Sun Fire Insurance agent Mr Kingdon once kept as many as 30 or 40 dogs at the same time. Arguably the last time he adverted pups for sale was in ’78 under - 'Pure Old English Mastiffs. The finest pedigree and rarest strain extant. Apply H D Kingdon, Esq.' It was reported the last of his Mastiffs died in '92.


At left - Article dd '33 about the former residence of Mr Harry de Spencer Kingdon whose death in ’03 did not passed unnoticed.

Newspapers – see a/o those above - gave quite a lot of attention and Mastiff men penned contributions about this eccentric highlight figure in early Mastiff history. Amongst them Mr Robert Richardson Metcalfe Balderstone b ’49 – common opponent of Mr M B Wynne -, professor of natural sciences and Mr J B Waldy aka John Bradshaw Degarmundesway Waldy b ’64 Cheltenham, solicitor of White Place High Street Guildford Surrey. –

Above insert – portrait of Mr Harry de Spencer Kingdon, one of the last Devonian squires and a considerable owner of property and land.

Born 1854 as the son of Mrs Augusta Knatchbull & Mr George William Lee Plumptree Carter of Kennington Hall, Mr Harry Wyndham Carter was proprietor & editor of Kennel Review est ‘82, a vehicle for opposition against the Kennel Club. Spending most of his time slandering and abusing the Kennel Club & prominent members of the Dog World with whom he had a difference. He styled himself with the invented title of Earl of Winchcombe.

His Basset Hounds aside, he kept twenty large dogs – Mastiffs, Bloodhounds and Great Danes. The Kennel Review was the Organ of the Specialist Clubs covering show reports from different countries; correspondence & prize lists of dog shows. Vol I -   October ‘82 –June ‘83 , 248pp & three portraits. Vol II July ‘83-April ‘84 includes the reprint of the report of the first recognized dog show — Newcastle-on-Tyne ‘59. Vol IV contains the first Christmas Dog Annual.

It ceased publication dd Dec ‘86 shortly before he was sentenced to five years penal servitude at the Maidstone Assizes for shooting at a bailiff named Wilson. During that period he was transferred to Hoxton lunatic asylum where he escaped in Dec ‘93 and was soon in trouble again. Convicted in '94 for sending a threatening letter to Queen Victoria, he was declared insane at trial and sent to Broadmoor Windsor where he spent the next forty-three years until his death Dec ’37.

In the early decades of the XXc it was not unusual to have postcards fronted by dog photographs. Unfortunately a lot of those were unnamed. Some examples of Mastiff pics – the two at left showing the same reddish one -. It shouldn’t be surprising if the dog at left and the stacked roomy bitch belonged to Mr George Cook’ Cleveland stock, whereas the right one might have been Mr Geo Joice’ Heatherville Duke by ch Felix.

Dd Sept ’24 – Photograph of *Culverden Peggy - *Culverden, a ward of Tunbridge Wells -, owned by Mrs Selkirk Wells née Isabel Frances Barbara Wilson b '87, dau of Col Christopher Wyndham Wilson - of Rigmaden Park Kirkby Lonsdale Cumbria -, who bred the Wilson pony - a cross between the native Fell pony and a thoroughbred Sir George She married in '08 Mr Selkirk Wells b '79, of Durwards Hall Kelvedon Essex, London Director of Worthington & Co Ltd - Burton-on-Trent, the well-known firm of brewers. During WWI Mr Wells was attached to the Expeditionary Force Canteens successively in France, Italy, Malta, Turkey, and Southern Russia, where he carried through arrangements in these various countries with brewery proprietors for the supply of beer to British and Colonial troops. He was educated privately, and apart from his war service has travelled extensively.

Photograph dd Feb ’37 from left to right – 1) ch Hellingly Beta b Oct '33 bred by Trelyon breeder Mrs Thomas – Menai Comet' dau H- Sylvia ex ch H- Cardinal -, 2) Hellingly Beau b Feb '34 – Menai Anglesea’ dau Hellingly Lady Rose ex ch Hellingly Joseph -, 3) Mark of Hellingly b Jan ’33 – ch Westcroft Blaise' dau Lumbering Sheila ex ch H- Cardinal' brother ch H- Marksman -, and 4) Dagmar b April ‘35 - Joseph’ dau H- Berenice ex ch H- Ajax' son H- Duke -; Dagmar was exported to Manthorne breeder Col Percy Hobart Titus and his brother Hellingly Damon - see at right -to Altnacraig breeder Mrs James Foster Clark but arguably both w/out any progeny.


At Crufts Feb ‘37 – under Major Harding Cox – ch Hellingly Beta got the bitch cc, ch Hellingly Mark 3rd Open behind ch Hellingly Ajax' son Kinder Monarch & Hellingly Duke' son Ileden Gunner; the Hellingly fawns Beau & Dagmar were not placed. – Here at left – This pic of ch Hellingly Beta shows off her head conformation more favourably. A bit down-faced but overall a quality bitch which unfortunately never produced any progeny.

The insert attached to 'A commanding quartette' is a head study of ch Hellingly Duchess b June '33 bred by Mrs Jessie Wilson Oliver - ch Hellingly Joseph' dau ch Hellingly Josephine ex ch Hellingly Ajax -. Possibly the best headed Mastiff ever bred by the Hellingly breeder Mrs J W Oliver. Duchess has beaten her kennel companion ch Hellingly Beta on three occasions, ie at Harrogate '36 under Mr Chris Houlker - reserve ch Hellingly Beta -, at Crystal Palace '36 under Mr Sam Woodiwiss  - reserve ch Hellingly Beta -, and at Harrogate '37 under Mr Leonard Crook - reserve ch Hellingly Beta -. Duchess' two other cc's were at Darlington '35 under Tiddicar breeder Mr Leonard Crook - reserve ch Hellingly Patricia -, and at the SKC '36 under Mr Holland Buckley - reserve ch Tiddicar Diana -.

Crufts Feb ’25 – photograph arguably depicting Poor Jerry b ’20 bred by Mr Gerrard – Peggy unr ex ch Young Mary Bull’ son Poor Joe –, and owned by Mrs G M Abrey of 1 Churchyard Row London. Poor Jerry’ sis Royoak Beauty became grand-dam of Wendy Cot Peter which sired Tiddicar breeder Mr Leonard Crook’ foundation brood Brigeawa, grand-dam of ch Tiddicar General, ch Tiddicar Diana, and ch Hellingly Prudence.


Crufts ‘25 was judged by Hazlemere breeder Mr Robt Leadbetter who awarded the cc’s to the 13 months old ch Prince bred/owned by Mrs John Evans, of St Helier - Isle of Jersey, and ch Ashenhurst Bernicea owned by Menai breeder Mr Bob Thomas. Ch Prince, a 35i tall reddish one was subject of the controversy about his grand-dam & great-grand-dam Penkhull Lady, reportedly carrying three-quarter Bull-Mastiff blood - for more about ch Prince see Miscellanea Two -.

Here at left – Poor Jerry’ sire Poor Joe which sired Mis Ianthe Bell' ch Woden as well. Poor Joe was brother of ch The Scarlet Pimpernel, ch Young Mary Bull, and Young John Bull.

Article dd Feb ’66 & insert of the Poachers’ Dog by Mr Richard Ansdell, supposed to depict his Lyme Mastiff Leo. Mr Edward Hanbury commenced with a fallow coloured bitch which, mated to Monarch, a dog bought in Wales but originally from Cheshire, produced Countess. Mated to Mr Ansdell’ Leo, Countess gave Empress – dam of Mr Hanbury’ 1st champion, ie Duchess sired by Mr Bill George’ Tiger. Mr Hanbury’ ideas about in-breeding went not that far to exclude any form of linebreeding as ch Wolsey was the result of a half sis/brother mating back to his ch Queen, and which was followed by a row of linebred litters back to his ch Rajah. It must have hurt Mr Harry de Spencer Kingdon to read in ’66 the writer' words about Messrs Hanbury & Lukey – ‘for having produced by far the best examples of this dog during the last ten years, yet neither of them can trace their kennels back beyond five or six generations' -, whereas he himself bred/owned stock, in the delusion they traced back to a centuries-old Lyme breed.

The last sentence - 'they are not good at water, and do not voluntarily take it, except in the heat of the summer.' - is something fully in contradiction with the doings of our 'Newton'. Half-way our regular winter walks through the meadows, there's a muddy ditch and time and time again nearing it within a fifty meters, he sets in a jolly pace and goes down the trench taking a well-deserved bath incl the usual slobbering. Filthy up to his belly he climbs out and seems very contended to continue the trail back home.

Above left corner - Advert dd April ’69 from the ‘Secretary of the Maidstone dog show’ Mr George Henry Nutt b ‘38, chemist of London road Maidstone, who bred and owned Mastiffs, a/o Bess b ’70 bred by Mr Towsley – Juno ex Caleb -, 2nd at Maidstone ’70 and 3rd at Crystal Palace ’70.

The article ‘Judges at dog shows’ goes about a controversy between - here at left - Rev Thomas Pearce '20-85 pseud 'Idstone',  and Mr Loftus Leigh Pemberton – breeder of Mr Hanburys ch Queen' grandsire Wolf - on the occasion of the Maidstone show dd ’70 where Miss Mary Hales’ ch Lion – see at right - got the ladies’ prize (for the best Mastiff shown by a lady), the county prize and an extra prize. Though the 1st prize was awarded to upcoming star ch Turk.


The KCSB mentions Miss Hales’ch Lion was the winner of 35 prizes at various shows, mainly in the years'70/71 a/o champion prizes at Crystal Palace & Darlington, 1st prizes at Manchester Belle Vue, Liverpool and Halifax. At Manchester Belle Vue '69 he was placed 2nd behind Miss Aglionby’ Wolf, brother of ch Turk, and at Edinburgh '71 he got 3rd prize – 1st prize went to Wolf bred by Dr Adrian B Ashford - ch Stella or Bill George’ dau Di sired ex ch Turk - and owned by Mr Patrick Warner b ’40,  JP of Ardeer House Stevenston Ayrshire.

Maidstone Dog Show ’76 by a newspaper reporter – Modoc b ’72 – ch Turk’ dau Nell ex Mr Green’ ch Monarch - bred/owned by French born Mr Emile Portier b ’37-90, Agent Foreign Manufacturing of La Voisine Catford Hill Lewisham London. Rev F H Hichens’ Mab – ch Turk’ grand-dau Jenny ex ch Punch’ brother Big Ben -. Mr G H Fitzherbert’ Sheila – ch Turk’ dau Venus ex ch Turk’ son ch Argus -. Mr G H Fitzherbert’ Rhoda – ch Turk’ dau Venus ex ch King’ paternal nephew Rupert -; Rhoda became ch Crown Prince’ maternal grand-dam. Hebe b '74 bred by Mr Menlove – Paris’ dau Mabel ex Mr Green’ ch Monarch -, and owned by Mr Edward Barron Broomhall b ’48, of Broomhall & Co’ East India Brokers - Mount Pleasant terrace Lewisham.

At his 1st show ever, 19 months old ch Peter Piper got his 1st challenge prize under Dr J S Turner placing Mr Wm N Higgs’ 5y old ch Ilford County Member in 2nd. The ISDN wrote – ‘In Mr Woolmore’ brindle Mastiff Peter Piper, we probably come to the sensation of the Crystal Palace Show Oct ’94 with about two thousand entries, a/o 34 Mastiffs; he won in every class he was entered in besides a special and two challenge cups, one amounting the value of Forty guineas; it was generally acknowledged by the experts present that his head is perfect, besides which he is a wonderful mover, a great thing in this breed.’ -


At right - Report about the only time Mr Royle’ ch Peter Piper b March ’93 was beaten, namely at Birmingham Dec '94 judged by Lt-Col Zaccheus Walker b '49 who awarded the 1st prize to Lord Overton b June ‘92 bred by Captain J L Piddocke – ch Victor Hugo’ dau ch Jubilee Beauty ex ch Beaufort’ son ch Lord Stafford -. 

Accidentally or not, the judge of the day, Mr Z Walker, and Lord Overton’ owner Mr Wm Adams  - both prominent gentlemen - lived within one and half mile distance. During the rest of his show career Lord Overton got only one 1st prize, namely in Limit class at Birmingham '93 – cc ch Plutarch -; his other results in ‘94 were 2nd Open at Leeds behind ch Lord Stafford' son Ingestre, 3rd Open at Liverpool behind 2nd Jack Beaufort, and 3rd Limit at Northampton behind Lord Hatton' son Viscount and ch Ilford County Member’ son Simon de Montfort. But still unaware if Mr Harry de Spencer Kingdon’ reference to possible malversations of freemasonry between judges and breeders (or owners) could be applied to this odd case at Birmingham '94.

At Birmingham Dec ’95 Mr C C Rice wrote about Lord Overton - 'Has a good head but his lack of ‘stop’ renders him more expressionless than the winner – ed ch Marc Antrony -. He was in poor condition, and no doubt looked weaker in loin than he really is. He is a bad mover behind.' -

Lord Overton b June ’92 & bred by Captain Piddocke - ch Jubilee Beauty ex ch Lord Stafford -, respectively ch Peter Piper‘ paternal grand-dam & maternal grand-uncle. 


Mr Charles Court Rice mentioned in his Annual Report dd Jan ’95 – ‘Birmingham finished up the year so far as Mastiffs are concerned , LCol Zaccheus Walker made his début as a judge; but it cannot be claimed that it was very successful. Were it not that those who officiate in the ring do not do so in a spirit of levity one would imagine that Lt-Col Walker indulged in a joke at the exhibitor’ expense.’ -

A few weeks later at Crufts Lord Overton was placed reserve (4th) in Open class behind ch Peter Piper, Ethelred & Jonathan; the judge W Norman Higgs reported – ‘ Lord Overton is houndy and shows too much daylight, his muzzle might be shorter and he is very flat-sided.’

He was put up for sale at £250, £1000 for ch Peter Piper, £150 for Ethelred & £50 for Jonathan.

Lord Overton’ owner Mr William Adams '57-11 came from Sheffield where his father Henry had been a coal miner and later became a founder-member of the Refuge Assurance Company. William was Midland Manager and later a Director of the Refuge. 

He moved to Birmingham in the eighties and became known in the Moseley district as a philanthropist of considerable wealth. He built a large house in Wake Green Road - Moseley, calling it 'Sorrento' and adopted the crest & motto of the Refuge on the gates of Sorrento – ‘Nil absque labore’ aka Nothing without labour, and about half a mile away from Mayfield house Stratford Road Sparkhill.  

He built a large house in Wake Green Road - Moseley, calling it 'Sorrento' and adopted the crest & motto of the Refuge on the gates of Sorrento – ‘Nil absque labore’ aka Nothing without labour, and about half a mile away from Mayfield house Stratford Road Sparkhill.  He was a Primitive Methodist and endowed a number of chapels incl that at Sparkhill where he also presented the organ and was also responsible for building the Primitive Methodist Chapel at Tyseley & the Institute there. He was a keen sportsman and he played cricket for Sparkhill. 

He was a leading member of the Warwickshire County Cricket Club, Chairman of the Birmingham Football Club and President of the Kings Heath Cricket Club. He presented the Adams Shield for international athletics, and he is said to have employed cricketers in his garden so as to secure them for the team. His obituary refers to him as a man of blunt geniality & private benevolence. 

Quadruple Crufts’ winner ch Peter Piper – see as youngster at left, and in centre his mature brother Leyton Jim owned by Mr Wm Shearer Clark - was also victorious at the other main shows – Crystal Palace, Birmingham 2x, Manchester & Liverpool -. He entered the ring against the crème of the then Mastiff fancy, and has beaten a/o Mr Wm N Higgs’ ch Beaufort Black Prince, Mr A J Thorpe’ ch Mark Antony, Mr C C Rice’ Ethelred, Mr L Dobbelmann’ Jonathan, Dr J S Turner’ Ayrshire, Lt-Col Z Walker’ Stentor, and Mr Robt Leadbetter’ ch Marksman.

At right - Dd 8th June ’93 - It goes about Justice Bruce' breeder/owner Rev Van Doorne of Brixton and Mr Charles Wm Cunningham '46-96, steward of Kensington Infirmary. Garm b July ’89 – ch Jack Thyr’ dau Fjorda ex Orlando II - aka Justice Bruce, reportedly -‘having a massive skull but weak in muzzle’, was paternal half brother of ch Ogilvie, the latter ch Peter Piper' grandsire. The connection between Mr C W Cunningham and Rev Van Doorne might have come from the fact that the Kensington Infirmary had 'a Roman Catholic chapel and a room for a Roman Catholic chaplain' and Rev Van Doorne, one of the few Roman catholic priests, resided only five miles away.  At Crufts ’91 Rev Van Doorne put up for sale Garm at £100 mentioning his 2nd Novice class Crystal Palace ’90.

Above at left –Judge report about Birmingham dd Dec ’86 by Mr Robert Hood-Wright b Halifax ’47, a/o Hon Secretary of the prestigious Ranelagh show presided by Her Grace the Duchess of Newcastle & directed by Charles Cruft, and co-authored the first Deerhound Standard. – Above at right – Article dd Feb ‘87 by Mr Edwin Nichols, breeder/owner of 2nd prize winner ch Victor Hugo incl parcels by St Bernard breeder Joseph F Smith and the veterinarian J M Parker. Ch H M King' Canute and his sis ch Cambrian Princess b Feb '82 were out of ch Punch’ granddau Modesty ex ch Beau, the latter owned by Mr Mark Beaufoy, the one who purchased ch H M King Canute at the Crystal Palace’ auction dd ‘85. King Canute, mated to Mr Luke Crabtree’ Dora II, produced Lady Canute, the latter mated to ch Orlando, gave Rev Van Doorne' famous ch Jack Thyr.   - Below article dd March ‘87 - Mr Joseph Evans, of ‘Boehmer, Evans & Co' * boot and shoe manufacturers & merchants Salisbury Court London, bred and owned several prominent Mastiffs.

Article dd Feb ‘84 about the OEMC General Meeting. Amongst those present 1) Mr James W Berrie '37-14, of Vant Road Lower Tooting, was President of the Bulldog Club Inc est ’75. Having experience in running a specialist club, he might have been helpful in instrumentalising club rules for the newly formed OEMC. He was born at Long Eaton Derbys and lineal descent from the Earl of Kilmarnock. He was a Liveryman of the Goldsmiths' Co and ranked high as a Freemason.  2) Mr James Banks ’03-83, of Lawn Cottage Wood Green, owned ch Lily II’ light brindle brother Antony b ‘78 bred by Mr W K Taunton - Mr Greens ch Monarch' dau ch Gwendolen ex ch Cardinal - 1st puppy class at Alexandra Palace '79, and his son Banquo bred by Mr H Hill out of Mr Nichols Prince' dau Lady.

Amongst those auditors elected was Mr W(illiam) H(unter) Johnston who  judged almost half a century later Crufts '32. At left - Label & advert dd '89 in which Mr J W Berrie promotes Read Brothers' Bulldog beer.

The above article learns that Dr Forbes Winslow judged the breed at Hertford '83 - results champion prize Mr Beaufoy' ch Pontiff, Open class 1st Dr Turner' ch Orlando, 2nd Mr Beaufoy' Boatswain, and 3rd Mr Hutchings' Nestor - the Wynnes Brindled Pluto' grand-dau Calypso ex Mr Beaufoy' ch Nero -. Bitches - divided 1st Mr Woolmore' ch Cambrian Princess & ch Crown Prince' sis Princess Royal owned by Mr Beaufoy, 3rd ch Cambrian Princess' dam Modesty owned by Mr Woolmore. Dr Forbes Winslow' ch Crown Prince was on exhibit, obviously not for competition. -

At York '83 Mr Beaufoy awarded 1st to Dr Turner' ch Orlando, 2nd Mr E D Tyrer' Surajah - ch Rajah' dau Judy ex ch Colonel' sire Ben -, 3rd ch Crown Princess' brother Prussian Prince - ch Colonel' dau Negress ex ch Crown Prince - owned by Dr Winslow. Bitches 1st & cup Dr Winslow' ch Crown Princess, 2nd ch Orlando' sis ch Rosalind owned by Dr Winslow, 3rd Mr R Alston' Connaught Duchess - Albani ex ch Colonel -.

First row - Part of an article written by Miss Barbara Blackstone, published in the OEMC 1980 Handbook. - At right – Judge report of the Mastiff classes at Crystal Palace dd January 1883. - The Field dd Jan 13th ‘83 - 'Proposed Mastiff Club. It has been suggested that a meeting be held on Friday, the 19th inst, at 2.30 pm, during the KC Crystal Palace Show. Undersigned by Dr Winslow, Mr Mark Beaufoy (formerly member of the Mastiff Breeding Club) & Dr J S Turner' - The Kennel Club’ XXth exhibition of sporting and other dogs was held at the Crystal Palace during Tuesday and three following days. It was the largest which this society has ever held, the number of entries being upwards of 1,300. The animals were exhibited in the galleries round the south nave of the Palace. – At the end of his report Rev W J Mellor refers to Mr Woolmore, ie ‘May he have many more surprises in store for us’ – something which became true in breeding the Mastiff phenomenon ‘Peter Piper' ten years later.


One of the original OEMC Vice-Presidents, Colonel Henry Martin Cornwall Legh ’39-04, was heir presumptive to his uncle, George Cornwall Legh, and resided at High Legh Hall Knutsford ca 20 miles from the arguably non-related Legh family of Lyme Hall. As far as known, he never owned Mastiffs, so his function within the OEMC might have been was purely representative.- Here at left - ch Orlando. Rev W J Mellor awarded at Crystal Palace '83 - see report 1st row at right - the then 19 months old Orlando 2nd prize Open class. Despite his weakness in hind quarters, ch Orlando became one of the major contemporary  stud pillars.

Another original yet less known OEMC Vice-President was Mr Charles John Lambe Eames ’47-’01, of 4 Rockley Road Hammersmith & Grims Hall Whitstable. He owned 1) Sultana b ’82 & bred by Mr Hertel - Nellie ex ch The Shah’ son Sultan -, and 2) ch Crown Princess’ sis Princess Florence b ’81 & bred by Dr Winslow – ch Colonel' dau Negress sired by ch Crown Prince -. For a short time Mr C J L Eames was Quartermaster of the London Division of the Volunteer Medical Staff Corps. 

Mr Charles John Lambe Eames was the son of Mr Charles Chambers Joseph Eames, musician and journalist, and Miss Elizabeth Lambe, daughter of Mr John Lambe - pocket book manufacturer and silversmith of Wells & Lambe - 29 Cockspur Street & 44 New Bond Street, London.

Initially working as jewellers, silversmiths and pocket-book manufacturer’s, Wells & Lambe soon expanded their repertoire, specialising in copying machines, portable writing desks and dressing cases. They quickly gained a very good reputation for the quality of their workmanship, thus attracting a very exclusive clientele. Their customers included the Dukes of Wellington, York and Cumberland, the Prince of Wales, Queen Victoria, and almost all of her children.’ - Perhaps the OEMC Forty Guinea Challenge Cups were made by 'Wells & Lambe’ dd 1883. -

At right – Early trophies of the OEMC branch in America, a/o a replica offered by the OEMC of the Forty Guinea Cup incl Mastiff head decoration. Quote – ‘The American committee of the OEMC be dissolved at the expiration of the present year.’ - Ed 1888.

 At extreme left – Although smaller sized, the design of the OEMC Forty Guinea Challenge Cups might have been inspired by the huge Royal Yacht Squadron £100 Cup - originally standing 27 inches tall -, awarded in 1851 by the RYS for a race around the Isle of Wight, which was won by the schooner America led by Mr John Cox Stevens.

The trophy was renamed the 'America' Cup' after the yacht and was donated to the New York Yacht Club (NYYC) under the terms of the Deed of Gift, which made the cup available for perpetual international competition.


'The America' Cup, affectionately known as the Auld Mug, is a trophy awarded to the winner of the America' Cup match races between two sailing yachts. One yacht, known as the defender, represents the yacht club that currently holds the America' Cup and the second yacht, known as the challenger, represents the yacht club that is challenging for the cup. The timing of each match is determined by an agreement between the defender and the challenger. The America' Cup is the oldest international sporting trophy.' -

The still existent 'Gorham Manufacturing Company' NY is one of the largest American manufacturers of sterling and silverplate and a foundry for bronze sculpture. The American Mastiff Club was established in 1887 presided by Mr Robert Lenox Belknap - Secretary & Treasurer Dr Richard H Derby -, and counted forty-four members the next year. Quote by Mrs Patricia Hoffman – 'The American club may be justly regarded as an offshoot of the Old English Mastiff Club in Britain , and whatever success has attended its his history during the past year should be attributed to the heavy good will shown by the parent club. English members were listed, among whom were Mr W K Taunton, who judged at Westminster, Mr Mark Beaufoy, and OEMC Secretary Mr Richard Cook.' - The OEMC arranged to hold a non-competitive members show at the Crystal Palace dd Aug '90 in order to give Dr Richard H Derby the opportunity to see the cream of the Mastiffs in England. There also was a short-lived branch of the OEMC in America founded in ‘87 as well - chairman Ashmont breeder Dr J F Perry & Secretary Mr Wm Wade - which caused a great deal of controversy and was disbanded in the course of the same year. In ’98, about the time the organisation became defunct, the American Mastiff Club was no longer a member of the AKC.

Sterling silver dish trays dd 1910 designed by Mr Joseph Rodgers of Sheffield. Business founded as penknife cutlers in 1682. Ca 1821 by special appointment cutlers to the Royal family. By 1876 the business of Mr Joseph Rodgers and Co was at 33 Charles Street Sheffield. Dd 1914 Manufacturers of cutlery and silver and electro-plate. Specialities: crucible and shear steel, table and pocket cutlery, razors and scissors, silver and electro-plated goods, spoons, forks, fish eating knives, &c.


According to OEMC archivist Mr Graham Hicks it was Mr Chas Aubrey Smith’ Mastiff ch Colonel Cromwell – see at right – which stood model. He was born ’99 and bred by Mr Arthur W Lucas – Leda unr *** ex Tom Bowling’ son Invicta -. Ch Colonel Cromwell got cc’s at Crystal Palace '02 cc under Dr J S Turner, at Manchester '06 under Lt-Col Z Walker, already aged 8+ at Crystal Palace ‘07 again under Dr J S Turner, and finally a 4th one at Birmingham '07 under Bloodhound breeder Mr Edwin Brough.

*** Mr George Cook' Cleveland stud book notes mention Colonel Cromwell' dam Leda as out of Weleda - ch Beaufort' granddaughter Etan ex Orlando II - sired by David Garrick b '87 & bred by Capt Piddocke - ch Crown Prince' dau ch Toozie ex ch Beaufort -. David Garrick was described as -   ‘but little inferior to his brother Lord Cobrey in markings, and was a cheap purchase for the lady – ed Miss Anna Marion Hatherell b ‘60 of Radford House nr Leamington - who I heard claimed him at his catalogue prize.’ Mr J Hutchings reported - ‘Though small, David Garrick is a nicely made dog with a nice skull, good ears and eyes; he is too narrow in muzzle, a far greater fault in a Mastiff [than a light full eye.’ - Dr J S Turner reported about him - ‘a fair all round dog, but lacks Mastiff character and expression in face, another breeding anomaly, seeing he is by Beaufort ex Toozie.’ -

Photographs dd July ’89 showing a/o Nicky Hanton with the Old English Mastiff Delias, pedigree name - Delias Maid of Honour - b Aug ‘80 bred/owned by Mr William Adam Hanton, of Wellheads Drive Dyce nr Aberdeen – ch Gildasan Silver Ghost’ dau Gildasan Katrina ex Gildasan Lucky Number’ grandson Gildasan Lester -. Mr W A Hanton was/is the proprietor of the Aberdeen Aero Club Dyce Airport – Board of Trade Approved Examining PPL Flying-night rating. Instrument training, ground instruction using Cesna Pilot Centre System.

At left – Ch Turk b '67 bred by Miss Elizabeth Aglionby - Nichols Quaker' dau Hilda ex Lukeys Governor’ grandson ch King -. Centre & at right – Taking into account levels of exposure, photographs of a Mastiff which most probably depicts the same dog, ie thé dog of the then breed fancy - ch Turk, successively owned by not less than six gentlemen. The photograph in the centre presents a more frontal frontal view of the head and illustrates great breadth between the ears. Ch Turk was once purchased for a record price of £580 – about the then average price for an dwelling house -. Some fifteen years later, ch Crown Prince was sold at Dr Forbes L   Winslow’ auction for £180.

Ch Turk‘ younger brother Mr C T Harris’ ch Argus b ’70 bred by Mr Edward Field great-grandsired Mrs Carslake’ ch Ilford Baroness. Their sis Beldam was grand-dam of Mr Chas H Mason’ ch Salisbury. Ch Turk himself was ancestor of an impressive lot of show-winning stock. He sired Mr H S Wallace ’ ch Juno, Mr P Aspinall’ ch Punch, and Mr A S de Fivas’ ch Granby.


Ch Turk grandsired four champions, ie Mr J Leigh Becker’ ch Ben, Miss Aglionby’ ch Lottie, Mr W K Taunton’ ch Cardinal, and Mrs Rawlinson ch Countess. Ch Turk thereby grandsired ch The Shah’ dam Mr Balliston’ Ino, ch Creole’ dam Rev Mellor’ Duchess, ch Beau’ dam Mr Nichols’ Belle, ch Cardinal & ch Pontiff’ dam Mr Banbury’ Princess, and ch His Lordship’ sire Mr Grove’ Prince. At left - Hempstead House - Sittingbourne, residence of Rev Wm James Mellor ’34-99 in the early part of the 1870s.

Born '34 at Madras, the son of Mr James Mellor, Lieutenant-Colonel of the Madras Army and Justice of Peace at Bedford. Mr W J Mellor became clergyman of the Church of England – Master of Arts Trinity College Cambridge - residing at Avondale House 4 Wellington Square - Cheltenham,   together with his French mother Anna, his unmarried sisters Lucy born ’36 Boulogne France & Mary b ’39 India Mulligaum , and a sis Harriet b ‘49 Bedford , an officers’ widow. 

Above at left – Rev W J Mellor, clergyman of the Church of England, photograph by Mr Wm James Suter, Montpellier Studio Royal House Parabola Road Cheltenham – less than one mile frm Wellington Square.


He married in ‘59 at Cheadle Miss Sarah Fernihough Higham b ’38, dau of timber dealer Mr Joseph Higham and Anne née Fernihough, of Cheadle Heath. In the 1860 he was Rector of Colwick ca 20 miles from the Wynnes living place Scalford nr Melton Mowbray.

Ca ’64 he successfully started to exhibit Bantam poultry, followed by a lot of dog breeds. Dec ’67 - Take off of his long row of appointments, ie judging Deerhounds at Belle Vue Manchester. In '68 he moved to The Elms Oakfield Ryde - Isle of Wight, and came there into contact with Mastiff fanciers Major Garnier & Mr P J D Lindoe. Dd '68 he bred pigs, showed Greyhounds and an eight years old champion Dandie Dinmont.

A newspaper mentions – ‘The Rev W J Mellor, the vicar, singularly enough has been absent from Colwick’ church for some years; but we are assured that he is ‘on leave'. – Meanwhile he became elected vice president of the 'Isle of Wight Liberal Association'.

After a short stay at Croft House Tenby nr Gloucester, he became Vicar of Rodmersham Kent in ’74 where his Mastiff career began. He purchased from Mr Edwin Nichols Big Ben' dau Duchess b '72 which, mated to ch Wolsey' brother Prince, produced ch Creole b ’74 and in '77 sold her to Mr T W Allen of Southbank Hereford. Dd ‘80 ch Creole was transferred to Mr Chas H Mason, of Clayton Heights Yorks, and accompanying him on his emigration to the States.


Rev Mellor’ next bitch of note was Mr Greens ch Monarch' dau ch Gwendolen b '75, also transferred at adult age, ie to Mr W K Taunton whose ch Cardinal sired a litter out of Rev Mellor' Belle resulting in Snowball purchased by Mr H C Joplin, of Grasmere Park Liverpool, who sold her to the OEMC President Lord Arthur Cecil. - At right – A typical 1870s Mastiff, possibly ‘hat & cane’ Rev Mellor’ ch Turk.

Rev W J Mellor owned the prize winning Bloodhound Menthon and the smooth St Bernard Gletcher II as well. Notwithstanding The Field mentions dd May ‘80 – ‘The Rev W J Mellor, having announced his intention of giving up judging at dog shows, the following letter his,’ &c' -, he should become one of the most prominent judges over the next five years. To begin with a show dd May ‘80 in Elberfeld nr Wuppertal Germany – ‘The prizes for the English races are to be adjudged by Mr S E Shirley and Rev W J Mellor, of Sittingbourne. Special honorary prizes are awarded by the German Emperor Wilhem II, Prince Charles of Prussia, and other distinguished’ - &c. – Arguably they did the trip to Germany together with Dr Winslow exhibiting ch His Lordship at Elberfeld, as well as at Berlin May ‘80. His Lordship was Mr E Dingley, of Southend Farm Mathon Malvern, and grandsired by Mr de Fivas’ ch Granby. At left – part of a tableau of prize winners at Margate Feb ’80 – Mastiff champion prize for Dr Windlow ch His Lordship.

The drawing shows up a prominent bevelled off look of the head piece but unfortunately the foreface looks a bit Pointer-like dish-faced, the opposite to other faulty faces in profile – the  down-face and/or the so-called ‘Roman nose’ exemplified by ch Hellingly Ajax.

Dd March ‘83 – ‘The Duke of Edinburgh - ed Alfred b ‘41, 2nd son of Queen Victoria - arrived at Warwick from London yesterday afternoon on a visit to Warwick dog show. By the express wish of his Royal Highness, the visit will be of a private form. Before the public had scarcely been admitted to the exhibition, the judges, Mr Shirley and the Rev W J. Mellor, had entered upon their respective tasks, and owners were allowed to parade their exhibits in person. This led to strange’, &c -.

It seems that after judging this Crystal Palace Show dd Feb ’84, Rev W J Mellor’ engagement in the Mastiff breed dwindled, possibly partly by occurrences as the ending up of breeding by Messrs Nichols b '25-02 & Hanbury b ’34-17 - the latter perhaps broken-hearted by the downfall of ‘his' brainchild - the Mastiff Breeding Club, the death of Mr T H V Lukey, the bankruptcy of Dr Winslow and the drawn-out case about the doubtful paternity of Crown Prince, a dog which he had promoted at large.


Dd Dec ‘84 The Field – ‘To exhibitors of Bulldogs and Mastiffs.— Rev W J Mellor has some splendid specimens of the above for sale at moderate prices ; prize winners and price bred.—Rodmersham Vicarage.’ – Dd March '85 – ‘Mr Harris and Mr May for kindly under taking to keep the ground in order. It has long been the wish of the Vicar, the Rev W J Mellor, that a cricket club should be started for the village, and it is hoped that the enthusiastic beginning will result’, &c. – Dd Aug '85 The death of his wife' uncle Mr John Fernihough, calico-printer of Highfield House nr Cheadle. - Dd Feb '86 – The Field – ‘This he did, and under such an expert the Rev W J Mellor, the ruling will generally be taken as the correct one.’ –Dd April ‘86 - 'The Rev W J Mellor, due to failing health, informs us to state that he is compelled to abstain from shows of’ - &c. His 48 year old wife Sarah Fernihough née Higham died July 22th ’86 – ‘after a long and painful malady with exemplary patience.' - Nov ’86 he remarried at Dover Leila Anne Leila Anne Wildman Lushington b ‘55 West Indies Trinidad, dau of Mr James Wildman-Lushington of Chilham Castle - see at right - Chilham Park Chilham Canterbury, owner the Esher plantations in Jamaica. The couple got three daughters a/o Irene ‘Barbara’ – see below centre -.

End Nov '86 - 'Serious accident. WhiIe riding out Monday week, in the company her sister and man servant, Miss Hermine Mellor, daughter Rev W J Mellor, vicar of was thrown from her horse and sustained injuries on her right shoulder and face, while her riding habit was torn.' - Dd March ‘89 – ‘an excellent concert, and then they had the pleasure of witnessing a remarkably good dramatic performance. The Vicar, Rev W J   Mellor, who has a happy knack of affording pleasure to many a good audience, and at the same time also has the satisfaction’ &c. – Dd Aug 1891 – ‘The work restoration of the St Nicholas’ Parish Church see at right - has been zealously carried out by the vicar, the Rev W J Mellor.’ -   Dd May ‘96 – ‘Rev Bougton-Leigh, who comes from Kitchingham, near Hawkhurst. succeeds the Rev W J Mellor who was Vicar of Rodmersham for 21 years, and who recently resigned.' - Dd   March '98 - 'Rev W J Mellor, late vicar of Rodmersham, moved to Dalton Hengist Road - Bournemouth.' - Dd Nov 1st ‘99 – ‘Rev W J Mellor, Admiral John Bythesea, Colonel J C Addison, Colonel A   Poole, and Mr C J R Troup, Directors of the Incorporated Proprietary Co, a Company formed for the purpose of carrying on clubs, and they carried on one in Waterloo place London.‘- Rev William James Mellor died December 6th ’99 at Craigholm, home for invalids at Owls Road Boscombe, close to the pier & arcade of Bournemouth.

The ‘Mrs Anderson' was Mr Hanson' fellow Benfleet villager Mrs Maisie Anderson, the owner of Bardayle kennels, and breeder a/o ch Havengore Balint b '60 and Havengore Adam b '56, the latter grandsire of Mr Hanson' foundation brood Havengore Gipsy, Mrs Pamela Day' ch Havengore Dawn, ch Kisumu Jasper, and Kisumu Hannah, dam of ch Buckhall Mr Micawber & ch Buckhall Lord Jim. Mr Bill Hanson, in full William Joseph Hanson b 1931, married in '52 at Coventry Miss Phoebe F Cross b '29.

The 1939 Register mentions only one ‘William’ Hanson born ’31, ie the son of William Hanson b ‘91, lorry driver of 38 Highstone Ave Barnsley - ca 100 miles N of Coventry. 

Mr Bill Hanson awarded shortly before his death ch Hollesley Medicine Man' first Crufts cc incl BOB – see at right -. He reported – ‘Very good square fawn with a grand head. Moving well despite the heat. Every inch a Mastiff' -.

From the OEMC Newsletter June '82 - 'The Committee has been delighted to accept on behalf of the Club, a trophy from Mrs M A Moore to commemorate Bill Hanson.

It consists of two Mastiffs sitting in different poses and makes a most artistic addition to the Club' collection of Challenge Cups. It will be offered at the Club Ch Show at Newbury where it will be offered for the winner of the Limit Dog Class.' – Mr Graham Hicks, being the then judge, awarded the Bill Hanson Trophy to Mr Louis McDonald, owner of the apricot ch Longendale Lord Bernard – see at left -. Presently, the OEMC Trophy Room lists 30+ pieces, all to be held for twelve months including the Hellingly Cup ‘missing not returned.'

The trophy from Mrs M A Moore to commemorate Bill Hanson is not listed, so another ‘most artistic addition to the Club' collection of Challenge Cups’ seems to be vanished in smoke. A year later at the OEMC Centenary show, MCOA President & Greenbranch breeder Mr Edward Anthony Gerace presented the Progeny Award – according to one source made by himself - which was won by Mesdames Lloyd Jones and Greenwell. - Above at right next to texts – Crufts ’81 pic of Mr Hanson (in the centre) & MM – at right dd Aug ’84 - MM’ head study at the OEMC Ch Show Lyme Hall.

Third part of 'A Plea for the brindle Mastiff', an extensive article by Hellingly breeder Mr Edmund G Oliver. At right - an unnamed unicoloured, so not brindle, Mastiff illustrating the first part of 'A Plea for the brindle Mastiff' publ in Dog World p 976 May ‘31. Mr Oliver couldn’t help to ride his hobbyhorse called ‘Impurity’ and considered the red brindle as incorrect as the red, and presumed the colour originates from a St Bernard cross. Blue brindles found no mercy in Mr Oliver' opinion, ie blue brindle puppies should be put down at birth, and under no condition used for breeding.

Which is in sharp contrast with Mr W K Taunton, - quoted - ‘The colour is sometimes deceptive and what appears to a novice as a brindle puppy turns out to be a very dark fawn which gradually gets lighter as the puppy grows. It has occurred that puppies bred from dark rich brindles have been whelped of a blue or slate colour. In course of time, the stripes of the brindle appear, but puppies of this colour, which are very rare, generally retain a blue mask and have light eyes. Many such puppies have been destroyed; but this practice is a mistake; for although it is not a colour to be desired, some of our best Mastiffs have been bred through dogs or bitches of this shade. As an instance, I may mention my own dog, Constable. His grandam, Columbine, was a blue brindle. I parted with her as a puppy to a well-known breeder who afterwards offered her back to me on account of her colour. Knowing how she was bred, I readily accepted the offer. She was by Cardinal, out of Cleopatra by Cardinal out of Gwendolen by Green’ Monarch. Putting her to her sire, I obtained Empress of Tring, a capital brindle of good size. Just at this time I wanted a cross-out and Dr Turner offered to let me have, at quite a nominal price, Hotspur, a son of Crown Prince and a dog for which he had refused 100 pounds as a puppy. Mating Empress of Tring with him I got many good Mastiffs, one of the best being Constabl, who made his debut at the Barn Elms’ Kennel Club show in 1887, where he caused a sensation among Mastiff breeders.'

Above at left – published in The Dog Owners’ Annual for 1891 – London Dean & Son 160A Fleet Street E C. The chapter Notes on illustrations mentions a/o – ‘The British Mastiff Cardinal on page 57 was the property of Mr Taunton, the secretary of the Crystal Palace Dog Show, and was the best brindled Mastiff of his day.’ –

This drawing hugely deviates from the one published in Mr Gordon Stables’ book ‘Our Friend the Dog’ dd ’84 which presents NOT ch Cardinal but arguably his gaunt-like son Ilford Cromwell b ’81, a blue brindle owned by Mr Richard Cook and dd ’84 exported to Mr A Hull Saratoga Springs NY – see engraving at here left, incl Cromwell' head publ in ‘The American Mastiff’, article by Mr Chas Marshall -.

The KCSB mention only one Max, namely Max b ‘78 bred by Rev F H Hichens – Big Ben’ dau Mab ex ch The Shah – owned by Mr Stefano Castelli of Pelham Street Kensington London. The subtitle ‘dogue anglais’ indicates the drawing was published in some French article or book. Max' siblings were Mrs Geo Willins' Gurth 1st Puppy class Alexandra Palace '78, and Mr H G Woolmore' Deva, 1st at Brighton '79, and 3rd prizes in '80 at Alexandra Palace & Margate. Centre at right - Ingleside Minting b ’92 – Am ch Minting' dau Madge Minting ex ch Beauforts Black Prince -.

At left - the drawing, subtitled Beaufort, represents not ch Beaufort but Am ch Minting. The next two drawings show ch Beaufort' son Am ch Black Prince incl his major fault, ie straight hind quarters. Prince Cola b ‘91 bred by Mr   G E Holcomb of Jackson of Michigan - ch Minting' dau Lulu Minting ex Am ch Ilford Caution' son ch Ilford Chancellor -. Prince Cola was owned by Mr Lancelot Younghusband - more about him in next post. -

Here at right - drawing published ’00 in St Pauls Globe, perhaps referring to the then Wacouta Mastiff kennels located at St Paul. The Wacouta kennels imported from Stafford breeder Mr Albert Andrews Vestula - dam of ch Lord Stafford, Sir Stafford & ch Lady Florida -, as well as ch Orlando’ brother Lord Raglan & ch Albert Victor’ younger brother Nap –, the latter bred by Welshman Mr Richard Morgan – for more about him see Miscellanea Three -.

Prince Cola aside, Dr Lancelot Younghusband of Detroit owned the Mastiff   ‘Don Quixote’ b ’90 & bred by Mr Rollin Bird of Springfield Ohio - Ashmont Bertha’ Lulu II sired by ch Jack Thyr’ brother Alonzo -, the latter  - see below at right - bred by the Belgian Rev HKE Van Doorne - ch His Majesty King Canute’ dau Lady Canute sired by ch Orlando -.

Here at left - An ‘early Detroit Image’ from the Burton Historical Collection – Group, including some women, posed on high school steps during convention. Doorway sign reads – ‘American Society of Microscopists, thirteenth annual meeting, August 12-15, 1890. Handwritten below in right corner ‘Dr Lancelot Younghusband’.


Quote – ‘The Doctor b ‘28 at Richmond Yorks, comes from one of the oldest families in the North of England. When he was thirteen years of age his father emigrated with his family to Canada, remained there nearly ten years, and then moved to Michigan. Our subject, who stayed behind, had during his early years been brought up to the milling business, his father having built and run several flouring mills. This occupation he found very uncongenial, and as he manifested a great love of study, and especially of the languages, his father encouraged him with a view to his entering the ministry.

At an early age, Lancelot was sent to Victoria College – Cobourg, and was a student under the celebrated Rev Dr Ormiston. He graduated in arts at Acadia College - Dominion of Canada. For several years he was engaged as principal in high schools. At the age of twenty-four, he began the study of medicine in the office of two eminent physicians, at Port Hope – Ontario. Some years afterwards, he adopted the homoeopathic system of medicine and received the degree of MD from the oldest homoeopathic medical college in America at Philadelphia.


For many years he was engaged in a large and successful practice at Mount Clemens – Michigan. In the year ‘68, his alma mater conferred its highest honors upon him the degree of doctor of laws. In the fall of ‘71, he was elected president and professor of theory and practice in the Detroit Homoeopathic College, an institution, the success of which is already assured. On removing to Detroit he formed a partnership with Dr E R Ellis, a prominent physician of that city, and professor of surgery in the college.' Source – ‘Cleave' Biographical Cyclopædia of Homœopathic Physicians & Surgeons’ by Egbert Cleave .

At left – unnamed photograph publ in the Dog Show catalog of the Northwestern KC dd April ’97, arguably the Best Mastiff in Show, ie Mr J W Florence’ Richland Duke II b ’90 bred by Dr W W Bradley of Richland kennels of Milnor North Dakota - Princess Dolly ex Tiger Royal – owned by Mr John W Florence b ’60 of 1105 Hennepin Ave Minneapolis.

At left - California Queen, arguably related to Am ch California Cube b '97 bred/owned by Mr Wm Ellsworth Meek of Hampton Road Hayward Alameda California – Buddy ex Cube -. He was a Director of Native Sons of the Golden West.

Centre - Mr Walt(er) Mc Dougall, dean of American cartoonists, author and humorist of Fern Lane farmhouse Waterford Conn. Generally regarded as the first American cartoonist, contributed to the old New York World and to the Philadelphia North American.

He also did strips for the McClure Syndicate and nationally known magazines. Among his better known ones were ‘Absent Minded Abner',” ‘Fatty Felix',” ‘Hank The Hermit', ‘Teddy In Africa' and the Rambillaux series.

Mr Walt Mc Dougal was a personal friend of the late Theodore Roosevelt and covered the White House during his presidential regime. –

Here at left - St Paul Globe Nov ’03 – ‘The Mastiff Jumbo, biggest dog in the world, owned by F J Steinmetz of Park Rapids Minnesota weighs a few pounds over 300 pounds, height thirty-four inches, and his length from tip to tip is eighty-two inches. He wears a thirty-five inch collar and it requires a belt of fifty-eight inches long to compass his girth of chest.’ - Mr Fred J Steinmetz of Park Rapids was a timber estimator b ’58 – His Jumbo, the pet of the town, died Sept ’04.

Drawing by Mr Harrison Weir of a Mastiff prize-winner at the Pomona Gardens Dog Show - Manchester dd July ’74, probably the best bitch in show Miss Aglionby' Empress - Nichols Quaker’ dau Duchess ex Mr Martorell Lyme dog Sultan -, 3rd prize in Champion class preceded by two dogs, ie 1st prize Mr Octavius Green' ch Monarch, 2nd prize Mr J L Dickinson' ch Briton – Mr Lindoes Druid' dau Una ex ch Turk’ brother Miss Aglionby' Wolf -.


Pomona Gardens, originally Strawberry Gardens, opened in ‘45 by Messrs William & Joseph Beardsley Cornbrook, and became the centre of the Manchester’ leisure time activities. Due to the abundance of horticulture, the name was changed to Pomona Gardens - after the Roman goddess of fruit. People could enjoy everything from a shooting gallery, a billiard room and flying swings to an archery ground, a bowling green and a hedge maze. Buying the gardens in ‘68 for £75,000, Mr Reilly decided indoor entertainment was a must considering the seemingly-constant Manchester rain - and the idea of the Royal Pomona Palace was born. Completed in 1875, it was the jewel in the city’ crown, seating between 20,000 and 30,000 people. It was the biggest concert hall in the country - almost four times bigger than the Royal Albert Hall, which seated just 5,272.

The Sheffield Dog Show dd ’82 took place at the Volunteer Artillery Drill Hall Edmund Road – see at left -. Mr Mark Beaufoy got 1st prizes in both sexes, ie with Mr Mark Beaufoy' ch Pontiff - ch Wolsey' dau Princess ex ch Rajah -, and his kennel mate Mr Beaufoy’ Dinah – Monarch’ dau Norma ex a son of ch The Shah –. Centre - Part of a tableau by the artist Mr John Swain publ in the Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News, depicting Pontiff & Dinah. At right – photograph of ch Pontiff publ in Dr J S Turner’ The Dog Encyclopaedia. Other Sheffield ’82 results – in dogs - 2nd Mr Edwin Nichols' Bosco II b 80 bred by Mrs Lee – Sybil ex ch The Emperor -, and 3rd Chief Justice bred/owned – Mr Greens ch Monarch’ dau Gwendolen ex ch Cardinal -; in bitches - 2nd Dr F L Winslow’ Crown Princess - ch Turk’ dau Juno ex ch Wolsey – formerly owned by Fred Banbury – Baron, 3rd Mr W K Taunton’ Nell III, sis of Chief Justice, Special for best brindle.

At left – ‘The Mastiff and the Hen' – The Intruder, The Combat and the Deliverance - drawn by Mr Harrison Weir and published in an illustrated American newspaper and art journal dd 1885. After reports about a cat suckling Mastiff puppies and a hen brooding over Foxhound puppies, it here goes about a scene at Stapleford Hall - see at right - Tarvin Cheshire, residence of Mr John Lea, farmer.   Quote – ‘In the farm yard is a Mastiff dog, which is always chained up on account of its ferocity! Some time ago a hen took a fancy to the dog' kennel and laid a number of eggs', &c.

At right - Sterling Silver Dog Show Trinket Tray- sold in ’19 at £375 - produced to commemorate the ‘36 National Dog Show in Birmingham and   manufactured by Birmingham Guild of Handicraft Ltd which was an Arts and Crafts organisation operating in Birmingham. Its motto was 'By Hammer and Hand'. The tray is fully hallmarked with the date letter ‘M’ for ’36, B G H - manufacturers mark -, anchor – Birmingham -, lion - 925 sterling mark -, ie 92.5% pure silver and the rest usually copper or some other alloy.. Present auction value in good condition ca £350/400. Note - 99% pure silver is not hard enough to be suitable for a jewelry metal. – At this National Dog Show in Birmingham dd ‘36 Mastiffs were judged by Dr Aubrey Ireland - cc’s Mr Fred Webb’ Kinder Monarch by ch Hellingly Ajax, res cc ch Havengore Christopher, in bitches cc ch Havengore Bill’ dau Hermia, res cc ch Uther Penarvon’ dau ch Petronella.

The centre of the tray depicts ‘Brompton Duke’ born ’10 and bred by Cleveland breeder Mr George Cook – Adam’ dau Felica ex the reddish Cleveland Leopold -. Duke was an Old English Mastiff champion with much historical breeding interest. He won the Birmingham ’13 cc under Mr A J Thorpe who awarded 2nd & 3rd prizes to Lt-Col Z Walker’ twin Grand Duke & Lord of the British Isles. The same year the Evening News London booked a cinema for several prize winning dogs, including Brompton Duke, to see how they reacted to a motion picture. Predictably the dogs initially wanted to get to the screen, however it is said that they quickly realised it was a film!

At left – photograph taken around the time ch Brompton Duke made his show career. In the subtitle Mr Douglas Oliff says – ‘The child was a gamekeeper’ daughter and two dogs supposed to have been bullmastiffs.’ – The term ‘Bull-Mastiff’ can be found in newspapers back to the 1830s. The reference to dogs owned by a gamekeeper might be misleading as there are a number of adverts of the 1870s which mention Mastiffs put up for sale by gamekeepers, ie – 1) To be sold a thorough-bred English Mastiff, fawn colour, black muzzle, age 18 months. Apply Robert Cocker Gamekeeper Calver – Peak District. – 2) March ‘ 70 - English Mastiff pups, pure bred. Apply to T Garland Gamekeeper Esslemont Ellon nr Aberdeen. - 3) April ‘75 - A thorough-bred English Mastiff. Apply to gamekeeper, Walton Hall Wakefield nr Leeds. –


Note – In those days Walton Hall was the residence of Sir Charles Mordaunt who bought it after the bankruptcy dd ’70 of Mr Edmund Waterton ’30-87, the heir of the reowned naturalist and traveller Mr Charles Waterton 1782-65 who made his ancestral home Walton Hall into the world' first wildfowl and nature reserve.

At right - Spratts Patent’ advert published by the Illustrated Kennel News in the early years of the XXth C, drawn by the artist Richard Hewitt Moore - author of the correct OEMC head type as well -. It may give an idea of the typical expression of the pre-recognition B-M breed as also shown two decades later by Tiger Torus, acc to breed connoisseur Mr Jack Barnard - ‘one of the finest night dogs that ever lived‘ -, and the one who sired the first breed champion Tiger Prince. - W/out further info, the pair of dogs in the photograph are still difficult to assess but, given 1) the lack of photographs of pre-recognition Bull-Mastiffs of similar shape, and - even taking into account goggle eyes -, 2) their 3D size & likeness to contemporary Mastiffs, guessing the pair tends toward the latter breed.

At left - photo of ch Wayside The Devil b April ’73 at the LKA Nov ‘76 where Blackroc breeder Mr Bill Hanson awarded him the cc & BOB - res cc ch Buckhall Master Sirius, the bitch cc went to Medicine Man’ dam ch Hollesley Devil Dancer – res cc Oxhaege Thorkel' younger sis O- Sigrid -. Centre & at right – Forefoot Prince of Darkness, the first of six Devil’ champion children.

Born ’74 and bred by the Cowes out of Buckhall Baron Wolsey’ dau Remargar Nina, was made up after three cc’s in a row, ie under Mr D Oliff, and the Mrs M Anderson, E Harrild; followed by cc’s under Mrs P Greenwell, Miss Blackstone, Mr P Whitaker, and finally Mrs Pamela Day at Crufts ’78 – res cc ch Hollesley Dare Devil. Ch Prince of Darkness sired ch Forefoot Prince Igor & ch Forefoot King Kong, and grandsired ch Bredwardine Beau Ideal, ch Darkling Casper, and ch Faerdorn Big Daddy.


Here at left - photo of ch Eddington Saraband at the Midland Counties Show Nov '76 where Hollesley breeder Mrs Pamela Day wrote about her - 'She is a lovely big bitch with beautiful head and mask. Little straight behind and carrying plenty of flesh which made her tend to look over-bodied.’ - Saraband b Sept ’74 bred by Lady Fermoy – Rhosnessey Nimrod’ dau Rhosnessey Melisia ex ch Copenore Friar’ son Shute President -.

At left & centre – Lesdon The Lord Alexander b Oct ’74 bred by Mr/Mrs Denis & Betty Baxter – ch Copenore Friar’ dau Shute Alice ex ch Havengore Balint’ grandson Farnaby Lucky Attempt -. The Lord Alexander, reportedly, - 'when he was a puppy he broke his hind leg, a so-called greenstick facture and it set with his lower leg at an angle'. - 3rd fr left – his daughter ch Jilgrajon Rebecca West out of Inniscorrig Arthur Crown’ dau ch Jilgrajon Lady Victoria.

At right – Rebecca West’ brother Mr D Oliff’ Jilgrajon Tom Bowling. The Hicks family' ch Rebecca West got cc’s under Mrs Marie Antoinette Moore – res cc ch Hollesley Rowella -, Mr Douglas Oliff – res cc Glynpedr Misty Moondrops -, and Miss Barbara Blackstone – res cc ch Bulliff Petrina.

Here at left – Shute Alice b March ’69 – out of Buckhall Baron Wolsey’ sis B- Fiona sired by ch Copenore Friar -. After a long show career, she collected two cc's and seven reserve cc’s.

At left – Hard to tell if the show included any Mastiff classes. Around that time the Toronto gentleman Mr Howard had two Mastiffs named Bismarck & von Moltke b ‘90, and Mastiff breeder Mr Chas A Lougest was probably the then most active show runner and possibly he also travelled the 500+ miles from Boston to Toronto, taking into account American breed fanciers within relatively short distance of Toronto, a/o Mr James Warham Whitney of Rochester NY, owner of Cardinal Beaufort b ’89.

Centre - Paula b Sept ’00 bred by Mr A W Lucas – Joan’ dau Lyndhurst Jenny ex Tom Bowling’ son Invicta -, dam of ch Countess Invicta, and granddam of ch Lord of The Manor & Dowager Duchess which, mated to ch Peter Piper' grandson Sir Kenneth, produced ch Britain' Queen & ch Britain' Belle. Paula was exported to Mr Forest John Martin , a lawyer of Bangor – Maine. - At right – Article by Mr Chas H Mason publ dd 15th May '05 in Vol X No 10 with a front cover photograph of Mr F J Martin' Paula, standing in lateral view.


Here at left – Drawing by Hugo Olof von Hofsten ‘65-47, born to an aristocratic family in Karlskoga Varmland Sweden. He trained at the Royal Academy in Stockholm, immigrated to NY City in ‘85 where he worked as an illustrator on The Graphic, and moved to Chicago in ‘93 to do illustrations for The Evening Post, The Journal, and The Tribune. In 1895 he headed the illustration department for The Times Herald.

At left – ch Ileden Volo b '29 – ch H- Joseph’ dau Hellingly Honor ex ch Cleveland Premier - bred/owned by Mrs Lilian Woods. She bred from Volo a litter born ca May ‘31, but unfortunately dd Dec ‘31 Mr Hawkings reported in Our Dogs’ Mastiff Mems -

'We sympathise with Mrs L Woods in the complete loss of what we understand was a remarkable litter. The puppies had been reared to the age of seven months, with a view to showing them all, when distemper took its toll.'

At right - About a year later the cover of the special issue of The Field celebrated the introduction of dog distemper vaccines. ‘Saving the lives of our dogs’. The 19th and early 20th centuries, distemper had plagued Britain’ dogs and especially ravaged one of the countryside’ most cherished symbols and assets – the Foxhound. 

Dr Victor Horsley, surgeon and superintendent of the Brown Animal Sanatory Institute, observed in ‘89 that ‘of all diseases, the commonest and the most injurious of the dog is distemper’. Spurred by this threat, in ‘23 The Field’s editor, Sir Theodore Cook, established the Field Distemper Fund. With the support of Sir Frederick Hobday, editor of the Veterinary Journal, and steered by a select group of landed patricians, the fund raised donations to underwrite an ambitious research programme. Leading microbiological researchers at the London Medical Research Council’ National Institute were engaged to undertake the work. Within a decade success was declared; not only had an effective vaccine beenproduced, it had also been commercialized, trialled and marketed by the Burroughs Wellcome Co at Beckenham Kent. In the 1930s this success story became iconic, demonstrating of the value of targeted research in state laboratories and public support for such ventures.

It was reported that Bloodhounds, extremely difficult to rear as puppies, were especially subject to the direct form of distemper and which they seldom got over. In Mastiffs there were a number of historical examples, a/o 1) dd '65 - ‘I will only add that No 343 (Druid), another dog belonging to the H R H The Prince of Wales, and a very fine animal, 8 months old, was apparently suffering from distemper. Both eyes were choked up with mucus, and I should think that his keepers were hardly prudent in bringing him in that condition to such a place.’ -, 2) dd ‘11 – ‘I was sorry to hear of the death of Mr Arthur H W Taylor' Old English Mastiff bitch through distemper. She had grown a very huge specimen and had a big future before her; but alas, it was not to be.’ -.

It goes about Mr Arthur Hayter Wilmslow Taylor, caterer of the Old Red House 8/9 New Bond Street Bath - see at left 1770 -, and President of the the Bath and District Fanciers' Association. He must have had bad luck with the breed as the Bath Chronicle dd Nov ’12 says - 'Fellow fanciers of dogs will sympathise with Mr Arthur Taylor suffering the death his fine Mastiff Tiras, from pneumonia. It was a very valuable animal.'-

At left – dd '11 The officials of Kimberley Kennel Club, including the Englishman Mr John James Holgate '62-35 appointed to judge the Great Dane Classes. Mr 'Jack' Holgate of Southboro kennels The Hook Surbiton - later on Southboro House St Wilfrids road Bessacarr nr Doncaster, was a highly esteemed International judge and one of the writing authorities of ‘Our Dogs’, that under the pen name Victrix. The Kimberley Kennel Club was founded in ’03, the year it held its first show with an entry of 270 dogs. Mr John James Holgate judged the Mastiff breed three times at cc level, ie SKC ’27 – cc Mr Greenwood’ ch Duke, bitch cc not awarded, Richmond ’28 – Mr Liddell’ Adonis & Mr Bob Thomas’ ch Menai Yosemite, SKC ’31 – cc’s Mr J G Joice’ ch Arolite & the Olivers’ ch Hellingly Joy-. - At right dd ‘11 part of a group South African fanciers & their dogs, amongst them ear-cropped fawn Great Danes, but arguably also a couple of fawn Mastiffs (one lying down) imported from Great-Britain.

From the Stock-Keeper dd June ’97 - article by Mr Charles Court Rice preparing his emigration to Australia. His Australian friend Mr Walter Beilby authored ‘The Dog inAustralasia’ publ ’97. Mr Shearer Clark’ Queen of Scots – ch Maximilian’ sis Queen Liberty ex ch Crown Prince’ brother ch Prince Regent -. Ch Socrates b April ’88 was about the only Mastiff sold by breeder Lt-Col Z Walker, ie dd May ’89 to Mr Walter Goodall George Slade b '54 of Kemnal Burke road  Camberwell nr Melbourne. He was the son of Mr Adolphus Frederick Slade ’04-75, stock broker of Kemnal Manor Chislehurst nr London. In ’94 Mr Slade sold ch Socrates to Mr Alfred Cornwell. Ch Frigga Secunda' elder brother Iddesleigh b Aug '89 was shown at the OEMC First Exhibition at Crystal Palace Aug '90 together with his littermates The Prophet & Cardinal Beaufort - see here at left -, the latter as youngster and at a cost of $2500 purchased by the American fancier Mr James Whitney of Flour City kennels Rochester NY. About the same time Iddlesleigh went to Australia, imported by a ‘Mr J Hands’ and got in ‘93 a 1st prize at the Temperance Hall - Melbourne. Iddesleigh may refer to the eponymous Devon village ca ten miles from Mrs Betty Baxter’ living place Four Ways Eggesford, or ‘Lord Iddesleigh’ who died in ’87, or Colonel J T North’ famous racehorse Iddesleigh b ’86, &c. – At right – part of a group photograph dd ’13 on the occasion of the South Australian Pomeranian Dog Show, and amongst them Mr Charles Court Rice.

At left – the fawn Eldees Duke & the brindle Black Peter. Centre - From the Stock-Keeper dd April ’97 - report about Rotterdam judged by Mr Tom Ashton - see at right - of Meersbrook kennels Sheffield, later of Vinery House Cardigan lane Leeds. Mr E P Meyer sold his Hollands Black Boy - bred by Mr Dobbelman - to Mr Luke Crabtree of Lea Grange nr Manchester. Eldees Duke b ‘94 bred by Mr L Dobbelman – Maid of The Wye ex ch Minting' paternal nephew Rotterdam Max -.

His sis Eldees Duchess produced the brindle Selina which, mated to ch Marc Antony, which gave Black Anthony sold to Robert Leadbetter of Hazlemere Park, and won two challenge certificates, ie at Birmingham under Mr Fred Gresham & at Crufts under Mr A J Thorpe. Black Antony’ breeder 'Mr A Koldewijn' may have been Mr Andries (Gerrit) Koldewijn ’76-24 of Apeldoorn, son of Mr Derk Koldewijn who together with his nephew Teunis Koldewijn founded ‘D & T Koldewijn' - manufacturers of paper products.

From the Stock-Keeper dd Feb ’97 - report about Manchester Judged by Mr Luke Crabtree ’58-37 – Victorian romanticized portrait in the centre – of Lea Grange Blackley nr Manchester. He was the head of ‘Messrs J and J Thompson Ltd, wholesale and retail chemists and drysalters at Oldham. Quote from a two full-paged article published in Our Dogs Xmas number dd '02 – ‘Now strong in the national breed the Bulldog, but his first love was the Old English Mastiff. His first was Queen bought from Mr Miller of Dundee. Then he owned two ch His Majesty King Canute’ sons, ie King Bruce & Clement, the latter sold to Mr Jas Taylor for importation to Dr Frank Perry of Ashmont kennels US, ch Plutarch’ brother Lord Clive bred by Captain Piddocke, ch Orlando’ son ch Count Orlando (the best Mastiff he ever owned) - ed – bred by Mr R Cook and transferred successively to Messrs A W Lucas & A Dante Sutcliffe -, ch Hollands Black Boy and later ch Marc Antony’ son Blondin – see at left -, the murderer of the famous Bulldog ch Boomerang.’ –

Ch Count Orlando b May ‘86 got challenge awards at Glasgow ’89, Liverpool '90, , Leeds '90, Southport '91 and Leeds '92. A report about ch Count Orlando said – ‘one of the most symmetrical dogs in the country, good in head and colour.' -, whereas those of Messrs Wm George Weager at Warwick ‘88 and Mark Beaufoy at Manchester '91 sounded less flattering - ‘A poor specimen, weak tapering muzzle, light in eye, coarse in the ears, short in couplings, straight in hocks, not good on the legs.’ -

 Mr Luke Crabtee’ brood Marton Beauty was sired by Blondin’ brother Prince Hampton; the article describes her as – ‘A big, strong, and healthy fawn with a good body, legs and feet, and a free mover’. She got res cc’s at Liverpool ’01 under Mr A J Thorpe – cc Lyndhurst Rose, dam of ch Hazlemere Archie & ch Czar Peter, and at Darlington ’03 under Mr Hall Walker – cc Mr Leadbetter’ Lady Georgina bred by Monsieur Duch out of unregistered parents. - Mated to his ch Hollands Black Boy’ son Moston Black, she produced Mr Thomas Garwood’ Lady Ina b ’02, res cc at Crufts ’05 under Mr John O’ Connell – cc Mr Robt Leadbetter’ Lady Georgina b ’99 bred by Monsier Duch – Diana unr ex Beaufort unr -. Mr Garwood also owned Sam b ’08 & bred by Mr Arthur Mott – Nuneaton Hector’ dau Pinxton Pride ex Black Prince’ son Adam -.

Sir Antony, brother of Mr Robt Leadbetter' ch Marksman. Mr A Dante Sutcliffe' pair Lex & Bellerina b Dec '93 & bred by Captain Piddocke – ch Beaufort’ dau Lady Dudley ex Tom Bowling' son Iron Duke -. Cleveland Duke b ’93 bred/owned by Mr Wm Price – Lady Constance ex ch Hotspur’ son Alfgar -. Mr A W Lucas’ Princess Staffordia b ’92 bred by Mr J S Cockerton – ch Jack Thyr’ dau Amalaswintha ex ch Lord Stafford -, not long after this show purchased by Mr Wm Shearer Clark who adverted her in the IKN dd Aug ‘97 'Princess Staffordia has last visited Leyton Jim, also a popular winner’, &c, but seemingly w/out any result.

Ch Peter Piper’ brother Leyton Jim got at Dundee Canine Club’ Kinnaid Hall show dd ‘97 with over 600 entries, the special of ‘best dog in the show' mentioning - 'a grand Mastiff, good in almost every pont'. -. Honour, sis of ch Ha Ha – Stella III ex ch Plutarch’ son Dynevor -. Mr Henry Wilkinson’ Lady Thyr b ’89 bred by Mr R Cook – ch Beaufort’ Lady Cobrey ex ch Jack Thyr -. McKrill’ Stafford Belle b ’92 bred/owned by Mr Mr Fred McKrill – ch Ilford Chancellor’ dau Bella ex ch Lord Stafford -. Mr Fitch Mason’ Wallenstein b ’90 bred by Mr Harry Ralph – Commodore’dau Juno ex ch Hotspur -; Wallenstein’ brindle grandsire Mr Taunton’ Commodore was reportedly – ‘Grand in colour, head and bone, but as he is very low and lumpy, and showed himself very badly.’ -

At right - His younger brother Mr Sam Crabtree ’61-44 of Bulldog kennels Failsworth nr Manchester, Our Dogs’ Mastiff corespondent who judged Mastiffs up to ’39.

From the Stock-Keeper dd Feb ’97 - report about Crufts judged by Mr Fred Gresham born '38 Chicksands Lodge farm Biggleswade Beds, the youngest son of Mr Robert Gresham Esq, confidential agent to Sir George Osborn - Bart. Quote by Mr Chas Lane – ‘When I first knew Mr Gresham he was residing at Shefford Bedfords, where he kept a large establishment, did a good deal of hunting with the neighbouring packs, and kept a large kennel of St Bernards with which he was almost invincible at the shows in those days.’ –


Mr Deetman’ pair ch Marc Antony & Maid of The Wye (dam of Am ch Black Peter & ch Hollands Black Boy) aside, all Mastiffs were put up for sale, ie Mr Robert J Burch - Ayrshire' daughter The Squaw b ‘92 £10, Mrs Elizabeth Cunlife Lee – ch Ogilvie' daughter Coquette £15, Mr John E White’ Edgworth Hero b ’92 £21 & Jack Beaufort b '92 £50, Bywater kennels - Baron Hotspur b '95 £26, Stella III b ‘91 £31 & Hidalgo b '94 £500, Mr Gerbrand Deetman – ch Black Peter' sis Nelly £50, Mr Louis Dobbelman - Eldees Duchess b '94 £75 & Black Peter b ‘95 £200, Mr A W Lucas’ brindles Tom Bowling b '91 £95 & ‘the light eyed’ Pretty Correct b ’95 - Sir Stafford' dau Di Vernon ex Jonathan' brother Premier - £105, the latter purchased by the Dutchman O Z Van Sandwick, Cynophylia Secretary, together with Naomi & ch Marcella, Mr Fred McKrill – ch Marc Antony' dam Stafford Belle b ‘92 £250, Mr Joseph Royle’ - Peter Piper b '93 & his daughter Lady Piper b ’95 £5000 each.

From the Stock-Keeper dd Jan ’97 - report about Liverpool judged by ch Marksman' breeder Mr Thomas Henry Wilkinson b ’67 of 43 Albert Road Appleton Widnes, and arguably a shopkeeper there. Mr Henry Clay’ Norman King b May '95 bred by Mr B Thompson - Clapham Niobe ex Iron Duke’ son Lex -, the latter reportedly - ‘a cobby screwtailed semi-Bulldog looking animal’ -, which sired a litter out of the judge Mr Wilkinson’ Lady Constable.

Mr Clay, a goldbeater of 36 Slater Street - here at left - Riverside Liverpool, regularly judged the breed at championships and owned a/o ch Montgomery’ huge son Kaiser Frederick b ‘87 which grandsired Mr C C Rice' stud Ethelred - see at right - by Iron Duke, and double great-grandsired ch Hazlemere Archie & ch Czar Peter. - Lord Stanley, brother of ch Marksman. - May King b May '93 bred by Hon Mr Wm H Watts – Napoleon’ dau Polly ex ch Montgomery’ son Kaiser Frederick -. - Aunt Chloe b Jan '96 bred by Hon Mr Wm H Watts – King Dathi’ dau Princess May ex ch Marc Antony -.


Here at left – Mr Henry Clay’ home 36 Slater Street Riverside Liverpool - Grade II listed on the National Heritage List for England. Terrace house of late C18 or early C19. Brick with stone dressings, slate roof. Built in Flemish bond. Three storeys high with a basement and two bays wide. Round-headed recessed doorway.

From the Stock-Keeper dd Dec ‘97 - report about Birmingham judged by Mr Chas C Rice. Mr A J Thorpe’ ch Marksman & Mr T Laws’ Lord Stanley b June ‘96 bred by Mr Henry Wilkinson – ch Constable’ dau Lady Constable ex ch Marc Antony -. Newlands Alice aka ch Marcella b May ’95 bred by Mr J S Hopkins – ch Plutarch’ dau Honeysuckle ex ch Marc Antony -. Ma Ma, typo for ch Ha Ha – see at right -, b ‘Sept ’94 bred by Mr Wm N Higgs – Tom Bowling’ sis Stella III ex Sir Stafford’ son Dynevor -. Baron Hotspur bred by Mr A Barnes – Jonathan’ sis Joan ex ch Plutarch’ son Hidalgo -. Bywater Betty bred by A Barnes – Joan ex ch Beaufort’ Black Prince -. Ch Peter Piper won the silver cup for the best St Bernard or Mastiff offered by the brewers of Birmingham, the most prominent one was Joseph Ansell & Sons Ltd brewery, est ’58 - Aston nr Birmingham, then valued at over £750,000 and including 388 licensed houses.

Dd ‘84/85 Herr Max Hartenstein, banker of Plavia, imported Mastiffs, ie Boatswain – see at left - b '82 bred by Mr Mark Beaufoy - ch Crown Prince' sis Princess Royal -, and ch Orlando & ch Hotspur’ sis Guinevere b '83 Bred by Dr J Sidnet Turner – ch Rajah’ dau The Lady Rowena ex ch Crown Prince -. The Kennel Club Stud Books for the show year ‘86 mention an example of international cooperation ~ ‘Boatswain [17,311] – Mr Max Hartenstein’s , care of Mr Joseph Evans, of 138 Salisbury-court London’,– 2nd prize at Frome – 1st Mr J Evans Dora – ch Cambrian Princess’ sis Dorothy ex ch Crown Prince’ brother Prince Charlie -.‘ - Centre - 1st prize dogs at Frankfurt am Main ’91 Bruce, owned by Herr W Dreves of Braunschweig. - At right – 1st prize bitches at Frankfurt am Main ’91 the lengthy Prinzess, owned by Herr O Kiesewetter of Arnstadt. Unfortunately no further details are given. One only can guess she was born in the 1880s and arguably a) imported from England, or b) given the name Prinzess, bred in Germany and related to Herr Hartenstein’ imports Boatswain & Guinevere.

Boatswain’ caretaker Mr Joseph Evans, of ‘Boehmer, Evans & Co' * boot and shoe manufacturers & merchants, bred Moses b Feb ‘82 - The Shah' dau Linda ex ch The Emperor -. Moses’ prizes - '83 ~1st Gloucester, ‘84 ~ 4th Crystal Palace January, 1st Darlington, 2nd Warwick, 1st Maidstone, 2nd Crystal Palace July, 1st Dorchester, 2nd Cardiff. Other Mastiffs in Mr Evans’ kennels were a/o ch The Emperor, Brahma b ’83 – ch Cardinal’ dau Zulu Empress ex ch Crown Prince’ son Fidelis -, and ch Orlando’ sis Elaine.

* Messieurs Julius Edwin Boehmer, Joseph Evans, Albert Herz, and William Henry Linnell, carrying on the business of Boot and Shoe Merchants at Bowmans-buildings 159a Aldersgate-street, in the city of London, under the style or firm of Boehmer, Evans, and Co.

Moses’ engraving - see at left including portrait of the Belgian artist Louis Vander Snickt ‘37-11 -. He was chief editor of the weekly magazine ‘Chasse et Pêche’ and former manager of the Zoölogical Gardens of Ghent & Düsseldorf. He had ample experience in breeding and was an excellent observer.The articles he published and illustrated in ‘Chasse et Pêche’ edited by F Vanbuggenhoudt, are very instructive and pleasant to read. Several volumes would not be enough to enumerate the services rendered to breeding by this untiring and alert spirit’ sic Louis Huyghebaert, significant figure of the Belgian shepherd breed, the Malinois.

From the Stock-Keeper dd Oct ‘97 - report about the KC Crystal Palace judged by the famous St Bernard breeder Mr Joseph Frederick Smith '46-15 - see at left -, timber merchant of Norfolk lodge Park Grange Road Sheffield. - Ch Marcella’ maternal uncle Hidalgo b March ‘93 bred/owned by Wm N Higgs - Tom Bowling' sis Stella III ex Captain Piddocke' ch Plutarch -, Hidalgo’ son Baron Hotspur b Sept ‘95 bred by Mr Barnes out of Joan.

Elfrida & ch Elgiva b ’95 - Dick Constable' dau Silverdale Lady Evelyn ex Iron Duke’ son Ethelred -, Lady Piper b ’95 - Stalybridge Lena ex ch Peter Piper -, Riverside Kathleen b '94 bred/owned by Mr W K Taunton – ch Constable’ ‘light boned brindle’ dau Carshalton Alice ex ch Beaufort' son Thurlow -. Novice 2nd was Baron Hotspur’ sis Leumas Stella owned by Mr Wm Norman Higgs’ younger brother Mr   Charles Samuel Barber Higgs ’70-64 of the solicitors’ firm ‘Higgs & Warris’ – 93 High Street Epsom, and 3rd her sis Black Princess owned by Mr Albert Barnes of Bywater kennels. - Centre - Stalybridge Lena, at right - her daughter Lady Piper by ch Peter Piper.

From the Stock-Keeper dd Aug ’97 – report about Liverpool judged by Mr A J Thorpe. Elgiva bred by Lady Lena ex Iron Duke' son Ethelred -; ‘the bit light in bone and body’ Baron Hotspur b Sept ‘95 bred by Mr Barnes – Joan ex ch Marcella’ maternal uncle Hidalgo -, the latter being 'just on the coarse side' -; Gladys, sis of Am ch Black Peter & ch Hollands Black Boy; Maid of the Wye, dam of Gladys, Am ch Black Peter & ch Hollands Black Boy; The Cadet, brother of ch Marcella; ‘the bit undersized' Leyton Jim – see at right -, brother of ch Peter Piper; Lord Stanley, brother of ch Marksman; Stella III, sis of Tom Bowling; Stafford Belle, dam of ch Marc Antony.

From the Stock-Keeper dd Aug ’97 about Darlington judged by Mr Wm N Higgs. - Ch Marksman’ brothers Mr T Lowe’ Lord Stanley & Mr R T E Jones’Excelsior, b June ‘96 bred by Mr Henry Wilkinson – ch Constable' dau Lady Constable ex ch Marc Antony -, the Maidstone report dd June ’97 says – ‘1st prize winner Excelsior was shown too fat, could do with a shorter face, scores in limbs and body.’ – owned by Mr Reginald Theophilus Edward Jones.

Mr R T E Jones b '73 Newport Wales, was an auctioneer and valuer of High Risby Scunthorpe nr Hull; The Cadet, brother of ch Marcella; Stafford Belle - see at right - b July ’92 bred by Mr Fred McKrill, of 4 Maple street Cheetham nr Manchester – ch Ilford Chancellor’ dau Belle ex ch Beaufort’ son ch Lord Stafford - At thirteen months old, Stafford Belle was mated to Rev Van Doornes Orlando II’ son ch Ogilvie, and produced ch Marc Antony; Naomi b Nov '95 bred by Mr T H Wilkinson - Lady Constable ex Iron Duke’ son Lex – purchased by Mr O Z Van Sandwick Holland; Mr Wm Price' Cleveland Duke – Lady Constance ex ch Hotspur' son Alfgar -; Rev F W de Castro’ Petrarch b '95 bred by Mr A W Lucas – Sir Stafford’ dau Di Vernon ex Jonathan’ brother Premier -.

From the Stock-Keeper dd July ‘97 about the ‘right stuff’ and Mr Hellewell. Amongst his Mastiff judgings were – at Stourbridge ’89 1st prize Mr Luke Crabtree’ ch Count Orlando b '86 bred by Mr Richard Cook – Mr Twinings Turk’ dau Idalia ex ch Orlando – see at left -, 2nd ch Lord Stafford, at Ebbw Vale ‘88 1st Mr Hutchings’ ch Admiral, and at Matlock Bath ‘90 – 1st prize at Mr Luke Crabtree’ ch Count Orlando, 2nd Kaiser Frederick by ch Montgomery.. - Ch Crown Prince’ paternal grandson ch Ilford Chancellor – see at right - was ch Count Orlando’ maternal cousin. 

Here at left – Head study of ch Orlando and ch Ilford Chancellor’ son Ingleside Maximilian.Quote by Mr Chas H Lane – ‘He was in great request as one of the professional judges, and in that capacity officiated at most of the provincial Shows in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Isle of Man, and the Continent. There were few, if any, better all-round judges of dogs than he, and seldom, if ever, were his judgments called in question. His genial disposition, pleasant, unassuming manners, and fund of humour and anecdote, made him universally popular with all classes of Doggy People, amongst whom he owned troops of friends. Born amidst humble surroundings, he had at an early age to shift for himself, and by indomitable perseverance, industry, and straightforward dealing, he succeeded in raising himself to the respectable position in the Doggy World.’ 

In the early 1870s dog shows at this time were of a very primitive nature. There were no dog benches at shows to begin with, the dogs being just tethered to stakes round the field at agricultural shows.The judges were few and not very experienced. Two of these judges, who, by reason of their judging all breeds that came before them, were called all-round judges. Their names were Mr Lort, a great Gundog man, and Mr ‘Yorkshire George’ Hellewell.' -

At left - From the Stock-Keeper dd June '97 report about Edgworth show nr Bolton judged by Wm N Higgs. Mr A J Thorpe’ ch Marc Antony b Nov ’93 bred by Mr Fred Mc Krill’ ch Lord Stafford Belle’ dau Stafford Belle ex ch Ogilvie -. Below at left Am ch Black Peter’ brother ch Hollands Black Boy. - Centre dd July ’97 ‘S(ch)ap(pe) Shots from Holland’ by the Stock-Keepers correspondent about the Nijmegen show held by the Nimrod Society. The English Mastiff judge in question was Mr Lacey Phillips Capewell Astley – see at right - ’54-18, of the firm ‘Astley and Jolly’

- Breeders Exhibitors and Dealers in Live Stock Cheadle Chester, and married in the USA Miss Elizabeth Hannah Brecknell. Mr Astley, born Dudley Staffs, was originally a chemist but for the last thirty years has devoted himself to doggy affairs. He has represented, at one time or another, the Field, Stock-keeper, and Fancier's Gazette, and is now on the staff of the Illustrated Kennel News. He has often judged at Continental, and three times at American dog shows, a/o at Madison Garden. - 

Ch Marc Antony was justly beforehand purchased from Mr A J Thorpe by Mr Gerbrand Deetman, who refused to accept the 2nd prize and wrote a letter to the Nederlandsche Jager newspaper, giving the reasons of his conduct. He says he asked the judge what he did not like in the dog and the judge replied – ‘Your dog is flat-sided, tight skinned and has a sour expression.’ -   Capital was also made out of the fact that the winning dog (ed – Mr Dobbelmann' Black Peter) was led by a countryman of the judge, who btw stated he had never seen, much less spoken to Mr Higgs in his life before he was introduced in the ring, and that he had only seen Black Peter once before (and then he was far from fit). – ‘I certainly did not know him in the ring, so much has he improved, and being led out by a stranger.’ – Black Peter’ breeder/owner, the Dutch tobacco and cigar manufacturer Mr Louis Dobbelmann who had a/o a filial at London’ Leadenhall Street near the East India Company.

From the Stock-Keeper dd 6th Aug ‘97 – Mr Astley, the judge of the Rotterdam show July ’97, reveals the countryman referred to by Mr Deetman was Mr Higgs. The ‘Black Prince' is, of course, 'Black Peter'. -

Centre - Photograph publ in booklet ‘Louis Dobbelmann 1837-1901 Yankee en Rotterdammer’ which shows the Dobbelmann family - Louis and his children Minnie b ‘70, Lou b '72 and Lien b '76 -, including an unknown person standing behind white dressed Lien. The book was authored by Mr Louis Dobbelmann’ granddaughter Mrs Liesbeth Wezelaar-Dobbelmann ’17-03, renowned sculptor and medallist.

This photograph is, reportedly, taken Summer ’97 when the Rotterdam show took place which caused a wee riot regarding Mr L P C Astley’ Mastiff judging. Given the fact Mr Higgs, most probably the well-known breed fancier Mr Wm N Higgs, handled Black Peter bred/owned by Louis Dobbelmann, it’s obvious both tradesmen were befriended. So, the unknown person in the group photograph might have been Mr Wm N Higgs b '67 visiting the Dobbelmanns at their Rotterdam’ home. Mr Wm N Higgs’ was the late Mrs Betty Baxter’ grand-uncle in law. 

At right – for comparison Mr Wm N Higgs’ father Mr William Alpheus Higgs ’38-89, Sheriff of London and wholesale tea dealer at 39 High Street London – see here at right –.

The Stock-Keeper July ’97 reported – ‘The well-known Dutch exhibitor, Mr Louis Dobbelmann, is offering for sale his grand team of Mastiffs. The reason for the dogs being on the market is owing to their owner having decided to give his whole time to Borzois. All are winners and two won all they were asked to do at Crufts this year.’ – An additional reason might have been the shortly before drawn-out commotion about Mr Astley’ judging at Rotterdam.

Centre- Article published in Our Dogs Xmas Number ’97 - on the cover Mr Louis Dobbelmann’ portrait surrounded by flowers in Art Deco style - about Our Dogs' head editor Mr Theo Marples visiting Mr Dobbelmann and his Eldee kennel of 30+ dogs of different breeds. The grand Jubilee commemoration open dog show Dec ‘97 was organised by the Ladies Kennel Associaton in aid of the Prince of Wales' Hospital Fund. - At right – Another photograph taken at Mr Dobbelmann’ farm ‘Keizershof' outside Rotterdam city and depicting a/o Mr Louis Dobbelmann’ son Lou with a Great Dane and a Mastiff, perhaps Am ch Black Peter & ch Hollands Black.Boy’ maternal half sis Eldees Duchess described by Mr Gresham as – ‘a very fine animal, somewhat spoilt by light eyes and large ears.' -

Mr Louis Dobbelmann emigrated in 1860 to the States and moved in with his nephew Mr Ambros Hoener of Waterloo Illinois; a year later he became an Illinois Volunteer getting his training at Camp Butler nr Springfield Ills. He fought several battles in the Civil War, ie at Donelson Feb ‘62, at Shiloh and Pleasant Hill April '62, and finally at Tupelo July ‘64.

After the Civil War he went back to Holland, set up his business and married in ‘69 Maria von Weise who also had emigrated to the States and   lived with her husband Mr Bernard van Greveldt '35-66 at Prairy du Long ca twelve miles from Waterloo. After her husband’ death in '66 she also went back to Holland.

Drawing dd Sept '85 by Mr Richard H Moore. The Mastiff ‘Jumbo' arguably refers to Jumbo VI b July '81 – Bessie ex Dreams -, owned by Exeter resident Mr A Wilson, of ‘Messrs A E Tremlett & A Wilson’ fellmongers at Commercial Road, closeby the river Exe and lined with warehouses, foundries, tanners, many general businesses & tenements. Jumbo VI got 2nd prize at Exeter ’86 behind King Bruce b '82 bred/owned by Mr Luke Crabtree – ch Colonel’ dau Queen ex ch The Shah’ grandson Nevison -. Mr A Wilson bred in ’80 Mr Hutchings’ Digit which, mated to Gwalior’ son Titus, produced the fawn Signor b ’84 exported to Mr Nicolas Corbelin of Rue de Hirondelles Brussels Belgium – co-founder of the newspaper ‘Le Soir’. Mr Wilson’ Jumbo VI might have been related to Mr James Hutchings’ Exeter strain.

At left dd Nov '99 – 19 stone heavyweight ch Kumormai Pride 'N Prejudice b Dec '96 bred by Mrs Elaine Knight – ch Tresylyan Brogan' dau Kumormai Muskateers Lady ex ch Merrowlea Brigadier' son Czaracyna Zelig Warrior -. At right – the St Bernard Benedictine V Schwarzwald Hof of Pierson Grand Rapids Michigan, reportedly weighing 25.5 stone (357 lb). A good thing Guinness Book of Records deleted the title 'World’ Heaviest Dog’ from their list, that for obvious reasons.

Wiki quote – ‘In the early XXc Roger Manners – 5th Earl of Rutland - was proposed as a candidate for the authorship of Shakespeare' literary work in the Shakespearean authorship question. His candidacy was first suggested by Burkhard Herrmann – pseud Peter Alvor - in 1906 who argued that Rutland collaborated with the Earl of Southampton to create the works. Rutland wrote the comedies, the narrative poems and the sonnets. The theory was adopted by other writers, who dropped Southampton as a collaborator. It was most vigorously promoted by the German critic Karl Bleibtreu (1907), and later supported by a number of other authors, including Lewis Frederick Bostelmann (1909), the Belgian politician Célestin Demblon (1912) and the Russian writers Pyotr Sergeevich Porokhovshchikov (1940) and Ilya Gililov (2003).' -

Rev Malcolm Bush Wynne ’52-09 resided at the Rectory West Allington nr Grantham from ’92 together with his wife Mary Alice Butterworth Sunderland, daughter of Mr John Sunderland, J P of Coley Hall nr Halifax, and their three children Abraham Sunderland Bindley Fountayne Peter b ’84, Lillian Georgina Gillian b ’87, and William Henry b ’88.

Articles dd Aug ‘86 by Flemish Rev Hendrik K E Van Doorne ’41-14, a/o about his Vera Sassulitch, sis of Sybil – ch Wolsey’ niece Venus ex Big Ben’ son Hereward - bred/owned by Mrs Cunliffe Lee of Penshurst Kent.

Sybil, mated to ch The Emperor, produced Mr Edwin Nichols’ Bosco II, the latter paternal grandsire of Mr Nichols’ ch Victor Hugo.

Above at left - painting by the artist Richard Quick ’60-39 presenting ch Frigga b ‘86 – Dr J S Turners Cedric The Saxon' dau Gytha II ex ch Orlando - bred/owned by the Reverend - see above at left his portrait at younger age.

Here at right – The Reverend seemingly sympathised with the Russian revolutionary Vera Sassulitch ’51-19 and her resistance to despotism.

Article dd April ’15 about OEMC member Mr Horatio Bottomley - owner of a/o ch Brompton Duke & ch Miss Bull – who launched the John Bull Magazine in ’06; readers were able to subscribe for membership of the 'John Bull League’, an affiliated organisation which was effectively utilised to garner support for a new form of Business Government. - His ch Brompton Duke b July ’10 bred by Cleveland breeder MrGeorge Cook - Adam' dau Felica ex Cleveland Leopold -, was reportedly ‘one of the finest Mastiffs ever bred’ ; Duke died Dec ’17. – At right –A reprint of an original gouache called ‘The Dogs of the Allies’, signed ‘R Ward Binks 1917, and arguably commissioned by Mr Bottomley honouring his ch Brompton Duke.


Sheffield indeed has been the city of many Mastiff enthusiasts, even before the early days of the Kennel Club. Mr Thomas Hampton b ’40-02, engineer of Home Cottage Crabtree Sheffield, owned an Irish bred Mastiff Lion who got at Birmingham 1874 under Mr M B Wynne the 2nd prize – cc ch Taurus -. Around the time of the article, Miss Mabel Dent Hitchings ran the Wantley kennels at Meersbrook Sheffield, and Captain William Douglas Gillies, of Rock Field 23 Brocco Bank Sheffield, owned Mc'Brinmere b ‘11 & bred by Mr A Brookes - ch Hazlemere Ronald' dau Lady Widmere ex Brindle Prince –.

Article dd Aug 1889. - Compared to a weekly wage of £1 earned by labourers averagely, exhibiting dogs at the major shows under KC rules was quite expensive in the 1880s, p ex at the Crystal Palace Kennel Club show dd ‘85 – ‘the entrance fee for each dog is £1; two or more dogs can be entered in the same class for 10s each for all entries after the first.’ - In ‘91, the year Crufts Dog Show provided Mastiff classes for the first time – the entrance fee was halved to 10s for each dog and increased to 12s/6p for each dog in ’21.

Article dd Sept ’04 about the Mastiff of Mr Fred Barrett Lawrence, confectioner aka candymaker of Rosemary road nigh the Marine Parade Clacton on Sea – seaside resort in Essex. - ‘Mrs Ruth Cross was walking along the street with her little boy and dog named ‘Mac’ belonging to her landlady, when the defendant’ huge Mastiff dog ‘Ben’ went for ‘Mac’. A fight occurred, and one of the dogs bit the litte boy in the tigh, drawing blood. – Several witnesses were called to prove that ‘Ben’, a pedigree dog, was as docile as a lamb. ‘Ben’ was introduced to the Court, and to show how quiet he was Mr Prior shook his paw. The Bench were equally divided, but intimated that the defendant must take more care of the dog.’ -

Article dd Aug ‘42 - Bruce was originally owned by Pilot Officer Michael John Mortimer, who was killed on 15 January 1942. His brother the Rev J L Mortimer, who attended the funeral, gave the dog to Wing Commander Kelly, as Night Fighter No 255 Squadron mascot. When the squadron moved to North Africa in November ‘42 the dog was taken on by No 488 Squadron.

Article dd July 1942 about the Mastiff Winston owned by Sir Ernest Jardine ’59-47 – see at left - who took over father' lace machinery business. He had four factories in Nottingham and others in Draycott and Newark, employing some 2,500-3,000 workers in 1907. Another of his factories in Shepton Mallet Somerset, provides the reason for his adoption as a parliamentary candidate in that county. His company exported lace-making machinery to the United States, France and Germany. In 1924, he became the owner of the Bar-Lock Typewriter Company and was chairman of the Trent Navigation Company. – At right dd the 1930s - part of a school poster depicting a series of British dog breeds.

Mastiff type dd 1808 and article dd April 1847 or about the time when the breed was into the hands of nobility, dog dealers as p ex Mr Bill George aside, and rather few breed fanciers like Messrs T H V Lukey and James Wigglesworth Thompson of Southowram nr Halifax. The article tells about a well-to-do Miss Jenny Parker of Herne Grange Steppingley nr Toddington – Bedfords owning not less than eight Mastiffs. She left her legacy to her cousin of Sir Robert Harry Inglis 1786-55. – At right – Steppingley village.

At left – Article dd Dec ’75 about a herd of wild cattle at Lyme Park - Cheshire. - Centre – Wild bull of Cheshire by Thomas Bewick. - At right – Statue in front of Dorfold Hall Nantwich ca forty mls from Lyme Hall. Dorfold Hall was the seat of Captain Wilbraham Spencer Tollemache 1807-90, the insert is a fragment of an article dd Aug '56 about funding the restoration of Nantwich Church, mentioning a/o - ‘a young Lyme Mastiff presented to Mrs Martin by Wilbraham Tollemache, Esq, and priced at £5.’

At left - Cartoon dd June ’99 published in Punch – ‘Why is a Prize Mastiff like two London Cabs? Because he's a Hansom one and a Growler.' - At right – Painting 'Waiting for Master' dd ’86 by David George Steell   ’56-30 depicting Scottish Deerhound, Fox Terrier with horse and cart.


Newspaper clips - 1) ‘Mr Arthur Crookes Reed b ’58 has purchased the Mastiff that took 1st prize at the last Harrogate show. He takes her to Launceston Tasmania, sailing on the 10th Nov '80.’ 2) Dd Dec ’80 – At the Manchester Dog Show Mr Chas C Lawrence '43-18, publican of Jesus lane Cambridge, carried off the first prize for Mastiff puppies with his Donardar which the Field describes as – ‘a very grand puppy indeed, with an excellent body and grand bone.’ 3)– ‘Portrait of a Mastiff while giving the stolid expression, misses the texture of hair as well as the full perception of life through body and limbs.’ By the artist David George Steell – 4) The British Lion is dead. He was only a dog - a Mastiff, yet supposed to be the biggest of his breed ever known. He weighed just 14 stone.’ – British Lion b '73 owned by Mr John Hartley, farmer of Windermere, and bred by Major Elms out of ch’s Briton & Hector' sis sired by Mr Joseph L Dickinson' Lion, the latter out of Mr Lukeys Governor' dau Empress ex ch King -,

- 5) Crewe Agricultural Society - 'The 2nd prize was in the first instance awarded to Miss Hesketh' King Cole, but he was disqualified under the Mastiff Club rule which holds that no exhibitor can send for competition two pups of the same litter. The prize was then given to Mr J Morris’ Solomon. The ‘Wise Man’ fared no better, however, than his mythical predecessor, for the judges found out that he was a pup out of the same litter as King Cole, although shown by another person. Solomon was thereupon disqualified, and the prize witheld.’ –

Dd ’82 – ‘Success of a Dundee Mastiff. The well-known Mastiff Zulu, bred Mr Duncan McRae, fruiterer of Union Street – see at left - , was sold to a gentleman in America and just been awarded the first prize in the open class for Mastiffs at the Westminster Kennel Club Show NY. Mr Duncan McRae owned Diana, 1st prize winner dd ’78, as well.


Dd ’85 – ‘The Mastiff Moses – see centre - has, it is stated, recently been sold by his breeder Mr Joseph Evans of Claremont Swanley - Kent, and has sailed for America, the prize given being 200 guineas.’ Moses b Feb ’82 out of The Shah’ dau Linda ex ch The Emperor – Linda being out of Io –ch Turk’ dau Juno ex ch Argus - .


Dd’ 88 1) Mr Cook’ Challenge Mastiff. We understand that Mr Cook disposed of his celebrated Mastiff ch Ilford Chancellor to a Manchester gentleman - ed Mr Albert Muirhead of Barnfield House Prestwich -, for a large sum of £250. – 2) 'Huge Mastiffs are now the most fashionabe ladies' pets in the United States. The American belles consider it the correct thing to be followed by a solemn stately Mastiff.' - Dd ’95 Ch Peter Piper’ brother ‘Leyton Jim – see at right - excels in all properties, but, in the opinion of many, might be better in his forelegs.’ –

At left & centre Birmingham ‘71 reports. - Mr Hanbury Queen’ dam Phillis was bred by My Henry Balls out of Mr Lukey Governor’ dau Phoebe ex Old Wolf, the latter bred by Mr Loftus Leigh Pemberton, and in those days owned by the Wynnes of Scalford. At this show a great number of dogs were sold; prices varied between £12 - £30, a/o Vulcan, owned by Mr James Felton Elwell b ’37, of the Vulcan Safe Works Birmingham, to Mr J R Capron for £13, and Mr S Hopkins’ Wolff II to Mr Felix Webber, for £30. It arguably goes about Mr Felix Stanley Henry Webber’37-01 of Catford House Sydenham and Shroton House Dorset - see at right -, who served in the Royal Navy during the Chinese & Crimean Wars, and as Lieutenant of HMS Bellerophon, and was for many years Justice of   Peace for Dorset. Mr James Felton Elwell’ brother John owned ch Taurus bred by Mr Edgar Hanbury – Phillis ex ch King -.

Report Birmingham ‘74 judged by Mr Malcolm Bush Wynne of Scalford. Note – Mr Chas Bathurst’ Juba misprint for Juno, believed to be sis of Mr Bathurst' Druid b ‘65 by Mr Lukey’ Wallace. And, of course, the exorbitant prices asked for ch’s Turk & Taurus were purely meant to overcharge their so to speak values.

Articles dd April ‘74. – 1) Juno b ’69 bred by Mr Edwin Nichols – Juno – believed to be sis to Mr Lindoe’ Druid – ex ch Turk – was successively owned by Messrs Fred Robinson, Mr H S Wallace of Beckenham Kent, and psychiatrist Dr William J Hunt b ca '45, of Hoxton House – see at right - Hackney London, who owned the Bull-Terrier ‘Madman' too. – Juno got champion prize at Birmingham ’70, and 1st prize at Manchester ‘71; 2) Grace b ’69 was not bred by Mr Nichols, but by Dr   Adrian Byron Ashford ‘31-76, surgeon of 10 Sandringhams gardens Ealing, - Rev Rowes Leo' dau ch Stella ex ch Turk – Grace got a 2nd prize at Manchester ’69, and produced Maud, dam of Major William Arbuthnot' Vril.


In some way Dr W J Hunt was also linked to the ‘Jack the Ripper’ case as one of the Hoxton House - patients, Mr Oswald Puckeridge b ’38, was released on 4th August '88. He was discharged as 'relieved' but not cured and believed by Sir Charles Warren as to have been trained as a surgeon but he was in fact a chemist. There is no evidence to substantiate the claim by Warren that Puckridge had ever trained as a surgeon; on his marriage certificate he is described as a pharmacological chemist. Puckeridge was mentally ill and had threatened to 'rip people up with a long knife'. Another Hoxton Asylym patient in the late 1880s was Mr Harry Wyndham Carter, proprietor & editor of the Kennel Review ’82-86.

At left - Report about the Birmingham Dog Show dd Dec ’78. - At right – ch Beau, part of a tableau dd July ’78 by Mr Richard Hewitt Moore. – 2nd prize winner at Crystal Palace ’78 Benmore, late Druid II, b ’76 bred by Mr Edwin Nichols – Druidess – bred by the Wynnes - ex ch Punch’ brother Big Ben – was owned by Mr Robert Johnstone Auld ’57-96 of 18 Grosvenor Crescent Edinburgh & St Vincent Place Glasgow. Mr Robert Johnstone Auld owned a/o the Bloodhound champion Mona as well. His father John Auld '10-75, of 37 Heriot Row   St Stephen Edinburgh, was ‘Writer To Her Majesty' Signet', a private society of Scottish solicitors.

Article dd June ’76 about the KC Crystal Palace Show. ‘Lakes Chronicle and Reporter' dd 21 June ’76 reports – ‘The Windermere Mastiff 'British Lion'. This splendid splendid specimen of the English Mastiff, which took 3rd prize at the Crystal Palace, is the property of Mr John Hartley’ of Windermere, and it is said to be the largest of the Mastiff breed in the world, and when scaled last month weighed 196 lb.' –. Mr John Hartley, of Birthwaite Houses off 42 Main road Windermere – at right Main road downhill from Windermere’ centre – insert - advert dd March '77 re sale of Birthwaite Houses owned by Mr John Hartley.

Mr Jenks Lawrence Winchell b ‘41 Rutland Vt, married twice and two children, Bessie & Thomas Stead, has shown remarkable and successful versatility in business. Educated at Poultney Vt, he at first adopted the profession of artist and secured the first premium at the State Fair, ‘for the best original oil painting’. Health failing, he commenced in NY City the publication of the ‘Weekly Romanist’, but the competition proving too formidable, he engaged in the fur trade in which he was successful. Afterwards Mr Winchell was associated with a partner called Mr George Small, aka Bricktop, in the publication of ‘Wild Oats’ est ‘70 at 113 Fulton Street, a bi-weekly illustrated comic of sixteen pp, subscription $2, claiming a 35,000 circulation, equal to that of similar papers in the United States. He retired from business in NY City in ‘81, and, being a great lover of animals, he established at his farm at Fair Haven Vt, a kennel for breeding imported English Mastiffs & Bloodhounds, in partnership with the Englishman Mr Wm Norman Higgs. Mr Winchell was the first importer and exhibitor of the English Bloodhound in America and the first president of the English Bloodhound Club of America and dd ‘08 he still holds that office.’ - From ‘The Winchell Genealogy – The ancestry and those born to the Winchell name in America since 1635’ by Newton H Winchell & Alexander N Winchell.' - published in 1917 . –


Centre - An image provenance Windsor Colorado, showing a quality male - long bodied, fairly deep off loins, strong top line, nicely angulated fore & aft, splendid head proportions free from fad and/or excess, ditto ear set & black markings, but a tad failing re croup angle, development of second thigh, the latter perhaps caused by lack of appropriate exercising, something quite common in dogs being enclosed in kennels or even worse being chained up. Given the picture’ time frame, it might have been ch Beaufort’ Black Prince or, given the intense pigmentation of muzzle, even more probable - his son ch Black Prince’ Brampton. - At left – Mr Winchell’ ch Beaufort’ Black Prince out of ch Orlando’ Gerda sired by WK Taunton’ ch Beaufort.

Dd Oct ‘61 – ‘At the first exhibition of Sporting and Other Dogs held at Belle Vue Zoological Gardens Manchester were some fine specimens of Mastiffs. One of them his proprietor valued at £1000. The English Mastiff is a thoroughly English dog, and used to be trained by the Romans to take part in the combats with wild beasts. He is also a thoroughly honest dog, with no nosense about him.’ - There were two classes of Mastiffs - 1st prize Wallace - see at left -, and 2nd prize Ben – see centre - ; - any particulars on both aren't mentioned artist of the drawings - Mr B Clayton.


Dd Dec ’61 Messrs Jennison, the proprietors of the Manchester Bellevue Gardens, gave £300 of the prize money at the Poultry and Dog Show - 168 dogs entered. – ‘The dog Nero, of the Lyme Hall breed, which won the first prize in the class of large dogs, is the noblest creature of the canine race that we have seen. The Mastiffs, with ponderous heads, are fine fellows; and, in great contrast to them, the Italian Greyhounds attract everyone’ attention by their symmetry and petite beauty.’ - 1st prize Mr Cautley of Cross Hall Morley (probably Quaker), 2nd prize Mr Lea of Cooper House Broad lane Kirkstall nr Leeds. Mr Lea' dog, reportedly, 'a splendid creature is worth 50 guineas.’ - It goes about Mr Alfred Lea ’29-03, wholesale dealer in jewellery, watches, clocks, Birmingham hardware, &c (employs 15 men) at 36 Boar lane, 39 & 40 Bank Street, and 71 & 72 Albion Street.’ In ‘81 he retired at Scarborough. - At right – Alfred Lea' shop - incl Xmas cards – and Leeds Provincial Building Society at Albion street Leeds.

At left dd Dec ’69 - Birmingham Dog Show prize-winners, a/o Mr Fred Wm Gee’ ch Stella b ’67 & bred by Roman Catholic Rev James Boone Rowe ’25-88, Superior of Brompton Oratory Knightsbridge London, – Mr Nichols Quaker’ dau Donna ex Miss Hales ch Lion’ brother Leo - Ch King extra prize, 2nd prize Mr Nichols’ Sultan b ’65. Ch Stella’ paternal great-grandsire Oscar, bred by Sir C C W Domville of Ireland and owned by Sir Charles Watson, got the 1st prize at Nottingham Oct ’64 Nottingham Dog show 1st prize - Sir Charles Watson’ Oscar, bred by Charles Compton Wm Domvile ’22-84 of Santry House County Dublin, was, reportedly – ‘an unequalled, and probably unsurpassable animal.’ - Mated to Mr Ansdell Leo’ dau Duchess, he produced Mr Nichols' Venus, Miss Hales Lion’ & Mr Nichols Hilda’ dam, the latter mated to ch King, produced ch Turk. – Centre - Article dd Dec '57 re the death of Mr Bartholomew Newson b '28 after an attack by a Mastiff owned by Sir Charles Domville of Santry House – see at right – nr Dublin.

Dd Dec '65 A pencil drawing by Mr Harden Sidney Melville ‘24-94 - painter and draughtsman. He received a medal from the Society of Artists and had three paintings hung in the Royal Academy’ show between ‘37 and ‘41. He conducted the first official hydrographic survey of the north-east coast of Australia in ‘42–‘46 on board the HMS Fly and illustrated several notable Australian works including Joseph Beete Jukes’ official narrative of Fly’ voyage and Ludwig Leichhardt’ Journal.


The drawing presents Prince b '64 2324 - Judy ex Oscar – owned/bred by Mr Robert Henry Clive, barrel gun maker of Salford House Gravelly Hill Birmingham – Oscar might have been bred by Mr Chas Compton Wm Domville, a notorious Irish landlord responsible for 'The Shankill Evictions' of the 1860s’ in which most families living on the Domville estate nr Shankill were forcibly evicted from their land holdings; this Oscar was owned by Sir Charles Watson, Bart of West Wratting Park nr Cambridge.

Mr Fred Robinson’ Juno 2382 b ’69 bred by Mr Edwin Nichols out of Bathurst Juno ex ch Turk -; chief performances 1st at Crystal Palace ’70, champion prize ’72, Birmingham champion prize ’70, and 1st prize Manchester Belle Vue ’71. Afterwards sold to Mr H S Wallace of Beckenham. – At right – Advert dd July '73 - For Sale Mastiffs owned by Ch Turk owned in ‘73 by Mr Henry Stanley Wallace, Custom House Agent & Continental Carrier, ie – ‘licenced to act as an agent for transaction of any business to the entry or departure of conveyances or the Import or Export of goods at any Customs station’. He resided at Ellerslie Elmers End nr Beckenham Kent - afterwards at 12 Newton Terrace Bayswater & 7 Little Tower street nr   Fenchurch street London City.

Centre - The Dog that Carried His Master' Dinner. Quote – ‘The Fables of Jean de La Fontaine were issued in several volumes from 1668 to ‘94. They are classics of French literature. The subject of each of the Fables is often common property of many ages & races. What gives La Fontaine' Fables their rare distinction is the freshness in narration, the deftness of touch, the unconstrained suppleness of metrical structure, the unfailing humor of the pointed the consummate art of their apparent artlessness. Keen insight into the foibles of human nature is found throughout, but in the later books ingenuity is employed to make the fable cover, yet convey, social doctrines and sympathies more democratic than the age would have tolerated in unmasked expression. Almost from the start, the Fables entered French literary consciousness to a greater degree than any other classic of its literature. For generations many of these little apologues have been read, committed to memory, recited, paraphrased, by every French school child. Countless phrases from them are current idioms, and familiarity with them is assumed.’ -

Dd Jan ‘81 – at left – part of a Alexandra Palace KC show prize-winners tableau by Mr Richard H Moore, depicting from l to r - Dr John Sidney Turner’ Cedric The Saxon equal 3rd prize with Mr W K Taunton Chief Justice, Mr Mark Beaufoy' ch Nero - champion prize winner, and Mr Stefano Castelli' Max, the latter bred by Rev F H Hichens – Big Ben’ dau Mab ex ch The Shah -. 2nd prize for Miss Hesketh' Nero - Flora ex ch Rajah -. The Judge of the day was Rev Wm J Mellor.

At left - Some prize-winners at the Alexandra Dog KC show dd Dec ’75 judged by Rev Hodgson & Mr Tom Handley, a/o Mr Alan S De Fivas’ ch Granby. Results ~ Mr Edwin Brough’ 9y old ch Turk divided champion prize with Mr A S De Fivas’ Granby by ch Turk, Open Class 1st Mr W Clowes' Saxon by ch Punch, 2nd Mr Emile Portier’ Modoc by ch Green’ Monarch, 4th Mr J Hartwell’ Scawfell by Green’ ch Monarch, - champion prize bitches Miss Aglionby’ ch Lottie by Big Ben , 1st E Hanbury’ Herpa by ch King, Rev Mellor ch Creole, 3rd divided Mr J Hartley’ Bowness by Green’ ch Monarch & Mr E Hanbury’ ch Queen. – At right – drawing dd 1886. – Second row - Alexandra Show '75 report – Turk, owned by Mr Sydney A Smith of Withington Manchester, was out of ch Hector' sis Lufra sired by Mr David Sloane' Lord Nelson -, the latter out of Mr Smith’ Nell ex Lord Stamford Lion' son Mr Wilding' dog -.

At right - The Illustrated American NY dd '90 - Prize Dogs at the   Westminster Kennel Club Bench Show – centre Melrose Prince Mr J L Winchell’ Bess ex Ilford Caution -, and below at left Mr W K Taunton' ch Beaufort. Melrose Prince, full brother of Mr Chas C Cook’ Am ch Moses b Feb ’87 & Mr Chas E Wallack’ Am ch Merlin b May ’88. was owned by Richard Philip Hart Durkee b ‘38, a member of an old New York family. His father Harrison Durkee, who had made a fortune in Wall Street, was a somewhat eccentric gentleman who owned a tract of land near Flushing Long Island NY which he decided to convert into a breeding farm. One of his early investments in horses was Dictator , the brother of the famous Hambletonian Dexter, &c .

At left dd Dec ‘80– part of Birmingham prize-winners’ tableau, a/o Mr Mark Beaufoy’ ch Beau. – Centre – Captain Piddocke’ ch Ogilvie publ in an early Crufts catalogue. At right – Spratts advert depicting a specimen similar to Mr W K Taunton’ ch Cardinal

Above at left - Engraving by Mr Harrison Weir used to illustrate a Chatterbox’ child story about ‘A battled Murderer’ dd ‘76 . There’s some resemblance with Green’ Monarch’ son Scawfell b ‘74 - see centre - , bred by Mr John Hartley of Windermere , out of ch Briton’ sis Lupa . Scawfell got a/o a 1st at Darlington ‘75 weighing 211 lbs. The print says – ‘The property of the author’, referring to Mr Edward Henry Viles, author of Pendryl Hall Codsall Wood nr Wolverhampton, well-known for a/o ‘Black Bess or The Knight of the Road, a Tale of the Good Old Times’. Mr Viles purchased Scawfell from Mr John W Hill b '46, veterinary surgeon of Market street Wolverhampton & Compton Wolverhampton. - At right – Article dd Sept ’78.


Below at left~ A Green’ Monarch grandson Vandal [name put on collar] b ‘76 & bred by Mr G J Hart , of Clement lane London, - Queen Bess ex ch Turk' son ch Granby - Vandal got a 1st prize at Crystal Palace 1876 under judge T Pearce [Idstone] . Queen Bess was half sis to James Morris’ champion Countess’ [ch The Emperor’ dam] both out of Old Flora’ daughter Duchess. Vandal was owned by Mr A Brown, of Liverpool , who sold him to an American fancier; the engraving was published in Harper’ Weekly May 26th '77 entitled ‘ The Great Bench Show of Dogs ’ NY Hippodrome.

From the Illustrated Kennel News dd March ’07, in the same month Country Life published a double paged article ‘Mastiffs at Hazlemere Park, including half a dozen photographs of Mr Robt Leadbetter’ Mastiffs. Less than a year later Mr Leadbetter had his last moment of breeders fame, ie at Crufts ’08 winning both cc’s, but unfortunately his resources had dwindled down and dd March ’10 - 'receiving orders in bankruptcy have been gazetted follows - Leadbetter, Robert, of no occupation, Hazlemere Park, High Wycombe.’ Dd Sept ’10 - The sale at Aldridge's of the remains of Mr Robert Leadbetter's once famous kennel of Mastiffs, viz, his two championship winners at Cruft's Show in ’08, ie ch Hazlemere Ronald & ch Hazlemere Bess for £5, furnishes a gruesome lesson of the downfall of the Old English Mastiff. This brace of Mastiffs would at one time have realised as many hundreds of pounds, since they are both 5 ½ years old well bred and typical specimens of the breed, being out of Lady Winifred ex Archie Hazlemere.

At right – Also from the Illustrated Kennel News dd March ’07 - Dwarf-sized Bulldog puppies were occasionally born out of regular-sized parents, but they were neither the healthiest, nor the most fertile dogs. In case they were mated successfully it mainly produced regular-sized puppies. Thus, this version of the breed had never been established.

From the Illustrated Kennel News – report about Birmingham Dec '06 judged by Mr Robt Leadbetter - cc Mr A W Lucas’ Prince Superbus b Aug ’04, 2nd Mr Lucas' Victorious, Mr Wm Rylands in 3rd but no award. Bitch cc – ch Hazlemere Ronald’ sis Kilmacolm Lucy b Sept '04 owned by Mr F A Rhodes, of Magdala Port Glasgow Road Kilmacolm – see at right - 20 mls W of Glasgow, 2nd in bitches Mr L Blakemore’ Oscott Sheilah b Oct '05 & bred by Mr Robt J Burch - Melnotte' dau Queen Alexandra ex Melnotte' son Salisbury -. Mr Geo Joice purchased Oscott Sheilah and mated her 1) to Cleveland Leopold, resulting in Bayardo which sired Prince Lie-A-Bed & Princess Lie-A-Bed , and 2) to ch Felix produced Heatherville Duke, the grandsire of Mr George Cook’ Adamite, the latter grandsire of the Ashenhurst ch twin Cedric & Bernicea, and double grandsire of ch Cleveland Primier and Cleveland Chancellor.

From the Illustrated Kennel News – report about Crystal Palace dd Oct '06 judged by Mr Robt Leadbetter. Mr W K Taunton' Murdered Monarch b '04 & bred by Mr A W Lucas - Princess unr ex Invicta' son Black Prince -, Mr John Huson’ Hertford Norman b Oct ’05 & bred by Mr John Huson – Mellnotte’ dau Hertford Mable ex ch Marksman’ paternal nephew Ap Thomas, Mr Wm Rylands’ Archduke b Oct '05 - Nuneaton Zeb' dau New York Belle ex ch Peter Piper' son Kruger -, Mr Wm Rylands’ Zelda - Mellnotte' dau Ap Dorothy ex ch Marksman’ paternal nephew Ap Thomas - elder sis of ch Nuneaton Helga, cc winner Mr J H Lloyd’ Pinner Beau b '01, brother of ch Czar Peter & Hazlemere Archie – Lyndhurst Boy' dau Lyndhurst Rose ex ch Mark Antony' son ch Marksman -, res cc Prince Superbus b '04 & bred by Mr A W Lucas - Invicta’ dau Paula ex ch Marcella’ paternal nephew Marcus Superba -, Archie Gander b ‘04 & bred by Mr Leadbetter - Mother Goose unr ex ch Hazlemere Archie -, Mr Lucas’ Victorious - brother of Prince Superbus, res cc Mr F A Rhodes’ Kilmacolm Lucy, sis of ch Hazlemere Ronald, Chas Aubrey Smith’ Eleanor b ’04 & bred by Mr A W Lucas – Princess unr ex Invicta’ son Black Prince -, bitch cc winner Mr Ernest Spalding' ch Marchioness b '01 & bred by Mr A W Lucas – Lyndhurst Boy’ dau Lyndhurst Jenny ex Captain Piddockes ch Plutarch’ grandson Dalston Benedict -.


At right – Nuneaton Lion b April '03 & bred by Mr Nevill Walker Hall - ch Hotspur' grand-dau Nuneaton Molly ex Tom Bowling' son Mellnotte – was purchased by Kilmacolm Lucy’ owner Mr F A Rhodes of Magdala Kilmacolm nr Glasgow, shortly before Crufts '06, but placed him there for sale at £500. An Our Dogs' advert dd Dec '05 says about Nuneaton Lion – ‘weight close on 200 lb,   standing 31 ins at shoulder.' – Nuneaton Lion sired Cleveland breeder Mr George Cook' brindle ch Felix.


For some reason Nuneaton Lion, bred/owned by Mr Walker Hall, appears only in the KCSB registering the shows of ‘04, getting 1st prize at Cheltenham - 2nd & 3rd prizes not awarded -, three res cc’s 1) at Manchester, again under Mr F Gresham - cc Mr Leadbetter' ch Czar Peter -, 2) at Birkenhead under Mr A J Thorpe – cc ch Czar Peter -, 3) at Darlington under Mr George Cook – cc ch Hazlemere Archie, and 3rd Limit at Birmingham under Mr Robt Leadbetter – 1st Pinner Beau, 2nd Mr Robt J Burch’ Salisbury by Mellnotte.

From the Illustrated Kennel News - report about Richmond dd July ’06 judged by Mr Wm Hunter Johnston '56-47 – cc the brindle ch Helmsley Defender b June ‘04 bred/owned Mr Ernest Spalding – ch Colonel Cromwell’ sis Lady Claypole ex Invicta’ son Black Prince -, res cc Mr Chas Aubrey Smith’ ch Colonel Cromwell b ’99 – Leda unr ex Tom Bowling’ son Invicta -, 3rd Lt-Col Walkers ch Countess Invicta’ brother Reliance b March ’05 bred/owned Mr A W Lucas – Invicta’ dau Paula ex ch Marcella’ paternal nephew Marcus Superba -, Victorious, brother of Reliance, and Lt-Col Z Walker’ With The Times b ’03 – Invicta’ dau Waiting Maid ex ch Hollands Black Boy’ son Moston Black -, which sired ch Lord of The Manor b ‘07.

Cc Bridget b 02 & bred by Mr John O’Connell – Dalston Benedict’ dau Black Betty ex Invicta’ brother Mellnotte - owned by Mr WK Taunton’ nephew Mr Richard Taunton Francis, res cc Mr Chas Aubrey Smith’ Eleanor b ’04 & bred by Mr A W Lucas – Princess unr ex Invicta’ son Black Prince -, 3rd Duchess Superba, sis of Reliance & Victorious.


From ‘17 to ‘30 Mr Richard Taunton Francis ‘83–30 - see at left - was sole partner in the firm ‘Taylor & Francis’ founded in ‘52 when his father Mr William Francis joined Mr Richard Taylor in his publishing business est 1798. Their subjects covered agriculture, chemistry, education, engineering, geography, law, mathematics, medicine, and social sciences. The firm went into The 'Taylor & Francis' Group, presently a UK-based international publisher and conference company being a division of Informa plc.

At Manchester March ’06, the show just before Richmond ’06 won by ch Helmsley Defender – see pic at right -, the judge Lt-Col Z Walker reversed the cc and res cc winners, ie cc - Mr Chas Aubrey Smith’ ch Colonel Cromwell preceeding ch Helmsley Defender and wrote – ‘Helmsley Defender is a medium sized dog, has a good skull, but too short from the eye to the base of the ear, eyes wide apart and a good colour, muzzle broad under the eyes but rather weak towards the nose and some lacking in depth, ears small and well set on but do not hang sufficiently close to the cheek, his middle-piece is of fair length and depth in proportion to his height, but he is not well ribbed up as he might be; he possesses plenty of bone and stands on good short legs, but is inclined to be upright in stifles and cannot therefore be expected to move freely.’ -

At left - from the Illustrated Kennel News dd ’10. One of Mr A Brookes' mentioned litter was Captain George Harrison Ballantyne' King Lear b  ’10 – ch Felix’ paternal niece Marton Princess Thelma ex Nuneaton Lion’ grandson Bulwell Boy –, dd July ’11 reportedly – ‘excels in body, but must impove in head’ -. King Lear got at the SKC Oct ’11 under Mr Midgley Marsden a 3rd Open. Mr James Hubbard b '58 & son, of 22 Hempshill lane Bulwell nr Nottingham, owned Bulwell Boy. –

At right – Mr J Hubbard’ neighbors, incl small Terrier, of Crab Tree farm Hempshill lane Bulwell ca early XXth c. Bulwell Boy, mated to Mr A Hague' Billingley Belle, produced Mr W Fowler' Count Leo. King Lear' owner Captain G H Ballantyne b '85, of Glenrosa Peebles, was the son of Sir Henry Ballantyne of the tweed manufacturing firm Messrs D Ballantyue & Co March Street Mills Peebles, and Caerlee Mill Innerleithen, – see for Captain Ballantyne Miscellanea Four as well –.

Mr Archibald Brookes’ next litter b Aug ‘11 was out of ch Hazlemere Ronald’ dau Widmere Lady ex Murdered Monarch' son Brindled Prince which contained Leoneha - granddam of Mrs Ingle’ well-known Am ch Beowulf b 1917 -, and the type-wise magnificent brindle ch Lidgett Viscount – see at left -, but unfortunately weak in hind quarters.

Cleveland breeder Mr George Cook mated Thunderbolt’ sis ch Lightning to ch Lidgett Viscount, which gave a/o Queen Bess b May ’14 and just before the advent of WWI exported to Mrs Philip Donald Folwell b '81, of 227 North Bowman Avenue Lower Merion Montgomery Pennsylvania. Viscount sired another Cleveland litter of six puppies b Aug ‘14 out of Cleveland Leopold’ dau Cleveland Belle. Notwithstanding WWI conditions more than a dozen litters were born from early ’15 to end ’18, bred by Messieurs George Cook of Marton nr Middlesbrough, John Iseton of Thornaby nr Middlesbrough, Archibald Brookes of Nottingham, Benjamin T Stubbs of Oakfield Borehamwood Herts, Mr George Penny, of Brooklands Garstang Lancs, Robert J Burch of

Holloway London, Frederick W Bai of 194 Highbury Hill London, and Lt-Col Z Walker of Acocks Green nr Birmingham, &c. - Notes – Aug ’14 The UK declared war against Germany – Dec ’14 – German battleships bomb Hartlepool, Whitby and Scarborough.The Hartlepool and Teesside area was a prime target for the Germans because it made munitions, bridges and other resources for the war effort. Dorman Long at Middlesbrough, for example, was responsible for the manufacture of millions of shells. May ’16 - German Zeppelins conducted bombing raid against a number of factories, smelters and railways in Middlesbrough, Stockton-on-Tees and Hartlepool.

Dd July ’79 – Alexandra Palace Show. Mr J F Fletcher’ Lady Love was out of Mr Green’ ch Monarch' dau Norma; 2nd Mr Taunton’ Thekla bred by Rev Mellor – Big Ben' dau Duchess ex ch Granby -; 3rd Mr W Thompson’ Lurline – Bathurst Druid' dau Undine ex ch The Shahsee at right -. 2nd in Puppy class dogs Vulcan was bred/owned by Mr E King of Astley Hall Newmarket; his sire Lion was owned by horse racing fancier Sir John Dugdale Astley, 3rd Baronet of Everley and MP for Lincolnshire North. Mrs Cunliffe-Lee bred Sybil out of ch Wolsey’ niece Venus sired by Big Ben’ Hereward; she mated Sybil to ch The Emperor resulting in Bosco II, the latter ch Victor Hugo’ paternal grandsire.

Above at left - Liverpool Daily Post’ advert dd June ’76 mentioning the owner of Rose' sire as ‘the late Prince Consort' aka Queen Victoria' husband Prince Albert '19-61; in May ‘72 Colonel James D Monihon ‘37-04 and the Starar Brothers, opened the Phoenix Livery, Feed and Sales Stables. Colonel James D Monihon was Mayor of Phoenix Arizona in the late 1890s. Below at left - dd Nov ’84 - The litter b Aug ’84 out of Vaga ex Prussian Prince, a/o Queen Brenda owned by Mr A J Grant Cook of 4 Temple Villa Palmerston Park Dublin.

Bal Gal bred by Mr Clementson – ch Wolsey' paternal niece Lady ex ch Beau – purchased by Ashmont breeder Dr Perry, Prussian Prince & Princess b '82 – ch Colonel' dau Negress ex ch Crown Prince -, sold to Winlawn kennels Mr A Grant of Staten Island, ch Orlando’ sis ch Rosalind, ch Maximilian - ch The Shah' dau Merlin ex ch The Emperor -, bought by Mrs Geo Willins. The litter of four whelps was born Aug ’84 out of ch Wolsey’ dau Vaga sired by ch Crown Prince' Prussian Prince, a/o Queen Brenda purchased by Rev W J Mellor who sent her to Ceylon tea tradesman Mr Alexander John Grant Cook '60-12, dd '85 of 4 Temple villas Palmerston Park Dublin, later of Balham London. He was representative of the NY Ceylon tea firm 'Messrs W A Courtney & Co Ltd’, a/o at Badulla. At one time he was a well-known figure in New York cricket, and, later, in connection with the game in Ceylon.

Centre – Dr Forbes Lyttelton Winslow’ asylum Sussex House Hammersmith where the auction of his Mastiffs took place. At right - The Mazawattee Tea Co, founded in ‘87 by the Densham family, was one of the most important and most advertised tea firms in Britain during the late 19th century.

A pictorial by Ludwig Beckmann presenting a/o a lying Mastiff called ‘Prinz’ owned by Alexander Lehmann. The supporting article re the Cleve Show of ‘78 mentions in translation ‘Finally the only Old England’ representent is Prinz No 8 , the grumpy Mastiff, not to be confused with the Bulldog, holding for a furious, malignant and cheerless animal, but as soon he’s acquainted with his master, it results trust and becomes an utmost safe guard for house & property. His courage borders and attacks, without any reflection, anything which provokes his mind.’ - Prinz, probably born ca ‘75, seems to have been of excellent stocky breed quality and in that way it might be that Herr Alexander Lehmann was one of the first Germans to to have imported a Mastiff from England,

where at that time high quality stock was produced a/o by using the Hanbury’ line merely based upon offspring sired by champion Rajah & his son Prince. Prince’ brother, the magnificent brindle champion Wolsey sired Rufus born ‘75 and imported by the Dutch gentleman T B Boissevain of Amsterdam, member of a wealthy banker family which had bank offices at London. Probably , in that way, he came into contact with Mr Frederick George Banbury, the owner of ch Wolsey & breeder of the litter containing Rufus and the brindle Princess, the latter being dam to Mr W K Taunton’ ch Cardinal. Mr F G Banbury was a member of the Stock Exchange and head of the firm of Frederick Banbury & Sons, stockbrokers.

A chained Mastiff by the French artist Christophe Fratin [Metz ‘01-61] belonging to Mrs M A Moore’ grand collection of Mastiff art. Mr Fratin always preferred to capture his subject in motion. The bronze plaque shows a large, powerful looking Mastiff wearing a broad collar te ornamented with a stone statue of a lying Mastiff which presents a striking resemblance with a bronze statue by Charles Valton ’51-18 maybe inspired by the Babelsberg’ Mastiff decorum, and possibly made by his forerunner Fratin? – At right – part of a tableau of prize winners at the Paris Dog Show 1873 by the German artist Friedrich Specht. thered to a chain . He made statues for the ‘rich and famous’ , a/o at the Potsdam’ castles Sans Souci- and Babelsberg.

Mastiff Mems dd Sep ’35 by Mr Will Hally. Centre – Harrogate Kennel Association’ dog cc winner Mrs Oliver’ ch Hellingly Cardinal – ch Cleveland Chancellor’ dau Hellingly Queen Bess ex ch Hellingly Joseph paternal brother Cleveland Julian -. Bulldog old-timer Mr Sam Woodiwiss ’67-52, of Sedgemere East Finchley - later on of Graveleys Great Waltham nr Chelmsford, who dd 1897 took up the presidency of the newly formed Dogue de Bordeaux Club. Mr Woodiwiss’ other Mastiff judgings were at Crystal Palace ’34 - cc’s ch Cleveland Hugo & ch Hellingly Josephine, Crystal Palace ’36 -cc’s ch Havengore Christopher & ch Hellingly Duchess, and Olympia London ’38 – cc’s ch Hellingly Mark & ch Petronella. In 1897 Mr Sam Woodiwiss


Quote - 'Mr Samuel Woodiwiss was the son of Sir Abraham Woodiwiss ’28-84, a mason & building master, a self-made man who amassed a fortune as a railway contractor with Benton & Woodiwiss which he joined in ‘61, and also served as Mayor of Derby ‘81/82.   He was married to Lady Emma and had ten offspring. Making their lives easier, each of the sons of Sir Abraham inherited a large sum of money upon his death in ‘84, allowing them all to indulge in the lifestyle of an eccentric, as several of them elected to do.' -

At left dd April ’31 - Surbiton Beauty b Aug '21 was bred by Mr F Mathews - Earlsmead Floss unr ex ch Woden’ sire Poor Joe – and got in ’23 third prizes Open class at the LKA under Miss Pope, and at Crystal Palace under Mr T C Hutt. Mr W L Baldwin, of Lyndhurst House Fassett Road Surbiton - later on 9 Cedars road Sutton nr Kingston-on-Thames, mated Surbiton Beauty to ch Ashenhurst Cedric - see below at right -, and produced Lt-Col Chas Hope Murray' Morrishill Slogan b Feb ‘26 which got 3rd prize Open class at the SKC '27 under Mr J J Holgate - cc Mr G P Greenwood' ch Duke - res cc Mr Geo Joice' ch Arolite.

Note - Mr W L Baldwin most probably was Mr William Leonard Baldwin m dd ‘23 at Brentford (nr Sutton) Miss Phyllis Margaret Hicks ‘02-47. He died in ’67 at Nelson, few miles from his birthplace Burnley, aged 76. His namesake Stanley Baldwin ’67-47, 1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, was Prime Minister between ‘23-29, and ’35-37.


Centre & at right – Lt-Col Chas Hope Murray ‘74–38 lived at Beith [twenty mls W of Glasgow], a small town situated in North Ayrshire’ Garnock Valley on the crest of a hill, known originally as the ‘Hill o' Beith’ aka ‘hill of the birches’. Morrishill house commanded an excellent view and was well sheltered with trees.


It’s notoriously linked to the case of Mr James Montgomery, an enslaved African, brought from Virginia to Beith by Mr Robert Shedden, the then Morishill’ resident who wanted him apprenticed to a joiner so that he would learn a skill and could then be sold for a large profit back in Virginia. When Mr Montgomery decided to be baptised in Beith Parish Church with the name James Montgomery in April 1756, Mr Shedden objected. Montgomery was dragged nearly thirty miles to Port Glasgow behind horses to be taken back to Virginia but escaped to Edinburgh before the ship sailed. Mr Montgomery sought justice but before a decision could be made by judges he died in Tolbooth Gaol.

At Richmond July ‘39 Mr Harold J White, of Goodbreed kennels Bradford, awarded following prizes - cc Mr Fred Bowles’ Hammercliffe Remus, res cc Mrs Norah Dickin’ Goring Robert, 3rd Miss I Bell' Goring Brockwell - cc   Mr Fred Bowles’ ch Petronella, res cc Miss I Bell' Broomcourt Beauty, 3rd Mrs F Woolley’ ch Deleval Alftruda, granddau of Deleval Gloriana bred by Mrs Rose Langton. –


The photograph shows the judge of the day Mr H J White bending over to one of the brindles owned by Mrs Rose Langton who’s flanked by Mrs Frances Woolley (holding the other brindle), owner of the fawn ch Deleval Alftruda – arguably the one handled by the lady at right, Mr Guy P Greenwood is the one groping (pipe tobacco) in his pocket, the tall lady next to him is Mrs Norah Dickin’ daughter Evelyn Nancy, and at right perhaps Mr Fred Bowles’ kennel man. The rest of them are difficult to decipher.

At left - Photograph at the Olivers’ home located North street Winkenhurst Hellingly nr Hailsham East Sussex taken by Mrs Phillis Robson of Dog World, for which Mrs Jessie W Oliver wrote the Mastiff breed notes together with Mr Wm Norman Higgs - dd Oct 2nd '31 - Mrs E G Oliver has exported to China a couple of youngsters, Hellingly Warren, and a home-bred one, Hellingly Dora, by Hellingly Robert out of Hellingly Janet.’ -.


Centre – The article mentions the brindle Hellingly Marksman winning the Crystal Palace '31. The former brindle champion was the famous Lidgett Viscount b '11, the last in a series of brindle champions throughout the Edwardian era. At right – sequence of a British Pathé documentary film dd ‘31 called ‘Masterful Mastiffs’ about the Hellingly stock at Hellingly Sussex. The film text mentions a/o – ‘some of these champions are worth over £1000 each and in spite of their huge size , are considered as one of the most docile of dogs .’ Shortly afterwards the Olivers moved to the mondaine Bedale estate – Bedale village Yorks.

At left - the Olivers’ Cleveland Yolanda - res cc at Crystal Palace '28 under Our Dogs editor Mr Theo Marples. The former brindle cc winner was at Darlington ’27, ie the Novice class winner Cleveland Yolanda’ paternal half-sis Aries b Dec '25 - ch King Baldur' dau Etoile ex the brindle Cleveland Chancellor - see centre with ch Cleveland Premier’ brother C- Defender -, owned by Mr Henry Cawood Embleton, banker & a/o Chairman of the Company Directors of Watergate Buildings Newcastle-on-Tyne ,- residing at ‘The Cedars’ Methley nr Leeds. After his death dd Feb ’30, - ‘his handsome bitch changed hands for 30s’ -. At right - Mr H C Embleton’ buste and the Embleton Challenge Cup presented by him for best fawn Mastiff, either sex, over eighteen months old.

In the breed notes dd Dec 25 '31 Mr Wm N Higgs wrote - 'I was very interested to read Mrs Robson' note with regard to an article by Freeman-Lloyd on Maud Earl in an American paper, being one of the first, I think, to give her a commission at the start of her career. She painted Lady Florida and Ilford Coral for me. Should anybody interested by passing this care to call in I shall be pleased to show them.’ 1) ch Lady Florida b Aug ’87 & bred by Mr Albert Andrews of Stafford - ch Montgomery' dau Vistala ex ch Beaufort -, sis of ch Lord Stafford & Mr Chas C Rice' Sir Stafford. 2) Ilford Coral b Aug ‘87 & bred by Mr Richard Cook of Ilford – ch Prince of Wales' dau Ilford Constance ex Am ch Ilford Caution' son ch Ilford Chancellor -. Miss Maud Alice Earl '64–43 was an eminent British-American canine painter.

Here at right - A Mastiff head painted by her father Mr George Earl '24-08, and to compare with Am ch Ilford Caution b ’83 bred by Mr Richard Cook – ch Beau’ dau Ilford Claudia ex ch Crown Prince -.

Our Dogs’ advert dd Oct ‘31. - December 9 '31, the Metropolitan & Essex Canine Society Show at Earls Court London took place. Mastiff classes were judged by Mr Guy Percival Greenwood – cc ch Uther Penarvon res cc ch Arolite’ son Satelite, 3rd ch Westcroft Blaise’ son Weirdwood Beau Geste; cc ch Ursula res cc ch Cleveland Ponorogo, 3rd ch Lady Turk. – At right Miss Ianthe Bell’ ch Uther Penarvon - ch Havengore Bill' dau Bilichilde ex Young Bill' son Rufus -, which sired Mr Fred Bowles’ ch Petronella, and grandsired Mrs Frances Woolley’ ch Deleval Alftruda. After more than twenty years, ch Uther Penarvon’ cousin Lady Turk, together with the Hellingly brothers Marksman & Cardinal, were the first brindles made up (in ’34) since ch Lidgett Viscount b ’11.

Centre – Bristol ‘21 judge report by Mr Chris Houlker '59-41, Registrar of Births Deaths Marriages residing at 35 Avenue Parade Accrington nr Blackburn – cc ch King Baldur - ch Young Mary Bull ex her brother Young John Bull – res cc ch Weland – Heatherville Duke' dau Gascoigne Queen ex Adamite -, 3rd ch Ashenhurst Cedric' sire Ashenhurst Duke – Thunderbolt’ dau Tilly Dunn ex Adamite -; cc ch Boadicea b ‘17 - see at left - Beowulf' dau Sunflower ex ch Young Mary Bull' brother The Scarlet Pimpernel -, res cc D'Urbervilles Tess - Vereton Sir Titus' dau Beeches Bunty ex Collyhurst Squire -, 3rd ch Westcroft Cleopatra b '20 – Bayardo’ dau Princess-Lie-A-Bed ex Adamas -.

Dd ‘31 - Mr Chris Houlker – standing at left with his wife Mrs Miriam Sophia Houlker née Grimshaw - judged Mastiffs at cc level thirteen times, ie ‘21 ch’s King Baldur & Boadicea - ’24 ch’s Ashenhurst Cedric & - Bernicea - ’27 ch’s Superbus & Menai Juno - res cc Hellingly foundation brood Wantley Joy - - ’28 ch’s Benvolio & Wantley Joy - ’29 ch’s Hellingly Joseph & Dervot Dawn - ’30 ch’s Arolite & Wantley Joy - ’31 ch Hellingly Marksman & Hellingly Rowena - ’32 ch’s Hellingly Ajax & Hellingly Joy - May ’33 ch’s Hellingly Joseph & Hellingly Honor’ dau Ileden Volo - Sept ’33 ch Hellingly Ajax' son Leon McLean & ch Hellingly Josephine - ’35 ch’s ch Hellingly Cardinal’ son Tiddicar General & Hellingly Patricia - ’36 Hellingly Beau & ch Hellingly Duchess - ’37 Hellingly King & Goring Scylla, the latter bred by Mrs Norah Dickin.


Hellingly King - H- Elaine ex H- King Baldur - was exported in '39 to the Altnacraig breeder Mrs Clark and, mated to Hellingly Maud - Joseph’ dau Trelyon Girl ex ch H- Marksman -, produced Am ch Altnacraig Eric, Valiant Diadem' paternal grandsire. - Centre – Hellingly King & his sire H- King Baldur – At right - St James Church - 0,3 mile from the Houlkers’ home 365 Ave Parade Accrington.

Centre - Article dd '21 about Mr Luke Crabtree of Lea Grange Charlestown road Blackley nr Manchester written by Mr Alfred George Sturgeon b '74, Life Assurance Inspector Oak Bullog kennels - Belmont 41 Manchester road Altrincham – author of Bulldogdom publ ‘20. - In ‘82 Luke Crabtree ’53-21, of Co-operative Buildings Habergham Eaves Burnley, bred his first litter from champion Colonel’ dau Queen sired by Mr Thomas W Carr’ Nevison, a son of Gurth bred by Reverend Hitchens - Edwin Nichols’ Mab x ch The Shah - ex ch Wolsey’ brother Prince; the litter contained a/o King Bruce [1st Buxton, 2nd Stone & 3rd Cheltenham ’84, and Dora II which produced Crabtree’ 2nd litter, sired by ch His Majesty Canute; their offspring were Lady Canute, owned by the Belgian Reverend Henry Van Doorne who bred ch Jack Thyr from her, and Clement, owned by Mr Robert C Haworth, cotton spinner of Marshbrook House Hindley nr Wigan, which got dd ‘85 1st prizes at Farnworth, Edinburgh & West Bromwich, where Dr Chas A Lougest’ Imperial Chancellor was runner up; the following he only was awarded 2nd prizes [Stalybridge , Liverpool & Birkenhead ] beaten by a/o Dr Lougest’ ch Albert Victor & Imperial Chancellor and Mr M Beaufoy’ Spartacus bred by Mr D L Buchanan of Sheffield .

In ‘89 Mr Luke Crabtree, of Manchester street Oldham nr Manchester, obtained ch Count Orlando [bred by Mr R Cook out of Twining Turk’ Idalia by ch Orlando] from Mr Geo W Alcock of Altercliffe Sheffield, reportedly – ‘one of the most symmetrical dogs in the country’, winning four 1st prizes & also a challenge award at Glasgow 1889; next year he obtained five 1st prizes and challenges at Liverpool & Leeds; challenges at Southport & Coventry in 1891 & finally a challenge at Leeds in ‘92. Two years later he lived at Hope House New Moston Failsworth, and obtained Captain Leonard Piddocke’ Lord Clive – see head study at left - after the Captain’ sudden death.

Lord Clive got a 1st prize at Liverpool ‘95 beating ch Mark Antony. A report mentions ~ ‘Lord Clive, so far as head proporties went indeed his whole front he would have been easily first, but he was sadly handicapped by his weak hindquarters and the terribly bad action of his hind legs. A greater headed dog I have never seen. ‘ – At right – Report dd Sept ’89 about the Stourbridge Show.


Mr Luke Crabtree purchased ch Holland’ Black Boy from the Dutch fancier Mr E P Meyer, druggist of 45a Reinkenstreet The Hague. Birth announcements published in Our Dogs** – Oct 14 1899 – mention two litters bred by Mr Luke Crabtree and sired by his ch Holland’ Black Boy, ie 1) dd Sept 24 ’99 out of Princess Olive - 5 dogs & 3 bitches, 2) dd Oct 2nd ’99 out of Silverdale Lady Evelyn – six dogs & 5 bitches. Moston Black, cc’s under the specialists Mr A J Thorpe & the Irish lady Idonea Stopford, got at Liverpool Jan ’02 a 2nd prize, and the judge Mr Gerbrand Deetman, of Amsterdam,   reported – ‘Moston Black, a dark brindle, lacking size, but shown in splendid form. His head is too short, and, although his legs and feet are good, he moves very stilty.’ – Moston Black grandsired Lieut-Col Zacheus Walker’ grand champion Lord of the Manor .


From these 19 Mastiffs - 11 out of Blondin’ dam - sired by ch Holland’ Black Boy, only Moston Black - two cc’s - became KCSB registered. So maybe for some reason the other ones were sold unregistered. Some dams of historically relevant Mastiffs could have been part of the above mentioned litters - par ex Nell, dam of Prince Sonderburg b Aug ’03 – 2 cc’s, Rebel Queen dam to Salisbury b Oct ’03 – 2 cc’s, Princess dam to Murdered Monarch b June ’04 – 2 cc’s, Princess dam to Prince Caractacus b Aug ’06 – 1 cc, and last but not least Lady Argyll grandam to ch Hazlemere Ronald b Sept ’04. Note – Holland’ Black Boy was purchased by Hazlemere breeder Mr Leadbetter, shortly after both litters were born.


Luke Crabtree also came in the ownership of Bywater Hector bred by Mr A Barnes - Jonathan’ sis Joan ex the reputed American champion Beaufort’ Black Prince which won prizes at Edinburgh, Gloucester & Earl’ Court 1899 & Liverpool 1900, the year he also obtained champion Marcella from Mr A J Thorpe [bred by JS Hopkins out of Honeysuckle sired by ch Mark Antony] and Pretty Correct - Sir Stafford’ dau ex Di Vernon Jonathan’ brother Premier - from Mr A W Lucas described as ‘has many good points in formation, but her Bulldog lay back in face and very undershot lower jaw prevented me giving her a card.’ 


In 1901 Mr Luke Crabtree, then of ‘One Ash' New Moston Failsworth, judged at Crufts and awarded the highest merit to champions Holland’ Black Boy & Ha Ha, both owned by Mr Robt Leadbetter; the next year he bred his last litter, out of Marton Beauty - Princess Marton x Blondin’ brother Prince Hampton -sired by Moston Black; their daughter Lady Ina, owned by Mr T Garwood, got a 2nd prize in Open Class at Crufts ‘05 .

Part of an article dd Sept ’75 about Mr Chas Albert Lougest ’38-07, herbalist of 76 Park lane Liverpool, who moved to Boston US in the late 1890s, continuing his business and breeding/showing of Bloodhounds and Mastiffs, a/o his Dutch bred Am ch Black Peter b ’95 – Montgomery II’ dau Maid of the Wye ex Tom Bowling’ son Jonathan -, sibling of Mr Robt Leadbetter’ ch Holland’ Black Boy. – At right – Black Peter’ photograph dd ’99.

At left – prize-winners at the Agricultural Hall KC Show - Rev F H Hichens' Mastiff refers to one-year old Rupert b July '77 & bred by Miss Aglionby out of Big Ben’ dau ch Lottie ex ch Wolsey' fawn brother Mr Nichols Prince -, sibling of Ida, the latter mated to ch Colonel, produced Negress, maternal grand-dam of ch’s Orlando, Hotspur, Lady Isabel, Lady Gladys & Rosalind. - At right – prize-winners at the Scottish National Dog Show - Glasgow dd May ’78 - 1st prize Mr Richard Alston' ch Colonel, 2nd Mr W K Taunton' Modoc - ch Turk' dau Nell ex Mr Green’ ch Monarch -, & 3rd Mr WK Taunton' ch Gwendolen - Mr Lukeys Baron' dau Grace ex Mr Green’ ch Monarch.

A ‘Windermere Mastiff' - sic - of the 1870s named ‘Monarch', arguably sibling of Scawfell & Bowness bred by Mr John Hartley, merchant of Birthwaite Houses off 42 Main road - out of ch Hector' sis Lupa ex Mr Green' ch Monarch -. Mr Green’ ch Monarch sired Mr Beaufoy' ch Nero & Mr W K Taunton’ ch Gwendolen, dam of grandsired Dr Campbell’ ch Lily II.

Article dd April ’91 Boston’ Big Dog Show. - Quote – ‘The Dogs own Boston this week. Bostonians one and all can go to the ‘demnition bow-wows’ all the week an no one will complain. Take a Huntington av car, get off at Mechanics’ building - the best hall in the world for a dog show -, and there you are. The New England Kennel Club opened the doors of this big building for its seventh annual bench show, and if you’ve been there you know something about the display of canines which the club has gathered for the Bostonians to gaze on.’ -

At left – print dd April '87. Mr E H Moore paid $3000 for Minting, bred by Mrs Geo Willins of Hamersmith London – ch Beau' dau ch Cambrian Princess ex ch The Emperor’ son ch Maximilian. - Minting' kennel mate Orion b June ’84, was bred by Mr G Lang out of Young Victor’ dau Nell ex ch Beau' son Boatswain. At the Crystal Palace show April ’86, the judge Dr J S Turner reported - ' Open Class equal 2nd/3rd Victor Hugo and Orion, the latter a very large dog, standing 32i at the shoulder, and has about the best legs and feet I ever saw in a dog of his size. He has a good skull, but ought to be wide in muzzle. He has depth, but is lacking in width from the eye to the end of muzzle. If this defect is made up, he will develop into a fine specimen.' Centre - photograph of Am ch Minting b '85 which questions the truthfulness of the print at left. Am ch Minting died aged only 4; one of his best descendants was Madge Minting, maternal grand-dam of Am ch Emperor William.

Above at left dd ‘87 fr l to r ch Minting b ’85 & bred by Mrs Geo Willins – ch Beau' dau ch Cambrian Princess ex ch. The Emeperor' son ch Maximilian -, a caricature of Am ch Ilford Caution b '83 & bred by Mr Richard Cook – ch Beau’ dau Ilford Claudia ex ch Crown Prince -, both Minting & Caution imported by Mr Eugene Hood Moore of Melrose Mass. – Below at left – Am ch Ilford Caution’ criticism published in Mr C H Mason’ Our Prize dogs which also mentions – ‘height at shoulder 31 inches, weight in condition 175 lbs.’ – At Crystal Palace ’84 Rev W J Mellor awarded him 1st prize in Puppy class – ‘He is a well-grown eight months old dog, his head is at present rather too ‘bulldoggy’, but this will alter as he grows older.’ -The Crystal Palace ‘85 judge report by Captain J Garnier says – ‘Ilford Caution had the Bulldog faults of head, although not to the same degree as some others, and in a class with so many defectsive dogs his better body and hind quarters, although far from faultless, made him deserving of notice.' -

At left dd Dec '01 – Prince of Wales b April ‘97 bred by AJ Thorpe - Silverdale Lady Evelyn ex ch Marc Anthony -, sibling of Blondin & Prince Hampton, the latter Mr George Cook ch Felix’ great-grandsire, and Am ch Holland Queen by ch Black Peter. Mr Robt Watson' Book of the Dog includes a picture of Am ch Holland Queen being a brindle? – At right dd Feb '99 - A drawing, exactly similar to the photograph, is claimed to present Am ch Emperor William b ‘92 and his sis Am ch Lady Diana - Gerda II ex Ingleside Maximilian -; Gerda II – Am ch Beaufort Black Prince’ dam Gerda ex Prince Albert Victor (arguably by ch Albert Victor) -, Ingleside Maximilian – Am ch Madge Minting – Melrose Bess ex Am ch Minting - ex ch Ilford Chancellor -. Melrose Bess b '83 - Mollie ex Major -.

At left dd Feb '03. – At right – Am ch Prince of Wales' brother Blondin b April ‘97 and bred by Mr A J Thorpe - ch Hotspur' grand-dau Silverdale Lady Evelyn ex ch Ogilvie’ son ch Mark Antony -.

Their sibling Mr J H Lee’ Prince Hampton, mated to Marton Princess, produced Marton Beauty owned by Mr Luke Crabtree’ who mated her to ch Hollands Black Boy’ son Moston Black, which gave Mr Thos Garwood’ Lady Ina, res cc at Crufts ’05 under Mr John O’Connell – cc Mr Robt Leadbetter’ Lady Georgina bred by Monsieur Duch from unregistered parents but arguably related to Dr J S Turner’ stock.

Drawings dd ca ’87 by the German artist Mr Ludwig Beckmann ‘22-02. - At left – Guinevere b '83 - The Lady Rowena ex ch Crown Prince - & her maternal nephew Boatswain b '82 bred by Mr Mark Beaufoy - Crown Prince’ sis   Princess Royal ex ch Beau -.   Boatswain got a 1st at Crystal Palace 1883 ~ 2nd puppy class at Sheffield 1883 ~ 2nd Hertford 1883 ~ 1st at Bridport 1883 ~ 2nd at Crystal Palace 1884 and since then sold to Max Hartenstein '60-17, a Stuttgart based banker who ran the Plavia kennels since '78. Judge reports mention – ‘Boatswain has much improved since his début at the winter show. His forelegs are, however, still far from straight, his muzzle and mask are good, his ears small, and his chest deep, but his skull wants more width ~ has a wonderfully good head, and a well-made body, but he,  too, has bad forelegs. ‘ - At right - an ‘English’ Mastiff (arguably Mr Hartenstein' Boatswain), a Danish Mastiff, and German Mastiff.

Article dd Feb ’90. Ch Moses b '82, owned by successively Mr E H Moore and Charles E Cook of Canton Illinois, was bred by Mr Joseph Evans of Claremont Swanley Kent - out of ch The Shah' dau Linda sired by ch The Emperor -. Mr E H Moore' ch Ilford Chancellor got transferred to Mr James Warham Whitney of Rochester NY. In the early days it was not uncommon adult quality Mastiffs changed hands more than once or even twice. Ch Turk might have topped the list, bred by Miss Aglionby and successively owned by six fanciers, the last one was Bloodhound breeder Mr Edwin Brough.

At left dd Jan ’97 - Judges at the New England Kennel Club Show – Boston. Mastiffs judged by Mr Chas H Mason. At right dd April ’93 Article about Mr Eugene H Moore’ kennels at Melrose Mass.

Parcel of an article dd Nov ’89. Mrs Mary Gay Humphreys '59-15, reportedly one of the most brilliant of NY newspaper women, considers the most popular dog in the States ch Plinlimmon, an English bred St Bernard owned by the American German actor Joseph Kline Fritz Emmet born ’41 in St Louis.

His parents were poor Irish immigrants who struggled to care for their large family. The Mastiff in question was Am ch Minting owned by Mr Eugene Hood Moore b '52-19, real estate agent of Melrose, and Mayor from '07-11. He was born at Somerset Bristol Mass, as the son of Mr William Watson Moore and Mrs Eloise Maria Moore née Hood.

Group of Hellingly puppies b Jan ’31 – ch Hellingly Cardinal’ younger sis Lady Antonia ex Hellingly Brian -, amongst them H- Amaryllis purchased by Sir John Buchanan-Jardine ‘00-69, Bart of Castlemilk nr Glasgow, who mated her to Hellingly Queen Bess’ brother H- Robert resulting in Hellingly Rita. Sir John Buchanan-Jardine authored ‘Hounds of the World’ publ ’37. - At right – article dd July ’27.

Photos taken in Summer ’31 - At left - ch Hellingly Josephine b Aug ’28 – ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ dau Westcroft Flavia ex ch Hellingly Joseph – winner of six cc’s – mated back to her sire Joseph she produced ch Hellingly Patricia, and mated to ch Hellingly Ajax she gave ch Hellingly Duchess. At right - ch Hellingly Joy b Feb ’29 – ch Wantley Joy ex ch Hellingly Joseph – winner of nine cc’s but left no progeny. –

Dd June '28 Benton Adonis b Aug ‘26 bred by Mr H C Liddell & Miss H M Liddell – ch Weland' dau Westcroft Shiela ex ch Westcroft Blaise –. According to the KCSB Adonis got in ’28 the cc at the Richmond Dog Society show judged by Mr J J Holgate - res cc Mr W H Calcott' King Agrippa, 3rd Menai Anglesea - bitch cc ch Menai Juno, res ch Wantley Joy, 3rd Cleveland Defender’ dau Beamsley Mary; Adonis’ only other KCSB registered prize was a 3rd Limit at Crufts '30 under Major Harding Cox.

At left – Tasmanian Governor Franklin inspects the dog line at Eaglehawk Neck, a fascinating part of Tasmanian convict history. Tethered at regular intervals, with lamp posts reflecting light onto cockle shells, the purpose of the dog line was was to prevent convicts escaping the Tasman Peninsula from the Port Arthur settlement. Eaglehawk Neck is a narrow isthmus, and there were enough dogs in the line to stretch across the width of the sand dunes. Their barking would alert the guards to any movement in the bush.


‘The Mastiff Guard, a reminiscence of Van Diemen’ land’ - written and illustrated by Mr Harden Sidney Melville b ’24 London, draughtsman and painter. – ‘In the year 1842, during the stay at Hobart Town of H M S Fly, whose voyage is celebrated in the annals of scientific discovery, Mr Jukes, the geologist, myself, and others belonging to the exploring staff, accompanied the late Sir John Franklin 1786-47 and his devoted wife in the Government yacht on a cruise to the Penal Settlements of Norfolk Bay. Sir John had recently been appointed Governor of Van Diemen' Land, and this was his first official visit. The stations, many of them most picturesquely situated, covered the whole of Tasman' peninsula. At that time they were under the command of Captain Booth, a very energetic officer, whose headquarters were at Port Arthur. All kinds of precautions were taken to prevent the escape of any of the choice spirits whose crimes had won for them a home in this wild region. One of these precautions consisted of a guard of dogs, on the narrow strip of land called Eagle Hawk Neck, which unites Forster' and Tasman' peninsulas. Across the middle part of this isthmus, where the distance from beach to beach is not more than a few hundred yards, there was a row of short posts, each supporting an oil-lamp.

At the foot of each post a large cask was fixed, in which dwelt a terrible fellow, in the shape of a huge mongrel Mastiff, of the fiercest breed. The dogs were allowed sufficient tether to approach each other pretty closely, but not close enough to exercise their ferocity on one another. These Cerberi were regularly rationed and entered on the books, as were the human officials who shared with them the task of guarding the settlement. A Polish convict, said to have been of noble birth, was the only person who dared to approach the animals, and to him accordingly was allotted the duty of trimming the lamps at night. On either side of the isthmus there was a sectional mound of earth overgrown with a coarse grass, and occupied by a sentry, usually a private of one of the regular troops stationed at Port Arthur. These lonely sentinels needed stout hearts and sinewy frames to encounter the terrors of a wild night, when the discordant howls of their fierce four-footed auxiliaries, the roaring of the wind and the dashing of the waves upon the beach, must together have made such an unearthly concert as few would care to listen to. Never shall I forget the terrific uproar of the animals, and their frantic exertions to extend their chains, as our party, led by Sir John and Lady Franklin, advanced toward them. I saw at a glance what poor chance of escape there was for any unfortunate who might attempt to pass the Mastiff guard. On one occasion a poor wretch endeavoured to escape from the peninsula, by wading through the surf at low water; but the howling of the dogs soon exposed him to the sentry' musket, and he was captured; not, however, before he had received two shots. - At right – ‘Arrival of Dogs’ drawn by Mr Harden Sidney Melville on the occasion of the International Dog Show at the Agricultural Hall Islington dd June ‘65, a/o the Captain Garniers Lion' son Governor led by his breeder/owner Mr T H V Lukey including cane.

The communications between the different stations were effected by means of the Semaphore telegraph. During a subsequent visit to this locality, I happened to have occasion to make use of the telegraph; and while waiting my turn, found that the message just transmitted related to the finding of the body of a convict, number so-and-so, who had been drowned while attempting to escape. Whale-boats were much used at Port Arthur. On more than one occasion whole crews of prisoners have escaped in them to turn up in strange lands, or find a a grave beneath, the waves. Captain Booth narrated many stirring incidents, which had fallen under his notice on this peninsula, but they are of too painful a nature to be repeated here. I do not know whether the Mastiff guard still exists; but I am inclined to think that it does not, as I have heard that the penal settlement of Port Arthur has advanced considerably in civilization since 1842. The Fly visited the harbour of Port Arthur, which is only used by men-of-war, twice, for the purpose of refitting.’ –


In Mr Harden Sidney Melville’ autobiographical The Adventures of a Griffin on a Voyage of Discovery dd ’67, he speedily began to regard with conceited contempt the drawing master’ copy, and acquired with some readiness the power of drawing from nature; and so in a few years, during which a medal had been gained at the Society of Arts, a picture or two placed near the ground at the [Royal] Academy Exhibition, and a provincial sketching tour or so had been accomplished, the young art-student became confirmed in his calling.


Splendid visions of the South Pacific acquired from reading Captain Cook’ Voyages as a boy, said Harden, induced him to accept the position of draughtsman on board HMS Fly in ‘41. Under the command of Captain Francis Price Blackwood Fly and her tender Bramble he conducted the first official hydrographic survey of the north-east coast of Australia in ‘42-46. Melville later regretted this 'time given up from the regular practice of my profession and spent either in countries which rarely offered anything worthy of its exercise, or under circumstances which made that exercise almost impossible’. He found Australia very dreary, writing of 'the dull, matter-of-fact, dense, unchanging and monotonous forests of the vast and tractless Australian regions’, which he compared unfavourably with the romantic palm trees and spice groves of the East.

At left & 2nd - The Scarlet Pimpernel b Sept ’13 bred by Mrs D Berry – ch Felix’ paternal niece Galazora ex ch Brompton Duke -, owned by Mr Walter E Crawshaw. Mated to Beowulf’ dau Sunflower, he produced ch Boadicea – see centre -, dam of Ashenhurst ch’s Bernicea & Cedric. Ch The Scarlet Pimpernel entered the stud books re the show year ’16 and, after the Crufts res cc under Mr Wm Hunter Johnston – cc Pimpernel’ sire ch Brompton Duke, he gained three cc’s in a row, ie in May at the LKA under Miss C M Garland – res ch British Monarch’ son Prospector, 3rd Pimpernel’ younger brother Young John Bull – see at right -, in June at Manchester under Cleveland breeder Mr Geo Cook – res Cleveland Monarch’ son Flabbergast, and in July at Richmond under Mr Mark Beaufoy – res Lidgett Conqueror’ son Brindled Monarch, 3rd Young John Bull.

By Mr Richard Hewitt Moore '38–10, author of the ‘correct type of head’ drawing issued by the Old   English Mastiff Club. Quote p 185 of Mr Chas H Lane’ Dog Shows & Doggy People - ed 1902 -

'A native of North Leigh nr Blenheim Palace , the home of the Dukes of Marlborough ~ Oxfords. On leaving school he commenced with wood engraving, which he afterwards gave up on account of the close confinement it enforced, and took up drawing as a profession, studying the human nature and portrait drawing, but for many years has devoted himself almost entirely to animal portraits. Occasionally he painted in water-colours and oils, but his constant commissions in black and white have taken up most of his time, although he has done some excellent modelling in clay, and is very fond of that work. Although I am not at all sure he ever exhibited a dog or any other animal in his life, he is such a well-known and universally esteemed visitor at most of the best shows, where he often has several ‘subjects’ to immortalise.’ -

From left to right – 1) the aged ch Peter Piper owned by Mr Josep Royle, 2) authentic advert card of Mr Joseph Royle’ butcher’ shop at 34 Oldham road Manchester, only 80 yards away from 3) Virginia House situated justly between the ‘ Crown & Kettle ‘ pub and the Daily Express offices Ancoats street, and  ornated on top by 4) a lying long coated big dog. Due to the unfortunate perspective it’s difficult to access but seemingly it represents the St Bernard breed, probably chosen as ‘trade mark‘ logo for a business. Knowing Mr Joseph Royle (of ‘Brantley’ kennels) owned a number of superb classy Saint specimens and also commissioned splendid portraits of his Saints a/o of Lord Douglas, Lord Hatherton (purchased at £480 auction prize), Baron Othmar and also of his Mastiff ch Peter Piper, could mean that this very place, only eighty yards away of his pork butcher’ shop, was used as his city residence incl a ground floor store.


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