MB Wynne

MB Wynne

Mr Wynne’ History of the Mastiff’ which has this year ‘come of age’ having been published in 1886 , is even after this lapse of time [ twenty years ] a classic among ‘doggy men’ . At the time of its publication it had a tremendous vogue alike in England and America , the leading journals , without exception , publishing favourable critiques . ‘ From Lincolnshire Leaders : social and political . ‘  by Ernest Gaskell , published ‘solely for Private Circulation ’ about 1907 .

MB (Malcolm Bush)  Wynne was born at Wickham - Hampshire on 9 March 1852 and was educated privately at home by his father , Robert Wynne , an Anglican Reverend born in London’ Camberwell nearby Brixton who was a scholar [Master of Arts] at Wadham - Oxford . 1881 became an ‘annus horribilis’ by the passings of his invalid sis Charlotte ‘Eva’ Reeve W- [b ‘53] and of his father , the Vicar of Scalford while his mother Elizabeth Law moved to Minehead in Somerset where she died the next year .

MB Wynne left Scalford Rectory for The Elms – Rothley (fifteen mls SW of Scalford) and in 1883 he married Miss M A B Sunderland , a daughter of John Sunderland, Esq , J P [Justice of Peace] , Coley Hall , an historic seat at Hipperholme near Halifax . His interests besides Mastiffs were also local history & archaeology . In ’86 his booklet became published , two years later he resigned as a member of the OEMC and became trained at the Gloucester School , the following year he was ordained a deacon and finally priest in 1890 . Malcolm Bush Wynn became Rector of the parishes East - & West Allington [some five miles north of Belvoir castle] nearby Grantham until his death on 3 March 1909 . He was President of the Grantham Clerical Society  & Co-Manager of the School .

MB Wynne bred his first Mastiff litter in the year 1867 , being an only fifteen years old boy . So it is obvious his father , the Vicar Robert Wynne , was certainly involved with the Mastiff scene , as MB Wynne was also only eighteen when he firstly entered Mastiffs at shows in 1870 . According to the 1873’ KC Stud Book, his first males were LL Pemberton’ Wolf , Monarch , Hercules & Lima , his first bitches  champion Empress and her daughter champion Peeress .

Hercules was bred by Reverend Baxendale of Kent perhaps  acquaintance of his father Robert Wynne who , being Perpetual Curate at Corhampton between ’56-’65 , owned ‘the tallest horse in Hampshire’ , that according to the Records of the Corrie family . So ‘size’ seems to have been an important feature for father & son Wynne …

Impington Hall nr Cambridge, residence of Samuel Pepys’ family & later on of Charles Bamford , owner of Wolf b ‘59 , bred by Loftus Leigh Pemberton of Torry Hill ~ Sittingbourne , formerly owned by MB Wynne  . The latter deserves some explanation , ie MB Wynne was born in 1852 and therefore still a child when 'Wolf' was born , so the time line directs to his father Rev ‘Bob’ Wynne as the one who purchased that Mastiff while living with his family in Hampshire and after he (and his sis Fanny) inherited a large sum (£14.000) from their aunt Mary (1789-1861) whose very wealthy husband Henry Dickinson died in 1856 .

Coley Hall (above at right), the parental home of MB Wynne' wife , was only one mile remoted of St Ann’ in the Briers , Southowram , the residence of James Wigglesworth Thompson,  the breeder of Cautley’ Quaker & also not far away Sir Titus Salt’ Crownest at Lightcliffe . Coley Hall belonged once to Captain John Hodgson who was arrested by supporters of the monarchy for his military activities as a Roundhead , and was imprisoned at Ripon, where he died in 1680;  the site was a Priory in mediaeval times , and part of the present structure , a Grade II* listed building , was built in 1572 .

At left ~ Oil painting of ch King by Harrison Wm Weir ; at right oil painting  by EF Holt , presumably a scene nearby Wynn' home in Scalford Leicestershire showing 'Monarch'  KCSB 2317 b 1867 [bred & owned by MB Wynne by ch King x  Captain Cox’ Norah] .

His own bred Mastiff stock from 1867 till 1886 was rather ultimately linebred to that well known champion King  , grandson of  Cautley’ Quaker.

The Lord of the Manor at Scalford , situated in the Vale of Belvoir , was Charles Cecil John Manners, the 6th Duke of Rutland [1815 – 1888] residing at the grandBelvoir Castle , only six miles North of Scalford and only three miles away the village of Waltham in the Wolds which in those days was owned by his Grace . Regularly the Belvoir hounds hunted after the fox in the surroundings of Scalford . Cuthbert Bradley ‘The foxhound of the twentieth Century’, edited 1914 , describes in the reminiscences of Frank Gillard also the Belvoir Gambler ' 85, one of the greatest Foxhounds that was ever bred ~ 'Although Belvoir Gambler cannot be bred from rule of thumb, the proportions of this remarkable Foxhound are worth preserving as an example of what symmetry should be . Standing twenty-three inches at the shoulder, from the extreme point of his shapely shoulders to the outer curve of his well-turned quarters, he measured twenty-seven and a half inches in length whilst from elbow to ground his height was only twelve inches . Possessing great depth of rib and room round the heart, he girthed thirty-one inches, and his arm below was eight and a quarter inches round . Below the knee he measured eight and a quarter inches of solid bone, while round the thigh he spanned full nine and a quarter inches . The extended neck was ten inches from cranium to shoulder and the head ten inches and a half long. His color was of the richest, displaying all of the beautiful "Belvoir tan," and his head had that brainy appearance expressive of the highest intelligence .'

In chapter X1 about ‘the Mastiff from Elizabeth’ reign’ , page 130 , MB Wynne states that ‘ There is also a fine painting of a cropped eared , xanthic fawn coloured, black eared , black muzzled Mastiff at Belvoir Castle , by the Flemish artist Weeninx , who died in 1621 , aged only thirty-nine . Thus we may estimate the picture would be painted about 1610 . It represents a Mastiff just having killed a wolf , a hunter has come up and is in the act of blowing the horn, the dog is standing on a fallen butt of a tree , and is barking ; it has the short head and blunt muzzle , and is of vast size , with ponderous limbs , and would hold its own on the show bench at the present day . ‘

At right - Scalford’ Church , St Egelwin the Martyr , is a fine ancient fabric ; but the chancel was rebuilt in 1845 by the late Duke of Rutland , as impropriator, and the church was thoroughly restored at a cost of £1150, in 1849, when a new organ was erected . The tower contains three bells and a clock . His Grace was also patron of the vicarage, valued in 1863 at £335 per annum . The family of Rev. Robert Wynne was the incumbent of this handsome residence , built in 1842 , at a cost of £1200 . Part of the poor’s land at Scalford was let in allotments to labourers, and the Duke of Rutland lets seven , and the vicar twelve acres of land to poor tenants, who cultivate them by spade husbandry, and pay rents averaging about 35s. per acre .

In 1870 MB Wynne bred a litter out of Brenda  (ch King ex Nichols’ Brenda I ~ who was sis to Hales’ ch Lion)    sired by Lindoe’ Druid [Ch Queen’ sire] resulting in Druidess who produced champion Lottie ,   bred by Miss Anglionby . Wynn’ Druidess was the start off of a splendid brood line , namely            ~ f1 Lottie   ~F2 Ida ~F3 Negress ~F4 The Lady Rowena ~ , the latter gave birth to the famous six Turner’ champions . The following year MB Wynne bred his only homebred champion , ie ch King' daughter Peeress  .      Note - Mr  George Nevile Wyatt of Dulwich b 1850 Champaran, Rangoon, India, son of an Indigo planter,  owned in ’76 Druidess b ’70 & bred the Wynn(e)s, purchased  from Mr Nichols (who bred two litters from her, ie by Big Ben & ch Granby), and Duchess b ’72 & bred by Mr Nichols out of Ursa sired by Big Ben. His grandfather George Nevile Wyatt 1775-’61 was a Surgeon HEICS who emigrated to India.

In 1872 or '73 *** the Mastiff Breeding Club was founded with  the young Vicar’ son , Malcolm Bush Wynne , as it’s Secretary and a guiding text   'A true type of the British Mastiff' was published in a/o an extra chapter of  Henry Webb' booklet -'Dogs , Their Points , Pecularities , Instincts & Whims' new edtion dd 1973 ; The Boys' Book of Manly Exercises ,  Sports &  Games published by EP DUTTON & Co , 713  Broadway -NY dd 1881 mentions a/o - 'The Committee in Council of the Mastiff Breeding Club determined that the Chapter by Mr. Wynne be the standard of Points' .

***  According to a  Kennel Gazette' article dd 1936 it seems the particular year of Club foundation became one of arguments of the Plaintiff (Mr Oliver) in the court case against Norah Dickin , ie the Plaintiff remarked that - 'on page 18 of the Plaintiff' reprint he assigns the year 1873 as that which the Mastiff Club was formed ;  on page 53 of the Defendant' book  she assigns the same year , but the year is wrong . The Club was formed in 1872 . Where did the Defendant get her date from ? The answer is , I do not doubt , the Plaintiff' article' - .

Note - No evidence  of authenticity is given  in regards to the Plaintiff' claim  that 'The Club was formed in 1872' , and  till present date the writer here hasn't found any reliable source which may substantiate that specific   Plaintiff' claim  ; the only thing at hand being the hereabove mentioned new edition of Henry Webb' book (including Wynne' Standard of Points) published in 1873  . If 'The Club was formed in 1872' , then it even was  a year before the Kennel Club was founded . To not exclude the possibility of authenticity regarding Mr Oliver' claim , CH Lane' book Dogs Show & Doggy People may be mentioned , ie on page 26/7 a/o - 'On October 2nd till 5th 1872 was held in the Great Market Place , Nottingham , the Grand National Dog Show with the Earls Howe & Manners as Presidents . The respectable entry of 843 was secured ; the judges chosen for the occasion being : Bloodhounds , Mastiffs, St Bernards & Newfoundlands , Messrs Edgar Hanbury , W Harrison & MB Wynne ; non-sporting had a good average representation - St Bernards coming up fairly well but there was only a small entry for Mastiffs .' It is well recorded that all kind of breed clubs held committee meetings , &c , on the occasion of dog shows . So there's a chance that the Grand National Dog Show at Nottingham  (only twenty mls away from MB Wynn' living place at Scalford)  was a good opportunity for those judges being present , ie Hanbury & Wynne , to deliberate on & approve the formation of a breed club , in casu 'The Mastiff Breeding  Club' .

In 1873 the Kennel Club was established to regulate dog shows and start off a Stud Book . In the first volume [1874] 120 Mastiffs were entered . Much of this information was apparently supplied by Wynn , stating in his book ’ having revised the Mastiff pedigrees in it for the editor … and also furnished him with considerable information for the work , I know that the pedigrees in the 1874 volume are fairly accurate , although one or two errors crept in . ‘

The standard for the ‘ Mastiff Club’ as it was known from 1874 was completely rewritten , as from scratch  , in 1880 and with once again Malcolm Bush Wynne as the author . The new standard was more detailed than the original , but the two didn’t conflict at any point . The Mastiff Club was finally dissolved due to a/o the penalty of expulsion of members who showed their Mastiffs under judges who weren’t member of the Mastiff Club or at shows who were not approved by the Mastiff Club . The result was an utter lack of support and the Northampton show of 1876 held under their auspices had only four entries , a similar fiasco occurred at Bristol in 1877 .

According to the Stud Book the first Mastiff owned by MB Wynne & his father was Wolf KC No 2353 , bred by Loftus Leigh Pemberton [Lord Kingsdown] of Torry Hill , Sittingbourne .  ‘….Wolf [KC. No 2353] , whose head perhaps has never been surpassed if equalled ‘ sic M.B. Wynn page 168 . This Wolf was half brother to the 1st Mastiff champion ever , namely Hanbury’ Duchess . He grandsired ch. Taurus and both parents of champion Wolsey , viz.  the Hanbury’ champions  Queen & Rajah . Wolf was out of Whynot sired by the renowned Thompson’ Tiger , owned by the London’ dog dealer Bill George . Malcolm Bush Wynn mentions in his book page 211 ‘ Bill George’ Tiger himself was crooked in his legs and slack in loin , both defects probably owing to bad rearing , as his immediate progenitors were very good in both respects and Tiger’ stock , although one or two were a little slack in loin , were very straight in the legs , and also very active animals .

Four sons of Tiger’ out of different bitches , viz. Wolf , Rufus , Bruin and Captain died in my possession . Rufus [firstly owned by Lord Kingsdown] could jump a five barred gate when past eight years old …’ ~~’Rufus was born with dewclaws ; nothing is known of the pedigree of his dam [Whynot] , and I had it from very good authority , that her coat was somewhat woolly , and there was very little doubt that she was of the Alpine blood , and crossing such unallied blood would fully account for any abnormal rebundancies , as supernumerary teeth , dewclaws etc. Wolf , Phillis , Rufus , Sampson , Bruin and Branch were very uniform in type .

The most striking characteristics of the Tiger line were magnificent heads , jet black ears and muzzles , generally stone fawn with dark clouded patches or sooty back , showing the brindle blood of their ancestry , ears medium size , but rather inclined to be too large and thick , coat hard and fine . Cautley’ Quaker was nearly allied to Bill George’ Tiger … his grandson , Old King [ bred by G.K. Field & owned by E. Field , Upper Marsh, Lambeth, very nearby the Houses of Parliament ] took after him very much in type .

This King blood dominated MB Wynne’ breeding stock ; his first two litters were sired by King himself , the third was out of Brenda , a King’ daughter sired by Pemberton’ Faust , the son of Pemberton Jenny [full sis to Wolf & Rufus] . Much of his later stock was linebred to those pioneering breeding lines .'

From the Stud Book , one can state that MB Wynne bought a considerable number of adult specimens . A/o from Mr E.C. Nicholson of Herne hill London , Lion KC. No 2313 bred by Field ; from Mr Jas. Morris of Oswestry , two sisters of champion Countess [ch. The Emperor’ dam] , namely Maud & Madeline ; from Reverend F.W. de Castro of Coventry , ch. Countess’ son Stanley , the one painted by Vaughn Davies and bearing a great likeness to Crown Prince , although made before the dog [Crown Prince] came out , [he seemingly obtained as a matter of stud fee Stanley’ son Mr Meek’ Marmion ~ later on called Stanley II] ; from Mr WH Balleston of Palewell Villa  East Sheen , Sepoy who was out of ch The Shah’ sis Mona and sired by ch Wolsey ; from Mr Edwin Nichols ch Beau’ sire , Prince [ch Wolsey’ brother] and from Mr J Elwell of Birmingham , ch ‘bulldoggy’  ch Taurus , the controversial winner of Birmingham 1874 show , judged by MB Wynn !

Taking into account his ownership of a splendid set of highly bred specimens , it must have been rather disappointing for Malcolm Bush Wynn to have bred only one champion [ Peeress ] . Hereabove at the right  - Wynne' Young King was born in 1875 out of ch King' Juno sired by ch King' son ch Taurus .

The article here below about MB Wynne’ Mastiff kennels dates from 1878 , five years after the emerge of the ‘Mastiff Breeders Club’ founded by himself , Edgar Hanbury & perhaps some others . The Birmingham Dog Show seems to have been the Club’ yearly most important appointment ; MB Wynn or Edgar Hanbury being the judge between ’73-’78 and cc’s went mainly to specimens bred by Hanbury - ie Rajah , Taurus, Wolsey & Queen while Wynne’ Peeress won in ’72 & ’75 .

This Club made probably a major mistake by arranging a rule which obliged her members to enter only under judges approved by the Club , in the mean time MB Wynne wrote many breed articles , a/o published in the American Kennel Gazette & greatly respected over there . So the downfall was complete when a group of London’ fanciers not only began a new club called ‘The Old English Mastiff Club' , but also prepared for a branch club in America !

The article mentions the Wynnes’ The Czar w/out pedigreed references. Rev Thomas Charles Hose of Roydon bred Mr W Rollinson’ Reine* b ’84 out of Czar’ daughter Neva/Vera sired by ch Taurus’ son Taurus II b ’77 owned by Mr WH Sturgess of Longton Staffs; Czar is described as ‘out of Karnac sired by Trusty’. The Wynnes purchased Karnac’ dam Brenda from Mr John Lingen Seager and mated her to Governor’ son’ Faust which gave Miss Hales’ Fabius.  So perhaps they also purchased  her daughter Karnac from the same person. - Mr Rollinson sold his Reine* to Dr J Frank Perry of Ashmont kennels Boston and mated to Clement 8793, she produced Queen of Ashmont owned by St. Joe Kennels Niles Mich.

A brief biography of MB Wynne appeared in the strangely-composed [ and overtly Tory ] compilation ‘ Lincolnshire Leaders : social and political ‘ by Ernest Gaskell , published ‘solely for Private Circulation ’ about 1907 .

’One of the most distinguished antiquarians in the County of Lincolnshire is Reverend Malcolm B. Wynne , of West Arlington Rectory , Grantham . From his earliest days he has been addicted to delving into the mysteries of the past , and that his labours have brought forth good fruit is evidenced by the erudite works which have emanated from his pen , which is decidedly that of a ready writer . A suave , even and eloquent speaker , Mr Wynne has a thorough grasp of his subject , and therefore , not unnaturally is in great request as a lecturer. No man possesses a wider knowledge of the social life and habits of the men in Lincolnshire during the Roman and Saxon periods , and though the subject would hardly seem likely to appeal the mind of the average man in the street , the fact that Mr Wynne is announced to lecture is sufficient to crowd any hall to the doors , is eloquent testimony of the reverend gentlemen’s powers of oratory and persuasion . Living as he does in a remote country village , Mr Wynne taken an absorbing interest in all matters appertaining to country life , but more particularly in the breeding and rearing of live-stock . A lover of dogs , his knowledge of the mastiff breed is excelled by none of his contemporaries , whether in England or America . In his day he has been a successful breeder of these magnificent creatures . ~  Mr Wynne’ History of the Mastiff’ which has this year ‘come of age’ having been published in 1886 , is even after this lapse of time [ twenty years ] a classic among ‘doggy men’ . At the time of its publication it had a tremendous vogue alike in England and America, the leading journals , without exception , publishing favourable critiques . He was a familiar figure at dog shows all over the country , generally in the capacity of judge , and seldom , if ever , were his rulings disputed .'