It was ca 1914 the last so-called Lyme litter was born and this copy - here above - of Mr George Cook’ kennel book may give the perception that one or even more Lyme litters came from well-known show Mastiff stock as a/o the Clevelands of Mr Cook – Middlesbrough. The copy shows three missed stud services dd ca 1910 by his Cleveland Leopold - see at left -, the one which sired the celebrated champion pair Brompton Duke & sis B- Duchess. The left one is of particular interest as it goes about a brood called Duchess owned by Lord Newton, aka Thomas Wodehouse Legh - 2nd Baron Newton 1857–42, addressed Newton-le-Willows where the Legh family, of Lyme Hall,  owned a country house called ‘Newton Hall’ – see at right - since 1660.  Lord Newton’ land agent was Mr Arthur Cecil Leslie, son of Mr John Leslie of Brook Lodge Albury – Surrey, and the occupant of Newton Hall between 1881-13 was Mr Robert Hood Wright 1847-34 of the Selwood prefix who bred &/or owned Deerhounds, Bull-terriers (his first fancy), Bloodhounds, Irish Wolfhounds, Great Danes, Borzois, and others. -  See also Miscellanea One No 24.

Group photograph dd early XX c presenting an old Mastiff owned by Mr George Bethel Bayley of 10 Elgin road Croydon annex his dog licence dd '06 for keeping one dog at the sum of 7 shillings in a period the Mastiff breed became quite rare. - One of London’ prestigious photographic firms was Negretti & Zambra  located at the Holborn viaduct [within easy reach of Mr WK Taunton’ city residence at Hatton Garden]; they once had the ‘exclusive rights’ of any kind of photography at the Crystal Palace annex grounds, a/o during the OEMC show August 1890 when the son of Dr Richard Derby, Secretary of the American Mastiff Club, was forbidden to take private pictures of the Mastiffs entered…  - Mr George Bethel Bayley ’53-31 was a Tariff Reformer, member of the Board of Trade Departmental Committee on Railway Superannuation, and author of the book 'Seamen of the Downs' with the immediate object endowing a bed in the Victoria (War Memorial) Hospital at Deal for the use of the lifeboatmen of Kent.

Mr Morris Kinney’ father Mr Francis Sherwood K- and his younger brother Abbot K- had founded Kinney Brothers Tobacco Company, one of the leading cigarette manufacturers in the late XIX century. Eventually they merged their company with others into the ‘Tobacco trust‘ organized by MrJames Buchanan Duke. Departing for Paris to-night, Mr Morris Kinney '91-45 said he had bought seven dogs, a/o ch British Monarch, at the price of $5.000, a princely fortune given the average household was supported on less than $500 per year.

Mr Morris Kinney’ Lidgett Marquis b Oct ’09 & bred by Mr R J Burch - out of ch Sam’ Sweetheart ex Mellnotte’ son Salisbury - got in ’12 a 3rd Open prize at the LKA London preceded by Lt-Col Z Walker’ ch Lord of the Manor. Mr Kinney’ Bullwell Queen may refer to Mr Archibald Brookes, of  Strelley Street Bullwell nr Nottingham, who bred Captain George Harrison Ballantyne' King Lear b Sept ‘10 and tracing back to the Cleveland stock of Mr George Cook of Middlesbrough, namely - out of ch Felix’ paternal niece Marton Princess Thelma sired by Bullwell Boy -, the latter out of Countess unr ex ch Felix’ paternal half brother Lord Byron. 

At left - A postcard - provenance Cardiff Wales but w/out any data; arguably a quite typical male of the late XIX or early XX c.  - At right - Aesop’ fable  called 'The Dog and the Shadow’ -  'It happened that a dog had found a piece of meat and was carrying it home in his mouth to eat it in peace. On his way back to his home, he occasioned to cross a wooden plank lying across a fast-running brook. As he crossed the plank, he looked down and saw his own shadow reflected in the burbling water beneath. Thinking it was another dog with another piece of meat, he made up his mind to have that piece too. So, he made a snap at the shadow in the water, but as he opened his mouth the piece of meat fell out, dropped into the water, and was promptly swept away and never again seen. Beware lest you lose the substance by grasping at the shadow.' -

Quote - Don’t let slip the things you have that are real and substantive in the pursuit of the ephemeral, the prospective, or the offhandedly promised. This is not to say you should not be willing to set it all aside and go after something bigger or something better. But make sure you do it intelligently, and be aware of what you’re giving up, or might be giving up, when you do so, so you can make the best and most informed decision about which path to trod. – Chase.

Fanciers Journal March 15 1890 Specialty Clubs and Us - Beneficial Effects by R F Mayhew.

'The next Specialty which deserves attention is known as the Old English Mastiff Club, whose beneticial effects are not only a matter of ancient history, but are as famed as the laws of the Medes and Persians. To be fair and lionest— the undisputed aim of every ‘knight of the pen'— their lavish distribution of 'challenge cups’ and the practical advantages extended by them to breeders should undoubtedly have established that improvement which is so conspicuous by its absence. Mr Wynn, I know, declares the breed has improved, but he is the undoubted founder of the ‘extremists’. Unlike the Fox Terrier men of the same ilk, he advocated ‘head, nothing but head', and had it not been for him, neither Rajah's nor Taurus' name would have become so renowned.

On the other hand equally well-known men, such as Mr Nichols, the late Mr Walsh, and probably I, (this is mere premise) Mr. Edgar Hanbury declare to the contrary, and as for the proprietor of the only pure l.yme Hall, were he to scan the present lumps of indolence, a prayer for their total anuihilation would be uttered with such ardent fervor that the gods would be compelled to accede. When one looks back to the past representatives of this breed, regret with many ... If not only on account of the transposition of the present Mastiffs, but also for the many faces which no longer appear on the scenes of competition.

I don't know whether it is because Mastiffs were the first breed to inspire the canine mania in my dyspeptic person, or because my first associations of dog shows necessitated my mixing in their circles; nevertheless, it seems to me that shows of to-day and exhibitors of this variety are not the jovial camaraderie of days gone by. In those days when Mr Sam Hardley, the Rev Pearce, that prince of ‘cranks' Mr Kingdon, and the Messrs Hanbury and Garnier associated in the ring, there appeared to be more vigorous keenness amongst competitors as to the result. Now the few exhibitors walk around in a desultory sort of way, with their inanimate and obese constructions ‘crawling’ in their wake. It has previously been written that mastiffs as well as other big dogs were especially intended for the companionship and protection of the lower biped man . A dog to accompany his master anywhere and everywhere, whether for a thirty miles' gallop or a ten mile so-as-you please ; a dog that should combine the strength of a Samson with the activity of a ‘Taglioni', and twenty years ago these existed, but now— perish such thoughts, thanks to the kind interference of the 'extremist'. instead of the benevolent but resolute expression portrayed some time back, he (the extremist, specialist, or whatever one likes to call him) has given us a vacant, sour, dull, surly cast of countenance, which has become positively repulsive.

For the eye which was brimful of fearless boldness, undying faith, love and unfathomable intelligence, the polished culturist has considered a primrosey yellow, or a resinous hue of the same color far more preferable, and no doubt in the opinion of Mr Oscar Wilde and his followers, this is a distinct advantage. It is not only the ‘daffodillery yallorey’ orb which greets one at a show I complain of but the glassy inanimate stare accompanying it. Yellow is undoubtedly a desirable color in some animals, but I do not think it conducive to that look of resolute intelligence requisite in the Mastiff. Yellow is also associated with all complications arising from the liver, but it cannot be that the Mastiff of to-day has been suffering from chronic disease of that organ ; if so there are several remedies to check the malady, for has not Mr Carter with his lilliputian pills, and Mr Heecham with his Shakespearean discoveries, reduced this complaint to a minimum. Better still, why shouldn't the 'O. E. M. C.' start a ‘pate du foiegras' company? If this were done the aims of the extremists would not have been in vain nor would the constitution of the 'O. E. M. C.' have been such a failure.

With regard to forelegs, or the front part generally of this species, I think the preference remains with the early representatives, for sprawling feet and weak pasterns are much more conspicuous now than in the past. Muzzles and heads should undoubtedly have been mentioned before, as these are the properties of which the Mastiff is composed, if the extremists' aims are to be considered. That the muzzle should be short, square and blunt, is, I believe, the authentic direction laid down in all descriptions of the breed; but at the present time the question arises how short, how square and how blunt is this said muzzle to be ? Is the squareness, shortness and bluntness to put to shame all our Rustic Kings, Rustic Models, Britomartises, Pathfinders, Bedgebury Lions*, etc.? or is it to define distinction between a long pointed houndy property of that ilk, and a proportionate, substantial, powerful and deep one ? This is the question, and it seems to me the ‘specialist’ in studying this property has become so enraptured with it that he has been unable to extend his research beyond to the limits of the skull. Here his task has ended, a slight transposition of the old saying being, I think, very applicable to his case, viz., ‘every man for head and the devil takes the hind part'. - At right -  Bedgebury Lion * b Aug '88 owned by  Mr Philip B Beresford Hope of Bedgebury Park Goudhurst  Kent.

If one takes the heads of individuals both past and present (I am not in the position to criticise ‘Ansdell’ Leo, Lukey' Governor, etc, but must be content to commence at the time of Field' King, the muzzles are certainly shorter now than they were formerly, many specimens of the present having that supercillious upward tendency which is probably the outcome of an imaginary superiorily; still in spite of this self-possessed expression of pre-eminence, my love is with the older representatives, nor do I think any animal has yet surpassed Granby in grandness of expression, deepness and bluntness of muzzle, and proportionate expanse of skull. Perhaps youthful impetuosity may to some extent have prejudiced my ideas, but I still have a feeling that could I own the Mastiffs of my choice. I would select Granby, Wolsey, and the three bitches Mr Hanbury once showed together, viz, Queen, Hebe and Herpa. Granby has always impressed me as one of the best Mastiffs I ever saw.

I may be wrong, but as his image rises before me, I see a grand square-headed dog, with the most benevolent expression, exceedingly tall- in fact, as tall as his more successful rival ch Green' Monarch, a little lacking in back ribs, slightly narrow behind, but a most beautiful silver fawn, good proportions in length and back, and in spite of his slight tendency to be narrow behind (not so apparent, mind you, as in the objects of to-dav). an agile, active looking dog. and in general appearance amostperfect gentleman, in fact in the the latter respect he scored so tremendously over Monarch, as well as in head properties and coat, that the other's more substantial bone, more immense frame, and better hind-quarters, could never in my opinion counterbalance that high-class demeanor so apparent in my favorite; and never shall I forget the day when at one of the Crystal Palace shows in 1874, Green' Monarch and he came together for a special under the Rev Pearce. It was a grand sight, for these two were about the finest specimens, not only of Mastiffs, but of any breed that have yet appeared (of course the St Bernards  Plinlimnion, Sir Bedivere and Watch would receive reference, but then they have a decided advantage in coat and color), and when the judge,after a long deliberation, decided in favor of Monarch, I felt quite gulpy, in spite of Mr Green being a great friend of mine. Monarch, as is well known, was an enormous dog, with immense bone, good strong pasterns, and had close feet, very compactly built, with powerful back ribs strong loin, and graceful hindquarters, and for so immense a dog I think he scored over Plinlimnion in being more compact, sturdier, and also more proportionate.

Mr Green' Monarch - see at right 1st row, reportedly 177 lb & 33 1/2 i at shoulder - was very coarse in texture of coat, and his head had not that beautiful finish of Granby, his ears being also thick and large - all these more common properties he probably got from his sire, Mr Nichols’ Hercules, though however such a grand dog could have been produced out of the miserable specimen is beyond comprehension. There is no harm in speaking of her now, for she and her son have long since joined their ancestors. In color Monarch' dam Nelly - Martorells Sultan' dau Marguerite ex Bill Georges Charley' son Faust - was a deep red, with some suspicious black shadings, which at once suggested an outcross of Bloodhound, and in size she was about the same as the latter; her muzzle was long and pointed, skull narrow, and ears, oh, dear! what aprons; and what a savage devil. She would have torn anyone to pieces, yet in this respect her son was as gentle as she was ferocious; he also had a characteristic which I have never yet met with in any other dog, viz, if anyone would put the tips of their fingers in his mouth he would nibble away at the nails until not a particle would remain. It was very comical to see this huge dog, sitting on his bench, nibbling away at a man' nails, with a fervor which deserved a better result. Dear old chap. He has found that peace and rest I hope which his gentleness and kindness so deserved. But I am transgressing to a dreadful extent and must return to the question of ‘heads'. Bar the large ears, where is a better head or expression to be found than those of the two sisters, Mrs Rawlinson' Duchess and Mr Curtis' Countess ? Also Mr Hanbury' Queen, her son Wolsey, and later, that lovely little bitch Elaine, and again, Mr Alston' Colonel. Then for expression, there is no dog to-day who could surpass old Turk, though it was not as short and blunt as one would have wished.

Mention of Turk reminds me of another grand-headed one in his son, Robinson' Punch. Rajah' name should of course come in here, and though he is undoubtedly one of the pillars of the Stud-Book, I am abandoned enough to proclaim my dislike for him. No one can deny Rajah - see below at right, reportedly weighing 140 lb against his son Wolsey - weighing 136 lb and a height of 30 1/2 i, and Taurus 31 i & 135 lb -  was exceedingly small to begin with; his face, though short, square and all that, was inanimate and expressionless, and as he had no other properties, unless a pigmy in stature can lay claim to fine physique. I don't think he was warranted in holding the position on the bench he did.' -

The Illustrated London News dd 12 June 1869 - ' Turk gained the first prize amongst the Mastiffs and non-sporting dogs. He belongs to Mr Edwin Nichols, of Holland-road Kensington. This Mastiff, which stands 32 in high to the shoulder, and weighs 157 lb, is one year and nine months.' -

Author of the articles was British journalist Mr Reginald Frederick Mayhew b '62, better known as Chappie, reportedly ‘a judge and critic of Fox Terriers almost without equal.’ – After relocating to Clifton Staten Island US, both Mayhew and his wife Elizabeth, of Fox Hills prefix,  made an indelible impression on the east coast dog scene as breeders, exhibitors, and primarily as one of the first internationally popular husband and wife judging teams. They judged every major Terrier specialty in addition to a combined total of fifteen Westminster assignments over the years. In 1928 Mrs Elizabeth Beatrice Mayhew née Robb, of Forest Hills NY, becomes the first woman to have a voice in deciding Best In Show, as one of a panel of five judges making the decision. Note - Given his year of birth 1862 Mr Mayhew'  descriptions about the 1870s Mastiffs might be taken to with a grain of salt. Note - Mr Henry Philip Mayhew 1812-87 was  one of the co-founders of the satirical and humorous magazine Punch in 1841, but currently unknown if there's a familiar connection.

The ‘Mr Exley' highly esteemed by Mr Wm Wade refers to Mr Robert Exley 36-05, worsted spinner of The Grange Horsforth via Leeds & 2 New Exchange Bradford. He owned Victor out of Norma - Mr Webb’ Poppett x ch Turk - sired by Lion – Mr Hanbury' Peeress x Mr Hanbury’ Prince -. Mr Exley’ Victor sired 1) Mr Alston' famous ch Colonel' dam Jennette owned by Colonel John James Mellor  ’30-16, cotton manufacturer of The Woodland Whitefield nr Manchester; 2)  Mr F Heinzmann' Tiger b ’73 out of ch Turk’ sis Beldam; and 3) Mr Joseph Royle'  Bosco b ‘78 out of Mr Exley’ Venus (by Mr Green' ch Monarch). Quote Leeds Mercury dd 20 August 1872 – ‘Non-sporting classes Mastiff - silver cup Victor owned by Mr Robert Exley of Bradford (this splendid animal is marked in the catalogue  at 1,000 guineas).' - Mr Robt Exley owned Mr Chas H Masons ch Salisbury’ son Hero II too.

Forest & Stream Oct. 6, 1887 mentions the following re Mr E H Moore’ Ilford Caution – ‘It is a matter of deep regret that the discussion of Messrs Wade and Wynn has run so much to the merits of one particular dog, Mr Wade setting all his faults in exaggerated lines before the public and giving place to none of his good points, thus giving, we believe unintentionally, a false impression of that same dog to the general public. We refer to Mr E H Moore' Ilford Caution. Whatever may be a man' opinion of this dog, we submit that the expressions 'disgusting-looking brute' and ‘snub-nosed beast’ are not properly applicable, and savor more of violent prejudice than calm judgment. It must certainly be very discouraging to Mr Moore to purchase, and import a dog like Caution and then to have him assailed in the newspapers by a man – ed Mr Wm Wade - who views him from one standpoint only. It must certainly be very depressing to intending importers to see Mr Moore' efforts so inconsiderately dealt with.’ - written by ‘X‘ of N Y.

Imperial Chancellor. - see centre – ‘Editor Forest and Stream: Your correspondent, Mr Marshall, errs in imagining himself to be the importer of Imperial Chancellor. Mr Marshall is the purchaser not the importer. Kindly allow me space to reply to his statement: - ‘So far as I am able to ascertain Chancellor is by far the largest and most powerful of the Crown Prince family. He has the most robust body I ever saw on a dog.' - I do not object to Mr Marshall giving his new purchase a free ad but as I own a Crown Prince dog, champion Ilford Caution, I would like to know where Imperial Chancellor beats him in size except about inches in length of legs and muzzle. I examined and measured Chancellor very carefully the past summer. Caution beats him 1 in. in girth of skull, the same in muzzle, 1 in. in forearm, and also in chest, ears and in hocks.  Mr Marshall further quotes from a letter from Mr Wade, where he says, - 'Chancellor has better hocks than any other Crown Prince dog that ever came over here.' - Perhaps Mr Wade has not seen them all. There is one in Boston miles ahead of Chancellor in Mastiff points, and if I remember rightly both Debonair and Prince Waldemar are very much more truly formed in hocks. It is on record that Imperial Chancellor was a cow-hocked dog when in England, and it seems to me that defective limbs in Liverpool would also be detective limbs in New York. Sea air is very invigorating, but I have never known it to straighten the crooked.’ - E H Moore, Melrose Mass.

Editor Forest and Stream: Your are wrongly informed. I imported Imperial Chancellor about a year ago, and have recently sold him to Mr C C Marshall.’ - Ashmont kennels Boston, Mass. [The mistake of crediting to Mr Marshall the importation of Imperial Chancellor was made in the absence ot the editor of this department.] - ‘Editor Forest and Stream: I find that owing to a misunderstanding I misquoted Mr Wade, and hence a mistake appears in your note in regard to Imperial Chancellor in your issue of Dec 1. I understand Mr Wade' declaration was not that Chancellor is the best hocked dog of the Crown Prince strain, but that he is one of the three or four Crown Prince dogs imported here that did not call for the severest criticism in regard to hocks. It is also an error to state that I imported Chancellor; that honor belongs to Dr J Frank Perry of Boston.’ - Charles C Marshall,  New York Dec 5 ‘87.

Funnily, neither Mr Chas Marshall nor Mr E H Moore mention their respective dogs, ie Imperial Chancellor & Ilford Caution, were siblings! Bred by Mr Richard Cook dd May ’83 out of ch Cambrian Princess’ sis Ilford Claudia sired by ch Crown Prince. Imperial Chancellor was owned by Dr Chas A Lougest of Liverpool until ’87; he was regularly campaigned and got a/o in ’85 1st at Sheffield; in ’86 1st prizes at Stalybridge & Birkenhead; and in ’87 1st at Liverpool. Mr Mark Beaufoy judged at Warwick ’86 and wrote – ‘Imperial Chancellor is a big dog with a good body, but his head is very houndy; in my opinion the worst fault possible in a Mastiff, his ears very heavy, and his hind action being very faulty.’ – At Birmingham ’85 – ‘Imperial Chancellor is an immense dog, with plenty of bone, but coarse in the ear, general want of symmetry, &c, little cow-hocked.’ – Dr J S Turner – ‘Imperial Chancellor vhc is a very large dog, has a big skull, long muzzle, fairly square at the end, but he is nipped in under the eyes, very large ears which hang with a curl, and thus give him a Bloodhoundy type to his head; he is badly cow-hocked, and moves in a very ungainly manner.’ – A Kennel Gazette advert dd Dec ’86 reports Imperial Chancellor’ weight at 12 st 7 lb, which is exactly matching his brother Ilford Caution’ weight (175 lb) for 31i at shoulder according to Mr Chas Mason’ book ‘Our Prize Dogs’.

Above at right – Photograph of Ilford Caution’ son Melrose Prince, full brother of  Chas C Cook’ ch Moses b Feb ’87 & Chas E Wallack’ ch Merlin b May ’88. Melrose Prince was owned by Mr P H Durkee who married in 1915 the divorcee Mrs George Lorillard Ronalds (member of the Lorillard family of tobacco fame) and settled at 37 Fifth Avenue NY. He was a member of the Union Brook & the South Side Sportsmen’ Clubs and lived up to an age of 92 years (d Jan ’31).

At left - From the Illustrated London News June 1865 - The International Dog Show at the Agricultural Hall Islington: Arrival of Dogs, a/o the Captain  Garniers Lion' son Governor  led by his breeder/owner Mr T H V Lukey including cane. An article re the Islington Dog Show June '65 by Mr Loftus Leigh Pemberton, breeder of Wolf 2353 - Pemberton' Why Not ex Mr Bill George' Tiger. He writes a/o – ‘I was not at first much surprised by the selections of Mr Hanbury’ Duchess and Mr Hanbury’ Prince for the 1st and 2nd prize dogs. Duchess has carried off many prizes; my colleague and I had given her the 1st prize at the show held last year by the Agricultural Company; and Prince, if in healthy condition, I would this year have chosen in priority to his dam (Duchess), for he is a truer type of the English Mastiff than she is, and he takes after his sire (Mr Lukey’ Governor) in his head, which is a magnificent one, and a point in which she rather fails. But upon examination I found that Prince was mangy; every leg so red and angry with inflammation, and the skin so blutchey, that the dog was quite unfit for exhibition.’  - and -  ‘I will only add that No 343 (Druid), another dog belonging to the H R H The Prince of Wales, and a very fine animal, 8 months old, was apparently suffering from distemper. Both eyes were choked up with mucus, and I should think that his keepers were hardly prudent in bringing him in that condition to such a place.’ -

From ‘The Sportsman' May 4th 1871 – Mastiffs and their breeding to the Editor of The Field. Sir, - I have been requested by several persons, Mastiff breeders to publish the particulars of my reading and experience on the subject of Mastiffs and their breeding. The results has been the accompanying paper, which, should you be able to find space for it, may possibly prove of interest to those of your readers who are admirers of this class of dogs. The Breeder of Governor’ sire  - ed Captain John Garnier -.

Some excerpts from Captain Garnier' extensive letter – ‘In former days, however, I came across many an animal which well answered to the type of Vandyke’ Mastiff, and notably those of Mr Lukey. I well remember his two dogs, Bruce and Bell, some fifteen years ago. Bruce was a brindled dog with a black head, and stood about 31i at the shoulder, or rather under, weighing about 100 lb. He was not so muscular dog as Mr Lukey’ present dog Baron but was nevertheless a remarkably deep, lengthy animal with a grand head, not square but full and round. But what struck me about all Mr Lukey’ dogs were their broad and heavy, but not short, muzzles. They formed the most decided feature of their heads, and strongly recalled to my mind at the time the epithet by which the Romans distinguished this breed, ‘the broad-mouthed dogs of Britain’.

Bell was an animal of the same character as Bruce, but was more muscular, and had half-erect ears and a somewhat broader muzzle. Wallace, a silver fawn and uncle of Bruce, stood 33i at the shoulders, and at eighteen months, just before he died, weighed not less than 180 lb. Another Wallace, a son of Bruce, figures in ‘Stonehenge’ on the Dog. One point I noticed in Mr Lukey’ breed was that the under edge of the lower jaw was deeply convex, giving a depth of jaw, which point is not so marked in more modern dogs. Besides these, I remember two grand dogs which Bill George had in 1855. They were very old, and he could never obtain any stock from them. The dog stood over 33i at the shoulder, but was all to pieces when I saw him. The bitch, however, still retained her grand muscular development and broad flat loin. She stood 30 1/2i at the shoulders, with remarkable length and depth of body, measuring round the chest 40i. Her head also was round and ful, and her muzzle broad and blunt, but with hardly such heavy flews as I have seen in some dogs. -

At right - An early Mastiff of houndy character by  Scottish artist Mr Gourlay Steell ’19-94 of Edinburgh. In 1872 he was appointed the official painter of animals to Queen Victoria, succeeding Sir Edwin Landseer.

About this time I bought of Bill George a pair of Mastiffs whose produce, by good luck, afterwards turned out some of the finest specimens of the breed. The dog was one of a pair of Lyme Hall Mastiffs, bought by Bill George at Tattersalls. He was a different stamp of dog to the present Lyme breed. He stood 30 1/2i at the shoulders, with length of body and good muscular shoulders and loin, but was slightly deficient in depth of bodyand breadth of forehead; and from the peculiar forward lay of his small ears, and from his produce, I have since suspected a remote dash of Boarhound in him. The bitch was obtained by Bill George from a dealer in Leadenhall market. Nothing was known of her pedigree, but I am as convinced of its purity as I am doubtful of that of the dog. There was nothi,ng striking about her. She was old, her shoulders a trifle flat, and she had a grey muzzle, but withal stood 29i at the shoulder, had a broad round head, good loin, and deep lengthy frame. From crossing these dogs with various strains I was easily able to analyse their produce and I found in them two different types – one due to the dog, very tall, but a little short in the body and high on the leg, while their heads were slightly deficient in breadth; the other due to the bitch, equally tall, but deep, lengthy and muscular, with broad massive heads and muzzles. Some of these latter stood 33i at the shoulder, and by the time they were two years old weighed upwards 180 lb. They had invariably a fifth toe on each hind leg, which formed an integral portion of their feet. By bad management, I was only able to bring a somewhat indifferent specimen with me on my return to England from America, a badly reared animal, who nevertheless stood 31i at the shoulder an weighed 170 lb. This dog was the sire of Governor and Harold, by Mr Lukey’ bitch Countess, and so certain was I of the vast size of the breed in him, that I stated beforehand, much to Mr Lukey’ incredulity, that the produce would be dogs standing 33i at the shoulder – the resut being that both Governor and his brother Harold were fully that height. In choosing the whelps, Mr Lukey retained for himself the best marked one, an animal that took after the lighter of the two strains that existed in the sire; for Governor, grand dog and perfect Mastiff as he was, compared to most others of the breed, was nevertheless shorter in the body, higher on the leg, and with less muscular development than Harold, while his head, large as it was, barely measured as much round as did his brother Harold. I, who went by the development of the fifth toe, chose Harold, a dog which combined all the best points ecept colour of both strains, and was a perfect reproduction on a larger scale of his dam Countess. His breast at 10 months standing up measured 13i across, with a girth of 41i, and he weighed in moderate condition 140 lb, and at 12 months 160 lb. - - - I will briefly compare some of the best-known dogs of the present day. Baron and King are direct descendants of Mr Lukey’ old breed, and are undoubtedly the most perfect animals known to the pubic. The bull strain in them shows itself in their squareness of head and shortness in muzzle.

These are faults on the right side, and for other reasons I do not think the bull cross need to be objected to, except in one particular: the full prominent eye produced by it robs the dog of that dignity and gravity of expression which is a characteristic of the pure breed. The muzzle of King and Baron are both blunt, and both their muzzles and forehead are full and broad. Both are deep muscular dogs, but Baron is the lengthier, and I prefer him somewhat to his father, except as regards colouring? Both dogs, however, are very deficient in size.

That very handsome dog, Turk, shows many of the characteristics of his sire King. His muscular development is excellent, and he has more length than King. On the other hand, he is somewhat deficient in depth and weight of body, his limbs are too light, and his head would be better if it was a trifle larger, and his muzzle blunter. These defects, though not very marked, spring from his dam Hilda, who, though large, is vere deficient in Mastiff properties, and her faults are more visible in his progeny than in Turk himself. This, however, arises from want of suitable mating, as, with the size in his blood, he ought, with a bitch of Baron or Tiger strains, to get animals second to none.

Druid and his brother Peveril - see at left - have more of the character of the old breed than the above dogs, as one might expect from the absence of the bull cross, and from the fact that they are the immediate descendants of Mr Lukey’ old breed. Both have broad, heavy, and blunt muzzles, and their heads are round and not square – Peveril’ head, in all but colour, being nearly perfect. Druid, also, has capital depth of body and massive limbs. The skins of both are loose, and their size is quite that of the old breed. On the other hand, they are full of faults. Peveril wants depth, length and weight of body, and is utterly deficient in muscular development, and his colour is as ugky as it could well be; whilst Druid is almost equally deficient in muscle, and his otherwise good head is spoilt by the narrowness of his forehead. Without, however, further comparisons of existing dogs, it is evident that they one and all fall short of the dogs of ten or twenty years ago. The best headed and most muscular are deficient in size, and the larger ones are deficient in substance or in breadth of head, &c, and the question for breeders therefore is - How can they improve the breed? ‘ -

Below - The sequel of Captain Garnier’ article published in The Field abouth a month later. Quite blurry, but of interest for those who like the Mastiff matters of the pre- Kennel Club era.

A very rare article dd 1877 written by Mr Harry de Spencer Kingdon 1816-03, nicknamed the Prince of ‘cranks’ and well-known for pompous contents of self-glorification; in the 2nd column he mentions a/o 'Mr Hanbury with his magnificent Prince - see above Mr Hanbury' Prince' colour drawing of Mr Hanbury' Prince b '62 - Bill Georges Tiger ch Duchess ex Mr Lukey' Governor - by Mr Edwin Holt and in No 20 of the tableau at right - This website contains a page dedicated to Mr Kingdon; it includes a/o a photograph of his 'Alp'. - The insert dd 1876 presents a tableau of show winners at Leipzig Germany incl a Mastiff, arguably entered by an Englishman, perhaps Mr C T Harris with his ch The Shah.

Mr Hanbury’ reply re Mr Kingdon’ article ‘The Old English Mastiff’ is one of the very few times he contributed in newspapers whatsoever. Mr Kingdon’ Alp sired by Hanbury Prince produced Mr Hodge’ Charlie; the latter, mated to ch Turk’ maternal aunt Slut, produced Empress owned by the Wynnes of Scalford who mated her to Mr Field’ ch King which in turn gave the Wynnes’ Peeress. - At right – Tableau of prize winners at the Kennel Club Show dd July ’77, incl Duchess 2366 – see lying below tail of St Bernard - b Dec ’71 & bred by Mr James Morris of Oswestry out of old Flora – supposed to be Lyme Hall breed - ex ch Turk’ son Sultan. Duchess, owned by Mr C Curtis of Scarborough, was sibling of ch The Emperor’ dam Mrs Rawlinson’  ch Countess.

At left – Mr Kingdon' reply at Mr Hanbury' letter dd July 21th 1877 in a period of time Mr Kingdon almost completely disappeared from the Mastiff front whereas Mr Hanbury has bred a range of quality Mastiffs, ie champions Duchess, Queen, Rajah, Taurus, and Wolsey; not to forget ch Wolsey’ brother Prince which sired Mr Mark Beaufoy’ ch Beau. So no reason for  Mr Hanbury to be jealous of Mr Kingdon' kennels. – At right - Mrs Idonea Stopford b '62 of Ferney Blackrock Co Cork Ireland, Vice President of the Ladies Kennel Association, Mastiff breeder/exhibitor and member of the Northern Mastiff Club founded in 1894 under the Presidency of Mr Wm Watts of Wavertree nr Liverpool; Mrs Stopford purchased a/o ch Constable’ dau Carshalton Alice bred by Mr W K Taunton, and Gipsey bred by Mr Robt Leadbetter.

Article dd March ‘83 by Dr William Gordon Stables 1840-10 Scottish-born medical doctor in the Royal Navy and a prolific author of adventure fiction, primarily for boys. He wrote over 130 books, a/o The Dog - From Puppyhood to Age publ ‘93, and Our Friend the Dog publ ’03. The dog winner King Canute was brother of Mrs Geo Willins’ ch Cambrian Princess, 2nd Mr J W Boyce’ Leo VII was bred by Mr G W Nicholl out of Nichols Prince’ dau Maida sired by the breeder’ Turk, & 3rd Mr E Nichols’ Goth out of Druid III’ dau Boomah sired by ch Beau; Dr Turner’ Lady Gladys out of ch Rajah' dau The Lady Rowena ex ch Crown Prince, and Mr Joseph Royle’ Crown Princess out of ch Colonel’ dau Negress sired by ch Crown Prince.

At left - Report about the thirty-ninth show of the Kennel Club held on October 23, 24 & 25 1894 at the Crystal Palace – see centre - Sydenham. The 1302 exhibits were about 300 in excess of the KC spring meeting. The then nineteen months old Mastiff Peter Piper, owned by his breeder Mr H G Woolmore of Leyton, was purchased by the wealthy Mancunian pork butcher Mr Joseph Royle soon. As known ch Peter Piper became Crufts cc winner four times in a row, but it was his sire Tom Bowling - ch Victor Hugo' dau ch Jubilee Beauty ex Orlando II' son ch Ogilvie - who put his stamp upon Mastiff breeding a/o along his sons Mark Antony & Mellnotte.

At left – Lidgett Conqueror at 2 ½ y old b Oct ’12 & bred by Mr Edgar Allen - out of Imperial Tim’ dau Lady Protector sired by ch Lidgett Viscount – and owned by Mrs T Davies of Lidgett kennels Hucknall – Notts, who purchased from Mr Brookes ch Lidgett Viscount' dam Widmere Lady. She bred a brindle with the Hebrew name ‘Caleb’ b ‘11 out of Lidgett Bess sired by ch Lidgett Viscount’ sire Brindled Prince, and owned by Mrs E Deerr. Lidgett Conqueror got two reserve ccs under Lt-Col Z Walker, ie at Crufts '14 and at Birmingham ‘15. - At right – Mastiffs, owned by Mr Robert Folger Wescott Conquest and Mrs Rosamund Alys Conquest née Acworth of Bannut Tree Castlemorton, including 2nd & 3rd from r - ch King Baldur' parents,  ie Young John Bull, and ch Young Mary Bull. They also owned ch Miss Bull and ch Woden’ sire Collyhurst Squire. Their then two-year-old son George Robert Acworth Conquest became a well known historian and poet, most notable for his influential works on Soviet history including The Great Terror: Stalin's Purges of the 1930s (1968). He was a longtime research fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution. He wrote more than a dozen books on the Soviet Union. - The article’ author Mrs Charlotte - aka Carlo – F C Clarke b ‘60-36 and her husband Mr Septimus Clarke owned the famous Mersham kennels of Bulldogs, Pekes, &c

Dd Nov 5th '19 - 'The publication of the photographs of Mrs Conquest' beautiful Mastiffs has brought us a most interesting letter from a gentleman in Scotland, who, noting our remarks that we feared the breed was in danger of extinction, tells us of his brother’ kennels in the Transvaal. We shall hope to publish the photograph of these dogs, which extracts from the letter, in our next issue. – Mrs Carlo F C Clarke. - At left dd Nov '19 - Mr James Allen Bailey emigrated from Ardrossan North Ayrshire to Sterkfontein nr Johannesburg and married in ‘84 Jacquomena Magdalena Susanna, youngest daughter of Gerrit P L Luttring Hekpoort Transvaal. - At right dd Sept ’19 - 'Little Wooley' Guardian at Altrincham show – ed nr Manchester -. A little boy exceedingly proud of his prize-winning Mastiff.' Unknown if there's a connection with Mrs F Woolley, of Perry Mastiff kennels Perry Bar Birmingham, who owned a/o  ch Deleval Alftruda b '34 – Deleval Paladin' dau Deleval Richilda ex ch Uther Penarvon' son The Druid -.

Dd Sept ‘22 - insert above - Mrs John Evans’ ch Prince b 24 - out of Ashenhurst Duke' dau Jersey Queen sired by Penkhull Lady' son Jersey  Lion - The 35 1/2 i tall ch Prince, weighing over 14 stone,  got the Crufts cc ’25 under Mr Robt Leadbetter who said he had not seen so good a specimen for years; - insert below -  86 Hatton Garden, the London city address of the OEMC Secretary Mr Walter Kelsey Taunton 1844-27 who puts importance that ‘any error in pedigrees should be corrected’ when any out-cross is resorted to, either to counteract excessive inbreeding or to accentuate certain points.

Two well-documented corner stones of Mastiff breeding in the 1920s presented in less known illustrations. At left – photograph of 9m old ch Havengore Bill’ sire ch Master Beowulf b March '20 publ Dec ’21; centre - ch Master Beowulf' photo  publ  Feb '23 on the occasion of winning the Crufts cc under the well-known breeder Mr A W Lucas;   at right – ch Ashenhurst Bernicea b Feb '21 - photo publ March ’23 on the occasion of winning the Manchester cc under Mr Robt Leadbetter. Bernicea was purchased by Messrs Bob Thomas & C R Oliver and became the foundation of the famous Menai stock.

Bernicea’ grand-daughter Menai Stella b July '28 – ch Hellingly Joseph’ paternal half sis Menai Maida ex Menai Anglesea - was sold by them after she had made a name for herself - in '29 cc at Leeds under Mr J G Joice, res ccs at Crystal Palace under Mr Croxton Smith & at Birmingham under Mr C Houlker, and finally in '30 a 3rd res cc at Richmond under Mr Walker Hall -. Stella changed hands for £300 to Miss Elizabeth Goodrich Stillman of Kenridge kennels US. Her brother Eliot Wight Stillman imported the Hellingly Caractacus b March '28 & bred by Cleveland breeder Mr Herbert Cook out of ch King Baldur' dau Princess Bunty ex ch Cleveland Premier; unfortunately Mr Stillman died Nov '28 in an   accident at Seligman nr Las Vegas Arizona  aged only 19. Quote - 'Eliot Stillman of New York was killed and Francis Bourn Hayne, of the Nogales Herald, escaped injury when, heading to Santa Barbara, Hayne' small touring car left the highway near here yesterday and overturned, pinning the pair beneath it, it was learned today.' -

At left – Cadwallader b May ’23  bred/owned by Miss Margaret Penelope Allin b '03 of Welford House 51 Bristol road Keynsham Somerset - out of ch Weland’ dau Portia ex Ashenhurst Duke – photograph dd May ’24 - see also Miscellanea One No 55 - Cadwallader got the res cc at the KC Crystal Palace show '24 under Mr F H Cleminson cc ch Master Beowulf -; - centre – ch Cleveland Premier’ maternal uncle Border Chief b March ‘22  bred by Cleveland breeder Mr George Cook of Middlesbrough – out of Penwortham Fanny ex Adamite – and owned by Dr Arthur Fothergill b '84 Middlesbrough, of 135 Breakspears Road Brockley London - photo dd May ’24 – Border Chief got the Crufts '24 res cc under Mr George Cook cc ch Master Beowulf -; - at right – Cadwallader’ paternal half brother ch Ashenhurst Cedric – ch Boadicea ex Ashenhurst Duke – photo dd June ’25 – Mr John Illingworth’ Cedric got eight ccs and sired two champions, ie Menai Juno and ch Superbus.

At left - ch Hellingly Ajax’ maternal grandsire Westcroft Blaise b Feb ‘24 & bred by Mrs Constance Kennett - out of ch King Baldur' dau ch Westcroft Cleopatra ex Count Willington’ son Adamas - photo Feb '25; - centre - once again Dr Arthur Fothhergill’ Border Chief b '22 – photo July ’25; - at right - ch Superbus’ brother King Agrippa b Oct ‘24 & bred by Dermot breeder Mrs Baggaley - out of ch King Baldur' dau Dermot Diana sired by ch Ashenhurst Cedric - and owned by Mr Eric Nolan b ’91 who m '24 Miss Evelyn Mildred Winslow of Staplehurst Kent - photo dd Oct ’26 - King Agrippa got a 3rd Open at Crystal Palace '26 - cc ch Havengore Bill, res cc Menai Anglesea - after which he changed hands to Mr Wm H Calcott of Kenilworth nr Coventry.

At left - Dd July ‘25 Mrs M Brooks of Westbury-on-Trym nr Bristol and her Mastiff entered in the variety class as the only Mastiff shown at the eight open Dog Show - 1.000 entries - held in Clarence Park East Weston-super-Mare and promoted by the Weston-super-Mare & District Kennel Association - ; Mrs M Brooks arguably was a member of the Ladies Kennel Association;  - Quote - 'The Ladies Kennel Association  was established in '94 by  the formidable Mrs Alice Stennard Robinson  née Cornwell,  of Hartfield lodge 80 Hartfield road Wimbledon, who felt women were treated unfairly by The Kennel Club, which did not take their participation seriously and often relegated their entries to 'a place amongst the poultry and pigeons.' They also complained that Kennel Club shows had no provisions for women such as separate entrances and washrooms that were essential for ladies of the day. Queen Alexandra (then Princess of Wales) was one of the early supporters of the LKA; she exhibited her Borzoi and Bassets there in 1902 and became the club’ Patroness in 1905.' - Mrs Alice Ann Stennard Robinson  née Cornwell b West Ham '52 was the daughter of George Cornwell, a railway guard who became a successful gold prospector in Australia, operating several mines, and a notable building contractor. Miss Alice Ann Cornwell became one of the most skilful of mining geologists in Victoria and part owner of the Midas Gold Mine near Ballarat, was spectacularly rich by the 1890s, returning to England she brought the largest nugget yet discovered in the workings of that mine and bought the Sunday Times newspaper.

Centre & at right - dd Oct '29 - Miss Ianthe Bell and her Mastiff puppies, arguably from the litter b July 20th '29 out of  ch Uther Penarvon’ paternal aunt Nerica sired by ch Havengore Bill, amongst them Miss Bell’ future brindle ch Lady Turk, and the brindle Dagonturk exported  to Mr George S Amory of Tuxedo Park Orange Co NY, a major stockholder in Sea-Land Freight Company.

At left - dd April ’24   A prize-winner litter of six Mastiff puppies exhibited at the Kensington Canine Society Show at Shepherds Bush; - centre - dd Aug'25   - Powerful but Docile. Photograph of Towneley Bronx, a Mastiff belonging to Captain James A Stephenson of 162 Todmorden road Burnley Lancs. Bronx was 1st in a Variety Class at Whalley Show and is regarded as an outstanding specimen of the breed ; at right - dd Nov '28 – 'Two noble Mastiffs who seem to be condoling with each other over some trouble in the kennels.' -

At left - Photo dd '23 of a Mastiff pup sold to an Englishman, reportedly,  living in China incl advert dd 1923. - Mrs Kathleen Lesmoir-Gordon née Rose kept a successful Hadley kennel specialised in Pekinese, Sealyhams  and French Bulldogs. She was the daughter of the Irish born Dr Henry Joseph Rose b '33-15, granted the rank of honorary Deputy-Surgeon General when he retired in ‘81. He wore four medals and four clasps for active service in the Crimean, China, and Afghan wars, and was present at the siege and fall of Sevastopol dd '55, the capture of Taku forts, and the storming of Ali Musjid. For ten years he was Principal Medical Officer at the School of Musketry of Hythe Kent.

In her younger years she was well-known under her actress name ‘Nina Farrington’ making her American début in ‘91. - The New York Times Co London dd April '07 - 'Mrs John Lesmoir Gordon, well known on the American stage up to four years ago as Nina Farrington, has just obtained a separation from her wealthy husband, and within a month expects to give up her social position here and sail to America to make arrangements for her return to theatrical work.' - The Saturday Blade dd May ’08 – ‘Paris France. Eats crackers in bed; wife seeks separation. Nina Farrington, who formerly provided a weekly sensation for New York, has not been heard of very often since she married John Lesmoir Gordon, a wealthy hero of the Boer War with a love for the simple life. A few days ago, however, she remembered that she was Nina Farrington after all, so she told her husband she wanted a separation, packed her trunks and came across to Paris. She announces that the separation is permanent, and says: ‘It is all over. I have nothing to say against Lesmoir Gordon, but no woman can live with a man who eats crackers in bed.’ - She married thrice, ie in '04 at Elham Kent Mr John Lesmoir Gordon; in ’16 at Marylebone Mr Jack S Bosworth and in '24  at Kensington Lt-Commander Clyfford Harris Warren. She died at rather early age in a nursing home after an operation in ’28.

Dd July ’73 – Article re the Mastiff Club and its 19 ‘influential’ members including Messrs T H V Lukey, Captain J Garnier, and, certainly much to the bewilderment of the prince of cranks Mr H de Spencer Kindon, W G Leigh, Esq of Lyme Hall, most probably a devil’ print for W J Legh aka William John Legh ’28-98 raised to the peerage as Baron Newton in '92.

First row - some of the numerous flattering newspaper comments on Mr Royle' ch Peter Piper. - Second row - Three paintings by animal painter Mr William Henderson ‘44-04 of Goathland nr Whitby North Yorks; unfortunately not – quote - ‘the life-sized portrait in oils of a champion Mastiff, the property of Mr Joseph Royle, of Manchester, which has been painted to order dd ‘96. The picture measures ? ft - 4 ft, and ch Peter Piper, for such is the dog’ name, stands out in all his canine majesty and strength.’ - A  breed historical gem hidden in some private collection, although a wet dream of mine to once gaze at. - Below - article dd October 30th 1891 about the artist who painted dd '96 a life-sized portrait of ch Peter Piper in full.

First row – Weekly Telegraph’ article dd March ’93 by pen name Bill Nye;  - second row at left - dd Aug ’26 – A prize winning photograph depicting a Mastiff owned by Miss Nellie Rowell, daughter of Mr Charles Rowell, of Chevin Mount nr Belper – Derbys, a Draper and Milliner  at High Street Ripley & High street Alfreton Derbys; - at right  – dd Aug ’28 - the 8 1/2 months puppy bitch Goring Superior  bred by Mr Jack Heyworth Padiham road Burnley, and owned by Mr Thomas Blakey of Gannow House Gannow lane Burnley, cotton spinner & manufacturer at Sandygate Shed.

Article dd April ’27 - Ch Hellingly Joseph' paternal uncle Torquil – see at left in the group photo taken June '26 - was purchased by Mr Hugh Wallace Aitken ’65-47, of Torburn Ledcameroch road Bearsden Glasgow, who  founded in 1898 the firm of Aitken and Co - Colonial Engineers Glasgow. Later the firm was converted into a Limited Co as H W Aitken Co Ltd, designing and constructing sugar machinery. By 1930, H W Aitken & Co Ltd was established as a supplier of sugar machinery. The company also supplied distillery apparatus, rice machines, railway plant and provided machinery for the engineering and shipbuilding industry. Mr Aitken left a fortune of £136,600.

Torquil is the anglicised form of the Skandinavian name Torkel. The name of Mr Aitken’ residence Torburn originated with the Anglo-Saxon tribes that once ruled Britain, and is derived from the baptismal name for the son of Thurburn. This ancient personal name was originally derived from the name of the Saxon God of Thunder, Thor.  – Torquil & ch Menai Yosemite b Jan ’24 were out of ch Ashenhurst Bernicea ex ch King Baldur - Anglesea – see also photo below the article - & Menai Juno  b Sept ’25 were out of ch Menai Yosemite sired by ch Ashenhurst Cedric. Juno died Dec '31, reportedly 'from the hardening of the valves and subsequent failure of the heart.' -

At left – ch Hellingly Joseph b  Sept ’25 & bred by milk vendor Mr Henry Young, of Berwick-on-Tweed Northumberland, out of ch Cleveland Premier’ elder sis Tweedview Belle sired by ch Menai Yosemite’ brother Wantley King Baldur – photo dd Jan ’28 – Joseph got some ten cc's, mainly under all-rounders - the last one at the age of eight; - centre - Anglesea’ sis ch Menai Juno b Sept ’25 – out of ch Menai Yosemite ex ch Ashenhurst Cedric – photo dd Feb ‘28; - at right - Mr Guy P Greenwoods  ch Duke' dau Lady  Julia, prize winner at the Dundee show ’27, owned by Mr George Shand Jr, master baker & general merchant of ‘Hamewith’ 10 Market Square Inverbervie.

The KCSB for show year '79 mentions Prince 9335 b Nov '76 owned by Mr J Henderson,  29 Isles lane Hawkhill Dundee, who got a 1st prize at Perth. This Mr James Henderson, trimming and smallware dealer of Nethergate, deceased in the course of the same year. The Dundee Courier dd Jan '80 contains an article -’A Dog Case – Honeyman vs Henderson' - in which the pursuer, the trustee on the estate of the deceased James Henderson, sued Archibald Henderson, brother of the deceased, for delivery of the well-known Mastiff Prince, which was exhibited at the dog shows in Dundee and Perth last year. The Sheriff has found that prior to the granting of the trust deed Henderson made over his interest in the dog to the defender, who had possession of it at the date of the trust deed. He has therefore absolved the defender, and found him entitled to expenses.’ – Prince, now owned by Mr Archibald Hederson, got the  1st prize at Wolverhampton ’80.

At left – photo dd May ’28 - Mrs Frances Samuelson with Garlinge Lady Jane b Aug ’27  & bred by Mrs J Formstone, of Waterside House Waterhead Oldham nr Manchester, out of ch King Baldur’ dau Hardingham Lady Lydia ex ch Westcroft Blaise – Garlinge Lady Jane, mated to ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ son Goldhawk Imperator, produced ch Cinque Ports Michael, Crufts cc winner under Mr Wm Hunter Johnston – res cc ch Uther Penarvon. Note - Mrs Formstone bred Borzois & Pekinese too.

Centre - photo dd Aug ’28 - Mr Guy Percival Greenwood  with ch Duke’ son ch Benvolio & his dam Bronygarth Bess by Country Squire;  the person at  left being Mr Geoffrey Charles Pollock Gudgeon of Pinetrees kennels Cold Bath road, one of Harrogate' most attractive streets - see Miscellanea Three too; - above at right – Miss Felicity Locker-Lampson' wedding dd Oct '28 – she  was the daughter of the Crown’ Privy Councillor Mr Godfrey Locker-Lampson, and a OEMC member residing at Broomhead Hall Bolderstone nr Sheffield.

Miss Felicity Locker-Lampson purchased Menai Samba, brother to Menai Stella – see at right at fourteen months old - exported to the Stillmans of Kenridge kennels US, both b July ‘28 – Wantley King Baldur’ dau Menai Maida ex Menai Anglesea - Mr Samuelson' Garlinge Jane & Menai Samba were great-grandchildren of Mrs Formstone’ Garlinge foundation brood Brunhilde by ch Weland.

In an Our Dogs’ advert dd Feb '30 Menai Samba was put up for sale as - 'Winner of two firsts, two specials, and OEMC spoon. Huge dog with really beautiful head. Photograph, price and all particulars sent on application' - Mrs Felicity Rimington-Wilson 15 Cadogan Gardens London SW1.’

At left – ch Westcroft Blaise' brother ch Bulger b Feb ’24 – ch Westcroft Cleopatra ex Mr George Cook’ Adamas - owned by Mrs Leslie Houlder née Ewart St Clair Swainston b ‘95 Durham, the wife of Mr Maurice Charles Houlder ’70-57; - centre  dd Jan ’24 – Mr M C Houlder, of Mount Hill Epsom, Master of Devon & Somerset staghounds, and Mrs Leslie Houlder, a keen tennis player in amateur competition; later on they moved from Epsom to Somerset.

Ch Bulger was not entered at dog shows until the age of four. At his 1st show, ie Crystal Palace Oct '28 Our Dogs editor Mr Theo Marples awarded Bulger the cc - res cc ch Hellingly Joseph; the next cc show under Mr Nevill Walker Hall he got his 2nd cc - res cc Menai Anglesea. Bulger was made up by OEMC President Mr Guy P Greenwood, and his last cc was given at Crystal Palace Oct '29 by Mr A Croxton Smith - res ch Havengore Bill.

Ch Bulger was maternal uncle of Mrs Norah Dickin' Thor, and maternal grand-uncle of ch Cinque Ports Michael  & ch Hellingly Ajax whose sis H- Arethrusa became famous for having produced a litter - by Ch Woden' son Cleveland Comedian - containing three champions, ie the Broomcourts Comedienne, Black Mask & Cleveland Hugo whereas their sis Broomcourt Tess, mated to Broomcourt Jem, produced double Crufts winner ch Broomcourt Romeo.

At left - Haro des Isles b Feb '27  owned by Mr John Illingworth of Brighouse Yorks – photo dd Oct ‘27; Haro was brother of Thor des Isles & bred by Mrs Evans of St Helier Isle of Wight out of Jersey Queen ex ch Prince; Thor des Isles was exported to MCOA President Mr Fred J A Beier US and grandsired Saxondale Buster, ancestor of several early post-WW II imports, a/o Valiant Diadem, Heatherbelle Sterling Silver & - Rufus, and Mansatta Jana. - At right – a group photograph of Mr Illingworth’ Mastiffs incl Haro (at left) exemplifying the ‘species’ of very lanky Mastiff youngsters who may develop in nice adults. - Note –Brigedric by ch Ashenhurst Cedric.

Mr Illingworth purchased ch Ashenhurst Cedric b '21 at adult age, and did several Cedric line-breedings, a/o Tiddicar breeder Mr L Crook’ brood Selene out of Brigeawa sired by his ch Ashenhurst Cedric; Brigeawa – ch Ashenhurst Cedric' paternal half sis Clayton Diane ex Wendy Cot Peter -, the latter out of ch Ashenhurst Cedric' paternal half sis Corps Peggy Garde sired by ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ son Clayton Bruce. He purchased several 1st class puppies and made up three champions, ie Cedric’ G4 son Broomcourt Black Mask, Black Mask' maternal nephew ch Broomcourt Marcon, & Black Mask' paternal grand-nephew Broomcourt Romeo; his Black Mask’ double grand-nephew Broomcourt John got two cc’s just before the outbreak of WWII.

Note – Mr John Illingworth’ father-in-law Mr William Widdop established in '83 a 'clocks & watches’ business licensed to sell the renowned Waltham US brand, a/o the Waltham Maximus watch,  priced at £12 in 1915 when the average laborer' wage was about £1. Returning from active service in WWI, Mr John Illingworth ‘93-78 joined the firm Widdop & Co and diversified it properly. Mr Illingworth, of Croft House - see at right - 36 High street Brighouse, owned a/o a blue Delage coupé de ville ’37 – see at right -  incl fitted cocktail cabinet. The firm 'Widdop & Co' is still running to-day under the directorship of Mr John Illingworth’ grandsons, and, reportedly, has become Leading Giftware Supplier in the United Kingdom.

Article dd Jan ‘29 which a/o mentions Mr William Hunter Johnston '56-47 being the Crufts ‘29 judge. He awarded the cc to Mr G Cook’ ch Cleveland Premier – res cc ch Hellingly Joseph - 3rd Mr Joice’ ch Arolite; in bitches cc Hardingham Lady Barbara – res cc Hellingly Lady Here 3rd Mrs Oliver' Cleveland Yolanda. Mr Wm Hunter Johnston born at St Pancras London, and according to the census '81 occupation ~ ‘clerk’ residing at 60 Mansfield road Haverstock Hill [in the nearby of Highgate Cemetary, the resting place of Karl Marx] ~ London NW. In  later years he became a fervent fancier of  the dragoon pigeon breed – related to the  Racing Homer –, and living at Cumberland Park Acton nr London. - Wiki quote - 'The first regular pigeon race in Great Britain was in 1881. The British Royal Family first became involved with pigeon racing in 1886 when King Leopold II of Belgium gave them breeding stock. The tradition continues to this day, with a bird of Queen Elizabeth II even winning a race in 1990.' -

First row - dd  row July '79 - Mr Wm Burnell, London kennelman of Mrs Mary Rawlinson of Ulverston - Cumbria, was responsible for the mating which gave ch Crown Prince & ch Prince Regent registered as being sired by Mr Burnell' Young Prince - of rather indifferent breed quality -, a fact much disputed in canine newspapers; non-believers pointed to ch The Emperor b April '77 or even ch The Shah b '73, both present in Mr Burnell' kennels. - Note - 'Mab', competing with ch The Shah & ch Countess for the champion cup,  b '72 bred by Mr Nichols - Bill Georges Tiger' dau Di ex ch Turk' son Big Ben -, was owned by Rev Frederick Harrison Hichens of Speldhurst Tunbridge Wells Kent. Mab' brother Wallace sired Dr Turners Cedric The Saxon, maternal grandsire of Mr CC Rice' ch Frigga & Mr Winchell' Gerda, the latter dam of Am ch Beaufort' Black Prince.

Second row at left - Parcel of Our Dogs' Mastiff Mems dd '31 about Mr Wm Hunter Johnston' Mastiffs - The Mastiff KCSB mention only once Mr William Hunter Johnston, namely as the owner of Liberty b Feb '82 and bred by Mrs Eva M Carslake, the wife of Francis Leigh Carslake, brick & tile merchant residing at Greenfield, Bridgwater Somerset. Being sired by ch Crown Prince out of ch Ilford Baroness b ‘79 ~ ch Beau x ch The Shah’ Sylvia III -, his Liberty was a full sis to Lorna Doone, owned respectively by Mr Richard Cook of Ilford & Dr Perry aka ‘Ashmont’ [US], and Margery, owned by Mrs Elizabeth Cunliffe Lee of Penshurst & Dr Forbes Winslow of Cavendish Square London respectively. - Centre - head study ch The Shah' son ch The Emperor b '77 - published in Mr Chas Houseman Mason' magazine Man' Best Friend, 'an illustrated semi-monthly journal of dogs and the sport they afford' publ since 1900. - At right – Our Dogs' Mastiff Mems’ parcel dd ‘31 about Mr Wm Burnell and ch Crown Prince' parentage by contributor Mr Fred J Hawkings of Goldhawk kennels at Shepherds Bush London.

Centre - head study ch The Shah' son ch The Emperor b '77 - published in Mr Chas Houseman Mason' magazine Man' Best Friend, 'an illustrated semi-monthly journal of dogs and the sport they afford' publ since 1900. - At right – Our Dogs' Mastiff Mems’ parcel dd ‘31 about Mr Wm Burnell and ch Crown Prince' parentage by contributor Mr Fred J Hawkings of Goldhawk kennels at Shepherds Bush London. Photo at left - Mrs Rawlinson' ch Countess b '72 -& bred by Mr James Morris of Oswestry - Old Flora (reportedly a pure Lyme Hall bitch) ex Turk' son Sultan - prize winner at Hanover '79.

Dd April ’90 – Part of a tableau of Manchester show prize winners drawn by Mr Stephen Thomas Dadd ’58-17, a/o Capt Piddocke’ ch Toozie b Sept ’83 - out of ch Rajah’ grand-dau Lena sired by Ch Crown Prince -, recipient of 7 cc’s and, reportedly, – ‘Of good colours & limbs, shade more bulk & size, moves lightly, ears not well carried, light full eye and undershot muzzle.’- Ch Toozie produced three litters, a/o by ch Victor Hugo, resulting in ch Jubilee Beauty, who, mated to ch Ogilvie, produced ch Brampton Beauty & Tom Bowling, the latter well-known for having sired ch Peter Piper, but more importantly being ancestor of the only male line which reached up to the breed revival after WWII. 

Centre – ch Toozie’ son Lord Cobrey by ch Beaufort - Lord Cobrey, reportedly - ‘a very promising puppy, a good upstanding dog, excellent in colours, with good muzzle, somewhat shelly in body, and too long on the legs, but likely to grow into a fine dog.’ by Mr R Cook 07/88 ; - ‘a good skull, square muzzle, which is blunt without being repulsive, nice eyebrows, ears, neck and head and plenty of length of body; his chief faults are an eye which is not of good colour, and a slight tendency to weakness in his pasterns & hindlegs  probably age will correct.’  by Mr J Hutchings 12/88; - ‘not large but is a fairly good dog. He has good depth of muzzle but lacks width; his face indeed reminds one of Victor Hugo, and gives weight to the opinion *** that the characteristics of a dog once used may appear in later progeny, sired, as in this case, by another dog – ed ch Beaufort - of a different type.’ by Mr C C Rice 12/89 ; - ‘a compact dog, on the small side of construction but is well and compactly kneaded together; he sins in muzzle.’  by Rev Van Doorne 05/90; -

‘Lord Cobrey - good in type of head and muzzle, but is spoiled a little by light eyes. He would have been placed higher, had he not moved so badly in the ring. This, I was afterwards told, was caused by a fall out of the train when alighting at the station.’  by Dr Turner 05/91;  -‘shown in good form, recovered from the lameness he showed at the KC Show last spring. His head is fairly good but his light eye detracts from the expression.’ by Dr JS Turner 1/92. - Lord Cobrey’ sis Lady Dudley became maternal grand-dam of Am ch Black Peter and ch Holland’ Black Boy – see at right -.

*** In the Victorian era there were people like Mr Charles Court Rice, a non-practising vet, who thought telegony perhaps could be reason for  odd characteristics shown by offspring compared to near ancestors. Wiki quote - 'Telegony is a theory in heredity, holding that offspring can inherit the characteristics of a previous mate of the female parent; thus the child of a widowed or remarried woman might partake of traits of a previous husband. Whereas experiments in the late 19th century on several species failed to provide evidence that offspring would inherit any character from their mother's previous mates,[1][medical citation needed] a similar phenomenon whereby environmental (non-genetic) traits were passed has been recently discovered in a species of fly.' - At left - drawing  published in The World NY newspaper dd Feb 1895.

At left - Sioux Chief b May ’29 & bred by Goldhawk breeder Mr F J Hawkings out of Cleveland Chancellor’ dau Goldhawk Jasmine sired by her uncle ch Cleveland Premier – photo dd April ’31 – his brother Mrs Oliver’ Hellingly Victor got the  Brighton ’31 cc under Mr W J Nichols – res Benton Stephen; - at right - Mr Fred J Hawkings, just like Dr J S Turner, was an accomplished sculptor witnessed by this splendid bronze presenting Goldhawk Elsie or is it rather the product of Mr Hawkings’ view on correct breed type? The bronze belongs to the AKC Museum Collection due to a gift by Marie Antoinette Moore of Mooreleigh kennels. Goldhawk Elsie b April ’32 & bred by Mr Hawkings – Mr G P Greenwoods ch Duke’ dau Woodbrook Tess ex Sioux Chief - was purchased by Colonel Hobart Titus of Manthorne, of Boston, who scoured the States in vain for Mastiffs of quality bloodlines to breed. As there were only about thirty-five Mastiffs in America, he imported her together with Milfold Lass - ch Hellingly Ajax ex ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ grand-dau Sweet Memory - from England, and they became the foundation stock of his Manthorne kennels.

Part of an article dd June ’29  presenting Garlinge Lady Jane b Aug ’27  & bred by Mrs J Formstone, of Oldham nr Manchester, - out of ch King Baldur’ dau Hardingham Lady Lydia ex ch Westcroft Blaise - with her owner Mrs Frances C Samuelson née Lyne, the wife of Captain Guy Weston Samuelson b ’90-73 who in his youth worked in the Middlesbrough' Ironworks of his grandfather Sir Bernard Samuelson. Mr Samuelson divorced from his wife Naomi Hulke née Leney, and  married dd Dec 9th ‘27 Miss Frances Crawley Lyne, b Woking nr Guildford -  Surrey ’03-77 in Devon’ town Newton Abbot where the Rev Samuel Lyne '53-32 President of the Devon Baptist Association, of Brunswick Villa, was Minister for over forty years. The Samuelson couple owned the thatched Daccombe mill cottage at Kingskerswell nr Newton Abbot.  

Garlinge Lady Jane’ principal prize was a reserve cc at the Leeds Dog Show ’30 under Mrs Jessie Wilson Oliver, of Hellingly fame, who awarded the cc  to Miss Ianthe Bell’ ch Helga. Mated to Mr Fred J Hawkings' Cedric son Goldhawk Imperator – see insert by Mr Arthur Wardle -,  Lady Jane produced Crufts '32 cc winner ch Cinque Ports Michael b '30 under Mr Wm Hunter Johnston, and Crufts '33 reserve cc winner under OEMC President Mr G P Greenwood - cc ch Uther Penarvon - Note – 'Garlinge' refers to the then residence of the Samuelsons, ie Garlinge Court Garlinge Green Petham nr Canterbury – Kent, before moving to Cinque Ports  Lympne - Sussex.

At left –   photo Feb '29 - ‘Mrs Spencer Dickens’, devil’ print for Mrs Spencer Dickin née Stopford, the wife of Major Edward Spencer Dickin. Mrs Norah Grace Spencer Dickin b ’91-66 was the daughter of Lt-Col Horace Robert Stopford. They had one child, ie Evelyn Nancy Stopford Dickin b ’15-98, one of the country' finest tennis players, becoming in 1933 the only girl to win the three junior championships - singles, doubles, and mixed doubles - at the All- England Championships at Wimbledon. She married Dec ’37 Sir Ewan George Macpherson-Grant 6th Bt, a renowned cattle breeder. The Mastiffs in the photograph at left were ch Westcroft Blaise’ sis Kim Thundercloud Thunderer b Feb ’24 & bred by Westcroft breeder Mrs Kennett - ch Westcroft Cleopatra ex Adamas — and Sue b Sept ’27 and bred by Mrs Elsie Park – Poor Joe’ dau Risebridge Betty ex ch Havengore Bill' brother Jack of Havengore –. Mrs Elsie Millie M Park née Fisher, b ’89-84 of Brunwins farm Rettendon Common Park, became essential in Mastiff history for having bred Coldblow Sally, the only English bred brood left after WWII. - Centre – Mrs Samuelson with Garlinge Lady Jane - photo dd Oct '29.

At right – photo dd Sept '29 - Unnamed Mastiffs at the Leeds Dog Show Assocation, judged by ch Arolite breeder Mr J G Joice - cc ch Benvolio, res cc ch Cleveland Premier 3rd ch Havengore Bill; bitches - cc Menai Stella, res cc Hellingly Lady Here, and 3rd Benton Joan owned by Mr H C Liddell; the photo  perhaps presents a gathering of Mrs J W Oliver - centre - and the Liddell family, of Martello Place Felixstowe, who ran the famous Benton kennels, a/o ch Westcroft Blaise’ son Benton Adonis b ’26 cc who got the Richmond '28 cc - res cc Mr Calcott’ King Agrippa. The ‘28 list of OEMC membership counted not less than five of that Liddell family.

Hellingly breeder Mrs Jessie Wilson Oliver née Paton b Sept '89 was adopted daughter of Major William Henry Goff b ’62 Dargavel House - see centre - Bishopton ca 15 mls NW of Glasgow -.  He was partner in the firm ‘Findlay, Kidston & Goff' - chartered accountants and stockbrokers –, and married dd April ’95 at Hillhead Parish Church nr Glasgow Jessie Paton M'Neil, daughter John M'Neil of 1 Great Western Terrace Glasgow; probably Miss Jessie Wilson Paton was related to the Major’ wife Jessie.

Quote dd '21 – ‘Major William Henry Goff – see at right dd ’30 - was Master of the  Lanarkshire and Renfrewshire Hunt. In his very early days he was so keen on the sport that he was out on a pony as often as possible with various packs. In 1897 he commenced to hunt regularly with the Linlithgow and Stirlingshire, and two years later having taken up residence at Ardgryffe in the heart of Renfrewshire hunting territory, he became a consistent follower of this pack, while Ardgryffe was added to the list of popular meets. In ‘10 Major Goff acquired a lease of Dargavil from the then proprietor, Captain J E Hall Maxwell, R N, for whom he undertook the supervision of the rebuilding of the mansion, which had previously been burnt down. Extensive improvements on this small sporting estate were carried out, and the new tenant at the same time did all that was possible in developing the district into a foxy quarter. His active interest in the welfare of the Hunt has also been shown by the capable fulfilment of the position as honorary secretary to the wire fund for the past seventeen years. Always well mounted, he is a very ardent rider to hounds, and while foxhunting takes premier place with him, Major Goff is a fine shot. In his younger days he was also a keen golfer, playing from scratch at St Andrews. When the Mastership of the pack became vacant in ‘21, his acceptance of the position gave general satisfaction. The new Master has now taken up residence at Lainshaw, an Ayrshire estate, which he recently purchased.’ -

Major William Henry Goff' adopted daughter Miss Jessie Wilson Paton married in ’12 at Erskine Church nr Bishopton Mr Richard Robert Forbes - Captain 93th Argyll & Sutherland Regt -, and re-married Mr Edmund Giffard Oliver in ’20. The 1939 Register mentions at the same house address 'Down End' London road Petersfield - Hampshire' a/o Mrs Jessie Wilson Oliver b Sept ’89 living on private means widowed,  and Dr John Kingdon Graham Way, perhaps the one who gave her shelter after the death dd Jan '39 of her husband Mr Edmund Giffard Oliver including the High Court of Justice' case of long-term fraud done by  the solicitors firm 'Messrs Sutton, Ommanney & Oliver' of which he was senior partner.

Quote – ‘Dr John Kingdon Graham Way, M R C S, L R C P, formerly a general practitioner at Horndean - Hants, died in St Thomas Hospital London, on 9 April '70, at the age of 65, after an operation. John Kingdon Graham Way, the son of the late Dr Montague Way, O B E, J P, and the great-nephew of Dr John and Dr Fred Way - all well-known Portsmouth practitioners - was born in '04, was, educated at Eastman' School Southsea Haileybury, and Guy' Hospital, qualifying with the Conjoint diploma in '25. After a short service commission in the Royal Navy (spent mainly in China) he followed the family tradition by entering general practice in Horndean in '29. Recalled to the Navy in ‘40, he served at sea in H M S Ajax, and was mentioned in dispatches for his work in action at Oran. As a member of the parish and rural district councils, the British Legion, and president and keen supporter of the local football club he played a full part in all the village social activities. He was a well-loved and shrewd clinician-almost defiantly proud of belonging to the old school of general practitioners, which for him meant unlimited hours of work, instant availability, and much moral and occasional surreptitious financial support to all his patients. His premature retirement in ‘56, owing to ill-health, caused both his partners and patients considerable distress. He never married, and spent his retirement at his home in Emsworth and visiting the United States.’ - Mrs Jessie Wilson Oliver née Paton  died at Ashford in ’76, aged 87.

At left – Article dd July ’19; - centre - Miss Oliver, and Hellingly ch’s Joy b ’29 by Joseph, Duchess b ’33 by Ajax & Patricia b '30 by Joseph; - at right - 1) article dd Dec ’33 or about a year after the Olivers settled at Bedale Hall – At the Harrogate Dog Show dd Aug ’34 there was an entry of 502, with Mastiffs by a long way the most popular individual breed. In the classes for Mastiffs Mrs E G Oliver, of Bedale, had entered nearly thirty dogs., 2) dd Nov ’36 about his brother Mr Douglas Roderick Giffard Oliver of Thedwastre Thurston nr Bury St Edmunds - Suffolk, formerly of Srwinagar Kashmir India, left an estate valued £9725 to his wife Mrs Janet Oliver née Lorimer, who moved to Ennismore Gardens Kensington, and 3) ) Feb ’38 about their daughter Jane who has reached maturity and comes out into society at a formal debut. Her father’ obituary mentions between the mourners ‘his daughter Miss B J Oliver', presumably Barbara aka 'Babs' Jane Oliver. One of Mrs/Mr Oliver’ early purchases was Hellingly Babs b '28/29 & bred by Dervot breeder Mr Arthur Baggaley out of ch Westcroft Blaise’ dau Dervot Dawn sired by ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ son Menai Anglesea; Babs was transferred to Mr Joseph Stanley Hume, of Huntington Yorks, who mated her to ch Arolite resulting in Mrs Dora MacDougall ‘Arovot b '31.

Article dd July 1870 annex a drawing of Crystal Palace '70 prize winners, a/o first prize Open Class Mastiffs, Baron b  April ’68 & bred by Mr T H V Lukey out of Lukeys Governor’ dau Treasure sired by Mr Field’ ch King, the latter 1st prize winner in Champion Class; 2nd prize Mr Chas Bathurst’ Peveril by Mr Lukeys Wallace, and 3rd the Wynnes’ Monarch by ch King. – Mr Lukey’ Baron became instrumental in early Mastiff breeding along his daughters 1) Ino who produced ch The Shah, the one behind almost all first-class show Mastiff strains, and 2) Ino’ sis Grace who produced Mr Beaufoy’ ch Nero, and Mr W K Taunton’ ch Gwendolen, the latter mated to ch Cardinal, produced Dr Campbell' ch Lily II; ch Gwendolen was grand-dam of ch Griselda as well.

The drawing also presents Mr John Henshall' sleek white Bulldog ‘Duke’ b ’67 – Old Lilly ex Old Dan -  bred by the Duke of Hamilton, whose great-grandfather Archibald - Duke of Hamilton - owned the patched Mastiff-like dog painted by Mr Sawrey Gilpin R A. The Bulldog Duke, owned by Mr John Henshall of Cross lane Salford nr Manchester, was described as – ‘a heavy white dog, as gentle in fact as he is fierce in looks. Duke has taken a number of prizes, and is unquestionably one of the finest specimens of his kind. It is at the same time more than questionable whether he would not have to throw up the sponge in a fair set-to with any respectable Bull-Terrier.’ - Mr John Henshall ‘42-86 was the manager of the ‘ManChem' bleaching company, owned by his uncle Mr Peter Eden b ‘25 whose father Mr Edward Eden was landlord at the Butchers Arms Hotel Cross Lane opposite the Cattle Market. Mr Peter Eden was, a manufacturing chemist aside, an Overseer of the Poor for Pendleton, and a champion Yorkshire Terrier breeder. When he died unmarried dd ‘89, he left in excess of £14,000, (a considerable sum in those days), mainly to Mr John Henshall' surviving children.

Article dd April ’29 by Mr Arthur Croxton Smith b ’65-52, journalist of Burlington House Wandle Road Upper Tooting SW, who owned the Wandle Bloodhound kennels, a/o Panther & ch Wandle Welcome – see insert at right -. - Crufts ’29 - res cc ch Cleveland Premier’ cousin ch Hellingly Joseph, 3rd Mr Joice’ ch Arolite; bitch cc Hardingham Lady Barbara res cc ch Helga’ & ch Ursula' sis Hellingly Lady Here bred by Miss Bell, 3rd Cleveland Yolanda owned by Mrs Jessie Wilson Oliver & Mr Edmund Giffard Oliver.

Wythybush breeder Miss Ianthe Bell’ father Mark Sever Bell - see at left -, b 1843 at Sydney Australia, migrated in '47 with his mother Emily Royes, b ‘17 Aldersgate London to England, due to the death of his father Mr Hutchinson Bell, b 1794 Leconfield Yorks. According to the census '51 Mark Sever Bell resided at 5 Red Street St Helier Jersey Channel Islands and was educated at King's College School  [where he was made a Fellow in ‘90] . In '62 Mark Sever Bell entered the Royal Engineers. In '65-66 he served with the Bhutan Expedition, in command of the Royal Engineers as well as the Bengal Sappers and Miners. He also commanded the Engineers in the Hazara Expedition in ‘68 earning a mention in despatches after a forced march of 600 miles.

He was a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. He was thirty years old, and a Lieutenant in the Corps of Royal Engineers during the First Ashanti Expedition when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC – ‘On 4 February '74 at the Battle of Ordashu, Ashanti (now Ghana), Lieutenant Bell was always in front, urging and exhorting an unarmed working party of Fantee labourers who were exposed not only to the fire of the enemy, but to the wild and irregular fire of the native troops to the rear. He encouraged these men to work under fire without a covering party and this contributed very materially to the success of the day.’ - Other Medal Entitlements – Companion , Order of the Bath (CB) , India General Service Medal ‘54-95; North West Frontier, Bhootan Burma ‘85-87; Ashantee Medal ‘73-74, Queen Victoria Jubilee Medal ‘87.


Bell was promoted to Major in '82 and served as an Intelligence Officer in the Burma Campaign of ‘86-87. He was Assistant Quartermaster-General of Intelligence ‘80-85 and was promoted to Brevet Lieutenant Colonel in ‘83 and then to Brevet Colonel in ‘87 ; Deputy Quartermaster-General ‘85-88 and Colonel Bell commanded the Royal Engineers  Western District from ‘94-98 . In ‘93 Bell was created a CB [Military]. Because of ill health he was placed on half pay. He became Aide-de-Camp to Queen Victoria between ‘97 – 1900. Mark Sever Bell was extremely well travelled covering more than 12,000 miles, visiting Central Asia, China and the East. Many of the places he visited were unknown. He was the author of many military & geographical papers a/o ‘ The Defense of India ‘ and was the first winner of the McGregor Gold Medal of the United States Institute Indiana. The retired Colonel died 26 June 1906 at Earlywood Lodge  - see centre - Bagshot road Sunninghill – Surrey.

Mark Sever Bell married Miss Angelina H Dickenson in ‘75 but she died only four years later. He re-married Miss Nora Margaret Boger [b ‘69 Plymouth] in 1890 at St George Hanover Square. Their three children were 1) Major Anthony Harley Mark, Military Cross,  b '95-64 , 3) Captain Robert de Hougham Mark - see at right -,  ‘96 who was killed in action on 3rd September 1916 while leading his Company in the first assault on Guillemont - France.  His Commanding Officer wrote to his father explaining - 'Your boy was wounded in the wrist, and while having it dressed, was shot through the head and killed instantly.' -. He could have had his wound tended at the dressing station but he refused to leave his men. His name appeared once in despatches ‘for gallant and distinguished conduct in the field’  and his promotion to the rank of Captain was ante-dated to July; and 3) Ianthe Bell,  b ‘99 -'60, the breeder of Mastiffs between ’24-60.

Goring breeder Mrs Norah Spencer Dickin - b Chelsea London - must have had affinity with Miss Ianthe Bell, as she came from a family with distinct military connections as well. Norah’ father  Lt-Col Horace Robert Stopford ‘55-99 - see at left - died at Modder River South Africa, killed in the neck by one of the first shells fired by the Boers. Appointed Lieutenant in 46th  Foot dd ‘74; transferred to the Coldstream Guards as Lieutenant dd ‘75; appointed ADC to General Sir TMS Steele, Commanding Forces in Ireland dd ‘82; promoted Captain dd ‘85 ; from ‘87-89 Commandant of the School of Instruction for Auxiliary Forces at Wellington Barracks; promoted Major dd ‘93; promoted Lieut-Col dd ‘99 to command the 2nd Battalion which,  on arrival in South Africa, joined the Kimberley Relief Force under Lieutenant General Lord Methuen, and took part in the battles of Belmont and Graspan.

Lt-Col Horace Robert Stopford  is mentioned in the report of Major-General Sir H Colville, concerning the battle of Belmont – ‘the advance of his battalion was distinctly well performed.’ - Horace Robert Stopford and his family are mentioned in the listing of royal & noble families of Britain. On 8 July '11 his daughter Norah ‘89-66 married Major of the 2nd Dragoon Guards Edward Spencer Dickin ‘72-60, only son of Captain Thomas Atcherley Massy Dickin of Loppington House nr Wolverley Wem - Shropshire which can explain the name of their residence at Goring-on-Thames , namely Wolverley House  5 Station Road – see centre -. Edward Spencer Dickin' uncle Lt-Col John Lloyd Dickin '45-27 was the son of Major Thomas Dickin of Loppington House, educated privately and serving in Bengal with the 65th regiment, subsequently with the 61st regiment in Canada, the Bombay presidency of Baluchistan and Malta. He retired in 1896 after having completed over thirty years service and lived up at Loppington Hall.

Mrs Norah Dickin’ daughter Evelyn Nancy Stopford Dickin married dd Dec ’37 Sir Ewan George Macpherson-Grant, 6th Baronet. – At right the tennis players Lord Iliffe & son, the Chilean champion Senorita Anita Lizana, and at extreme right Miss Evelyn Nancy Stopford Dickin -.

Mrs Norah Dickin’ & Mr Wm Bullen’ booklet  'The St Bernard & the Mastiff and All About Them' was published early ’36 by ‘Dog World', a canine newspaper emerged from ‘The Illustrated Kennel News’ 1902-18 founded by a/o George R Krehl, editor of ‘The Stock Keeper’. The name ‘Dog World' was adopted on 4 April 1919, and dd ’28 purchased by Watmoughs Ltd – see at left the board of directors - Idle nr Bradford North Yorks. The booklet was withdrawn by Wathmoughs Ltd after Mr E G Oliver’ copyright claims before Chancery.  At right - announcement published in the Kennel Gazette dd March '36.

The copyright thereto refers to works written by Mr E G Oliver and published respectively in the OEMC Year Book 1929, The Kennel Gazette newspaper of Nov ’30, Oct ’31, June ’33, Jan & Feb ‘35, and in Hutchinson’ Popular Dog Encyclopaedia. The judicial report of the case Oliver v Dickin mentions that - Mrs Dickin was commissioned by Watmoughs Ltd to write her book early in August ’35 after Miss Bell has declined the offer, and proposed the firm to contact Mrs Dickin. The work was to be done quickly, so Mrs Dickin was away from home when she did it, staying at Otterey St Mary in Devonshire and had with her a number of notes on scraps of paper and a number of canine books. The copy was finished by end August ’35.' -  The infringement of copyright was partly proven by the fact she copied data which were mistaken by Mr E G Oliver in his articles on the Mastiff breed, p ex – he stated that ‘Wallace died in 1840', but Wallace was actually the sire of dogs born in ’63 and ’65. Whence came the date 1840 in Mrs Dickin’ book? Unquestionably from Mr Oliver’ article. Further on, Mrs Dickin stated in her booklet  the Mastiff Club was formed in 1873, but Mr Oliver claimed it was not 1873 but 1872,  BUT ... the Northampton Mercury' daily newpaper dd July 12th 1873, repeat 1873, mentions under the heading - Home & General - 'A new club under the title of the Mastiff Club has just been started , the objects of which are to promote a general improvement of the Mastiff breed.' - So in this trivial matter Mr Oliver himself was wrong... - A source mentions – ‘every copy was recalled except for 35 that had already been sold in the shops.

Or Dog World’ publishing firm Watmoughs Ltd asked thé then Mastiff historian Mrs E G Oliver at first but with no end, or it should be bizarre to engage Miss Bell to write the book instead. By the bye, Mr E G Oliver had already written historical Mastiff articles published in Dog World, and thereby his wife has been Dog World correspondent re Mastiff breed news & comments for a period of time…

Watmoughs Limited’ other publications were a/o ~ ‘23 Bon Stubbs Original comic Yorksher almanack [Bairstow] ~ ’25 Fur-Producing Rabbits [Anon]; Rabbit culture for fur [MaCrae] ~ ‘27 Rabbit Keeping - How to Begin [Watson]; Rabbits and All About Them [House] ~’28 Angora Wool Production [McDougall] ~ ‘29 The modern Airedale  [James Saunders]; Canine nursing [Wilkinson] ~ ‘30 The pug dog. Its history and origin [Swainston-Goodger]; Mice for the hobbyist exhibitor and scientist by [Wood] ; The original Clock Almanack for in the Yorkshire dialect [Hampton]; The original almanack [Hartley] ~ ‘31 The Early Life and Training of a Gundog [Badcock]; The Early Life and Training of a Gundog [Lt–Col Badcock]; A democrat from Debre , a farcical comedy [Gregson]; The ScientificAspects of Rabbit Breeding [Pickard] ~ ‘33 Fun with the fishing rod by [Bazley]; Peeps into the security department [Howard] ~ ‘34 The Dalmatian and All About it  by [Saunders]; The Bull Terrier and All About It [Hollender, Major Count VC]; The Scottish Terrier - its breeding and management [Gabriel]; Bulldog Annuals including pedigrees  [Smith] ~ ’35 The Dog Owners' Guide and Who's Who in Dogdom [Corbett] ~  ’36 St Bernard & Mastiff and All About Them [Mr Wm Bullen & Mrs Norah Dickin  ~ ‘37 The Old English Sheepdog [Tilley] ~ ‘38 Great Danes of Today [Booker]; The Scottish Terrier- Its Breeding and Management [Gabriel] ; History of the Congregational Church at Eccleshill [Crapp] and the most used Dog Show Printing Service London Office ~ 69 Fleet Street.

Dd June 2017 - 'Dog World newspaper goes bust. Most people are aware that trading conditions in recent years in business generally have been difficult to say the least. In many areas advertising revenues and sponsorship income are not what they used to be pre recession. The printing and publishing industry is no exception and the added effect of digital media and social network has contributed to a loss of revenue on a number of fronts. In the UK we have had the luxury of not one, but two weekly canine newspapers serving the needs of the dog showing community. It is therefore with regret that Dog World recently went into administration and has now ceased trading.' -

Mastiff notes written by Mrs Jessie Wilson Oliver - J W O - and published in Dog World between May – Sept ’31 . - ‘Polly’ owned by Lord Weymouth aka Hellingly Hanna was born June ’29 out of Joseph’ dau Hecuba sired by ch Cleveland Premier; Mr Hawkings’ Goldhawk Imperator b Jan ’28 out of ch Hellingly Joseph’ sis Goldhawk Fairy sired by ch Ashenhurst Cedric – Imperator'death was caused, reportedly,  by gastro-enteritis *** - he sired Mrs Frances Samuelson’ ch Cinque Ports Michael; at Richmond Major Harding Cox awarded the cc to ch Hellingly Joseph, seconded by ch Hellingly Ajax – the bitch cc went to Mr Bourne’ Poordale Charm – Hellingly Honor ex ch Cleveland Premier -, res cc ch Hellingly Joy.

Ileden breeder Mrs Lilian Woods’ daughter Miss Lilian Sheila R Woods married Mr Robert E Rising – Ileden’ litter was by Hellingly Robert,  sibling of Hellingly Queen Bess both bred by Cleveland breeder Mr Herbert Cook – Queen Bess, mated to Cleveland Julian, produced Hellingly ch’s Cardinal & Marksman - Mr Hawkings reported dd Dec '31 - 'We sympathise with Mrs L Woods in the complete loss of what we understand was a remarkable litter. The puppies had been reared to the age of seven months, with a view to showing them all, when distemper took its toll.' -; the M B A aka the Mastiff Breeders Association was co-founded by the Olivers after disagreements with the OEMC, amongst the M B A Members were Cleveland breeder Mr Herbert Cook, Trelyon breeder Mrs T H Thomas, Tiddicar breeder Mr Leonard Crook, Ileden breeder Mrs Lilian Woods, and the oldtimer Mr Wm Norman Higgs with his wife; the judge at Leeds ’31 was Dervot breeder Mr Arthur Baggaley of Cottingham Yorks.

Mrs Oliver’ breed note dd July '31 'initialled E G O' mentions – 'all communications for the next two weeks should be sent direct to me at Witton Castle Witton-le-Wear Durham.' - It was around that time Sir Edmund Chaytor decided to let or sell Witton Castle – see above at right - on account of the high costs of maintenance. Whether or not the Olivers were interested to rent or buy it, fact is that about a year later the Olivers moved from Winkenhurst Sussex to Bedale Hall – ca thirty mls S of Witton Castle. – Dd Sept '31 Mr Wm Norman Higgs took over the Dog World' breed correspondence.

At left – dd Dec ’17 - Miss Ivy M N Higgs b ’92, eldest daughter of Mr Wm Norman Higgs’ three daughters, married Sergeant Claud Harry Green of Muswell Hill London. - Her grandfather was  Mr William Alpheus Higgs, Sheriff of London -  tea trader/merchant.

The show year ’31 was a great success for the Olivers; except for five cc’s won by Mastiffs bred by 1) Miss Bell, ie ch Ursula (2x) owned by Menai breeder Mr Bob Thomas, and ch Uther Penarvon, and 2) ch Arolite (2x) bred by Mr J G Joice, all thirteen remaining cc’s were won by Mastiffs bred/owned by the Olivers, or descended from Hellingly stock. It must have been quite a surprise none of those dominant Hellingly bred/owned ones were entered, not at Crufts ’32 – ninety entries - under Mr Wm Hunter Johnston, nor at Crufts ’33 – forty-eight entries - under Mr Guy P Greenwood, notwithstanding the fact they dominated the show years ’32 & ’33.

*** Note - Mr Hawkings mentioned gastro-enteritis in Our Dogs Mems dd Sept'31 -  'This distressing  malady, a  by no means uncommon complaint, can only be successfully treated by prompt action. Release of the gasses by means of tubes down the throat and through the sides is not as safe with dogs as in the case of cattle. As soon as the first symptoms are observed (a swelling of the stomach), a piece of washing soda should be forced  down the throat, and the animal kept walking until the wind is dispersed. Once he lies down it is generally a case with him.' - In present-day  gastrio-enteritis is an emergency medical condition: having the animal examined by a veterinarian is imperative. It can become fatal within a matter of minutes. The remedy with washing soda seems to be  advised in case of poisoning, and causing vomiting.

Dog World' breed co-correspondent Mr Frederick Herbert Cleminson '82-35 judged Mastiffs five times at cc level. At Leeds ’30 Mrs J W Oliver became the 3rd woman to award Mastiff cc’s, followed by judgings at Blackpool ’34, and at Glasgow ‘35.

The 1st female Mastiff judge at championship level was Miss Cecile Mavis Garland b '66-54, of Moorlands Wallington Surrey, namely at Ranelagh ’16, and successively at Crufts ’21, Darlington ’23, Ladies Kennel Association ’24, Birmingham ’25, and finally at Darlington ‘33; Miss C M Garland was the daughter of Mr John Garland of Sevenoaks Kent, renowned head gardener of Sir Thomas Dyke-Acland, Bart & MP of Killerton House Broadclyst - Devon. Miss Garland mated dd ’07 her unr brood Buena Ventura to ch Hazlemere Ronald which produced a) Lady Widmere, ch Lidgett Viscount' maternal grand-dam,

and b) Berenice, the latter mated to Adam’ son Survivor gave 1) ch Master Beowulf’ sire Beowulf b '12, and 2) sis Minerva, paternal grand-dam to Miss Bell’ ch Woden, and maternal grand-dam of Westcroft ch's Cleopatra & Chloe, and Can ch Beowulf - the latter  paternal half brother to Miss Pope' brindle Gathnel and paternal nephew to Miss Pope' fawn ch Lady Lieve, the twin pictured - see at left -  at Crystal Palace KC Show Nov ’20 where the 75y old Mr W K Taunton awarded cc’s for the last time – dog cc Mr C Kenneth’ ch Weland, res cc Collyhurst Squire' son Beeches Brunna, 3rd prize Open Class to Miss Pope’ brindle Gathnel; the bitch cc went to Miss Pope’ fawn ch Lady Lieve, res cc ch Miss Bull, 3rd ch Young Mary Bull.

Mr W K Taunton' last show Mastiff was the fawn bitch Baretta b '20, sibling to ch Master Beowulf bred by Miss  E H Harbur out of King of North' dau Jessica sired by Miss Cecile M Garland' Beowulf.

The 2nd woman to judge Mastiffs at cc level was Miss Garland’ friend Miss Alice  Sarah Pope b '77-55, of Oakfield House Borehamwood – Herts,  awarding cc’s at Richmond '23, the Ladies Kennel Association ’24, and Crystal Palace '35; Miss  Pope' pictured Mastiffs were bred by civil engineer and fellow-villager Mr Benjamin Thos Stubbs b '75, 1) the brindle  Gathnel b ‘16  - Lady Brombess  – Adam’ dau Coatham Bess ex ch Brompton Duke - sired by Can ch Beowulf' sire Wingfield Priam - Eve ex Prince Lie-A-Bed -,  and 2) his  paternal aunt ch Lady Lieve out of Eve - ch Brompton Duchess ex   ch Lidgett Viscount' sire Brindled Prince -  sired by Prince Lie-A-Bed, - see at right - out of Miss Garland' Minerva sired by Cleveland Leopold -, and owned by Captain Percy Rygate Borrett '89-63 of The Whyte House Weeke - Winchester. Mr B T Stubbs owned Eve' sis Jess as well. -  Quite possible it was  thanks (in part) to Mr Taunton, OEMC Secretary, those women got the chance to become appointed Mastiff judges at championship level. At Birmingham '37 Havengore breeder Mrs Lucy Scheerboom ‘92-77 completes the 'clover 4' of pre-WWII female  Mastiff cc judging.

Our Dogs’ Mastiff Mems dd Oct ’31 about the Buxton Show judged by OEMC President Mrs Jack Hardy b ’95 née Frances E C Goodall. At right - centre of a photograph taken at the Pavilion Gardens Buxton early 1930s presenting a group of Mastiff fanciers, published in the OEMC Centenary booklet which mentions among those present, Mrs Beacom – centre -, formerly ch Master Beowulf' owner Miss Ethel Hannah Harbur b 82 m in '25 Mr Thomas R Beacom.  Her ch Master Beowulf won the old Presidents cup outright, but she re-presented it to the Club in '32, since when it has been known the ch Master Beowulf Cup. Or is it a lapsus and is it OEMC President Mrs Jack Hardy? The one who judged Mastiffs at Buxton in Oct ’31, together with her 2nd husband Mr Robert Nelson Thorn b ’98,  and in the background perhaps one of their servants. Note – 'Macauly' refers to Thomas Babington Macaulay 1800-59 - 1st Baron - historian -, essayist, and statesman, best remembered for his five-volume History of England. - At right dd May ’14 - An image which personifies the then awakening of female consciousness at exhibitions of all kinds. ‘A Swansea lady winning a pair of gloves at the Bath and West of England Agricultural Show held at Swansea, by walking Sir John Cotterill’ Hereford bull Comet round the ring without the assistance of the drover.’

Messrs Wm Rochester Pape, a Tyneside shotgun manufacturer, and Mr John Shorthouse ’24-11,  Newcastle agent of ‘Messrs Bass, Ratcliff & Gretton Brewers Ltd' living at Hartford Bridge nr Newcastle, organised the first ever dog show. Mr Shorthouse’ daughter Miss Gertrude Ellen b '53 married dd May ‘74 Mastiff fancier Mr Joseph Lowthian Dickinson b ’50-75, of Belle Vue House Shotley Bridge nr Durham, owner of  1) ch Briton b ’69 & bred by Miss Anne Aglionby - out of Druid’ dau Una sired by ch Turk’ brother Wolf –, and sibling of Mrs Mary Rawlinson' ch Hector – see at right  tableau of prize winners at the Glasgow Dog Show April ’71 incl Hector in the centre  -, and 2) the rather rough coated Harold b ’71 & bred by the Wynnes – out of Charlie’ dau Empress sired by ch King –. Mr Joseph Lowthian Dickinson was the son of Sir John Dickinson, Belle Vue House Shotley Bridge, one of the proprietors of Consett Brick manufactory, and chairman of the Consett Local Board.

Mr Joseph Lowthian Dickinson’ obituary dd March ’75 mentions a/o – He owned the celebrated Mastiff Briton who was awarded first prize at almost all the principal shows in England during the last two or three years; in ’73 he gained first honours at Scarborough, Blaydon, Darlington, Durham, Keighley, Glasgow, Kendal, and Crystal Palace; last year similar honours were won at Glasgow, Bedlington, Burton-on-Trent, Blaydon-on-Tyne, Darlington, Durham, and Shotley Bridge. At the Bedlington Dog Show May ’74 , numbering a total of 750 entries, - 'the Silver Cup for the best dog in the show, was won by Mr J L Dickinson’ Briton, and the announcement that this gentleman has gained the prize, was received with an outburst of cheers.’ After Mr Joseph L Dickinson' premature death, ch Briton, reportedly weighing reportedly 12 ½ stone equal to 175lb,  became owned by Mr W Dickinson of Shotley Bridge.

At left - Article dd Sept ’56 which shows that dog exhibitions were held prior to the Newcastle Dog Show organised by Messrs Pape & Shorthouse. The first meeting of the South London Canine Association was conducted by Messrs J W Guppy and W Bladon. Mr John Wm Guppy bred first-class Mastiffs, a/o Mr James Carter’ Quaker b '62 - Mr Guppy' Nell ex Mr Cautley’ Quaker -, winner of 29 1st prizes, and his sis Mr Field' Nell, the latter mated to Governor' son Rufus, produced the renowned ch King. Mr Guppy' Nell was daughter to Nell - reportedly carrying a dash of bull blood -, owned by Lord Darnley aka John Stuart Bligh, 6th Earl of Darnley '27-96 of Cobham Hall nr Gravesend - Kent. An article dd Feb ‘68 mentions – ‘Mr Guppy will be there, with him that matchless Mastiff King, for whom 300 guineas have been offered and refused.’; Mr T H V Lukey bred a litter dd April '68 out of his Governor' dau Treasure sired by ch King resulting in Crystal Palace '70 & ‘71 champion prize winner ch Beauty and the well-known stud Baron. Mr Guppy may have changed his mind as the KCSB dd '74 mentions ch King owned by Mr E King of Upper Marsh Lambeth London. - At right - Mr Jemmy Shaw in the Queen' Head tavern Haymarket London.

At left - photo Sept ’30 - ch Ursula b May ‘26 bred by Miss Ianthe Bell - out of ch King Baldur’ dau Menai Victoria sired by Poor Joe’ son ch Woden –, owned by Jersey breeder Mrs J Evans who sold her to Menai breeder Mr Bob Thomas but, just like her famous sisters ch Helga & Hellingly Lady Here, she never produced any offspring; - centre – photo April ’32 - ch Hellingly Joy b ’29 bred by Mrs Oliver – ch Wantley Joy ex ch Hellingly Joseph - ; - at right – photo Aug ’32 - Mastiffs of Miss E M Smith - in cooperation with Mr Stanley Francis Smith of Walverden kennels -, children of Mr Samuel Smith, director of Samuel Smith & Sons Ltd -  fellmongers and leather dressers Waterside tannery Hillside Colne - the quartette presents possibly 1) 2d fr l - Menai Captain b July ’28 - ch Menai Juno ex ch King Agrippa -, 2) Satelite b July ’28 - ch Benvolio' sis Mirander ex ch Arolite -, 3) ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ dau My Shiela b Dec ’27, and 4) the ownbred Walverden Charity b ’30 – ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ dau Wantley Bretwalda Maid ex ch Duke’ son Benvolio -, the latter bred/owned by Mr Guy P Greenwood, of Hillside Colne Lancs too.

An article dd Dec ’31 about Mrs Mary Anne Jagger née Tilburn b ’50-36   m dd ’79 Mr Samuel Jagger ’56-25, a woollen merchant of Cliff Head Honley nr Huddersfield. She became England’ first postmistress and created a sensation in the canine world when she was appointed dd '94 by the Kennel Club as the first woman judge at a championship show, ie at Belfast. – ‘So great was the opposition that after judging the show at Belfast, Mrs Jagger had to leave in a closed cab to avoid a hostile crowd. One of her St Bernards defeated a Borzoi exhibited by Queen Victoria, and Mrs Jagger was congratulated on the feat by Her Majesty.’ – The article mentions, amongst the St Bernard exhibitors at Belfast, Mr Shearer Clark '55-10, a  wine & spirits merchant of Wishaw Scotland, who fancied several breeds a/o Mastiffs too. He bred Duke of Fife b  ’89 - ch Prince of Wales' dau Lady Florence ex Captain Marryatt –, maternal grandsire to ch Hazlemere Ronald; Mr Wm Shearer Clark owned ch Peter Piper’ brother Leyton Jim and purchased Mr Luke Crabtree’ prize-winning Blondin after he had killed his master’ famous Bulldog champion Boomerang.

An article dd Nov ‘02 headed ‘Shearer Clark of Wishaw. One of Scotland' Champions.'  by Mr A Nicol Simpson F Z S - mentions - 'In Mastiffs nothing could be desired superior to ‘Blondin’,  a splendid well-conditioned dark brindle This dog has merely to be led into the ring to carry off the dux prize. As a show-trotter he has been in many a goodly lot. He has carried off the fifty-guinea challenge cup no fewer than six times in his day; he has won first and cups at London, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Manchester; and, indeed, it would take all one’ lead pecil to enumerate the list in detail. Still looking back, there was ‘Leyton Jim’, a nice brindle that won the gold medal at Edinburgh in ’95 against a mixed lot of Mastiffs and Newfoundlands. This same dog had firsts at Dundee, Ayr, Perth, and other centres. His brother Peter Piper won at Crufts against all comers, including the Yankee – ed Am ch Beaufort’ Black Prince – sent over for the world’ championship.’ - Mr Wm Shearer Clark’ obituary says a/o – He was known all over as the ‘Big Dog Man’, successful breeder and exhibitor of dogs, and latterly a breeder of hackneys, one of which was first at New Monkland Show in the driving class only the other week. Deceased’ son is medical examiner for the Schools in Lanarkshire.’ -

Article dd Dec '31 - The puppy in question was a dam/son breeding by Mr Hawkings out of  Goldhawk Jasmine – ch Hellingly Joseph’ sis Goldhawk Fairy ex Cleveland Chancellor – sired by Sioux Chief – Goldhawk Jasmine ex Cleveland Chancellor’ brother Cleveland Premier -. At left – the red Cleveland Leopold bred by Cleveland breeder Mr George Cook’ friend Mr Wm Price;  Leopold sired 1) the famous Brompton champion pair Duke & Duchess, and 2) Mr Cook’ ch Lightning & Thunderbolt, the latter maternal grandsire of the important Ashenhurst Duke who sired the Ashenhurst champion pair Cedric & Bernicea, and thereby grandsired ch Havengove Bill.

Article dd Nov ’27 about Mr/Mrs Arthur & Lily Baggaley’ Dervot kennels at The Limes George street Cottingham Yorks - their foundation brood was Diana of Dermot b '21 & bred by Mr H Beasley out of Stapleford Agrippa' dau Penkhull Lady sired by ch King Baldur - Dermot Diana' siblings were ch Prince & ch Duke' sire Jersey Lion, ch Prince & ch Duke' grand-dam Clayton Betty, and ch Havengore Bill' grand-dam Shirebrook Lady;   the Baggaley' 15 stone 10 lb weighing Cleveland Defender sired a/o Mr Illingworth’ Brigena, Beamsley Bill & sis Mary, and Dollymount Shiela, the latter three out of Dervot Diana; Cleveland Defender b '23, who died through pneumonia, was elder brother of ch Cleveland Premier. Mr Baggaley was partner of the firm ‘Baggaley & Sons’ - general merchants & brokers - marine store dealer, and director of the ‘Grimsby Greyhound track Co’ owning the Grimsby - & the Halifax Greyhound racing tracks.  At right - dd Nov '27 - Mrs Lily Baggaley and her ch Dervot Dawn.

At left - photo Dec ’29 - ch Dervot Dawn b Feb '27 owned by Mrs Lily Baggaley née Kingston of Cottingham nr Hull & bred by Mr Louis Saveria - out of ch Superbus & King Agrippa’ sis Lady Pat sired by ch Westcroft Blaise – Dawn, mated to Menai Anglesea, produced Hellingly Babs – Dawn, over 12 stone, died Aug ’31, reportedly caused by gastro-enteritis – Mrs Baggaley ’75-59 once had the  finest boarding kennels in Yorkshire, her Mastiffs approaching the number thirty; after her husband Arthur ‘73-33 died, she forsook the giant Mastiff for the diminutive Dachshund, and sold her boarding kennels in ’40. For Mrs Baggaley – see Miscellanea Four as well. - Centre – photo dd ’30 - the dark apricot, not to say red, Mrs Norah Dickin’  Stonehall Edward presenting an apparent coat colour referring to stock of similar hue bred by Mrs John Evans  of Jersey, a/o her red ch Prince b ’24 from whom a considerable number of children were exported to the States a/o Mr Beier’ Thor de Isles. - At right – photo June ’30 - The money-making Mastiff Prince at Birmingham.

At left - Leeds Show Sept ‘30 was judged by Mrs J W Oliver (checkered emsemble) awarding the cc to Mr J G Joice’ ch Arolite, res cc ch Woden’ son Cleveland Comedian - possibly the one at left -, 3th ch Westcroft Blaise' son Swanston Thunderer owned by Mrs Jack Hardy née Frances E C Goodall b '89 who succeeded in '31  Lt-Col Z Walker as OEMC President and judged Mastiffs dd Oct 21 ‘31; bitch cc ch Woden’ dau ch Helga, res Garlinge Lady Jane, 3rd MacDuff’ dau Cleveland Clytie; amongst the other prize winners were Mr Hawkings' Sioux Chief' brother  Jazz Band owned by Cleveland breeder Mr H Cook who transferred to the Olivers who re-named him Hellingly Victor, cc winner under Mr W J Nichols at Brighton Sept '31.

Other Leeds entries were Mr T Padgett’ Woodbine Don, Mrs L Roberts’ Mars Mac Moon, Mrs E Garnett’ Lady Margaret, Mr H Cook’ Cleveland Ponoroggo, Mr J Geo Joice’ ownbred Orsova - sibling of Satelite b July ’28 - ch Benvolio’ sis Mirander (ch Duke ex Bronygarth Bess) sired by Arolite -, and Mr A Kershaw’ Griselda; - centre – The Mastiff Stonehall Edward at the wedding of his master Captain Morgan Henry Birch Reynardson and Miss Pauline Wendy Schulte, daughter of Mr Moritz Johann Schulte of the Triumph Cycle Co Ltd Coventry – photo Oct ’31; - at right – Our Dogs Mems by Mr Fred J Hawkings re the wedding dd Oct ’31.

Photograph dd Aug ’28 - Miss D Howland-Tucker, of Wendy Cot Fairseat lane Sevenoaks, with triple 'Dillon Ripley Bronze Throphy' *** winner Safety purchased from Mr Archer Blinks of Highgate Hawkhurst - Kent. Miss D Howland-Tucker, ‘arguably’ born in the States, owned 1) Baltana b Jan ’23 & bred by Mr A Gerard - Peggy unr ex Poor Joe - reserve cc at Darlington '26 under Mr Wm Hunter Johnston - cc ch Menai Yosemite -,  and 2)  the fawn Wendy Cot Peter b '23  - Baltana' niece Corps Peggy Garde ex Clayton Bruce -  but  put up for sale in ’25 at £15. Wendy Cot Peter sired a litter bred by Mr John Illingworth out of Clayton Diane resulting in 1) Elvet Barrie – who sired Broomcourt breeder Mr Ben Bennett’ first brood Broomcourt Shiela -, & 2) Brigeawa, dam of Tiddicar breeder Mr Leonard Crook’  King Leon & Selene, grand-dam of three Tiddicar champions  T- General, T- Diana & Hellingly Prudence. - At right – Miss Howland Tuckers Wendy Cot Peter’ grandchildren King Leon & Selene in the centre, together with Miss Reids The Mhor' brother Tiddicar Major.

Note *** - The Dillon Ripley Bronze Throphy for the best hunter at the Cross in Hand Horse Show East Grinstead was given by the American Mr Harry Dwight Dillon Ripley b '64-13 of The Spinney aka ‘Crelash' Horeham Road Marylebone. Mr Ripley came from New York, and his London address was 22 Sussex Place Clarence Gate. He was the grandson of American railway magnate Sidney Dillon, President of the Union Pacific Railroad who died in '92 leaving an enormous fortune which included two trust funds for his grandson worth almost a million dollars. Ripley never had to earn his living, instead dedicating himself to a quiet life of drink and dissipation, initially in his home town of New York and in London where he moved in the late 1890’s following the death of his mother.

At right - dd March ’34 – Miss Bell’ The Druid b ’31 – ch Westcroft Blaise’ dau Lady Hildur ex ch Uther Penarvon – 1st Open Class at the Manchester Dog Show Belle Vue Gardens with the show secretary and manager, resp Messrs Charles Blackburn  & Herbert Turner;  2nd Open Class Mr G P Greenwood’ ch Benvolio. Mr E G Oliver reported at Darlington July '33 - 'The Druid is a nice dog, pleasing expression, very sound, and well-shaped body.' - The judge Mr Chris Houlker dd Nov '33  - 'The Druid is quite a nice dog except that his colour is not attractive; big flat skull, ample bone and good body.'- Centre – his daughter ch Deleval Alftruda - out of Goldhawk Imperator' grand-dau Deleval Richilda -, owned by Mrs Fanny Woolley b '91-62, Magheramarne House 272 Walsall road Perry Barr Birmingham, the wife of Captain Philip S Woolley b '89, Mechanical Engineer of the Birmingham Corporation Salvage Department.

Rectification - Miscellanea Six re Mr Harry Taylor of Saxondale kennels. The OEMC newsletter No 90 dd ’90 mentions – ‘We regret to learn that Mrs Taylor of the Saxondale Mastiffs died on Wednesday 13th June. She was one of the Club’ oldest owners and breeders of Mastiffs. A longer notice about her will be in the next newsletter.’ -

 The 1939 Register mentions for Saxondale kennels St Austell road Cornwall  - 'Flora Taylor (Szego) b '05 house duties - single, Harry Taylor b ‘85 small holder - married, and Miss Emily H Brierley b '82 unpaid domestic duties - married.' -  Mr Harry Taylor b ’85-65 at Bradford  married in ’25 at Rochdale Lancs Miss Emily H Brierley b ’82-45. After his wife' death in '45 Harry  continued the Saxondale kennels with Flora née Szego '05-90. Miss Flora Szego b '05 Budapest Hungary was the daughter of Mr Bela Szego; she was sent to Falmouth Cornwall by the Famine Area Children' Hospitality Committee dd 10th October 1921. 

Dd Feb '34 Saxondale Brutus b Nov '31 bred by Mr Harry Taylor out of ch Cleveland Premier' dau Hellingly Hilda ex ch Arolite. Saxondale Brutus was reported dd '33 as 'I thought  unlucky, nice type and quality, smaller than the winner - ed The Druid -, very sound.' Mr Chris Houlker mentions  - 'Brutus has a typical head, shows plenty of quality; when he has made up in  body should do well.'   Mr Butt sold Brutus  to Dr Wayne Alter of  the States and sired Saxondale Buster who continued Brutus' male line along G1 Alters Big Jumbo G2  Parkhurst  Emblem G3 Parkhurst Rufus G4 Heatherbelle Sterling Silver G5 Wythybush  Magnus  G6 Weyacres Lincoln G7 Copenore Jason.

At right - Brutus’ paternal half brother Satelite - out of ch Benvolio’ dau Mirander  -, reportedly – ‘dog of good type, capital outlook and condition, but did not show too well.’ -; Satelite, owned by Mr Stanley F Smith of Walverden kennels Colne, got the Darlington ’33 cc under Miss E M Garland – res cc ch Hellingly Cardinal. - Jubilee Major b  ’33 [the year the OEMC celebrated her Golden Jubilee] & bred by Mr Thomas J Bone of Carnarvon Road  Huthwaite, out of  ch Arolite’ paternal half sis Batsheba sired by Satelite' paternal half brother Arovot, iow linebred to ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ son Sadberge Duke. Mrs Dora MacDougall’  husband was Sheffield master printer Mr Allan Bower Dutton MacDougall. Gorse Hall was once gifted by the Queen to Sir Walter Raleigh – aristocrat, writer, poet, soldier, courtier, spy & famous explorer, also well known for popularising tobacco. Gorse Hall is reputed to haunted by a pipe smoking ghost that fills the house with the smell of tobacco smoke...

At left dd  Oct ’29 - 'Miss Beatrice Harrison,  the celebrated British cellist, is a young lady with a personality. Among her many pets are two baby alligators given to her during her last visit to America. Happily, it takes alligators a long time to grow up. Miss is very proud of her cello, for it is a Peter Guarnerius, and the only made. It cost 2000 guineas.’ -  Dd July '33 - 'Nobody can say the BBC lacks enterprise or originality. This week there was a wireless broadcast, actually from Broadcasting House, by selected Zoo stars. Miss Beatrice' famous Oxted nightingales were, I fancy, the pioneers of the Zoo whoopee. One day the Regent Park' artistes attended, under strong escort, the Broadcasting House for a full dress rehearsal. The concert party included a python, an alligator, a monkey, a cockatoo, and a mynah. The cockatoo, a sixty-year-old ruffian, christened Henry, and the mynah are gifted elocutionists.’ -  Dd Jan '38 - 'Miss Beatrice Harrison, famous cellist living at Oxted,  keeps live alligators swimming about in a bath in her dining-room; in summer they repose on the trunk of a tree.’Centre - Miss Beatrice Harrison in companionship of Miss  Margaret Harrison’ Goldhawk Bess , Mr Robert Bryson’ Wooler Boadicea [Cleveland Chancellor’ dau Goldhawh Phoebe ex Poor Joe’ grandson Brindle Boy]  & a male specimen called ‘Drake’  owned  [& bred ?] by Mrs Norah Dickin, arguably related to Miss Ianthe Bell’ ch Uther Penarvon who sired or grandsired all seven KCSB registered litters  bred by Mrs Dickin during the 1930ties.

At right - dd Oct ’30 – ‘Mrs John Evans, the well-known Mastiff breeder, has recently purchased a young Dandie Dimmont bitch from the Darenth Kennels, and is starting the Dandie breed in Jersey.’ - Dandie Dimmont breeder the Hon Mrs S McDonnell, of the Clock House Darenth - Kent, was the daughter of the well-known dramatist Mr Henry Arthur Jones, and m in '13  Colonel the Hon Angus McDonnell C B - C M G, brother of the Earl of Antrim. Photograph dd Nov ’24.

At left dd May - 29 Miss James and her handsome ‘Great Dane’ - sic - at the Ladies Kennel Association Show Olympia London; – Centre & at right – definitely photographs featuring Great Danes, so NOT Mastiffs; the vice versa option happened with the left picture depicting a broad square skull, with ears lying flat to cheeks, iow characteristics obviously referring to the Mastiff breed. Quite sure Miss Janes entered at the LKA Olympia Show '29 NOT the Great Dane but Mastiff Classes judged by Mr Guy Percival Greenwood - cc ch Bulger, res ch Havengore Bill, 3rd ch Woden - cc ch Wantley Joy, res ch Helga, 3rd Cleveland Chancellor' dau Benton Joan.

Dd Feb ’30 re Crufts judging by Major Harding Cox – cc ch Hellingly Joseph b Sept ‘25, res cc ch Westcroft Blaise’ grandson Benton Stephen b Feb ‘29, 3rd ch Westcroft Blaise’ brother ch Bulger b Feb ’24 – bitch cc ch Ileden Volo’ dam ch Hellingly Honor, res cc ch Dervot Dawn, 3rd ch Hellingly Ajax’ dam Lumbering Sheila by ch Westcroft Blaise. - At right – res cc Benton Stephen’ sire Benton Adonis cc winner at Richmond ’28 cc under Mr J J Holgate – res cc  Mr W H Calcott’ King Agrippa, 3rd Miss Bell’ ch Woden -.

Mr Percy Barritt b '91, shoe store manager of 95 Nab lane Mirfield Yorks, owned the Mirfield kennels, a/o Mirfield Duchess b ‘22 & bred by Mr Norman Haigh – Ashenhurst Duchess ex her paternal nephew ch Ashenhurst Cedric -, who got the  Edinburgh ’25 cc under Mrs W J M Atkin - res cc ch Westcroft Blaise' sis Kim Thundercloud Thunderer - Mirfield Marksman b ’28 out of Sherwood Floss unr ex Blenheim Pride, the latter out of Peerless ex Kirkwithe Pride –  his Marksman grandsired US export Broomcourt Nell. Pridzor Bull-Mastiff breeder Mr Victor John aka Vic Smith b '00, master baker of 29 Westcroft street Droitwich Worcester, purchased King Agrippa, after his master Mr W H Calcott’ death late ‘29; Mr Wm Alfred Vannam-Smith ’89-41, of Mildmay House Middleton road Banbury, owned the Hardingham Boarding kennels, the Dog’ Hospital and the Suntrap Lido, a swimming pool – ‘where as many sunbathed as took to the water' -; his sign board ch Westcroft Blaise got seven cc’s, but – reportedly – ‘at the height of its fame, he went blind and on the day he received an exceptional offer from America, the champion had to be destroyed.’- Mr Vannam was a top-level judge of Alsatians. - Mrs Beacon, devil’ print for Mrs Beacom née Harbur, renowned for having bred the brindle ch Bricket Hood owned by Mrs E Ravenscroft, and his younger brother the fawn ch Master Beowulf, the latter ch Havengore Bill’ sire.

At left dd May ’29 - ch Michael’ dam Garlinge Lady Jane by ch Westcroft Blaise;  - centre – dd 29 Sept ’30; - at right dd  Feb ’32 - ch Cleveland Ponorogo b May ’29 bred by Mr Herbert Cook – ch King Baldur’ dau Princess Bunty ex ch Woden’ son Cleveland Comedian – double Crufts ’32/33 cc winner under Mr Wm Hunter Johnston res cc Miss Bell’ brindle ch Lady Turk – and under Mr G P Greenwood – res cc ch Lady Turk -; she also got the res cc at Birmingham ‘31 under Mr G P Greenwood, and  cc’s at Richmond ’32 under Mr Herbert Cook – res cc ch Ileden Volo -, & at Darlington  ’32 under Mr J G Joice – res cc ch Lady Turk – Ponoroggo’ maternal half sis Hellingly Queen Bess produced the Hellingly ch’s Cardinal and Marksman.

At left - Advert dd Feb ’32 - Weirdwood Beau Geste b ’27 & bred by Mr Louis Saveria out of ch Superbus’ sis Lady Pat sired by ch Westcroft Blaise, was sibling of Mr/Mrs Baggaley’ Dervot Dawn – Beau Geste was described as – ‘a big typical dog, very active and sound in movement, splendid showman.’ - ; ch Cleveland Ponoroggo b 29 & bred by Mr Herbert Cook – ch King Baldur’ dau Princess Bunty sired by ch Woden’ son Cleveland Comedian -; Cleveland Comedian well-known for having sired a litter out of ch Hellingly Ajax’ sis H- Arethrusa containg three champions, ie Broomcourt Comedienne, Broomcourt Black Mask & Cleveland Hugo, and thereby Broomcourt Tess, dam of double Crufts winner ch Broomcourt Romeo. – At right – Obituary of Mastiff breeder Mr Benjamin Bennett b ’89-39.

Warwick Show April ’87 - The Stock Keeper' report - Mr J Lampitt’ Lionel b ’82 & bred by Mrs Carslake out of ch Cardinal’ brindle dau Zulu Empress sired by ch Crown Prince’ son Fidelis; Mr J Hutchings’ own-bred Admiral b ’84 out of ch Pontiff’ niece Dulce sired by ch Crown Prince’ brother Prince Charlie; Rev Henry Van Doorne’ own-bred Wodan b ’86 out of Cedric The Saxon’ dau Gytha II sired by ch Beaufort; Mr H H Simpson’ Halifax Nero b ’83 out of Mr Garsed’ Juno sired by Mr Taylor’ Lion – pedigrees unknown; - bitches – ch Beaufort’ sis The Lady Beatrix b ’84 ; Wodan’ sis Mr CC Rice’ Frigga b ’86 bred by Rev Van Doorne; Edda b ’86 bred by Rev van Doorne – Cedric The Saxon’ dau Wunna ex ch Hotspur or ch Orlando; ch Lord Stafford’ dam Vistala b ’84 Queen ex ch Crown Prince’ son ch Montgomery; Mr Cook’ own-bred Ilford Coroner b ’86 bred  out of ch Colonel’ grand-dau Idalia sired by ch Orlando -.

Article dd April ’72 by Idstone, pen name of Reverend Thomas Pearce ’20-85 - portrait at right -, one of the earliest dog judges. His interests were writing, breeding champion setters, shooting snipe, and collecting birds. He authored many canine articles, a/o  ‘Breeding for looks, not function, threatens dogs’ well-being' - a quite avant-garde quote - 'Purebreds represent neither dogs’ past nor their future. As geneticist Mr Richard Dawkins tells us, genes are nearly ‘immortal’. So those of purebreds are no older than those of mongrels. A dog’ true connection with the past lies in his character and abilities, not his genes. For millennia, dogs were defined by the jobs they did, and crossbred to ensure they would continue to perform them well. When the rural people who created these jobs disappear, dogs lose this past, and attempts to freeze their shapes in time through inbreeding do not preserve it. They merely rob dogs of a future. Purebreds can be saved only by opening their stud books. Just as the meek shall inherit the Eart , so lowly mixed breeds represent the future of dogs.' - 146 years later, discussions about 'opening stud books' seem to become in full swing.

Illustration dd Nov ‘76 featuring Mr Frederick Banbury’ ch Wolsey b '73 bred by Mr Edgar Hanbury out of Mr Lindoes Druid’ dau ch Queen sired by Griffin' son ch Rajah; ch Wolsey was Best Mastiff at Birmingham ’75; in ‘76 at Crystal Palace Best brindle, and 1st prizes at Brighton, Bristol & Birmingham incl cup; in '77 champion prizes at Agricultural Hall & Alexandra Palace. Ch Wolsey was ch Pontiff paternal half brother, ch Beau’ paternal uncle and grandsired Mr W K Taunton’ brindle ch Cardinal.

Dd June ’77 – Amongst the then exhibitors at Tavistock Agricultural Show - Devon - arguably Mr Harry de Spencer Kingdon, and the solicitor Mr James Hutchings, of Exeter kennels, who bred his first two KCSB registered Mastiff litters in ’75 both sired by his Brindled Pluto bred by the Wynnes – Druid’ dau Brenda ex ch King’ Monarch out of Storm -, 1) out of Mr Lipscombes Cromwell’ dau Storm resulting in Vulcan, and 2) out of Paris’ dau Diona producing Niger.  Cromwell out of Pemberton Wolf' sis Jenny ex Mr Lukey’ Governor.

Cromwell’ owner was arguably Mr Robert Hartley Lipscombe ‘33, of Sion House East Budleigh Devon who died in ’92 at Funchal – Madeira. He was for 27 years land agent & steward of the Honourable Mark George Kerr Rolle ’35-07  of Stevenstone St Giles in the Wood, High Sheriff of Devon in ’64, a DL of Devon and High Steward of Barnstaple. Another Devon Mastiff fancier was Mr William Radford Bryden, architect of Westward Ho - North Devon, who owned Nellie - b ’75 & bred by Mr William Arthur Stillwell b ’46-19,  brewer of Elmer’ End Beckenham out of Juno  - Alp ex Barry – sired by Major – Jura ex Leo – seemingly stock related to Mr Henry de Spencer Kingdon.

At left – Article dd March ’78. – At right – 1) Empress b ’67 – Nichols Quaker’ dau Duchess ex Sultan, reportedly of the Lyme breed - purchased in ’70 by Miss Elizabeth Ann Aglionby from her breeder Mr C R Martorell of 15 Castle street Liverpool; Empress’ sis Marguerite was grand-dam of Mr Octavius Green’ ch Monarch -  2) ch Turk’ brother Wolf b ’67 bred/owned by Miss Aglionby – Nichols Quaker’ dau Hilda ex Mr Fields ch King -; Wolf mated to Druid’ daughter Una, produced Mrs Rawlinson’ Hector & Mr J L Dickinson’ ch Briton. Wolf, winner of eighteen 1st prizes, and Empress were perhaps two of the best Mastiffs she ever owned. Quote – ‘In ’73 Miss Aglionby went to Blackpool taking Wolf, her constant companion, with her. He was there seized with jaundice – ed – arguably due to liver inflammation -, and died after a week’ illness, in spite of the  best veterinary skill and most careful nursing.’ -

At left – Two articles dd January 12th '82 – Taurus II b Nov '77 & bred by Mr J D Wilde out of Lion' dau Juno ex Mr Elwell' ch Taurus - the Wynnes purchased Taurus II from Mr W J Sturgess of Longton Staffs in ‘80;  the Wynnes’ own-bred Dreadmought b ‘75 out of Nelson' dau Branch ex Tiger; Bardon Queen b '77 bred by Mr J A Bindley of Burton-on-Trent out of Anlaf' dau Bardona ex the Wynnes' Young King – Afterwards Mr M B Wynne bred yet one KCSB reg litter, ie dd July ‘86 out of Mungo’ dau Phoenix ex ch Beaufort resulting in Mr J S Hopkins' Terror .

At right -  Photo compilation published in Mr Henry Webb' Dogs, Their Points, Pecularities, Instincts & Whims dd '73. No  22 shows the Wynnes' favourite Mr Field' ch King,  to be considered as the cornerstone of their linebreeding practices.At right - No  22 shows the Wynnes' favourite Mr Field' ch King,  to be considered as the cornerstone of their linebreeding practices, No 19 ch King' son ch Turk No 21 Mr Green' ch Monarch, No  23 ch King' son  Monarch bred by the Wynnes,  No 24 Mr Lindoe' Druid aka Hero  sired by Mr Lukey' Wallace, and No 26 Mr H de Spencer Kingdon' Alp reportedly of the Lyme breed.   

Mr Lindoe' Druid aka Hero (below at right in the tableau) being of particular interest as, mated to the Wynnes ch King' dau Brenda,   having sired Druidess, the latter owned by Mr Edwin Nichols who mated her to  ch Punch' brother Big Ben which produced Miss Aglionby' Lottie, the latter dam of Ida, on her turn grand-dam of Dr J S Turner The Lady Rowena who, mated to ch Crown Prince, gave four litters incl  five champions, a/o ch Beaufort' dam The Lady Isabel, Orlando & Hotspur.

First row - Article dd April '85. Second row - Article dd Sept ’89 about Mastiffs and Bostonians. - Some years later Dr Charles Albert Lougest '39-07 - actually he was a herbalist, so not an certified MD -, emigrated from Liverpool to Mount Vernon Boston. He owned a/o ch Holland’ Black Boy’ brother, the blind Black Peter, and Maggie Murphy bred by Mr WN Higgs out of ch Beaufort’ daughter Coombe Biddy sired by ch Constable’ son Dick Constable.

At left –Postcard featuring St Thomas Church off Alphington village. At right - Portrait of Mr Hutchings' foundation stud Brindled Pluto b '73 bred by the Wynnes - Mr Lindoes Druid' dau Brenda ex ch King' son Monarch -.  Below - Article  dd Sept ‘86 about James Hutchings  of Exeter '53-02   - solicitor & insurance agent. - – His arguably most famous Mastiff was Admiral b July '84 - † June  ‘89 - see insert –  – who got the Devon’ champion prize '89 under Mastiff breeder Mr Edwin Nichols. - ‘The visitors to Devon Dog Show at Exeter June ‘89 numbered 450 first day, 960 second day, and over 1,000 yesterday. Three days was a rather trying time for the animals to be on exhibition, especially in such hot weather. Mr James Hutchings (Exeter) has unfortunately lost his magnificent challenge Mastiff Admiral, valued at £100. It took 1st prize, and also the Mayor' challenge cup against all the 1st prize winners. On Thursday afternoon he was walked round the ring for Lady Nethercote to see, and two hours later he died. His death is attributed to sunstroke.’ -

Admiral' dam Dulce was out of Nydia ex ch Pontiff' brother Gwalior; Nydia out of his Niger' dau  Calypso sired by  Mr Octavius Greens ch Monarch' son ch Nero owned by Mr Mark Beaufoy. His kennels in Water lane numbered by ‘89 over fifty Mastiffs, exclusive of young puppies and litters, and, reportedly, it was claimed that - 'he has done much to remove from the Mastiff the reproach of bad action under which the modern-bred dogs have laboured.' -

At left – The judge Mr Fred Bowles and ch Wythybush Aethelred b Jan ’55 – OEMC Wolsey’ dau W- Dusky Lady ex Weyacres Lincoln – The 13m old Aethelred was Crufts ’56 cc winner under Mr John Illingworth, and  became the year’ top-notch Mastiff getting the four next cc’s in a row - according to Mr Douglas Oliff - 'Aethelred inherited his sire' reliable temperament, but both dogs in my opinion (and I watched them from the ringside on many occasions) lacked a decisive hind action. The same applied to Lincoln' other son Wythybush Crispin.' - Centre – Wythybush Crispin’ brother W- Checkmate b Feb ’56 – Mansatta Jumbo’ dau ch Wythybush Bess ex Weyacres Lincoln -. At right – Wythybush Malvina b June ’58 – ch Wythybush Aethelred’ dau ch Wythybush Fausta ex Weyacres Lincoln. Miss Ianthe Joan de Hougham Bell died 30th November ’60 aged 61.

Quote from Mrs Baxter’ book – ‘Miss Bell left her Mastiffs to her friend of many years, Miss Phylidda Blackstone with strict restrictions that all over the age of 18 months – ed born before 30th May ’59 - were to be put down.',  based upon Miss Bell' personal belief that - 'older dogs don't settle in homes if they had been previously housed in kennels.' - At the time of her death there were twenty-two dogs and bitches in the kennels, fourteen of which were over the age of eighteen months, incl the  above three pictured ones. Survivors were the brindle W- Superbus, W- Etta and one other bitch; one other bitch, Crispin’ sis Clarissa , who was nursing a litter - a/o W- Viola - was spared and found a pet home.  Wythybush Viola was purchased by Zilgul breeder Mrs Curzon who mated her to Mrs Monostori' stud ch Havengore Balint, producing Frideswide Oliver' & F- Nicolette' dam Zilgul Brigid, who later on, together with Wythybush Superbus' dau Copenore Catherine, became the foundation of Mrs Ann Davies' Nantymynydd kennels.

Article dd June ’00 – Messrs Arthur W Lucas and Robert Leadbetter were some of the then few fanciers making efforts to boom that grand old English breed the Mastiff.  Mr A W Lucas’ Invicta - by Tom Bowling - won that year’ Crufts cc whereas ch Marksman, purchased by Mr Leadbetter early ‘00, got the cc’s at the other main shows Crystal Palace & Birmingham. In a short period of time Mr Leadbetter bought a substantial number of Mastiffs, a/o the Dutch bred maternal half brothers ch Holland' Black Boy b '95 and Black Antony b ’97 – out of ch Montgomery' grand-dau Maid of the Wye aka Eldees Selina, resp sired by Tom Bowling' son Jonathan and ch Ogilvie' son ch Mark Antony -, ch Marcella b ’96 – Honeysuckle ex ch Mark Antony -, ch Elgiva b ’95  - Lady Lena ex Ethelred -,  ch Clarice b ’98 – Cynesca ex ch Marcella’ brother The Cadet - Lady Georgina b ’99 – Diane unr ex Beaufort unr -, Lyndhurst Rose b ’01, ch Peter Piper’ grand-dau Lady Valentine b ’00, Lady Winifred b  ’02 – Lady Argyle ex Duke of Fife -, Prince Sonderburg b ’03 – Nell unr ex Invicta' brother Mellnotte -, My Molly 1st Limit winner Crufts ’01 – Second Beauty ex ch Jack Thyr’ son ch Ilford County Member -, and the unr ones  Mother Goose & Widmere Ganie.  - At right – possibly a Hazlemere trio incl ch Mark Antony' paternal great-grandson ch Hazlemere Ronald b ‘04.

At left – A story published in the Fanciers Gazette dd January ’81 about a Mastiff called 'Vera' written by by the Belgian Rev Henry Van Doorne ’41-14 who bred Mastiffs from ’85 until ‘91, a/o ch Frigga, ch Beaufort Black Prince' dam Gerda, and ch Jack Thyr. – At right - Part of a tableau of dog breeds published in Harpers Weekly dd ‘84 depicting under No 15 the Mastiff.

At left – Article dd Feb '07 about William Shakespeare 1564-16 written by Rev M B Wynne ‘52-09. – At right – The Bankside Southwark in Shakespeare' Day showing the Bear Garden. Shakespeare alludes to bear-baiting in Macbeth - ‘But, bear-like, I must fight the course’. - Wiki quote - 'In Elizabethan England – ed 1558-03 -, during the times when plays were not completely outlawed, going to the theatre was the favourite activity of the masses, and the upper classes engaged in tournaments of fencing and hunted for sport. All classes seemed to delight in the vicious form of entertainment known as bear-baiting, but it was without doubt Queen Elizabeth' favourite pastime: Elizabeth took especial delight in seeing the courage of her English Mastiffs pitted against the cunning of Ursa and the strength of Taurus. On the 25th of May 1559, the French ambassadors - 'were brought to court with music to dinner, and after a splendid dinner, were entertained with the baiting of bears and bulls with English dogs. The queen' grace herself, and the ambassadors, stood in the gallery looking on the pastime till six at night.' - The diplomatists were so gratified, that her majesty never failed to provide a similar show for any foreign visitors she wished to honour. Much as the royal patron of Shakespeare and Burbage was inclined to favour the players, she waxed indignant when the attractions of the bear garden paled before those of the theatre; and in 1591 an order issued from the privy-council forbidding plays to be acted on Thursdays, because bear-baiting and such pastimes had usually been practised on that day. This order was followed by an injunction from the lord mayor to the same effect, in which his lordship complained, ' that in divers places, the players do use to recite their plays to the great hurt and destruction of the game of bear-baiting, and such-like pastimes, which are maintained for her majesty' pleasure.'  -

Dd May '09 - From an English Folk Tale ‘More faithful than favoured’ about Leo the great big-limbed and heavy-headed Mastiff that guarded Sir Harry Lee’ Manor-house at Ditchley Oxfords. – Quote – ‘The Ditchley estate was bought by Sir Henry Lee in 1580 when he was made the Ranger of the Wychwood Forest, the royal hunting forest based round the hunting-lodge at Woodstock. Elizabeth I visited him at Ditchley in 1592, after he had an alliance with one of her Ladies-in-Waiting without her permission. Annoyed at this, so the story goes, the Queen stayed rather longer than she might otherwise have done, putting her host to considerable extra expense.  The visit is commemorated in a painting by Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger, ‘The Ditchley Elizabeth’, which shows Elizabeth with her foot on Oxfordshire and her toe on Ditchley.' -

The year 1912 reveals some signs the Mastiff breed seems to  regain a bit of its former popularity amongst dog fanciers, as p ex the American  Mr Morris Kinney, of Kinnelon kennels - Butler NJ who purchased at Manchester, March '12, ch British Monarch b '09 bred by Mr Robert J Burch, owner of Tom Bowling' son Mellnotte and breeder of  the important stud ch King Baldur b ‘17. Mr Burch lived at 1 Florence-villas Sonderburg road Holloway London, ca half a mile away from the Holloway Theatre - see centre -, where dd April ’12, coincidence or not, prize Mastiff actor Tiger displayed intelligence and was quite at home, having performed in several other theatres and music halls too.  The Mastiff Tiger was  owned by Miss Dolly Bishop - actress name Doris Delemere -.

Article dd April '24 - Mr Robert McDougal’ Leetside Glad Eye b ‘20 bred by Mr Fred Jackson of Marton Middlesbrough – Heatherville Duke' dau Gascoigne Queen ex Adamite - got in ’23 the Edinburgh cc under Our Dogs’ editor Mr Theophilus Marples - res Glad Eye’ sire Adamite -, and the Darlington cc under Mis Cecile M Garland - res Glad Eye’ paternal half brother MacDuff bred by Cleveland breeder Mr George Cook, of Marton Middlesbrough, who bred Glad Eye' dam Gascoigne Queen as well. – Above at right - Heatherville Duke b ’10 bred/owned by Mr George Cook - Salisbury’ dau Oscott Shielah ex Mr George Cook' brindle ch Felix -; below - Heatherville Duke’ maternal grandson Leetside Glad Eye whose elder brother ch Weland sired Brunhilde, great-granddam of ch Hellingly Ajax and ch Cinque Ports Michael, before exported to the Canadian fancier Mr C W Dickinson from Wingfield kennels.

At left dd Sept ’32 - Michael b Feb ’30 - ch Westcroft Blaise' dau Garlinge Lady Jane ex ch Ashenhurst Cedric' son Goldhawk Imperator - and Mrs Frances Samuelson. - Centre - Article dd Oct ’32. - At right - Her husband Captain Guy Weston Samuelson’ uncle Mr Henry Bernard Samuelson  b '45-37 2nd Baronet Samuelson, of Berwick House Yeovil  Somerset, Member of Parliament representing the Borough of Cheltenham, and later on of Frome. He was the eldest son of the founder and chairman of Sir Bernard Samuelson and Co, of Middlesbrough’ Newport & Britannia Ironworks.

Our Dogs’ Mems dd Oct ’32 – letter by Captain Guy West Samuelson b ’90-73 of Lympne, husband of Mrs Frances Samuelson. The couple may have been befriended with the Olivers of Winkenhurst Hellingly – ca 50 mls W of Lympne - as Guy P Samuelson was dd ’14 in the same  Regiment – ie the 4th Battalion Yorkshire Regiment – as Arthur Cecil Proctor de la Poer-Peirse b ‘90 whose father the Reverend Windham de la Poer Beresford-Peirse MA was Rector at Bedale between ‘99-31 whereas  the Reverend’ older brother Sir Henry Monson de la Poer Beresford-Peirse Bt lived at Bedale Hall Yorks where the Olivers took up residence in ’33.

Obituary dd April ’32 re Captain Robert Humphrey Griffith Thomas, breeder of Menai Mastiffs.  -  Wiki quote - 'The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse is a 1921 American silent epic war film produced by Metro Pictures Corporation and directed by Rex Ingram. Based on the Spanish novel The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, it was adapted for the screen by June Mathis. The film stars Pomeroy Cannon, Josef Swickard, Bridgetta Clark, Rudolph Valentino, Wallace Beery, and Alice Terry.

Often regarded as one of the first true anti-war films, it had a huge cultural impact and became the top-grossing film of 1921, beating out Charlie Chaplin' The Kid. The film turned then-little-known actor Rudolph Valentino into a superstar and associated him with the image of the Latin Lover. The film also inspired a tango craze and such fashion fads as gaucho pants. The film was masterminded by Ms June Mathis, who, with its success, became one of the most powerful women in Hollywood at the time. In 1995, The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being ‘culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant’. -

At left - An ear-cropped short-tailed Spanish Bulldog - photograph arguably ca early 1870s - male specimens were ca 90 lbs vs height 22i. - At right - Article dd March ’35 about the strain of Lt-Col Zaccheus Walker jr whose 1st show Mastiff  might have been 'Victor' which got a HC at the Stratford-on-Avon Dog & Poultry Show Oct ‘80 - 1st & special presented by the Right Hon Lord Willoughby de Broke awarded to the brindle Vulcan b ’74 bred by Mr J Lampitt -  Mr Harry de Spencer Kingdon Barry’ dau Bess ex Mr Hanbury’ ch Rajah - owned by Mr Henry C Joplin b '60 of Grasmere Park Huyton Liverpool – the son of Mr Henry Joplin of ‘Joplin' Brewery Co’ - and owner of many public houses, 2nd prize Sir Anthony – Devonshire Cleopatra ex Brindled Pluto’ son Niger - owned by Mr James Hutchings of St David' Exeter.

The article is signed 'Caractacus', once the nom de plume of Fanciers Gazette’ contributor Edward Sandell Jr b '41 who died in 1881, half a century before this particular article dd ’35, and there’s, so far as known, no single other breed reference regarding a Mastiff vs Spanish Bulldog cross in the 1870s/early 1880s done, bye the bye, by a noble unknown ‘Captain Pickersgill’, perhaps a distortion of Captain PIddoCKE whose 1st KCSB reg litter suits the time frame, ie dd Dec '79  - sired by the Wynnes' Young King out of the pedigreeless  brood Leah, the latter perhaps the one carrying Spanish blood; this litter contained Captain Piddocke' Ajax and perhaps also Lt-Col Walker jr' 1st show Mastiff Victor but he never sired a KCSB reg litter bred by the Colonel. The reference to bitches with a crook or crank in their tail    suits Captain Piddocke' strain as well, especially some of those  carrying   the Captains ch Ogilvie' blood.

Alfsten, the last of the Mastiffs, one of the novels authored by ‘Albert Vegee‘ and publ dd 1938 . An advert says – ‘Shading some books is just pastime; often a waste of time. Others add permanently to your joy and knowledge of life. Such a book is ‘Alfsten’. -

Centre - Article dd May '90 about Brahma KCSB 17995, originally named Lionel b Nov ‘83 was bred by Mr Francis Leigh Carslake, a brick & tile merchant of Greenfield House Bridgwater, - out of the brindle Zulu Empress sired by his ownbred Fidelis (ch Ilford Baroness ex CP) -. The, reportedly, 'toy-faced' Zulu Empress  was formerly owned by Dr Forbes Winslow but bred by WK Taunton - out of Thekla sired by ch Cardinal -.  The Crystal Palace show ’80 report mentioned ~ ‘Amongst the bitch puppies we were much pleased with Zulu Empress; she is far better, in our opinion, than Laura. ‘ – The latter was purchased by Dr J S Turner who renamed her The Lady Rowena and she produced five champions out of four litters, all sired by ch Crown Prince.

Lionel became owned by Mr John Lampitt ‘12-87, of The Vulcan Foundry Neithrop Banbury est ‘37 - agricultural implements and milling equipment. – Mr Lampitt bred in ’74 Mr Henry C Joplin' brindle prize winner Vulcan -  Mr Harry de Spencer Kingdons Barry’ dau Bess ex Mr Hanbury' ch Rajah -. - Lionel got in ‘85 a 2nd prize open class at Warwick beaten by Mark Beaufoy’ Prussian Prince - The Lady Rowena’ dam Negress ex ch Crown Prince - whereas Mr E Hanbury’ ch Pontiff got the challenge award. In 1886 Lionel got 1st prize open class at Warwick, the challenge prize was given to TW Allen’ ch Montgomery; in '87 he also was awarded 1st prize open class at Warwick where ch Beaufort got the challenge prize.

Dd July ’87 - 'Mr Lampitt, Mr H Bullock, and an engineering pupil at the foundry, had gone to Edgehill, and when just inside the gate at the Round House Mr Lampitt fell down and immediately expired. Deceased was about seventy-five years of age, was well known in the neighbourhood, and much respected.' After Mr Lampitt’ death Lionel was purchased by Mr Joseph Evans of Salisbury Court London who renamed him ‘Brahma’. He got in ‘88 three first prizes [Ryde , Southhampton & Dover] and the challenge at Brighton beating  champion Beaufort’ son Wodan [bred & owned by Rev Henry Van Doorne] , ch Montgomery’ son Duke Rollo [bred by JW Allen] & champion Count Orlando [bred by OEMC Secretary Richard Cook of Ilford kennels].   Then Brahma came into  the hands of Mr Geo W Alcock, of Carlton House 21 Kimberley street Attercliffe nr Sheffield, breeder of several litters and owner of a/o ch Count Orlando b '86 & bred by Ilford breeder Mr Richard Cook - ch Colonel' grand-dau Idalia ex ch Orlando -.

Bath Dog Show dd May ‘14 - prize winning Mastiff Northstoke Victoria owned by Mr Algernon Claude Barnett b '89 of North Stoke near Bath Somerset. He was a director of the Bath Investment Society - counting two thousand members - with premises in High street Bath, founded in ’05 by his father Mr Rowland Frank Barnett ’58-34 of Tyneville House 25 Newbridge road Lower Weston Bath, who was secretary of the business up to the time of his death. Algernon' father was as a young man connected with the Bath & Portland Stone Firms, and subsequently was in the offices of Messrs Norris, the cabinet makers. 

Low-set Victoria ‘perhaps' coming from the then largest Mastiff kennel in England, namely the Cleveland kennel of Mr George Cook of Marton Middlesbrough – Brindle Prince, probably devil' print for Mr A W Lucas' own-bred Brindled Prince b '09 - Melnotte' dau Oscott Norah ex Invicta' grandson Mr W K Tauntons Murdered Monarch -, renowned for having sired ch Lidgett Viscount whose sis Leoneha became grand-dam to Am ch Beowulf.  - Centre - Article dd July '11.   There's no further mention of Mr A C Barnett connected with the Mastiff breed.

Mr Barnett m in ’11 Miss Emily Jane Lamprey and became Second Lieutenant 4th Battalion, The Duke of Edinburgh' (Wiltshire Regiment) dd May ’15.– In later years he moved to London - 33 Grosvenor Crescent Mews Hyde Park Corner - and was dd '36 'Riding School proprietor', residing at 19 Priory road Cheam nr Sutton – Surrey, where he died in ’68.

Centre - Article dd March ‘87 illustrating the versatility of Mr M B Wynne '52-09. -  Wildfowler's Shooting Times and Kennel News, the publication' original title, was first published at 230 Goswell road Islington London in Sept ‘82 and has not missed a single edition since. Mr Lewis Clement b ‘44 – pseudonym Wildfowler -, for so long the well-known reporter-in-chief to the Field - est '53, was the first editor of Shooting Times. - At right - Drawings by Mr Walter James Allen - 'The diner out, who grumbles when the waiter brings the bill. Although from off  the very best, he's had a heart fill.’ And - 'The legal dog who chargeth six-and-eight, and calls it fair.' -

Our Dogs’ Mastiff Mems dd Dec ’32 – Reply of Broomcourt breeder Mr Ben Bennett '89-39 on remarks of Mr Sam Crabtree, younger brother of the Mastiff breeder Mr Luke Crabtree; Mr Sam Crabtree’ cc awards around that time – ’29 ch Hellingly Joseph & ch Menai Yosemite; ’30 ch Hellingly Joseph & Benton Joan; ’33 ch Hellingly Ajax & ch Arolite’ sis Hellingly Rowena;  ’34 ch Hellingly Marksman & ch Broomcourt Comediene; ’35 Comedienne’ brother ch Broomcourt Black Mask & ch Hellingly Patricia.

Second row - The very last Broomcourt litter -  five pups born Aug '37 descending from  four grandparents whom all were sired by ch Woden' son Cleveland Comedian out of ch King Baldur' dau Hardingham Lady Denise, namely out of Broomcourt Revival  - ch Broomcourt Comedienne ex her brother Cleveland Hugo - ex  the brindle Broomcourt Jem - ch Broomcourt Comedienne ex   her paternal half brother Broomcourt Prince Boris -, amongst the pups were 1) Mr John Illingworth' Broomcourt John - Manchester '39 cc under Mr Sam Crabtree & Harrogate '39 cc under Mr Sam Warburton -, 2) Miss Ianthe Bell'  Broomcourt Beauty - Crufts '39 cc winner under Cleveland breeder Mr Herbert Cook and 2 res cc's -, and 3) Mrs Lucy Scheerboom' Broomcourt Supremacy - Windsor '39 res cc at  Windsor under Mr J Illingworth - cc Mr Bowles ch Petronella.   More about  Mr Bennett' kennelman Mr James Genner in Miscell Six.

The first MCOA President  FJA Beier – see at left dd Dec ’29 - of Buffalo NY. In The History & Management of the Mastiff, the American breed historian Mrs Patricia Hoffman mentions ‘FJA Beier’ several times - ‘A brindle bitch Beomarie, again a ch Beowulf-Mary breeding, went to FJ Beier in ‘22’– ‘FJ Beier acquired the brindle Hereward The Wake 399.158 from Dickinson in ‘24’‘Of the old guard there remained in ‘29 only FJA Beier of Williamsville NY’ – ‘FJ Beier , a long-time fancier, imported four dogs in ‘30 – the only Canadian bred Mastiff was Wingfield Eanfleda by then seven years old while the three English imports were Thor des Isles, Cleveland Chancellor’ son Goldhawk Buster & ch Westcroft Blaise’ son Warrior. FJA Beier bred a litter out of (Wingfield) Betty sired by Thor des Isles and their offspring are behind several prominent early-American strains .

The AKC Stud Book of 1890 mentions FJA Beier of Buffalo NY as the owner of  the fawn ‘Merion B’ 17,309 b July 21 ‘88 & bred by Henry Hoppin of Merion – Pa  by Canute, out of Leona IV, by Grip II out of Leona III , by Gurth out of Leona II; Grip II, by Grip, out of Juno; Canute, by Dread out of Dudley' Belle, by Dudley' Sultan out of his Fury; Dread, by Prince Charlie out of Dorothy - Bench Show  1st prize Buffalo  ‘90. The pedigree of Mr Beier' Merion may not make much sense were it not that his paternal grandsire 'Dread' was bred by  Mr J Berry dd May '83 out of ch Cambrian Princess' & ch His Majesty King Canute' sis Dorothy - ch Punch grand-dau Modesty ex ch Beau - sired by ch Crown Prince' brother Prince Charlie, the latter owned by Mr Hutchings, solicitor and owner of arguably the largest Mastiff kennels during the 1880s.

Looking after his roots  Forest Lawn Cemetery - Buffalo Erie County NY may give an outcome. There are buried several Beiers – all off plot section 8  -, ie Fred J A Beier  May 27 ‘68 – August 30 ‘36 married  Florence House ‘68-‘55, son to Friedrich Leberecht Beier ‘36-‘07 (who married  in ’59 Sarah E Brush or Brow 1838-1926), Louis A Beier ‘73-‘95  & Georgie W Beier ‘76-‘47. His father Fred Leberecht Beier was son to Bernhard Heinrich Beier & Friederike Catharina Maria Brockmeyer; other children of Fred Leberecht B- were Margaret b ‘59 (probably married to Mr FM Possell of Cortland Wagon Co – 180 mls E of Buffalo), William H b ’64-19 married to Bertha Jewel Zeller ca ‘95, occupation in ‘00 coal & wood dealer ; Louis b ’73 & Georgiana b ’77. In ‘60 his father Friedrich Leberecht  is stated as a  ‘grocer’ at 1130 Main Street Buffalo – see at right. - Further info about Mr Beier under Miscellanea Six.

Article dd Jan ’23 about a/o Our Dogs’ Xmas number dd Dec '22 incl an extensive description of the Ladies Kennel Association patronised by Her Majesty Queen Alexandra – President H H Princess Helena Vicoria, Chairman The Lady Evelyn Ewart, Secretary & Show Manager  G A Desborough, and Stranger in Our Midst Captain Lionel Lawson Faudel-Phillips, the Hon Treasurer. Amongst the hundreds of adverts – full page on Mr Norman Haigh’ Ashenhurst kennels – see photograph of 1 1/2 year old ch Ashenhurst Cedric -, Miss M D Hitchings' Wantley kennels, a/o pictures of ch King Baldur and the brindle D’Urbervilles Tess – Vereton Sir Titus’ dau Beeches Bunty ex Minerva’ son Collyhurst Squire -.

At left – dd July '37 Mrs Primrose Hope-Osborne née Salt b ’15  with her 'Great Dane’ ??? - Centre - dd Nov ‘38 - Mrs Primrose Hope-Osborne  with her 'Mastiff' ??? Insert dd Feb ’33. - At right - dd Feb ’41 in the company of her dogs, definitely Bull-Mastiffs. Mrs Hope-Osborne, daughter of Major-General Harold Francis Salt, who married in India dd ’35 Major Anthony Hope-Osborne, son of the late Mr Hope-Osborne of Australia. Major Anthony Hope-Osborne b ’08, of the Queens Bays, died on 8th March ‘43, killed in action.

Article dd June ‘84. Mr Bill George' Tiger is a pure classic in early pedigreed Mastiff breeding. Tiger b ca ‘57 was bred by the Wynnes' champion Mr James Wigglesworth Tompson of Southowram nr Halifax and Tiger’ KCSB pedigree tracks back to foundation names of Mr T H V Lukey’ strain, a/o Yarrow by the Marquis of Hertford’ black Pluto, and the red smut Couchez aka Turk owned by dog dealer Mr Ben White whose butcher shop, established '19 at Kensal New Town Paddington near Jackson' Hunting Ground, was taken over by Mr Bill George in the late 1830s. Mr Geo White’ white-faced brindle dog sired Mr Lukeys Governor' great-grand-dam Nell.– Centre – Article dd April 1826. - Despite periodic dog-fight prosecutions, however, illegal canine pit battles continued after the Cruelty to Animals Act 1835 of England & Wales.

At right - A white ear-cropped Mastiff type, arguably owned or bred by one of the early dog-dealers, a/o Mr Bill George, that about sixty years before the 'Bull-Mastiff' became a recognised breed. The art work was part of the  annual exhibition of important works selected from the Royal Academy and other collections by Messrs Agnew est by Thomas Agnew in Manchester in 1817. They opened a   gallery in 1860 at London, where the firm soon established itself as one of Mayfair’ leading dealerships. Since then Agnew’s has held a pre-eminent position in the world of Old Master paintings, and was instrumental in promoting contemporary British art in the late 19th c.

At left – Polly arguably Hellingly Hannah b '29 - ch Hellingly Joseph' dau H- Hecuba ex ch Cleveland Premier – owned by  the President of the Mastiff Association Viscount Weymouth – photo Feb ’37; - centre – Brindle ch Broomcourt Marcon' fawn sis Sandy Gay Lass March '34 bred by Mr Bennett - ch Broomcourt Comedienne ex ch Hellingly Marksman  - & Crufts '35 cc winner Deleval Ascelin b Sept ‘31 - ch Woden' dau Deleval Gyda ex Mrs Dickin' Thor by Menai Comet – photo Aug ‘37.

At right – A Hellingly quartette at the stables of Bedale Hall Yorks dd Oct ’37 – From left to right – 1) ch Hellingly Beta b Oct '33 bred by Trelyon breeder Mrs Thomas – Menai Comet' dau H- Sylvia ex ch H- Cardinal, 2) Hellingly Beau b Feb '34 – Menai Anglesea’ dau Hellingly Lady Rose ex ch Hellingly Joseph -, , 3) Mark of Hellingly b Jan ’33 – ch Westcroft Blaise' dau Lumbering Sheila ex ch H- Marksman -, and 4) Dagmar b April ‘35 - Joseph’ dau H- Berenice ex ch H- Ajax' son H- Duke -; Dagmar was exported to Manthorne breeder Col Percy Hobart Titus. At Crufts Feb ‘37 – under Major Harding Cox – ch Hellingly Beta got the bitch cc, ch Hellingly Mark 3rd Open behind ch Hellingly Ajax' son Kinder Monarch & Hellingly Duke' son Ileden Gunner; the Hellingly fawns Beau & Dagmar were not placed.

From the Crufts Feb ’57 catalogue – photo dd Oct '56  of Miss Ianthe Bell' 20m old ch Wythybush Aethelred in the company of  little Philip Tibbs, grandson of the  long-term OEMC member Mrs Violet Anne Rose Wortley  née Henry, b '04 –-, who lived at Locksley Freshwater – Isle of  Wight, and owned a/o  1) Hellingly Agrippa, probably litter brother of ch Hellingly Ajax b ’29 , 2) Withybush Dusky Maiden, perhaps sis of ch W- Aethelred’ dam W- Dusky Lady b ’52 - Rodney’ daughter  W- Kathrina ex Diadem’ son Wolsey -, 3) Copenore Rosita b ’61 - W- Crispin’ daughter W- Kassia ex Copenore Jason -, 4) Farnaby Dark Lily b ’71 - Merrick’ daughter (Rhosnessey) Fatal Charm ex Farnaby Lucky Attempt -.

First row - from The Fanciers Gazette dd '74 by Caractacus, pseudonym of Mr Edward Sandell Jr.  Ch Turk was resp owned by Messrs 1) Edwin Nichols, 2)  Frank Robinson b '49, son of the wealthy London draper Mr Peter Robinson of Womersley House Hornsey, 3) Thomas Evinson Terry '48-90, of the firm ‘Terry and Austin’ - Coal Merchant & Colliery Agent residing at Shahfield  Tong nr Leeds, - and described as 'a man of independent means’,   4) Henry Stanley  Wallace, Custom House Agent & Continental Carrier of Ellerslie Elmers End Beckenham Kent, 5) Rev W J Mellor, and finally 6) Bloodhound breeder Mr  Edwin Brough '45-29. Ch Turk was, reportedly, once sold for £450. - Centre - Pencil study dd Oct '75 drawn by Mr Richard Hewitt Moore '38-10 of ch Turk b '67 bred by Miss Elizabeth Ann Aglionby - Nichols Quaker' dau Hilda ex ch King -.  At the Staffordshire Dog & Poultry Society Show dd Dec ’78, Mr Brough'  eleven year old ch Turk, reportedly winner of seventy-seven prizes,  was ‘Very Highly Commended'.

About a quarter of a century later, the same Mr Moore originated the 'correct head type' issued by the OEMC and illustrating manifold times OEMC issues in years to come. Mr Herbert Compton' Dogs of the XXth c dd 1904 page 146b shows under plate XVIII - see at right –  Mr Moore' study titled 'Mastiff. Correct Type of Head - Issued by the Old English Mastiff Club -, and by way of comparison, accompanied by a photograph of the Mastiff Wamba of the Lyme Park strain -, exemplifying, just like ch Turk, the 'houndiness’ in the early Mastiff breed.  The OEMC archivist Mr Graham Hicks, of Jilgrajon, wrote many breed articles, a/o four pages on  'Variations that puzzle' published in the OEMC magazine dd Summer 2006 and  gives his opinion, a/o - 'For guidance, the OEMC published ca 1900, a drawing by R H Moore, of the ideal head. It does not display any of the Bullmastiff characteristics, excessively undershot jaw, or the St Bernard haw. It is a head type on its own.' -  But genetically, ‘Variations that puzzle', perhaps might be one of the clues for breeding healthier stock in the future.

Article dd May ‘08 about Mr Edwin Brough ‘44-29 of Windyate,  only a few hundred yards from Scarborough' seashore - Yorks  and his Devonish friend Mr Harry de Spencer Kingdon '16-03, schoolmaster of Colyton, both favoring the 'good old British breed' exemplified by specimens such as ch Turk and Lyme Park Wamba, at the same time decrying the breed development during next decades.   -

In an article ‘Biology Simplified’ dd July ’48 Mr Croxton Smith champions Mr Ralph Bodkin Kelley 1890-70 of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research New South Wales. Dr Kelley insists that intense inbreeding is not recommended, but I take it that he favors what we call line-breeding, which is the introduction of more remote ancestors. On the other hand he remarks – ‘chances of variation should be restricted by mating together animals bred within the favoured strain and thus to some extent related’. We must go outside sometimes for change of blood. These outside dogs, he writes, must be highly selected by all methods, with emphasis upon the progeny test. He places more importance upon the strain than the individual.' - When I first knew him, fifty years ago, my old friend Edwin Brough, whose Bloodhounds have never been approached, had two strains in his kennels, the Beckford and the Bono. My Panther, who was prepotent as a sire, came from the two.’ -

First row at left dd ’51 - Rajah aka 'Andrew' led by Mrs Anne Balmanno Duke, and her son Captain David Arthur Balmanno Duke, of The Black Watch Royal Highland Regiment, with Amelia at the Richmond Show which counted 21 Mastiffs. Mrs Duke’ Heatherbelle Rajah sired four litters a/o 1) ch Salyng Aethelwulf - ch Havengore Hotspot’ paternal grandsire -, 2) ch Mansatta Vilna, Mansatta Jumbo – who sired ch Meps Angus & ch Wythybush Bess – ch Wythybush Fausta’ dam -, 3) Mansatta Benedict – ch Moonsfield Baron’ sire -, and 4) ch Fanifold Unity. Mrs Duke’ Heatherbelle Amelia unfortunately never produced any offspring. - Mrs Duke was the daughter of Dr Thomas Arthur Leishman, of Bearehill Brechin, whose estate was estimated at almost £20,000, therewith 2nd in the list dd '48 of estates lodged in Forfar – Angus. She married in ’21 Mr Archibald Whyte Duke '93-56 - linen manufacturer residing at Bearehill Brechin Scotland. – Centre – Her wedding photograph thirty years earlier standing in the middle next to her husband wearing a kilt. - At right - Bearehill Castle street Brechin Angus. - Second row at right - article dd Oct '51 about the transactions between Mrs Duke and the English born Mrs Hyacinth Mellish of Victoria British Columbia Canada.

Second row at left – article dd Jan ’49 about the brindle Valiant Diadem b 30th June '48 descent of Hellingly-Havengore-Wythybush-Saxondale stock - bred by Mr Robert Belden Burn - an accountant of Bristol Connecticut - and imported by Major Keith Francis Hunter Hulbert '04-58, of Fritham Grange farm New Forest nearby Lyndhurst, who, just like Miss Ianthe Bell,  was a breeder of purebred Arab  horses, and New Forest ponies as well. He flew over to the States meeting Mr Bob Burn of Valiant kennels and, in exchange for one of his valuable Arabians, he acquired the brindle Mastiff male called 'Valiant Diadem'. Mrs Marguerite Perrenoud loaned the OEMC a photograph taken dd Aug ‘53 by her father the Meps breeder Maurice Perrenoud and believed the only one in the world of Frithend Nydia with Valiant Diadem, both owned by Major Hulbert; arguably the picture was taken when visiting Major Hulbert for the mating of his Wythybush Beatrix to Valiant Diadem which resulted in a/o Meps Beatrix b Oct ‘53 and winneer of two cc's, ie. – Note - The London Gazette dd 1 Feb ‘46 mentions - 'The undermentioned officers relinquish their commissions on account of ill-health: Captain KFH Hulbert EC6658  who's granted the honorary  rank of Major.'

Major Keith Hulbert purchased Frithend Nydia b Jan ‘47– out of Coldblow Sally (bred by Mrs Elsie Park of Brunwins farm Rettendon - Essex) sired by Templecoombe Torus - from  Mrs Park’ friend  Mrs L J Head and, mated to Valiant Diadem, she produced SIX litters, a/o ch Havengore Rodney, ch Vyking Wotan, ch Wythybush Odin' dam  OEMC Prudence, ch Wythybush Bess’ dam Flushdyke Jill, ch Moonsfield Baron’ dam Moonsfield Duchess, ch Meps Angus’ dam Wormhill Cora, and Salyng ch’s Aithne & Aethelwulf’ dam Rayne Valerie.

One of his Fritham neighbours was Sir Timothy Eden ‘93-63 of Fritham House - see blue line here below -, elder brother of former Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden, and author of a/o 'Five Dogs and Two More' - about a Bulldog and his doggie friends who are a Whippet, a Fox Terrier, a Great Dane, an Aberdeen Terrier, a Wire Haired Terrier and Bonzo, and their adventures -, and ‘Tribulations of a Baronet', a biography about his father Sir Wiliam Eden, painter and Durham hunting squire. - Below - Sale by auction dd Dec '49 instructed by Mr K Hulbert 'who is giving up poultry farming.' - Other blue line for– Fritham' pub 'Royal Oak' within short-walking distance from the Captain’ Fritham Grange.

In the late 1920s the young man Mr Keith F H Hulbert resided at Coke’ fruit farm Westburton nr Pulborough – West Sussex, and was   dd Aug ‘29 subject of a case ‘Drunk or drowsy in his car'. Quote -  'Ha-ha, Connor, old boy, I saw you coming', was a remark alleged to have been made to Police-constable Connor by Keith Francis Hunter Hulbert, who was charged at Steyning Petty Sessions with being drunk in charge of a car on the Amberley-Storrington road. Mr Leslie Lea appeared for the Defendant who pleaded not guilty. An usual feature was that the Police Surgeon Dr Boxer Mayne was subpoenaed as a witness for the defence. James Bertie Horton, a fishmonger of Storrington, said that he was driving his van when at 3 pm he saw a car drawn up at the side of the road with all the lights on. Defendant was sitting on the floor with his head on his knees, and thinking there was something wrong with him and shook him. He mumbled something about being allright, and witness told him he had better wake up. He thought he was the worse for drink, and he told him he had better get a move on or he would be ‘pinched'...

Mr Keith Francis Hunter Hulbert was the son of Frank Hulbert b '69 who in ’03  - in partnership with Mr Swinfen Bramley Moore - took over the ‘Booth Motor Co’ at 19 Grand Parade Putney London, restyled it to ‘Hulbert-Bramley Motor Co’ and produced Hulbert-Bramley motorcycles at Putney until ’06 . Keith’ mother Florence b ’69 may have been also a sporting lady as in 1901, when the first 'Booth Motor Co' models were mainly manufactured  to specification,  a ladies' model was included for a 'Mrs Hulbert'. She was the daughter of Captain William George Hunter of Warwick - 11th Laird of ‘Burnside & Dod’ of Burnside – Angus, and The Elms Hunningham nr Leamington who died in ’36 at the Isle of Man. Mr Frank Hulbert  - see blue arrow above at right - was a then well-known rider, winning a/o the 200 miles reliability trial for the Edge Trophy in ’03 & a 3rd place in the Isle of Man Tourist Trophy (TT) ‘07 after which he became Works Manager of the Triumph Cycle Co Ltd, and ca ’10 manager of Hulbert Bramley Motor Co of 96 Upper Richmond Road and 118a Disraeli Road Putney London - motor car and motor manufacturers.

At left dd Aug ‘54 - Article about the export of Meps Bing & Meps Barbara - ch Havengore Hotspot' uncle & aunt - to Mooreleigh breeder Mrs Marie Antoinette Moore. They were bred by Mr Maurice Edouard Perrenoud out of Wythybush Beatrix -  Portia ex ch Havengore Rodney - sired by the then 27m old ch Salyng Aethelwulf, just a month after he won his 1st cc, namely at Crufts '54 under Mansatta breeder Mr Fred Bowles - bitch cc his sis Mrs Scheerboom' ch Salyng Aithne -.

Mr Maurice Edouard Perrenoud ’95-59 was a Swiss subject who came to England dd April ’16 and settled at Birmingham as a machine tool maker in munition work; he married in ’40 at Droitwich the divorcée Mrs Alice Estella Preece née Seaborn '08-00 and ran later on a jewelry business a/o Helvetia clocks & watches  at Helvetia Rushwick nr Worcester. He died end ’59 at Dorchester South Dorset, and left £13.508 (£6.153 net).

His 'fox red' Wythybush Beatrix got two cc's - Richmond '54 under Guy P Greenwood - res ch Salyng Aithne -, and Blackpool '56 under Mr Fred Hawkings - res ch Havengore Diann -. Mr Maurice Edouard Perrenoud bred one champion, namely ch Meps Angus b Feb '55 - see above at right dd Nov '56 - sired by ch Mansatta Vilna' brother Mansatta Jumbo, bred by Mr Fred Bowles and owned by Mr Perrenoud, out of  the brindle Wormhill Cora b May '50 bred by Major Hulbert, which  he had purchased - after she won the Crufts reserve cc under Mr Fred Bowles - from Pridzor Bull-Mastiff breeder Mr Victor John  Smith b '00, master baker of Bath road Worcester, formerly 11 Mile End Droitwich; Wormhill Cora was formerly owned by resp Mr/Mrs D F Mackay, Mr I Porritt, and Lt-Commander Edward Copson Peake of Jasmin Cottage Church Street Crondall nr Farnham. 

Ch Meps Angus - see at left dd end '58 -, reportedly a tall one, owned by Mrs  J B Froome of 38 Beechwood Park Road Solihull, got cc's in '56 cc's at Birmingham under Captain E S Bower - res  Weyacres Lincoln -,  an Miss H M Loughrey - res Weyacres Lincoln -, in '57 res cc at Crufts under Mr Bill Siggers - cc ch Salyng Aethelwulf -, cc at WELKS under Dr Aubrey Ireland - res Wythybush Crispin -, and finally in '58 the Crufts cc under Mr Guy Percival Greenwood -. Ch Meps Angus' breed importance came along his daughters Bardayle Cindy and Bardayle Bunty which produced resp ch Havengore Balint by ch H- Hotspot, and Mrs Irene Creight' foundation brood ch Kisumu Fatima by Copenore Jason.

Mr Maurice Perrenoud' twelve year-old daughter Marguerite '42-12 who, in those days, ran a cat boarding kennel and wanted to become a vet. After a considerable lapse of time, arguably assisted by her mum Alice, she re-started her father’ Meps Mastiff kennel dd 1972, and bred some successful Mastiffs, a/o 1) Meps Illustrious Lawyer - Gildasan Roman Warrior' dau Gildasan Jenny Slended ex ch Copenore Rab' son Grangemoor Zorab -, cc winner at Bath ’86 under Mr Harry Jordan – res cc ch Zanfi Imperial Eagle -. Illustrious Lawyer grandsired the Prixcan ch's Countach & Espada, and ch's Dignified John & Brave Chaka,  2) Lawyer’ son Meps Curator cc’s at Birmingham ’89 under Mr Richard Thomas – res cc his paternal half brother ch Prixcan Drusus -, and at Welsh KC ’89 under Mrs Betty Baxter – res cc ch Bredwardine Brongest -, and 3/4)  *** two champions registered w/out the Meps prefix, ie Mrs Thelma’ Green Dignified John - Meps Dark Knight' & - Curator' sis Meps Dark Ranee ex ch Glynpedr Dom perignon - behind some first-class stock, and Dignified John' litter brother Mr Raymond Boatwright’ brindle Brave Chaka, double Crufts cc winner ‘92/93 under Mrs Betty Baxter – res cc ch Trevabyn Mr Snowman -, and under Miss Jean Lanning – res cc Fitsam Baron Blue -.

In her  three-page letter dd Nov '99, about a year before her mother Alice died, she wrote a/o   - 'Firstly, I think I should give you  a full explanation of my Parents and my policy. To have the 'Meps' prefix on Mastiffs, all   (sic) dams have to be of such outstanding merit as to be worthy of the title of champion even if they are never (sic) shown. Such dams help to hold and preserve correct type particularly when these dams are mated  with  males such quality dams  too.' - and  - ' Yes, I did  breed for U K Mastiff champions, perhaps this letter has explained why the 3rd and 4th champions  have not got the priviledge of my famous Prefix!  -

Centre - End of her letter, mentioning Meps Dark Knight b Jan '85 - Gildasan Roman Warrior' grand-dau Gildasan Pittsburgh Eliza ex M- Illustrious Lawyer -  whom was transferred to Messrs Thomas & Tugwell; his brother  Meps Curator became owned by Mr  J Mealing.  - At right - Meps breeder Miss Marguerite E Perrenoud - photo dd April '11 -; she married twice - at Ledbury dd  '64  Mr Reginald E Griffiths, and at Cardiganshire dd '82   Mr Kenneth W Hicks of  Pwllglas farm Llangybi Lampeter Dyfed. - Marguerite’ brother Marcel E Perrenoud b '43-07, in his younger years fancying canoe racing, went back to his father' home land, and became director of MEP Societé Anonyme 10 Rue Du Temple 1211 Geneva, a business in frozen salmon and frozen seafoods; he was Président d’honneur of ‘Le Moto Club Les Centaures'. - More about the Perrenouds in Miscellanea Five -.

Dd Crufts Feb ’51 - at left –  Mrs Scheerboom’ 17m old Havengore Rodney b ’49 bred by Major Keith Hulbert – Frithend Nydia ex Valiant Diadem -. Rodney grandsired 1) ch Havengore Diann – ch Havengore Hotspot' maternal grand-dam, 2) ch Havengore Drake, whom, on his turn, sired the Blackroc ch’s Rhinehart, Falcon & Stormy Petrel and 3) Havengore Sally Ann whom produced the Hollesley foundation brood ch Havengore Dawn.

Dd Crufts Feb '51 - at right -  Rodney’ litter sis OEMC Prudence, great-grand-dam of Copenore Jason &  Canadian import Heatherbelle Portia b Nov '48, who mated to Rodney, produced Wythybuh Beatrix, ch Havengore Hotspot’ paternal grand-dam, and sis of Heatherbelle Sterling Silver who grandsired Copenore Jason; both Prudence & Portia were owned by Miss Ianthe Bell.

First row – Article from the Illustrated London News dd Feb ’49. – Second row – first part of eight-page notes re the post-WWII Mastiff breeding up to end ’52 including the names of purchasers, recorded by Dr  Arthur H aka 'Andy' Mayne '13-98, dd 39 Hospital House Surgeon – Officer, residing at Fans House Fanshawe Street Southampton - Devon. He married in ’40 at Holborn London ‘Fanny' aka Miss Frances C Watson b ’14 at Thanet Kent, dd '39 Staff Nurse Westmead residing at Clifton Crescent Folkestone, who became the breeder of Fanifold Mastiffs & coloured Bull-Terriers.

Note - Dr A H Mayne - born at Wilton nr Salisbury -  and Edith Winifred - b ’07 at East Harnham nr Salisbury -, were the children of Mr William Mayne b '72 Holsworthy - Devon, assistant Director of Army Contracts, and Mrs  Madeline Jessie née Humphrey b '75, who married in ‘99 at Lambeth London, and resided dd '39 at 4 Oakdene road Great Bookham nr Leatherhead.

1 x 2  - Hammercliffe Remus ex ch Deleval Alfruda, 7 x 8 - Mansatta Craig ex Mansatta Sheba, 5 x 6 - Altnacraig Boyce ex Knockrivoch Una, 9 x 10 - Parkhurst Emblem ex Parkhurst Joy, 11 x 12 - Knockrivoch Hector ex Valiant Cythera, 13 x 14 - Parkhurst King Rufus ex Heatherbelle Lady Hyacinth, 15 x 16 - Knockrivoch Eric ex Heatherbelle Hyacinth’ Priscilla, 17 x 18 - Parkhurst Jumbo ex Heatherbelle Lady Diana, 56 x 51 - Valiant Diadem ex Frithend Nydia.

At extreme left - Coldblow Sally' sis Havengore Victoria; - centre - Frithend Nydia' sis Juno. -  No 49 Sledmore Sarah bred by Mr Frances Woolley of Walsall road Perry Bar Birmingham, whose husband Captain Philip S Woolley b '89 was a Mechanical Engineer of the Birmingham Corporation Salvage Dept and  probably acquainted with  Sarah' purchaser Mr L H Vale.

It may go about  Mr Leonard  Hubert Vale-Onslow b '00, Motor Engineer of Onslow Motors Ltd  dd '39 100 Soho road Birmingham - ca 3 mls from the Woolleys' residence 272 Walsall road Birmingham. 

 Sledmore Sarah had a brother called Hammercliffe Peter exported to the Altnacraig breeder Mrs Foster Clark USA, and    the litter dd 9th Sept '49 contained  Mrs Wilson' Gerdlai Titus as well. - At right -    photo dd July '39 Mrs L H Vale-Onslow with his children.

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