No 165) The long-term Mastiff fancier Mrs Violet Anne Rose Wortley  née Henry, born  '04 in South Kensington, of Bunchfield Lynchmere Ridge Haslemere Surrey, was the eldest daughter of James Robert Went Henry b ’58 Lima (see pic at left) Peru – son of James Henry & Anna Josefa Went  - and Rose Mary C née Bennett b ’64 Valparaiso (see pic at right) Chile who married in 1900 at Kensington. They lived at Locksley Freshwater (see pic below at left) – Isle of Wight together with their two daughters, Violet b ’04 & Amy Lily b ’05’05 – m ’30 at Kensington Robert Stanley Hawker b ‘02; the Henry’ London city address – 38 Stanhope Gardens South Kensington.

Her Mastiffs – Hellingly Agrippa was probably litter brother of ch Hellingly Ajax b June ’29 (see pic at right); Withybush Dusky Maiden was perhaps sis tf ch W- Aethelred’ dam W- Dusky Lady b Dec ’52 out of Rodney’ daughter  W- Kathrina sired by Diadem’ son Wolsey; Copenore Rosita b ’61 was out of W- Crispin’ daughter W- Kassia sired by Copenore Jason; Farnaby Dark Lily b April ’71 was out of Merrick’ daughter (Rhosnessey) Fatal Charm sired by Farnaby Lucky Attempt. The mentioned Windsor show may have been the one of ’56 judged by the Windsor show chairman and  triple Crufts BIS judge - the Earl of Northesk - David Ludovic George Hopetoun Carnegie ‘01–’63 who gave the cc’s to Miss Bell’ ch Aethelred & ch Mansatta Vilna, res for ch Lexander Tudor King & ch Havengore Diann.

Note - Dr Philip G Tibbs - b ’55 Q3 Surrey South Western  m ’84 Caroline J Kennedy-Cooke at Surrey South Eastern – is the son of Geoffrey MG Tibbs & Anne R Wortley, daughter of Donald Jocelyn Wortley b ’08 & Violet Anne Rose née Henry - m ’31 East Grinstead.  At right - photo dd Oct '56.

At right – quote – ‘postcard sent dd 1905 to Miss H Culling c/o Mrs Henry of Locksley Freshwater Isle of Wight’, perhaps Miss H Culling was her domestic servant. Violet’ mother Rose Mary died April ’28 and her father only four months later. Violet’ husband Donald Jocelyn Wortley was born in Jamaica –parental home in ’31 - St Ann’s Trinidad. His father Rev Canon Edward Jocelyn Wortley, eldest son of Rev Canon E J Wortley of St Andrew, was Director of Agriculture at Bermuda, and MBE for services in connection with Food Supplies in that colony.  Violet & Donald divorced and Donald remarried in ’60 Ann W Powell b ’36 at Eastbourne.

No 166) The curious link between the Hellingly and Falmorehall breeders. The Oliver family moved in the early 1930s from Hellingly to Bedale Hall (see pic at right), an estate owned by the de la Poer Beresford family . Miss Sarah H Mulvey (Irish name of antiquity), since early childhood a fervent horse fancier and later on an apt polo player,  purchased her 1st Mastiff, ie Canonbury Elberto b 6th Jan ’73 & bred by another horse fancier – Mrs Sylvia Shorter of Oak Lodge Standon Green End Ware Herts - out of ch Kisumu Jasper’ dau K- Paulina sired by ch Canonbury Autobiography. The same year she married at Paddington London  Mr Richard Carlile Howe Windham b Chelmsford ’35 Q4, great-grandson to Marianne Catherine Emily Beresford ‘24-’65 of Bedale Hall who married in ’49  General Sir Charles Ash Windham (see pic at left) ’10-’70. Richard’ grandfather was Reginald Windham, b Pincher Creek Alberta – Canada ’64 - Wandsworth ‘28  . Richard’ father was Richard Howe Windham b ’04, recorded in ‘18 as ‘merchant seaman’,  who married in ‘33 at Dundalk. The Lisburn Herald newspaper dd July 21th ’56 mentions a/o – ‘Richard Windham, of Falmore Hall Dundalk, sentenced for driving in manner dangerous to the public. Fined £3’-

The former resident of Falmore Hall was the last of the Bigger family, ie Henry Thompson Bigger who died in 1927, the year Richard’ father Mr Richard Howe Windham went to the Cape - South Africa, homeland of the family of Henry William de la Poer Beresford ’62-’32, cousin to Richard Howe’ father Reginald. It’s possible Richard Howe Windham took over the Falmore estate (in 1870 - 1274 acres) later on. In ’41 he  was Temperory Lieutenant of the Royal Navy.

Re Richard’ great-grandfather Charles A Windham. His CV is almost endless, to name only few elements - ‘He led the attack during the Battle of the Great Redan during the Crimean War in ‘55. On his return to England at the conclusion of the war, General Windham aka the ‘Hero of the Redan’ was received in London with all appropriate honours, and in his own county he was presented with a handsome sword, a subscription for the purpose of a testimonial among the gentlemen and yeomen of Norfolk having in a few days reached 1,000 pounds. He became a MP for East Norfolk in ‘57. Promoted to Lieutenant-General, he became Commander of the British Troops in Canada in October ‘67. Windham died in Jacksonville Florida, temporarily interred in Montreal and finally in Hanwell cemetery Middlesex - England. Above at left – Falmore Hall; at right Mrs Windham with a/o the 3y old Falmorehall Happy Fella & his brindle sis F- Call Me Madam.

Miss Sylvia VE King - b ’38 London  m ’58 at Islington George A Shorter – bred eleven Canonbury* litters between ’71-75 out of four broods, ie Gildasan Hidee (3), Kisumu Paulina (3), Freydor Sheba (3) & Oxhaege Astrid sire by ch Gildasan Eminance, Oxhaege Thorkel (2), his sons C- Aultroy (2), ch C- Autobiography and Garstars Eric. Note – Canonbury - 3m N of London city  - is a residential district in Islington.  The Shorter family emigrated to Cape Town - South Africa in ’76. At right - their   residence Oak Lodge at Ware - Herts.

At left – An article published in the OEMC Newsletter Aug ’79 – Rhosnessey Black Bess b Nov ’71 out of Farnaby Merrick’ grandaughter R- Paulanna sired by ch Pynesfarm Gelert’ son R- Nimrod; at right – pic probably taken at the OEMC show ’75 judged by Miss B Blackstone - at the background Kisumu Goliath’ grandson Garstars Eric (3rd Limit) and in front ch Canonbury Autobiography aka 'Teddy' (cc winner). The Am import Garstars Eric was purchased by Kisumu breeder Mrs I Creigh, then he went to Mrs Shorter and later on to Cornhaye breeder Mrs Roberts who bred from him a litter dd May ’77 out of  ch President Lad’ sis Bouncing Bess containing Cornhaye Michael Chairman who sired Cornhaye Katie, dam to Dutch ch Desaäl Lady Britain.

Cornhaye breeder Mrs Janet Roberts owned Mrs Windhams C- Elberto’ brother Canonbury Edward – 1st Limit Birmingham ’75 under Mr Bill Siggers – cc ch Buckhall Master Sirius – res ch Copenore Rab. Elberto & Edward’ sire ch Canonbury Autobiography sired only one other litter, ie dd Sept ’74 out of ch Cornhaye Kenneth’ dau Bournewood Prunella & bred by Bournewood breeder Mrs Mary Denton.

Bournewood breeder Mary Denton née Rowles b Newbury ’35 married ’53 at Newbury Charles G Denton. In ’63 they came to live at Woodspeen Farm (see above at left) Lambourn road Stockcross Newbury. In ’68/9 she purchased from  Mrs Florence Cole (via Mrs Janet Roberts of Cornhaye kennels) the 2y old Buckhall Baroness Anthea aka Elsa, sis to ch B- Baron Spencer & B- Baron Wolsey. Elsa produced three litters, two sired by Hollesley Sebastian owned by Mr John SF Boston of Stonehenge Farm Northmoor Oxford, the other one by Miss Joan Fiddler ch Cornhaye Kenneth.  Ch Buckhall Mr Micawber was the one she admired the most and mated him to Elsa’ daughter B- Sophie which gave the dark brindle Bournewood Barnaby (see above at centre) b Oct ’73 whom she considered the best one she has bred. Later on she purchased Bulliff Pylass, one of her favourites.

In ’86 she purchased Falmorehall Hudson - see above at right pic taken in ’87 – and bred five litters from him, ie out of B- Scarcen Holly (2), B- Kirby (2) & B- Blue Belle. Her last litter dd Nov ’93 was a half sis/brother mating back to Falmorehall Hudson, ie B- Cream Crackers ex Honeycroft Gentleman Jim, the latter from the only other English bred litter sired by F- Hudson, ie out of ch H- Eliza’ dau H- Fiddlesticks also producing ch Honeycroft Goldilocks.

Beaumaring breeder Hannelore née Schaub b ’43 married in ’66 at St Ives nr Huntingdon Mr Rodger Alexander Latta b ’29 , farmer from Ring Farm Colne road Huntingdon – 15m N of Cambridge. Mrs Latta bred five litters between ’73-77, - two out of ch Copenore Friar’ dau Kisumu Tania b ‘69 sired by res cc winner ’73 under Mrs Edna Harrild (cc ch Copenore Rab), ie her Roussillon Benghazi –b ’71 & bred by Mrs I M Tierney out of R- Augusta (Hollesley Niobe x ch C- Bardolph) sired by Mr Gordon Edwards’ ch Pynesfarm Gelert, - two out of their daughter B- Bonnie sired by Garstars Eric & his son B- Casper, - the remaining one out of ch Jakote Glencora’ sis J- Laura sired by Eric’ son Beaumaring Casper. 

The most important Beaumaring Mastiff was B- Lion from the 1st Tania/Benghazi litter who sired ch Cemaes King Edward bred by Mr DG Phillips of Allt-y-Ddol Eglwyswrw Crymych (5 mls S of Moylegrove) & owned by the Hicks family. Beaumaring Lion was owned by Mr Gordon Edwards ’14-’88. As an aspiring young actor in the 1930s he befriended two old ladies who left him four houses when they died which enabled him to immediately give up treading the boards and, reportedly, to live off the income. In ’65 he married at Holywell North Wales Doreen M Nicholson ’25-’74. Photo above at left - Doreen  with Bellringer’ son Copenore Lysander b ’67 (cc under Mr Cyril Lindley of Copenore) & ch Pynesfarm Gelert b ’68. The photograph perhaps taken at Birmingham ’70 when Miss B Blackstone awarded the cc to Gelert & the reserve cc to Lysander. The Edwards resided at Pencastell in a glorious scenery nearby the Wales’ coast off Moylegrove – see the white house at right.

They also owned a/o W- Crispin’ son Withybush Joel b Jan ’58, Nantymynydd Iolo b May ’69, Gelert’ son Cemaes Prince March ’71, ch J- Lady Victoria’ brother Jilgajon Sir Silas b Nov ’73 & the Mr Micawber sons Bournewood King & B- Crispin b ‘73. Over the years he ran short of capital as well so that at his death, apart from his own residence Pencastell on the Cardigan coast, only one of the four houses remained, ie a house divided into flats at Parsifal Road Hampstead – 7 mls NW of London city. In his will Gordon bequeathed the value from part of his Pencastell estate to the OEMC, some of the value ‘to finance a high quality club magazine’.

Quote – - ‘Gordon Edwards died suddenly in Wales where I met him. We were near neighbours and fishing companions, for several years. His tackle went to auction - proceeds to the Old English Mastiff Club - he kept eight of the monsters at one time. The Gordon Edwards' Royalty diaries from the 1930s to early-mid 1950s diaries were given to a local man who helped him with his dogs. They record simply everything - the catches, the characters, the big-names, the dirt and the gossip on a daily basis. Gordon was an actor who ‘rested’ during the summer just to fish the Royalty and at Christchurch and the Breakwater for mullet and bass - all on centrepins and Avon rods - for nearly three decades. Priceless.’ - – Note – article by Herr C Habig.

Ca forty mls NE of Pencastell Moylegrove lived Major Robert Henry Davies '21 ’97 & Nantymynydd breeder Mrs Anne Adelaide Davies '22 -end'06 (see at left with Emrys) in their cottage ‘Fedw Fawr’ (see at right) aka ‘Large birches’ on a large piece of land in the picturesque setting of a remote part of hill country called ‘the old birch’  in the Tregaron’ village Llwynygroes . Mrs Davies, a tiny but clever & even-minded woman but not directly of the extrovert disposition, maybe one of the reasons her kennels weren’t that renowned as it should have been. As far as known, she never has shown her stock and seemingly British fanciers who purchased O’Nantymynydd - stock weren’t in first instance interested in making up their O’N but were quite aware of the authenticity of that stock molded by a lady aiming at first place good health , honest breeding & respect. Note – Her husband Robert Henry Davies MBE in ’75 was Major of the Royal Welch Fusiliers. Since 1844 the mascot of this infantry regiment has been a Qatar oryx goat, always named William of Windsor aka ‘Billy’ - a stuffed one to be seen at the Royal Welch Museum Caernavon.

Mrs Davies purchased two Mastiff bitches who both had produced a litter, ie 1) Copenore Catherine b April ’63 – Jason’ dau C- Prima Donna ex Withybush Superbus – from Kisumu breeder Mrs Creigh who mated her to Weatherhill Bellringer resulting in the Kisumu C- litter b Sept '64, 2) Zilgul Brigid b May ’63 – Withybush Viola x Balint - from Frideswide breeder Mrs Sheila Monostori who mated her to Balint producing a/o F- Nicolette & F- Oliver b Dec ‘64.

Mrs Davies purchased two Mastiff bitches who both had produced a litter, ie 1) Copenore Catherine b April ’63 – Jason’ dau C- Prima Donna ex Withybush Superbus – from Kisumu breeder Mrs Creigh who mated her to Weatherhill Bellringer resulting in the Kisume C- litter, 2) Zilgul Brigid b May ’63 – Withybush Viola x Balint - from Frideswide breeder Mrs Sheila Monostori who mated her to Balint producing a/o F- Nicolette & F- Oliver b Dec ‘64.

She bred thirty-three litters between Nov 1965 – Mar 1987. Up to 1978 all Nantymynydd broods were descents of her foundation pair of bitches - Catherine & Brigid. In ’79 she bred a litter from N- Cynan' daughter Graig Goch Enfys b '73 sired by N- Marchog. Her penultimate N- litter was out of N- Daphne, a fourth maternal generation back to Catherine.

Two Nantymydd litters were sired by ch Havengore Balint, seven by Balint’ son Emrys, five by Balint’ son Taran , one by Emrys’ son Hireath, eight by another Emrys’ son Craigavon Cymro, two by Cymro’ son’ Marchog, one by Marchog’ son Cellwair, two by another Marchog’ son  Nefin, one by Nefin’ son Cardinal, one by Mr Lesdon Lord Alexander owned by Mr Douglas Oliff who purchased the dam in question, ie N- Ynfydd and mated her to his Jilgrajon Tom Bowling producing Wyaston Henry Tudor – see above at right & at left – N- Elin & Lisa and Dagrau’ 18m old brother Hireath – Z- Brigid ex Emrys.

Her last litter was out of GG Enfys’ granddaughter N- Ebony sired by Craigavon Royal Boy b '81 - Craigavon Elsa ex Forefoot Lucifer, bred by her good friend Mr Richard W Cogan b '20 of Mount Pleasant Carmarthen who alerted Mr Graham Hicks to  her final illness and demise. Mr Cogan (see pic dd '83 at left together with his ch Craigavon Selina) died only few weeks later in February '07. In his early years he was kennelman of the Ockite kennels (Mastiffs & English Bulldogs) owned by Mr Ocky White of Milford Haven. Mr Cogan bred 26 Craigavon litters between  ’67-’98, made up two champions, ie Mr Gordon Edwards’ Bournewood Crispin’ daughter C- Emma & her daughter C- Selina by Forefoot Lucifer but the Craigavon of greatest importance was Craigavon Taboo, a dark brindle out of ch C- Emma’ granddaughter C- Royal Lady sired by ch (Meps) Dignified John. Taboo sired the magnificent dark brindle ch Jengren Pluto b '93 - fifteen cc's and ancestor of high quality Mastiffs, a/o ch Lady Lavinia  b '00 whose pedigree  goes back to Pluto along both parents  whereas her sire Jengren Mr Milligan was sired by Craigavon Taboo.

Mr Cogan bred 26 Craigavon litters between  ’67-’98, made up two champions, ie Mr Gordon Edwards’ Bournewood Crispin’ daughter C- Emma & her daughter C- Selina by Forefoot Lucifer but the Craigavon of greatest importance was Craigavon Taboo, a dark brindle out of ch C- Emma’ granddaughter C- Royal Lady sired by ch (Meps) Dignified John. Taboo sired the magnificent dark brindle ch Jengren Pluto b '93 - fifteen cc's and ancestor of high quality Mastiffs, a/o ch Lady Lavinia  b '00 whose pedigree  goes back to Pluto along both parents  whereas her sire Jengren Mr Milligan was sired by Craigavon Taboo.

In the early 1980s , the Nantymynydd kennels numbered between twenty and thirty adult Mastiffs , a quite relevant number which nowadays is seldom to be met with. Some people state it’s a pity that present British breeding is mostly dominated by breeders with averagely a small number of stock which can hamper continuity in building up consistency. 

The KCSB recorded some fifty Nantymynydd transfers, wherefrom the half exported, ie USA 11 – a/o Mr Stuart Olsen & Dr Wm Newman, Japan 8 – a/o the OEMC of Japan & Mr Y Nakamura, Germany 3 - a/o Mr Lohmeier , Italy 1 & Belgium - Mrs Verbeke-Ryde of Dagrau kennels. The Nantymynydd tranfers came to an end around the end of ’72 incl those two – Rhyfelwr & Twylip - to her husband Major RH Davies (end ’72). After the nine N-litters bred during ‘71/72, six years w/out any N- litter followed. The one dd ’84 of N- Ynfydd to Mr Douglas Oliff’ aside,  no further Nantymynydd transfers were recorded. - At left two young Nantymynydd males dd early eighties.

Mrs Anne Adelaide Davies' daughter Lesley emigrated to Canada in ’83 and she recalls – ‘In the early sixties, I remember, my mother announcing to me "I am going to help save the Old English Mastiff breed of dog". She has rescued an exhausted Fox from a Hunt!  The poor nearly dead fox jumped into our chicken run.  The Hunt Master was furious as my Mother all of 5ft in height or less, stood in front of his horse and dared the Hunt Master to open her gate!  Needless to say, Mum  Won! Other animals rescued include a Donkey, Horse, Chow Chow Dogs, Beagles and Poodles.’ -

Mr Octavius aka 'Ocky' John White ’87-’73 – In ’01 he set out for London where he was to serve his apprenticeship as a draper. His training completed, he returned to Pembrokeshire and in the first quarter of the year 1910, the name Ocky White was first seen over a shop in North Road, Milford Haven.     Within two years Ocky White was employing his first man and was challenging some of the long-established shops for the Welsh flannel trade. In 1920, Ocky opened another shop in High Street, Haverfordwest, and employed ten people. A century later about 70 staff worked at Ocky White. 

Our Dogs’ mems dd March 1932 – ‘ Mr Otley (sic) White of Milford Haven, a great naturalist, who owns an aquarium, a huge aviary, and quite a large number of monkeys, bears and badgers, has had a Mastiff for some time bred by Captain Davies of Swansea. He has just enlarged his kennel by the purchase of a bitch from Mrs Norah Dickin (Goring), the Hon Secretary of the OEMC.’

  At left - Ockite advert published in Our Dogs Xmas '38. At right - a cabinet photograph  by Samuel John Allen of Cartlett Pembroke Dock Haverfordwest, son to Charles Smith Allen , one of Queen Victoria’ favorite photographers ; it arguably presents a local family & brindle Mastiff, and maybe figuring Ocky White & his dog bred by Captain Davies of Swansea . The KCSB mention no ‘Captain’ Davies as a breeder but there’s a Mrs T Davies of Lidgett kennels of Hucknall – Notts, who bred a brindle with the Hebrew name ‘Caleb’ b June 1911 out of Lidgett Bess sired by ch Lidgett Viscount’ sire Brindled Prince and owned by Mrs E Deerr. The KCSB  mention Mrs T Davies as also the owner of ch Lidgett Viscount’ dam & son, respectively Widmere Lady & Lidgett Conqueror.

Mr Ocky White owned  Druina b May ’35 & bred by Miss Bell out of The Druid’ daughter Ducia sired by ch Uther Penarvon. Druina got two cc’s, ie at Birmingham ’37 under Mrs Lucy Scheerboom and the Crufts ’38 cc under  Mr Sam Crabtree. After WWII Mr Ocky White purchased Frithend Nydia’ brother & sis Ockite Wattaboy & O- Wattagirl b Jan ’47 – bred by Mrs LJ Head out of Coldblow Sally ex Templecoombe Torus - and was custodian of the import dog OEMC Heatherbelle Stirling Silver b Nov ‘48, but soon gave him into Havengore breeder Mrs Lucy Scheerboom’ care.

The OEMC handbook 1929 states Ileden breeder Mrs Lilian Woods (ed - née Ropner) residing at ‘Greyfriars Tilford Farnham Surrey’. The house was designed by the well-known architect Edward Turner Powell. Later on the Woods family moved to Hardwick Hall Farnham (address Crufts ’31), Marwell Manor Grade II Owslebury nr Winchester (’33), and in ‘34 to Marlpool House Brockenhurst*** nearby the South coast. Centre – ’29 pic taken at the Crystal Palace KC show Oct ’32 of ch Ileden Volo b April '29 with probably Rev SC Woods– at right - Mrs Lilian Woods  or one of her daughters, ie Lilian Sheila b '06 m '31 or Elsa H  b '14 m '47 - with a/o Ileden Chieftain b Aug ’35 out of ch H- Joseph & ch Ileden Volo’ dau Ileden Biddy sired by ch H- Ajax’ son H- Duke.

Mrs Woods’ first appearance in the KCSB was in ’30 – Her Hellingly Honor winning the Crufts’ cc, a year later she got a 2nd cc under her breeder Mrs EG Oliver. Mrs Woods may not have been amused at the KC Olympia ’37 show where Mr Oliver did not awarded the bitch cc, Ileden Chatelaine being 1st Open class. Mrs Woods bred three KCSB registered litters – 1) dd April ’29 out of ch H- Joseph’ dau Hellingly Honor ex ch Cleveland Premier bred owned by Mr George Cook of Marton Road - Middlesbrough, 2) dd ‘32/33 out of ch I- Volo sired by ch H- Joseph & 3) dd Aug ’35 out of Biddy sired by H- Duke.

Ca ’38 Mrs Lilian Woods purchased from Mr Alexander Henry McIntosh ***, furniture maker of Heatherywood House nr Kirkcaldy, ‘Stenequoy Indulf’ b July ’34 & bred by Miss Sarah Skatte Reid b ’12-‘90, music teacher of The Anchorage Station Road Allendale – fifty mls NW of Stockton on Tees – out of ch Arolite’ dau Cleveland Benita sired by ch Woden’ son Cleveland Comedian. At the SKC Sept '36 Mr JW Marples awarded Indulf the cc, 2nd  ch Broomcourt Marcon & 3rd Ileden Gunner. At Crufts '39 he got a 3rd Limit under Cleveland breeder Mr Herbert Cook. Miss Reid owned (Tiddicar) The Mhor b Oct ’30 & bred by Mr Leonard Crook of Blackpool out of Selene sired by ch Hellingly Ajax. The Mhor was a winner of over 30 Prizes, chiefly in Variety classes incl three times Best Non-Sporting. She also bred a litter dd ’35 out of ch H- Joseph’ dau Trelyon Girl sired by ch Hellingly Marksman resulting in Hellingly Monarch & - Maud, both exported to the States.

Ca ’38 Mrs Lilian Woods purchased from Mr Alexander Henry McIntosh ***, furniture maker of Heatherywood House nr Kirkcaldy, ‘Stenequoy Indulf’ b July ’34 & bred by Miss Sarah Skatte Reid b ’12-‘90, music teacher of The Anchorage Station Road Allendale – fifty mls NW of Stockton on Tees – out of ch Arolite’ dau Cleveland Benita sired by ch Woden’ son Cleveland Comedian. At the SKC Sept '36 Mr JW Marples awarded Indulf the cc, 2nd  ch Broomcourt Marcon & 3rd Ileden Gunner; at Crufts '39 Indulf got a 3rd Limit under Cleveland breeder Mr Herbert Cook.

***  His father Alexander Henry McIntosh started his furniture business in 1869 in Kirkcaldy town Scotland creating created quality furniture which catered to the tastes of progressive middle class Britain.. Rapid expansion was based on a reputation for craftsmanship and interest from international trade fairs. AH McIntosh designers created a following in the mid 1960s with clever reinterpretations of cutting-edge design trends from Scandinavia. This popularity has not waned. Today' glossy UK interior design magazines are touting AH McIntosh as one of the hot vintage British brands to collect. – At right - In September 1977 Prime Minister James Callaghan made a visit to Kirkcaldy furniture manufacturers 'A H McIntosh.'

 Miss Reid owned (Tiddicar) The Mhor b Oct ’30 & bred by Mr Leonard Crook of Blackpool out of Selene sired by ch Hellingly Ajax. The Mhor was a winner of over 30 Prizes, chiefly in Variety classes incl three times Best Non-Sporting. She also bred a litter dd ’35 out of ch H- Joseph’ dau Trelyon Girl sired by ch Hellingly Marksman resulting in Hellingly Monarch & - Maud, both exported to the States. - Above photograph dd Aug ’34 – The Mhor & Miss Sarah Skatte Reid at extreme right next to Mr Eric Newcombe, transport & haulage contractor of Mayswood House Mayswood Road Wootton Wawen – 20 mls S of Birmingham - and chairman of the Leamington Spa’ Associated Road Operators Ltd.

Mrs Lilian Woods née Ropner ’74-‘69, was the 2nd  daughter of Sir Emil Hugo Oscar Robert Ropner ’38-’24 - known simply as Robert Ropner (see at left). He was 1st Baronet Ropner of, JP for North Riding, DL of County Durham, Lt- Colonel and MP for Stockton on Tees ’01-’10. Mr Ropner was born in Magdeburg - Prussia and emigrated to England. He worked for a coal export concern before building up a fleet of colliers and founding the ‘Ropner Shipping Company’ in Hartlepool in 1874 and residing at Hardwick Hall (see below at left) at  Castle Eden.    Note – the kennel name ‘Ileden’ may refer to the village of her early childhood, whereas her ‘Marplepool’ residence at Brockenhurst may refer to Hartlepool. In 1882 Robert Ropner purchased Preston Hall (see above at right) Stockton on Tees, some 10m SW and nearby Middlesbrough. Six years later he acquired the North Shore shipyard at Stockton-on-Tees and established a successful shipbuilding firm, which built many trunk deck ships. No longer limited to hauling coal, Ropner also established a company to operate tramp steamers. Although the shipyard went into liquidation soon after what was then known as the Great War, the shipping company continued to operate through both World Wars, despite heavy wartime losses of vessels.

Miss Lilian Ropner married in ’03 at Stockton on Tees the local vicar of Holy Trinity, Reverend Sidney Cecil Woods b ’67 at Wandsworth – London and son of Thomas Woods, merchant (woollen draper) at 130 Bishopsgate London nearby the ‘Sir Paul Pindar’ pub No 169 (see pic dd '65  left – at right biography - source Alumni Cantabrigiensis). His father Thomas m in ’55 Miss Jane Miller of High Street Bedford.

Reverend Sidney Cecil Woods and his wife Lilian née Ropner’son Humphrey Ropner Duncan Woods b ‘04, married in ’33 Vera Eleanor Marjorie née Frankis and resided at Walmer Castle near Dover. He was Captain of the Royal Marines on the HMS Exeter – see above at right (404 crew) which protected an important convoy of merchant ships but killed December ’39 at the battle of the River Plate – Argentina by an attack of the German battleship Admiral Graf Spee.

The Gazette for Middlesbrough mentions dd Jan 16th ’40 – ‘the engagement between Sidney Mervyn Ropner Woods, the son of the Reverend & Mrs Woods of Brockenhurst***, formerly Holy Trinity Stockton on Tees, and Miss Jacqueline Lucy Madge Graham of Brentwood Essex.’ - His Reverend father died two years later at Winchester. Mr Sidney Mervyn Ropner Woods b ’09 at Stockton was an Army Major and died in ’76 at ‘Sea Mist’ 13 Thatcher Ave Torquay.

Quote - ‘Ropner’ little Navy’ played a valiant & vital role in the two 20th Century wars against Germany. Ironically, then, the 'little Navy' was founded by an immigrant who was himself German. Emil Hugo Oscar Robert Ropner was born in Magdeburg in Prussia in 1838, but both of his parents died of cholera when he was ten. They left enough money for him, and his nine siblings, to get a basic education, but at the age of 19 he and friend decided to run away to Australia. They reached the port of Hamburg, where they found a vessel bound for the new world. But there was only one job going on it, so Robert’ friend sailed for a new life on the other side of the globe. Another vessel in the port was about to depart. It was the SS Dora, and was bound for somewhere not quite so exotic-sounding as Australia, ie West Hartlepool. Still, Robert climbed aboard – some sources say that he stowed away; others say that he worked his passage. The sources agree, though, that the voyage was so stormy and Robert was so seasick that he vowed never to go to sea again – no matter where he ended up. He ended up without a penny in his pocket and a word of English in his vocabulary, standing on the foreign dockside of West Hartlepool. But it was a booming dockside: Durham coal was being exported and the ships were returning laden with Baltic timber to prop up the pit. He got a job in bakery, and married in '58 the baker’s daughter, ie Miss Mary Anne Craik. Soon she had buns in the oven, and he got a better job working for Thomas Appleby’ firm of coal exporters. In 1868, he launched Appleby’ first steamship and then, in 1875, launched his own line of ships. By the 1880s, Robert had one of the largest lines in the world. In 1888, he bought the North Shore shipyard on the Tees at Stockton. Now beneath the major roads that now line the Stockton riverside, the shipyard may well have been where shipbuilding began in the town in 1700. Robert didn’t initially see the yard as a major concern but as a business where his son, William, could cut his teeth. In its first year, the yard built four steel steam trampships which set the Ropner naming convention: Maltby, Aislaby, Raisby and Thornaby, all named after Viking settlements near Stockton. The yard thrived, building ships for other arms of the Ropner empire to sail, and for other customers around the world. ' -

At left  – part of a group photograph - incl arguably the 18y old Miss Lilian Ropner sitting below - on the occasion of the Ropner Park Opening - centre -  front page of the Official Opening programme dd October 4th 1893 by the Duke and Duchess of York - later King George V & Queen Mary - and included luncheon, marching bands and fireworks – below portraits of Ileden breeder Mrs Lilian Woods’ parents, ie Mrs Mary Anne Ropner née Craik & her husband Mr Robert Ropner - at left - a photograph dd ’05 ‘Pygmies of Central Africa ‘ incl Sir Robert Ropner (4th from left).

Photo dd Dec ’95 presenting the last ones of the Hicks family (Jilgrajon)– ie Tresylyan Ferdinand out of Brookview Lucy Lastic’ dau T- Desdemona sired by their ch Delbeech Zorab aka Amos b July ’90 out of Zanfi Baron’ grandaughter Princess Ninja sired by Grangemoor Archie Gander’ son Delbeech Casey. The Hicks family owned also Hollesley Archer who came from the penultimate Hollesley litter b July ’86 including H- Monksilver & - Mowerina – out of ch H- Devil Dancer’ dau H- Mermaid sired by the Hicks' Grangemoor Archie Gander.

Mr Graham JG Hicks, the son of Jack ’20-’96 Q4  & Winifred Lottie aka Jill née Smith '24 at Farnham -'11 who took on Kidmore End Nurseries, a rundown glasshouse nursery of two and a half acres nr Reading and built it into a going concern with Jill learning floristry which became an important part of the business. Graham died after a short illness bravely born on Sunday 10th March 2013. He joined the club in 1971, with his parents. He and his father Jack   ran the rescue and he was club archivist. He served on the Committee and was Chairman for a number of years. President until his retirement in 2011.  The OEMC Officers Committee,  and Members send their sincere sympathy to Wendy Brown who cared for him in his last days.

He was born Q1 ’49 Windsor Berkshire and partner with his father Jack (born Wakefield – Yorks)  in ‘Hicks & Hicks engravers’ est 1970. All types of sign etching/engraving labels, no-smoking signs, plaques, later on screen printing ‎ - having their workplace at Walworth Enterprise Centre Andover, some four mls from Upfield Harroway Andover, since '79 the home of the Hicks family (see left), sold end Jan ’14 for £350.000.

According to OEMC archivist Mr Graham Hicks Mr John GC Steele, of Old Rectory cottage Main road Longfield nr Dartford,  brought out a Newsletter No 1 dd May ’66, although the 1st OEMC newsletter was published in 1960 and one the memorabilia he brought into attention was– ‘In the library recently I came across a book entitled ‘The Dog Lovers Week-end Book’. In this there is a chapter consisting of a series of paragraphs on ‘the Dog I like best and why’. The Mastiff contribution is made by our secretary Mrs Norah Dickin.' Ed - Mrs Norah Dickin ’99-’66 succeeded Mr WK Taunton as OEMC Secretary in ’24 and the book ‘The Dog-Lovers Week-end Book 399pp was edited by Mssrs Arthur Crowton Smith & Eric Parker - publ by Seeley, Service & Co Ltd 1950. Cream dust jacket with green lettering over brown cloth. Illustrated by Mil Brown. B&W illustrations throughout. Note - Mr John GC Steele owned ch Cornhaye Kennet’ maternal aunt Westmere Gentle Maid b Aug ’63 & bred by Mrs M E Lucas out of Dingus Mistress Ford sired by W- Crispin' son Withybush Superbus. Dingus Mistress Ford b July '59 was bred by Mr FC Hall out of ch Havengore Hotspot' is H- Griselda sired by Weyacres Lincoln' son Buckhall Aethelstone.

Miss Joan Windham ’04-’90 of Orchard Stables Wargrave nr Henley on Thames owned two Heatherbelle Sterling Silver daughters, 1) Mumbery Phoenix b Dec ’50 & bred by Mr Fred(erick) Bowles '88-'68 Mansatta kennels  Rough Hill Newtown Linford - Leicestershire out of Mansatta Jana and 2) Mumbery Britannia b  20th April ’52 (BRS May ’53 transferred to Mrs AM Strode)  bred by Lt-Cdr Edward Copson Peake ’08-’82 of Jasmin Cottage Church Street Crondall nr Farnham out of the dark brindle Jascot Fritham Griselda who produced a 2nd litter dd March '55 sired by the brindle ch Salyng Aethelwulf. Lt-Cdr EC Peake was the only son of Rev E C Peake ’53-’28 of Hinton Ampner Rectory Alresford  Southampton and married in ’34 at Aldershot Miss Nicola Katherine Murray Gibbon b ’10 Christchurch nr Bournemouth, grand-daughter of Sir William Duff Gibbon, KB 1912 for his 56 years developing the tea industry in Ceylon and for his services to the Legislative Council in Kandy, Ceylon², a tea planter in Kandy, Ceylon.He was listed Lt-Commander at three HMS warships, ie the Ambuscade, Escapade & Zebra between ‘42’44  - retired June ’52. Miss Joan Windham’ Mumbery prefix arguably refers to a local area called Mumbery (hill);unfortunately no single KCSB registered Mumbery Mastiff litter has been bred.

Miss Joan Windham was the eldest daughter of Major Ashe Windham ’63-’37, of Waghen Hall Wawne  (see below at right) &  Orchard House (see below at left) Wargrave, and Cora Ellen Sowerby Middleton. She was registered as a Member of the MCSP - Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. In ’59 she married Brigadier Ord Henderson Tidbur '88-'61, son of Colonel James Tidbury and five years later she married secondly, Major Hugh D'Oyly Lyle '95-'77, son of Colonel Hugh Thomas Lyle. After her father’ death the finely timbered Georgian residence Orchard House was sold incl forty-eight acres of meadowland, and perhaps w/out Orchard Stables, Miss Joan Windham’ address mentioned advertedly. At right – part of photograph taken at Richmond - June ’51 – from l to r – Miss Joan Windham, Miss Ianthe Bell & Lt-Cdr Edward Copson Peake with the brindle Jascot Fritham Griselda b 'May '50 out of Frithend Nydia sired by Valiant Diadem - the two other brindles were  Miss Bell' OEMC Wolsey   whereas the large one at left may have been his littermate.

Her father Ashe was educated at the Diocesan College, Rondebosch, Cape Province, South Africa, and graduated from the University of the Cape of God Hope in 1881 with a BA. He was in the Natal and Zululand Civil Service between 1881 and 1890. He held the office of Justice of the Peace for the East Riding, Yorkshire. He gained the rank of Major in the service of the 3rd Battalion, East Yorkshire Regiment. He fought in the Boer War between 1900-'02.

The village of Wawne (or Waghen) is just to the north of Hull, on the East bank of the River Hull. In 1651 a grant of some of the land and rents was made to Joseph Ashe (1617-1686) who was the third son of a London clothier. He became a successful London merchant and built up estates in Wawne quickly. Katherine Ashe 1652-‘29 married William Windham of Fellbrigg Hal - Norfolk when the Wawne property transferred. The Windham family were wealthy London merchants also who had owned Fellbrigg since at least the early part of the fifteenth century. Joseph Windham Ashe 1683-‘46 was a merchant in London specialising in wholesale linen drapery and was cashier to the salt commissioners between about 1718-‘41. Wawne passed down through his descendants until transferring to the Smijth family in 1779. Joseph Smijth 1792-’57 became the first family member to live at Wawne. In 1816 he applied to take the extra name Windham. He was a captain in the 10th  Hussars and 17th  Lancers. His son, William George Smijth Windham 1828-‘87 dropped the name Smijth. He died unmarried and the estates passed down through the family of his brother. The Waghen estate, which in the late XIX c was ca 3500 acres in size, began to be a financial drain on the family and in the 1910s everything was sold except for the Hall, which was ultimately sold in the 1950s.

Mansatta breeder Mr Frederick Bowles ’88-’68 was the son of Frederick William Cross Bowles ’64-’34 who founded with his father one of Leicester' largest building firms, ie ‘FW Bowles & Son’ Gladstone Street & Wharf Street. Frederick’ father FWC Bowles married in ’84 at Barrow on Soar Agnes. In ’11 the family, incl also Arthur b ’85 & Nellie b ’91, resided at the Beech Farm - Kirby Muxloe nr Leicester, having a/o prize winning Lincoln red cows & Hackneys. At his death in ’34 Mr FWC Bowles left £59.000 (net personalty 11.000) – to compare – the then average wage for a housemaid or cook was £1 weekly or even less. The firm came into the hands of his two sons Arthur & Frederick. Numerous adverts dd ’39 mention ‘FW Bowles & Son’ Gladstone Street as contractors of air raid shelters. After the war the firm was not only active in bricklaying but also in plumbing, central heating, painting & decorating.

At left – Mansatta Jana & Mr Bowles’ kennelman in ‘51. Centre - Mr Fred Bowles with  the youngster  Havengore Pluto, b May ’59  out of ch Havengore Dawn’ aunt H- Caroline sired by ch Havengore Drake’ brother H-  Samson; Pluto was Mrs Creigh’ Beaucaris Marcus’ uncle, being brother to Marcus’ dam Mischief. At right –- Mr Bowles at WELKS show ’60 with the two leading ladies of the breed. He  was the 7th OEMC President (from 1963 until 1965) when ill health forced him to retire; he’s commemorated by the Fred Bowles Collar, Club award for Bitch of the Year. List of OEMC Presidents – Lord Arthur Cecil ’83-85, Dr Sidney Turner ’86-08, Lt-Col E Walker ‘ 08-14 & ’23-31, Mr Mark Beaufoy ’15-22, Mrs Jack Hardy ’31-’49, Mr Guy Greenwood ’49-62. Mr Fred Bowles was succeeded by Mrs Norah Dickin ’65-66, Mrs Lucy Scheerboom ’67-77 & Mrs Pamela Day ’78-’96.

His residence was Hammercliffe Lodge situated within twenty-two acres of formal gardens, paddock & pasture land, occupying a superb elevated position enjoying some of the finest views within the county. The property is constructed in local granite stone under a graduated Swithland slate roof within a courtyard setting of stables; the property is approached via a long tree lined driveway.’

Mr Fred Bowles must have been a happy man when purchasing Petronella & Prunella in 1934 from Miss Bell who bred them out of ch Havengore Bill’ dau Hermia sired by ch H- Bill’ grandson Uther Penarvon , taking also into consideration Hermia’ dam Nerica was sis to ch Uther P’ sire Rufus which means those two P- sisters were the result of an almost complete blend of the strains of resp Mrs Scheerboom & Miss Bell . He bred two KCSB reg litters before WW II – one out of Prunella sired by ch Havengore Christopher which gave Hammercliffe Gyn , exported to the States and became the grandam of the Knockrivoch brothers Eric & Hector , the other one was out of Deleval Paladin’ dau D- Rosamund sired by his own ch Uther Penarvon son  Herga Pluto , their son Hammercliffe Remus was also exported Mrs King of Atlanta Georgia but further on no single record as far as eventual progeny . After WWII, it was a desperate time for the breed fancy exemplified by Mr Bowles’ newspaper adverts dd ’48 – ‘Mastiff, Old English, no male breed in country, Mastiff Club anxious contact - owner with dog available for service. —Bowles, Ulverscroft - Leicestershire.' - His post-war brood ‘Mansatta Jana’ doesn’t track back to Hammercliffe Glyn as also the fact his first post-war litter containing ch Mansatta Vilna & successful studs Benedict & Jumbo were sired by the Glyn non-related Heatherbelle Rajah b Jan '49 and imported by Mrs AW Duke of Bearehill  - Brechin Angus Co.

The OEMC President 1931-1949, Mrs Jack Hardy née Frances Elizabeth Cunliffe Goodall b 1895, married  July 1914 Mr Jack Hardy b 1890. Shortly afterwards, he joined the Army Service Corps and left for France as Equipment Officer. He was killed during the battle at Loos Sept ’15. He was the  younger son of Mr George Hardy 1832-1894 of Pickering Lodge Timperley – Cheshire , proprietor of the Hardys Crown Brewery  - see at left - at Renshaw Street Hulme – Manchester and its taphouse The Crown Hotel at No 89. Mr George Hardy was a renowned botanist , in particular re orchids and left a legacy exceeding £500.000. Centre – Hardys Well at Wilmslow Road South Manchester, one of the numerous pubs owned by  Hardys Crown Brewery.

She was the only daughter of Rev Charles Goodall, MA & vicar of St Thomas – High Lane village nr Stockport Manchester. Mrs Jack Hardy’ mother Ruth Cunliffe b ‘55, married in ‘87 Rev Charles Goodall ’50-11.  She was the only daughter of Mr James William Cunliffe ’29-08, of Overlea Park House Fernilee Whaley Bridge Chapel-en-Le-Frith – capital of the Peak district -, Mrs Jack Hardy’ maternal grandfather Mr JW Cunlliffe was partner of ‘Symonds, Cunliffe & Co calico printers’. Their Print Works at Handforth were  originally built in ‘61. Four very large sheds were added in 1910 and a few years later the War Office decided they should be used as a ‘Concentration Prison.’ - See below at left.

Mrs Jack Hardy married January ’21 at Sevenoaks Mr Robert Nelson Thorn b ‘98, son of Mr Charles Thomas Thorn of Heathfield Inworth Essex, owner of the Crown Brewery at Tiptree, builder & contractor. The marriage may not have last long as the OEMC Handbook ’29 mentions her as ‘Mrs Jack Hardy’ residing at  Swanston House  , an imposing ‘Arts and Crafts’ village house in the heart of Whitchurch-on-Thames and owning Swanston Thunderer - see centre at 8y old -  b ’26 & bred by Westcroft breeder Mrs C Kennett out of ch Westcroft Cleopatra sired by ch Westcroft Blaise.

In ’45 at Whitchurch on Thames Mrs Jack Hardy married Mr Maurice Edward Burt b ’02 Chale - Isle of Wight. At the end of ’48 she resigned as President on going to live in South Africa – departure to the Cape in ‘52. Mr Maurice Edward Burt was the youngest son of the Burts, who had six sons and two daughters. Maurice was born on April 10th 1902 in the small village of Chale on the Isle of Wight. As a teenager, he watched his five brothers go off to fight in World War One; angrily he rode his bicycle down to enlist, but was too young. In March of 1921, a nineteen year old Maurice sailed to St John New Brunswick on the ‘Scandanavian’. He made his way to his brother Charlie’ home, in Ontario right across from Buffalo. Two years later, he married Miss Clara Elizabeth Taylor -  above at right – Clara E Taylor & Maurice Edward Burt) of Woodlawn farm in Oakfield nr Buffalo. In the 1925 Batavia City Directory they were living together; his occupation is a machinist. In 1929, the City Directory still lists them living together, but sometime during this year, Maurice took off to his brother’s house in Canada. Clara hired a private detective who managed to track him down; Maurice told Clara he would return to her, but he never did, thus further shattering Clara’ fragile personality. Records tell us that by the 1930 Census, Clara is a roomer living with two other couples and she is a dressmaker. A Toronto City Directory from 1938 places Maurice in Broadview near Toronto. What became of Maurice? We are not sure, but one newspaper clipping has a Maurice Edward Burt—late of the Royal Canadian Engineers—‘very quietly’ marrying Frances Elizabeth Cunliffe Hardy in October of 1945 in Whitchurch, United Kingdom. This does sound like our Maurice, as he would have wanted to finally get his chance to fight like his older brothers, and he would need to marry quietly as he was still married to Clara who died in '58.

OEMC Presidents – 1) Lord Arthur Cecil ’83/85     - 2) Dr Sidney Turner ’86/08  - 3) Lt-Col Zaccheus Walker ’08/14  - 4) Mr Mark Beaufoy ’15/22   - 5) Lt-Col Zaccheus Walker  ’23/31  - 6) Mrs Jack Hardy ’31/49 -  7) Mr Guy Greenwood ’49/62-   8) Mr Fred Bowles ’63/65  - 9) Mrs Norah Dickin ’65/66  - 10) Mrs Lucy Scheerboom ’67/77  - 11) Mrs Pamela Day ’78/96   - 12) Mrs Phil Greenwell ’96/07  - 13) Mr Graham Hicks  ‘07/11 - 14) Mr Raymond Boatwright  ‘11/12 - 15) Mrs Maria Julia Manfredi ’12/17.

Miss Maria Julia Manfredi b 22 09 ‘52 – 17 06 ’17 of Prixcan Mastiffs – see at right ch P- Countach - The Laurels Ruthyn Ave Barlborough  - right next to the extremely busy M1 motorway - was the daughter of Mrs Anthony J Manfredi b ’33 & Mrs Brenda née Pass of ‘Manfredis Ice Cream est 1905’ 58 Newgate Street Worksop – 8 mls from Barlborough – ‘Manfredis have been making and delivering fresh homemade luxury ice cream to our own unique recipe for over a hundred years. Our fabulous ice creams are well known within the local areas of Bassetlaw, Gainsborough, Worksop, Doncaster, Retford and Mansfield. We have over 18 traditional ice cream vans which travel offering delicious ice creams to our customers within the local areas. Our ice cream vans are also available for private hire for special events.’ - In ’70 she married Mr Peter E Miles b ’46, and later on  Mr Anthony J Harrity b ‘50 with whom she founded Prixcan kennels; they divorced ca ‘87/88. July ’10 she was appointed Director of Jutrad Ltd - total current net worth of £1.5m - incl Manager of The Conifers Nursing Home at Barnsley. Succeeded as director by her son Domenic Anthony Manfredi & Messrs John Dominic Manfredi & Anthony Constantine Manfredi.

The OEMC ch Show '07 catalogue judged by Miss Manfredi contains a 'Judge's Profile' which  says - belonged to these wonderful, frustrating, time consuming, money gobbling dogd and here I am twenty four years later and my heart is still ruling my head. -

Manfredis Blast from The Past - Jan ‘90 – ‘Sheffield Troubles - Wm Woortenbach, ice cream vendor, was brought up, charged with stealing a hand street organ value £10, the property Joseph Manfredi, ice vendor of Copper street Sheffield.’ - Sept ’91 – ‘Manfredi, ice cream dealer of Sheffield, was summoned for travelling on the Midland Railway without having a ticket.’ - May ’16 – ‘War Office Laxity - Augustus Manfredi, ice-cream dealer of Sheffield for using flare lamps’ ’ – Aug ’17 -  ‘An Italian ice-cream vendor, Cissie - Cecelia - Manfredi, was at Worksop fined 10s. for selling ice cream from a street stall.’  - Aug ’28 – ‘Sheffield Insurance Liability - hearing evidence for the defence, a jury Leeds Assises returned verdict not guilty in the case which Lewis Manfredi (18), ice-cream vendor of Sheffield, was charged with the manslaughter Muriel Falkner, aged 5, following a road accident.- Nov ‘37 – ‘Described as an Italian subject,  Andrew Manfredi (45), ice-cream vendor of 23a Old Hall Road Brampton Chesterfield, was charged at Chesterfield Borough Police Court on Monday.’ - Feb ’49 – ‘Dover magistrates yesterday imposed a fine of £300 or six months’ imprisonment, on Demenico Manfredi (57) Italian ice-cream vendor, of Russell Street Sheffield, who pleaded ‘Guilty’ to attempting to take £152 in English currency out of of the country. The notes were found concealed in the long pants widen he was wearing.’ -

The census records mention for ’91 Augustine Manfredi Italy Foreign Subject   ’69 - at 22 Lambert St Sheffield (together with the Carboni family) and a large Manfredi family at 47 Copper Street Sheffield; the census ’01 mentions Augustine ’69, Eliza  ’79,  Maria ’95 & John '01 - at 34 Marecroft Worksop, a close very near to the present location of Manfredis Ice Cream, ie  58 Newgate Street Worksop. So it probably was Mr Augustine Manfredi '69-27 who founded it and his son  John may have been the father of Mr Anthony J Manfredi.

Ch Master Beowulf’ breeder/owner Miss Ethel Hannah Harbur, b ’82 Southwark of 69 Rye Lane Peckham London dd ‘22. She was the daughter of Mr Frederick Charles Harbur ’42-’19, a newspaper dd ’86 mentions a/o – ‘A large sweetmeat sword was made by Mr Harbur, wholesale confectioner of 76 High Street Peckham, the gift of Major Thompson Ware, was won by a little girl’ as also re the Early Closing Bill of Sir John Lubbock. He also had a confectionery shop at Old Kent Road Peckham.

At left - photographic view of Rye lane, one of South London' main shopping streets, looking north from the junction with Choumert Road. Prominent is the tower of the Tower Cinema off the railway line - can be seen just above the delivery vans -, in the mid 1920s one of the five cinemas on Rye Lane It may be plausible Miss EH Harbur was in her father’ business and ran also confectionery shop at No 69 nearby those places of mass entertainment. Miss Ethel Hannah Harbur married in ’25 at Camberwell Mr Thomas R Beacom ’70-33, a company director. She died in ’65 at Bournemouth. At right – a photograph of Miss Harbur’ Alec publ in the French canine paper L’Eleveur dd Feb ’28, arguably presenting her only Mastiff who gained show prizes, ie ch Master Beowulf b March ’20 - campaigned until the end of ’24 - out of King of North’ dau Jessica’ 2nd litter sired by Berenice’ son Beowulf. Master Beowulf is line bred to Mr  AW Lucas' brindle Survivor being paternal grandsire & maternal great-grandsire. 

OEMC Secretary Mr Arthur W Lucas ’62-24, parchment maker of 'Beech lodge' The Woodlands Isleworth nr Richmond (formerly of Rye nr Hastings) was arguably  the most successful breeder of his era having bred a/o ch Colonel  Cromwell,  ch Marchioness & ch Countess Invicta. His stud Survivor b ‘08  was not a show dog but had a first-class pedigree, being mainly the result of linebreeding to  ch Peter Piper'  sire Tom Bowling b ’91 along his children Invicta, Mellnotte  & Joan supplemented by  Tom Bowling'  sis Stella III, ch Peter Piper' maternal uncle Robin &  Mr Leadbetter' ch Marksman.

Master Beowulf’ littermates were Baretta owned by breed celebrity Mr WK Taunton & Hellingly Queen Bess’ granddam Lady Kathleen owned by Mr W Adams. The 1st Jessica/Beowulf litter was born Sept ’19 and contained the brindle ch Bricket Hood owned by Mrs E Ravenscroft of 38 Lancaster Park – Richmond and Westcroft Fritillary owned by Westcroft breeder Mrs C Kennett. Note - Miss EH Harbur may have been in dogs earlier on as an advert dd ’15 reports about the sale of – ‘sister of that big winner Betsy Prigg (ed – Bulldog?) and a neutered 10m old fine big apricot’ – Apply Miss Harbur 108 High Street Clapham SW – four mls from Rye lane.

Above - at left vintage image of an English confectionery shop in Beamish’ Open Air Museum.– At right a photograph published in Hutchinson’ Dog Encyclopaedia ’34 – Mastiff chapter written by Hellingly breeder Mr Oliver who mentions that ‘the pedigree of Beowulf’ grand-dam (ed – Buena Ventura) is unknown’ meanwhile omitting to inform that Beowulf’ grandsire was the outstanding ch Hazlemere Ronald. Further on he claims that ch Master Beowulf’ dam (ed – Jessica) was of first-class breeding but also the pedigree of Jessica’ grand-dam (ed – Connie) is unknown! In connection with Miss Harbur’ confectionery background, the  remark about his ‘taste' sounds too funny. Note – It looks as if the photograph is ‘touched up’ off the tail - to verify – see another pic of ch Master Beowulf taken by the same photographer, ie Mr Hart. The bullyness in type seems to be caused by three points, ie the trapezoid form of muzzle, the forward ear set & the shortness in back.

Miss Harbur’ brood Jessica b ca ’16 was out of Marwood Pride – Connie unr ex Salisbury’ son Stapleford Pedro -. Marwood Pride was bred by Mr George W Mannering  b ’72-46 of Marwood kennels Breaston – 9 mls from Nottingham -. Pride’ sire Stapleford Pedro was arguably owned by BM breeder Mr JH Barrowcliffe, watchmaker of nearby Stapleford.

Miss EH Harbur’ ch Master Beowulf collected not less than 7 cc's in years with only half a dozen cc shows but, above all, shall be remembered as the sire of breed stud pillar ch Havengore Bill (see at left & centre), a stocky apricot b May '25 with interesting progeny, ie double grandson ch Havengore Christopher, grandson Miss Ianthe Bell' ch Uther Penarvon and grand-daughter Mr Fred Bowles’ ch Petronella. Ch Master Beowulf’ half year older brother the brindle Bricket Hood owned by Mrs E Ravenscroft got three cc’s, ie at Ranelagh ‘21 under Mr Hunter Johnston – res Master Beowulf, at KC Olympia under TG Hutt – res Ashenhurst Duke and at LKA ’22 under Mr AW Lucas – res Ashenhurst Duke, the latter known as the sire of Crescent Rowena, dam of ch Havengore Bill. At Crufts ’22 Mr RJ Burch put up for sale his Poor Joe £50, two years later he sired Miss Bell’ foundation stud ch Woden; at the same show Mr E Ravenscroft’ ch Bricket Hood was also  for sale but at £100 -  he left no significant progeny.

It here goes about Mrs Ella Mildred Ravenscroft née Selby b ’94 who married in ’21 at Kensington the widower Mr Leonard Staines Ravenscroft ’67-’34, and the name ‘Bricket Hood’ may have been  some trifling wink to the grotesque ‘law wig’, her husband being the 12th child of the late Burton Edward Ravenscroft '14-73, a prominent law wig maker whose family business merged   in '02 with  of 'Ede & Ravenscroft Co' est 1689 which has upheld its reputation as tailors of distinction. Meticulous craftsmanship has rewarded the company with commissions from royalty to the judiciary. Ede & Ravenscroft enjoys the privilege of being the tailors and robe makers of choice for twelve coronations. We provide ceremonial robes for all occasions, dress the judiciary (including providing handmade wigs) and ensure that graduates from all over the world look their best at graduation ceremonies.' 

At left ch Bricket Hood’ 18m old brindle sire Beowulf bred/owned by Miss Cecile Mavie Garland b ’66 of Moorlands Wallington – ten mls SW of Peckham - out of Berenice sired by Mr AW Lucas’ brindle Survivor. Berenice was one of the ten littermates b '07 out of, reportedly, a very typical fawn Mastiff bitch, ie Buena Ventura unr sired by the supreme ch Hazlemere Ronal bred/owned by Mr Robert Leadbetter. Miss Garland was the daughter of Mr John Garland b '39 Sevenoaks - Kent , renowned head gardener of Sir Thomas Dyke Ackland of Killerton House - Broadclyst, Bart & MP. At right – Leonard’ older brother Mr Ernest Ward Ravenscombe ’59-28, Wig maker at Lincoln’ Inn - London whereas Leonard was reported as robe maker & merchant.

Leonard was also  the nephew of Mr Francis Wall Mackenzie Ravenscroft, manager of the Birkbeck Bank est 1851 founded by his father Humphrey. This uncle Francis    died in ’02 leaving the sum of £103,940. He made one public bequest and the greater part of his fortune he left to his family; the family genealogical tree went to his nephew Leonard Staines Ravenscroft. In  1910, when its balance sheet totalled £12.26m and it had 112,817 accounts, the Birkbeck Bank suffered a run on its deposits. Continuing rumours about its financial position and a climate of depreciation in gilt-edged securities led to a suspension of payments in June 1911 and  the Birkbeck Bank went into receivership.

OEMC Secretary Mr Arthur William Lucas b Camberwell '61-24 (see his portrait dd Dec ’01 at left). His address publ in the successive Crufts catalogues changed several times, ie from 84 Rotherhithe New Road London SE ’92 to Military Road Uppercliffe Rye nr Hastings in ’96, then Blackthorn Cottage (see centre) Tolson Road Isleworth in ’99, and finally Beech Lodge (next to Amwell villa – see at right) The Woodlands Isleworth nr Richmond  . He married in '89 at Greenwich Hannah Rollington- and was a parchment maker, ie writing material made from specially prepared untanned skins of animals—primarily sheep, calves & goats and has been used as a writing medium for over two millennia. He bred a double dozen KCSB recorded litters, his last one dd Sept ’13 out of Survivor’ daughter Aimée sired by Miss Garland’ Beowulf resulting in the brindle bitch Jean, ch Master Beowulf' paternal half sis whereas her maternal grandsire was also grandsire to his dam Jessica.

The following year was an ‘annus horribilis’. August 4th Great Britain declared war on Germany. In November his son Walter Rollington Lucas b ‘92 Bermondsey – Southwark London  was killed in an accident at King Street Hammersmith  - ‘Thursday, before Mr. Fordham, Joseph Henry Doyle Hamel (39), described a doctor, Clydesdale House Isleworth, was charged with being drunk while in charge motor car, and further   with the manslaughter of a man named Walter Rollington Lucas’ - and a newspaper dd Dec ’14 mentions – ‘Arthur Willam Lucas, a parchment maker of Beech Lodge The Woodlands Isleworth said his son (ed – arguably Stanley John W b ’91 St Saviour Southwark) had been in business in New York, and two weeks ago there was a bill issued for young Englishmen in that city to come and join the colours England – wrote home saying that it was his intention to return to England.’ Given the circumstances arguably Mr Lucas didn’t show Mastiffs any further until his very last result, ie in ’20 at KC Crystal Palace with his Jean -  2nd Limit prize under Mr WK Taunton – cc went to ch Lady Lieve owned by Miss Garland’ friend Miss Alice S Pope b '77 of Oakfield Borehamwood - Herts  – 2nd Open ch Miss Bull 3rd ch Young Mary Bull. Miss Pope’ Gathnel (Lady Lieve’ maternal half brother) secured 3rd prize preceded by ch Weland & Collyhurst Squire' son Beeches Brunna.

The link Lucas vs Camberwell is also present in the 1881 census  describing the Lucas family residing at 3 Barkworth Rd Camberwell (ed - 3mls SE of the City) - Edmund Thomas Lucas b ‘34 Brockenhurst Hants d '93 - Elizabeth Susannah née Bunyan b ‘42 Hepworth Suffolk - Arthur William b ’61 – Alice Florence b ’69 – Edwin Lloyd b ’78 & Jessie Maud b ’81. Another fact thereto is that in 1934-35 & 1954-55 James Walter Frederick Lucas b ’78 became Mayor of Camberwell. The 1911 Census describes him as a ‘laundry manager’. The Lucas Gardens - see above at right - at  Peckham Road Camberwell are named after him.

Above at left – Marchioness b March ’01 & bred by Mr AW Lucas out of Lyndhurst Jenny sired by Dalston Benedict, the latter owned by the Bywater kennels (Mssrs Barnes & Taunton).  Mr Lucas bred a litter dd Oct ’02 from Marchioness sired by Black Prince. Their daughter Gipsy Girl, together with her dam Marchioness & ch Colonel Cromwell’ sis Lady Claypole, were purchased by Helmsley breeder Mr Edward Spalding b ’51-15 of 4 Helmsley Terrace London Fields – Hackney London (later on of Brent House Harlow Common – 20 mls N).

Mr Spalding made up Marchioness ending up with ten cc’s. In ’03 he repeated Mr Lucas’ combination Marchioness/Black Prince resulting in (Helmsley) Sir Bedivere, thus full younger brother to Gipsy Girl. A year later Mr Spalding mated ch Colonel Cromwell’ sis Lady Claypole to Mr Lucas’ Black Prince which gave Helmsley Viscount, Helmsley Judith (1 cc) and the brindle ch Helmsley Defender (see below). The actor Charles Aubrey Smith owned two Mastiffs bred by Mr Lucas, ie Invicta’ fawn son ch Colonel Cromwell b ’99 (see below) and the brindle Eleanor, b June ’04 out of Princess unr sired by Black Prince; in ’07 Eleanor was transferred to brindle adept Mr WK Taunton and won several prizes. Centre image - parchment makers in action - at right - Mr A Peters’ confectionery show at London Road off Spring Grove only few hundred yards from Mr Lucas’ residence ‘Beech Lodge'.

The first KCSB mention of Mr AW Lucas of ‘Rotherhithe’, ie ‘Stafford House 86 New Road Rotherhithe SE - formerly resided by Mr Martin Deavin ‘builder (see-saws) ’28-’84 & his son Martin George b ‘59, Auctioneer who went bankrupt in ’91 - was Mr Lucas’ Earl Stafford who got  2nd puppy class at Crufts ’93 under Stafford breeder Mr Albert Andrews – 1st Mr Woolmore’ Lady Sybil b Feb ’91 out of Maggie May sired by Carshalton Prince. Earl Stafford b Feb ’92 was out of Mr Lucas’ Erna sired by Sir Stafford’ son Robin owned by Mr Woolmore. Erna b April '88 was bred by Rev Nicholas Patrick Drew, of Millwall - Isle of Dogs, out of Kits Freya sired by Rev Van Doorne’ ch Jack Thyr. At Crystal Palace April ’94 Earl Stafford got a VHC under Mr Charles Court Rice – ‘An enormous dog, wanting substance, narrow in breast and not good in forelegs. His head is large, and although a little long and narrow, has no conspicious failing. Eyes Excellent.’ -  At Crystal Palace Oct '92 Dr JS Turner gave   Earl Stafford' sire Robin 2nd prize Open class reporting - 'He is too small, but fairly typical and sound.'   Or one of the many examples  Mastiff breeding    seems  to be unpredictable taking also into account Earl Stafford' maternal grandsire ch Jack Thyr was also not 'an enormous dog' but only 28 1/2 i at shoulder and weighing 156lb.

Nov ’91 – ‘On Thursday, in the Queen's Bench Division, £15 damages were awarded to the 7y old boy whose father sued the Rev Nicholas Patrick Drew '54-92, a Roman Catholic priest - clerk in holy orders - of St Edmund's Westferry Rd Millwall - Isle of Dogs,  for injuries inflicted on the lad by the defendant's Mastiffs. Probably the associations with his his place of residence induced him to keep dogs on his own account. At any rate, he possessed himself three Mastiffs, and with the most disastrous results, for the animals took to biting, and and his reverence, sued in court for damages, was mulcted in the sum and costs the amount £80. Unable to meet this charge, he appeared the Court of Bankruptcy on Saturday, asking receiving order. There no need to put the moral of this experience.’

Rev Drew’ foundation brood Kits Freya was out of Hereward’ dau Varna sired by Paddy (Norah ex Inman’ Bruno). Note - A Mastiff called ‘Hereward, brother to Big Ben’ son Wallace b ’72 who fathered Dr Turner’ Cedric The Saxon, was owned by St Bernard fancier Mr David Elphinstone Seton b ’28,  MD of Ivy House Barnet Rd Ganwick Corner Herts.   Isle of Dogs being only four miles away from Rotherhithe Mr AW Lucas arguably took up the opportunity to purchase his foundation brood Erna bred by Rev  NP Drew at low cost due the latter’ bankruptcy.  - Varna was perhaps sis to Sybil b Aug ’78 & bred by Mrs E Cunliffe Lee out of ch Wolsey’ brother Prince’ dau Venus sired by Big Ben’ son Hereward.

The also Roman Catholic Rev Father Henry KE Van Doorne of Brixton probably got Erna’ sis Etan as stud fee and the other sis, Rev Drew’ Maevh, was mated to Rev Van Doorne’ Orlando II producing Nuneaton Lion’ great-grandam Ethna purchased by a Mr WH Curtis and transferred to Mr John O’Connell. At left – The Roman Catholic church St Edmunds & vicary Westferry Rd Millwall Isle of Dogs.

Up to ’11 Mr Lucas was a regular exhibitor with, aside Princess Staffordia bred by Mr Andrews & Peter Piper’ sire Tom Bowling b ’91 - VHC Open class Crufts ’97 -, some twenty ownbred Mastiffs, ie Pretty Correct, ch Invicta (2 cc’s), Chieftain (1 cc), Lady Claypole, Black Prince (1 cc), Invictus, Zaza (1 cc) , Paula, Marcus Superba (1 cc), Victorious,  Prince Superbus (1 cc) , Reliance, Frivolity (1 cc), Lauriston, Beech Bess & Lady Doreen who got 2nd prize at Richmond ’11 when his 'friend' Mr Edward Spalding awarded the cc to Mr RJ Burch’ Sam’ Sweetheart unr.

Richmond 1901 report by Mr Chas H Lane – 1st Open Class – Invicta, a huge sized dog, dark fawn in colour with black muzzle, shown rather fat, with a good skull, inclined to be open in feet, but a stylish dog’ – 2nd Ch Holland’ Black Boy 3rd Mellnotte – ‘A dark fawn, rather long in muzzle and open in feet.’ – re Lady Claypole – ‘A golden fawn, in nice condition, pale marlings on muzzle, and not a good mover’. Dr JS Turner re Invicta – ‘1st Open class - A fine upstanding dog with good skull but only fair in muzzle; his body is good and is fairly on his pins, his hind legs having improved of late’. – re Mellnotte – Limit Class commended – ‘Small in body and too full eye.’ A classy report about their cousin ch Peter Piper judged by Mr Henry Wilkinson, of 43 Albert Rd Appleton nr Widnes -breeder of a/o ch Marc Antony’ son ch Marksman, at Liverpool ’97 – ‘No mistake was made in placing PP first, as he never have looked better, and he showed himself quite gay and sprightly, showing off to advantage his many good qualities; 2nd ch Marc Antony.

As aforementioned Mr Lucas bred three champions but never had the pleasure to make up one himself but has exported several of his prize winners, a/o Invicta,  Invicta’ daughter Paula (see head study at right) & Invicta’ grandson Marcus Superba. While residing at Undercliff Rye he bred four litters,ie three out of Sir Stafford’ daughter Di Vernon , one sired by Jonathan’ brother Premier & two by Tom Bowling (sons Invicta & Mellnotte); the other one was out of Earl Stafford’ sis Abbess sired by Tom Bowling which produced Chieftain - cc winner at Crufts ’99 under Dr JS Turner. . At left – Rye’ major place of interest – Ypres castle located Undercliff Rye.

His five last litters were bred at Beech lodge – two out of Frivolity b ’05 -  his Chieftain’ daughter Queen Ernestine ex Mr Burch’ Mellnotte -  a) sired by Black Prince’ son Adam & b) sired by Black Prince’ son Murdered Monarch owned by Mr WK Taunton resulting in Lady Doreen – one out of Frivolity’ sis Oscott Nora sired by Murdered Monarch producing Brindled Prince, who sired ch Lidgett Viscount, out out of Gyrlie unr sired by Survivor which gave Ruthless Defender & King of North and finally one out of Lady Doreen’ dau Aimee sired by Miss Garland’ Beowulf. 

Mr Robt Leadbetter reported at Birkenhead ’07 – ‘In the Novice class, which was a large one, Mr Aubrey Smith’ Murdered Monarch (ed -bred by AW Lucas) accounted for 1st, he is one of the best bodied Mastiffs I know, with wonderful well spring ribs, his legs and feet are good, and he has a nice head, a little wanting in wrinkle and depth of muzzle.’ At Birmingham Dec ’07 Mr Edwin Brough wrote – ‘In Novice Dogs Murdered Monarch won easily. He moved well and is a nice all-round dog, but small.’-

Mr Lucas judged Mastiffs eight times at cc level wherefrom three at Crufts. His 1st cc judging was at Birmingham ’08  - cc Lt-Col Z Walker ch Lord of The Manor res Mr Cook’ ch Felix & cc ch Countess Invicta res Duchess (both bred by him & owned by Lt-Col Z Walker). Next time was Crufts ’12 – cc ch Brompton Duke res Lord of the Isles & cc Brompton Duchess res Sam’ Sweethart. At Crufts ’13 he awarded the cc to ch Brompton Duke res Grand Duke & cc ch Charming Duchess res ch Brompton Duchess. At LKA May ’14 cc ch Lidgett Viscount res ch Brompton Duke & cc ch Charming Duchess res Polly Gwynne. At LKA ’20 cc Count Willington res ch King Baldur & cc ch Young Mary Bell res ch Miss Bull. At Birmingham ’21 cc Lt-Col Z Walker’ Storm Cloud res Beeches Brunna & cc ch Young Mary Bull res ch Miss Bull. At LKA Richmond ’22 cc  ch Bricket Hood res Ashenhurst Duke & cc ch Lady Lieve res ch Westcroft Cleopatra. At Crufts ’23 - cc ch Master Beowulf & cc Westcroft Cleopatra res Westcroft Chloe.

Three out of four Heatherville Duke’ grandparents were sired by Mellnotte b ’97 & bred by Mr AW Lucas, the fourth, ie Nunaton Molly being great—granddaughter of Maevh, sis to Mr AW Lucas’ foundation brood Erna. Heatherville Duke - born August 1910 & bred by Mr John George Joice of Middleton-St-George (card provenance – Keighley Bradford 40 mls NE Manchester) out of Salisbury’ daughter Oscott Shielah sired by Mr George Cook’ brindle ch Felix. In ’12 Duke got two reserve cc’s, ie at Darlington ’12 under ‘Our Dogs’ editor Mr Theo Marples and at Edinburgh under Mr Fred Gresham. At Crufts ’13 Mr AW Lucas gave him 3rd prize Limit – cc ch Brompton Duke – res Lt-Col Z Walker’ Grand Duke. 

Mr Thomas Bowser Coates Longstaff ’80-’35 of Willington - Durham mated Heatherville Duke to his Lusitania resulting in Mr George Cook’ Mars & Count Willington, the latter 2rd Open Dogs at Kensington ’16 under Mr Hunter Johnston – 1st Miss Gertude Heathcote’ Brindled Monarch b ’15 & bred by Mr A Brookes out of Parkgate Duchess sired by Lidgett Conqueror.  Miss Heathcote of 25 Greycoat Gardens Westminster SW purchased a fawn puppy b Feb '15 & bred by Cleveland breeder Mr George Cook out of Jollesby Lass sired  by Mars - out of Lusitania sired by Heatherville Duke -. Mrs Heathcote also owned Oakwood Rex b  '25 & bred by Miss Hitchings out of Brunhilde sired by ch Ashenhurst Cedric.

Cleveland breeder Mr George Cook, butcher at Marton Middlesbrough, used Heatherville Duke’ son Count Willington to his  Adam’ Last which gave Adamite G2 who, on his turn mated to his paternal half sis Gascoigne Queen produced ch Weland and Adamite mated to Tilly Dunn gave Ashenhurst Duke who fathered ch Ashenhurst Cedric, grandsire of Mr JG Joice’ ch Arolite. He also used Count Willington to his Cleveland Princess which gave Adamas G2 , who sired ch Cleveland Premier G3 out of Adamite’ daughter Vilna.

Crufts catalogues of the late XIX c indicate the majority of entered Mastiffs were put up for sale at prices averaging £100 which was in 1900 more than the yearly income of a Constable ( £72) or about the half of the yearly income of a teacher (£150-200) whereas the average price of a three-bed terraced house incl garden was about £300. At Crufts ’95 Black Peter’ sire Jonathan at £50 (later on exported to Mr John O’Connell Australia). At Crufts ’97 Ch Peter Piper’ sire Tom Bowling was put up for sale at £95 and purchased by Mr AW Lucas from Mr HG Woolmore who bought him at Crystal Palace Oct ’91 – the then judge Mr Richard Cook mentioned – ‘Tom Bowling, seven months old,  has a grand head, and stands upon good legs. His chief fault is a somewhat short barrel.’  Mr Dobbelmann’ Black Peter at £200 and sold to Dr Lougest – Boston, ch Peter Piper at £5000 (in ’96 £1000). At Crufts ’99 Mr AW Lucas put up for sale Mellnotte at £20 - purchased by Mrs A R Burch, and Invicta at £250 – three years later  (Sept ’02) at 5y of age exported to the Philippine Islands, specifically to the capital Manila then harassed by a major outbreak of cholera.    At Crufts ’01 he put up  Marchioness at £100 and ch Colonel Cromwell’ sis Lady Claypole at £55, both sold to Helmsley breeder Mr Edward Spalding.

   A Stock-keeper advert dd March ’97 mentions – ‘Tom Bowling for disposal at stud till sold, fee 4 guineas - 4m old dog & bitch by Earl Warwick b ’94 – £15 each, these will be winners  - Lucas - Rye.' - Dd May  '97 - 'Two magnificent brindled pups by Tom Bowling, the sire of Peter Piper, the best Mastiff living, lowest price £15 each; also young bitch by Earl Warwick £15. Lucas Rye Sussex' - Dd July '97  - Pretty Correct served by Tom Bowling, 30 guineas, brindled pup Tom Bowling 15 guineas, fawn ditto 10 guineas; fawn dog 9m by Earl Warwick 15 guineas.' - Then adverts re Mrs RJ Burch’ Mastiff kennels mention puppy prices at £3.

Above at left – King of North’ brother Ruthless Defender b April ’10 & bred by Mr AW Lucas out of Gyrlie unr sired by Survivor. Ruthless Defender was ch Bricket Hood’ & ch Master Beowulf’ maternal grand-uncle. He was owned by Joshua Hodson Hoyle ‘82-29, cotton spinner & manufacturer of The Royd , Todmorden. He and his brother Philip established Caleb Hoyle Limited in 1923.-  At right - Boatswain b March ’82 & bred by Mr Mark Beaufoy out of ch Crown Prince’ sis Princess Royal sired by ch Beau.  Boatswain was exported to the German banker Mr Max Hartenstein - Plavia Kennels Plauen ca twenty mls from the Czech border.

Ch Peter Piper’ American challenger at Crufts ‘96 ch Beaufort’ Black Prince – see above at left - out of Gerda bred by Rev Van Doorne ex ch Beaufort - was imported Dec ‘95 by Wm Norman Higgs and sired two KCSB litters, ie 1) bred by the Bywater kennels out of Jonathan’ sis Joan producing Bywater Hector & B- Betty and 2) by Mrs Elizabeth Cunliffe Lee out of Coquette resulting in Cynesca, the latter purchased by Mr Fred Mc Krill who mated her to ch Marcella’ brother The Cadet resulting in the brindle champion Mr HH Taylor’ Clarice b ’98 who left no progeny. Mrs E C Lee’ Coquette was out of Weleda b ca end  '89 - bred by Rev Van Doorne out of Mr Lucas’ Erna sis Etan ex Orlando II – and sired by Squire unr which makes Mr E C Lee’ litter went back along both parents to Rev Van Doorne’ stock. Coquette’ breeder is unknown but Mrs E C Lee is also mentioned in a newspaper article dd ‘ Aug ’90 as the owner of Holda from the Rev Van Doorne’ 1st KCSB litter out of Dr Turner Cedric The Saxon’ dau Wunna sired by ch Orlando; Holda was full sis to Hertha and therefore Orlando II’ maternal aunt.

So perhaps it was the Reverend himself who bred Mrs Lee’ Coquette sired by the mysterious 'Squire unr'. The Reverend bred his last so-called KCSB litter dd May '91, namely out of Weleda sired by his ch Jack Thyr. He gave up Mastiff breeding probably overwhelmed by his troublesome life work at Brixton - the elephantine Corpus Christi church  - see above at right -  by John Francis Bentley, begun in 1886 though never finished due to lack of money - and sold his remaining stock. In 1901 the Reverend, being weary and ill, returned finally back to his parental house at Poeke - Flanders where died in ‘14.

Mrs EC Lee was already in Mastiffs in the 1870s. She mated her Venus  - b '75 & bred by Mr Nichols out of ch Turk' double granddaughter Jenny sired by ch Wolsey' brother Prince - to Big Ben’ Hereward producing Sybil KCSB 9358 b Aug ’78 and mated Sybil to ch The Emperor which resulted in Mr Edwin Nichols’ Bosco II* b Nov ’80, a/o 1st & cup at Hertford ’82 and the judge report says - 'has the framing of a good Mastiff of much the type of ch Pontiff but at the moment he wants filling out behind.' Bosco II became ch Victor Hugo’ paternal grandsire, the latter ch Peter Piper’ great-grandsire. Peter Piper’ pedigree contains another Sybil, ie his maternal granddam Chocolate Girl b March ’87 was stated by the KCSB as well as by authentic pedigree charts as - ‘by Ilford Chancellor out of Sybil, by Hereward out of Venus’ - but it seems obviously contradictive in time as this Sybil, then owned by Mr HG Woolmore, should have had an age of 8 1/2.    If Peter Piper was not out of Sybil’ granddaughter Selina it may, purely speculative, have been ch Lord Stafford’ sis Lady Pamela b Feb ’88 who produced a Woolmore litter by Tom Bowling dd June ’92 , a/o the brindle Sir Hugo - 1st Open Portsmouth ’93. 

Mrs Elizabeth Emily Cunliffe Lee b ‘24 at Manningham Hall nr Bradford, was the youngest daughter of Mr Ellis Cunliffe Lister-Kay ’74-53, Liberal politician House of Commons ’32-41, born as Ellis Cunliffe, the son of John Cunliffe of the ancient wealthy mill-owning Cunliffe family of Addingham. In 1809 his name was legally changed to Elllis Cunliffe-Lister under the will of his first wife' uncle, Samuel Lister. He built and leased four mills in Bradford and served as a JP. By 1837 Lister had erected Manningham Hall - see at left - nr Bradford for his two sons John b ’12 & Samuel b ‘15 and he took up residence there himself. Elizabeth Cunliffe Lee’ brother Samuel Hardy was made a peer in ’91 – 1st Baron Masham - and died in ’06 at Swinton Park. Their sis Harriette b '18– see  centre dd '64 -  m William Clement Drake Esdaile of Cothelstone House Somerset, barrister and founding secretary of conservationist group The New Forest Association - est in '67, the year his father Edward Jeffries Esdaile died at the family seat Cothelstone Manor, an estate consisting in 1791 of 11 farmhouses, 54 cottages and two dwelling houses.

Miss Elizabeth Cunliffe married in ’49 Mr William Vavasour Carter b ’24 of Weston Hall Yorks. He died in ’52 and two years later she married at Pancras Henry Lee ‘20 and had three children born at Exeter Devon , ie Henry b ’56 (Royal Military College Sandhurst) , Elizabeth Maria b ’58 & William b ’60. In 1862 her husband, a colonel of the 15th Kings Hussars, died at Penshurst Kent. In St Peter’ Church - Fordcombe three stained glass designs commemorate members of the Lee family from Redleaf in Penshurst: Colonel Henry Lee (died 1862, aged 42) and two sons – Henry ’56-86 & William ’60-82. North Lodge – see  at right -  newly built in 1872 as a lodge for the ‘old’ gothic revival Redleaf House - has on the front door four stained-glass panels created by Lawrence Lee, the distinguished local stained-glass artist. Penshurst census return for ‘81 does not specify the occupants of North Lodge as such but just named under the heading Redleaf and it also mentions Mr Elizabeth Cunliffe Lee as occupant of Penshurst’ Newhouse , being widow, together with her daughter Elizabeth and three domestic female servants, ie a housekeeper, a cook and a housemaid.

Quote from Rawdon Briggs Lee’ - A History And Description Of The Modern Dogs Of Great Britain And Ireland. – ‘It may not be out of place here to give a short description of some of the best Newfoundlands' kennels of the present day, but I cannot in justice do so without first travelling back a few years to bring in poor old Champion Nelson I, a dog that may well be said to have been the father of Newfoundlands in this country. In doing so I must not forget his breeder, Mrs Cunliffe Lee, a lady who has probably had little credit given her for the part she has played in producing several really first-class dogs. Nelson I was not large in size, but quite large enough, and answered well the above description of a Newfoundland. From this grand old dog we may trace the present race of high-class Newfoundlands, many of which I shall hereafter mention. From Mrs Lee he went to the kennels of Mr E Nichols (ed – who also bred first-class Mastiffs), and there he was mated with a bitch with pedigree unknown, named Jennie. From this alliance was produced, in the year 1881, a litter of six, all of which have left triumphant records in the exhibition world and Stud Book.’ - Mrs Elizabeth Cunliffe Lee  was keen on breeding and showing livestock a/o Jersey cattle, , breeds of cats & large breeds of dogs as the St Bernard , Bloodhound , Mastiff & Newfoundland. She died end ’96 at Penshurst – Sevenoaks.

At left – Published in The Stock-Keeper - Obituary of Mr Charles William Cunningham ’46-’96 of Marloes Rd Kensington Infirmary, the hospital facilities of St Mary Abbots Workhouse - at right -. He purchased the fawn Ormonde b '86 - ch Cambrian Princess ex ch Victor Hugo - after the death of his breeder & owner Mrs Geo Willins dd Dec '88 but sold him to the Am fancier Mr Chas E Bunn  soon. His next Mastiff was the fawn Garm - b July ’89 & bred by Rev Henry Van Doorne out of ch Jack Thyr’ dau Fjorda sired by Orlando II – in ‘91/92, the connection may have come from the fact the Kensington Infirmary had 'a Roman Catholic chapel and a room for a Roman Catholic chaplain' and so was Rev Van Doorne residing only five miles away.  At Crufts ’91 Rev Van Doorne put up for sale Garm at £100 mentioning his 2nd Novice class Crystal Palace ’90.

The name 'Garm' refers to the Reverend’ like for Old Norse names, ie Garmr - a dog or wolf associated with the underworld and the forces of destruction. There’s no KCSB mention until ‘93, ie owned by Mr CW Cunningham who renamed him ‘Justice Bruce’,  recipient of 1st & special at Kew, 1st at Guildford and his main win at Crufts under Stafford breeder Mr Albert Andrews winning  1st prize Open class (2nd  PP’ uncle Iron Duke) and ‘special prize value one guinea offerd by the OEMC for the best Mastiff dog, open to general competition’ – his paternal half brother, the light brindle ch Ogilvie b March ’89 got 1st prize in challenge class. Garm aka Justice Bruce left no KCSB reg progeny. 

Mr CW Cunningham also owned three bitches. 1) Marloes Lena b April ’87 & bred by ch The Emperor’ owner Mr Joseph Evans out of Miss Jummy – Dora ex ch Montgomery – sired by ch Victor Hugo. Dora b Aug ’83 & bred by Mr J Berry out of ch His Majesty King Canute’ sis Dorothy – Modesty ex Beau – sired by CP’ brother Prince Charlie. 2) Mandolo Queen b Dec ’88 & bred by Mr F Audibert out of a bitch – by Metz out of Lothringen – sired by ch Albert Victor (late Tanner) – 1st at Southampton ’89. 3)  Miss Lynwood b Dec ’92 & bred by Mr W Stephens of Lynwood Liverpool Rd Kingston upon Thames out of ch Beaufort’ dau Lady Lucy sired by ch Ilford County Member, but went back to her breeder in ’93 who owned Caesarian Invader b June ’82 & bred by Mr E Stevens out of Carshalton Punch’ dau Edel sired by Rev Van Doorne ch Frigga’ brother  Widar.

‘Justice Bruce’ arguably refers to Sir Gainsford Bruce ’34-12 of Yewhurst South Hill – Bromley, educated at Glasgow University. In ‘59 called to the bar at Middle Temple, in ‘83 appointed a Queen's Counsel,  in ’88 elected to Parliament for Finsbury and again  in ‘92 but in July before Parliament sat  he was appointed a Judge in the King's Bench Division and was knighted the same year. – Thursday May 11th ‘93 - Leeds Assizes - Justice Bruce’ first death sentence. - The prisoner Christiana Waddington née Atkinson b ‘63, domestic servant, living apart from her husband Nathan b ‘55 m ‘81, cohabited with a neighbour who deserted her the verge of her confinement. On December 28th she was admitted into the Leeds Union Workhouse, confined on January 23rd and discharged in February supplied with clothing for the child. When she left, she said she was going to take the baby to her parents at Halton. On March 11th  the dead body of a female child was found in a soft-water tank. Tuesday night March 14th she was taken into custody’ - His Lordship having assumed the black cap, sentenced to death Christiana Waddington for the wilful murder of her illegitimate daughter, aged five weeks, at Whitkirk – near Leeds. A week later the Home Office granted a reprieve. - Justice Bruce sat as a Judge until he retired in 1904 when appointed a Privy Councillor.

Justice Bruce & ch Ogilvie' common sire Orlando II b Aug ’87 out of ch Orlando’ dau Hertha sired by ch Orlando got 1st puppy class at Barn Elms & at Ilford July ’88, the latter under Ilford breeder Mr Richard Cook who reported – ‘Orlando II is a very massive dog for his age, with large skull, immense chest, and good forelegs, not good in his hind-quarters, and moves badly.’ – 2nd ch Beaufort’ son Lord Cobrey 3rd Burleigh, reserve ch Beaufort’ son Sir Stafford – ‘a finely grown puppy, too light in colour, and falls away too much behind the ribs’, - the latter known as ch Frigga Secunda’ sire & ch Peter Piper’ maternal grandsire. At the KC Alexandra Feb ’89 Capt JL Piddocke reported – ‘ Open class 17 dogs - reserve (4th) Orlando II has a grand skul frontipiece, with heavy bone, but appears to inherit the weakness of his sire ch Orlando.’ – 1st ch Hotspur’ son Constable 2nd ch Ilford Chancellor’ son Ilford Cato 3rd ch Orlando’ son Gelert. Mr Charles Court Rice mentions in his ‘The Past Year’ Stock-Keeper dd Jan ’90 – ‘Orlando II should do well if heads and foreparts could win alone, for his head is a picture on itself, but that development of skull was at the expense of hind-quarters, and he is arched in back and wanting in thighs’. -

Stock-Keeper’ adverts – June ’95 – Earl Warwick ‘the most perfect all-round Mastiff living’ £120 guineas. AW Lucas Rye.  - At Crufts '95 -- cc for ch Peter Piper - Mr WN Higgs mentioned re Novice class - '1st  Earl Warwick, a good mover with nice square head but muzzle a little twisted.' - Aug ’96 Fawn dog pup out of Glenside Sunshine sired by ch Ogilvie – 12 guineas. AD Sutcliffe 36 Great Ancoat Street Manchester. Sept ’95 – 3 dog puppies by Earl Warwick (reportedly short headed & typical) – from £5, 7 puppies by Premier – from £5, 3 four months old puppies from £12-20. AW Lucas Rye. Noble VIII Oct ’88 out of Carshalton Belle sired by Arabi twenty prizes £10 – Arthur Crapp MRCVS 426 Caledonian Rd London N. Nov ’95 – Wanted – extra large Mastiff dog for chain, colour no objection, no fancy prices. – T Chapman, grocer  of 2 Francis Street East Hull. Dec ’95 – 6m old dog grandsired by Mr WK Taunton’ ch Constable £4 4s – John Atkinson Armitage, druggist of King Street Dukinfield. Jan ’96 - Brindle bitch from the litter dd Sept ’95 out of Joan sired by Hidalgo, a/o also Baron Hotspur – Barnes 35 Appleby Rd Kingsland Rd London NE. Wallenstein b Aug ’90 & bred by Mr Harry Ralph out of Juno sired by ch Hotspur – Mr William Roach , veterinary surgeon of York House York Rd Exeter. Ronan 12m old £25 & Petrarch 9m old £20, the latter sold to Rev de Castro – Mr AW Lucas Rye.  - At Birmingham Dec ’97 Mr CC Rice reported about Novice class VHC Petrarch - b Aug 95 –  'He is little or no bigger than Ha-Ha, nor is he so good at the end of the muzzle. That he is well made in body, and good in limbs cannot be denied; but then there were no hope for our big ones if we failed to get these points good in midgets.’ -

A short-term breed fancier was Mr William Makinson b '47-03,  of  23 Lee lane Horwich nr Bolton and owner of the ‘Railway Saw Mills’ - Makinson & sons Ltd – Building contractors & joiners  at Makinson’ Timber Yard Winter Hey lane nearby Horwich Railway station.  The then largest local employer were the Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway Works built in ‘86  and manufacturing LYR locomotives at Horwich .

Mr Makinson   purchased in ‘89 General von Moltke’ sis Mona Queen b April ’88 & bred by Dr Lougest out of ch Orlando’ dau Gerda sired by ch Prince of Wales’ son Napoleon. His Mona Queen got in ’90 3rd prize at Liverpool – 1st Mr Andrews ch Lady Florida - & 1st prize at Birkenhead – 2nd Mr Henry Clay’ British Princess -; in ’91 2nd at Manchester – 1st Dr Turner’ Seabreeze - & 2nd at Southport. Mr Makinson mated her to following quality studs - 1) Mr Richard Cook' ch Ilford Chancellor which gave Ilford Hugo b July ’89 and to 2) Mr CC Rice' Sir Stafford which gave Florence Stafford & Queen Stafford b July ’91, both owned by Mr HW Makinson of Bolton.

Newspaper advert November 8, 1895 – ‘Mastiff fawn bitch b Oct ‘94,  with the usual perfect black markings, a splendid disposition, chief fault is being shy when out, capital yard dog, fit for exhibition and without a doubt will make a champion brood bitch , by David Garrick - well known as a winner at many prominent shows - ex Weleda, winner of 2nd  prize Birmingham, only time shown, thus it will be seen that her breeding is of the choicest. Price £5 10s - Joseph Leadbetter Fish Emporium   Crescent Fleetwood.’ – There’s a Joseph Leadbetter b ’76-02 residing at 43 Victoria Street Fleetwood, census ’91 - Fish merchant assistant - ’01 at 25 North Albert Street  - Book keeper Fish Trade. He was the 10th child of Richard Leadbetter -census ’02 25 North Albert Street -, prominent vessel owner and owner of several shops in Fleetwood, Preston & Manchester.These shops sold fish, poultry & game and he became affectionately known as 'Fish Dick'. A newspaper dd Jan ’27 'Mr Richard Leadbetter claims to be the oldest-smack fisherman following his occupation. He still goes to the fishing grounds in his smack (ed – sailing boat)’ – He died two years later at the age of 92. At left - The launch of the Harriet marking a new era in Fleetwood’ fishing industry – Mr Richard Leadbetter – the man with the stick.

Newspaper advert November 8, 1895 – ‘Mastiff fawn bitch b Oct ‘94,  with the usual perfect black markings, a splendid disposition, chief fault is being shy when out, capital yard dog, fit for exhibition and without a doubt will make a champion brood bitch , by David Garrick - well known as a winner at many prominent shows a/o 2nd  prize Birmingham - ex Weleda, thus it will be seen that her breeding is of the choicest. Price £5 10s - Joseph Leadbetter Fish Emporium   Crescent Fleetwood.’ – There’s a Joseph Leadbetter b ’76-02  acc to census ’91 - Fish merchant assistant - ’01  Book keeper Fish Trade, residing at the same address as his father   Richard Leadbetter, ie 25 North Albert Street , prominent vessel owner and owner of several shops in Fleetwood, Preston & Manchester. These shops sold fish, poultry & game and he became affectionately known as 'Fish Dick'. A newspaper dd Jan ’27 'Mr Richard Leadbetter claims to be the oldest-smack fisherman following his occupation. He still goes to the fishing grounds in his smack (ed – sailing boat)’ – He died two years later at the age of 92. At left - The launch of the Harriet marking a new era in Fleetwood’ fishing industry – Mr Richard Leadbetter – the man with the stick.

David Garrick b Sept ‘87 & bred by Captain JL Piddocke out of ch Crown Prince’ dau Toozie sired by ch Beaufort got indeed a 2nd  prize at Birmingham ‘94 in the Novice Class owned by Mr William Makinson of Railway Saw Mills Horwich and ‘Weleda’ may have been the one b ’89 and bred by Rev Van Doorne out of Mr Lucas Erna’ sis Etan sired by Orlando II. Mr James Hutchings reported Dec ’88 - ‘David Garrick but little inferior to his brother Lord Cobrey in markings, and was a cheap purchase for the lady (ed -Miss Anna Marion Hatherell) who I heard claimed him at his catalogue prize.’ - Dr JS Turner wrote Dec ‘89 - ‘though small, he is a nicely made dog with a nice skull, good ears and eyes; he is too small in muzzle, a far greater fault in a Mastiff [than a light full eye]. a fair all round dog, but lacks Mastiff character and expression in face, another breeding anomaly, seeing he is by Beaufort ex Toozie .’  Owned by Miss Anna M Hatherell, he got 2nd prize at Coventry ’90 – 1st Mr WK Taunton’ ch Constable Prince by ch Hotspur.

Mr Wm Makinson  campaigned David Garrick a/o at Preston July ’95 – ‘deep and square in face and nicely broken, ears well set and in far better condition than the winner Black Mask.’ – at Liverpool Jan ’96 3rd Open class – David Garrick should have given way to Streatham Queen, he has not the deep square face of the bitch, and though a dog, not much bigger.’  – 1st ch Peter Piper 2nd ch Marc Antony.

A newspaper article dd Dec ’03 mentions – ‘The death is announced at the age of 56 years of Mr William Makinson, one the most prominent inhabitants of Horwich. For nine years he was a member of the Local Board, and was twice president of tho Conservative Club, another one dd April ’14 mentions the youngest of his three sons – ‘Mr Moses Makinson b ‘78, of St Annes Road - Horwich, timber merchant of the firm of William Makinson and Sons - Horwich died under tragic circumstances.’

David Garrick' former owner was Miss Anna Marion Hatherell b 60, daughter of Lt-Col James Abraham Hatherell ’32-87 JP of Radford Hall - see above at left -Radford Semele nr Leamington, m in ’58 Miss Eliza Emily Butler, grand-daughter of James Butler, Baron of Dunboyne co Meath involved into  the Ceylon tea trade, ie the Ritnageria plantation at Talawakelle, 4400 ft above the sea. - Their daughter Miss Anna Marion Hatherell married in ’92 at Warwick RN Captain William Des Voeux Hamilton b ’53. And perhaps the couple went abroad and put up for sale their Mastiff David Garrick, the one purchased by Horwich’ timber man William Makinson. Captain Wm Hamilton made a steep career - promoted in 1903 to the rank of Rear-Admiral in the Mediterranean Fleet dated January 21th. She died at the Oxford Hotel  Strada Mezzodi Valletta - Malta on December 9th  1904. On  February 13th 1907 Hamilton was promoted to the rank of Vice-Admiral and died just two days later, of heart failure precipitated by Mediterranean fever. Here above at right adverts of the Great Britain Hotel Strada Mezzodi Malta. The Admiralty House was located in the same street.

Mr Thomas Williams Allen ’47-12 of South Bank House - see above at left - Aylestone Hill Hereford  was one of the early breed fanciers and a well respected judge at championship level, a/o at Birmingham ’90 1st Mr CC Rice’ Lord Stafford b Feb ’88 - 2nd Capt JL Piddocke’ 18m old Ogilvie, the latter – ‘possesses a better proportioned muzzle, has great height and size but he’s standing with his forefeet too close, want of condition and an appearance of below par, having little life and ‘go’ about him.' - In bitches 1st Ch Jubilee Beauty – ‘a most typical bitch, only would do with more size and bone.’ – Note - Mr TW Allen’ ch Montgomery sired the dams of resp Lord Stafford and ch Ogilvie.

He married in '72 at Hereford Miss Maria Louisa Barker b '51, daughter of Reverend Joseph Henry Barker ’09-03,  - Master of Arts of Christ' College - Cambridge and ‘surrogate for the diocese of Hereford’ who lived in the same house. According to Littlebury' Directory and Gazetteer of Herefordshire 1876-7, Mr Thomas Williams Allen was cashier at the Midland Bank 35 Broad Street – Hereford. The Commercial Gazette from London dd July 23, 1890 mentions Mr Thomas W Allen of Hereford as ‘bank manager’. His brother-in-law Mr Edwin Henry Lingen Barker of Shrub hill –Tupsley ’39-17   designed in the 1870s villas in Southbank Road – Kenilworth near Warwick; the road was created in 1873-4 by an unlikely property developer, the Rev Joseph Henry Barker, the chaplain of Hereford City Gaol (jail), who had inherited all the land on which the road and its houses now stand. He had hoped to cash in on the proximity of the railway and the popularity of nearby Leamington Spa to build villas to rent or sell to a wealthy Victorian clientele.’MR EH Lingen Barker became the leading school architect in England, designing 50+ schools in 18 counties’– Below at left – Letter by Mr Thomas Williams Allen published in The Stock-Keeper Nov ’95 - at right Hereford City Gaol at Commercial Road on the site of St. Guthlac's Priory; in 1902 the goal had cells for as many as 105 prisoners.

Mr TW Allen owned two famous champions, firstly Creole b ‘74 and bred by Rev WJ Mellor out of Big Ben’ Duchess sired by ch Wolsey’ brother Prince and bred a litter from her , b May 1879 and sired by Mark Beaufoy’ ch Nero containing a/o Olga, in his ownership 1st prizes at Bristol & Swindon. Later on he sold ch Creole sold to Charles H Mason who emigrated to the States. The second one was that important champion Montgomery b Feb ‘81 and bred by J Davies out of ch Colonel’ daughter Queen sired by ch Crown Prince - purchased via the late Jas Morris of Oswestry , the one who bred ch The Emperor’ dam ch Countess. James Hutchings, of Exeter Kennels, described him as following  - ‘Montgomery beats Brahma in size, colour of eye, and in skull, and for his age looked active and moved well, however disfigured by some old scars on his body.' - Other show remarks stated – ‘of excellent type, little short in body, little pinched in muzzle, very undershot, almost too short in head but wonderfully square, good legs but not well ribbed up.’  -

He bred two KCSB registered litters out of ch Turk’ granddaughter Gipsy sired by this ch Montgomery, a/o Monte owned by Joseph Royle of Manchester; Kaiser Frederick owned by DL Buchanan of Sheffield [later on by Henry Clay of Liverpool] - 36 ½ inches at the shoulder for 17 stones, neck circumference 33 i – ‘excelling in head but legs so crooked and loosely put together.' -; and finally the pair Duke Rollo & Conrad owned by JS Cockerton, Imperial Hotel Bournemouth who seemingly had made his fortune in gold mining at Te Aroha, New Zealand.  H

Besides champions Creole & Montgomery, Mr TW Allen owned Prince b ’73 & bred by Mr Emile Portier out of ch Turk’ dau Nell sired by Mr Green’ ch Monarch. At the death of Miss Aglionby in ’77 he purchased Magnus b ‘76 out of ch Lottie sired by ch Wolsey’ brother Prince.  Magnus was brother of Rupert & Ida, who produced a litter sired by ch Colonel, a/o Negress, dam of Dr Forbes Winslow’ ch Crown Princess and Dr John Sidney Turner’ foundation brood The Lady Rowena who gave six champions. A last KCSB mentioned one owned by TW Allen was Isaac Walton b June ‘89 and bred by Albert Andrews of Stafford - out of ch Lord Stafford’ sis ch Lady Florida sired by her grandsire ch Montgomery. Isaac Walton most probably refers to Stafford’ most famous son Isaac Walton 1593-1683 who had many facets to his life but mostly remembered as the author of thé fisherman’ bible ‘The Compleat Angler’, a unique celebration of the English countryside.

There’s another Allen in Mastiff breed history, ie Mr  Edgar Allen of Hilton House Westhoughton - 15 mls NW of Manchester - who was active in the 1st quarter of the XXc. In ’05 he bred a litter out of ch Hazlemere Ronald’ maternal cousin New York Belle sired by Hon WH Watts’ Kruger by ch Peter Piper resulting Mr Wm Rylands’ Archduke & Mr Allen’ The Victress. Seven years later Mr Allen bred a litter out of (Cleveland) Lady Protector sired by ch Lidgett Viscount which gave Mr Thomas Davies’ Lidgett Conqueror (res cc at Crufts ’14 under Lt-Col Z Walker) & Mr Allen’ Child Friend. He wrote dd Oct ‘33 a letter to the Editor of Our Dogs about the red colour in Mastiffs and stated that Mr Wm Price has told him that he resorted to a St Bernard cross and that as Lady Marton was in season he tried his luck. He goes on – ‘I took a young dog that I bred in 1905 to Lord Newton of Lyme Hall (Disley) and saw two red fawns there.’ – and ‘I gave up the breed in disgust ten years ago.’ –  But unfortunately Mr E Allen was confused as Lady Marton was never owned by Mr Price but purchased at an age of three or four years by Mr George Cook from Mr Bolckow of Marton Hall and bred from her a litter dd April ’97 sired by Mr Price’ Cleveland Duke resulting in Marton Princess who produced three litters for Mr G Cook before transferred to Mr Wm Price who mated her in ’04 to Mr John O'Connell Coeur de Lion’ son Caractacus which produced Cleveland Leopold acc to MR G Cook - 'probably the most noted sire of his time' weight 13 stone - height 30".   - Above at left Leopold incl double dewclaws- at right   Stockton' main  street where Mr Price had one of his shops.

But Mr E Allen, once more confused, remarked – ‘Is it possible that Marton Princess was breeding for 16 or 17 years after her birth? If so she must have been a wonderful bitch’. – In reality Marton Princess was not 17 but about 7 years old when she produced Cleveland Leopold - The Edinburgh Gazette , Dec 4 1891 - ‘William Price, grocer, provision dealer & beer seller; residing and trading at Swathmore Terrace, Mandale Road, also trading at 25 Eldon Street, Trafalgar Street & 18 Maritime Street, all in South Stockton, and lately trading at 119 and 120 High Street, Stockton-on-Tees .’ see at right.

Mr Allen owned Lord Rex b ’08 & bred by Mr Price out of Venus sired by Cleveland Monarch but put him up for sale, ie ‘Typical fawn Mastiff dog, black markings, 25 months, fit for exhibition, good on his legs, quiet with stock, determined watchdog, follows trap or cycle.’ – Lord Rex was purchased by Messrs Naylor & Lissimore and got a 3rd Limit at Birmingham &11 under Mr F Gresham – cc ch British Monarch.

Mr William Price b ’52 Llanmaes nr Wales’ South coast was a breeder of St Bernards and Mastiffs. He married Miss Eliza Williams at Easington. They moved to Thornaby - 20 mls S. The censuses ’91/01 mentions them at 7 Bon-Lea Terrace Mandale Road. The litter containing Cleveland Leopold was his last KCSB reg one. His 1st dd Sept ’85 was out of Mr Buchanan’ Sleet sired by John Bull out of Rose bred by Rev WJ Mellor - ch Gwendolen ex ch Rajah – sired by ch The Emperor, which gave the Welsh named Cadwallader purchased by Mr CA Lougest in ‘87/88. His 2nd out of Gwendoline unr sired by his Cadwallader resulting in Lady Aline b Aug ’87 – 3rd puppy class at Darlington ’88 owned by him – address Mandale Rd Thornaby - South Stockton. His 3th dd March ’93 out of Lady Constance  -ch Toozie ex ch Ilford Chancellor - sired by Mr W Edmondson’ Alfgar bred by Rev Van Doorne resulting in Cleveland Duke who sired Marton Princess. His 4th  dd April ’01 out of Cleveland Baroness sired by ch Peter Piper’ son Uncle Tom – their son Lord Harlech was owned by a Mr/Mrs/Miss J Keenan.  His 5th one dd '04   incl Leopold - out of Princess Marton sired by Caractacus b '98 who also sired Mr Allan W Goldie' Crufts '09 cc winner Prince Caractacus, b '06 - 33i tall but of sound construction.His last one dd Sept 10th '08 out of Venus unr sired by Cleveland %onarch which gave Lord Rex -  3rd Limit at Birmingham '11 owned by Naylor & Lissimore.

The ‘Five lamps’ pics show up 'Swarthamore Terrace'- resided by Mr Wm Price - at  the junction of George Street, Mandale Road, and Westbury Street - the left one into the direction of Middlesbrough – 4 mls E, the right one  into the direction of  Thornaby Town Hall’ clock tower.  The origin of ‘The five lamps’ is linked to the legend that Robert de Thormodbi (Thornaby) created a shrine to the Virgin Mary, lit by five sanctuary lamps in St Peter’ Church, to fufill a vow made during the Crusades. A drinking fountain erected in 1874 located at supported the original five gas lights which were commissioned by local Justices of the Peace. The structure became popular with public speakers, and was used as a gathering place to celebrate New Year when the Town Hall clock struck midnight.

Mr Price purchased Duke of Fife b Aug ‘89 and bred by Mr Wm Shearer Clark, wine & spirits merchant of Wishaw nr Glasgow and perhaps a fancier of royalty as Duke of Fife arguably refers to the marriage on Saturday 27 July 1889 between Lord Fife and Princess Louise, eldest daughter of the then Prince of Wales - the future King Edward VII; two days after the wedding, the Queen elevated Lord Fife to the further dignity of Duke of Fife. The Mastiff  Duke of Fife was out of ch Prince of Wales’ dau Lady Florence sired by Captain Marryatt – ch Prince of Wales’ dau sired by Mr Hutchings Beaumanoir’ grandson Edinburgh Duke -. Duke of Fife sired Cleveland breeder Mr George Cook’ foundation brood Marton Lady, formerly owned by Mr Carl Ferdinand Henry Bolckow ’36-15, the son of the great industrialist Mr Henry Bolckow ’06-78 of Marton Hall. Another Duke of Fife’ daughter, ie Lady Winifred, was mated to ch Hazlemere Archie and produced the exceptional ch Hazlemere Ronald. - At left – An unnamed street scene of Mastiffs; the burly man in front of a shop resembling well Duke of Fife’ breeder Mr Wm Shearer Clark of Wishaw– see insert – or is it his colleague shop keeper in Thornaby, ie Mr Wm Price?

Mr William Price commenced, reportedly, his grocery business in 1882 with no capital. - January 28, 1888 - 'At Stockton County Court, before Judge Tomer, William Price, grocer, South Stockton, sued John Nunn, dog fancier of Middlesbrough, for £2 4s. money, there being a counter claim of £21 19s.’ Two years earlier this ‘John Nunn’ was charged in ’86 with keeping eight dogs without having licenses for them and in ’76 he had been sentenced to eighteen months hard labour at the Middlesex Sessions for practising the ‘dog stealers trick’.

  A lady named Charlotte Elizabeth Bain lost her dog, advertised for it, was introduced by the prisoner to another man in low district  Hoxton who had the animal in his possession, and was obliged to pay ransom for her dog’ &c.' - The Bulmer' Directory of 1890 for Thornaby-on-Tees mentions - 'William Price, grocer, tea dealer & beer seller at 7 Bon-Lea terrace, Eldon street, and Trafalgar street.' - May 12, 1891 – 'A South Stockton grocer and his sleepy apprentice - Yesterday at South Stockton Petty Sessions William Price, grocer, Mandale road, was charged with assaulting his 18 years old apprentice, Frederick James Richards, been a bound apprentice to Mr Price for 19 months, his indentures to remain binding till he was 21 years of age.' - Daily Gazette for - The Edinburgh Gazette , Dec 4 1891 - ‘William Price , grocer , provision dealer & beer seller; residing and trading at ‘Swarthamore Terrace Mandale Road, also trading at 25 Eldon Street, Trafalgar Street & 18 Maritime Street, all in South Stockton - ed -aka Thornaby-on Tees, and lately trading at 119 and 120 High Street, Stockton-on-Tees .’  - 

Note – It seems as if several Prices moved some three hundred mls from Llanmaes Glamorgan– Wales to Thornaby as David Price b ’38 Llanmaes, perhaps his uncle, resided at 90 Trafalgar street and the census ’81 mentions at 25 Eldon street - William Price b ’31 Glamorgan, Jane Price b ’25 Saneada Glamorgan and  their son William b ’52 Llanmaes Wales. Newspapers dd ’56 mention R, W, and J Price, G D Handy, and W Price, junior as bottle manufacturers, South Stockton' and dd ’80 William Price as a grocer. So arguably William Price - the Mastiff breeder - stepped into his father’ grocery business, 'commencing in ’82 with no capital instead'...

December 30, 1891 – ‘This morning at the Stockton Bankruptcy Court before Mr Registrar Crosby, William Price, grocer, of South Stockton, received his first public examination in bankruptcy.’ – Our Dogs’ Mems dd Oct ’33 mentions Mastiff judge Mr Fred H Cleminson – ‘I was just a youngster at the time I first met Mr Price at Darlington in 1892.’ – ‘I am afraid I cannot accept  the story at all, as the architectural structure of the late Mr Price’ premises made it impossible for anyone to see the kennels, the only open way to which was through the shop or house.’ –  Mr William Price’ last KCSB entry was Cleveland Leopold brother C- Monarch who got in ’08 two 2nd prizes Open class, ie in July at Darlington under Dr JS Turner cc Lt-Col Z Walker’ Sir Kenneth & end October at Edinburgh  under Mr Fred Gresham cc Mr WK Taunton’ Murdered Monarch. He died a few months later - early ’09 - at 'district Middlesbrough' - incl South Stockton  –. His Cleveland Leopold &  Monarch came into possession of his friend Mr George Cook ’62-25, beef & pork butcher at 110 Marton Road Middlesbrough. From ca fifty KCSB reg litters born Aug '08 until April '12,   14 were sired by one of them. The former sired three champions, ie Brompton Duke & - Duchess b ‘10 & Ligthning b ’11. - Above at left ch Hazlemere Ronald – at right Mr Bolckow’ Marton Hall - Middlesbrough, once home of Ronald' maternal half aunt Marton Lady.

After the death of world-wide famous Captain James Cook in 1779 the site of his birthplace cottage at Marton Middlesbrough became owned by Mr Bartholomew Rudd. He purchased the Marton estate in 1786 and cleared East Marton village to make way for his new house Marton Lodge which burned down in 1832 and the estate was neglected until it was purchased by  Mr Henry Bolckow in 1853.

Mr George Cook b ’61 Q3 at Stockton was the son of  William Cook b ’29 – ‘91, butcher, and Fanny née Rudd b ’34 - Dec 28th '13, who married June ‘56 at Stockton’ Wesleyan Methodist chapel and had eight children, amongst them two Reverend brothers, ie Thomas & Vallance Cole '66-36. Quite interesting is that in  late XIX c Middlesbrough there were – at least – two butchers named Rudd, ie William b ‘28-89 of 53 Cecil-street and Robert Rudd of No 2 King Street.  – A newpaper dd ‘94 – ‘The Oldest Established Business in Middlesbrough. To Let, House and Shop, No 39 Commercial street. - Apply 110, Marton-road.’  It goes about ‘Dining & Refreshments Rooms’ - cake in great variety - opposite the Railway Station.  The census 1871 mention a Cook family at Commercial street Middlesbrough, ie Fanny ’35 - William ’64 Vallance Cole ’67 Ann Rudd ’68 and James ’33-76 but no father William, although mentioned in a newspaper dd  ’76 – ‘William Cook of Commercial-street’ and two years later as – ‘William Cook, butcher of Marton-road’. In ‘89 - ‘Marriage by the Rev Thomas Cook (brother of the bride) between Robert, son of Councillor Robert Mascall Grove Hill - Middlesbrough, and Ann Rudd Cook, daughter of William Cook, Bright-street - Middlesbrough.’ – a side street of Marton Road off Cargo Fleet Road.

The ’81 census mentions Mr George Cook b ’61-25 at The Rudds Arms Inn - see above at left -, owned by the Bolckow family residing at Marton Hall - within a ¼ mile distance -. Other residents were William Brunton ’56-16, Licensed Victualler and Butcher, Sarah Elizabeth Brunton ‘55 Kate Burnton ‘79 Jessie Brunton (8m). 'Bruntons butchers' was next door and there was also an adjoining abattoir. Three years later he married Miss Lizzie Linsley b ’64. March ‘86 – ‘Prime English Beef , from 5d to 8d per lb at George Cook’ Corner No 2 Cargo Fleet Road & Marton Road,' - ca five mls N of The Rudds Arms Inn.’ - August ‘87 – ‘Mastiff & St Bernard Pups For Sale. Apply George Cook, Butcher and farmer, 110 Marton-road Middlesbrough.’ An address formerly resided by Rev John Parnaby ’32-79, pastor of the Congregational Church Middlesbrough, and off St John the Evangelist Church. – above at right .

So, 110 Marton Road probably may have been the vicarage – see at right-.   Newspaper clips – dd May ’91 - their eldest son Tom died only seven years old’ - dd ’92 – ‘For sale - arable of about 5 acres situated at Marton, behind the Vicarage. Apply George Cook, 110, Marton Road Middlesbrough.’ - dd ‘94 – ‘Cloggers, &c. The Oldest Established Business in Middlesbrough. To Let, House and Shop, No 39 Commercial street. Apply 110, Marton-road.- Note – the census 1871 mentions a Cook family at Commercial street Middlesbrough, ie James ’33-76 Fanny ’35 - William ’64 Vallance Cole ’67 Ann Rudd ’68. -  dd ’95 – ‘Hay for sale, two stacks, about 11 tons each! - Apply 110, Marton-road.’ - dd Oct’98 – ‘Middlesbrough Elections. Please reserve your vote for George Cook. Will be pleased to meet friends and supporters at 110 Marton-road.’ – His neighbors at Marton Road were - at No 112 Mr William Fraser, butcher – at No 108 Mr Charles Colman, fruiterer and game dealer, at No 106 Mr Richard Barnard, watchmaker and jeweller, at No 104 Mr William Charlton, inspecting engineer.

Above at left - Row houses  No 109 to No 105 Marton Road situated just opposite St John The Evangelist - at right - Parker' Dining Rooms at 34 Bridge Street 1/4 mile from Mr G Cook' 110 Marton Road - A newspaper dd Oct ’08 reports about the Scottish KC show – ‘Mastiffs Open-Dogs judge Mr Fred Gresham –lst   Murdered Monarch owned by Mr WK Taunton, London; 2nd  Cleveland Monarch owned by Mr W Price, Thornaby-on-Tees; 3rd  ch Felix owned by Mr George Cook, Redcar.’ –Redcar is a seaside resort, ca eight miles from 110 Marton Road Middlesbrough and according to the census '01 his seaside residence was at 5 Portland Terrace aka 'The Nook' Coatham Road, together with his wife Lizzie, daughters  Ethel b '88, Vera b '94 & Bessie b '97, sons Herbert b '90 and Hector b '01. Our Dogs' 1910s adverts mention Mr George Cook' Cleveland kennels at Middlesbrough, so not at Redcar. The censuses of '01 & '11 mention his address at Redcar, but he died at Middlesbrough - Below at right - front view of Redcar' Alexandra Hotel with Portland Terrace running off to the side -   and next door Portland Cafe at 15 Portland Terrace selling teas  - the lady of the house is watching the photographer.

Mr George Cook’ Cleveland kennels were situated at Cargo Fleet Lane  - see above at left -, a side street of Marton Road just off No 110. Between ’95-’25 by far the largest Mastiff breeder, almost fifty litters, a/o champions Felix, Brompton Duke & - Duchess, Lightning & Premier. The respective studs (12) were Mr Price’ Cleveland Duke by Alfgar, Blondin’ fawn brother Prince Hampton owned by Mr James Hampton Lee, undertaker of 30 Victoria Road Widnes - note – Prince Hampton b April ‘97 got in ‘98 a VHC under his breeder Mr AJ Thorpe – ‘A tall young dog with good head and bone, light in body and very stilty.’ -, Mr Nevill Walker Hall’ Nuneaton Lion, Adam bred by AW Lucas, ch Felix’ brother Marton Dick, Cleveland Leopold, Survivor, Mr Brookes’ Brindled Prince, ch Felix' grandson Count Willington, Survivor’ son Pegasus, Count Willington sons Adamite & Adamas.’ - Mr George Cook’ 1st champion, ie Felix sired two KCSB litters, 1) bred by Mr Rylands out of ch Nuneaton Helga resulting in Coatham Daisy who produced Mr Cook’ ch Lightning and 2) bred by Mr Joice out of Coatham Shielah resulting in Heatherville Duke who produced Count Willington, the latter sire of Adamite & Adamas, resp grandsire & sire of ch Cleveland Premier.

His respective broods (17) were Marton Lady, her daughter Marton Princess, Marton Kitty unr, Marton Peggy unr, Felix 'daughter Coatham Daisy, five Adam' daughters - Felica, Eugenia,  Shy Portia, Willington Duchess & Adam' Last -, Murdered Monarch' daughter Lady Dorena,  Leopold' daughter Cleveland Belle, ch Lightning' niece Tilly Dunn, ch Lidgett Viscount' grand-daughter Penwortham Fanny,  Cleveland Belle' daughter Cotherstone Duchess, Willington Duchess' daughter Cleveland Princess & Fanny' daughter Vilna. 

At left - ch Cleveland Premier b '25- at right - his sis Tweedview Belle b '22 who produced ch Hellingly Joseph; Belle was exported to the States by her  owner Mr Henry Young  of 31 Blakewell Road Tweedmouth Berwick on Tweed. March ‘28 - The Berwick Advertiser – ‘Henry Young, milk vendor, Tweedmouth, has been successful exhibitor with dog of his own breeding and rearing, in the ‘Virol and Milk’ Competition held in London.’ – In ’29 Mr Young bred another litter, ie out of ch Ashenhurdt Cedric’ grand-daughter Wantley Bretwalda Maid sired by ch Cleveland Premier resulting in Hellingly Roger & Dervot dantes , the latter exported to Mr Dudley Leland US.


After his death the kennels were taken over by his son Herbert who, in his own words, was born in a Mastiff kennel. Mr Herbert Cook b ’90-58  bred some eight Cleveland litters until Aug ’31, a/o four champions, ie Ponoroggo, Comedienne, Black Mask & Hugo. His respective studs were Cleveland Chancellor, his brother ch Cleveland Premier, Cleveland Julian – bred by Mr Terry, and ch Woden’ son Cleveland Comedian. His respective broods were Collierley Duchess – bred by Mr Norman Haigh, Princess Bunty – bred by Mr Adams, her daughter Queen Bess, ch Arolite’ sis Brenda and ch Hellingly Ajax’ sis Arethrusa b ’29 and bred by the Olivers who moved in the early 1930s from Winkenhurst nr Brighton some three hundred miles North to Bedale, only thirty miles from Mr Herbert Cook’ Cleveland kennels and purchased from him the brood Queen Bess b ’27 and repeated Mr Cook’ mating, ie to Cleveland Julian resulting in the Hellingly ch’s Cardinal & Marksman. Queen Bess’ daughter Lady Antonia bred by Mr Cook was mated to ch Hellingly Joseph and produced ch Hellingly Anthony.

Oct ’35 – ‘Put up for sale, freehold premises and old established butchering business carried on at 110 Marton Road Middlesbrough with factory behind; the proprietor wishing to retire from business. The Property comprises shop, with with two good cellars under, large room behind shop used office, kitchen fully appointed with range, &c.’ -

About Mr George Cook’ brother - Reverend Thomas Cook ’59-12 Methodist Evangelist. Some extracts from an appreciation by his brother Rev Vallance Cole Cook. – 'Thomas Cook was born on August 20, 1859. He had the unspeakable advantage of a godly mother. His father, strong and sturdy Englishman that he was, did not take any religious stand until he had passed his fiftieth year. By that time his family was grown up and out of hand. Spiritually and religiously the children were the mother's children, and Tom, as he was always called by his friends and relatives, was in a special sense his mother's boy.’

As the years passed, this mutual devotion grew in grace and power. The mother was proud of her boy, and her boy knew the debt that he owed to his mother. The world at large has known very little of the one, but it would never have known anything of the other had it not been for the strong- souled and godly mother. Eight sons and daughters grew to manhood and womanhood, every one of them married, every one of them was blessed with the joy of parentage, and every one of the children and grandchildren owed, and still owes, everything, from the spiritual and religious standpoint, to Thomas Cook' mother. Both mother and son, and indeed the entire family, were born in Middlesbrough-on-Tees, in the extreme north-east of Yorkshire. Mother was born in 1834. At that time Middlesbrough was but a village, but long before she had reached her seventy-fifth year, it had grown to huge dimensions and numbered over one hundred thousand in population. As early as the sixties, when Sir Gladstone was Chancellor of the Exchequer, he named it The Chicago of England. At left - Rev Thomas Cook' In Memory - centre -  ‘During eighteen months we had travelled twenty-five thousand miles, and visited all the large towns of the seven colonies, without a single hitch in the arrangements. Nothing had been permitted to interfere with the work. ‘ - at right – Mr Bolckow’ statue at Middlesbrough’  Exchange Place, ¼ mile from 110 Marton road.

My mother's paternal grandfather - ed – Adam Rudd - built some of the first houses in the place – Adam Rudd’ Yard off Durham & Commercial street -, and for many years Tom looked after these on behalf of his mother; and mother' maternal grandfather owned and commanded the first steamboat that plied on the river, which is rapidly becoming one of the greatest channels of commerce in the country. It is often said that Nature does much for all men. This is specially true of preachers, and it was as true of Thomas Cook as of any other. Middlesbrough, named Ironopolis, the City of Iron, is one of the great centres of iron industry in Great Britain. Blast-furnaces, iron-works, steel-works, rolling-mills, are the staple things of the district, and we may safely affirm that, from a boy, all the life-giving and inspiriting elements common to iron and steel were ingrained in my brother' constitution. For many years we lived within sight and sound of the roaring, flaming, belching furnaces, and the great balls of slag, full of molten fire, rolled down to our very garden wall. All this did its work, and Tom grew up strong of nerve, and was full of natural force and power to the very end. Undoubtedly this, combined with rare spiritual gifts, made him the great Christian and the soul-stirring evangelist that he was. ' - In 1903 he became Principal of Cliff Theological College in the Peak District.

Mr Henry Young of Berwick on Tweed  purchased two broods from Mr George Cook, ie 1) Tweedview Belle b ’21 – later on exported to the US and 2) Hecuba b March ‘22, 3rd Open at Darlington July ’23 owned by Cleveland breeder George Cook and judged by Miss Cecile Mavie Garland – 1st Vilna 2nd ch Westcroft Chloe. – According to the OEMC Hand Book ’29 he resided at 31 Blakewell Road  Tweedmouth –  Berwick on Tweed, England’ northernmost town in England - fifty miles E of Edinburgh .

Mr Young bred three KCSB reg litters - 1) b Feb ’25 out of Vilna’ younger sis Hecuba sired by ch King Baldur resulting in the Olivers’ foundation brood ch Wantley Joy and Havengore Prince Regent, 2) b Aug ’25 out of Vilna’ daughter Tweedview Belle – see pic in Mr Cook’ article – sired by ch King Baldur’ son Wantley King Baldur which produced ch Hellingly Joseph & Goldhawk Fairy, dam of Goldhawk Imperator who sired ch Michael and 3) b Sept ’29 out of ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ grand-daughter Wantley Bretwalda Maid sired by ch Cleveland Premier which gave Hellingly Roger & Dervot Dantes, the latter exported to Mr Dudley Leland US.

His Wantley Bretwalda Maid b March ’28 got  2nd Open at Darlington ’29 under Our Dogs editor Mr Theo Marples – 1st ch Wantley Joy – 3rd Mr HC Embleton’ Aries, a brindle by Cleveland Chancellor. Bretwalda Maid was sold to Mr SF Smith who mated her to Mr Guy Greenwood’ ch Benvolio which produced Walverden Charity, res cc’s at Sheffield ’32 under Dr Aubrey Ireland – cc ch Michael’ dam Garlinge Lady Jane and at Darlington ’33 under Miss CM Garland – cc Hellingly Helga.

The Berwick Advertiser - July ‘25 - ‘On Thursday, while Henry Young, milk vendor of Tweedmouth, was along the road near the Five Arches with his load and cart, the pony accidentally got crazy and Mr Young was thrown heavily to the ground. He received nasty scratches on the face’ - May ‘26 - 'Milk distribution in Tweedmouth is at present very much to date, and competition with the same is very keen, yet people are wondering why there should two prices.’ - March ‘28 -– ‘Henry Young, milk vendor, Tweedmouth, has been successful exhibitor with dog of his own breeding and rearing, in the ‘Virol and Milk’ Competition held in London.’ Sept ‘28 – 'Berwick Petty Sessions  – A Milk Case - Hy Young, Blakewell Road, Tweedmouth, summoned for selling milk not of the nature, substance and quality demanded by the purchaser. For this case the Mayor Alexander Darling retired’ - Tweedmouth elects yearly a Salmon Queen to mark the start of Salmon Week, a reminder that Tweedmouth has a long history as a centre for salmon fishing on the river dating to medieval times. April 24, 1915 - A  magnificent monster salmon caught - weighing 53 1b, which required the efforts of three strong men to land him.     – Above at left – A milk vendor at Naples Italy - at right – the blue arrow points Mr Young’ house - incl plaque ‘Tweed View’ between door and window – overlooking  river Tweed and  Five Arches bridge.

Mr Henry Young’ Bretwalda Maid b ’28 was bred by Mr Albert Arthur Godwin Cox of Dollymount Takeley - Essex, out of Dollymount Shiela sired by Wantley Bretwalda, both bred by Wantley breeder Miss Mabel Dent Hitchings and both out of ch Weland’ daughter Brunhilde resp sired by Elvet Barrie and ch Ashenhurst Cedric. Dollymount Shiela b March '26 became purchased by Broomcourt breeder Mr Ben Bennett, changed her name into Broomcourt Shiela and became his foundation brood. She produced three Broomcourt litters, ie 1) sired by ch Ashenhurst Cedric' son Brigadier which gave B- Lady Superior, 2) sired by ch Hellingly Joseph which produced B- Bess b ‘31 and 3) sired by ch Hellingly Cardinal, B- Big Girl b ‘32. Bretwalda Maid’ brother Wantley Jeffry - see hereabove  - was owned by Miss Freda Dalton  of Brooklands Buxton. He grandsired  Tiddicar  Prince Michael. -

In '32 Mr Cox purchased Britomart bred by Miss M R M Forde of 6  Rustat road Cambridge. Mr Cox ’97-72, poultry farmer a/o pure-bred Indian Game and well-known at horse shows a/o Ghymkhana events, married in ’25 Constance Ruth Brister b ’98 Sittingbourne. He was chairman of the Bishop' Stortford Hospital Carnival, gave up farming in ’36 and sold Dollymount – ‘a modern bungalow  on the main road between Dunmow & Bishops Stortford’ -, moved to Takeley’ Sheering Hall – see above at left -, became Chairman of Takeley & District Conservative Association in ’46 and married two years later at Aldershot Miss Emma H Brown.

Mr Albert Arthur Cox may have been grandson to Mr George F Cox b ’42 Ampthill-09, of Great Havers Dairy Farm Bishop’ Stortford, and Councillor of the Urban District Council m Fanny née Bunker b '44 Ampthill. The census ’91 mentions for Great Havers Farm five children, ie Harriett E b ’66, John W b '74-16, Harry T  b ’75- June '40, Frances M b ’78 & Florence M b ’81 – all born at St Pancras – residing at 5 Carrol street London.  ’93 – ‘A cow belonging to Mr George Cox of Great Havers Farm has just given birth to a calf without eyes or tail. The animal is thriving exceptionally well.’ -

Albert’ father may have been Mr Harry Thomas Cox b ’75-40. – March ’95 – ‘A lad named Harry Cox, son of Mr George Cox, of Great Havers Farm Bishop Stortford, was scaring pigeons with his pistol loaded with powder only, when, by a premature discharge, was severely injured at his hand.’ - The same year he married at Oxford Elizabeth Catherine Louisa Hainge b ‘74 daughter of baker Charles John Hainge. In ’00 Harry sailed to the Cape Cornwall with the Herts contingent  Imperial Yeomanry - volunteer cavalry regiment - and has twice visited South Africa - as a delegate of the National Farmers Union ? -.  Jan ’02 - -‘Efforts are being made to raise a troop of the Essex Imperial Yeomanry at Bishop Stortford.'  - June ‘11 - ‘Acting-Sergt Harry Cox of Bishop Stortford has been promoted sergeant in the Herts Yeomanry.' - September ‘14 – ‘Stampede Mystery. Yeomanry Horses Twice Escape from their Tethers. The stampeding of the horses of the Staffordshire Yeomanry Bishops Stortford remains a mystery. The known facts are that about 300 horses twice escaped from their tethers in a meadow at Great Havers Farm.’ - Oct ’14 – ‘Sergeant Henry T Cox, of the Army Service Corps, was awarded the DCM - Distinguished Conduct Medal - for his gallantry at Neuve Chapelle nr Lille Oct 29th ‘14, when he brought his horsed ambulance wagon close to the German front line on two occasions under a heavy fire, and assisted in the evacuation of wounded men from the Royal West Kent Regiment, and also a number of Indian soldiers who had sought refuge in an isolated farm.’  - 

At left – The Calf Buyer – at Bishops Stortford '32 - far left Mr Joe Brazier, striped suit Mr Humphries, behind him Harry Cox, Mr Routledge smoking a pipe, Mr Rolfe behind lad and auctioneer Mr Piper  - Centre - Sergeant H T Cox leading in ‘Charlie’ ridden by Mr BJ Boyle, the winner of the Military Race at the North Down Harriers Point-to-Point Race aka steeple – At right – Three hundred horses at Bishops Stortford. It is believed that the horses were frightened by owls or that it was sabotage. During the stampede thirty were secured by Harry Cox and his colleague at Great Havers Farm.  

In ’16 Harry Thomas Cox, dairyman of Bishop Stortford, was summoned for selling milk not of the substance and quality demanded by the purchaser.  ‘Mr Harry Cox, farmer of Havers Farm Bishops Stortford, and a special constable, was prosecuted during the war for watering down the milk he sold, presumably to make it go further.’ -  ’17 - Thorley Articles in the Herts & Essex Observer – ‘Great Havers - Freehold farm at Bishop’s Stortford – having a brick and tiled homestead, dairy, farm buidling cottage and 79 acres of arable and pasture land , let on an annual Michaelmas tenancy to Mr Harry Thomas Cox at a rent of £75 per annum.’ - In ‘31 Harry caused sensation by entering a den containing five young lions at Lord John Sanger' Circus and in ‘37-  ‘JP’s Sleep In Car. Charge fails against Stortford man. At Cheshunt, Harry Thomas Cox, JP & CC – Hertfordshire -, of Great Havers Farm Bishops Stortford, was charged with being under the influence of drink to such an extent as to not have proper control over the vehicle.’ -

Mr Ambrose Mott, b ’81  Pinxton – a Notts’ coal mining village, owned Nuneaton Hector’ daughter Pinxton Pride b ’07 bred by Mr Neville Walker Hall – see centre - out of Caractacus’ sis Nuneaton Molly sired by Nuneaton Hector, the latter sired by Hector owned by Lord Howe aka Mr Richard George Penn Curzon ’61-’29 – above at extreme right -, Lord Chamberlain to Queen Alexandra between ‘03-’25, residing at Gopsal Hall – above at right -, ca ten miles from The Nook parsonage, the residence of  Mr Neville Walker  Hall b '75 of ‘John Brearley Hall & Son Co’ - Tallow Chandlers , Soap & General Merchants’ - Attleborough - Nuneaton. 

Lord Howe’ family seat was Penn House Penn Street - Bucks, a village only three miles away from Leadbetter’ Hazlemere Park , in those days one of the few Mastiff breeders , so there’s a chance Lord Howe’ Hector was bred by Mr Leadbetter and in that case  Lord Howe’ Hector was possibly related to ch Hazlemere Ronald’ near ancestry . If this should be true it might be also an extra explanation of the particular quality of both studs - Woden & Bill , re overall characteristics but especially re squareness & bluntness of head/muzzle .

Mr Ambrose Mott  bred three litters from his Pride, 1) dd April ’08 sired by Mr G Cook’ Adam resulting in Sam owned by Mr Thomas Garwood b ’70 Holloway - of 46 Meadowcourt Road Blackheath – London, 2) dd Sept ’09 sired by Mr Burch’ Salisbury which gave Pinxton Edward - 3rd Limit Birmingham ’12 and Stapleford Pedro who sired ch Woden’ maternal grandsire Collyhurst Squire and ch Havengore Bill’ paternal gr-grand-dam Marwood Pride, 3) Sept ’11 sired by Cleveland Leopold resulting in  Cleveland Duke - 1st Alexandra Palace ’14 under Mr Wm Hunter Johnston, owned by Mr Henry James Cox b ‘72, beer retailer of 42 Clayton Road - Peckham, and Miss Alice S Pope’ Countess Friska who, mated to Mr Burch’ ch British Monarch, produced Prospector – Crufts ’15 res cc under Mrs Fred Gresham – cc ch Brompton Duke. -

Mr Ambrose Mott was the son of Mr James Mott b ’51 Wisbeach Cambridgeshire and his wife Sarah who resided in ’01 at Wharf Road Pinxton – see at left - having five children. His father died in ’07 and in ’11 Mr Ambrose Mott married and lived at Pinxton’ Arch Villa 10 Platt Street, few yards from Wharf Road. He died there in ’37.

Nov ’05 - 'House, fronting Wharf road and Redgate street, gross annual rental £36, sold to Mr Ambrose Mott for £271. Two dwelling houses, fronting Redgate Street, gross annual rental £19, were also purchased by Ambrose Mott - Pinxton, for £156.’ - April ’08 - 'Mr Ambrose Mott - Pinxton, was charged with furiously driving a horse and cart at South Normanton.’ - July ’17 - 'The Bench imposed a fine 20s to Mr Mott, Pinxton farmer, who was also charged with selling adulterated milk.’ - The Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News  London Aug ‘28, – ‘Lovely fawn bitch – five months. Sire, Monarch of Wantley, ex Pinxton Lady. Very typical specimen, price 12 guineas. Particulars, stamp. A. Mott, Mastiff Kennels, Pinxton, Notts.’ -

An interesting but rather rarely showcased quality Mastiff was Pinner Beau, b ‘01 - fawn brother of Hazlemere champions Czar Peter & Archie. Beau got at Crufts ’03 under Mr John O’Connell 1st in dogs Open class, 2nd Open Class at Crufts ‘04 under Mr Fred Gresham and put up for sale at £70 - cc for his younger brother ch Hazlemere Archie, and at Birmingham ’04 under his breeder Mr Robert Alfred Leadbetter, he got 1st Limit – 2nd Mr RJ Burch' Salisbury 3rd Mr Neville Walker Hall' Nuneaton Lion.

Pinner Beau was owned by a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breeder Mrs Ethel Grace Morrison, née Wilkins b ’67 London who married in ’91 Mr Arthur Stanley Morrison b '60 Sheffield, a director of The Leyland & Birmingham Rubber Company Limited residing at The Lodge – see at left -,  reported to be the original lodge for Pinner House Hill, allegedly created in 1854 a charming example of Victorian architecture off South View Rd. The Lodge forms part of the private, gated Pinner Hill Estate of 72 acre comprising hundred-fifteen established and individual dwellings with beautiful manicured lawns, mature trees and surrounded by rolling parks, woodland and a farm.

Pinner Beau was purchased by Mrs Annie Selina Lloyd née Smith b ’69 & Mr James Herbert Lloyd, chemist of 51 Cauldwell Street - Bedford and  in ’06 he got the Crystal Palace cc  under Mr Robt Leadbetter – reserve Mr AW Lucas’ Prince Superbus. He left no KCSB reg progeny.

Mr Robt Leadbetter’ father Alfred b ‘49, Senior partner in ‘Leadbetter, Lucas & Bird’ –– Frogmoor Brewers Maltsters & Aerated Water – of The Willows - see below at right - London Road  High Wycombe, purchased Hazlemere Park but unfortunately he only had been in residence a few weeks when he died in Feb ’97. His personal estate has been valued at £45,405. His eldest son Robert [1873-1954] had an immense interest in wild animals, and on moving to Hazlemere Park he began to purchase a number of dogs, horses and more exotic species.  

By 1900 he had what was described as ‘the finest, best-kept and properly managed kennels in Buckinghamshire’ and was well-known throughout the country and on the continent. His specialities were Great Danes & Mastiffs , his bitch Elgiva winning over a hundred ‘firsts’ and had the honour of never being beaten. At this time his miniature zoo included a hyena, an Indian Jackal & sacred Zebu cattle. In all he had over 60 animals including ‘cart horses and mares’ . With such a knowledge of horses and dogs, Robert Leadbetter was also an expert foxhunter and in 1903 he became Master of the Old Berkeley Hunt. Commenting on his appointment the Victoria County History stated ~ ‘On becoming Master, Mr Leadbetter erected kennels on his estate to compensate for the growing difficulty of hunting the more populous southern part of the county. Mr Leadbetter has successfully opened up the corner of Aylesbury Vale which lies between the Chiltern Hills & Hartwell, and good sport is now obtained in that district, which had previously been short of foxes.’  At this point in his life he was not only well-liked, but he was a great socialiser. His guests were entertained with parties and gambling sessions in the great drawing room of Hazlemere lodge, which housed two drinking wells and was decorated with huge playing cards. On September 17, 1902 Mr Leadbetter invited the villagers to come and look at his splendid show of hunters, hackneys, ponies a/o Ben, billed the world’ smallest horse, brood mares, foals and young stock. They were not allowed though to see his priceless collection of dogs and his private menagerie. Realising the disappointment he had caused, Robert readily agreed to open his menagerie at a later date , the monies collected from admission to go to the aid of Wycombe Cottage Hospital. He invited the Daily News to visit the zoo, the visit became interrupted by news that the lion Sultan had escaped!

And so it had , but the following day’ headlines ‘Thrilling Adventure at Private Zoo – An escaped Lion’  rather overdid things. The keeper forgot to close the cage after cleaning out, subsequently he found himself in face with the lion outside the cage. Sultan, smelling a lioness in a nearby cage, turned its back and walked off while the keeper sought refuge in the cage. While the lion was busy rubbing his nose with the lioness, the keeper made good his escape, again leaving the cage door open; this time, thoug , the lion casually walked back, past tigers and bears, and calmly stepped back into his own cage! - The story prompted Robert Leadbetter to show that his zoo was safe, and he arranged for a full visit of the press the following week. He told the Daily News that ‘he once had a lion cub which loved to stretch out on the hearth in front of the fire, but the servants let the fire go out, rather than go near the animal. He kept a jackal, described as an imp of mischief, having the habit of stealing my boots and hiding them behind curtains, and taking all the logs and coals from the fire. I had also a monkey that was very jealous of women, and would attack them if they spoke to me’.

At  left - Old High Wycombe Stoneware Ginger Beer Bottle Leadbetter & Bird - centre - Mr Leadbetter’ kennelman Mr Thomas Gardner with H- ch’s Ronald & sis Bess b '04. Mr Leadbetter bred seven KCSB reg litters, all between ‘01-’06, two out of Iron Duke’ grand-daughter Lyndhurst Rose, and one resp out of Lady Georgina bred by Monsieur Duch, ch H- Archie’ sis Ethel May, Mother Goose unr, Duke of Fife’ dau Lady Winifred and Widmere Ganie unr. His resp studs were ch Marksman bred by Mr Henry Wilkinson, his ch sons Czar Peter & Archie, Mellnotte & Mellnotte’ son Prince Sonderberg. Czar Peter’ brother Young Marksman was purchased by Mr Wm Rylands, Hazlemere Archie’ sis H- Lassie by Cleveland breeder Mr George Cook, Hazlemere Ronald’ sis Marcia by ch Marksman’ former owner Mr AJ Thorpe and Ronald’ sis Kilmalcolm Lucy - see insert below at left - by Mr F A Rhodes.

Notes – His 2nd brood Lady Georgina b Oct '99 got 1st Open class at Darlington '03 under Mr Neville Walker Hall - 2nd Blondin' niece Marton Beauty - 3rd Hidalgo' dau Lady Camber. The fawn Lady Georgina was, according to the KCSB, out of Diane unr sired by Beaufort unr and bred by a ‘Monsieur Duch’. It probably goes here about a misspelled person of French descent, ie ‘Monsieur’ Alfred Duché  b ’67-35 – member of the firm ‘TM Duché & Sons’, gelatine & glue  manufacturers - 150 and 151 Fenchurch-street - London. Monsieur Alfred Duché was also President of the French Chamber of Commerce in London - founded by his father Monsieur Marius Duché – see at right -, and resided in ’93 at Vancelle Dulwich Wood Avenue Upper Norwood, less than one mile from Dr JS Turner’ residence. So there’s a chance Monsieur Alfred Duch breeding was related to that 'champion' Beaufort breeder. The census ’01 mentions Mr Alfred Duch at Dulwich - Helensdale 26 Alleyn Park.  He died  Oct '35 at Liépvre - Vosges nr the German border.

His grandfather Mr Tristan Mathieu Duché born ’04 at Sury-le-Comtal, headmaster at Villefranche and later on at Roanne, became a lawyer at St Etienne and  delegate de la Loire. Banned after the coup d’état by Napoleon III in ’51, he went into exile to London '6I 1 Angell Terrace Islington. Although a distinguished lawyer and statesman of France, he was not able to practice his profession in England. However, he was not one to stay idle and in 1857, founded the ‘House Of Duché’ in partnership with two of his sons, Jean-Baptiste Marius b '41 - Alfred’ father  - and Claude A S b '46,  for the purpose of entering into foreign trade. The company prospered; its growth included the establishment of branches in various parts of the world, a/o at New York, Cleveland, Chicago, Boston and  ‘Usines Marius Duché’ gelatine, bone glue & bone phosphate manufacturers - at Vilvorde nr Brussels under the directorship of Alfred’ brother Edgar Duché. Monsieur Tristan Mathieu Duché died at London in ’65.  

Alfred' father Jean Baptiste Marius Ducheé went back to France région Bourgogne in '14, restored  chateau de Lantenay and died there in '23  . At left - chateau de Lantenay.  At right – Monsieur Alfred Duché’ uncle Antoine Marie Scevola Duche ’43-87. The firm 'TM Duché & Sons Ltd' is still existing.

Mr Leadbetter began breeding horses in earnest and from 1907 he began showing these and other animals at the Crystal Palace , but the price of animals began to decline and the advent of the motor car meant his horses did not sell well either . On March 5, 1910 he was declared bankrupt . He had started with £27,000 - £10,000 in brewery debentures and the balance in cash of which he ‘invested £7,000 in wild animals and £7,000 in horses’ stated the receiver . On July 14, 1910 the menagerie was sold at Croydon auction, the largest portion going to Glasgow Zoo .  - At left - Hazlemere kennelman Mr Thomas Gardner, Czar Peter & Archie in '07.

Towards the end of the First World War, Robert embarked on a new scheme for selling wild animals and in December 1918 he formed a partnership with Mr John Jordan to launch ‘The World Zoological Trading Company Ltd’ formed with a capital of £50,000 ‘to carry out the business of hunters and trappers of wild animals and their subsequent disposal’. It was agreed that the company should take from Mr Jordan a concession of 55,000 acres of land in the Belgian Congo for hunting and trapping animals. Sixty animals were caught, for which Robert Leadbetter was to receive £4,000 in shares and £1,000 per annum for his services generally. The expedition had cost a lot of money, when it was discovered the Belgian government had never given their consent to the signing of the concession.

As a result , Robert Leadbetter found himself facing a winding-up order at the offices of the Board of Trade on May 26, 1920. Sensing this was about to happen, on March of that year, he formed in conjunction with Mr Gerald Palmer ‘The Arena and Stage Menagerie Company’. With a capital of £10.000 Robert Leadbetter was appointed managing director at £15 a week. It was the intention to provide acts for music halls and to deal with wild animals. This venture, too, was unsuccessful, for on March 31 1922 , a receiving order was put on this company as well. He told the creditors - ‘The company is still in existence with offices in Paddington but is doing little business , I am owed £350 in salary  . When the World Zoological Company went into compulsory liquidation , I sold most of the animals, but I have kept some at Hazlemere and I claim a lien over them for food and attendance . At present there are seven Indian goats , two Irish Setters , a fow , a buzzard and fifteen African four-horned sheep’. Nevertheless , at the end of the meeting the official receiver stated that the amount of unsecured liabilities was £816 , assets nil.’ -

Robert made history a few years later , when in May 1929 he was brought before Aylesbury Court to be the first person in the county to be prosecuted under the Theatrical Employers Registration Act. Again being described as an animal importer, Robert Leadbetter was summonsed ‘for carrying on the business of theatrical employment without being registered’ and ‘for abandoning a performer at Aylesbury town hall’. - It appeared the show needed to take £53 ‘but it went flat’ and Robert was unable to pay his performers. He was fined £5. On March 22 1935 his ninety years old mother Margaret Susan  née Rose died and Hazlemere Park was eventually put on the market again. Robert sold his own house and bought a caravan in Wycombe Marsh where he spent the rest of his life as a recluse with his dogs. He died on February 17, 1954 and is buried in Hazlemere churchyard.

Archie Gander b May ’04 & bred by Hazlemere breeder Mr Robt Leadbetter out of Mother Goose unr sired by ch Hazlemere Archie was owned by Mrs Helen Jonas. At Darlington ’05 he got 2nd Open class under Mr Fred Gresham – cc ch Czar Peter, the following year again a 2nd Open class at Crystal Palace under Mr Robt Leadbetter – cc Pinner Beau. At left - Archie possessing great type but marred by a tail piece too short. - Mrs Helen Jonas née Walton b ’71, daughter of Mr George Walton - Doctor of Divinity -,  married in ’93 at Quarndon Derbys Mr Harry Marshall Jonas b ’66-39  of ‘Messrs John Carter Jonas and Sons’ - Auctioneers, Land Agents and Surveyors, Sun Fire and Life Offices, 25 Market Place - Cambridge. Mr Harry M Jonas  was also an archaelogist and donated several of his findings to the Museum of General & Local Archaelogy.

In ’55 his father Mr John Carter Jonas set himself up as an auctioneer in Cambridge. The  estate management business started when the future Marquess of Lincolnshire, Charles Wynn-Carington, appointed John Carter Jonas to run his family estates in Buckinghamshire. He died in ’99 but ten years later the first London ‘J Carter Jonas & Sons’ office opened at Sergeant’ Inn. The firm’ extensive association with Oxbridge colleges was expanded when it took over the Oxford’ estate agents ‘Castle, Field & Castle’ in ‘24. The firm ‘Carter Jonas’ still exists to-day.

Dr John Sidney Turner bred dd Aug ’92 his last litter, ie out of Ayrshire’ sis Seabreeze – Ch Cambrian Princess ex ch Beaufort – sired by ‘Dion’, arguably named after a mythological Laconian King - b ’90 & bred by Mr Harry Ralph out of his ownbred Grace Beaufort – Commodore’ dau Juno ex ch Beaufort - sired by ch Hotspur. – He also bred Wallenstein b Aug ’90 out of Commodore’ dau Juno sired by ch Hotspur & owned by Mr Frederick Fitch Mason b ’70 and son of Mr Albert Mason, contractor of North Hill - Swansea. Mr Harry Ralph b ’29-02 was for many years Hon Secretary & Treasurer of the Collie Club. He was proprietor of Barrett' Hotel 8-11 Cecil street, and of Waterloo Hotel 85–86 Jermyn Street where Sir Walter Scott liked to stay. At Dec 12th  ’89 the OEMC Committee meeting was held at Barrett’ Hotel (by permission) – present Mr Harry Ralph (in the chair), Rev Van Doorne, Dr JS Turner, Mssrs HG Woolmore, CC Rice, WK Taunton, WM Higgs & the Hon Secretary Mr R Cook. The annual general OEMC meeting of ’90 was held in February at the Waterloo Hotel, by permission, when there were present  Mr Harry Ralph (in the chair), Rev Van Doorne, Dr JS Turner, Mssrs HG Woolmore, WK Taunton, WM Higgs & the Hon Secretary Mr R Cook. The report ends with – ‘This report would be very imperfect did not your committee vote the warmest thanks to our excellent friend and member Mr H Ralph, who so generously at all times places a room at its disposal in which to hold the meetings.' -  Note – former annual general OEMC meetings were held at Crystal Palace on the 1st day of the KC Show in January. One of the few committee members of ’84 was Mr Charles John Lambe Eames, b ’47-’01, who owned 1) Sultana b ’82 & bred by Mr Hertel out of Nellie sired by ch The Shah’ son Sultan and 2) Princess Florence b ’81 & bred by Dr Winslow out of Negress sired by CP.

Dr JS Turner' last stud  Dion bred by Mr Ralph was owned by Sir William Scovell Savory - see above at right -  b ’26 London –’95, - 'Surgeon, of 66 Brook Street Mayfair - 1/4 mile from Waterloo Hotel-, was  demonstrator of anatomy & operative surgery at St Bartholomew', and for many years curator of the museum where he devoted himself to pathological & physiological work. In June 1858 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society for his papers on the structure and connections of the valves of the human heart. In 1859 he succeeded Sir James Paget as lecturer on general anatomy and physiology. In 1861 he became assistant surgeon, and in 1867 surgeon, holding the latter post till 1891. In 1879 at Cork, he had declared against Listerism – ed - antiseptic method introduced by Joseph Lister, involving the spraying of the parts under operation with a carbolic acid solution - at the meeting of the British Medical Association, the last public expression, it has been said, by a prominent surgeon against the now accepted method of modern surgery. As Hunterian professor of comparative anatomy and physiology, he lectured on General Physiology & the Physiology of Food. In ‘84 he delivered the Bradshaw Lecture on the Pathology of Cancer and in 1887 the Hunterian oration to the Royal College of Physicians. In 1887 he became surgeon-extraordinary to Queen Victoria, and in 1890 he was made a baronet. Savory was a powerful  authoritative man in his profession, averse from exhibitions of brilliancy. His lucidity of expression being almost as valuable as his knowledge of physiology & anatomy.' -

Half a year after the annual OEMC meeting at Mr Harry Ralph' prestigious Waterloo Hotel, the 1st   OEMC exhibition was organised at Crystal Palaced dd Aug '90 in attendance of several American visitors, a/o Dr Richard Derby & his son. The catalogue mentions 51 entries wherefrom 41 by committee members – three by Mr Ralph - the brindle Bendigo II b ’86 out of ch Punch’ dau Celina Dolaro sired by Cardinal' inbred son Commodore*, and the brothers Yambarri & Zorab b Oct ’88 out of Bendigo II'’ sis Juno sired by ch Beaufort, five by Mr WN Higgs, one by Ilford breeder Mr Richard Cook, three by Captain Piddocke, six by Mr CC Rice, ten by Mr WK Taunton,  seven by Dr JS Turner, and two by Mr HG Woolmore; remaing one were - three by Stafford breeder Mr Albert Andrews of 22 Marston Road Stafford, three by Drs Henry George Bailey-Eadon & Oliver Thomas Slatter - MRCS Guy' Hospital - of Caldicott Chepstow, two by Mr Anthony Pulbrook, solicitor of 20 Helen’ Place, one by Mr Wm Price of South Stockton, one by Mr Wm Makinson of Railway Sawing Mills Horwich, and one by the Prince of Chandernagore aka Monsieur Eugène-Joseph Courjon, of 162 Conyngham Road Shepherd’ Bush. In ’93 Mr Harry Ralph’ daughter Emily married the son of the industrialist Mr George Angus of Newcastle on Tyne - leather & rubber India manufacturers. A year later Mr Harry Ralph went bankrupt, which also happened in 1900 to solicitor & author on ‘Law & Practice Joint Stock Companies’ Mr Anthony Pulbrook b ’39-06 who bred a litter dd Sept ’89 out of Bosco II’ daughter Vic sired by Rev Van Doorne’ ch Jack Thyr.  * Commodore’ judge reports – ‘grand in colour, head and bone,, he is not a large dog but very low and lumpy and showed himself very badly.’ -

Note – Monsieur Eugène-Joseph Courjon '43-96, styled Prince de Chandernagore, born at the French isle Réunion nr Madagascar, made his fortune in India. In ’88 he has been brought up at the Hammersmith police court on the charge of unlawfully taking away Margherita Perroni, aged 16, from the custody of her mother. – charge was dismissed. He owned Florence b July ’88 & bred by Mr Charles Harry Moline ’63-27, - out of Dido III sired by ch Beaufort. Mr Moline became educated at Jesus College Cambridge and played in two first-class cricket matches for Cambridge University in '86. He was great-grandson of  Godalming banker Mr Robert Moline 2nd  1757-’34, a Quaker whose family set up sugar refining factories at Laybach Austria - now Ljubljana Slovenia -, where Charles Harry was born as son of Francis ’26-00  and Emma née Kranz.

The family returned to England in the mid-60s to live in Bristol, acc to census 81 at 1 Berkeley Square – see at left - & later on at Heathside  The Avenue Clifton, and Francis became works manager of the Old Market Sugar Refinery. After ’95 it was the last surviving refinery at Bristol but it fell into financial difficulty in ’02 and wound up business in ’08; the proprietors claimed they had struggled against the disadvantage caused by foreign bounty system. The site was later on occupied by the Bristol’ Drill Hall . In ’10 Mr Charles H Moline, sugar broker, was appointed Trade Manager of Exeter Labour Exchange. At right -  cabinet photograph dd '86. By Scott & Wilkinson St Andrews street Cambridge, only several hundred yeards from Brunswick Walk where  at that time Mr Charles H Moline resided and owned Pickle b '82 out of Rhona sired by Turco. Perhaps the photo presents  Mr Moline' 4y old Pickle who sired Florence' dam Dido III. - Florence’ brother Bellerophon was described by Dr Turner as – ‘sixteen months puppy by Beaufort, with an exceptional good and typical head, spoiled only by rather light eyes (one of which has the cornea  scratched); he is good in body, but rather small for a dog.’ – Bellerophon’ son Lion XVII was owned by Mr Francis Edmund Skeates b '63 employer painter & decorator, Winsley villa Marlborough Hill – Bristol.

Heimdal - in Norse mythology the watchman of the gods - b June ’85 & bred by the Belgian Catholic Rev Van Doorne out of Cedric The Saxon’ dau Wunna sired by ch Orlando – see at right - was owned by Mr Archibald Claude Dunlop b ’57-24 – see at left -, , of Polygon House Southampton - Consul of Nicaragua, later on of Hayti as also a Ceylon Tea Planter. A judge report mentions – ‘Heimdal wants time to make up; his skull and muzzle are good but his hind quarters are too straight. If he improves in this respect, he may yet become a nut to crack.’ - Quote re Mr Dunlop' obituary – ‘This gentleman was a president of the Southampton Chamber of Commerce, and one of the leading magnates of the shipping world in the South of England. Southampton has made enormous strides in progress and prosperity during recent years, and now boldly challenges the hitherto unrivalled supremacy of Liverpool as the principal seaport of the British Empire. Mr Dunlop left £44,978, and probably gave away quite as much during his lifetime, as he was always a generous friend and patron of deserving Catholic causes & charities (ed - perhaps also of   Rev Van Doorne' life work since ‘82, the built of Brixton’ Catholic Corpus Christi Church - costs estimated at £20.000). He also has bequeathed £5000 to the Church of St. Ignatius, Stamped Hill, the headquarters of the Jesuits in the north-east of London, balancing and relieving the strain and pressure on their mother church of the Immaculate Conception, Farm-street, Berkeley Square, in the south-west. A sum of £2500 is left to the Provincial of the Dominican Order, whose church on Haverstock Hill was regularly attended by Mr Dunlop when sojourning in London. A similar sum is allocated to the Crusade of Rescue, which, since its foundation by Cardinal Vaughan, has done exceedingly valuable work in London, Portsmouth, Southampton, and other cities in seeking out friendless orphaned Catholic children, placing them in safe and well-conducted homes, and thus preserving them from falling into the hands of unscrupulous proselytisers, who would rob and deprive them of the priceless treasure of their Catholic faith.’ - He died at his London' residence 543 Haverstock Hill NW.

Mr Walter John Shaw Monckton owned Modesty out of Mr Smith’ Countess sired by Lion b ’76, the latter owned by Mr Henry Charles Staples b ’58 of The Priory Swanley Kent and bred by Mr Fred Aspinall – Victor’ dau Juliet x ch Punch. At Margate ’81 she got 3rd prize Puppy class – ‘Modesty is of considerable promise, as she is a very late puppy’ -  1st Crown Prince, 2nd Zoedone, a male owned by Mr Frederick William Denison - wine & spirit merchant of 17 Salthouse lane Hull - also a St Bernard fancier. Zoedone – arguably named after a  then non-alcoholic tonic beverage - was born March ’80 and bred by Mr William H  Richardson of Eastfield House Ganstead – 5 mls from Hull - out of Charlie’ dau Dina sired by Hanburys Lion’ grandson  Hector. After Mr Monckton’ death in ’81 at only 28 years of age Modesty was purchased by Mr HG Woolmore and mated her to ch Beau resulting in ch’s His Majesty King Canute – see insert at left - & Cambrian Princess and also Am ch Ilford Caution’ dam Ilford Claudia.

 Mr Walter John Shaw Monckton b ’53 was the eldest son of Mr Walter Monckton ’27-00 Basted Mills paper manufacturer & JP for Kent and Caroline née Backshell Shaw of Battle who lived at Basted House, Borough Green and Ightham Warren – see at left Kent. Mr Walter John Shaw Monckton married in ’78 at Maidstone Miss Louisa Dorman b ‘55, daughter of Charles - a currier who later became a coal & timber merchant - and  younger sis of Sir Arthur John Dorman ’48 steel manufacturer at Middlesbrough, builder of bridges abroad a/o the Sydney Harbour Bridge; in ’29 a fusion was made between Dorman, Long & Co Ltd, and Bolckow, Vaughan & Co Ltd.

Mr Walter John Shaw Monckton’ nephew Sir Walter Turner Monckton ’91-65  - see at right together with the Duke of Windsor - worked in propaganda & information during World War II and became Solicitor General in Winston Churchill' 1945 caretaker government. In 1951 Churchill appointed him to the cabinet as Minister of Labour and National Service and in ’57 he became 1st Viscount Monckton of Brenchley and chairman of the Midland Bank. He was also Chairman of the Iraq Petroleum Company & the Advisory Commission on Central Africa, Chancellor of the University of Sussex and President of the Marylebone & Surrey County Cricket Clubs.

The pedigree of Modesty’ dam Countess*- owned by a Mr Smith – is a big question mark.  - Notwithstanding the commonness of the name Smith, the then KCSB mention only four, ie 1) Mr John Smith, of ‘John Smith & sons’ Openshaw Bridge Foundry Iron Works nr Manchester who bred Nell II b ’69 out of Nell sired by Miss Aglionby’ Wolf, 2) Mr Frederick Smith b ’47-02 of 552 Ashton Old Rd Openshaw Bridge who owned Turk No 4458 – Nell II’ brother?, 3) Mr Samuel A Smith b ’17-81, banksman of the Foxley Oaks Colliery Whittington nr Manchester who owned Turk b '71 & bred by Major Elms out of Wolf' Lupa sired by  Lord Nelson, and finally 4) Mr TW Smith  of Cromwell House - Luton  who purchased Phillis II - 2nd prize at Alexandra ’82 - bred by Mr James Morris of Oswestry out of Vaga b ‘77 - ch Countess’ sis Empress ex Mr Banbury' ch Wolsey – sired by Turk II. Perhaps he renamed Countess* to Phillis II referring to ch Wolsey' famous double grand-dam Mr Hanbury' Phillis b '68?

 Phillis   descended from valuable lines, was formerly owned by Mr Layton and bred by Mr Henry Balls b ’39-70, of The Place - see at right - at Soham   twenty mls NE of Cambridge -  out of Phoebe  bred by Mr Hanbury Ch Duchess ex Governor  - sired by Wolf bred by Mr LL Pemberton - WhyNot ex Bill George Tiger - and owned by Mr Charles Bamford '39-82 of The Leys Cambridge who married in '63 Miss Henrietta Victoria Balls b ‘37 at  Cambridge,  eldest daughter of Charles Balls b ‘10, son of Henry Balls, farm labourer. - Perry' Bankrupt Gazette dd Feb 15 1840 – ‘Henry Balls, sen. Henry Balls, jun. and Charles Balls, of Cambridge, curriers.' – Ed - specialists in leather processing industry. – If it goes about father Henry Balls, and his sons Henry & Charles, it should mean Mr Bamford’ wife Henrietta was cousin of the Mastiff breeder Mr Henry Balls, son of Henry & Harriot Balls. Mr Charles Bamford’ father-in-law Charles  Balls at first became a shoe maker and later a leather merchant who became very wealthy and in 1858-59 Mayor of Cambridge. Being  a market gardener, cowkeeper and dairyman, Mr Henry Balls was adjudged bankrupt  January ’69 and died the following year at Southall – fifteen miles W of London City.

Mr Charles Bamford III, born at Lister Street, Kingston upon Hull, son of Charles Bamford II, a hide  - tanned or dressed skin - merchant and Ann née Holmes. At the time of buying Impington Hall  - Dec '64 -he was an extremely wealthy young gentleman, having first inherited his father' estate in ‘57 and three years later the estate of his grandfather Charles Bamford I, a wine merchant. Having spent a considerable amount of money on not only purchasing the Hall but also refurnishing the Hall, Park, &c, he got into finanical difficulturies and in 1870 was forced to move out of the Hall and  put it up to rent. He offered it for sale in '72, giving as his reason that he was leaving the country but in fact declared insolvent and his residence was sold in auction for £28,500. The sale probably cleared all his debts as when he died his death certificate records his occupation as 'a gentleman'. The family eventually ended up in St Cuthbert' Terrace - Bedford.

The KCSB ’75 mention Bamford’ Samson – perhaps Phillis’ brother  b '68 - having sired a litter dd ’72 bred by Mr William Edgar Anstice b '47 of  Field Heath Hillingdon Uxbridge out of Formosa - bred by Rev Wynne – resulting in Goliath 4448. Field Heath House Hillingdon is described as – ‘Attractive freehold property - spacious family residence containing 10 bed and dressing rooms, two attics,  bath-room, three good reception-rooms on the ground floor, with butlers pantry, kitchen, &c.’ -  The Dudley Guardian dd Oct ’74 mentions – ‘The Attack on a child by dogs - Wm Edgar Anstice was charged before the Uxbridge magistrates yesterday with having kept four ferocious dogs which were not under proper control.’ - Mr Anstice owned also the Bloodhound Solomon I bred by Mr George Henry Rushton b ’30-70 – merchant  & commission agent of Holly Bank Hale nr Bowdon-  who owned  Leo  b ’64, Miss Hales” ch Lion’ older brother, bred by Mr Nichols. Mr Rushton also bred the Mastiff Kingcraft b ’70 out of Sybil – bred by Mr Champness - sired by ch Turk’ brother Knight Templar.

The male Dane b July ’75 & bred by Dr Alfred William Gabb ’19-94, surgeon of Mona House 4 Spring Grove Charlton Kings nr Cheltenham, out of Vesta –  bred by Mr Nichols - Druidess ex Fabius – and sired by ch Granby, was owned by Mr Aaron Alfred Brown ’52-81, merchant – ship bread biscuit manufacturer. He was second son of Mr Aaron Brown ‘14-83, wine and provision merchant operating from 32 Chapel Street Liverpool, who moved into the Italianate Hartfield House – see above - Calderstone-road Allerton - Liverpool, in the 50s and lived there presumably until his death. Dane’ brother Granby Jr was owned by Mr David Hoadly Gabb ’22-90, surgeon of 18 Wellington Square – Hastings. Insert –  Ch Granby’ son Vandal also owned by Mr Aaron Alfred Brown, bred by Mr George John Hart b ’36,  Accountant, Arbitrator, and Valuer of 12 Clement lane – London out of Queen Bess – Mr Morris’ Duchess ex Langsyne -.

The first list of wealthy people goes about those who died between Jan ’73 – Dec ’82 in Great Britain, then populated by approx 25 million people with an average life expectancy of 50y. Seventeen persons leaving more than a million, fifty-eight leaving more than half a million, and a two hundred fifteen (or about one person per 25.000) more than a quarter of a million sterling,  a/o three Reverends, ie Richard Palmer, of Holme Park Sunning Berks & Francis Swan, of Sausthorpe Lincolns 350.000 each, and  Henry Shrubb, of Braboeuf Manor Guildford 300,000.

Millionaires were Baron Lionel Nathan de Rothschild, banker of 148 Piccadilly 2,700,000 and patron of thoroughbred horse racing, under the assumed name of Mr Acton, his colt Sir Bevys won the 1879 Epsom Derby -   During the XIXth century, the Rothschild family possessed the largest private fortune in the world, as well as the largest private fortune in modern world history. The family' wealth was divided among various descendants and today their interests cover a diverse range of fields, including financial services, real estate, mining, energy, mixed farming, winemaking and nonprofits. Mr John Pemberton Heywood, banker of Liverpool 1,900,000 - Earl of Dysart, 31 Norfolk Street  Strand London 1,700,000  - Mr John Michael Williams, Caerhays Castle Cornwall 1,600,000 - Duke of Portland, Cavendish Square 1,500,000 - Mr Thomas Baring, Banker of 8 Bishopsgate 1,500,000 -Mr Thomas Wrigley, paper manufacturer of Timberhurst Lancs 1,300,000 - Mr Edward Riley, merchant of Langworthy, Victoria Park Manchester 1,200,000 - Mr John Remington Mills, Kingswood Lodge Tunbridge 1,200,000 - Mr Robert Crawshay, Iron Master of Cyfartha Castle  Glamorgan 1,200,000 - Mr James Baird,  industrialist of Cambusdoon  Ayrshire 1,190,000 - Sir David Baxter, Ironmaster Dundee 1,098,000 - Baron Wolverton George Glyn, banker of Lombard Street 1,000,000 - Mr Richard Thornton, East India merchant of Streatham Hall  Exeter 1,000,000 - Mr Joseph Love, colliery owner of Mount Beulah Durham 1,000,000 - Mr Edward Mackenzie, banker of Fawley Court Bucks 1,000,000 – and Mr John Penn, marine engineer of the Cedars Lee  Kent 1,000,000.

Mastiff related people were a/o 1) Earl of Dysart, 31 Norfolk Street  Strand London 1,700,000 whose son 9th  Earl of Dysart William John Manners Tollemache ‘59–35 – see at left -,  remained predominately at Ham House – see at right -  Petersham nr Richmond and purchased at £5 5s a brindle male b Nov ’11 bred by Cleveland breeder Mr George Cook out of Adam’ daughter Eugenia sired by Cleveland Leopold. The Earl was born partially sighted and was blind for most of his life, but this did not prevent him from leading a highly active lifestyle. He travelled extensively, to Europe, Russia and Egypt. He also rode, with a leading rein held by a mounted groom, though he fell and dislocated his hip in 1908. 2) Mr Peter Ormrod 1796–’75, 700,000  - of Halliwell Hall & Wyresdale Park,  banker and co-owner of the Bolton cotton spinners firm Ormrod & Hardcastle - owned Bess b ’53 & bred by Mr EP Fanders of Brook Farm - 2nd prize at Leeds ’61 preceded by Mr Lukey’ Countess. 3) Mr Alfred Harris 1801-‘80 300,000 – banker of Oxton Hall Tadcaster Yorks  who had two unmarried daughters, ie Anna Maria b ’36 and Sophia b ’40. One of them bred Hector b July ’73 purchased by Mr WH Richardson of Eastfield House Holderness Turnpike  Hull - out of ch Turk’ daughter Pera sired by Hanbury Lion’ son Victor.

Breeding Mastiffs in the 1870s. - The ‘beautiful symmetical’ bitch Lu - b Nov ’74 out of Paris’ daughter Mabel sired by Mr Green’ ch Monarch – was bred by Mr James Charles Menlove b '49, Fellmonger and Leather Dresser of 97 Merton road Bootle, trading in partnership with Arthur Menlove under the firm of 'Arthur Menlove & Brother' and carrying on business at 69 Sessions road Liverpool. Lu was owned by Mr Thomas Shuttleworth b ’49-05, farmer of Fairview House, later on of Famworth - Widnes nr Liverpool.  He was a local churchman, Conservative Alderman of Widnes, and Great Western Railway Shareholder. He bred Toulouse Geese, gaining weight rapidly – up to nine kg - when there is an abundance of food and no room for exercise, iow an important meat producer and, with its oversized liver, a source of foie gras. . - See at left – Toulouse goose with ‘dewlap’.

Nellie - b ’75 & bred by Mr William Arthur Stillwell b ’46-19,  brewer Elmer’ End Beckenham out of Juno  - Alp ex Barry – sired by Major – Jura ex Leo – seemingly stock related to Mr Henry de Spencer Kingdon - was owned by Mr W R Bryden, architect of Westward Ho - North Devon. – See at right – Mr H de S Kingdon’ Alp -. Rufus b ’75 owned & bred by Mr Philip Edward Gray b ’34 out of Mr Green ch Monarch’ daughter Juno sired by Monarch’ Leo. Mr Gray was Bird Bolt Inn – see centre - keeper at Cambridge, Wine - spirits & cigar merchant, and refreshment contractor of Gable House Chesterton who went bankrupt in ’76 which was annuled later on. Nov ’79 - Household furniture, Rockery, Glass, Cutlery & Plated Goods at auction by Wisbey & Son directed by Mr Philip Edward Gray, who is leaving England. His wife Harriet née Harper b ’32 Cambridge died in ‘85 at Houston Texas.

Hippolyte b ’76 & bred by Mr Edwin Nichols out of ch Granby’ Jessy sired by Big Ben was owned by Mr William Henry Holt b ’24-00, professor of music Rush Hill - Bath. Wolf - b ’76 out of Monarch’ daughter Countess sired by ch Punch - was owned by Mr RJ Leng, solicitor of High Bondgate Bishop Auckland Durham who also fancied St Bernards. Leo b ’78 & bred by Mr James Hutchings - out of Juno sired by Mr Wynne' Monarch’ son Pluto - was owned by Herr Professor Alexander S Krueger Velthusen b ’34, teacher of languages - Mount Pleasant Road Newton Abbot - fifteen mls S of Exeter -, later on of Mount Radford Exeter & Albion Terrace Exmouth.

Mr Edwin Nichols born ’25 at Ide nr Exeter, passed away at Ford Lodge Alphington-road Exeter July 29th ’02, only few weeks before the death dd Sept 7th '02 of another Mastiff breeder, ie Mr James Hutchings ’53 who resided at Laurel cottage 49 Ide lane, a ¼ mile from Ford Lodge. - At left - view of Ide’ High Street. -     July 21, 1893 - ‘Lovers of dogs, in this county their name is legion. may be pleased to hear that the - Father of the Fancy - or be it affectionately called by his admirers – Fa Nichols -, is on visit to this city. Born in 1825 at Ide, about two miles from the river Faithful aka Exe, in his teens he became noted at the various wrestling and ploughing matches of the neighbourhood. After winning his laurels in these sports, he tamed his attention to dogs, and obtained a splendid Newfoundland from a vessel unloading on the Exe. Like many other Devonians life was too tame for his energies, so he …’

He moved to the West area of Great London, entered the coal trade business residing successively at different locations but ending up at St Abbots Terrace Kensington. -  July 21, 1893. A newspaper dd ’02 reports - ‘The Brave Newfoundland Best Friend to-day almost extinct. In the United States the animals have vanished completely, and had it not been for Edwin Nichols, South Kensington, they would have died out here as well. Nichols is now sole breeder of Newfoundlands in the world. Even in the land of its origin there are very few fine specimens the Newfoundland dog now found. The most common and numerous Newfoundlands are a wretched mongrel race, cowardly …’ At right – Mr Edwin Nichols’ Newfoundland ch Lord Nelson  bred by Mrs Elizabeth Cunliffe Lee. - 'He astonished the Newfoundland world, as he combined great size with all the points of a good dog. Brought out at the Crystal Palace he cleared the board, won great honours for several years, but eventually he grew rather coarse, and had to make way for others.’ -

OEMC President 1949-62,  Mr Guy Percival Greenwood - b ’80-62 at Ulverston, was the son of James Greenwood ’50-32 & Elizabeth née Barritt of  Hillcrest  Castle Road  Colne [latin ~ ‘Colunio’]  20 miles West of Bradford. His father was according to the Census 1901 ‘farmer and currier’ [leather merchant] followed up by his son Guy Percival incl the pipe-smoking habit.  Regarding James’ profession it could be possible that he maintained contacts with another leather merchant, Albert Andrews of Stafford [90 mls South of Colne], the breeder of champions Lord Stafford b 08/1887, Lady Florida b 02/1888 [ch Montgomery’ daughter Vistula ex ch Beaufort].

James bred Ancient Briton, born 1 December 1887. Unfortunately the name ‘Ancient Briton’ isn’t mentioned by the Kennel Club Stud Book extracts , they only give one litter bred by James Greenwood, namely in ‘04 containing Sir Kenneth - out of Meg Merrilees - Lady C olunio ex Ben Nevis – sired by ch Peter Piper’ son Kruger out of Mark Antony’ daughter Aunt Chloe. Lady Colunio  shows not only an  expression similar to ‘Ancient Briton’ but also a similar slackness in back & hocks; maybe Lady Colunio was an ‘Ancient Briton’ descent. Sir Kenneth got the challenge award at Darlington 1908 under Dr J Sidney Turner, Cleveland Leopold’ brother Wm Price’ Monarch & George Cook’ champion Felix respectively 2nd & 3rd, and beating ch Countess Invicta for Best of Breed.   The KCSB mention two litters  sired by Sir Kenneth, both bred by Lt-Col Zaccheus Walker of Acocks Green; the one out of Dowager Duchess produced two champions [Britain’ Belle & British’ Queen], the other out of Lady Playful resulting in Village Squire & Village Pride.

Mr Guy P Greenwood’ best known Mastiffs were 1) ch Prince brother ch Duke b Jan ’24 & bred by Mrs John Evans of St Helier Jersey. He got his cc’s under Mr Wm JM Atkin, of Yarborough Street Grimsby, at Edinburgh – res ch Westcroft Blaise, Mr Sam Crabtree at Birmingham – res ch Prince & Mr JJ Holgate at Edinburgh – res ch Arolite; 2) ch Benvolio who got his cc’s under Mr Chris Houlker at Edinburgh – res Menai Anglesea, Mr Herbert Cook at Manchester – res ch Havengore Bill, Mr Theo Marples at Darlington – res ch Cleveland Premier, & Mr JG Joice at Leeds – res ch Cleveland Premier.

Mr Guy P Greenwood’ four breedings – Sir Galahad May ’23 out of Poor Joe’ dau Noyna Duchess sired by Adamite’ son Country Squire; Desdemona June ’25 out of ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ dau Cordelia sired by Sir Galahad; Bronygarth Bess & Lady Dorina Feb ’25 out of Cordelia’ sis Lorna Doone sired by Country Squire; Parsifal & Kundry Feb ‘26 out of Adamite’ dau Fantine sired by ch Duke. Mr Guy P Greenwood’ ch Benvolio b Feb ’27 was bred by Mr Edwin Percy Crofton b ’81-63, accountant of South Shields - coastal town at the mouth of the River Tyne - out of Bronygarth Bess sired by ch Duke. - Above at left – Country Squire, centre Sir Galahad at at left Fantine – above at right - Keighley Show ‘28/29 fr l to r – Mr GP Greenwood & Bronygarth Bess, Mr EP Crofton? & ch Benvolio, and at right Mr James Greenwood with Fantine.

Feb ‘25 – ‘James Greenwood, Colne, for £l00 damage for injuries and damages to his motor car.’ - March ‘27 - 'Motorist fined— At the Nelson Police Court Guy P Greenwood, Hill Crest, was fined 20s. including costs for driving motor car without license. The license expired September last year.’ - Aug ’32 – ‘Committee was appointed to nominate successor to Mrs James Greenwood, Colne, who held the office of circuit schools' secretary with distinction for 16 years and now desires to resign.’– Jan ’34 - ‘Obituary. Much sympathy has been expressed with Mr Guy Percival Greenwood, of Hillcrest Castle Road Colne, in the sad loss he has sustained by the death of his wife Ethel née Harrison, which occurred in her 56th  year in a Nursing Home.’ -  May ’40 – ‘Special Constable - an auxiliary or part-time law enforcement officer - Guy Percival Greenwood joined the special constabulary September 8th 1914. He received the long-service medal in 1919 and the first long-service bar in 1929. - May ‘47 – ‘Death of Ethel May née Coar 65 years, wife Guy Percival Greenwood of Hillcrest. The deceased lady was well-known both in Colne and Nelson.’ -  April ‘52 – ‘Hillcrest Castle Road Colne with the grounds appartenant thereto, the whole containing 9,018 yards. The dence, which was erected 1922 regardless of cost, is brick-built with rough cast elevations and red tiled roof.’ –

Two miles from Colne, ie  at Bank House Barrowford, lived the Wiseman family of Higherford Mill cotton spinners – see above at left - with 489 looms, printers, twills and satteens. Mr Thomas  Holt Wiseman b ’00, son of Mr Robert Holt Wiseman who died in ’23 leaving £122,045, owned 1) Goldhawk Judy b '27 & bred by Mr Fred J Hawkings out of G- Fairy sired by Cleveland Chancellor and 2) Boy Harold b Aug ’37 & bred by Mr Harold H(orace) Burwood, of Wharfedale Wood Street Village nr Guildford, - out of Cleveland Comedian' grand-dau Deleval Boadicea sired by ch Uther Penarvon -. Mr Burwood bred another litter b Sept ’38. There’s a reference to a ‘Mr Harold Horace Burwood’ re trip made on a Brixham Trawler from Milford haven to the Cocus islands in 1933 looking for hidden Pirate treasure.

Boy Harold’ sisters were Miss Ianthe Bell’ Cydella & Hortia owned by Mrs Elsie Millie M Park née Fisher b ’89-84 of Brunwins farm – see above at right - 67 East Hanningfield Road Rettendon Common –, who married in ’15  Mr Stanley William Park ’91-77 and bred already a Mastiff litter in '27 out of Risebridge Betty sired by ch Woden resulting in Beau Brummel as also Cocker Spaniels, Persian cats & goats.  She mated Hortia in ’39 to ch Havengore Christopher owned by Mrs Scheerboom - living 15 mls away at Southend on Sea - resulting in Brunwins Robin and in ’43 she mated Hortia to her son Brunwins Robin resulting in Havengore Victoria owned by Mrs Scheerboom and Coldblow Sally, the original post-war II foundation brood owned by  Mrs Park' friend Mrs L J Head’  - initials provided by Mr Douglas Oliff p 62 -. From a geographical point of view and within the time frame, there’s yet a ‘Mrs Lilian R Head’ b ’97 who died in ’60 at Rochford nearby Southend-on-Sea and about ten miles from Mrs Park’ Brunwins farm at Rettendon. The name Coldblow may refer to the namesake area within the borough Bexley, where Harbex BM breeders Florence & Ted Warren of Hartford Cottage lived, ie at Albert Road Bexley Kent – ca 30 mls SW of Rettendon - and had devoted their lives to breeding BM brindles. An advert dd Aug ’49 mentions – ‘Grand Bull Mastiff Puppies by Harbex Peregrine - splendid guards. – Mrs Park, Rettendon Common Chelmsford.’ – Note - Harbex Peregrine was the first brindled BM male to win a cc, ie under Mr Cyril R Leeke at LKA ’48. One source mentions that Frithend Nydia’ sire Templecoombe Torus was bred by Mrs Button of Bexhill on Sea nr Hastings – out of Harbex Lydia sired by ch Springwell Major.  Probably some coincidence, but the Bexhill on Sea Observer dd ’51 mentions amongst the mourners of Mrs EE Head ‘Mr and Mrs L J Head’, son and daughter-in-law.

After Torus’ master was killed in the bombing of the South  Coast, he became rescued by Miss Marian D R Fawell b ‘22, daughter of Mr Stafford Henry Fawell ‘85-76 of Templecoombe East Grinstead, director of the pharmacy firm ‘AJ White Ltd’ and son of the late Leonard Fawell, of Mayfield Kingswood Road Shortlands - Kent, former chairman of the same firm .

Hero of Haugh b March ’36 was, according the KCSB, bred/owned by Mr ‘H S P’ Gowen out of Winsley Whisper sired by Deleval Ascelin. Just like Boy Harold, the name may refer to his owner. The Bath Chronicle dd May ‘38 mentions – ‘At the West of England dog Mr H S P Gowen of Winsley was well situated aiming the prize-winners gaining first and second the novice class and first undergraduate.' - Hero’ dam Winsley Whisper b June ’34 out of Majestic’ dau Trym Tawnn sired by Jacques b Oct ‘26, the latter sired by Sanox bred by Miss Allen out of ch Weland’ dau Portia sired by Mr G Cook’ Adamite. Winsley Whisper and her sis Mr AC Barker’ Leonora of Seamills Reach were bred by Miss ET or EF Gore, arguably of Bristol.

Although the initials ‘H S P’ don’t correspond, there was a Mr H S aka Herbert Stevens Gowen b ’77-60 living at The Glen 55 Bradley Road Trowbridge and in the 1920s moving up five miles West to Upper Haugh farm – see at right -  Winsley  – 15 mls SE of Bristol & river Trym –. Upper Haugh farm was adverted in 1894 as - ‘Mixed Farm about 74 acres, with capital Homestead, Cottage and Outbuildings.’ – Mr Herbert Stevens Gowen was the son of Mr Joseph Gowen ’52-29 & Mrs Emma Drewett Mead née Stevens ’56-41, of ‘Gowen & Stevens’ - Sanitary Engineers, Decorators, Carpenters, Joiners, &c - Roundstone street – see at right blue arrow - Trowbridge, a firm founded in ’63 by his maternal grandfather Mr Joseph Stevens and closed down in the late 1930s.

Mr Ben Bennett' Broomcourt Hugette - see at left -  b April ’34 & bred by Mr Hubert Granville Starley b ’09 at Skipton, Deputy Managing   Champion Sparking Plug Co Ltd, Feltham - London, out of Snowflake sired by ch Cleveland Hugo owned by Mr Eric Newcombe, transport & haulage contractor of Mayswood House Mayswood Road Wootton Wawen nr Birmingham - and chairman of the Leamington Spa’ Associated Road Operators Ltd. Snowflake was out of Jacques’ sis Churchtown Lady Bess – Dinah ex Sanox – sired by Hellingly Raymond  bred by Mrs K McRae of the Home Farm Gardens Rydens Road Walton on Thames out of Arolite’ sis Retour Rational ex ch Cleveland Premier.

Hubert Granville Starley’ CV - CBE FIMI FID. Great grandson of James Starley, inventor of the bicycle and to whom a monument stands in Coventry as the founder of the cycle industry, grandson of William Starley, inventor of the differential gear. 1925 - selling and repairing motor cycles. Car Salesman in California U.S. for Chrysler Distributor. 1929 - joined Champion Sparking Plug Co. Ltd.  1932 - married Lilian Amy Heron. Private Address - 215 London Road Twickenham – London.1941 - Organiser of Motor Industry Fighter Fund, which donated k 110,000 for a Spitfire Squadron. Personal Assistant to Lord Beaverbrook, when Minister of Supply. Organiser of National Recruitment of Women into Industry. Organiser of National Industrial Mobile Squads for the creation of new munition production. 1942 - Member of Executive Council, Royal Society of St George. 1943-45 Adviser to Air Ministry and Ministry of Aircraft Production on Preservation, Identification, and Packaging of Warlike Stores. 1943-45 - Chairman Army Council Committee on the Preservation, Identification and Pre-Packing of Warlike Stores. 1944 - Chairman Anglo American Packaging Exhibition Committee. 1944 - Member Barlow Mission to USA. Chairman Accessory & Components Manufacturers' Section of Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders. Chairman Disposal Panel of Mechanised Spare Parts. Member Public Relations Committee of the Motor Industry. 1945 - Director, Aims of Industry Ltd. 1946 - Chairman Motor Industry Jubilee Committee. Liveryman of Company of Coachmakers and Coach Harness Makers. 1960 - purchased Mr Jack Barclay'  Rolls Royce Silver Cloud II - see at right - originally registered 'YLM 492'. His Interests - Model Railways & Music. Clubs - Royal Automobile, Royal Thames Yacht, Royal Mid-Surrey Golf, Roadfarers', Veteran Car, Clef Birmingham.

Ch Broomcourt Hugo’ daughter Broomcourt Hugette b ’34 was owned by Broomcourt breeder Ben Bennett of Rotherham until ’39 when Mr Fred Bowles took her over and got a 2nd mid-limit at the Big Breeds Canine Society Olympia London. Ch Broomcourt Hugo’ maternal grandson Mr Illingworth’ Broomcourt John b Aug ’37 got two cc’s in ’39, ie at Manchester in March under Mr Sam Crabtree and at the last pre-WWII Mastiff cc show - Harrogate under S Warburton in September. The outbreak of WWII made an early end at his show career, just like it also was  for other youngsters, a/o Maiville Roy b April ’37 & bred by Mr Leonard Crook out of King Leon’ dau Tiddicar Ranee sired by Tiddicar Black Prince. Roy got a 2nd Limit at Manchester ’39 owned by Mrs M Mellor of Sykeroyd Holmefield Avenue Cleveleys nr Bispham Blackpool.

Kim Thundercloud Thunderer b Feb ’24 & bred by Westcroft breeder Mrs  Constance Kennett of Lower Early nr Reading out of ch Westcroft Cleopatra – see at right next to Miss Bell’ ch Woden - sired by Mr G Cook’ brindle Adamas. Kim Thundercloud Thunderer got  a res cc at Edinburgh under Mr W JM Atkin – cc Mr P Barritt’ Mirfield Duchess by ch Ashenhurst Cedric - . She was owned by Miss Margaret Ann Cecil Campbell Swinton b ‘94, daughter and heiress of Mr John Liulf Campbell-Swinton '58-20 4th of Kimmerghame House – see at left -, near the Blackadder Water at Duns  Scottish Borders - Member of Royal Company of Archers, The Queens Bodyguard for Scotland. Her uncle Mr Alan Archibald Campbell-Swinton '63-30 was a consulting electrical engineer who provided the theoretical basis for the electronic television, two decades before the technology existed to implement it. He began experimenting around 1903 with the use of cathode ray tubes for the electronic transmission and reception of images. Miss MAC Campbell-Swinton sold in ’38 the Baronial mansion Kimmerghame House to her cousin Alan Henry Campbell Swinton  and died at Worthing nr Brighton in ’76.

King Lear b Sept ’10 from the 1st KC reg litter bred by Mr Archibald Brookes b ‘84 of  Strelley Street Bullwell - out of Marton Princess Thelma sired by Bullwell Boy - was owned by Captain George Harrison Ballantyne of Glenrosa – see above at left - Peebles, twenty mls S of Edinburgh. King Lear got a 3rd Open at Edingburgh ‘11 under Mr Midgley Marsden – cc ch Brompton Duke, 2nd ch British Monarch. His dam Princess Thelma was out of Prince Hampton’ grand-daughter Marton Peggy sired by ch Felix’ brother Dick Marton; his sire Bullwell Boy – Nottingham Quenie’ sis -was out of Diamond unr sired by ch Felix’ sire Nuneaton Lion. Mr A Brookes purchased Widmere Lady b  ’07 bred by Miss CM Garland out of Buena Venture unr sired by ch Hazlemere Ronald and mated her to his Brindled Prince which produced ch Lidgett Viscount  & sis Leoneha whom he mated to ch Brompton Duke’ brother Broderick Defender resulting in Parkgate Duchess and mated to 1) Viscount’ son Lidgett Conqueror gave Brindled Monarch, and to  2) Wingfield Priam - Mr Stubbs’ Eve ex Prince Lie A Bed - produced Canadian ch Beowulf – see below at left - owned by Mrs Ingle of Rochester nearby Lake Ontario. 

Meanwhile Mr Archibald Brookes moved to 25 Ashwood Road Parkgate Rotherham. A newspaper dd ’70 mentions a – Joseph Brookes, trammer - mineworker - of Parkgate.' - In ’02 - ‘Ashwood Road Workmen Club’ was opened at Parkgate, total cost about £2.500 which has been lent to the committee – Mr John Henry Sanders being stewart - by Mr John Smith of Tadcaster Brewery.' - An advert from The Illustrated Kennel News mentions – ‘At  stud, Bullwell Boy, finest young fawn Mastiff in Midlands, winner and proved stock-getter. Photo & particulars – Mr James Hubbard & Son, 22 Hempshill lane Bullwell nr Nottingham.’  In ’15 – ‘Mastiff men are pleased to find that one of the few supporters of this variety living at Parkgate in the person Mr Archibald Brookes who is a vice-president of the local canine society, and still retains membership the Old English Mastiff Club.' - In ’27 he married Miss Gladys Matthewman.

 King Lear’ owner Captain George Harrison Ballantyne b ‘86, of Glenrosa Peebles, was the son of Sir Henry Ballantyne '55-41 – see above centre - of Minden Peebles, Provost of the Royal Burgh of Peebles and the President of the Liberal Association whose grandfather Mr Henry Ballantyne, and his numerous sons were busy founding Tweedvale Mills at Walkerbum nr Innerleithen. This tweed factory called ‘D Ballantyne & Co’ was the beginning of that movement which changed a shepherd’ cottage into a thriving village of over thousand-five-hundred inhabitants. Caerlee Mills of Innerleithen, one of the oldest manufactories in the Borderland, founded in the 18th c, had passed into the hands of the proprietors of the Waverley Mills, and they—the uncles of Sir Henry—disposed of Caerlee Mills to his firm, who thus employ between 600 and 700 people.

His son Captain GH Ballantyne married in ’10 Miss Virginia Eyre, daughter of Mr Lincoln Lear Eyre, lawyer  of Philaphelphia. Quote – ‘Miss Virginia Eyre, one of the most-feted debutantes of this season, was educated abroad, and it was in Europe that she met the man who is to become her husband. No date for the wedding has been set. This Woman Keeps One Hundred Cats.’

Their Mastiff King Lear, arguably named after Shakespeare’ tragedy depicting the gradual descent into madness of the title character, after he disposes of his kingdom giving bequests to two of his three daughters based on their flattery of him -, may have been some joke referring to her father Lincoln Lear Eyre… - They lived at Glenrosa, a merchant’ house built in ‘85 standing amidst its own walled gardens which extend down to the River Irvine and includes a small paddock of half an acre. In ‘11 – ‘He imported some dogs.’ & in ’13 – ‘He also appears in the Peebles Beltane Festival - of local legend, history and tradition - where he is listed as being Cornet’. – In ’15 – ‘Captain George Harrison Ballantyne being transferred from the 8th Battalion Royal Scots Lothian Regiment  to 7th Fife Battalion, The Black Watch Royal Highlanders.’

In ‘21 – ‘Gardiner Gillespie, SSC Edinburgh, and others, acting trustees under a minute of agreement dated February ‘20, between the late George Harrison Ballantyne, who resided at Glenrosa Peebles, and his wife Mrs Virginia Eyre or Ballantyne,of 53 Eaton Terrace Belgravia London. The action was raised against the Scottish Amicable Life Assurance Society.’ Passengers lists leaving UK from Southampton to New York mentions for ‘23 Mrs Virginia Ballantyne b ’92 and her daughter Virginia b ‘12.  - Above at right – Capt GH Ballantyne’ McLeod telescope made by the world-famous London firm Negretti & Zambra.

The KC Registrations for ‘28 mention Moon b Dec ’25 & bred by Mr Ambrose Mott of Pinxton - out of Pinxton Lady sired by Wantley King Baldur - owned by Mrs I Roberts; the OEMC Handbook for ’28 mentions as member Mrs Roberts residing at Court House Kidlington Oxon. It arguably goes here about Mrs  Irene Charlotte Roberts née D'Orsey Dunn ’01-77 who married in ’27 at Uppingham Rutlandshire Sir James Denby Roberts ’04-73, and enthusiast of hunting horses and, according to then newspapers, also residing at Court House Kidlington. She also owned Modragh b '28 & bred by Mr  Thomas Jessop Bone - out of Miss Bell Lady Hildur’ sis Commonside Lass sired by ch Menai Juno’ brother Menai Anglesea.

His grand-father Sir James Roberts ’48-35 of Bradford went into business, sourcing merino wool from Russia. In ’93 he took over Salts Mill nr Bradford from the family of the founder Sir Titus Salt ’03-76, the one who owned Bill George Tiger’ sire Lion, and saved it from bankruptcy. When he retired from Salts Mill in the 1920s, he moved to his Scottish estate Strathallan Castle and also had a house in London.  Later he and his wife – see at left - lived in a beautiful house called Fairlight Hall nr Hastings where they both died within months of each other in 1935. At right - Bandstand, statue and Half Moon Pavilion in the centre of Roberts Park Saltaire.

OEMC member Miss Francis of The Old House Tetbury – 30 mls E of Bristol – may have been step-daughter of Dr James Bernard Chalmers Francis ’74-49, surgeon of dd ’28 The Old House Tetbury– a Grade II listed large town house, early C17 with mid C18 street front - see at right. -

The 1911 census mentions at 8 Victoria House South Lambeth - James Bernard Chalmers Francis Head Single 36 Surgeon - Wilma Caroline Henry Sasse  Housekeeper Widow b ’79 Germany House Keeper – Marie Wilhelmine Sasse, daughter b ‘98 Kensington.

According to the Free BMD Dr Francis seems to have married Wilma' daughter Marie at Lambeth in 1915, although the second initial for Marie isn't quite right - J, not W - the coincidence is hard to ignore. He divorced and married in ’21 at Brackley Margaret E Francis, arguably Miss Francis’ mother.

Amongst the other OEMC members dd ’28 were 1) Mr Frederick  William Holt, of The Grove Wishaw, was a wholesale dairyman breeder of live-stock -Tamworth pigs & poultry and contractor. 2) Mr A E Brookes, of  Alma Tavern 25 Westgate Street Rotherham, was a publican. 3) Mrs Cox, of The Cross Street Somerset, was the wife of Mr Sidney James Cox, constructional engineer of The Cross Street, later on live-stock farmer and haulage contractor.  4) Mr Arthur Temple Somerville, of 32 Broadleigh Road Withington nr Manchester, was police Chief-Inspector. 5) Messrs Arthur Tillitson Wilson & James Davies Wilson, both of Hall Brow Workington Cumberland, were partners in a 'Chocolate Biscuit Toffee and Novelty Club' confectionery firm.

Exhibition item No 48 of ‘Magnificent Molossers’ 15th Feb – 28th July 2017 – by The Kennel Club Art Gallery led by Ms Luisa Foster, presents fr l to r – ch King’ son Monarch b ’67 bred by Mr MB Wynne, Monarch’ son Anlaf b ’70 bred by Rev Ralph Owen Yearsley of Sutton Bonnington nr Loughborough – out of his Chloe by ch Turk, another Monarch’ son Brindled Pluto b ’73 bred by Mr MB Wynne out of Druid’ daughter Brenda , and two pics of another Monarch’ son, ie Brindled Pluto b ’73 bred by Mr MB Wynne - out of Druid’ daughter Brenda – successively owned by Dr Hill and Mr James Hutchings.

The then newspapers don’t mention a ‘Dr Hill’ in Devon, Dorset or Cornwall but, given the fact Mr MB Wynne’ father Rev Robert Wynne MA b ’22 - was scholar of Wadham College Oxford and between '56-65 vicar of Corhampton Wiltshire, there might have been a link to a Rev Dr Richard Humphrey Hill of same year of birth b ’22,  Head Master of Magdalen College Oxford - half a mile from Wadham College -, later on Head Master Beaumaris Grammar school to be Minor Canon & Precentor of Bangor Cathedral, and finally Rector of St Albright Colchester - 120 mls from Scalford - from ’74 until  his death in ’91 recorded in Wiltshire. Born at Wolverton Somerset, son of Rev Humphrey Hill ’00-68, vicar of Britford Salisbury who died in ’68 at Alderbury, ca thirty mls from Rev Robert Wynne' parish Corhampton Wiltshire.

Brindled Pluto became the foundation stud of Mr Hutchings '53-02 by siring the first three Exeter litters, the most important being out of Devonshire Cleopatra and resulting in the next E- stud Niger ’75-79; a ‘dark brindle with black head’.  The whole Exeter bred stock traces back to Brindled Pluto; the last Exeter litter, ie  dd June ’94 was bred from E- Boebe’ fawn grandchildren E- Beatrice and E- Boanerges, both 7th generation descents of Brindled Pluto.

Their fawn son Exeter Boss was owned by Mr Charles Arthur Rowe - b ’67 Exeter - of Canons Marsh Bristol. Rowe Brothers Ltd operated a lead rolling works - see at left - at Canons Marsh wharf in Bristol' floating harbour; the Rowe Bros Company originally started in Exeter manufacturing and selling brass and sanitary ware. Exeter Gazette dd ‘45 – ‘Mr Charles Arthur Rowe, of 7 Wellswood Park - Torquay nicknamed the ‘English Riviera’ -, lead merchant & chairman of Rowe Bros & Co Ltd Exeter, died on December 27th.’  -    Above at right – Mr Charles Edward Rowe ’50-14 of Loma Loma 83 Heavitree Road Exeter, Mayor Exeter ’02 – partner in Rowe Brothers Ltd - ? uncle or cousin of Mr Charles Arthur Rowe. Other Exeter Mayors were in ’19 Mr Thomas Bradley Rowe ‘63–36, lead merchant of Lafrowda 98 Pennsylvania Road Exeter & in ’29 Mr Harold Charles Rowe’78-41, of Deepdene Matford Avenue Exeter, for many years director and secretary of  Rowe Bros and Co Ltd, builders’ merchants.

Mr Rowe aside, there only were five other people who owned a KCSB reg Exeter bred Mastiff, ie 1) Leo b ’78 owned by Herr Professor Alexander S Krueger Velthusen b ’34, teacher of languages - Mount Pleasant Road Newton Abbot - fifteen mls S of Exeter – once aide-de-camp to Emperor Wilhelm I but later joined the French Foreign Legion and was decorated for acts of gallantry during the Italian war of Independence - in ‘05 he became 2nd prize in a waist contest measuring 62 inches… , 2) the fawn female Beaufoy b ’86 owned by Mr Walter Raymond b ‘61 of Thorngrove - see at left - Gillingham Dorset, son of Mr John Gatehouse Raymond ’25-09, of Thorngrove, Gillingham, Dorset, later on of 7 Pulteney Street Bath,  the Grove family’ estate agent of who left £48,768,  3) the apricot fawn ch Admiral’ son Exeter Abas - owned by Mr  Tom Simmonds, undertaker of High street Newnham Glos. 4) the fawn King Jeff b ‘87 owned by Miss Betsy Chettle ’52-29, daughter of Rev William Walker Chettle b ’27-99 of Bradley Vicarage Bilston Staffs & 5) the fawn Heavitree Turk b ’90 owned by Mr Courtenay Harry Edmonds ’47-23, of Mote lodge - see centre - Heavitree nr Exeter; he was partner of Edmonds & Co County-chambers Exeter, in the trade or business of Ship Insurance, and General Brokers, Commission Agents, and Merchants. In 1894 the painter Harry E James –Royal Artist  -is recorded as living at Mote Lodge Heavitree. Mr Edmonds’ wife Mrs Emma Edmonds is also recorded as a ‘painter’ and perhaps she knew the art works of Richard Ansdell (1815-’85) , owner of Lyme Hall Leo, the one behind first-class early pedigreed Mastiff stock. At right – City Chambers Gandy Street Exeter where Mr Hutchings had his solicitor’ office, presently occupied by one of UK’ hundred-forty Zizzi Italian restaurants.

Brindled Pluto' G5 descent Admiral b '84 - Gwalior' daughter E- Dulce sired by ch Crown Prince' brother Prince Charlie - was Mr Hutchings best Mastiff, a/o winning 1st  prize at Birmingham Dec ‘87 under the all-rounder judge Major Harding-Cox [Newick~Sussex]  who wrote ~ ‘The dog class was moderate in quality but there were many entries. After some consideration, I placed James Hutchings’ Admiral first; he is a good dog , but has a somewhat sour expression.’ Some months earlier at Ranelagh [July ‘87] MB Wynne reported as  ~ ‘Admiral [Beaufort excepted], the heaviest and best bodied dog in the show , seems a trifle weak in one of his hocks, and is spoilt by his pointed [but not long] muzzle , in line of profile looking wedge-shaped rather than square, and possessing no pendulosity of lip to cover it. In fact, what with his capital skull, he possesses a type of head far too common in low bred pug dogs, a type of head that cannot be too well guarded against in a Mastiff dog.’ - At the Royal Cornwell Agricultural Show June ’88 Mr Hutchings’ Admiral won  the Silver cup presented by Spratt's Patent, for the best dog in the non-sporting classes.   Admiral [together with Richard Cook’ Imperial Chancellor b '83 & Joseph Evans' Brahma b '83] was chosen by the canine journal ‘ The Stock-Keeper ‘ [see issue February 1898] under the editorship of George Krehl as an example for a breed portrait which certainly was an honour to his ‘ Exeter ‘ kennels! Mr MB Wynne wrote in an article for The America Kennel Register – ‘The undersized old Gwalior (10,547 - brindle) looked more like a keeper' Bull Mastiff or night dog than the real thing.  Benedict Benedict – ed Gwalior’ dau Boebe ex Prince Charlie -  being unworthy of the judges notice. Og and Beaumaris - ed Niger' dau Mischief ex ch Beau - are rank outsiders, and very dear at their catalogue price of £40 each.’ -

Mr James Hutchings’ Exeter stock was founded upon Brindled Pluto bred by Mr MB Wynne. His first four litters were out of 1) Storm sis to Mr MB Wynne’ Young Governor, bred by Mr Blight and sired by Lipscombe’ Cromwell – Pemberton Jenny ex Lukey’ Governor, 2)  Diona, daughter of Paris – ch Turk ex Ashford’ Juno 3) Juno unr & 4) Devonshire Cleopatra – bred by Mr J Blight out of Storm sired by Mr Head’ Caesar, the latter out Mr Wynne Old Norah’ daughter Vixen sired by  Cromwell - Pemberton Wolf' sis Jenny ex Governor - owned by Mr Lipscombe.

Perhaps it was Mr Robert Hartley Lipscombe ‘33, of Sion House - see below centre - East Budleigh – ca twenty mls from Colyton -, who died in ’92 at Funchal – Madeira. He was for 27 years land agent & steward of the Honourable Mark George Kerr Rolle ’35-07  - see below at right - of Stevenstone St Giles in the Wood, High Sheriff of Devon in ’64, a DL of Devon and High Steward of Barnstaple. Due to an inheritance from his uncle by marriage, John Rolle, 1st Baron Rolle ‘50–‘42, he became the largest private landowner in Devon, and according to the Return of Owners of Land dd ‘73 his landholdings, of which he was life-tenant under his uncle' will, extended to 55,000 acres. He was a prolific philanthropist, builder and restorer of churches, farmhouses & cottages, the latter for his estate workers.

Western Morning News - Plymouth dd Nov ‘92 – ‘A Whippet and an enormous Mastiff belonging to Mrs Blight, Dodbrook House, were found lying dead on the lawn in front the house on Monday forenoon. Both were trainable dogs. The Whippet was being specially trained for coursing, and Mrs Blight' Mastiff, named ‘Norman’, was a noble-looking beast, much praised not only by its owner, but by everybody, especially children in the neighbourhood.' -There’s a time lapse  but it may be possible that Mr Hutchings’ broods Storm & Devonshire Cleopatra were bred by Mr John Thomas Blight b ’22-88, tanner of Dodbrook House - see above at left -Millbrook - ca sixty mls SW of Exeter. Kelly’ directory of '56 lists the tanneries in Millbrook as being owned by members of the Blight family, Blight & Edwards, JT Blight & Sons. Chas Blight is given as a leather currier in '85 and lived in Dodbrook House. - 'Some of the hides were from local slaughter houses but the majority were brought by boat, scraped off, and then put in pits for  3 months. The tan was prepared by grinding the bark of trees in a mill, put into drying lofts and rolled on big rollers,  The tanyard closed in 1903.' -– Given the time frame and the geographic location, Mrs Blight' Mastiff Norman may have been bred by Mr James Hutchings of Exeter within a distance of ca sixty mls.

Mr Hutchings’ next broods were mostly Exeter bred, except for 1x Oma b '80 bred by Mr J Blight out of Juno sired by Brindled Pluto, 2x Digit b '80 bred by Mr A Wilson of Commercial  road Exeter - owner of Jumbo VI b '81 out of Bessie sired by Dreams -, and Dorothy - sis to ch His Majesty King Canute’ & ch Cambrian Princess bred by Mr HG Woolmore. He used five outside studs, ie 1/2) Mr Beaufoy’ champions Nero & Beau, the latter’ son Beaumaris b '81 sired the most Exeter litters, ie five,  3) ch Pontiff’ brindle brother Gwalior bred by Mr Edgar Hanbury and owned by him until purchased by Lord Arthur Cecil - OEMC 1st President who also purchased Mr Hutchings’ Iris - sis to Oma b ’80, 4) ch Crown Prince’ brother Prince Charlie & finally in ’87 ch Beaufort – then owned by Dr Turner. - Note – Exeter Signor b ’84 out of Digit sired by Gwalior’ son Titus was purchased by the Belgian Monsieur Nicolas Corbelin of 18 Rue des Hirondelles Brussels, editor of Le Soir newspaper. - Above at left - Prince Charlie' brother ch Prince Regent in front of Gwalior' brother ch Pontiff, both owned by Mr Mark Hanbury Beaufoy of Lambeth - London.

Advert dd 17 July 1880 – ‘Mastiffs for sale, brindled or fawn.—Particulars and appointment to inspect of ‘Mastiff’, Exeter and County Club Musgrave House Exeter.’ – Freemasons’ Musgrave House incl a superior governess, steward & stewardess ‘wanted to manage and cook for the club’, waiter and billiard room, was located at 9 Gandy Street next to Mr Hutchings’ office address 25 Gandy Street Exeter. Exeter breeder Mr James Hutchings of Laurel Cottage - see at right incl Brindled Pluto insert - Alphington married in Jan ’87 Miss Mary Jane Westcott b ’63, daughter of the late William Robert Westcott '38, of St Thomas Exeter. The Westcott family was connected with the once thriving handmade serge industry in the city and the ancient Guild of Tuckers and Weavers. Notwithstanding the quality of blood and the fact Mr Hutchings was by far the most productive Mastiff breeder of his time, he never made up a champion or   anyone else bred a champion from an Exeter bred  parent. Reason  therefore might have been the then inpopularity of brindles - although about the half of Exeter litters were - out of fawns/sired by fawns - and perhaps also the  remoteness of Exeter  - Devon with respect to the main part of  Mastiff fancy living at London &  the  Midlands. Mr Hutchings’ last KCSB appearance was at Exeter ’96  with his females Marchioness b ’87 & Columbine b ’91.

Reason  therefore might have been the then inpopularity of brindles - although about the half of Exeter litters were - out of fawns/sired by fawns - and perhaps also the  remoteness of Exeter  - Devon with respect to the main part of  Mastiff fancy living at London &  the  Midlands. Mr Hutchings’ last KCSB appearance was at Exeter ’96  with his females Marchioness b ’87 & Columbine b ’91.

Newspaper dd 13th Sept ’02 – ‘Mr James Hutchings, solicitor of Exeter, has died from cancer of the liver the comparatively early age 49. He leaves widow and The George Inn.’  - The obituary mentions – 'Mr James Hutchings - many will remember him by his abbreviated Christian name 'Jim'– has created widespread regret among professional and political friends, as also among his acquintances in sporting circles. Mr Hutchings was the son of one who was formerly in the City Council. He himself also sat in the City Council for some years. He was a most thorough-going Conservative and as staunch and true a friend as any man could desire. By profession Mr Hutchings was a solicitor. He was one possessed of a private income, and therefore did not find it necessary to apply himself continuously to the law, as might have been necessary under other circumstances. He was a great lover of dogs, and one of out most successful poultry breeders. At one time Mr Hutchings had a very large stud of Mastiffs. His kennels were near the Haven banks. Mr Hutchings used to take his pets on the track near the Canal for exercise. To meet Mr Hutchings with close upon a score of Mastiffs was a trial for persons not of very strong nerve, more especially as the huge animals, some of them in appearance as young lions, were filled with the playful curiosity which generally distinguishes young dogs and leads them to seek close acquaintance with those whom they meet. Mr Hutchings used to assure everyone that the Mastiffs were as harmless as lambs. Probably this was so. But it was difficult to convince people who were not used to them that this was the fact.’ -

Above at right - photo dd ’39 of Mr Willie Hutchings of Clifton Road Exeter, perhaps a relative of Mr James Hutchings, who married two years earlier. – ‘Mr Willie Hutchings worked for the Co-op for 26 years before starting his own business in Clifton Road. On retirement, he took up bowls, playing at Belmont Park. Mr Hutchings had vivid memories of the Theatre Royal fire in 1887, when he was a young man, and of the end of the turnpike era when it cost 4½d for a pony and trap to pass through.’

Mr James Hutchings might have been the son of Mr Thomas (Stad) Hutchings ‘17-83, auctioneer of Exeter dd ’68. ‘Thomas Hutchings and son’, auctioneers of Bartholomew Yard Exeter, are mentioned from 1870, and frequently active at the Exeter Cattle Market. In the early 1890s the Hutchings family resided at  Endmead - auction house Alphington Road St Thomas Exeter, including a ‘James Giles Hutchings’ b ’87-70 & ‘Mary E’.  A then advert mentions – ‘A rich bay thoroughbred stallion black legs, coming 7 years. Sire - Camballo  - winner of The Newmarket Two Thousand Guineas in ’75 – Cambuscan – bred at the Royal Stud Hampton Court - by Newminster ex The Arrow; dam Carillon – bred by Lord Lascelles - by The Palmer ex Timbrel by Rataplan—Apply – Owner Endmead Alphington-road Exeter.' - Around ’94 they moved to Laurel Cottage Ide lane Alphington. The Hutchings family members were buried at St Michaels Alphington, ie James ’53-02, Mary Jane ’63-40, Samuel William ’90-09, Zoe Frances ’01-52, James William ‘22–90 & Winifred Irene ‘07–00. –

Mr Gus Bevan b ’58-09, woolstapler & fellmonger of Llwyn On Pontypool, mated his Miss Aglionby Rupert’ daughter Nell  to his stud Beaumanoir ’80 bred by Mr Hutchings, which gave Gelert b ’82. Mr Gus Bevan was a popular local man, captain of the local Steam Fire Brigade and organiser of the Easter Monday & Jubilee festivities – see at left ‘Leading the ox’ at right George Street Pontypool -. In ’94 - 'freehold bunsiness premises sold by auction with instructions of Mr Gus Bevan who is relinquishing business and leaving the neighborhood.’ & - ‘Highly attractive sale of high-class modern household – superb pianoforte, American organ, choice flowering plants, sole owner leaving England in October. - Apply Mr Gus Bevan, Llyn On Pontypool.' - Around the same time – ‘Wanted - (small) furnished cottage, in Ryde or Cowes - ed Isle of Wight -, for winter months; no children; must be very reasonable.— Mr Gus Bevan Llwyn On Pontypool.’ –

Gelert was purchased by Mr John Ranson Cayliff, commercial traveller of Fern Villa Belle Vue West Hartlepool, and got 1st prize at Glasgow ’89. According to KCSB data Mr Hutchings’ Exeter Mastiff blood strain is continued along ch Hazlemere Ronald, 6th generation of Exeter Beaumanoir b ’80 - out of Brindled Pluto’ grand-daughter Creusa sired by ch Beau - and goes along G1 Gelert b '82 who sired G2 Edinburgh Duke b '84 - out of ch Cardinal’ daughter Nellie owned by Mr JH Grimshaw, possibly solicitor Burnley nr Colne – who sired G3 Captain Marryatt b '87 – out of ch Prince of Wales’ daughter Wallenah owned by Mr Thomas Scott, fish merchant of Wishaw – who sired G4 Duke of Fife b Aug '89 – out of ch Prince of Wales’ daughter Lady Florence owned by Mr Shearer Clark, wine & spirits merchant of Wishaw – who sired G5 Lady Winifred b April '02 – out of Lady Argyll unr owned by Mr AJ Flower.  According to the KCSB data Duke of Fife must have been 12 1/2 old at the time of the mating which produced  Lady Winifred! Arguably named after ‘Lady Winifred’ Maxwell 1680-49, of Terregles Castle nr Dumfries, remembered for helping her husband William Maxwell, 5th Earl of Nithsdale, escape from the Tower of London in 1716. Lady Winifred was the daughter of William Herbert, 1st Marquess of Powis. Her parents accompanied James VII/II into exile in 1688 and her mother became governess of the young Prince of Wales, James Francis Edward Stuart, later to be known as the ‘Old Pretender.’ Winifred herself became a lady-in-waiting at the Jacobite Royal Court. Her husband William Maxwell was captured with other Jacobites at Preston and sent to the Tower of London. He was subsequently found guilt of treason and sentenced to death.

From newspapers – dd ’89 – ‘To-day, at Stockton, Ranson Caygill, stylishly dressed young fellow, living in West Hartlepool, and employed as a traveller by Messrs Leatham, York, was charged with assaulting William Wilson, a retired gentleman.’ – dd ’90 – ‘Early yesterday morning John Ranson Caygill, well-known commercial traveller, of West Hartlepool, was attacked by two men as he entered his house at Fern Villa, one of the miscreants firing a revolver at him and wounding him at the arm ...’ - In the early 1890s Mr John Ranson Cayliff emigrated to the States – dd ’92 – ‘Deaths - On the 23th February, New York, Frances Anne, aged 32 years, the beloved wife John Ranson Caygill, and daughter of Henry and Sarah Johnson, West Hartlepool.’ - In ’18 he was stated as ‘Alderman John Ranson Cayliff, of Mount Vernon New York, late of West Hartlepool and was still active in the canine fancy with English Toy Spaniels & Boston Terriers. Quote dd ‘16 – ‘Mount Vernon Hero Honored - Lieutenant Harry Winant Caygill, of the 166th Infantry, one of the Americans mentioned yesterday as having been made chevaliers of the Legion of Honor, is a son of Alderman John Ranson Caygill, of this city. The honor was conferred upon Lieutenant Caygill for attacking a machine gun nest with one companion, killing the officers and capturing the men and guns. Lieutenant Caygill is in a military hospital recovering from wounds and the effects of gas. He is a graduate of Columbia University and was commissioned a second lieutenant at Plattsburg.’ -

Countess 8421, b ’77 & bred by Mr E R Harrison out of Cinderella - Grace ex Hector – sired by  ch King’ paternal nephew Rupert, was owned by Mr Charles Treffry Doomer Wilcocks b ’21 Truro, residing at Rosevine – see at left -, in ’67 painted by artist John Wallace Tucker ’08-69, located at Gerrans Grampound Truro Cornwall. – married in ’03 at Plymouth and died there in ’08. Mr CTD Wilcocks was a farmer incl live-stock – sheep & bullocks . Mrs Wilcocks was President of the Gerrans Dorcas Society, instituted 1867 - For the relief of the Poor of the Parish. ‘I was naked and ye clothed me.’

According to the KCSB Mr CTD Wilcocks bred Venus b ’78 vhc at Falmouth ’79 - out of his Countess sired by the ten 11y old ch Turk 2349, but another source gives as sire Turk by Lord Nelson, bred by Mr John Smith of Openshaw Bridge Iron foundry Ashton Old Road Manchester - out of his Nell b ‘66 sired by Wilding’ Dog – Mr Edwards’ Tigris ex Lion owned by Lord Stamford aka George Harry Grey ’27-83 who had several estates, a/o Dunham Massey 20 mls W of Lyme Hall.

At right – Lord Stamford' Dunham Massey Hall & Oil painting on canvas – ‘A Mastiff and Small Dog’ - British School 18th Century. A large pale brown Mastiff and a small white dog, a vat to the left and a wooden bench running across the whole painting. Probably painted at Dunham Massey, the vat can still be seen in the Entrance Passage. -

Dog Show at the Victoria Hall  Exeter – June ’73 – ‘1st Prince 17m owned by Mr Thomas Foster, White Hart Hotel Cullompton – 15 mls NW of Exeter -, 2nd Victor 18m owned by Mr George Foster Exmouth, Stella 10m owned by Mr George Foster Exmouth, Countess 3y owned by Mr James Hutchings St Stephens Row Exeter.’ - June 1878 – ‘Mastiff or watch dogs— lst Leo owned by Rev Edward Olivey ’45-23, live-stock fancier a/o Jerseys of mining village St Day Scorrier Cornwall, 2nd  Fame owned by Mr George Foster Exmouth, King vhc owned by Mr CTD Wilcocks Grampound.’  - Mr George Foster ‘29-87, was a grocer who invented well-known cattle medicines protecting from insects and fungi -. He married Dec ‘51 Eliza, only daughter of Mr James Baker, at Colyton Church and resided at Belle Vue Littleham Exmouth.  He bred a litter dd '83 out of ch Beau' dau Queen sired by ch CP' son Fidelis resulting in Fame, later renamed Prince Napoleon owned by all-round judge Mr Geo Raper of Dronfield Sheffield.

Mr Harry de Spencer Kingdon, Lyme Hall champion, was the 1st fancier of Devon or Cornwall mentioned by the KCSB with his Lord winning 2nd prize at Manchester Belle Vue ’67. Next ones were – 1) Mr Wilcocks of Grampound with his King b ’73 & bred by Mr S Smith out of Noblesse sire by Lord Nelson’ son Turk. 2) Mr William Radford Bryden, architect of Westward Ho who owned Nellie bred by Mr Wm A Stilwell of Elmers End Beckenham out of Barry’ dau Juno sired by Leo’ son Major. Mr Bryden moved to Buxton where he designed an oriental looking building – see at left -opened ‘99. 3/4) Messrs James Hutchings & George Foster already described.

5) Mr Alexander Morton of Helston Road Penryn Cornwall who owned Ida’ sis Rupert b ’76 & bred by Miss Aglionby out of ch Lottie sired by ch Wolsey’ bro Prince; Mr Morton’ Rupert sired a litter bred by Mr Andrew Edmond Castlestuart Stuart b ’56 British Civil Servant in Madras Bengal - out of ch Rajah’ dau Juno resulting in Dido owned by Rev Russell Bradley of Ireland. Mr Morton himself bred two litters in ’80 both sired by Rupert, ie out of Rajah’ dau Grace II producing Mr TW Carr’ Danger and out of ch Punch’ dau Queen producing Mr Herbert Whitwam’ Nellie II b April ’80 - dd Feb ‘83 – ‘Whitwam v the Great Northern Railway Company.—Plaintiff, Herbert Whitwam, of Golcar, sought to recover damages for the loss of a prize Mastiff bitch, Nellie II, alleged to have been killed through the negligence of the company's servant.’ - Mr Herbert Whitwam  '56–35 at Blackpool was the eldest son of the late Mr Benjamin Whitwam who founded B & J Whitwam and Sons Ltd, woollen manufacturers Stanley Mills Golcar nr Halifax.’–

6) Mr Samuel Pollard of Helston Cornwall who owned Czar b ’81 & bred by Mr Cullingford out of Countess sired by Monarch. 7) Mr Robert Pearse Leach b ’55-99, son of Mr Robert Pearse Leach ’18-85 of Beers Farm – see at right -  Cadbury nr Tiverton Devon, who owned The Lady Rowena’ sis Chloe b ’78 & bred by Mr Henry Darlington out of ch Colonel’ dau Negress sired by ch Rajah. Mr Charles R Leach, solicitor of 23 King street Wigan, owned Chloe’ dau Lady Blanche b ’82 sired by ch Crown Prince & bred by Mr Henry Darlington, solicitor of Wigan.

Wading through early newspapers it becomes clear that the naming ‘old English Mastiff’ was used long before the founding of the Old English Mastiff Club.

Some examples. - August 29, 1829 - Also, a painting of King Charles the Second, when a boy, resting his hand on a very fine old English Mastiff: we think copied from Vandyck it forcibly reminds us of his style and manner - March 25, 1837 - The indomitable spirit of John Bull had been dormant  like a true old English Mastiff: from consciousness of his power, will bear many snarl and many instill from mongrel cur or the fawning poodle. -  June 25, 1837 - the doctor’ own man, Barnaby, whom, for steadiness, fidelity, and courage, he pronounced to have been true old English Mastiff, and one of the best of his kind. -  July 1, 1837 - the Governing King and party were beaten, and driven for time a true old English Mastiff, and one of the best of his breed. - August 27, 1839 - We drove up to the Porters Lodge, which is guarded by a couple of dogs, splendid specimens of the old English Mastiff breed. - October 22, 1840 - On sale a lion-coloured gigantic old English Mastiff. -

The replacement of the naming ‘old English Mastiff’ by the naming ‘Mastiff’, done for some doubtful reason, deprives the breed from its early history and the chance to profile it as a unique breed within the substantial group of Mastiff breeds.

One of the earliest Mastiff breeders, Mr Thomas Henry Lukey, was born ’04 at Bideford being the son of Thomas Lukey, tallow chandler.

May ‘54 -  Two young fawn coloured bitches, week gone in pup by the largest dog in the kingdom - Apply to Mr Lukey Morden Surrey. Nov ’56 - will serve bitches limited number, winners of four dog stakes - Apply to James Batters, Mr Lukey’, Morden Surrey. - Jan ‘57 - Two splendid Mastiff puppies, age five months, out of his St Bernard bitch, by Leo, the property of Ansdell, Esq, weight 9st, the finest dog in England. Ed – Mr Edgar Hanbury bred a litter dd ’57 out of Williams Monarch’ dau Countess (? St Bernard) sired by Mr Ansdell’ Leo which gave Empress – see at right - who, mated to Bill George’ Tiger, produced the 1st breed champion, ie Duchess. - March ’58 – Milk, cream, &c, dairy farm at Morden Surrey - Thomas Lukey begs to acquaint families of distinction they can be supplied with genuine dairy produce , from healthy cows fed only on hay and grass.

Jan ‘59 - was found guilty of stealing, at Morden, four heifers, value £63, the property of Thomas Lukey. had been previously tried for cattle stealing, but was acquitted.—Six years penal service. Dec ’72 - not one having the great breadth of skull and massive jaw which distinguished the famous dog Wallace of Mr Lukey of Morden. Miss Aglionby' Turk was, of course, first in the champion class for dogs.

June ’50 - To be sold, a thoroughbred old English Mastiff fawn-coloured, about three months old. Twenty-one inches high; price three guineas. Also the mother, price - Apply Birmingham – Nov ‘52 – For sale, very large and handsome English Mastiff dog, 18 months old, between 29 and 30 inches high, lion coloured, and exceedingly gentle, good tempered, and sagacious. To be seen 8 Fogley-road North Brixton. - March '53 – for sale, a pure bred old English Mastiff dog for sale, fawn colour; he is of the Chatsworth strain; very large, strong, and powerful; he is said to be  the finest Mastiff in England. For particulars apply to Mr John Nicholson, Auctioneer of Thirsk Yorkshire  - April ‘55 - Sale old English Mastiff bitch, brindled, three years old and brindled whelp; for purity not to be equalled. - Mr Lukey - May ‘56  – Old English Mastiff dog Leo is still in Bill George’ kennels, and his services can be had at two guineas. Ed – Probably Leo purchased by Mr Richard Ansdell – Aug ’56 - thorough bred English Mastiff. For further particulars and price apply to Mr Charles John Longcroft, solicitor Havant or to the Coachman sr, Woodlands – Sept ‘ 57 - Alto, very fine English Mastiff – Apply Mr Bruce, butterman of 19 Clarges-street Piccadilly.

In the 1860s Mr John William Guppy b ‘24, bootmaker of 1 Princes Court Dorset Place Pall Mall, became known as one of the first managers of dog show. He owned Lord Darnley’ Nell daughter Nell and mated her to Mr Cautley’ Quaker which gave Mr Field’ Nell, dam of ch King b ‘65 – see above at left ch Fields ch King' son Baron bred/owned by Mr T H V Lukey -. Mr Thomas Henry Veale Lukey was a dairy farmer at Morden and had a Depot at 2 Park lane Piccadilly London, overlooking Hyde Park and within short distance of the Marquis of Hertford residence Dorchester House also located at Park lane.

May ’60 - Lot 19 a large handsome fawn-coloured dog with black muzzle, of the pure English Mastiff breed, a noble animal, and a splendid watch dog - King’ Veterinary Establishment Newcastle-upon-Tyne – Aug ‘60 Buxton – Sale a thoroughbred English Mastiff dog of the Lyme Hall breed - Apply at the printer – Feb ‘61 Carlisle - The English Mastiff is supposed to be the dog so much in favour – Jan ‘62  -  A fine litter of old English Mastiff pups. Mr Smith next read the balance sheet of Tiger, a fine old English Mastiff - March ‘62 - the chair taken by a well-known private sportsman who has kindly promised to show his pure bred English Mastiff, the largest and most handsome living -April ‘62 - Mr Guppy will be prepared to show the handsomest litter of pure bred English Mastiffs against any other, for any amount. Catalogues and all particulars of the forthcoming exhibition of dogs can be had - June ‘ 62  New Agricultural Hall. Leo is a English Mastiff of Lord Kingsdown that looks every inch a prize dog - June ‘62 - The English Mastiff seemed to be regarded a general favourite with the gentlemen present – Nov ’62 – Mastiff pups fit to leave their mother, their sire is the celebrated old English Mastiff Tiger - June ‘63  Maidstone - this dog Thinn and an English Mastiff called The Governor were entitled the honour of being the biggest dog in the show. On the whole, the collection of English Mastiffs was rather ordinary. - June ‘64 Durham - small and not a very good show. Scarcely one these animals is entirely perfect in the head—the nearest approach to a perfect English Mastiff being Lord Kingsdown’, which, however, is not for competition. - July ‘64 Carlisle - noble breed of animals. It is to be desired that these shows will have the effect of stimulating fanciers to keep the old English Mastiff from falling utterly into annihilation. The winner of the first prize in the Mastiff class is an enormous creature – Nov ’64 - For sale by private contract, a valuable old English Mastiff, very docile, and capital watch. For price apply at The Hill Severn Stoke, or at Mr Higgs' office Worcester. – Oct ‘65  - Pure bred English Mastiff puppies for sale, from the purest strains in the country, blood containing Ansdell' Leo, Bill George’ Tiger, Lukey’ Governor, and the –Dec ‘65  Shipping & Mercantile Gazette London - Lot 103 the well-known English Mastiff Lion, of the late champion pugilist Tom Sayers - see centre - , for whom evidently many gentlemen had gone to bid. After a keen fire, from the first bid 20 guineas, the hammer fell in a few seconds for 39 guineas which was paid for it by Mr Wm P Warner, licensed victualler of the Welsh Harp Hendon – see above at right.

June ‘66 - Quaker, sire of the first prize Mastiff at the Bath and West Show - June ’64 - NB full grown young duo for sale, a fit ornament for a castle. Apply Mr Nichols 10 Holland-terrace Holland-road Kensington London. - July ‘66 – Pure bred Mastiffs. SeveraI of the above breed to be sold, all fawn colour, black muzzles, three of each sex. and all bred at the place. Apply to Richard Webb, farmer of Calcot gardens Reading. - Aug ‘66 - 6 months old English Mastiffs, bred with great care from the finest kennels in England – Apply J W Guppy – Nov ‘66 - successful exhibitors received the prizes from the worthy patron of the canine race, Edwin Nichols Esq, whose lion Mastiffs are the most magnicent pair in Europe as the catalogue truly stated. - March ‘67 - Tom Sayers’ Mastiff Lion —Mr WP Warner of the Welsh Harp Hendon, has sold the dog Lion, the property of the late Tom Sayers, to a nobleman, for a large sum, and the dog goes into Lancashire. - June ‘68  Royal Cornwall – Mr Sleeman' Bruce had the 1st prize while Mr Liscombe' dog was awarded the third. Mr. Liscombe' dog is a pure bred English Mastiff, and bred by the first breeder in England, and is a far superior dog, in every way, both in pedigree, size, shape, and – Feb ‘68 - Mr Guppy will be there, with him that matchless Mastiff King, for whom 300 guineas have been offered and refused. - April ‘69 - Messrs Guppy and Compton will attend and give full particulars at the great Islington Dog Show. A gentleman with a Mastiff dog weighing 12st. – Sept ‘69 Liverpool - Pure bred English Mastiff on Sale, owing want of room. He is own brother to Turk, recently sold for £450, and is considered by judges to be better… Below at left - Mr Henry Cautley' Quaker b '59 & bred by the Wynnes' friend Mr James Wigglesworth Thompson - Sir Armitage Tiger' dau Duchess ex Mr Ackroyd Dan' son Saladin -

Jan ‘70 – To be sold a thorough-bred English Mastiff, fawn colour, black muzzle, age 18 months. - Apply Robert Cocker Gamekeeper Calver. - March ‘ 70 - English Mastiff pups, pure bred. - Apply to T Garland Gamekeeper Esslemont Ellon. - March ‘70 - old English Mastiff puppies, out of Grand Duchess by Turk out of Duchess. - Address A B  Hope Cottage Rawlings street Fairfield - July ‘70 – For sale English Mastiff puppies, thorough bred, price £5 each. - Pedigree application to Mr J G Tupholme Legbourne Louth – Aug ’70 – To be sold fallow coloured old English Mastiff Dog, 18 months - Apply John Ellis Cabinet-maker 3 Rice street off Hope – Aug ‘70 - Pure bred English Mastiffs  by Mr Edgar Hanbury’ Prince out of Mr B H Brisker' Juno - Aug ’70 – Old English Mastiff puppies for sale, by General Prim out of Grand Duchess - General Prim first prizes at Bolton ‘69 and Birkenhead, by champion dog King out of Brenda.

Feb ’71 For sale, a magnificent male specimen of Old English Mastiff, only 18 months old, 31 to 32 inches high at shoulder, weighs 1401b 5, splendid colour, pedigree unsurpassed, temper excellent, and pronounced by good judges one of the most handsome dogs existence. Value 60 guineas; if sold at once £35 would be accepted. Address, Mr James Powney b ‘41, of 1 The Marsh Calne Wilts NB - Photograph Ed - Clerk Bacon Curers Hillmarton Wilts - June ‘71 - benevolence we like to see in a Mastiff, points which we found in Mr Robinson' Turk, which has been described as  like ‘old English Mastiff, cut in granite’.  He has no compeer for drop of the eye, smallness of ear, tightness of tail, and general compactness - June ‘71 – For sale, a thorough-bred English Mastiff, three years old, very large - Apply Mr Sheriff Warrell Green Row Portsmouth. Ed – The largest gun makers establishment in the South of England - the champion Sparrow Shot of England having challenged any man in the world  - July ’71 For sale, a brace of English Mastiff pups, fawn colour with black muzzle. Sire, 34 inches; dam, 30 inches. - Apply to Victoria Lodge Millbrook Southampton - August ’71 - To be sold, a splendid English Mastiff bitch, 16 months old. - Apply T Thixton Photographic & Art Studio 119 Grange lane  Birkenhead. Dec ‘71 – For sale, a well-bred English Mastiff, 12 months old, good tempered; will sold very cheap. Also large Kennel (new). - Apply Mr BB Hope Mill House Goudhurst – see above at right.

May ‘72 - Messrs Webb and sons’ Trusty, which took the first prize, is a splendid specimen of the old English smooth coated Mastiff of which they tell us four could pull down a lion. Some of these dogs weigh as much as 12 stones. - June ’72 - the Crystal Palace Dog Show. Any nobleman or gentleman intending to purchase a first class English Mastiff puppy, should at once apply to Mr James Champness Railway Hotel Upper Houghton Regis.

February ’73 Birmingham Post - Hereditary Dislike to Butchers — A correspondent in the last number of Nature writes that he possesses an English Mastiff, by name Kepler, a son of the celebrated Turk out of Venus. He brought the dog, when six weeks old, from the stable in - March ‘73 - Pure English Mastiff bitch, 4 years old, good pedigree, good yard dog: cheap.—B Porthouse, John Hetherington & Sons Ancoats Manchester - March ‘73 – on 27th inst. there died in the neighbourhood of Bradford one of the celebrities of our time, champion old English Mastiff dog Quaker – see above at left centre - , who was on the afternoon of that day gathered to his father, full of years and honours. He was pupped 19th Feb ’62 bred by Mr John William Guppy out of his Nell sired by Mr Cautley’ Quaker. - July ’73 - a large English Mastiff, the property of the Rev John Dene b ’45 Horwood House Bideford was much admired – Aug ‘73 – For sale, handsome thoroughbred English Mastiff, two years old, fawn colour, black muzzle, son of Sultan out Nellie. Lyme Hall bred, Sultan by champion Turk – Sept ‘73 - Old English Mastiff puppies for sale, fawn, black faces, by Harold out of Duchess; the purest blood including Lyme Hall. – Dec ‘73 - the names of any Mastiff owners who may wish to join in this protest— Yours obediently, A S de Fivas 46 Bedford row. We, the undersigned owners and exhibitors of Mastiffs, being much dissatisfied the manner which the awards in the Mastiff classes are made at Birmingham.

Jan ‘74 - signatures comprise nearly all the most important owners of Mastiffs except one two members of the Mastiff Club, who now rest, I believe only exhibit at Birmingham, they will either have to do without Mastiffs. A list of the signature - April ‘74 - Illustrated Sporting - tempers, and indomitable pluck, we conclude our remarks by saying that Turk is about the truest type extant of the old English Mastiff. - May ’74 - The English Mastiff is in temper the most to be depended on of all the large dogs, being extremely docile and companionable. - June ‘74  Illustrated – The Model of an Old English Mastiff cut in granite - ch Turk, grandsire of Saxon, and great grandsire of Shah (sold for £200 at the late Palace Dog Show). Also for sale, Scottish Chief, a brindled pup, 16 months old, by Punch out of Nancy, by Bathurst' Wolf  – Aug ‘74 Yorkshire – For sale, fine, large English Mastiff, age 16 months; fawn, with jet black muzzle and ears, good watch dog.—For particulars apply Rev Alexander Louis Wellington Bean ’16-95 Sowerby Parsonage Triangle Halifax.

Feb ’75 - a thorough-bred English Mastiff, fawn colour, with dark muzzle, by ‘Turk’! Messrs Lumby & Co, auctioneers – Feb ‘75 - For sale, magnificent square-faced  puppies by Rupert, the grandest headed, best and largest Mastiff out of Countess. Combining all the purest prize blood. Apply to Mr Harrison. - April ‘75 York - a thorough-bred English Mastiff. —Apply to gamekeeper, Walton Hall Wakefield – see above at left. Note –resided by Edmund Waterton, son of naturalist Charles Waterton 1782-1865. – Nov ’75 – For sale, handsome, docile, pure bred English Mastiff, an excellent yard dog. suitable for keeper’ night dog.—Apply Black Horse York. – Jan ‘76 - Thorough-bred English Mastiff. Colour dark, 32 inches height; three years old. Very docile—Apply to Mr Pabbis Bookseller Clifton. - March ‘76 Aldershot - Old English Mastiff, very handsome, height, about 26 inches. Was bred H D Kingdon, Esq Willhayne. – May ‘76 Sheffield – Leo, a pure English Mastiff for sale, two years old, fawn, black muzzle and ears. Very handsome, good guard, fond of children. Price 15 Guineas – Aug ’76 – For sale, a thoroughbred English Mastiff, seven months – Apply to to Mr Frederic B Clode, butcher Pier-head Cardiff. – July ‘77  Illustrated Sporting – The old English Mastiff. It is satisfactory to know that though canine authorities are agreed that the ancient British Mastiff has from various causes dwindled down to a rarity, the race still exists in its purity, of which we give in our illustration - July ‘78 - called Duchess, who sure to be heard of again, in Mastiffs, we still dislike . Mr Hanbury’ award of brindled Wolsey – see above at right - over the Shah, who was far away tbe best Mastiff in England. There has been grander shows of Mastiffs. Open dog class, in which Mr Mark Beaufoy’ – Aug ‘77 - Old English Mastiff dog for sale, from the best prize blood in England. For pedigree and prize address 20 Mawoy road Hock Ferry. – March ’78 – Magnificent thoroughbred English Mastiff bitch whelps - giant breed - for sale. For pedigree, price, etc, apply to Mr Wilcocks, Rosevine Gerrans Grampound Cornwall. - March ‘78 - Fine English Mastiff dog, fawn colour, aged 2 years.—Apply J F Brown Ellwood House Bradford road Brighouse. - June ’78 To be sold, a thoroughbred English Mastiff dog, two years old. Splendid pedigree, Price £11- Apply to Mr Stower 19 Higher Lane Fazakerley Liverpool. - June ‘78 - Pure bred, thorough English Mastiff, 12 months old. Very docile.—Can be seen, 3 Tenby Cottages, Falkner street Gloucester. – Sept ‘78 - Mr John Menzies has just added to his kennel the celebrated English Mastiff Benmore. stands 33 inches in height across the shoulders, and weighs nearly Hi stones. Note Benmore b ’76 – late Druid III – bred by Mr Nichols out of Druidess sired by Big Ben and purchased by Mr R Johnstone Auld of  18 Grosvenor Crescent Edinburgh – Nov ’78 – Splendid watch dog for sale, English Mastiff bitch, champion pedigree; very quiet with children. Apply to Mr Michael Scarth, chemist of  Southwick Sunderland. – Dec ‘78 - was very happy with the Mastiff judging, for it was quite right putting The Shah before Nero and Colonel. It has often been  expressed that The Shah should never have been beaten, for he is, without doubt, the grandest Mastiff in the world, and he looks. – Oct ‘79 Illustrated Sporting - which Mr Wynne is pleased to consider massive. The Lyme Hall breed stand pre-eminently foremost amongst the true old English Mastiffs, and rank only second amongst the Mastiff races of the world, the true Cuban being the first, and first only ...' -

Jan ‘80 - Handsome thoroughbred English Mastiff dog, 4 years old, for sale. Good pedigree, capital watch, quiet with children. - Address G 8 Esplanade West, Sunderland. – Jan ‘80 - An extremely handsome and very fine English Mastiff for sale; eight months old, twenty-six inches high shoulder.—Apply St Leonards Brewery Edinburgh. – Feb ‘80 – For sale, a handsome English Mastiff dog, two years old, capital watch dog, and kind to children.  Apply Mr C A Kraft, 2 St Mark' buildings Millfield. - June ’80 - English Mastiff bitch pup, 10 months old, for sale.—Address Mr Francis Henry Mitchell, clerk in the Royal Courts of Justice Easthill Oakleigh Park Barnet. – Nov ’80  - Prize-bred English Mastiffs. A few grand youngsters for sale, brindled or fawn. Particulars and appointment to inspect of ‘Mastiff’ Exeter and County - July ‘80 - occasionally as much as £50. The pugs still remain fashionable. They are called English pugs, but they are German. The English Mastiff is a good watch dog, is docile, intelligent, and the grandest dog there; for a large one. The pups bring from £6 to – Jan ‘81 - There were some very good Mastiff puppies, and the dog winner, Mr Woolmore’ Crown Prince – see at left -, is the best Mastiff youngster that has been seen since The Shah – see centre -came out. He is got by Young Prince (son of Prince) – Feb ‘81 Glasgow - old English Mastiff puppies, from the best prize winners in England, combining the blood of the champions Wolsey, The Shah, Turk, Taurus – Aug ‘81 – Pure English Mastiffs. Mr James Hutchings will sell few grand youngsters, bred from champions and prize winners. – Oct ‘82 - Very few specimens of the pure English Mastiff are to met with; the breed, we regret to say, appears to becoming rarer every day, with every prospect of being in the

Dec ‘82 - as a big show like Birmingham should have more than thirty-two Mastiffs is very little better than the show at Maidstone the other day. The winning Mastiff in the Open Class, Mr Wynne, the judge, told me was one of the grandest young dogs he had seen for a long time. This honour taker, Bosco II – see tableau at right by Mr RH Moore -, now belonging to Mr Nichols. Ed – Bosco II b Nov ’80 & bred by Mrs Cunliffe Lee out of Sybil sired by ch The Emperor was purchased by Mr George Horatio Jones b ‘44, Surgeon Dentist of 57 Great Russell street Bloomsbury and became ch Victor Hugo’ paternal grandsire Jan ‘83 - The Mastiffs at the Crystal Palace made up quite show of themselves, and breeders are to be congratulated on the great improvement that can be noticed in the most recent generations Mastiffs. The puppies were truly marvellous. - March ‘83 - latest, and by means the most unimportant, is that which was formed to-night in London for encouraging the breed of old English Mastiffs. The idea was suggested at the last dog show at the Crystal Palace and has met with such support that it promises to be –– Jan ‘84 – larger classes of Mastiffs have been seen at Palace shows, but the quality was good throughout. Crown Prince scored another champion prize, and in open dogs Sidney Turner’ Orlando – see at right - rightly won, for, I have remarked in previous reports, is quite Mastiff, and resembles his sire Crown Prince, in many of the latter’ best points, besides being -  Aug ‘84 - For sale, the English Mastiff Wallace, 23 months, winner of the following prizes –

 Nov ‘84 - Important sale of Mastiffs.— Yesterday afternoon the entire kennel of well-known pure-bred English Mastiffs and other dogs, the property of Dr Forbes Winslow, were offered for sale by Messrs Cool & Smith, Sussex House Hammersmith - June ’85 – Mr G L Thomas of Albany NY, is said to own the largest English Mastiff in the world. His name is Senator, his age is 13 months, weight 1601b., height 35i over the withers, length from tip to end of tail 7 feet. – Sept ‘85 - a magnificent lot of these noble dogs. I believe Mr Hutchings has acquired considerable reputation for his breed of English Mastiffs, taking prizes and cups with pets at most of the principal English Shows, and dogs from his kennels are to be found. Feb ‘86 – For sale, pure old English Mastiff bitch, four years old, splendid watch dog; fine temper, accustomed to children. – Mr Alexander Murray Bookseller Union Street Aberdeen. - March ’86 – The old Old English Mastiff. For sale, puppies, grandchildren of champion Crown Prince, fawn, with dense black muzzle and ears, dark eyes, and large – July ‘86 – For sale fine English Mastiff bitch, ten months old. —Apply Mr O Bowyer Stoney Farm Hendon. – Oct ‘87 – For sale English Mastiff, splendid guard and yard dog. docile, price £2. —Apply F Preston Aysgarth Bedale. – Jan ‘88 – Pups of the best prize old English Mastiff blood, combining the bloods of those grand typical specimens, champion Beau,Victor Hugo, and – Nov ‘88 - Champion Beaufort ex Etoile by champion Crown Prince. These whelps combine the bloods of the very best and most typical old English Mastiffs ever exhibited the show bench. Full particulars intending purchasers. Apply Dr Eadon Hambrook court near Bristol. – Dec ‘88 - Talbot is old English for Mastiff – Jan ‘89 Barnet – For sale, a champion pedigree old English Mastiff bitch puppy Carshalton Punch by champion Hotspur, winner of many prizes an the forty guinea challenge cup (twice), ex Phoebe.

Aug ‘90 -Yesterday the Old English Mastiff Club, which was established 1883, held its first show under a marquee in the grounds of the Crystal Palace. The exhibition was arranged at short notice, as a compliment Dr Derby – see at left -, secretary of the American Mastiff Club – Oct ‘90 - This time Captain Davis, remembering former kindnesses, took Monsieur Carnot a pure English Mastiff, the grandson of the celebrated Turk, which was sold for 1,650 guineas. The French President telegraphed as follows - May ‘91 Hastings - English Mastiff dog for sale, 2 years old; pedigree. Apply J Wall Eversley road Bexhill. – June ’92 - For sale, handsome pure-bred English Mastiff, affectionate and good guard. Pedigree can be traced back to 1600. Age two years. - Apply Mr Richard Martin Red Lion Blakesley Towcester, innkeeper and coal dealer – Feb ‘95 - Sale, dark brindle English Mastiff dog, by Noble VIII ex Lady Verona; 19 months old; with kennel; can be seen any evening after six o'clock, or by arrangement

Nov ‘95 Swindon - Amongst all the large breeds which now flourish amongst us, and their name legion, there is not one finer than the grand old English Mastiff, and yet he is allowed to become almost extinct like the Dodo. - October 22, 1896 – Mr AW Lucas of Rye Sussex has lost his prize Mastiff Earl of Warwick by intentional poison. Beaufort' Black Prince, famous old English Mastiff, is dead at the age of six. He was born and bred in the States and was bought for England 12 months since. - July ’97 Doncaster - The any other variety class was a very warm one, Peter Piper, grand specimen of the old English Mastiff, being first. He is one of the finest specimens of a breed to which exhibitors now pay but little attention, and it is rather – Nov ’98 – For sale, English Mastiff dog, full grown.—Apply Gold diggers' Arms, Brynmawr. –April ’99 - The deterioration of the old English Mastiff is the cause of much regret, and in the opening chapter of Mr Lee' work, hope of any improvement is held out, on the contrary, the breed still seems to be on the decadence. - May 6, 1899 - At a meeting of the Old English Mastiff Club, the matter of holding a club show for Mastiffs and other breeds of dogs was considered. The honorary secretary was requested to communicate with the club members and others to ascertain how many would be willing.

Jan ‘00 - For sale  thorough good house or yard dog Mastiff, three years old, price 30' - Kings Head Hotel Ystrad Rhondda. - April ‘00 - The Mastiff kept as a watch or guard dog, his noble nature and majestic appearance led to his adoption as companion, and was at one time a favourite with many the leading families of England. When dog shows were instituted Mastiffs formed. June ‘00 – Old English breed.

Once again I hear that efforts are made to regain that old English Mastiff. How this breed was ever able to sink to its present deplorable position is one of the puzzles of the fancy. Every who knows the Mastiff and most people profess. - Oct ‘ 00 - Thoroughbred English Mastiff Pona for sale; pure-bred bitch.—Apply Executor Twyford avenue Stamshaw Portsmouth. -

Dec ’00 - Popular ignorance concerning dogs. When he was judging at the Crystal Palace show of the Kennel Club, he overheard persons who were gazing in atonishment at the Mastiffs, breed of great antiquity and looked upon as one of the national breeds, asking one another what kind of dog they were. - Feb ’01 - The popularity the Newfoundland and the old bogus Mastiff has been steadily declining late, but here there was very satisfactory entry in both breeds. - March ‘01 - Again and again, some owners secure all the best specimens of one breed. Mr Leadbetter has now in his kennels a collection of Mastiffs which, I believe, has never been equalled. As a rule, when one kennel surpasses all others devoted to the same breed, that. - May ’02 - The variety inquired about by ‘T. K. P.’, the English Mastiff, is slowly but surely ceasing to be bred in England; in fact, not for years has there been a really good class at any our shows, even that of the Kennel Club. - May ‘02 - Mastiffs were always par excellence watchdogs rather than sporting and their work was guard master’ goods, and it was doubtless because - July ’02 - Mastiff bitch for sale, suitable for yard. Apply Mr O R Cowen & Co Beck Works. - Sept ’02 – Good Mastiff bitch for sale, cheap. Apply Guy Atlantic Hotel. – Sept ’02 – Mr Hutchings had been in practice in the city for many years, represented St. David' Ward in the City Council about 15 years ago, and was member of Alphington School Board. Mr Hutchings was a keen dog fancier, and scored many successes with his Mastiffs. Of late years he has shown birds at district poultry shows and won many prizes. - Sept ’02 - Sale fine Mastiff dog; good house or shop protector; suitable for jeweller’ shop; very clean in house.—Apply Mr J Higgs 39 Fitzroy street Cambridge. - Sept ’02 - Sale young Mastiff dog.- Apply Dr John Berry, Leyland Preston.  Nov ’02 - the eyes of the secretary. St Bernards, Mastiffs, Newfoundlands, Curly Retrievers, Greyhounds, Bulldogs, Setters, Spaniels and a team of two Terriers, all find an admirer in the one at Wishaw. A celebrated Mastiff. Like some other fanciers, Mr Clark loves – Dec ‘02 - part amongst the big breeds for some years. His taking up of the Mastiff marked a new era in the fortunes of that variety, though in all probabilty the Great Danes lost what the Mastiffs gained, which is at least pity. In the circumscribed limits of this – Jan ’03 – Death of Mr Kingdon  - see above together with his foundation brood Alp, reputed of the Lyme breed -. Deceased was to the front until 20 years ago as a breeder and exhibitor of Mastiffs. He was most successful in this respect, being the winner of many prizes at the leading shows. – Jan ’03 - for dogs were kept outside of his house, reading the words ‘No Popery allowed here’” was well known twenty years ago as successful breeder of Mastiffs, and such was the affection which he entertained for his pets that he once paid one of the leading London physicians a very large sum to come down and see one the animals which was ill. - Jan ‘03 - Spanish extraction and taciturn, except where he took a liking to anyone. His fondness for animals was carried to an extreme. His cats sat at table, and one whose likeness adorned the house in various posture was trained to drink spirit and water, like some more sensible animals drink milk. His Mastiffs lay near the fire, and, no matter who were the visitors, the dogs were served first, their portions being often dragged - July ’03 – Mastiff bitch for sale, good condition.—Apply Woodhouse Railway Cottages Staveley. – Aug ‘03 Exeter - following the entry ‘Graham Robert 8 Highhury Crescent West N.’ He occupied a large corner house, the rental  of which was £150 a year. It is, however, only right to state that he has long ceased occupy this house. His house was remarkably well furnished, the hall and staircase being replete with oil paintings, and save when his nefarious operations necessitated his being away from London, attended church regularly with his family in a carriage and pair. He had a good cellar, was an excellent judge of wine and cigars, and a breeder of Mastiffs, two of which when shown on the bench won first prizes, the second prize being awarded to the relative to one of the judges. – Sept ’03 - He is a simple fellow with a golden heart and a granite head, replied Phineas, with a smile -  ‘an English Mastiff, good to watch, and, if need be, good to bite also, but good for little else in such times as these. – Dec ‘03 - being adorned with lifelike portrait of the grand Mastiff dog Archie by Mr Robert Leadbetter, of Hazlemere Park. Amoug other descriptions of the kennels is an attractive. - June ‘04 - He writes: A good many years ago I was the guest of squire Kingdon, of Colyton Devon—in his day the greatest Mastiff breeder in this country. One day we were on a walk, and nearing the little village of Beer met a dog of which Kingdon told me the history. Belonging a fisherman, it had taken to a seafaring life ‘like duck’. During a terrific storm. - July ‘04 - Of the Mastiff we have several portraits. The purest breed is said to be in possession of the family in Cheshire, who have had these dogs for nearly five hundred years, and it is probable that the breed Mastiffs kept up at Alderley Park - Oct ’04 – Young Mastiff bitch for sale; good pedigree; prize winner. - Mr Harry Wainwright, Wholesale and Retail Herring Curer Castle Hill Sheffield.

Oct ‘05 Illustrated - 8. Mr E Spalding’ Mastiff Helmsley Defender. – Oct ’05 - The old English Mastiff breed which at one time was seriously threatened with extinction, provides a very representative section, represented by a gratifying entry of 67. Mr AW Lucas' -April ’05 - Mastiff breeders have gone in for puggy heads, and to the expert the result is not pleasing. - June ‘06 – Young Mastiff bitch for sale. - Mr Harry Wainwright Herring Curer Castle Hill Shade Hill Market Sheffield. - Feb ‘07  Grantham – (Mr Kingdon) great dramatist himself probaby re-cast them to suit his stage. In January, 1886, I put forth my little work ‘The History of the Mastiff, perhaps better known America than in England even. - March ’07 - Mastiff Poe, grand animal —Farnell, Hotel near Poulton-le-Fylde. – June ’07 - I should like to hear of revival of interest in the old English Mastiff, for it is noble animal, but I am afraid that there is now little hope for him, although the breed still has many ardent admirers. - June ‘07 - distasteful as it must be him, he has to admit that the Mastiff has greatly deteriorated during the last decade. He has lost that type of head which shewed his character so well, for most of to-day Mastiffs are what fanciers call plain in head. There is character - June ’07 - For sale dark brindle Mastiff bitch, good guard, cheap; must sell - 541 Attercliffe Road Sheffield. – Sept ’07 - Mr Leadbetter – see at left with the brindle Czar and the fawn Archie - , breeder of Mastiffs, has secured many crowning triumphs and is probably one of our first judges of Mastiffs and the Great Dane breed. Airy and well-arranged kennels, not far from the house, contain the finest Mastiffs in England, in fact we say without fear of – Sept ‘07 - Mr Mark Beaufoy, whose changing of political sides has caused some mild excitement, used to keep a very fine kennel of Mastiffs and Bloodhounds. Some time ago he retired from active showing, but recently he again joined Kennel Club, and he was elected. – Nov ’07 – Brindle Mastiff bitch, splendid guard; sell cheap. —Pedigree and particulars apply Mr Beasley 77 Cammell Road Pitsmoor - Dec ’07 - Mastiffs made the best show seen for several years, though still short of the high standard of former days . The breed champion was – Jan’ 08 - For sale Mastiff dog, cheap; must be sold; no reasonable offer refused – Mr Samuel John Monks 511 Fishponds Road Easton Bristol – Feb ’08 – Mr Leadbetter on his successes at the Agricultural Hull Wednesday, when he gained six firsts, two championships, and specials with his Mastiffs, which were all bred at Hazlemere Park West Wycombe Parish Council might very well plaintively exclaim – ‘Gallows-lane is always with us!’ - Feb ’08 Graphic  London - 26 Mastiff Ronald Widmere, Mr R Leadbetter. – Feb ‘08 – Sale cheap fawn Mastiff dog pup. - Apply George Ford, Belhaven Dunbar. – Feb ‘08 – Mastiff dog for sale, cheap; good companion. - Address Leete Chatborongh Road Filton. – Dec ‘08 - dark brindle Mastiff dog for sale, good bone.—Swingler Poultry Farm Carlton Notts – Dec ’08 - Brindle Mastiffs, three months, sire Lord Byron 12 stone, first £3 gets them both.—T Bird Bestwood road Hucknall. - March ’09 - As a breeder of Mastiffs, Mr Wynne won national reputation, and his work on ‘The History the Mastiff’ is a recognised standard book. On many occasions he acted judge at the Crystal Palace Show, and up the lest was President of the Mastiff Club. - March ’09 - Referring to national dogs, the Old Englisth Mastiff … that they had improved, and were more valuable today than ever. - March ‘09 - Yesterday, at the great Manchester dog show, James Greenwood won seconds in the Mastiff classes for open bitch, novice, and limit - May ‘09 Blackburn - For sale old English Mastiff bitch pup, fawn by Cleveland Monarch; also grand brood bitch by ch Ronald Widmere; prices prices reasonable – Apply Mr Robert Walton 409 New Hall lane Preston. - June ‘09 - There appears to be little prospect the old English Mastiff coming to the front again, though the chief winner, Mr AW Lucas' Frivolity, is quite a good stamp. - June ‘09 - A correspondent of the Spectator -  ‘saying many years ago of a man in Colyton Devon who had a breed of Mastiffs, and was greatly attached at his dogs. A few days later a friend met him and finding him still very despondent, said: —‘Why do you on grieving After all, it was only a dog?’. The old man replied - Aug’09 - For sale large Mastiff dog, 2 years old; four championships in pedigree ; is fit for any show bench. - Can be seen at Laurel Villa Anlaby Common Hull. – Sept ’09 – Mr Robert Leadbetter, master the Old Berkeley West Foxhounds, was fined £20 and costs for keeping Foxhounds, End Kennels, and nine Mastiff prize dogs, two carriages, and five male servants without having taken out licences. Defendant did not appear. – Oct ‘09 – The decline of the Mastiff. While many other large varieties are continually on the upgrade, Mastiffs are sensibly declining, fact which must inevitably occasion regret when we consider…

Feb ’10 - At this show the popularity of certain breeds and the decadence of others may ganged. The Mastiff, which is thoroughly English in character, has, sad to relate, lost much of his vogue, his place having been largely taken previous years, and apparently under the saddle yesterday did not do himself justice. Feb ‘10 - From account of Crufts Dog Show; it is melancholy fact that only eight enties have been received in the Mastiff section, this fine old British variety having steadily lost ground of late years. – Feb ‘10 - her own name, and that she was well-known in the doggie world as Mrs O’Connell. Her husband was a judge of Mastiffs and member of the Mastiff Club. Mr Houghton: Then there is no fear of her being lost sight of in the doggie world - April ‘10  - Magnificent pedigree Mastiff puppies; also several six months old; all highest breeding in the country. Mr Allan W Goldie Alderside Mastiff Kennels Toward Argyllshire – see at left. - May ’10 – Hunters. Col Z Walker’ Old Port. Mr W Taylor, who some little while back used to show Fox Terriers, entering the fancy again, but this time with Old English Mastiffs, he having ordered brace of pups, one of each sex. Well done, Mr. Taylor! Nothing like going in for extremes.

June ‘10 - Sale powerful young red Mastiff dog, massive 23i skull; highest pedigree.  - June ‘10 - One has only mention the fact that Col Z Walker’ well-known hunter Old Port was only reserve show the strength of the exhibits. - June ‘10 – On sale Mastiff Dog, 12 months; grand guard or companion. – Mr Grime Oak Lea Poulton-le-Fylde. -  July ‘10 - A year later, Mr William Foxglove, fellmonger of Tideswell, was fined 12s for keeping a great Mastiff dogg and suffering it to go loose and unmuzzled, by which means he hath great injuries, and he had £8 compellation. – Oct ‘10 - Lt-Colonel Z Walker still holds his own in Mastiffs, his Lord of the Manor and Britain’ Queen being the leaders– Dec ‘10 – Champion Salisbury Mastiff for sale, seven years, in good health; seen by appointment. Apply  Clare David, Ivy Cottage Treen Cornwall. -  - March ‘11 -  Mastiff at stud, winner of first and two seconds, son of Salisbury ex Pinxton Pride, 30s to Mastiff bitches, 15s to Bull Mastiff bitches; inspection invited. – Mr J Barrowcliffe, watchmaker of Stapleford

April ’11 – Sale pedigree Mastiff dog, fawn, 15 months old: best offer. -  James Marino Villa Newnham-on-Severn. – April ‘11 - Mr Arthur Hayter Wilmslow  Taylor, caterer of 8/9 New Bond Street Bath – see at left -, has now got his brace Old English Mastiffs, the writer having obtained them after considerable trouble, knowing that Mr Taylor would only have the best – July ’11 – Mr Barnett had lost one of his Great Danes. I now hear he has decided practically drop this foreign breed and take the Old English Mastiff, having purchased three puppies (two dogs and one bitch—sire Brindle Bruce, dam The lady Flora. – Aug ‘11 – I was sorry to hear of the death of Mr Arthur HW Taylor' old English Mastiff bitch through distemper. She had grown a very huge specimen and had a big future before her; but alas, it was not to be. – Oct ‘11 - at the Crystal Palace, Mr George Cook of Middlesbrough and Redcar, achieved a series of triumphs with his Mastiff Brompton Duke – see at right - , winning the championship, two firsts, and five cups. With Brompton Duchess he secured the championship.

Nov ’11 – Worried by Mastiff dogs. Terrible experience of Leeds youth at Middlesbrough. The 18 years old Harry Hargreaves of Micklethwaite Leeds was yesterday morning admitted North Ormesby Hospital Middlesbrough, in shockingly mutilated condition. It is understood he has tramped from Leeds to Middlesbrough in search of work. He got into Martin McKay’ marine store in Cargo Fleet lane ostensibly to sleep for the night. He was attacked by three Mastiffs and screamed aloud.  A witness secured an axe, broke open the door and saw a body on the ground, almost naked, with two Mastiffs worrying it. The dogs came for witness but he picked up a bar of iron and fought them off. According to Harry Hargreaves statement, his intention was finding a place to sleep and climbed the fence - a wooden hoarding, 14 feet in height -.

On reaching the ground, he was savagely set upon three Mastiffs which had been left loose to guard the premises and fought for life with them. The savage brutes tore every particle of clothing from his body. As attempts had been made break into his store - which is a lockup one – previously,  the proprietor kept three Mastiffs and a Terrier, which he allows to run loose in the yard every night. -

Nov ‘11 - A youth named Henry Hargreaves, of Leeds, died at the Middlesbrough hospital at yesterday from injuries sustained through his being attacked by four Mastiffs and a Terrier. Mr Martin McKay b ‘72, the Middlesbrough tragedy owner of Mastiffs declines to destroy them. The question of keeping dangerous dogs on private premises is exciting much interest at Middlesbrough.

Jan ’12 – Sale six Mastiff Pedigree pups. – Mr GW Walters Queen Victoria Road New Tupton. We regret the overshadowing of such an old British breed the Mastiff by the Great Danes, but happily the former variety appears to be regaining some its popularity. – Feb ‘12 - Mr A Arthur, of 41 New Bond street London,  won the two championships with Brompton Duke and Duchess, for which he paid high a prize, at the Kennel Club show. Ed – ch Brompton Duke, owned by Mr D Berry of Primrose Cottage Rickmansworth won also at Crufts ‘13. – Feb ‘12 - Other breeds are well represented, and are glad to see that there are 50 entries of that fine old breed, the Mastiff. - May ‘12 - noticeable feature of the exhibition was the fact that Mastiffs, a breed which during recent pears has lost much its one-time popularity, are coming again to the fore. Lieut-Col Walker - June ‘12 - For sale two English Mastiffs (prize dogs) - Apply Apthorpe Weston Road Bath - July ‘12 - Mastiff pups for sale. —Apply Mr Sanderson, 355 Ann' Wall-road Nottingham – Nov ‘12. 7. Mastiff: Used in ancient Bom e. for fighting in the amphitheatre. - April ‘13 - Doris Delemere’ prize Mastiff, the champion canine actor Tiger, displayed intelligence. and was quite at home, having performed in theatres and music - May ‘13  Linlithgowshire - A pig belonging a farmer killed a Mastiff. After he had four times returned been driven away from the latter’ shop. - July ‘13 - A story of ferocious attack girl by father’ Mastiff. The little girl, four years old, is daughter of Sergeant Sherrington Belle villa, Strauraor. The child was playing with the animal. – Aug ’13 - the very first of these dogs ever brought to England. He was the property of an enthusiastic supporter of the Old English Mastiff, and he seemed oddly out of place amongst the magnificent specimens of the latter breed the kennel contained. – Aug ’13 – Mastiff pups, highest pedigree; parents good watches, females cheap . Kennelmaid  Doucrevie Glenfarg . – Jan ‘14 – When Mr Hicks Beach had to face deficit, he was once advised to tax dogs by weight, the assumption being that the man who kept a Mastiff was wealthier than man who kept a Terrier, and that there were many people who kept big dogs, the amount money brought in by – Jan ‘14 - There was a time when it sheltered a herd of white cattle, of the same wild breed as those still kept by at Chillingham, but these unfortunately became extinct. The Lyme breed of cream-coloured Mastiffs is, however, still famous. – Feb ‘14 – Sale Mastiff dog pup, excellent guard and companion; good home. – Mr Richardson Albert Hall. – Feb ‘14 – For sale two English Mastiff dogs and one bitch, 7 weeks old; first prize strain – To be seen at McLaren 112 Viaduct. - March ’14 - large English Mastiff, 19 months old. Can be seen at Owens College  88 Lloyd-street Manchester - April ‘14 - The death of Mr Cuthbert Green, licensed victualler of Witton Gilbert, has occurred under painful circumstances. At one time Mr Green was a well-known breeder and exhibitor of Mastiffs, and he was a familiar figure at Northumberland and Cumberland race and sports- meetings. - June ‘14 - Three brindle Mastiff puppies, monster parents; pedigree; photo and full particulars. – Mr Green Brandon Durham. –

Sept ‘14 – Must sell British Mastiff Marbuny Duke, shown once, won third ; splendid guard or show dog —Minister, The Cedars Sidmouth street Hull. – Nov ‘14 - The fighting in Poland, he says, is like a Terrier attacking a Mastiff. The Terrier dashes about from spot to spot, hoping for chance inflict some minor hurt on the bigger dog. The Mastiff waits till some too daring move will bring the Terrier’ neck. – Dec ‘14 - Mrs W Baker of Church Street Creswell have sent to the War Dogs sale for the National Relief Fund, an old English Mastiff. This was a very fine pedigree dog. The sale was held at Harrod’ Stores London. – Jan ‘15 - Sale, magnificent pedigree fawn Mastiff dog, age 18 months; good home essential.— 10 Devon Road Fishponds. – Feb ‘15 – For sale, pedigree Mastiff bitch, ten months old; £2. - Mr E Wilkinson The Spinney Stoke Park Coventry. – Feb ’15 - proposed to create a new type, a model of strength and endurance, courage, intelligence and size. The ideal is a very muscular Mastiff with a broad, strong back and short, hard hair; and his docility at least equal to his understanding. – April ’15 - kindly undertook the secretarial duties, pro tem, and readers desiring further particulars are requested to refer to this gentleman for same. A very generous inducement to those who favour the old English Mastiff, as well to effect a wakening of members throughout the country, has been announced by the advocate of a Business Government, who recently entered the show ring, as member of the Old English Mastiff Club – June ‘15 -  At stud Mastiff |dog, good pedigree, proved sire. - Apply Hezekiah Wagstaff Victoria street Ralston Notts. - July ‘15 – Pure bred pedigree Mastiff for sale.—Apply Mr A Hayes Salisbury House Westbury-on-Trym. – Sept ‘ 15 – One of the most neglected breeds England to-day the old English Mastiff, and I’m pleased to find that one of the few supporters of this variety living at Parkgate in the person of Mr Archibald Brookes. – Oct ’15 – For sale Mastiff pups, pure bred, seven weeks old. Cheap to clear. - Apply A Gulverhouse Market Street Church Gresley. – Jan ’16 – Lovely powerful pure bred Mastiff dog, fawn, 17 months, over 100lbs. Apply Colwick road Nottingham. – Feb ‘16 – Pedigree Mastiff pups for sale, seven months: sire Beowulf – see centre -, dam by British Monarch (sold for £250). - Apply Mr Marshall May Cottage Edward road Coulsdon Surrey -

April '16 - Mastiff dog prize bred, eight months: perfect guard: free from vice. -  Mr Walter Waters, fish merchant & councillor of Montrose Villa 5 Dudley Park Road - see at right - Acocks Green. Ed - Closeby Lt-Col Z Walker Fox Hollies  Hall - May ’17 – The Scarlet Pimpernel – see at right -, said to the finest old English Mastiff  of the country, and valued £500, the property of Mr Crawshaw. – Sept ‘17 - Champion Mastiff, cheap, giving up. To be seen at  Abbeydale road ?Sheffield. – Oct ‘17 - Mr WE Alcock, of Hill House Durham-road Sunderland, is is a thorough sportsman and a splendid supporter of all athletics. In his younger days he displayed considerable skill with the gloves, was a good shot, and loved course. But 30 years ago his particular fancy was the Mastiff, he bred more and won more and sold at higher prices than any man in the North of England. – Jan ‘18 - Brindle Mastiff bitch, 2 years old, best guard living; suitable for watchman or warehouse; price reasonable. Mr Bradshaw 40 Bainbrigge street Derby. – Nov ‘18  - To-day, for the first time, dog was seen in Southport being used for commercial haulage purposes. The animal, a large Mastiff, was in the shafts of small cart loaded with coke, and was being driven along the footpath of one of the principal streets - a pedigree dark Mastiff dog, one the best bred dogs the Midlands, also fawn Mastiff bitch, good black mask. Is under perfect control, corner giving breeding.—Apply Mr C Goodwin ?Nottingham

April '16 - Mastiff dog prize bred, eight months: perfect guard: free from vice. -  Mr Walter Waters, fish merchant & councillor of Montrose Villa 5 Dudley Park Road - see at right - Acocks Green. Ed - Closeby Lt-Col Z Walker Fox Hollies  Hall - May ’17 – The Scarlet Pimpernel – see at right -, said to the finest old English Mastiff  of the country, and valued £500, the property of Mr Crawshaw. – Sept ‘17 - Champion Mastiff, cheap, giving up. To be seen at  Abbeydale road ?Sheffield. – Oct ‘17 - Mr William Ed Alcock, of Hill House Durham road Sunderland, is is a thorough sportsman and a splendid supporter of all athletics. In his younger days he displayed considerable skill with the gloves, was a good shot, and loved course. But 30 years ago his particular fancy was the Mastiff, he bred more and won more and sold at higher prices than any man in the North of England. – Jan ‘18 - Brindle Mastiff bitch, 2 years old, best guard living; suitable for watchman or warehouse; price reasonable. Mr Bradshaw 40 Bainbrigge street Derby. – Nov ‘18  - To-day, for the first time, dog was seen in Southport being used for commercial haulage purposes. The animal, a large Mastiff, was in the shafts of small cart loaded with coke, and was being driven along the footpath of one of the principal streets - a pedigree dark Mastiff dog, one the best bred dogs the Midlands, also fawn Mastiff bitch, good black mask. Is under perfect control, corner giving breeding.—Apply C Goodwin Abbott street Awsworth near Ilkeston.

July ‘19 – For sale great sacrifice, registered pedigree Mastiff dog, weight 112lb, height 28in, demon guard. - Smith 21 Greek-street Radford. - July ’19 – For sale pure bred Mastiff dog. Apply Mr Rowley Eccleston near Chorley. – Sept ‘19 - A little mite makes friends with the largest Mastiff at Altrincham Agricultural Show. – Oct ‘19 - The Press campaign for national economy is undoubtedly doing great good, but Alsatian wolf dogs whilst so many of our good old English breeds, notably the Mastiff, are allowed practically to die out. Now that Mr Taunton, the hon secretary of the Mastiff Club, has been elected as one of the first members of the council of. – Nov ’19 – The publication of the photographs of the beautiful Mastiffs owned by Mrs Rosamund Alys Conquest née Acworth b ‘92 – ed – Collyhurst Squire,  ch’s Young Mary Bull & Miss Bull - has brought us a most interesting letter from a gentlemen in Scotland, who, noting our remarks that we feared  the breed was in danger of extinction, tells us of his brother' kennels in the Transvaal.

May ’20 - Miss Hitchings, of Sheffield, won with her well-known fawn Mastiff dog, King Baldur – see at left, one the finest dogs in England. Previously this dog won at Kensington Show London, gaining the championship. – Aug ‘20 – For sale (or exchange), pure bred Mastiff pup. - Offers M Morris, 34 Duke Street Trowbridge. – Nov ‘20 -1 Miss Pope and her Mastiffs. Two fine specimens of the breed exhibited at the Kennel Club Show. – Dec ‘21 – Miss Harbur’ Mastiff Master Beowulf – see at right -, 2 firsts and special. – Sept ‘22 - secretary of the Old English Mastiff Club, and the dogs in question, three bitches and a dog, had been registered as Mastiffs; their sire was the Mastiff King Baldur, but the dam, Penkhull Lady, was registered as a Bull-Mastiff, and, of course, her pro – Dec ’22 – National Dog show champions. A silver challenge cup presented by Birmingham brewers for the best Mastiff was awarded to Master Beowulf, owned by Mrs E Harbur of  Peckham. -Feb  ’23 – This championship business is an awful bore. What Miss E Harbur’ Mastiff Master Beowulf thought Survey’ method of facing the judges. – Oct ‘23 - exhibits in these two breeds that single out one or two for special mention is beyond me. 1 had not seen thoroughly good Mastiff for some years until I came across the entries at the show, and, after seeing them, I returned to old allegiance to this breed. - March ’24 - Scene in the paddock on the opening day. The Mastiff was success throughout and largely attended from all parts. At the National Hunt Steeplechase the winner and Peter the Piper together over the final jump. - March '24 - very fine English Mastiff male, can win keenest competition, seen by appointment. - 33 Kirke White street Nottingham - May ‘24 - Miss Allin had the only Mastiff in the show. He had to compete in the only variety class. – Oct ‘24 - Mastiffs were the great feature. This good old English breed had 12 dogs and 15 bitches. This stands the highest record for 15 years. – Nov ’24 – For sale, grand litter old English Mastiff pups, fawn with black masks, by Champion Cedric of Ashenhurst (weight 15 stone) ex my winning bitch Diana of Dervot. Mrs Baggaley, 12 Queen street Bridlington Yorks.

  Jan ‘25 Illustrated Sporting – three Mastiff bitch puppies for sale by Poor Joe ex Squire' Daughter of Westcroft. - For particulars, apply Miss Bell, Earleywood Lodge, Ascot. April '25 - Some little time ago we published a head study of Mrs John Evans' young home-bred Mastiff Prince, who took the challenge certificate at Crufts although only just out of puppyhood (ed - 13 months), and the judge Mr R Leadbetter – Oct ‘25 - A Mastiff is the ideal dog. In build combines dignity with power, well being decidedly handsome. Highly intelligent, he can easily trained and is instinctively alert to guard his mistress and her property. The Mastiff is typically British. – Oct ‘25 - Mastiff bitch puppies, champions in pedigree both sides. - Particulars, Mr Adams, 156 Devonshire street Sheffield. – Oct ’25 - a fine old English Mastiff shown by Miss K F Jones of Ollerton, which is 18 months old, tipped the beam at 11 stones.  – Dec ‘25 - Challenge Cup, were won by Miss Bell's Mastiff Woden, a really magnificent specimen, very massive and perfectly sound, wjth good action and perfect legs and feet. It will be remembered that this grand Mastiff also took the challenge certificate.

Oct ‘26 - the fine old English breed, the Mastiff is becoming very popular, so readers will be glad to hear that Miss Bell – see at left with ch Uther Penarvon b ’29 & Bill’ dau Hermia b ’30  - has one or two puppies to sell at moderate what was being considered. – Oct ‘26 - The chief feature of the Buxton Canine Society’ show, which attracted a record entry of over a thousand, was the wonderful exhibition of Mastiffs, of which there were 38—the largest. - June ‘26 – Mrs Walton, of the Studland Kennels Innisfree Mayfield, is to be congratulated on taking 9 prizes out of 10 classes with her Mastiff dog Joe (ed- later re-named Hellingly Joseph), and her Mastiff bitch Sarah Jane, at the Windsor Show last week, including the special prize for the best novice bitch. – Ed - Dr Albert James Walton KCVO Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order, the Harley street physician who has been appointed Surgeon to His Majesty’ household in ‘30, resides at his country house Innisfree Old Mill Mayfield.  - Feb ‘26 - Pedigree Mastiff puppies, fawns; dogs £5, bitches £4.; - Mr Taylor 10 Park street Stapleford Notts. - March ’26 – Young Mastiff dog by Adamite ex Portia; silver fawn. Apply Mr Walker Mandalay Kennels 56 Mandalay street Basford. - July ’26 – Mastiff, large bone, big frame; sire Macduff .- Mr Warren Wilson Jarvis Brook East Sussex. - Jan 15 ‘27 - Illustrated Sporting  Mr WK Taunton, a much-respected man who was prominent when many of us, who think we can look back a long way, were in the nursery. I believe he was exhibiting before the Kennel Club was founded, and the the amount of honorary work that he has put in is incredible.

Mastiffs, his principal breed, had the benefit of his services to the last, as he was hon secretary of the Old English Mastiff Club. Out of the way foreign breeds also appealed to Mr Taunton. - July ‘27 – From time to time some of them make inroads on our shows, with results that must be satisfactory to their pride. When I (ed - Croxton Smith) judged Mastiffs at Manchester last year I was glad to learn after all was over that one of the challenge certificates had gone to ch Prince. – Aug ‘27 - The death of Mr Martin McKay at Redcar yesterday. Years ago Mr McKay had a marine store at Cargo Fleet Middlesbrough. One night, a man of suspicious character scaled the wall surmountiug the property. Three large Mastiffs were kept on the premises in a special cage, and into this cage the intruder dropped. The discovery ot his mutilated body next day created one of the greatest news sensations of the time. – Sept ‘27 - Mastiffs seem to have almost died out, which is pity, for they are a typically English breed and were in Britain when the Romans came. English literature teems with references to Mastiffs, Mastive-dogges. - Oct ‘27 – Magnificent Mastiff dog, prize-winner at recent Championship Show, cheap. - Prince Wales Hotel Derbyshire lane Norton Woodseats. – Nov ‘27 - that presided over Mr A Baggaley, at The Limes George street Cottingham. The owner is, of course, the renowned breeder of Mastiffs, specimens of his having won fame many times. I lost count the dogs she has at present, but the number approached thirty. – Nov ‘27 - By Mrs Horsfall' Great Dane ch Hannibal of Redgrave, was the popular hero, and about the same time also a brindle Mastiff called Peter Piper, the property of a Liverpool gentleman. Since then there have been several claimants in each generation. -  Dec ‘27 - Old English Mastiff, pure bred pedigree puppies for sale, four months old. Sire champion Blaise of Westcroft. Apply – Mrs Ricardo Colebrooke. – Dec ’27 - like a wholesale poisoning of valuable show dogs is causing considerable indignation in Jersey. During the last few days a Mastiff, a French Bulldog, and several Terriers, all extremely valuable and in different ownership, have been found fatally poisoned. Mrs Evans told me how successful her kennel of Mastiffs had been during the past year, so I trust her dogs have escaped. In any case, the miscreant should soon be traced in the circumscribed space. –

Feb ‘28 – The champion Mastiff  Messrs Thomas & Oliver’ Menai Juno - May ‘28 - On the left, Mrs. Samuelson with her handsome Mastiff; Capt Samuelson Newton Abbot. – Nov ‘28 – English Mastiffs. A opportunity occurs to person wishing to take entire stock for sale, comprising stud, brood bitch & puppies, all guaranteed. – Dec ’28 – Two Mastiff pedigree puppies, fawn, healthy, sound limbs. Mr C Jameson Gautley road Oxrell Wigan. –

 Jan ‘29 - The Mastiff by A Croxton Smith. Mastiffs have had many ups and downs even in my own time. When I first became interested in dog showing, the late Dr J Sidney Turner and several other men had kennels of sound, typical dogs, and the Mastiff classes. – Feb ‘29 - One thoroughbred Mastiff dog pup, four months old. Mr T W Priestnall Desford Leicester. – Feb ’29 – At Crufts there were toy dogs weighing only a few ounces and Mastiffs scaling over 14 stones. – Feb ‘ 29 - Mrs Spencer Dickens with her two Mastiffs arriving at the show. – May ‘29 – Col Garnier, breeder of British Mastiffs for many years, commenced when quite a boy, and his knowledge of the subject caused him to become one of the greatest, if not the greatest, living authority and judges of that noble breed dogs. His famous mastiff Lion, which himself bred, was the sire of that great dog Governor, reckoned to be the most perfect specimen of the old British Mastiff of the la - May ‘29 - Mastiffs once more are regaining the ground lost in the last twenty years. On the whole, I think they are sounder, though some of - June ‘29  Illustrated Sporting – Who says Mastiffs cannot move. Mrs G Samuelson – Sept ‘29 – An ex police man, who attempted last night to break into Risley Hall, the residence of Mr Ernest Terah Hooley, was seized by a huge Mastiff. – Sept ‘29 – At stud until sold, old English Mastiff, huge bone, plenty wrinkle, fee £3.—Mr William Wakelin, butcher of Forest road New Ollerton. Ed - Mr Wakelin b '71 sold his Wantley Joy which became Hellingly' foundation brood Oct ‘29 - Magnificent Mastiff fawn bitch for sale, 3 years, good pedigree; excellent condition and good wrinkle; price reasonable.— Mr Win Hay 24 Hollon - Grand Mastiff bitches, 4 months, fine heads, huge limbs. Sire King Agrippa – see at left, dam daughter of ch Blaise of Westcroft. - Waterside House  Oldham.  – Oct ’29 - The Mastiff has been a lucky dog; he has fallen into the right hands, and the result is every day sees him more popular. The present-day Mastiff is an object lesson of how a dog can be big and heavy and yet sound – Nov ‘29 - Owing to removal stock must sold: young Mastiff dog, young Mastiff Bitch, 18 months, brood bitch; excellent pedigrees.— Offers - Vernon House Yews lane Barnsley Yorks. – Dec ’29 – Pedigree sale Sheila of Walverden, beautiful fawn Mastiff bitch, grand-daughter ch. should be winner; exceptionately cheap to good home. Mr S F Smith, Hillside Colne Lancs. – Dec ‘29 – The heavy-weight class. Dawn ot Dervot, a splendid Mastiff, with his mistress, Mrs Baggaley of Cottingham near Hull. – Dec ‘29 - Miss Freda Dalton of  Buxton, second in Mastiffs.

Jan ‘30 - Magnificent English Mastiff bitch, nine months; pedigree; £10; sacrifice. - Mr Aspden, Holt lane Poulton-le-Fylde. – Jan ‘30 - Clitheroe - I know that a good many people are going toI them for Mastiffs as companions. It is a great thing to get these dogs more widely distributed  among the general public. Years ago Mastiffs  were associated with a number of our great houses.  – Feb ’30 - magnificent pedigree Mastiff bitch, 4 years, perfect in every way; accept reasonable price. – Mr Munks Wadsley lane. - Feb '30 – Pedigree Mastiff dog, cheap to good home. - Mr Mayfield 29 High street Hucknall. - March ‘30 - The death is announced from Sydney of Mr John Brown, the millionaire owner collieries, ships and racehorses. He owned a big house at Newcastle NSW with an old housekeeper who had been with  him for many years. The house was guarded by six fierce Mastiffs. - July ‘30 - Pedigree Mastiff dog; fawn colour; what offers? – Mr Briggs 16 Hawthorne place. - Aug '30 - Lady Jane of Garlinge,  a Mastiff weighing 154 lbs, owned by Mrs Frances Samuelson, of Lympne, was adjudged the best dog in the show. -– Sept ‘30 -  Pure bred brindle and fawn Mastiff puppies for sale, with black masks, seven weeks. - Mr Cox The Cross Street Somerset. – Oct ‘30 - Mrs Evans, the well-known Mastiff breeder, has recently purchased a young bitch from the Darenth Kennels, and is starting the Dandie breed in Jersey. – Oct ‘30 - Reputed to be the largest dog in the show, but not for competition, was Captain Robert Thomas’ Anglesea Menai, a Mastiff. This weighed over 15 stones and stood 34 inches in height. With it went bitch, Ursula Menai, which weighed over 13 stone.

Jan '31 - that many good dogs have been exported, and I have heard of staggering prices being refused. I understand that the young Mastiff bitch, Stella Menai, bred by Messrs Thomas & Oliver of Buxton, and sold by them after she had made a name for herself. – Feb ‘31 – Miss Bell, Earlywood Lodge Ascot, has a few Mastiff pups for sale, fawn and brindle, seen by appointment. During 1930 eight challenge certificates. – Feb ‘31 - who is glad to see the old English breeds in the ascendant (and who isn't?) was delighted to see the number of old English Mastiffs entered. They are steadily on the upward trend, and show a tremendous increase in quality. - March ‘31 - topped Mastiffs are again in favour, and those splendid, imperial dogs are well worth the money asked for them. Big dogs require plenty of. - April ’31 - Size, after all, is a relative term, depending upon comparisons with other animals that exist at the time. Wallace, the Mastiff bred by Mr T Lukey from a bitch that he bought in 1835, was described as immense, standing as he did 33 in. at the shoulder. - May ’31 - Most of the features of the ladies' show were very much in accordance with expectations, except that Mastiffs were in front of Great Danes with an entry of 108. They were judged by Mr Herbert Cook, who is a prominent exhibitor. - May ‘31 - Recently very expensive prices for good animals are stated to be about £400 for a Mastiff and £200 for a St Bernard, yet there were 15 exhibitors of St Bernards and nine of Mastiffs. - June ‘31 - Giant Mastiff was advertised for sale because of unexpected income tax demands. Yet should have thought that that was the very reason for keeping giant Mastiff. - July ’31 – English Mastiff stud Majestic, winner Cruft's and Richmond. Young stock on sale, price reasonable. Mr Simon Bigrigg Cumberland. – Aug ‘31 - A highly original outcross of which I have heard is that made by Lord Aylesbury, who has used a Mastiff to his Bloodhounds. I am told these three-quarter bred hounds can hunt a line four teen hours cold. – Oct ‘31 - Old English Mastiff dog, 4 years old, good watch dog. - Apply Leighton Inverpark Castle Terrace Mayfield. – Dec ‘31 - Miss Rosita Forbes, - see at right - the noted explorer and writer – see at right. The gentleman in question is Barney, her Mastiff, seen above, who does his work quietly, respectfully and efficiently. – Dec ’31 – Mastiff dog, 2 years old, highest pedigree, huge animal; good guard; owner goes away; sacrifice, £l4 (cost £30 when puppy).

Jan ‘32 - Sir Harry Lee, of Ditchley, had a number of dogs among them Leo, an ungainly Mastiff. Nobody took much notice of him, least of all Sir Harry; he was useless for sport and drifted into the menial position. - April ’32 – Mr Thomas took the part in the film 'The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse. His hobby was breeding Mastiffs, and with those he had taken international prizes. He used regularly to hunt with the High Peak Hounds in spite of a leg wound. - May ‘32 – Fine dogs view. By invitation of Messrs Spillers. Mrs Frances Samuelson, of Lympne, exhibited three of her prize winning Mastiffs on their Stand at the Ideal Home Exhibition on April 20th. Michael, the 14 stone dog, and his young brother. - June ‘32 - Mr W Vannam Smith  of Reading has handled the big breeds, and in Mastiffs particularly won with his exceptional exhibits. With his champion Blaise – see at left, reputed to be the biggest Mastiff in his time, he won seven challenge certificates including the hundred guinea. Ed - Mr William Alfred Vannam-Smith ’89-41 died Mildmay House Middleton Road Banbury. He was proprietor of the Hardingham Boarding Kennels Sutton Courtenay Abingdon well-known for Alsatians, the Dogs’ Hospital Grimsbury Banbury and Chairman the Banbury & District Canine Association. Quote dd ’32 - in the height of its fame the animal went blind and on the day Mr Vannam-Smith received an exceptional offer from America, but the champion had to be destroyed. Later Mr Vannam-Smith saw that the beautiful national dog of Britain would become popular and commenced -.

  July ‘32 - The Mastiff is described as follows: A Mastiff is a manner of hound. The Mastiff' nature and office is to keep his master' beasts and his master' house.– July ‘32 - Old English Mastiff dog, fawn, prize winner; good temper and condition.—Mr Dally Poet Preston. - Nov ’32 - A good many people in Folkestone and district take an interest in champion Cinque Ports Michael, the fine Mastiff belonging to  Mrs Frances   Samuelson of Lympne. You will see his picture on another page.

Feb ‘33 - acclaimed the best Mastiff under three years old. Michael  was also reserve for the Champion Certificate, the championship being secured this year by the Mastiff over which Michael  secured first place at Crufts last year. - April ‘33 - The Mastiffs, strangely enough, have their most enthusiastic admirers in women owners. In the heavies, as has been the case at this show parish. - April ‘33 - Mrs E V Barton, the dog breeder who was attacked by a Mastiff in her kennels at Lowfield Heath near Crawley. Her face was torn and has had eye removed in a London nursing home. - June ‘33  Pershore – Mr Handley is confined to his bed with severe injuries as a result of a savage attack made on him by his dog, a huge Mastiff. Accompanied by the dog, he had gone out to shut up his poultry for the night, and was on the look-out for outlying. – Sept ‘33 - Allestree house adjoins a small window in the front wall of the house. Frequently, when this window is open, the head a huge Mastiff is framed it, and it acts as a much more effective warning than the notice.  – Oct ‘33 - Miss McLean Farquhar’s Mastiff (Blackburn). - Dec ‘33 - Mastiff puppies for sale, 7 weeks, by ch Ajax.—Apply N Clarke, 2 Marston Road, Lidlington Bedfordshire.

Jan ‘34 –Mastiff bitch puppies, 3 months, pure bred. - Cox The Cross Street, Somerset. - Jan ‘34 – Pedigree stock Mastiff dog, registered Kennel Club. £ 12. - Dorchester Road Yeovil. - Feb ‘34 - Mrs A Baggaley, who has forsaken the giant Mastiff for the diminutive Dachshund. - March‘34 - Mastiff at stud.  Ch Marksman of Hellingly, first brindled champion for more than 20 years.  - May '34 - This Mastiff has been given by Mr H J White, member of the Bradford City Council, for inclusion in the Bradford Royal Infirmary Appeal Fund auction sale. Sold the donor (Mr H J White) for ten guineas, and re-sold to Victor for seven guineas - June ’34 - For sale Pedigree Mastiff dog - William Henry Adams Ramleh  Hotel Esplanade Paignton. Ed - Captain William Henry Adams b '94 of Bradley Trumlands road St Marychurch Torquay, late hotel proprietor Ramleh Hotel  - see at right - Paignton', died in ’42 Royal Army Ordnance Corps Roll of Honor. Probate has been granted to his widow Mrs Kathleen N Adams. He was the son of William Adams ‘58-39, of Bona vie St Marychurch Torquay, formerly the oldest member of the Torquay Town Council, on which he had served for 38 years. He left estate of the gross value of £38,600 - June '34 – Sale pedigree Mastiff puppies, fawns and brindles; took first prize last Saturday. – Mr David Wood Hardy Croft Wakefield - June ‘34 - Included in the auction which will appeal to practically everybody. A mansion, a house, motor cars, bull, pedigree English Mastiff, pictures by eminent artists, dress lengths and suit lengths– Aug ’34 – At the Agricultural Show Field Harrogate was an entry of 502, with Mastiffs by a long way the most popular individual breed. In the classes for Mastiffs Mrs EG Oliver of Bedale had entered nearly thirty dogs. – Aug ‘34 - The Big Breeds entry headed by Mastiffs, with 101 entries. Great Danes are the favourites, though one is glad to know that the Mastiffs are making progress.– Oct ‘34 - When shows first began, Mastiffs were largely in the possession of noble families, and it is source of regret that old strains.– Nov ‘34 - English Mastiff, 5 months, cheap.—Boulevard Hotel Nottingham. – Nov ‘34 – An employer of Mr Mark Young The Towers, was the victim of a peculiar accident recently. He was looking after two Mastiffs owned by his employer when one of them (suspected going after cat) punted him to the ground. Mr Roddis sustained severe grazes.– Dec ‘34 - For sale Mastiff, excellent pedigree, 16 months old; owner parting owing to lack of room. - 42 Nelson road Hastings.  Ed – dd ’31 Dancing. Private Tuition in Operatic Character Musical Comedy Step and Ballroom. Miss Gladys Wheeler 42 Nelson road Hastings - Dec ’34 - Pedigree Mastiff bitch Broomcourt Sheila, 18 months, very docile and clean, 5 gns; approval.—Mr Walter Brooks    South Lodge Tilehurst Berkshire.

Feb ‘35 - young pedigree Mastiff bitch. 16 months, 6s. – Mr Hughes, Gwastadfaes Farm Waenfawr Caernarvonshire. -  March ‘35 - An entirely cross has proved successful. I well remember the late Colonel Walker telling about his kennel of untouchable Mastiffs.  The introduction of the Spanish Bulldog caused crooked tails. &c. - March ’35 - Fawn Mastiff puppies for sale, pedigree registered Bull Mastiff bitch.-  Monk Wearmouth Brewery. -  Aug ’35 - Princess Elizabeth' Welsh Corgi – see at left -, which she took with her to Glamis, was given to her two years ago in place of a Mastiff puppy she had as this was considered likely to grow into too formidable pet for children. The Princess (ed  -born April ’26) and her corgi are now. – Aug ’35 - Mr Charles Fossey Station road Arlesey Bedfords took a first, second and third with his Mastiff Son of Dawn (ed – b April ’33 & bred by Mrs N Clarke out of Wantley Jeffrey’ dau Break of Day sired by ch Hellingly Ajax.)Aug ’35 – Large but docile. Miss Doris Lumsden, of Dundee, with her big but very docile Mastiff Roy who is always willing to give her a ride round the garden on his back. – Sept ’35 - Exchange old English Mastiff champion dog (ed – ch Broomcourt Black Mask), winner at Darlington, Blackpool and Harrogate, and two high-class bitches; genuine value, £200. Cash adjustment either way. Mr Illingworth Croft House. - Nov ’35 – English Mastiff bitch, three years, one litter only, 11 nine dogs, champion pedigree; also pup dog, seven months. - Warren-Browne Duddleswell.

March ‘36 – Mastiff puppies for sale, fawn and brindle. Pedigree. - Mrs West Dorchester Road Yeovil. - June ’36 - Further on in the catalogue, one' eye was arrested by the number of entries in Mastiffs made by Mrs E G Oliver of Bedale Hall, no fewer than 27 appearing after her name. - July ‘36 - Two prize British Mastiffs have been imported from England in order to provide a guard for a child against kidnappers. – Nov ‘36 – Highly pedigreed English Mastiff bitch for sale; house-trained. - Patterson Wellington House Alford Place Aberdeen. – Dec ‘36 - For shooting a Mastiff valued at £300, William Stampton, of Eastchurch Isle of Sheppey, was fined £5  or a month' imprisonment. It was stated that the dog, owned by a titled woman, was found a maize field with a wound in the back. Ed – Shurland Hall Eastchurch – see at right.

Jan ‘37 - A monster Mastiff, brindle, true guard and sensible, good pedigree. Apply Mr Harold Stead Swithenbank Lane Rothwell Leeds. – Jan ‘37 - For sale, Mastiff Bitch, three years old, sire ch Arolite' son Arovot, dam ch Arolite' paternal half sis Bathsheba, three guineas or nearest offer. - Mr Thomas Jessop Bone Carnarvon road Huthwaite Notts. - March ’37 – Mastiff puppies for sale, also winning dog at stud. Particulars, Saxondale Kennels Lanlivery Bodmin – July ‘37 - Mastiff puppies for sale; better blood; dogs boarded. - Williamson Orsett Road Horndon-on-the-Hill Stanford. – July ’37 - Among the declines that strike me as disturbing is that in Mastiffs, a magnificent and traditional breed, who have contributed only 34 registrations, against more than 100 three years ago. - June ‘37 - The huge Mastiff belonging to Mr Alfred Reginald W Noble, builder of Little Grange Canterbury Road Margate, saved his master’ property by scaring away an intruder on Thursday evening. A man gained entrance to the premises breaking a window. - July ‘37 - Sale, four pedigree Mastiff puppies. - Mr Baxendale, Half Way House Hotel Clayton-le-Woods near Chorley. -

Feb ‘38 – Remodelled in recent years. Willhayne, was formerly the residence of the late Mr H de Spencer Kingdon, a well-known breeder of Mastiffs, on which he wrote with authority, died about 30 years ago. The property was left to his grandson Mr Noakes – Feb ’38 – Sale, pedigree thoroughbred Mastiff dog, 18 months; cheap to good home. – Mr Connell Tanganyika London Road Slough. - March ’38 – Old English Mastiff puppies, fawn, 5 months old 5 stone each, sire Sir Timothy, dam Gypsie of Saxdell, marvellous bone and black masks - April ‘38 – For sale Old English Mastiff  pup, six months old. Will sell only to suitable home. - Parker, 5 North hill terrace Plymouth. - May ’38 – Lovely fawn Mastiff dog, pedigree, 5 years, splendid guard; sell £20 or nearest offer; only to good home. - Fookes Otterham N Cornwall - June ’38 - Upstanding Mastiff bitch, brindle, four years old, splendid pedigree; cheap to good people. - Effingham Arms Rotherham. – Aug ‘38 – Mastiffs for sale, splendid bitch puppies, 12 weeks, good bone. Price from 6 gns. Apply - Mrs R M Langton Woodbrook.

Jan ’39 - A guard for your house and yourself? This is a Mastiff’ job! Fine bitch pups for sale, from Miss Bell Great Withybush Cranleigh Surrey. – June ‘39 - Brindle Mastiff dog puppy, six months, good natured, well grown, use car. - Hinks’ Kennels, Sherlock Street – Jan ‘39 - Death of Mr E G Oliver, of Bedale Hall, at the age of 59. For years he was the leading light in all matters concerning Mastiffs and his Hellinglys were famous. As chairman of the Big Breeds Society he was one of its promoters, and was instrumental – Jan ‘39 – Mr Herbert Cook – see above - has accepted the position of Mastiff judge at this years Crufts Show. Mr Cook, who now resides in Birmingham, is exceptionally well known in doggy circles on Teesside, being the former owner of the famous Cleveland Mastiff kennels. – Jan ‘39 - Mr and Mrs Oliver, who lived at Bedale Hall Yorks, founded a big kennel of Mastiffs after the War. He became a member of the Kennel Club in 1928 and was put on the Committee three years later. – Jan ‘39 – Death of Mr Harry Whittaker at Birtley Field House Newcastle, aged 54. In his youth he was in the butchering department of Hebden Bridge Industrial Society, afterwards being appointed manager of the butchering department for the Litlleborough Society. Later he took up farming at Rockcliffe and some 15 years ago went to Birtley Newcastle where he took over the business of mineral water manufacturer, known as the the Birtley Bottling Company. He had always been keenly interested in sport and in his younger days played football with the Hebden Bridge Tradesmen' team. At Birtley he played golf, had been breeder and exhibitor of Mastiff dogs, been with the Birtley Cricket Club, and actively interested in Freemasonry He married daughter of the late Mr Ben Sykes. – Feb ’39 – The invincible Broomcourt Mastiffs. The property of Mr Ben Bennett of Sandygate Lodge Sheffield. Winners at all the leading Shows and the most successful kennel in the breed at Crufts. - March ‘39 – He was well known in the county and much further afield an authority on Mastiffs. My colleague, Garth Whittaker, tells me that Mr Oliver was the most famous breeder of Mastiffs in the world. - April ‘39 - Old English Mastiff, 2 years old; owner having to dispose same owing to moving to flat: sacrifice £10 to good home. - Apply Blunsden – Aug ’39 – Mastiff pups, prize-winning, champion pedigree, make ideal house guards: used to children. - Mrs Bosanquet. – Aug ‘39 -The leaders in the pairs contest were a tiny Sleeve Pekingese, shown by Miss Moira Guthrie of Guthrie, and Raymond of Goring, a fine English Mastiff shown by Mr David A B Duke, of Bearehill Brechin in the comic dog show at the fete at Guthrie Castle. – Aug ’39 - No affrighted passengers the off leader was seized a lioness, which had escaped from a caravan on its way to Salisbury Park. A large Mastiff bounded to the rescue, but the lioness left the horse, which had…

WWII newspaper snippets of the breed. - October 10 ‘39 - Founder of Rotherham Steel Firm dies. One of the best known business men in the Rotherham district, Mr Benjamin (Ben) Bennett, who has recently moved from Rotherham to Sheffield, died yesterday at his home, Sandygate Lodge Sandygate Sheffield. He had been in ill health for the last few months. Mr Ben Bennett was a member of Rotherham Unionist Club, Sitwell Park Golf Club & Rotherham Golfers’ Club. A great lover of dogs, he gained national repute as a breeder and exhibitor of Mastiffs. He leaves a widow, one son, and three daughters. - His wife Georgina & two Broomcourt Mastiffs in the centre - ’39 – For sale Mastiff – Mrs F Woolley 237 Walsall Road Perry Barr nr Birmingham – ed – owner of ch Deleval Alftruda – see below at right -. Nov ’39 – Wonderful guard. Mastiff bitch to be given, on terms, to really good home. - Miss Bell Great Withybush Cranleigh. Nov ’39 – English Mastiff dog for sale, two years old. – Mr W L Plowright 9 Mulroy-road Sutton Coldfield Warwicks. Nov ‘39 - Mastiff bitch puppy for Sale. - 2 Cecil-street Middlesbrough. The British minesweeping trawler Mastiff, built at Leith last year, is the latest victim of a German mine. One of her crew is dead, and five are missing. - Nov ‘39 - Lost fawn Mastiff bitch strayed.  Answers to Lady 1 Albany Terrace Grangetown. Nov ‘39 - Mastiff Dog, seven months, champion pedigree, magnificent specimen, wonderful guard; cheap. - Stratford-on-Avon. Dec ’39 - Handsome young Mastiff bitch for sale; sweet disposition, very intelligent and obedient; splendid guard. - Ockford Boarding Kennels, Godalming. December 15, 1939 – Champion bred Mastiff bitch; cheap. - Higher Broughton nr Manchester. Dec ’39 - Pedigree Mastiff dog, 2 years (registered at Kennel Club). Full particular in poster. Dec ’39 – Beautiful ten months old Mastiff dog, splendid companion £5, or nearest offer to good home only. —Miss Hamilton, The Homestead Normanton-on-Soar Loughborough.

Jan ‘40 - Mastiffs for sale, cheap to good  homes. - San Reno Kennels 11 Lyndhurst grove Chaddeston nr Derby. Jan ’40 - Mastiff Dog, 12 months. - Farrell’s Coonerage Nawtborne Road Bootle. Feb ’40 – Found fawn Mastiff dog, Small Heath, on 11 January. -Write, Box LD61. July ‘40 - Canine collector Judy, a fine Mastiff, has already filled one box for Captain Jack’ Sportsmens Effort of the North-Eastern Gazette War Fund. She is silently appealing to customers the Erimus Hotel Middlesbrough, which is her home. Feb ’40 - Frank Furlong, while her husband is on active service, is living in Berkshire with her daughter and her dog, an Old English Mastiff called Owen Griselda is a little over a year old. Feb ‘ 40 – English Mastiff pup, parents reg. -  P Britner 5 Street Canal Bank Ancoats Manchester. Feb ’40 -Thoroughbred Mastiff dog for sale, cheap. Write CG229 Evening Post Doncaster. March ’40 – A Mastiff requires 20 to 28 ounces of carbohydrate, five to six ounces protein. March ’40 - English Mastiff dog for sale, country home preferred. Good guard.—Plowright Harrowby Mulroy-road Sutton Coldfield - Warwicks. Dec ’40 - An appearance during the evening at the invitation of the hostess, but the real ‘lion’ of the party was an enormous black Mastiff dog which wandered in and out among the dancers and collected a good deal of admiration.

March ’40 – Ascelin of Deleval, a Mastiff owned by Mr Mark Young senr of The Towers Bedford Road Sandy, has died. The dog, which was born on Sept 21 ‘31. April ‘40 - Good Home required for Pedigree Mastiff bitch, two years, house trained, very gentle, no vices.—Write D 966. Western Gazette. Yeovil. May ’40 – Mastiff dog excellent pedigree. - Booths Farm Road Birmingham. Dec ’40 - Pedigree Mastiff, two years old; shown once, won several classes; good house-guard, fond children.—Write Box 599, M D T - Coventry. June ’40 - me to adopt a fellow who later on will make demands upon me to which I cannot respond. Then we shall both be disappointed. Mastiffs appeal to me. Big, handsome creatures that look grand when we go walking together, but it would be foolish to have one. Aug ’40 - The well-known Mastiff belonging Alderman C A Hayes has been purchased through the Bristol Dogs' Home by the colonel of a Welsh regiment for mascot. Oct ‘40 – In Elizabethan times the nave was often used for secular as well as religious purposes, and dogs followed their masters there. Mastiffs were sometimes let loose in the church to guard the treasures, and chancel rails may owe then origin (we are told) to the presence of dogs in churches, and were erected to prevent the dogs from entering the sanctuary.

An onslaught on the German armada. Then came our Spitfires and they were in and out of the German group like Terriers after Mastiffs. Two of them especially were do a series of figure 'eights’. Oct ’40 - The latest parade of 300 of the Liverpool Home Guard was led by Eta, a magnificent Mastiff quite three feet tall, the official mascot of a company attached to one of the city’s most important battalions. Nov ‘40 – For sale Mastiff winners, cheap; good homes essential. - B Lanlivery, Bodmin. Dec ’40 - After Plinlimmon' date, one of which was Mrs Horsfall' Great Dane ch Redgrave Hannibal, and another was a brindle Mastiff named Peter Piper. No doubt Mr and Mrs Frank Coward of Worksop had an idea of the treasure that was in their possession when they sold their smooth Fox Terrier ch Nornay Saddler b ‘36.

April ‘41 - Mr J Burdekin of Ossett brought his majestic English Mastiff bitch Bess with a pedigree ‘long your arm’. Note – newspaper dd Feb ’36 mentions – ‘Pedigree adult Mastiff bitch for sale. 40s - J Burdekin Flushdyke Ossett. - April 4, 1942 – Mastiff Bill was the star attraction at mess dance recently held at a tighter Command station in South-East Scotland. The Mastiff is the pet of naval liaison attached to the station. August 1, 1941 –Maisie, a pony, and Mickey, a Mastiff, assisted the collectors at the SSPCA flag day at Arbroath. Oct ‘41 - Amazement! From the still and artless beauties of a country scene where the sound of the parish bell, the bark of the faithful Mastiff, the O! O! O! of the beautiful ruff'd neck bird of the night, can all be heard for miles without any interruption of melody. October 27, 1941 – Roman Mastiff fine animal 2 years - 93 Highgate Sparkbrook. Nov ‘41 - Mastiff dog puppies champion dam. Horse Meat for sale. Rabbits Does from 12s. 6d. —Mrs F Woolley 237 Walsall Road. Perry Barr Birmingham.

June ‘42 – Wanted services of Mastiff at stud. - Mr Arthur G Martin, confectioner bakehouse 93 Anfield Toad Liverpool. Aug ’42 - Lads were in the thick of the fighting. One night they brought down six raiders inside minutes. The station' mascot is the Mastiff sitting in front of the trophy. He carries the unofficial rank of Pilot Officer. Aug ‘42 - The Mastiff that is the mascot of the Night Fighter Squadron, and the souvenir of that squadrons achievement in destroying fourteen German planes. June ‘42 –  For sale, pedigree Mastiff dog, 15 months old. - J A Wells Harby Newark. April ‘42 - Terry is the Mastiff which belongs Rev Leonard J A Bell of Laurieknowe, familiar figure in the streets of Maxwelltown - see at left - . We learn now Terry has joined up. June ’42 - laboratory diagnosis where necessary, free abortion vaccines and expensive drug, a cheap rate, for treating certain of Mastiffs. For full details, apply to Ministry of Apiculture, Fernlea Hotel St Annes-on-Sea. May ’42 - Trait Leads Dog Into Frequent Scrapes ‘Mastiff for sale. Will eat anything. Very fond children,’ one of the classic advertisements that might have been written differently. July ‘42 –At Canteen Nottingham, Bar-Lock Works’ oldest employee Mr Henry Montgomery, received presentation on the occasion of his diamond wedding. Sir Ernest Jardine' constant companion, the Mastiff Winston, - yes the other name is Churchill -, came near to bowling over Mrs Montgomery.  Note - Sir Ernest Jardine - see at right - ’59-47 of Nottingham took over father' lace machinery business. He had four factories in Nottingham and others in Draycott and Newark, employing some 2,500-3,000 workers in 1907. Another of his factories in Shepton Mallet, Somerset, provides the reason for his adoption as a parliamentary candidate in that county. His company exported lace-making machinery to the United States, France and Germany. In 1924, he became the owner of the Bar-Lock Typewriter Company and was chairman of the Trent Navigation Company. - Aug ‘42 - The sergeants’ mess has the liveliness of its Army counterpart. The squadron mascot is a fine-looking Mastiff called Bruce. Sept ‘42 – Pedro, the Mastiff mascot of a Merseyside mixed Ack-Ack battery, accompanies the girls on guard duty.

Jan ‘43 – Wanted large dog, preferably Old English Mastiff. - Mr Southcombe Parker - Netstakes Calstock Road Gunnislake Cornwall. June ’43 - Services wanted of pedigree English Mastiff dog. - Mr J Burdekin of Flushdyke Basket Works Ossett. Oct ’43 - Bruce, the English Mastiff belonging to Police Patrol Officer J C Phelps has followed up his recent efforts for the Royal Infirmary and the RSP.

Feb ‘44 - Exactly upon what kind of companion is needed and the environment that can be given. However passionately you may admire a mastiff, it is not a good idea to have one unless the conditions are suitable. A big dog in small quarters is a pitiful sight. July ‘44 – Mastiff in a tenement. Mr Robert Mac Donald, electrical engineer of Logie Street Lochee, pleaded guilty through agent at Dundee Police Court to having kept a ferocious dog which bit two people. It was stated that the dog—a Mastiff—had bitten a woman. Aug ‘44 – Mastiff dog 2 yrs, good guard, used to young children, thoroughbred pedigree: nearest £lO. —J 705. E. News New Hampshire. Sept ‘45 – Mastiff. 24 Clifton Road East Liverpool.

Feb ‘47 – The Mastiff breed in eclipse. Here are now only seven specimens o' the Mastiff alive in this country. This is a sad fact, and one which has caused dismay among many doglovers. There is no grander dog than the Old English Mastiff, impressively massive. March ’47 - Mastiff at stud, pedigree. - 11 Vesper Road Leeds. April ‘47 - Letters came to me from all over the world asking where Mastiffs could be obtained. gentleman in Singapore wants four, or, alternately Bull Mastiffs. One in Malta who had read the article, admitted that he was ‘crazy on horses’. Dec ’47 - Arms for the Mastiff in England. The English Mastiff is almost extinct, eight only of the species being at present alive in this country. In honour of the breed used in the Middle Ages for hull- and bear-baiting, Sheriffs has blazoned a Coat of Arms.

Jan ’48 – Death of Mr Mark Young b ‘71, market gardener of The Towers Bedford Road Sandy. April ‘48 - Mastiff, Old English, no male of breed in country. Mastiff Club anxious contact owner with dog available for service. —Bowles Ulverscroft Leicestershire. June ‘48 – Wanted for service only, Old English Mastiff dog, owing to scarcity of breed will any owner please communicate with Bowles. Lodge, Markfield. Leics. June 18, 1948 - The raids, bombing and all sorts of unpleasant things, made that many breeders sold most of their stock to America. The progeny of some of the Mastiffs that went there would be back here to-day, the breed being sadly depleted. What surprised us was the prices made by. Nov ‘48 - Disappearing Dogs. If any besides strictly doggy people will be disconcerted by the news that Mastiffs and Bloodhounds, native to this country, are in peril of early extinction. From an apparently authoritative quarter it is known

Jan ‘49 - Magnificent Mastiff, even tempered, very powerful: make guard for business premises. - Kennels Abbots Leigh nr Bristol. March ‘49 – While a British Mastiff, exhibited Mr J Gundry of Bridport Dorset, gained three firsts and a  reserve. Note – The business of Joseph Gundry & Co Ltd Bridport - rope and net makers - was established in 1665. In 1963 the independent firm Joseph Gundry & Co Ltd united with Bridport Industries Ltd to form Bridport-Gundry Ltd. April ‘49 – Mastiff pups. Three pedigree Old English Mastiff puppies arrived at Prestwick airport for OEMC member Mrs Anne Duke née Balmanno-Leishman  - see above at right - , the wife of Mr Archibald Whyte Duke ’93-56, of Bearehill - descent of linen weavers Brechin.   The breed is dying out in Britain. Oct ‘49 - Angus breeder awaits rare Mastiff. Somewhere en route from Victoria British Columbia to Scotland is a five months old English Mastiff destined for Mrs AW Duke of Bearehill Brechin. The animal, Heatherbelle Priscilla' Amelia, was due to reach Prestwick. Oct ‘49 - has spent the last six months in quarantine at Banchory. There is already a Mastiff at Bearehill, the veteran Raymond of Goring (until six months ago he was the only Mastiff in Scotland). He came as a pet for Mrs Duke' younger son David A B Duke. Below at left – Arguably his brother Goring Robert b June ’35 bred/owned by Mrs Dickin out of Menai Anglesea’ dau Janice sired by ch Uther Penarvon. Nov ‘49 - In our issue of February 5th last we published photographs of the Old English Mastiff, which has become almost extinct in Britain. It will be a great loss if another fine breed - the Bloodhound - is allowed to become extinct.

Re ‘Burdekin' Basket Works at Ossett nr Leeds. Quote – 'Mr Frank Burdekin ’22-07, son of Mr Joe Burdekin - founder of ‘J Burdekin Basket Works Ltd’ at  Ossett, a grimy smoke stained town before the mills and their chimneys disappeared. The firm made industrial skips & baskets for the woollen trade and other sundry items for the domestic market such as pigeon baskets, shopping baskets, wicker furniture & canes. The Burdekin family lived in a large house in Flushdyke near to Nettleton & Porter' works. After fighting with the RAF in WWII, Mr Frank Burdekin was summoned home and handed the reins of his father’ basket-weaving company. His father Joe had decided to retire and told his son to “sink or swim”. Mr Burdekin decided to swim and the business grew from strength to strength. When his father died in '59, his two sons carried on the business and significantly expanded it. He was an advocate of employing disabled workers and he found that some of the most talented weavers were people with hearing impairments. A watershed came in 1950 when Mr Burdekin began importing baskets from Madeira. He realised the future was in importing as his workforce was ageing and no apprentices were joining the company. Overseas contacts were made and the product range continued to expand.' -

Mr Burdekin owned the Diadem/Nydia dau Flushdyke Jill b May ‘50 and mated her to ch Mansatta Vilna’ brother M- Jumbo wich gave ch Withybush Bess - see at right -  b May ‘54 owned by Miss Bell who mated her 1) to the Am import Weyacres Lincoln resulting in Withybush Crispin & Clarissa and 2) to ch Withybush Aethelred which gave ch Withybush Fausta & Froda. - July ’51 - English Mastiff 14-month-old Bitch, KC Reg - Burdekin Flushdyke. January 21, 1953 – Reward for two year-old Mastiff, valued at £50, which was reported missing yesterday by its owner Mr Frank Burdekin of The Burdekin Basket Works Flushdyke near Ossett -. January 1, 1955 - English Mastiff bitch 4 years old, KC reg 15 gns - Burdekin Basket Works Ossett.

May ‘50 -   Fanifold English Mastiffs, Bull Terriers, Persian Cats, prize-winning stock; Boarders. Fanifold Kennels, Calstock. - July ’50 –Dogs for sale wanted. Old English Mastiffs, England' oldest rarest breed. – Day, Lydeard St Lawrence Taunton. – Feb ’51 - country after the last war and some of these were too old for breeding. In 1946. fifteen enthusiasts formed the Old English Mastiff Club, but by the end of 1947, fewer than ten Mastiffs were left. Soon after, two bitches were imported from Canada, the – Feb ’51 - As result of the show the export department of the Kennel Club expects to ship 2,000 dogs overseas. Some winning specimens will sold for much £1,500. The heaviest dog is Mr Fred Scheerboom' Mastiff Rodney of Havengore b Sept '49 – see at left, which weighs 160 lbs and has not stopped growing, would eat up to four pound of meat a day but Mr Scheerboom believes in rationing for dogs. They don’t need much meat, he told a reporter – Feb ’51 - This dog may be mistaken by many to be a Bull Mastiff, but experts will recognise it as the true Old English Mastiff, which is a much larger dog and does not have the short head of the Bull breeds. A noble dog of ancient lineage, found – Oct ’51 – Breeders kept promise. Two years ago there were only seven Old English Mastiffs in this country. To-day there are between 50 and 60. The re-establishment of the breed has been triumph of co-operation between the Old English Mastiff Club and two prominent breeders - Mrs A W Duke and – Nov  ’52 – Pedigree old English Mastiff puppies for sale, four months old. Mrs Trentham, North Stoke Wallingford Oxfords –

Dec ‘52 - Old English Mastiff puppies for sale, fawns and brindles, out of Valerie of Rayne by the Mastiff Club' dog Heatherbelle Sterling Silver. – Mr W H Harvey Blake House (farm) Rayne Braintree Essex, Salyng kennels a/o ch Aethelwulf & Aithne.    Ed dd ’86 - Blake House Farm is approximately   600 acres. It is an arable farm, growing mainly wheat, peas and rape.  Four people work on the farm, Mr Harvey, his brother and two others. They have six tractors of different sizes, trailers, sprayers and one combine harvester. They have a drier to dry the grain and some large barns where it is stored until it is sold. At Blake Farm they also grow crops for seed which they sell to King' Seeds of Coggeshall. They have a contract with an agricultural chemical firm - they test out new sprays on their crops. This helps them to keep up with new technology. This year they are growing a new crop called Durum wheat which is used for spaghetti.The crops are sown in the autumn and harvested in August. During harvest the men work very long hours. - Jan '53 – For sale excellent Mastiff puppies. Beautiful specimens. Guards and companions. Apply: Mayne Calstock Cornwall. – Jan ‘53 - bought her own rations and did not live one of the family. English Mastiff back after freedom dash. Back on guard today at the Flushdyke Basket Works Ossett, was Jill, a 2 years old English Mastiff, who returned during the night after 24 hours freedom to which - March ‘54 - Also two Old English puppies (ed – a/o Guinevere). Ready early April. Sparry Kennels Tolcarne Redruth Cornwall. – Feb ‘55 – Mastiffs. Ch Fanifold Unity KC challenge certificate for best bitch. Mr H Burgin Edgemount kennels Bradfield near Sheffield. - March ‘55 - Two Old English Mastiff puppies for sale from prize winning strain, out of Valerie of Rayne by Benedict of Mansatta. In a previous litter she produced this year' best of breed at Cruft's. Good guards. - Harvey Blake House Rayne Essex. - May ‘55 - Mastiff bitch, 20 months, to be given to good home, preferably a farm: pedigree will be given. Ed – sis to ch Moonsfield Baron. Mrs Edna May Harrild (née Hopkins) Moonsfield 19a Broad Oak Brenchley Tonbridge. – Sept ’55 - Mastiff puppies for sale, cats and dogs boarded - Mrs Aberdeen Sparry Kennels Blackshawhead Hebden Bridge – June ’56 - Congratulatory handshake from Angela Wild of Quinton for Withybush Aethelred, a Mastiff which travelled 250 miles from Cranleigh last night and entering Blackpool Dog Show to-day. Withybush has appeared – Feb ’57 – Mastiff puppies for sale, lovely fawns, excellent pedigree. Mrs Mary Hector, 39 Roundwood Park Harpenden Herts.

April ’60 – Mrs Sarah Lloyd Jones – ed née Alston ’14-92 - and her Ryderswells Jersey Herd. Ryderswells Dreaming Baronet, an eight-year-old bull who has a number of daughters in the herd, and the champion Old English Mastiff Baron of Moonsfield – see 3rd row below at left & centre together with ch Withybush Bess at Birmingham ’57 judged by Mrs Scheerboom -, share the same loose-box and yard. Baron has an escape route but they have never been known to  – Oct ’56 – award for the cow gaining the greatest number of points, taking account of milk and fat production in three successive lactations, was won by the Jersey Polperro, born February 1947, by Browny' Designer out of Newquay, bred by Mr Ph Le Mottee and shown by Mr and Mrs John Lloyd-Jones, Ryderswells House – see at left - Ringmer near Lewes Sussex. The Buckhurst Cup is presented to Mrs Lloyd-Jones by Mr W F Jessop, Chief Steward. In 1957-58 the Ryderswells herd was the leading small herd of Jerseys in England. It has twice headed the women in farming Lephams Bridge – see at right -  at Buxted, Sussex, the attractive home of Mr. and Mrs Lloyd- Jones.  - Aug ‘ 57 – Mrs J Lloyd-Jones, of Ryders Wells near Lewes, moves her famous Jersey herd to a larger farm - ed – Lephams Bridge 10 mls N - see at right -. She hopes to complete the move by October 16th. – Silverware  valued at over … to Mr and Mrs John Lloyd-Jones who have lived at Ryders Wells House for some years.Mrs Lloyd-Jones is a very keen and successful dairy farmer in partnership with her friend Mrs P Greenwell. Together they run the farm, and Mr Lloyd-Jones is in shipping in London.   Aug ‘ 57 – Mrs J Lloyd-Jones, of Ryders Wells near Lewes, moves her famous Jersey herd to a larger farm - ed – Lephams Bridge 10 mls N - see  at right -. She hopes to complete the move by October 16th. – Silverware  valued at over … to Mr and Mrs John Lloyd-Jones who have lived at Ryders Wells House for some years. Mrs Lloyd-Jones is a very keen and successful dairy farmer in partnership with her friend Mrs P Greenwell. Together they run the farm, and Mr Lloyd-Jones is in shipping in London.' -

At left –Field house Huish Champflower – centre -Mrs Sarah Lloyd-Jones ’14-92 at the OEMC Centenary 1983 Pyleigh Court farm Lydeard St Lawrence; MM – lying down – got the reserve cc and Mrs Catherine S Sutton wrote – ‘The sire of the winning dog - ch Bredwardine Blunder - and obviously a great stud force as he also won the progeny class. A very good honest Mastiff with loveley head and expression. Well off for bone and substance. Not overdone in any department and moved steadily and well. He just lost to his grandson – Bulliff Ranger – on the younger dog’ immaculate condition & presentation.’–   At right - Jersey cow Nancy Lee calved April 1876 & bred by John Le Mottee, Island of Jersey. Imported Sept ‘78 by Mr Edward Philip Parsons Fowler of Southampton; solid color, blackswitch; got by Claimant, dam Nonpareil. This cow has a milk record of 2,816 quarts in nine months as a two-year-old, and tested by Mr Easthope, her yield, as verified by affidavit, was for thirty-one consecutive days 1,430 lbs. 3 oz., from which 95 lbs. 3 oz. Of unsalted butter was made. Her highest daily yield during this testwas 53 lbs. 8 oz., from which 4 lbs. 2x/2 oz. of unsalted butter wasmade; and in seven consecutive days of this period she gave 360lbs. 12 oz. of milk, which made 26 lbs. 8 oz. of unsalted butter.Her food during this test was two quarts of corn-meal and threequarts of bran twice daily. Sketched from life by Burk.  – The Jersey cow Polperro* owned by Mr/Mrs Lloyd Jones was arguably belonging to Mr John de Mottee’ strain and bred by his descent Mr Ph(ilip) de Mottee.

About end ’68 the Lloyd-Jones couple & Mrs Greenwell moved two-hundred miles West from Lephams Bridge farm Buxted  to Combe End -   below at right -  Huish Champflower Somerset, only seven miles from the Hollesley breeders, the Day family who ran Pyleigh farm at Lydeard St Lawrence including their famous pedigree attested Jersey herd and their quality broods ch Hollesley Macushla and her maternal half sis Leonora, the latter dam to ch H- Cleopatra. The Crufts ‘78 catalogue mentions the entry in Limit Class of Devils Advocate of Hollesley owned by Mesdames Lloyd-Jones Combe End Huish Champflower. Around the time they purchased their Medicine Man - see below at left Three Counties June '83 -  b Jan '78, a last move was made, yet within Huish Champflower village and the Crufts ’81 catalogue mentions their new adress as ‘Field house'  - see above  at left - off Tanners Hill.

Ed - Mrs Phyllis Joyce Wetherall Greenwell née Pepper ’15-07 was born in India. When Mrs G, as many of us knew her, came to this country before the 2nd world war, she worked for Mrs Judy de Casembroot of Treetops Cocker Spaniels. It is believed that Mrs G’ brothers and sisters were killed in the London blitz. There’s a source which mentions a crashlanding of a Blenheim L9416 patrol aircraft on May 12 ‘40 near the village of Hoepertingen in Belgium, the crew being  Wing Commander Neville Ernest Wetherell Pepper & Sergeant Thomas Eric Hyde;  W/Cdr Pepper was killed in September 1941 when his Blenheim was caught in a bomb blast carrying out an ultra low anti ammunition shipping strike, being in command of 226 Sqd.   With the outbreak of war, Mrs G joined the ATS and was a sergeant in Transport. It was here that she came acquainted with Mrs Lloyd-Jones who was an officer. Miss Phyllis JW Pepper married in ’48 at Westminster Mr Basil Evelyn Greenwell ’15-90 but divorced rather soon.

At right Crufts ’68 – at left ch Havengore Hotspot’ dau ch Kisumu Fatima b Sept ’60 – at right Weatherhill Bellringer’ dau Rhosnessey Masquerade b July ’64. Fatima produced three ch’s by Copenore Jason and one by Havengore Adam’ son Beaucaris Marcus. Masquerade produced Oxhaege Ingeborg who, mated to Balint’ son Frideswide Oliver, produced ch Canonbury Autobiography’ sire Oxhaege Thorkel. Mastiffs at Crufts ’68 were judged by Mr Bill Siggers of Ouborough Great Dane kennels who awarded the cc to Mrs P Turner’ Frideswide Rupert by Balint and to his dam Taddington Emma owned by Craigavon breeder Mr Richard Cogan; reserves for Fatima’ son ch Kisumu Balthasar & Cornhaye Whitsun Bee. Note - ch Moonsfield Baron great-grandsired Oxhaege Thorkel' sire Buckhall Baron Wolsey & his brother ch B- Baron Spencer, the latter known as the sire of ch's Hollesley Macushla' Dagda & Sheba.

Mesdames Lloyd-Jones & Greenwell owned seven breed champions – 1) Moonsfield Baron b ’54 bred by Mrs Edna May Harrild out of a Nydia/Diadem brood sired by ch Mansatta Vilna’ brother M- Benedict - 2) Weatherhill Thor b ’62 bred by Dr Rhoda Alison – 3) Thor’ son Buckhall Spencer b ’66 out of Baron’ grand-daughter Rillamil Cassandra bred by Dr WR Dyke* 4) Spencer’ daughter Hollesley Sheba (dam of three ch’s ) b ‘69 – 5) Sheba’ brindle son Hollesley Devils Advocate b ’75 - brother of Dare Devil – 6) Hollesley Medicine Man b ’78 out of Advocate’ sis Devil Dancer by Spencer’ grandson ch Copenore Rab – 7) MM’ son Falmorehall Frobisher b ’85. Baron sired a Parcwood litter b ’58 out of ch Parcwood Olwen and a Hollesley litter b ’61 out of Havengore Dawn resulting in H- Larena which produced Rillamil Cassandra by Jason’ son Saxondale Beric; Spencer sired two Hollesley litters, producing a/o Rab’ son Dagda; Devils Advocate sired a Bulliff liter, ie out of B- Giselt, a/o Cyning Aelle 2 cc’s and finally MM, ten litters resulting in twelve champions, a/o F- Frobisher. Note –Dr Walter Robert Dyke ’16-04 of Rilla Mill village closeby Upton Cross Liskeard Cornwall owned Baron' daughter Hollesley Larena and mated her to Jason' son Saxondale Beric - out of S Boadicea bred by Mr Peggy Mary A Braybrooke b ’14-01 out of Zimapan Krashina sired by   Havengore Adam - which resulted in a/o 

1) Rillamil Cassandra  purchased by  Mr/Mrs  Taylor of 'Saxondale' Lostwithiel Cornwall – 15 mls SW - who bred their 1st KCSB Saxondale litter  July ’31 out of Premier' dau Hellingly Hilda sired by ch Arolite resulting in US export Brutus. For some reason the Taylors sold Cassandra to   Buckhall breeder Major Reardon. Their most important breeding was Cleopatra who, mated to Jason, produced ch Copenore Friar.

2) Rillamil Charmian purchased by Avonwaters breeder Mr Leonard Arthur Thompson '17-00 of Liskeard Cornwall who mated her to ch Kisumu Bardolph resulting in A- Alexas, paternal great-grandsire of Aicama Zorba of la Susa. 

Dr W R Dyke was the son of Victor R Dyke, dentist of Coulsdon Surrey. He received his medical training at Guy’ Hospital, and went into general practice at Liskeard Cornwall. During the Second World War he served as a Squadron Leader (Anaesthesia) at the RAF Hospital Moncton. In ’50 he bred a Bull-Terrier litter out of Fanifold Anastasia sired by Abraxas Allan. Dr W R Dyke was an avid fancier of old-timer cars and bought a/o at a Sotheby' auction in Nov ’87 a 1902 Steamobile 8HP dos-a-dos - see at right, formerly owned by Dr John Dyke of Cornwall.

About Mrs Sarah Lloyd-Jones née Alston. Her father Rowland Alison Alston was born May ’88 at 10 Wilton Crescent Belgrave Square as the only son of Rowland Crewe Alston b ’52-33 of Odell Castle. Her father Rowland Alison Alston, educated Eton, MBE awarded 1 Jan 1919 , served as Captain Northants Regiment in the War 1914-19. He married in ’10 Miss Dorothy Mildred Pym, daughter  of Mr Charles Guy Pym - Caesars Camp Sandy Beds, 35 Crawley Gardens SW & Harrold Hall Beds. Mr Charles Guy Pym was born in Willian Herts, the younger son of Rev William Pym and Sophie Gambier. He was educated at Rossall School. He was Member of Parliament for Bedford from 1895 to 1906.

In ’34 Messrs Robinson & Hall, chartered survey' and land agents, of Bedford, have been instructed to offer by auction the whole of Odell Castle and Harrold Hall estates, comprising about 2250 acres and including the historical Castle and Harrold Hall, belonging to Captain Rowland Alison Alston. The Odell Castle estate comprises practically the whole of the village of Odell, and the Post Office, Odell Mill with mill rights, 7 farms, cottages, reading room, building sites, and over 400 acres of woodland will come under the auctioneer's hammer. The Harrold Hall estate includes a big part of the village of Harrold. The sale will also include the advowson of the Rectory of Odell and the manors of Odell, Steventon, Pavenham and Charlton. Odell Castle, which has been in the possession of the Alston family for over 300 years, is one of the historical mansions of Bedfordshire. It dates back several centuries. In 1931 the Castle, a large and partially embattled mansion, was partly destroyed by fire, but a certain amount of renovation has been done. Harrold Hall, too, is also pleasantly situated and has many interesting associations. Captain R A Alston succeeded to the estates on the death of his father, Mr Rowland Crew Alston, in January last year. -  Bedfordshire Times and Independent 11 May 1934. Rowland sold Odell Castle to Lord Luke of Pakenham in 1934.

Miss Sarah Alston ’14-92 married 15 Oct 1932 in parish St Mark North Audley Street London Mr Arthur John Edmond Pakenham ’07-96, son of Captain Hewitt John Havelock Pakenham and Claire May Berdoe-Wilkinson Westfield Weybridge. Mr Arthur JE Pakenham usually went by his middle name of John. He fought in the Second World War and gained the rank of Major in the 5th Battalion Queen' Royal Regiment Territorial Army. He was awarded the Territorial Decoration. They divorced in 1949 and she married in ’49 Mr John Lloyd Jones and he married, secondly, Heidi Wegmann, daughter of Emil Wegmann, in ‘52. At left – On the terrace at Odell c ’21 – standing from l to r – Rosamund Alston, Catherine Alston – the Squire’ 2nd wife, Muriel – Rosamund’ mom, Dorothy née Pym – wife of Rollo, and Aunt Tim; seated Temperance Alston, Sarah Alston, daughter of Rollo, her grandfather Rowland – known as the Old Squire, Crewe and Lynette, another daughter of Rollo - at right - Odell Castle. 

Aug ’72 - Sir Thomas George Fermor Hesketh 5th Baronet of Rufford Hall, MP for Preston, died this morning at 47 years of age. He had been unwell for about three weeks, suffering from liver complaint. He was succeeded by his eldest son Sir Thomas Henry Fermor Hesketh b ’47 who died May ’76 at Fermor Lodge Southport caused by effusion on the brain. His younger brother Sir Thomas George Fermor Hesketh  – see at left - entered the first Kennel Club Stud Book of 1874 with his ownbred Nero 2318, b ‘71 out of Lady sired by Nero I, a dog purchased from Mr Thomas Seedle of Cross Street Blackburn - twenty mls from Rufford Hall.  His chief performances were at Manchester Belle Vue 2nd prize puppy class ’71 beaten by J Leigh Becker’ ch Ben, Northampton ’71, Birmingham 2nd prize ’71 beaten by Mr  Chas Bathurst’ Peveril and 2nd prize Birmingham ’72 beaten by Mr H S Wallace’ ch Turk. In ’77 Sir Hesketh bred a litter out of Flora sired by ch Rajah resulting in Miss Hesketh’ Nero & Raunee - formerly owned by Dr GA Woods of Carlton House Southport; their dam Flora was by Nero out of Flo; Nero by Captain George Hesketh’ Nero out of a bitch at Rufford Hall Omskirk; Flo by Charlie out of ch Turk’ sis Hilda II. - Sir Thomas George Fermor Hesketh ’49-24 married Dec 1880 at Ralston Hall Belmont San Mateo, Miss Florence Emily Sharon, b ‘58 San Francisco, daughter of William Tang Sharon, Senator for Nevada ‘75-81 and California' wealthiest man of the day, who had made his fortune in mining stocks and real estate.   She reversed the fortunes of the Fermor Hesketh family with her $2 million dowry - converted ca £400.000.

His younger sis Miss Constance Maria Hesketh b ‘54, of 27 Leyland road Southport Merseyside, from ’80 on of Mayfield – see at right - Tarporley Bunbury, She owned Raunee and her brother Nero who got in ’80 1st prize at Birmingham & 2nd at Crystal Palace; in ’81 1st champion class at Birmingham – quote ‘members of the Mastiff Club. A splendid collection of animals were kennelled. Nero, a Mastiff, the property of Miss Hesketh of Mayfield Bunbury, which took the first prize, was a long way ahead of any other dog of its class shown’, 2nds at Alexandra Palace & Crystal Palace - 'In Open class twenty two entries - Miss Hesketh' Nero, a dog well-known to the public, took second; he has a fine head and great bone'. In ’80 she also purchased prize winner Maggie b ’75 & bred by Mr J Elwell out of Hilda III sired by ch King’ son ch Taurus. Miss Hesketh bred three KCSB litters, 1) b ’80 out of Phyllis II sired by Raunee’ brother Trajan which gave Caesar I,  2) b ‘May ’81 out of Raunee sired by Mr MB Wynne’ Young King resulting in Royal owned by Mrs Nickson of Llan-y-cefn Wales, 3) b May ’83 out of Young King’ daughter Hilda V sired by Little Nero producing Hildebert. NB – Phyllis II b ’78 & bred by Mr James Morris – out of ch Wolsey’ dau Vaga sired by ch Turk’ son Turk II.

Miss Hesketh was summoned by P.O. Latham for keeping five dogs without licences. The defendant did not appear. Fined 10s and costs. – Aug ‘86 - Aristocratic Spendthrift. The debtor, Miss Constance Marie Hesketh, said she went to reside at Mayfield about six years ago. She had about that time £10,000 from the Rufford estate, and about £2000 from other sources. She received the last instalment about three years ago. She had spent all the money. She commenced to borrow money about three years ago. The public examination in bankruptcy of Miss Hesketh which took place at the Crewe Bankruptcy Court excited extraordinary interest. The creditors would accept 2s 6d in the pound. He might easy that the offer of 5a was made on condition that Miss Hesketh would leave Mayfield. In reply to questions, Mr Brandon said he would now allow the debtor £5 a week from her brother Sir Thomas G Fermor Hesketh. -

Some less known Mastiffs & their owners in the early days of the Kennel Club est ’73. ° Norah b’72 out of Grace sired by ch Turk’ Grand Sultan owned by William Henry Marshall of Tenter House North road Durham, attorneys and solicitors, carrying business at 28 Market place  - see at left - Durham, as ‘William Marshall & Son’. ° Countess b ’72 - out of Duchess sired by Bamford’ Samson - was owned by Rev Edward Augustus Bracken Pitman born ’44 at Florence Italy –‘29, vicar of Old Malton Yorks. The Crown has presented the valuable living - worth year £650 - of Stonegrave near Malton, to the Rev Edward Augustus Pitman, vicar of Old Malton, which was recently declined by Richard Blunt, the Suffragan Bishop of Hull. ° Bevis b ’74 – bred by Mr J D Wilde out of Empress by Lion – was owned in ‘78 by Mr Percy Evershed b ’59-09 of Norfolk Lodge Burton on Trent, eldest son of the late Mr Sydney Evershed – see centre - b ’25 who married Miss Fanny Whitehead at Marylebone in 1856. By 1860 they had moved to Burton-on-Trent and became a brewer. He lived at Stapenhill, where he built Albury House, named after his birthplace in Surrey. Their sons Sydney, Wallis, Frank & Edward all played cricket for Derbyshire. Brewers were prominent in parliament with Bass, Ratcliff, Gretton and Evershed -  from ‘86 to ‘00 - representing Burton. Many brewers were ennobled - for example Allsopp, Bass, and Gretton, creating a subgroup of the Peerage, nicknamed the Beerage. Their father died at Marylebone in 1903 and six years later his brewery merged with Marston and Thompson to become ‘Marston, Thompson & Evershed’- see at right. °Judy b ’74 & bred by Mr J Hudson out of Bathurst Juno sired by ch Rajah was owned by Mr Wm Aston, butcher of 82 Owen street Tipton, who mated her to Mr Naylor’ Ben resulting in Juno II – 2nd at Birmingham ’80 owned by his neighbour Mr J Hay Owen street Tipton. ° Lion b ’74 & bred by Mr Edwin Nichols - out of Cautley Quaker’ grand-daughter Casy sired by ch Wolsey’ brother Prince - was owned by Mr John Francis Bretherton, solicitor of Bewsey Cottage Folly lane Warrington, eldest son of the late Peter Bretherton of Clarendon Place Edgbaston. ° Vulcan b ‘74 & bred by Mr J Lampitt out of Barry’ dau Bess sired by ch Rajah and ° Mischief II b ’79 by Mr MB Wynne’ Young King were owned by Mr William Lawrence Ball, common brewer & maltster of Little Thorne house Woodville nr Burton on Trent – firm partner George Bagnall.

° Mentor b ’75 own bred out of ch Turk’ Nell sired by ch Rajah - Mr William Austin, barrister of Ellern Mede Totteridge Herts and director of the Rhymney Railway Co, who bred Norma b ’75 out of ch Turk’ dau Kelly sired by ch Rajah. He also fancied Jersey cattle and had two handsome Jersey Bulls at stud, Victor and Colonel. ° Nelson b ’75 & bred by Mrs Whittaker out of Bruce’ daughter Friend sired by Mr John Hartley’ British Lion – owned by Mr Henry Hawkins, of Springfield Preston, who also owned a fine-stepping bay ’Bobby’. ° Mona  II b ’75 & bred by Mr AH Bowles out of Brenda – bred by Mr AB Ashford – sired by Lord Kenmure’ Lion was owned by Captain Horace George Willis ’40-11, of The Glenfall Charlton Kings, Cheltenham magistrate.

  ° Lion b ’76 & bred by Mr Fred Aspinall out of Victor’ dau Juliet sired by ch Punch was owned by Mr Henry Charles Staples, live-stock farmer of Swanley – Great Western Railway share holder ’13.  ° Lady Love b ‘77 – out of  La Norma sired by ch The Shah – bred by Mr Thomas Frame Fletcher, Corn Exchange Chambers' flour merchant of Leighcroft 4 Spencer Road Grove Park Chiswick. Lady Love,  owned by Mr Joseph Frame Fletcher, was not only good in head and muzzle but also in bone, body, loins, &c. Unfortunately she died aged only 26 months. La Norma b ’73 & bred by Mr Emile Portier b ‘38 of Crayford house Crayford – out of ch Turk’ Nell sired by Mr Green ch Monarch – was transferred to Mr WK Taunton who also purchased her brother the well-known prize winner Modoc owning another Mastiff sired by Mr Green’ ch Monarch – see at left, ie ch Gwendolen. . Mr Portier bred a sis/brother litter, ie Nora ex Marius resulting in the male ‘Mona’ owned by Mr James Thomas of Donald villa 6 Lancaster road Lower Norwood. ° Taurus II  b  Nov ’77 – ‘on Sunday night, large fawn Mastiff dog, has on neck collar with owner' name thereon. Anyone returning him to Wm Henry Sturgess b ‘54, earthenware dealer of Edensor road – see at  left - Longton Stoke on Trent, or Police Stations, will suitably rewarded’ - dd Sept ’78. Taurus II - bred by Mr JD Wilde out of Lion’ dau Juno sired by Mr Elwell’ ch Taurus – was sold by Mr Sturgess and got a 3rd prize at Leicester ’81, owned by Mr MB Wynne. In ’86 Mr WH Sturgess was recorded as ‘commission agent and furniture dealer’. ° Ben III b ‘78 owned by Mr James Batson, ironmaster of Lawnswood Grove Handsworth. ° Nell III b ’78 & bred by Mr WK Taunton – out of ch Gwendolen sired by ch Cardinal – 2nd at Manningtree ’80  owned by Mr William Alfred Jeffries b ’62 of Woodbridge Suffolk. – ‘an equal prize was awarded in the foreign class to Lupus an Australian Dingo, belonging to Mr W A Jeffries of Woodbridge. It may be added that this dog has won silver medals at both the Alexandria and Crystal Palace Shows.’ ° Ruth II b ’79 & bred by Mr FD Graham – out of ch Wolsey’ bro Prince’ day Queen sired by Big Ben’ son Wallace - was owned by Mr William Jones, auctioneer of Neston. ° The Monarch b ’79 & bred by Mr G Aylmer out of Empress sired by Mr Green ch Monarch’ son Marquis was owned by Mr George Gordon Hoskins, architect of Thornbeck Hill Darlington. He designed Middlesbrough’ new Town Hall.° Cleopatra II b ’80, the only KCSB reg Mastiff sired by Mr Hanbury’ ch Pontiff – see at right, was owned by Mr Daniel Rutter Pitt ’45-27, cheese monger and provisions merchant of 93 Dyer Street Cirencester Cotswolds. His brother-in-law, Mr Richard Gopsill Brown ’30-03 of Elmhurst Tuffley Gloucester, was the last survivor of the sack contractors firm ‘Gopsill Brown & Sons’ – see at right - based at The Lock warehouse on Gloucester docks; he left a net personalty of £21.103.

° Lothair b ’81 out of Brenda sired by Turk was owned by Mr Ralph Boyd Vaughan Magenis, of Hawthorn Lodge West Derby. ° Sultan III b ’81 & bred by Mr Haslet out of Nell sired by ch The Shah’ son Sultan was owned by Mr John Bendle Snell ’32-94, in ’55 commercial traveller, in ’83 residing at Millfield House – see centre - Tanners End Edmonton Middlesex. ° Welsh Lion b ’81 & bred by Mr Richard Morgan out of Bess sired by his stud Wallace was owned by Mr Charles Watkin Roberts of Uxbridge Place Carnarvon. ° Bismarck b ’82 & bred by Rev WJ Mellor out of The Boss’ dau  Lady sired by ch Crown Prince was owned by Mr John Shaw,  industrialist of Earles Field Works – see at left - Grantham.   ° Captain III b ’82 & bred by Lieut-Col HT Hillyard out of Empress sired by ch Rajah was owned by Mr James Stainer ’30-11, butcher of 17 Canal walk Southampton next door to the Somerset Arms Inn.

° Lady Diana b ’83 & bred by Mr J Hutchings out of Digit sired by Sir Anthony was owned by Major George R Ashley ’59-15 of Llanrwst N Wales. ° Coronet b ’83 – out of Lambton Nancy sired by ch Crown Prince – was bred/owned by Mr Arthur Green Lambton Street Sunderland, head the firm ‘Messrs Chas Green and Sons’ - licensed victuallers and wine and spirit merchants. Lambton Nancy was bred by Mr William Aston, butcher of Tipton - out of ch Rajah’ dau Judy sired by ch Colonel’ sire Mr Naylor’ Ben. Mr Arthur Green Vin mated his Coronet to ch Beaufort or Beau Lincoln which gave Vrin b ’87 – Price £25 at Manchester ’90. ° May Queen b ’84 & bred by Dr  Oliver Thomas Slatter of Ryde House Caldicott Chepstow - out of ch Colonel’ grand-daughter Idalia sired by ch Crown Prince - was owned by Miss J(ane-t or Jean) Rogers b ?61 of Birch Hall Birch Vale closeby Hayfield – six mls from Lyme Hall. Note - Birch Hall was the long-standing family seat of the Waterhouse family.  Samuel Waterhouse, Esq lived there in the 1840/50s. Miss Hannah Waterhouse, arguably his sis, married in ’51 Mr Simeon Rogers at Hayfield. So, Miss J Rogers may have been their daughter. Her ‘May Queen’ got 1st prize at Manchester ’86; 2nd Mr H Atherton’ Rosendale Countess by ch Cardinal; 3rd Mr Joseph Evans’ Dora by CP’ brother Prince Charlie. She mated May Queen to Mr Joseph Royle’ The Prince, which gave Mr Royle’ pair Black Knight & Peveril of the Peak b ’87  and two years later she mated May Queen to Whitefoot - Idalia ex ch Hotspur - resulting in Pamela owned by Mr H Stewart of 2 St John street Highgate Stockport. 

May Queen’ sis Etoile was owned by Dr Henry George Bailey Eadon who mated her to ch Beaufort which gave  a/oFitz Beaufort who, mated to ch Prince of Wales’ dau Princess Louise,  produced Dr Eadon’ prize winner Bocassio aka Vice Chancellor b June ’90. In ’92  Vice Chancellor got 1st prizes at Edinburgh & Birmingham owned by Captain JL Piddocke of Ross-on Wye who sold him to John Henry’ Connell, of Melbourne Australia, who imported some years later Mr Dobbelmann’ Jonathan. At right – Birch Vale House, family seat of the Bennett family embedded in 26 acres woodlands & fields. The Bennetts built in ‘41 the Birch Vale Calico Print Works - process of making fast-color designs on cotton fabrics -.

Newcombe Dinah b ’85 & bred by Mr R Cuthbertson, perhaps Mr Robert Wm Cuthbertson ’45 –21 Hartington House Staveley nr Chesterfield - manager of the Ireland Colliery under the Staveley Coal and Iron Co Ltd Ductmanton nr Chesterfield - out of Spider sired by ch Prince of Wales – got a VHC at Bangor Aug ’88 owned by a Dandie Dimmont fancier Mr Alfred Weaver of Leominster.  According to the KCSB ’90, Newcombe Dinah was   purchased by Mr Enoch Edwards of Fairview Bournbrook Birmingham. 

Mr Enoch Edwards b ’40 Birmingham - occupation  ‘button tool maker’ - married in ’67 Miss Emilia Parker,  grand-daughter to Mr John Parker who had a plating business in Summer Row and owned many houses in/around Broad Street Birmingham. The census ’71 mentions Enoch Edwards as a publican of the Globe Inn Clifton road Aston nr Birmingham;  in 1881 he was living at Bournbrook Tavern Northfield nr Birmingham; in ’91 Licensed Victualler at Warwick Birmingham. Afterwards he kept The Pack Horse – see at left - Alcester Road Hollywood nr Birmingham and was listed as a member of ‘The Kingswood & Pack Horse Association for the Prosecution of Offenders’, a kind of early Neighbourhood Watch. The Edwards family later moved to Park road Redditch – 10 mls from Bournbrook - where he kept The Riflewoman and bred a St Bernard litter - newspaper ’96 - ‘Six splendid specimens of prize St Bernards, of the famous Plimlimmon – see centre - strain, were exhibited by Mr Enoch Edwards, late of Bournbrook.’ Dd ‘97 –The famous St Bernard Breeder, Mr E Edwards of Redditch, has this week sent two of his St Bernard puppies to Omaha. He has also sent one of his stud dogs to America for a season. A fancy price was offered, but he did not care to sell. It seems that our Yankee cousins are buying up all the most celebrated dogs.’ - Enoch was described as being an active man and built up a inn-keeping dynasty with many of his children a/o Albert Parker Edwards b ’76-30  – see at right - and grandchildren running pubs including The Queens Head, The Crown, The Star and The Cricketer Arms all in Redditch; the Feathers at Ludlow; the Chateau Impney and the The Royal Exchange both in Droitwich; The Bear Hotel in Evesham; Red Lion at Astwood Bank; The Little Pig Inn at Amblecote; The Fox Inn near Kinver and The Dragoon in Bromsgrove. He reputedly left his family and emigrated to America and and it is believed that he had another family when he settled there, but a possible hit in Kellys Directory ‘03 suggests he did only get as far as The Wheatsheaf Inn Church Street St Neots…

° Ocar Wilde b ’86 & bred by Rev Harper out of Lord Clyde’ dau Rose sired by Prince of Wales – see at right - was owned by Mr Archibald Russell b ’30 aka ‘Old King Coal’, coalmaster of Wishaw House Wishaw who died in ’04 at his other residence, ie Auchinraith House – see at left - nr Blantyre. His father Archibald married Miss Jean Wright of Canada and was a coalmaster & brickmaker. His son owned several coalmines in Lanarkshire. Archibald Russell Ltd owned a ship called ‘Archibald Russell’ – see centre -, a four-masted steel barque built in ’05 at a cost of £20.750. ° Scottish Chief b ’86 & bred by Mr Gilaran out of Duchess unr sired by Dr JH Kirk’ Kaiser II – ch Ilford Baroness ex ch Prince Regent – see at right -– was owned by Thomas William Turner of Ashby Road Burton-on-Trent. ° Esmeralda b ’87 & bred by Mr Joseph Evans our of ch Montgomery’ Miss Jummy sired by ch Victor Hugo – was owned by Mr J Thomas, manufacturer hosiery of 288 High road Kilburn London NW. ° King Jeff b ’87 & bred by Mr Hutchings out of Titus’ dau Diana sired by Beaumaris – was owned by Miss B Chettle, daughter of Rev William Walker Chettle ’27-99 of Bradley Vicarage, Bilston nr Wolverhampton. ° Marmion b ’87 out of Twinings Colonel’ sis Una II sired by Lambton Nancy’ brother Surajah – was bred/owned by Mr FA Sheard, colliery proprietor of Birstall Yorks.° Canute b ’88 out of Young Prince’ dau Lena III sired by ch Orlando’ son Gelert – owned by Mr D(avid) Elias, general draper of 111 Central street London.

° Nobbie b ’89 out of ch Beaufort’ dau Alice III sired by an unnamed dog* was owned by Mr Carl Fincken of Bradpole road Bridport. * The unnamed dog may have been Bellerophon b ’88 out of Pickle’ dau Dido III sired by ch Beaufort owned by Mr Charles H Moline, a sugar broker of Clifton Bristol. - Re ‘Charles’ Fincken  ’66-46,  son of Mr Gerd Fincken ’20-07 of 14 Richmond Terrace Clifton Bristol, sugar refiner of Fincken Bros & Co St Philip's Marsh Bristol,  married at Bradpole in April ’90 Miss Sarah Martha Paul b ‘64, daughter of  John Henry Paul ‘27-84, well-known yeoman farmer of Barrowfield Farm – see centre - Beaminster Dorset. Dd July ’91 - 'Mr Charles Fincken, manager at the Bridport Station for Messrs Bradford & Sons  coal and corn merchants, left the town on Monday, with his wife and child, and was arrested at Hampstead Heath London after  being again charged, on remand, with embezzling and stealing from his employers.’ – A year later the Fincken family resided at Sherborne , and Charles became a corn dealer and seedsman well-known in agricultural circles in the West of England.’ Dd ’40 – ‘Mr and Mrs Charles Fincken,  of Swallowcliffe 44 Marston road Sherborne, celebrated on Wednesday the fiftieth anniversary of their wedding, and were the recipients of many expressions of congratulation from their many friends in the town and neighbourhood. – Dd ’42 – ‘The death took place on Saturday of Mrs Sarah Martha Fincken, aged 78, of Marston road Sherborne. A native of Beaminster. She was a daughter of the late Mr John Henry Paul. ' -

Note – Charles Fincken’ father Gerd aka George born at Hanover married in ’54 at St George London Miss Caroline Susannah Barling b ’36  and was connected with sugar refining in Whitechapel and later Bristol. In ’66 – ‘the suspension has been announced of Messrs Fincken and Co sugar refiners, of St Philip's Marsh Bristol. The liabilities are estimated at £16,000, and a favourable liquidation - probably 10s in the pound - is expected. The  firm was in business about two years. We heard by means of a Joint-Stock Company, the sugar refinery carried on in St Philip's Marsh by Messrs Fincken Brothers & Company. The new company, which comprises about half a score proprietors, have every hope of seeing the factory growing.’ -

° Denfield Dagmar b 86 out of Denfield Vesta sired by Mr Lougest’ Imperial Chancellor – bred & owned by Mr John Bury, of Snowdrift Cake Flour Mills – see at right - 63 Corporation street Manchester. Note - Snowdrift Cake Flour still exists to-day! ° Noras b ’91 out of Nell sired by Rev Van Doorne’ Alfgar – bred & owned by Mr Eugene Carter Tomkins b ‘57, station master of Middleton St George. ° Odovacar b ’90 & bred by Mr JS Cockerton out of Ilford Cato’ dau Portia sired by ch Montgomery’ son Duke Rollo – was owned by Mr Charles Craddock Daniel b ’65 of  Royal Scots Strensall Camp Yorks. ° Angelica b ’92 & bred by  Fred McKrill out of ch Ilford Chancellor’ dau Bella sired by Lord Stafford – was owned by Mr J R Crank, of Rolyat Friars Place East Acton.

° Jack Beaufort b ‘92 & bred by Mr Thomas Henry Wilkinson of Appleton out of Lady Thyr sired by ch Beaufort – was owned by Mr John Edward White b ’58 Weston-super-Mare Somerset, tea dealer manager of the Bungalow Woodside park London, nephew of the late Sheriff William Alpheus Higgs – see at left - ’38-89 Esq of Willenhall park Barnet – son of Mr Wm Higgs of Twerton nr Bath Somerset - who had his chief retail establishment of WA Higgs & Company of Tea, Wine and Spirit Importers at 39 High Street – see centre - Islington, former residence of Mr JE White.  The sign is a classic piece of late Victorian glasswork with a mixture of gilding and painting in the Tuscan lettering style.  In ‘99, they also occupied number 30, on the other side of the street. Mr WA Higgs was an exhibitor of blue shorthorn diary cattle. The Hicks family had in ’81 seven female servants – a governess, nurse, second nurse, minder nurse, parlour maid, cook & housemaid. Mr WA Higgs died suddenly on Monday evening Dec 23th '89 in a fit of apoplexy at the Hotel Victoria 8 Northumberland avenue Westminster– see at right -. His wife Phoebe Elizabeth née Norman b ’45 died only six years later after a few days of illness. In March ’92 Messrs Norman, Stanley & Edwin Higgs together with Mr John Edward White, of 4 Bath Place Kensington - closeby Hyde Park - received a beer & wine licence. The WA Higgs Company had premises at 188 High Street Stoke Newington London from around 1880 to the 1930s, flanked on either side by a tobacconist and a pawnbroker and and at Holloway road. Mr WA Higgs left a personal estate amounting to upwards of £114,000. Mr William Norman Higgs b 67-39 had seven brothers & two sisters, ie Stanley b ‘68-33 who lived at Montague House East Barnet road New Barnet, was a Collie breeder/exhibitor/judge & hon secretary of the Collie Club. - Edwin  b ‘69 - Herbert Alpheus b ‘75  - Lewis Leonard  b ‘76  - Horace Sydney   b ’79  - Granville Parkinson b ’80 - Reginald Francis b ’80 - Annie b ’74-83  & Mabel b '78.

Mr JE White purchased in ‘94 ° Firefly b ’89 & bred by Mr Albert Andrews of Stafford out of Lady Dora sired by ch Hotspur  and  the pair ° Lady Smut & ° Edgworth Hero b ’92 & bred by Sheriff WA Higgs’ son Mr Wm Norman Higgs ’67-39 both .   Mr John Edward White returned to Somerset where he died in ’23 at Long Ashton nr Bristol. ° Lady Hatton b ‘93 & bred by Mr James Cromwell Guillan ‘67, landlord of The Holborn public house, 4 High Holborn out of Gyp unr sired by Lord Hatton – ch Griselda ex ch Hotspur – was owned by Mr Thomas Licence, of 1 Leather lane Holborn London. Lady Hatton’ brother ° Sharples Rollo was owned by Miss Winifred Jackson. ? Miss Winifred E Jackson b ’78-31,  breeder of New Forest ponies Brookside Farm Burley Hampshire, was fatally injured by a kick from a horse which she was holding in a stable.  ° Lord Wolseley b ’96 & bred by Mr HG Woolmore of Leyton - out of Wildflower sired by ch Marcella’ maternal uncle Hildago – was owned by Mr F O Pigott, of Osborne House Leyton.

° Ch Elgiva b ’95 – see at left - & bred by Mr CC Rice out of Lady Lena sired by Ehelred - and ° Baron Hotspur b ’95 & bred by Mr A Barnes out of Jonathan’ sis Joan sired by Hidalgo – were  owned by Mr Albert Muirhead b ‘62, of Barnfield house – see centre - Prestwich nr Manchester. Mr Muirhead sold  ch Elgiva to all-round judge Mr Geo Raper and successively purchased by Mr Robt Leadbetter of Hazlemere Park. Mr Muirhead also owned ch Ilford Chancellor until '89 - exported to Mr James W Whitney, of Rochester NY  US.

Between ’91-‘07, Barnfield house was in the possession of Margaret Muirhead, widow, living on her own means with her son Albert who was a fish salesman and her grand daughter Margery. They had three servants living with them, and a gardener lived in the Lodge. His father, Mr Thomas Steven Muirhead born in Edinburgh ‘26-85, was a Commission Agent and Alderman. He had been a member of the Manchester Corporation since 1867. The family moved to Barnfield in the early 1880s and remained there. Albert’ brother Thomas b ‘55-21 was an architect, among his works are the cricket pavilions at Old Trafford – see at right - and The Oval.

Mr Muirhead' Baron Hotspur went in ’00 to Mr William Hautenville Ferguson Kelly ’48-23, manager at Limerick of the Provincial Bank of Ireland – see at left, and residing at Tally Ho 3 St Lawrence road Clontarf Dublin. Baron Hotspur  got in 1900 cc’s at Liverpool & Cork.

Baron Hotspur was reported by The Times London dd Oct ’99 as being a champion; Mr Thomas Whittingham - owner of President b ’89 & bred by Mr Andrews out of Lady Florida sired by ch Montgomery - judged Baron Hotspur against 2nd prize winner The Cadet as – ‘a more typical dog but far too small and his otherwise good head  is spoilt by light eyes’ – cc went to ch Marksman ;   Mr AJ Thorpe - 'Invicta only beats the very typical but very small Baron Hotspur in size, bone & colour of eyes'. –

Mr William Hautenville Ferguson Kelly ’49-23, was the son of Mr William Philip Francis Kelly - District Inspector in The Royal Irish Constabulary Armagh, and was twice married - in ’71 Miss Victoria Henrietta Josephine Duckett ‘50-80 - four children born Staplestow Co Carlow and in ’83 living at 18 Bloomfield Avenue Dublin he married Miss Anna O'Connor Monsarrat, daughter of Rev JH Monsarrat of Mullingar Rectory. The cause of his death was the Adam Stokes disease - a temporary condition caused by a heart arrhythmia - which lasted 5 months, and cardiac failure, 1 day - Jan ‘93.

Baron Hotspur’ sis Lady Camber - Joan ex Hidalgo - was owned by Mr Robert Hosier Halford ’37-13, a London jeweller and silversmith of Steep Park – see at left - nr Crowborough - ca fity S of London - who had shops in Fenchurch-street and St Martins lane London. The manor of Steep, anciently called Parstepe, was first mentioned in 1327 but the present late Victorian mansion, originally named High Steep, was built in 1890 for Robert Hosier Halford, who lived there with his large extended family and staff including a cook and gardener. Mr Robert Hosier Halford was the son of London jeweller Mr Robert Gray Halford b ‘15 and grandson of London jeweller Robert Halford b ‘88. Prior to ‘RH Halford & Sons’, Robert Hosier Halford had been in partnership with Charles Frederick Wassell for the nine years up until end ‘79. Their company, ‘Wassell & Halford’ was based at 43 Fenchurch Street London. Mr RH Halford took over sole ownership of the business and continued trading at 43 Fenchurch Street under the name ‘RH Halford & Sons Ltd’, ie William John H-, Charles Henry H- & Robert Collins H-. By the turn of the century the firm had expanded significantly, operating from three shops in London: in addition to 43 Fenchurch Street there was now a second at 129 Fenchurch Street and a third at 41 Pall Mall London. By this time Robert Hosier Halford, now 63 years old, had retired to Steep Park and the day-to-day running of the business was carried out by his three sons, with William John Halford as managing director. The Edwardian decade saw the business thrive. Income tax was a mere 2% and jewellery was seen as a good investment for any disposable income. During this period the firm produced a substantial number of pieces, including clocks, watches, silverware and jewellery. – Centre - 15ct gold locket with enamel to front set with central old cut diamond and to the back a garnet manufactured by RH Halford and sons - at right - Two Mastiffs chained to a post bronze by Paul Edouard Delabrierre ‘29-21.

Another Baron Hotspur’ sis was Leumas Stella b ’95 owned by Mr James Hampton Lee, undertaker of 30 Victoria Road Widnes who once also had Lady Thyr b ’89 – transferred to Mr Wilkinson, ch Ha Ha b ’94 - transferred to Mr Robt Leadbetter -, and Blondin’ fawn brother Prince Hampton b ’97 who sired two early Cleveland litters bred by Mr George Cook.

° Leo XIV b ’88 out of Lady Lu sired by Mr ER O’Brien’ Surly was bred/owned by Mrs Idonea Stopford b '62 of Ferney Blackrock Co Cork. ° St Patrick b ’94 out of Lady Lu sired by Prince Frederick-  also bred/owned by Mrs  Stopford . Lady Lu b ’86 & bred by Captain Cooper out of Nell Gwynne sired by Mr Moss’ Lion; Prince Frederick b  ’91 also bred/owned by Mrs Stopford  out of  ch Hotspur’ dau Tiny Hotspur out of ch CP’  dau Fair Rosamond - sired by ch Montgomery’ huge son Kaiser Frederick. ’ . Tiny Hotspur was described by F Gresham as ~ ‘ She has the most perfect modelled head in the Class , but she was all over so small , and turned one foot out so much' . At left – Tiny Hotspur’ paternal half sis Lady Hotspur owned by Mr Winchell US. - Mrs Idonea Stopford * was in ’92 the only Irish member of the Old English Mastiff Club and one of the very few lady members of that body. July ‘90 – ‘Mrs Stopford, Ferney Blackrock, exhibited three fine Mastiffs, for which she obtained firsl and second prizes’ – ’92 - ‘Her splendid collection of Mastiffs at Fermoy recently formed the subject of article in Kennel and Farm. °Carshalton Alice b ’91 & bred by Mr WK Taunton out of Bassanio’ dau Lady Blodwen sired by ch Hotspur’ son Constable was purchased by Mrs Stopford who mated her to St Patrick which gave Brian Boru & Shamrock b Aug ’96, the latter prize winner at Dublin ’97 together with his dam. ° Teaser b ’96 brindle  bred by Mrs Stopford out of Alice unr sired by Paddy unr – was owned by Mr J Abernothy. From Mr John O’Connell she bought ° Erconwald b ’92 1st Limit at KC Crystal Palace ’95 bred by W H Curtis - out of Ettina (ch Jack Thyr or Wodan’ daughter Maevh x Orlando II) sired by ch Jack Thyr’ son ch Ilford County Member.  Erconwald was ‘rather small , but well built and moving freely all round ‘.

Mr Marmaduke Coghill Cramer ’16-96, JP & DL of Rathmore House Kinsale & Mrs Caroline Elizabeth née Honner b ‘26 married in ’51 and had three daughters, ie 1) Mary Barbara who married Nov ’73 Henry Bonner-Maurice of Bodynfoel Hall – see centre, Esq of Clancoole, 2) Caroline Elizabeth ’60-37, 3) Wilhelmina Idonca b ‘62 * the Mastiff breeder who married Dec ‘84 at St Fin Barre Cathedral Cork Mr William Stopford born ’56 Ileclash house - see at right – at Fermoy - Captain 9th Batt Kind' Royal Rifle Corps, eldest son the late Rev Joseph Stopford of Ileclash house with frontage to and fishing rights over the River Blackwater, a noted Salmon and Sea Trout River. Idonca’ father Marmaduke Coghill-Cramer was also a Kinsale merchant and held Rathmore House - about 4 miles outside Kinsale nr the Irish South coast -  in fee at the time of Griffith' Valuation when it was valued at £40. Lewis described it in 1837 when it was the seat of Marmaduke’ father Mr John Thomas Cramer as ‘a handsome mansion embosomed in flourishing plantations’.

° Cynthia II b ’90 & bred by Mr Hutchings out of Cynthia sired by Beauregard was owned by Dr Charles J Morgan b ‘57, of Crescent house 546 Caledonian road Holloway London. 0 Sholto b ’91 out of Etan sired by Lord Stafford bred/owned by Mr Albert Philips Miller b ’59-49, architect & surveyor of 22 Berkeley Street Stone Staffs, later of Park House Clumpsall Manchester. ° Syrlin & ° Marsyas  - see at left - b ’92 out of Wanda – a brindle bred by Mr Hutchings - sired by ch Beaufort were bred /owned by Captain George Montagu Hicks ’53-17 – see centre -, of South Lodge the Avenue Southampton. Mr George Montagu Hicks, only son of the late Captain George Montagu Hicks - HM 41st Regiment, was Superintendent of the RMSP aka Royal Mail Steam Packet Company incorporated by Royal Charter and for nearly forty-five years in their service. He married in ‘77 Mary Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Mr J B Morris, of Kingston Jamaica. At Crufts ’93 Syrlin & Marsyas resp got VHC & C both offered for sale at £20 each – 1st Mr Woolmore’ Sybil, 2nd Mr Lucas’ Earl Stafford; the following year  at Crufts Marsyas got VHC shown with his brother Syrlin who died a few time later. ° Buller b ’00 & bred by Mr Burch out of Ronda sired by Mellnotte owned by John Essex SCS, John Essex, Anglo-American ‘perfect fitting tailor’ of 89 Seven Sisters Road Holloway – Buller put up for  sale Crufts ’03 for £105.

Buller b ’00 & bred by Mr Burch - out of Ronda sired by Mellnotte  - was owned by John Essex, Anglo-American ‘perfect fitting tailor’ of 89 Seven Sisters Road Holloway – Buller was put up for  sale at Crufts ’03 for £105. Lady Granville b ’01 & bred by Mr R Grant - out of Fan sired by Mellnotte - was owned by Mr CJ Greatorex – address ’04 White Horse Hotel – see at left - Broadway Ilford proprietor Mr William Dennis Golding. - The Homeward Mail from India, China and the East – London dd April ‘04 – ‘Mr CF Napier, instructed by Messrs Grant and Greatorex, solicitors, appeared for plaintiff, while the defendant was represented the Hon Mr TP Wallis.’ - ° King Edward b ’01, reserve cc at Richmond ‘04 bred by Mr Burch - out of Chieftain’ dau Niobe sired by Mellnotte - was owned by Mr William Prowse Jones ‘71–14, music publisher of 62 Highbury Grove N London, and chairman of the well known entertainment caterers firm of Messrs Keith, Prowse & Co est 1780 – see centre -. King Edward was put up for sale at Crufts ’07 for £100. Feb ‘14 – ‘Watching the parade of prize-winners at Crufts dog show yesterday afternoon, Queen Alexandra took particular note of Cylgane, one of Captain Scott’s sledge dogs, which was exhibited by Mr W Prowse Jones.’ – – June ’14 – ‘Mr William Prowse Jones died suddenly at his residence Wood Hall Pinner from heart disease. He left estate of the gross value of £25,000.’ -  Leo Caractacus b ’10 & bred by Mr Allan W Goldie - out of Sutley sired by Prince Caractacus - was owned by Mr Robert Francis Pope b ‘81, of Marlborough House Devonshire Terrace – see at right - Hastings.

° Mai b 88 & bred by Mr John Wyath out of Breeze sired by Am ch Minting - bred by Mrs Geo Willins out of ch Cambrian Princess sired by  ch Maximilian - was owned by Dr James Steel, of Articlave Castlerock Co Derry, who was awarded third prize for an admirable specimen of  the Irish wolfhound. Freda b ’89 & bred by Mr Alexander Morrison, of ‘Morrison Alexander & Sons’ - curriers & leather merchants & boot & shoe manufacturers, 296 to 300 High street – see at left - Linlithgow - out of Chaucer’ dau Rebecca sired by ch Prince of Wales – successively owned by Mr James Lockwood, chemist of 30 The Moor Sheffield and Mr Fred Fagan ’58-99 - of Stanley Works – hand tools - Carver Street and 78 Ashland Road Backsfield Sheffield - who sold her to Mr William Edward Brown of Rockingham lane Sheffield, arguably family member of Mr Edwin Brown, ivory bone & scale cutter - button making and the making of handles for knives - of 100 Rockingham Lane Sheffield dd ’84. -° Prince of City Road b ’96 & bred by Mr Burch out of Devonshire Duchess sired by Young Heimdal was owned by Mr F Cole Macclesfield Terrace City Road N London, arguably family member of Mr Francis Cole b '49, beer house keeper of the  British Queen 1 Macclesfield-terrace City-road.  ° Traveller b Dec ’90 out of ch Prince of Wales' grand-daughter Truant sired by Crotchet* of Mr John D Crockett of Tyrone Courier weekly newspaper Dungannon – was bred/owned by Mr Simon Mangan – see centre -, landowner and Lord Lieutenant of Dunboyne Castle – see at right - County Meath who was also in business with his son-in-law Patrick Leonard in moving cattle between the west and east of Ireland.  ** Crotchet was out of Gipsy Queen II  ’84 & bred by Mr J Catterall of Lancaster  out of Alice II sired by Mr Beaufoy’ ch Beau.

Traveller’ dam ° Truant b ’88 was bred by Honorary Major Robert Gayer Traill ‘39–08, barrister-at-law of Heathstown House – see centre - Athboy Co Meath out of Bruno’ dau Colleen More sired by Napoleon, son of ch Prince of Wales – see at left. – He also owned Truant’ brother Cyrus whereas his brother Troilus was purchased by Rev Russell Bradley of  Golden Caskell. Major RG Traill served in the Hazara campaign in 1868, including the expedition against the tribes on the Black Mountain India - Medal with Clasp.   He was the son of Mr William Traill Ballylough House – see at right - County Antrim, and brother of Dr Anthony Traill,  Provost  of Trinity College. Major RG Traill was a Country magistrate of an eccentric reputation; on one occasion he drove into the town of Claremorris and threatened to arrest his shoemaker  under the Coercion Act because he had not mended a pair of his old shoes. On duty he was always accompanied by two armed policemen while he and his groom carried a revolver & six extra cartridges. He was determined to preserve his own life, and to teach others to do the same, taking for his text the legal words - ' No punishment or forfeiture shall be incurred by any person who shall kill another by misfortune, or in his own defence, or in any other manner without felony.' Major Traill was also & poultry fancier and the Alexandra Poultry Show ’85 was held at his estate Heathstown House Athboy. The earliest record of the family of Traill refers to the Rev Walter Traill, son of the laird of Blebo - Fife, who was appointed Bishop of St Andrews ca 1385, in the reign of Robert III of Scotland. The Traill family owned 1400 acres of land in County Antrim .

° Ch Hellingly Anthony b May ’33 out of Cleveland Julian’ dau Hellingly Antonia sired by ch Hellingly Joseph was owned by Mr Isaac Dishington ’99-85 of coastal village Heysham nr Lancaster, later of Suncroft – see  left centre - 7 Lumley Road Kendal - Cumbria. Anthony got his cc’s under Hellingly breeder Mr EG Oliver Glasgow Feb ’35, Tiddicar breeder Mr Leonard Crook Harrogate ’37, Mr EG Oliver KC Olympia London ’37. Mr Isaac Dishington also fancied Shetland ponies and owned the leading stallion Lakeland Linesman.

° Princehill Susan b ’32  - brindle bred by Mr John Bourne of Snowshill Hill Cotswold out of Hellingly Janet – see left at 8 months old with her breeder Mrs Oliver - sired by Hellingly Robert was owned by Colonel Sydney Hughes Elkington b ‘93 at Hendon London, son of Mr Charles Stephen Elkington ’62-45, chairman of Messrs Bridges & Co Limited – Milliners and Fancy Drapers, - founded in Leeds in 1903 by him in partnership with Mr Herbert Bridges of Land’ lane Leeds - dd ’16 – ‘The directors Messrs Bridges & Company Ltd Leeds have issued their annual report showing that the trading profit for the year - after providing for depreciation and excess profits tax - amounts to £10,583.’ - Col Sydney Hughes Elkington fought in the Second World War, where he lost his arm. In ’23 he married Miss Leslie Lumsden, daughter of Sir John Lumsden - MD Founder & Chief Commissioner of the St John Ambulance Brigade - and Caroline Frances Kingscote of Earlscliffe Bailey Co Dublin, and lived at Fox House Stanningfield Suffolk – see right centre – and died in ‘70 at Worthing Sussex. At extreme right – at left Miss Leslie Lumsden, next to her mother Caroline – father Sir John at right.

Simeon b ’30 & bred by Mrs Reginald Lund Kent née Dorothy Leary b ’00 of White Lodge Lower Penn village, off Showell lane, one of Wolverhampton’ most prestigious locations enjoying outstanding views extending over miles of Shropshire countryside towards the Clee Hills — out of Penn Lady Patricia sired by Penn King Peter - was owned by Mrs Whatton, wife of Mr John Swift Whatton ’61-32, barrister of Manormead Tilford road Hindhead Surrey and of Queen Anne' Mansions  St James' Park London, member of the Oxford & Cambridge Club Pall Mall.

Miss Mabel Agnes Lucie Euan-Smith b ’69 Georgetown Guyana, eldest daughter of Dr Euan Maclaurin Euan-Smith, surgeon of Georgetown Guyana later of Nottingham, married in ’02 at St Mary Abbot’ Kensington Mr John Swift Whatton, second son of the late Rev Arundel Blount Whatton. Sir Charles Euan-Smith – see at right - KCB CSI ’42-10 British soldier and diplomat was her uncle. Dd ’32 - Probate to Mabel Agnes Lucie Whatton, widow; effects £32551. –

At Crufts Feb ’33 Mrs Whatton’ Simeon got a Mid-Limit 3rd prize under Mr Guy P Greenwood – cc ch Uther Penarvon – reserve ch Michael. – At Richmond July ’33 Simeon was awarded the cc under Mr William Hunter Johnston - 2nd ch Michael - 3rd ch Michael paternal half brother Deleval Paladin. Mastiff Mems’ report by Mr Hawkings mentions –– ‘Simeon has improved out of all knowledge since Crufts show.is a great headed dog and general good all-over. Shown on the thin side to-day.’ Afterwards no other KCSB entries for Simeon whose dam Lady Patricia was bred by Deleval breeder Mrs Winifred Edger - Woden’ dau Deleval Gyda ex ch Havengore Bill - was maternal aunt of  ch’s Uther Penarvon & Havengore Christopher; Simeon’ sire King Peter was bred by Menai breeder Mr Bob Thomas out of ch Menai Juno sired by ch Ashenhurst Cedric' son King Agrippa. 

Mrs 'Dorothy' Kent entered three Mastiffs at Crufts ’31 – all for sale, ie Simeon b Aug ’30 price £40, his elder sis & brother Princess Pauline b Jan ’30 £60 and Penn Prince Patrick – see above at left -  price £200, the latter sold to Mr Wardwell Jones – see above centre - ’99-75, son of Mr Frank Henry Jones ’58-27, the latter director of  Crocker-Wheeler Company, treasurer & a director of Guaranteed Mortgage Company  New York, vice-president & a director of  Michigan Steel Company Detroit, and president of  Park Avenue Seventy-seventh Street Corporation. Mr Wardwell Jones’ Penn Prince Patrick, a then heavyweight Mastiff of ca 220 lb, sired many AKC litters a/o out of ch Hellingly Ajax’ dau Milfold Lass resulting in Manthorne Captain Jinks b ’34 – see above at right.

Deleval Paladin, 3rd at Richmond ’33 sired three Deleval litters, a/o out of Goldhawk Elsie’ sis D- Gloriana came D- Richilda who, mated to The Druid, produced ch Deleval Alftruda owned by Mr F Woolley; Richilda' younger sis D- Rosamund was exported to  Mr Chas A Ackerman - California, claimed to carry the Roxbury prefix.  Roxbury Boy & Milfold Lass   b '32 & bred by Mr Jonathan Peters - out of ch Ashenhurst Cedric' grand-daughter Sweet Memory sired by ch Hellingly Ajax - were imported by Manthorne breeder Mr Hobart Titus  and are behind ancestors of early post-WWII English imports.

Paladin’ brother Deleval Siward b ’31 - out of Penn Lady Patricia’ younger sis Deleval Torfrida sired by Goldhawk Imperator - was owned by Mr Leonard Cecil Luetchford b ’05-84, of 73 Greenford Avenue Hanwell ca fifteen mls W of London.  Deleval Siward got  1st Open class at Reading Aug '32 judged by Mr AG Nichols. - 'D- Siward, a large well-built dog, plenty of substance, big boned, nice body, good head & dark muzzle, lightish eye, coat rather coarse.' - 2nd ch Michael, 3rd Siward' brother D- Brand owned by his breeder Mrs WM Edger.– Centre – Paladin & Siward’ sire Goldhawk Imperator b ’28 & bred by Mr Fred Hawkings out of ch Hellingly Joseph’ sis Goldhawk Fairy sired by ch Ashenhurst Cedric - painted by Mr Arthur Wardle in ’30; at right Paladin & Siward’ maternal uncle Deleval Sir Galahad.

The following is the obituary that appeared in The Trafalgar House magazine. Trafalgar House owned François Cementation Company and other companies including The Cunard Steamship Line. – ‘It is with regret that we learned of the death of Mr Leonard Cecil  aka 'Mac' Luetchford. 'Mac' who joined the François Cementation Company -  construction business established in ’10 by the Belgian engineer Albert Joseph Francois of Liège - at the Ramsgate depot in ‘45 was manager there until taking up the position of works manager at Bentley Doncaster in the early ‘50's.

With the establishment of the piling division at Maple Cross 'Mac' Luetchford transferred there as plant manager, a position he held until his retirement in ‘70. He was closely involved with the introduction of new plant to carry out large diameter rotary piling work; the first contract for this technique was at Windmill Road Southall in ‘63. In subsequent years he was one of the main instigators of air cooled piling winches and the use of single drum lagging on 38RB excavator cranes - innovations that are still in use in the piling company today.’

Note - Mr Albert Joseph François ’82, mining engineer, city address Axholme House Doncaster dd ’20 & Broom Lodge – see at left - Hatfield nr Doncaster ca 30 mls NE of Sheffield. Dd Dec ’14 – Domestic servants wanted, also housemaid at once - Apply Francois, Hatfield Doncaster. – Dd Jan ’15 – Daily governess wanted to teach two Belgian girls English; state salary, references.—Francois, Hatfield Doncaster. There’s a ‘Suzanne A F G Francois’ div Chandelon who re-married in ’53 at Paddington Mr Joseph Marie Julien Botty ’08-96. Mr Albert Joseph François died in ’61 at Barnet London.

° Lord Byron b ’22 & bred by Mr T Terry out of ch King Baldur’ dau Shirebrook Lady sired by Ashenhurst Duke – cc at Birmingham ’24 under Mr Wm Hunter Johnston – 2nd ch King Baldur’ son Menai Markie 3rd ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ son Beechwood Monarch. Lord Byron was owned by Mr William Brunt, butcher of 5 Market Place & 177 Sutton road Huthwaite Notts, who also owned Lord Byron’ younger sis Lady Byron, whom he mated to ch Westcroft Blaise resulting in Miss Bell’ Lady Hildur, a/o dam of ch Uther Penarvon’ sons Herga Pluto & The Druid, the latter ch Deleval Alftruda’ sire. - Dd Nov ’24 -Mr William Brunt, butcher of Huthwaite, succeeded in taking three 1st class prizes and certificate in the Mastiff class of the Birmingham Dog Show held last week.

Mr William Brunt' neighbouring shopkeeper Mr Pieter John Derek Spaanderman b ‘07, of Deincourt kennels, had a pharmacy  at 203 Sutton road – see at left - Huthwaite. Centre – Sir John Piet & Santa Alftruda, both from first-class ancestry Our Dogs Xmas ’34 – at right – fr l to r Santa Alftruda, Sieglinde of Huthwaite present holder of the OEMC Puppy Cup, Siegfried of Huthwaite & Sir John Piet, sire of Sieglinde & Siegfried, Our Dogs Xmas ’35. - Sir John Piet b May ’32 & bred by Mr Thomas Jessop Bone of Carnarvon road Huthwaite - out of Batsheba  sired by Lucky Jim -, the latter out of Gay Girl ? sired by sired by ch Menai Juno’ brother  M- Comet – ch Menai Yosemite ex ch Ashenhurst Cedric. Batsheba b ’28 & bred by Mr Wright out of ch Benvolio’ maternal aunt Lady Dorina sired by ch Arolite’ sire Sadberge Duke. Santa Alftruda was bred by OEMC member Mrs Dorothy Gabriel of Santa kennels at Epsom Downs out of ch Havengore Bill’ sis Studland Sarah Jane sired by Mr Guy P Greenwood’ ch Benvolio.

Mr Pieter JD Spaanderman, son of Mr Spaanderman Lindum House Trent Bridge Nottingham, married in ’33 Miss Rosalind Mary Wander b ’12 Boston Lincolnshire. Mrs Rosalie Spaanderman was involved into the local Carnival days – ‘the Carnival Queen was crowned in the Market Place by Mrs Spaanderman.’ - They divorced in ’45 because of the affair of his wife with co-respondent named Mr Hendrik ‘Hein’ Siedenburg b ’08 Laren Holland. She married him in ’46 at Westminster and went to Naarden Holland where Rosalie Josine was born the same year. Mr Siedenburg was art dealer for Frans Buffa & sons Kalverstraat A’dam ’33-51, Referendary of the Ministry of War at London ’51-54, Department head security  of Royal Dutch Aircraft Factory Fokker ’54-59, Head office movement population municipality of A'dam ’57-59 and finally Director of the Prince Bernhard Fund ’59-71  – see inset at extreme right - Mr Siedenburg &  Queen Juliana' husband Prince Bernard. He died in ’90 at Mauléon Pyrénées. Mr Spaanderman married in ’48 Miss Freda Ray and became  elected a member of the Hospital Management Committee.

Sir John Piet’ breeder Mr Thomas Jessop Bone of Huthwaite bred also ° Jubilee Major b ’33 out of Sadberge Duke’ dau Batsheba sired by ch Arolite’ son Arovot, the latter – out of Menai Anglesea’ dau Hellingly Babs. Jubilee Major was owned by Mrs Dora MacDougall née Burgess,  wife of Mr Allan Bower Dutton MacDougall b ‘89, Sheffield master printer living at Gorse Hall – see at left - Ashover nr Chesterfield. Mr Thomas Jessop Bone also owned Miss Bell Lady Hildur’ sis Commonside Lass and mated her to ch Menai Juno’ brother Menai Anglesea which gave Modragh b’ 28 owned by Mrs J Roberts of  Court House Kidlington Oxon.

° Lawnswood Ajax b ’36 & bred by Mr Fred Webb, butcher of Lawnswood road Wordsley nr Stourbridge, - out of Lady Patricia sired by ch Hellingly Ajax’ son Kinder Monarch – see centre - was owned by Mr F Mirfin, son of Mr Arthur Mirfin ‘71-43 - since ’01 publican of Travellers' Rest – see at right - 567 City Road Sheffield. Lady Patricia – Lady Julie ex Hillcote Ben Rowen; Lady Julie – Queen Anne ex Menai Comet’ son Lucky Jim. - Dd ’26 - Another new club bas been formed and a new green opened this week. This new club, the ‘Traveller’s Rest’, City road Sheffield, is to become affiliated to the Sheffield and Hallamshire Association. ‘ - Dd ’29 - Cricket Sheffield Club’ Fifth Trophy in eight years. A meeting of the Deep Pits Cricket Club was held at the Travellers’ Rest City Road Sheffield, when the cup and medals for winning the Bird League (Premier Division) were presented by Mr Arthur Mirfin, Hon Treasurer.

° Sandy of the Lodge b ’34 & bred by Mr J Taylor - out of Pat sired by Britainy Boy - was owned by a managing director of J Lyons and Co Mr Julius Salmon ’88-40 of Little Campden House – see at right -, Gloucester Walk Kensington. Dd ’40 Wells - Mr Julius Salmon, of Gloucester Walk Kensington, who was apprenticed at the age of 15 working his way through the kitchens, bakery, and factories left £72,649.’ -

He was the son of Barnett Salmon – see at left - ‘29-97 tobacco manufacturer, co-founder of Salmon & Gluckstein, which by 1901 was the world' largest retail tobacconist owning 140 retail outlets and together with Messrs Isidore & Montague Gluckstein and Joseph Lyons he founded ‘J Lyons & Co’ in ’84 . The new firm rapidly expanded to become the first food empire which, at its height, was the largest in Europe. Lyons became a household name and the 'Joe Lyons' Corner Houses and teashops, with their 'Nippy' waitresses, caught the public imagination. Margaret Thatcher née Roberts worked as a scientist in the laboratory before she became a member of the British Parliament and eventually Britain' first woman Prime Minister. Some 250 white and gold fronted Lyons teashops occupied prominent positions in many of London' high streets and suburban towns and cities. Lyons undertook the Buckingham Palace Garden Parties, the catering events at Windsor Castle, London' Guildhall where the Lord Mayor's banquets were held, the Chelsea Flower shows, Wimbledon Lawn Tennis Championships and many more. Lyons built the famous Trocadero Restaurant nr Piccadilly Circus and then built the Corner Houses, huge restaurants on four or five floors where orchestras played continuously. Soon the company was operating hotels, laundries, tea estates in Nyasaland now Malawi, meat pie companies, ice-cream companies, tea and coffee companies, engineering works, jam and soft drink factories, confectionery manufacturing and were the first to introduce frozen food to the British public. During the war they managed one of the largest bomb-making facilities in the UK and their engineering works made a range of war materiel. They packed millions of rations for troops fighting in Asia and other parts of the world and bequeathed one of their teashops to the American personnel stationed at Grosvenor Square.

° Goring Pennick b ’34 & bred by Mrs Dickin - out of Deleval Sybilla sired by ch Uther Penarvon – was owned by Mrs A?lexander Purves of Bishopswood at 22 Bishopswood Road Highgate – see centre cast iron pedestrian gateway leading to Bishopswood Highgate. -   London Gazette - HM land registry dd ‘34 – Freehold Bishopswood, 22 Bishopswood Road Highgate by Alexander Purvis, of 5 Dorchester Court London.' - Bishopswood, a ‘commodious house with several acres grounds’ was in ’09 purchased by Mr David Wynter ‘55–31, a teacher of science and mathematics who moved to London in ’93 and established a laundry business, proprietor of King Cross laundry – see at left - and director of the Times Laundry Co – registered offices at 17 and 19 Godliman-street London. He was President of the Swedenborg Society and always a generous host and the beautiful grounds at Bishopwood Highgate were so often the scene cf large gatherings of the celebrities of the day including Cabinet Ministers. Bishopswood became a sort of unofficial New-Church centre. On Wednesday, July 6  1910 over nine hundred members of the Swedenborg Society Congress attended a garden party - see at right - at Bishopswood; the band of the H.M. Grenadier Guards played during the afternoon.  Close neighbour was the Nobel prize-winning physiologist Archibald Hill ‘86-77 who lived at 16 Bishopswood road Highgate, a striking red-brick home behind wrought-iron gates. He shared the 1922 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his elucidation of the production of heat and mechanical work in muscles.

° Goring Scylla b ’35 & bred by Mrs Dickin - out of Deleval Sybilla sired by Sir Timothy - was owned by Mr B?ernard Wicksteed, of Wicks Folly Leesons Corner Chislehurst Kent. ° Abel of Ardennes b ’34 & bred by Mr W Kendal -  out of Almeda sired by ch Ajax of Hellingly - was owned by Mr/Mrs William Newton Robson, of The Chilterns Oxford Road Denham Bucks. Abel’ sis Beta produced two Tiddicar litters resp by King Leon & T- Black Prince. ° Broomcourt June b ‘32 & bred by Mr E Gardiner – out of Lady Superior sired by Prince Boris of Broomcourt— was owned by Mr WF  Proud  b ? ’89-56, of Box Lane Boxmoor Hemel Hempstead Herts. Broomcourt June’ siblings were - Bunty & - Jeanne. – Dd ’28 – ‘Evidence was given that the mentioned William Foster Proud, of Rickmansworth Herts, was driving his car along the Watting Street, in direction of Wellington’ -° Trelyon Karenza b ’33 & bred/owned by Mrs JH Thomas of Parsons Farm  - see at left - Faygate Horsham – out of Comet Menai’ dau Hellingly Sylvia sired by ch Hellingly Cardinal. Her husband captain James H Thomas b ’05 Royal Artillery & Sussex Council dd ’36 -  Roll Of Honour - died ’42. Karenza’ sis ch Hellingly Beta – see at right - was owned by Mr/Mrs Oliver.

° Gaita of Deleval b ’33 & bred by Mrs WM Edger. Joanna of Deleval sired by Deleval Paladin- was owned by  Mr J C Banks, of Ferbi, Dry Sandford nr Abingdon Berks. -  ° Saxondale Bess b ’31 & bred by Mr H Taylor  out of Hellingly Hilda sired by ch Arolite – was owned by the Miss Ida Barker & Birt, of Greywethers cottage – see at left - Cadleigh Ivybridge - quaint fishing village nr Plymouth. They mated Bess to Deleval Ascelin which gave ° Greywethers Wanda b ’34  purchased by Fanifold breeder Mr W Mayne, of Raleigh Oakdene Road Great Bookham nr Guildford. °Burnaby Jane b ’33 & bred by Mr F J Hawkings out of Goldhawk Rowenna sired by ch Benvolio was owned by Mr W Cato, of Burnaby Laundry 22 Beaumont Road nr Chiswick Park Station. Mr William Cato opened his first hardware store in Duke Road in ’01, quickly followed by a shop at 406 High Road – see at right - in ‘05, next to the Chiswick Empire theatre. By the 70s there were 34 branches across London and the southeast. ° Son Of the Dawn b ’33 & bred by Mr N Clarke out of Break of Day sired by ch Ajax of Hellingly – was owned by Mr Charles Fossey, of 7 Station Road Arlesey Beds. ° Goring Magnolia b ’34 & bred by Mrs Dickin  out of Wyndley Boadicea sired by  Mrs Dickin Thor' son Deleval Wulfric – was owned by Mrs C Hurry, of Tenements Farm - grade II listed - Tower Hill Chipperfield nr Hemel Hempstead.

° Broomcourt Babette b ’34 price £100 - bred by Mr Ben Bennett out of ch Broomcourt Comedienne sired by ch Hellingly Marksman – was owned by Mr Fred Shaw, of Brookfield House Ack Lane Bramhall Cheshire, an exhibitor of also cattle. - dd ’13 – for sale freehold detatched residence known as Brookfield House Ack lane Bramhall Cheshire, together with the stables, outbuildings, glass houses, ornamental and kitchen gardens, and the land forming the site thereof, containing 6,635 square yards. Deleval Hadrian b ’33 & bred by Mrs WM Edger out of Deleval Joanna sired by Deleval Paladin – was owned by Mrs Louisa ‘Lulu’ Constance Verry née Brown ’83-57, of Hove Wood Hanging Hill Lane Hutton. She married in ’07 at Romford Mr William Henry Verry ‘82-36, and went from Leigh to Hutton in ’17. Mr WH Verry was a director of  Messrs W Verry Ltd, builders well-known in the City.

Mrs A Purves Goring Pennick’ sis ° Goring Pensive b ’34 & bred by  Mrs N Dickin out of Deleval Sybilla sired by ch Uther Penarvon – was owned by Mr Bernard Blake Wicksteed – see at left - ’05-55,  of Wick' Folly St Paul' Cray Common Chislehurst.° He also owned  Goring Scylla b ’35 &- out of Deleval Sybilla sired by Sir Timothy.. – dd ’54 – Mr Bernard Wicksteed, Daily Express columnist & reporter, was the man who has shown millions that you can have fun finding out about people, about places, about the facts that stay in the memory when they are presented with a sense of humour. He emerges on Saturdays to tell us the Facts of Life, sometimes with Mr Chapman Pincher’ nature know-all, and always with humour. He served with the RAF during the war. Flight-Lieut Bernard Wicksteed, a former Fleet street journalist, has been awarded the D.F.C. for his courage & gallantry on his first operation being an observer and navigator in a Beaufighter – see centre - aircraft  shot down by a German Heinkel about to attack a sea convoy  off of North Cornwall. He wore an R.A.F. moustache which gave him the air of of a Porthos. He wrote books, a/o ‘Father’s Heinkel’ – see at right -, very amusing and readable for the professional flier as well as the ordinary reader; other ones are ‘Robert Ruark – Something of Value’, ‘Joe Lavally and The Pale Face In Algonquin Park’ & ‘It’s fun finding out’. He was related to Miss Hilda Wicksteed, member of a well-known Kettering family. He died  in ’55 returning ill from the Royal Commonwealth tour last year.