No 114) The Birmingham Show usually completed the yearly series of cc shows. The former dog cc winners in ’07 were Mr Lucas’ Prince Superbus, Mr Leadbetter’ ch Hazlemere Ronald, Mr Burch’ Salisbury & Mr Aubrey Smith’ ch Colonel Cromwell; bitch cc’s went to Mr Leadbetter’ Kilmacolm Lucy (Ronald’ sis), Mr Zettwitz’ Zaza, Lt-Col Walker’ Duchess Superba & Mr Lucas’ Frivolity. Mr Brough’ cc winners were Colonel Cromwell (who also got the Crystal Palace cc under Dr Turner) and Duchess Superba, sis of the Crufts’ ’07 cc winner Prince Superbus described by Mr Leadbetter as – ‘a nice brindle, with a large typical head, and showing nice Mastiff character. He requires more bone, however, and a straighter front’ -; novice winner Murdered Monarch was bred by Mr Lucas out of Princess (unregistered) sired by Invicta’ grandson Black Prince, recipient of the  Crystal Palace ’05 cc under Dr Turner but left the country for America very shortly after Crufts ’06; idem ditto happened with Marcus Superba (Crystal Palace ’04 winner) after having sired Lt-Col Walker ch Countess Invicta, sis of Duchess Superba & maternal aunt to his ch Lord of the Manor. - Hereabove pics of Mr Brough, and an unnamed old Mastiff displaying similarities to ch Turk.

Mr Brough’ report about the general state of the breed (his placings included) may reflect the nostalgia of the old breed stalwarts looking back to the early days of dog shows, the days of Miss Hales’ ch Lion, Mr Green’ ch Monarch and ch Turk, a Mastiff who many times changed hands until his death in the ownership of Mr Brough. It was a time wherein the Stonehenge standard was the main tool for judging Mastiffs before the OEMC standard dd 1883 took it over gradually. There are sources which claim that the OEMC standard was (partly) inspired by the sensation of the day, ie ch Crown Prince, squarely headed & bulky frame but having unsound conformation; he was used frequently at stud and a lot of his offspring was linebred to him in order to fix type but, unfortunately, the breed had to pay a high price, ie a gradual decline in popularity, a/o due to –dixit- ‘new alien breeds’ but probably also due to problematic conformation and not the least by the disappearance of the former generation of breeders who established the breed during its so-called heyday, the 1880s.

No 115) A retrospect of the show year 1906 published by the Kennel Gazette. The author mentions a/o that the Crufts placings (judge – Nuneaton breeder Mr Nevill Walker Hall) were ‘somewhat severely criticized at the time’. Well, looking at the head study of the winner (Mr Leadbetter’ Prince Sonderburg b Aug ’03 out of Nell unr x Mellnotte), the cause may be due to his apparent shortness of muzzle not cut off squarely but clearly undershot referring to the Bull influence.

Notes – 1) Victorious (3rd alinea), bred/owned by Mr AW Lucas, was sibling to Prince Superba & Duchess Superba – 2) Lady Claypole was sibling to Mr Aubrey Smith’ ch Colonel Cromwell b Sept ’99 – 3) the last two alineas may indicate the dubious value of pedigrees, although taking into account that ‘bitches whose pedigrees are stated to be unknown’ should not ‘de facto’ be considered ‘all’ as being cross-bred broods as in those days not every breeder was convinced about own breeding profit by registering them.

The other cc winners of 1906 were ch Helmsley Defender (2x), ch Colonel Cromwell, ch Hazlemere Archie’ brother Pinner Beau, Prince Superbus & ch Hazlemere Archie’ son ch Hazlemere Ronald,  in bitches – Ronald’ sisters ch Hazlemere Bess (3x) & Kilmacolm Lucy, ch Countess Invicta and Marchioness (2x), the latter sired by ch Marcella’ maternal uncle Dalston Benedict, shipped to Hong Kong in 1902, the year ch Colonel Cromwell’ sire Invicta also left England, ie for Manilla, Philippine Islands. Some of the substantial lot of quality Mastiffs who left the country during the early period of the XXth century.

No 116) Crufts 1906 report including a parcel of the cover page of the Illustrated Kennel News magazine dd Dec ’04 presenting the promising early yearling Prince Sonderburg (b Sept ’03); do notice the ‘touch-up’ off his ‘reportedly’ screw tail. The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser March 30 ’04 reported – ‘At Crufts Show ’04 Mr Robert Leadbetter claimed the winning mastiff puppy Prince Sonderburg (6 months old) for £50. This, dog is said to be the best youngster of the breed that has been seen in England for some years.’ –

Mastiffs who didn’t turn up were Mr Leadbetter brindle ch Czar Peter by ch Marksman and ch Felix’ sire Nuneaton Lion bred by the judge but purchased by Mr F A Rhodes of Billesley House Birmingham (formerly of Magdala, Port Glasgow Road - Kilmacolm nr Glasgow) only shortly before Crufts '06. This Mr Rhodes also owned Kilmacolm Lucy (sibling to ch’s Hazlemere Ronald & - Bess b Sept ’04). But at this ‘06 Crufts show, he already placed his Nuneaton Lion & Kilmacolm Lucy up for sale (resp £500 & £160) , the latter transferred to the Scot Mr Shearer Clark who made her up in 1908. Mr Rhodes himself soon disappeared from the show scene.

Mr Walker Hall awarded the bitch cc to the 7 ½ old brindle ch Clarice, bred by Mr Fred Mc Krill out of ch Beaufort Black Prince’ daughter Cynesca sired by ch Marcella’ brother The Cadet. Until 1904 Clarice was owned by a Mr Henry Hodgkinson Taylor 1881-1940 (of Rolyat House Wood lane Timperley nr Manchester) who inherited some fortune from his father Henry Beaumont Taylor, senior partner in the drysaltery firm ‘HB Taylor, son & Co’ Huddersfield. In 1904 Mr Taylor purchased the curly-coated retriever couple Belle Vue Surprise & - Nina, considered to be about the best brace of sporting dogs in Great Britain, at the price of £250 and sold Clarice to Mr Leadbetter, known for his restless quest to obtain the best available stock; unfortunately also he couldn’t breed a litter from Clarice. Second in Open Class was the almost 7y old Gipsy Girl, bred by Mr A Barnes out of Hidalgo’ daughter Black Princess sired by Dalston Benedict; in third place Marton Betty, older sis to ch Felix.

No 117) Crufts ’08 judged by Mr John O’Connell was the first show after Birmingham ’07 judged by Mr Edwin Brough (see No 114) but the tenets of both judge reports seem to be diametrically opposed, the latter fancying the rather houndy Turk type and the former promoting the square headed & bulky ones. And just like at Crufts ’06 (cc’s for Mr Leadbetter’ couple Prince Sonderburg & ch Clarice) the Crufts ’08 awards went to Mr Leadbetter, ie the ch’s Ronald & Bess, siblings to the Crufts ’07 cc winner Kilmacolm Lucy owned by Mr F A Rhodes. It may illustrate the overwhelming success of the Hazlemere kennels of Mr Leadbetter during the first decade of the XXc.

During only eight years , the eccentric Robert Leadbetter collected with his stock not less than 43 cc’s which  represents ca 2/3 of the available set taking into account he also judged Mastiffs five times at championship level in that same period. Concerning cc’s awarded to ownbred specimens , he only was surpassed by Mr AW Lucas who a/o bred champions Marchioness , Colonel Cromwell & Countess Invicta. – The selected picture is taken from the Country Life magazine March 9th 1907 and presents the Crufts ’08 cc winners, brother and sis at the age of 2 ½ y together with Mr Leadbetter’ kennelman Mr Thomas Gardner. Slack backs aside, a nice twosome.

Widmere Lady, Ronald’ daughter out of the unregistered Buena Ventura, produced the well-known brindle champion Lidgett Viscount sired by Murdered Monarch’ son Brindled Prince. Ronald & Bess’ maternal grand dam Lady Argyll was also unregistered whereas Salisbury (2nd  Open Class) was out another unregistered one , ie The Rebel Queen sired by Mellnotte. Salisbury’ most prominent offspring was ch British Monarch, great-grandsire of ch Boadicea who produced the famous Ashenhurst couple Cedric & Bernicea. Leaving the cross-bred issue in the middle, these few examples indicate that in those days the phrase ‘unregistered’ may not have been the same as ‘not able to produce first-class stock’.

Reliance (3rd Open Class) was a fawn brother of the brindles Mr AW Lucas’ Prince Superbus & Lt-Col Walker’ Duchess Superba and Archduke (reserve) was out of New York Belle sired by PP’ son Kruger. The 2nd Open Class bitches, Lt-Col Walker’ Synthia, was inbred to Mellnotte, brother of Invicta who sired ch Colonel Cromwell & Paula, dam to ch Countess Invicta and prize winners Prince Superbus, Duchess Superba & Lady Superba, the latter on her turn dam of Lt-Col Walker’ grand champion Lord of the Manor. Invicta’ paternal line died out but Mellnotte’ one lives on till present-day via his son Nuneaton Lion and grandson Felix.

No 118) If true, it means 103 Mastiff puppies were bred within only 83 days by Mr Hutchings of Alphington nr Exeter. Mostly sired by home studs, ie ch Crown Prince’ nephews Benedict & Admiral, ch Pontiff’ nephew Titus (3x) and ch Beau’ son Beaumaris; the remaining two were the latter’ paternal halfbrother ch Beaufort & Mr Nichols ch Victor Hugo. By way of comparison – the diagram of the KC population analysis re the Mastiff breed dd Sept 2015 shows a huge drop in number of registrations from the early years of the XXIth c (averagely nearing the 600 mark) down to the last  five years (averagely ca 160 registrations). Mr Hutchings’ most prominent Mastiff was, as aforementioned, Admiral b ’84 probably referring to a popular local pub called the Admiral Vernon Inn, also place for sale of livestock, poultry, farm products, &c. According to local historians the pub will no doubt have been named in memory of Admiral (Edward) Vernon 1684-1757; he was also the man responsible for ‘Grog’.

At right - the Birmingham Dec ’87 report by allround judge Mr Harding Cox, in full Major Harding Edward de Fonblanque Cox 1854-1944. Prize winners - Mrs Geo Willins’ Cambrian Princess was out of ch Punch’ grand-daughter sired by ch Beau; Mr Wm Shearer Clark’ ch Prince of Wales (late Guelph) out of Leah sired by CP’ brother ch Prince Regent; Mr HH Simpson’ Halifax Nero out of Mr Garsed’ Juno sired by Mr Taylor’ Lion; Mr JS Hopkins’ Terror b July ’86 & bred by Mr MB Wynne out of Mungo’ daughter Phoenix sired by ch Beaufort; Prince Napoleon owned by the well-known allround judge Geo Raper (ch Crown Prince’ son Fidelis x ch Beau’ dau Queen), ch Toozie’ brother - Capt Piddocke’ Rudolph (ch Crown Prince x Lena); Mr Shearer Clark’ Queen of Scots (ch Prince of Wales x ch The Emperor’ dau  Queen Liberty); ; Mr Joseph Evans’ Edda (ch Hotspur or ch Orlando x Wunna); ; Dr Loughest’ Gerda (ch Orlando x Gytha II); ch Ogilvie’ dam -, ie Capt Piddocke’ Zillah III (ch Montgomery x ch Cardinal’ dau Stella). Mr Harding Cox’ last Mastiff judging at cc level was half a century later on, ie at Crufts ’37 - cc  Kinder Monarch, res  Ileden Gunner – cc Hellingly Beta, res Hellingly Annabel. - Below – Orlando photographed by J Holloway, perhaps referring to ‘Jesse Holloway’ of Brighton and Anerley referring to Anerley Road as ch Orlando’ breeder Dr JS Turner resided at Stanton House, Anerley rd 81 – Upper Norwood.

No 119) The ‘Our Dogs’ 1902 Xmas cover reflects the taste du jour concerning large breeds, the ‘foreign’ Great Dane & St Bernard  in the lead, confirmed by the entries at the then Crufts, ie 46 Great Danes & 43 St Bernards against only 10 Mastiffs. And it may not be surprising the original Crufts logo (still in use) presents a St Bernard head. Above at right the Richmond 1901 judge report by Mr Charles H Lane FZS.  In his ‘All About Dogs’ publ 1900 he wrote a/o – ‘The Mastiff. This, which is usually considered one of the National breeds of this kingdom, is a splendid fellow, stylish and imperious in manner and bearing, and fit to be the associate of the very highest in the land. I don't think I can do better than quote the opinion of Mr MB Wynne, whom I well remember as a frequent exhibitor, breeder and judge of this variety, some years ago.’ In his ‘Dog Shows & Doggy People’ – publ 1902 - he wrote about Mr Leadbetter a/o – ‘I am pleased to say he has also energetically espoused the cause of the Old English Mastiff which badly wants help, and I hope we shall see many good specimens of this noble breed from the Hazlemere kennels as all the old fanciers who remember the grand classes we used to see of these fine animals at most of the shows between 1870 and 1890,’ - &c.

Details re Mr Lane’ placings – Mr Leadbetter’ch Elgiva b May ’95 & bred by Mr CC Rice out of  Sir Stafford’ dau Lady Lena* sired by Ethelred: Mr AW Lucas’ ownbred Invicta – Sir Stafford’ dau Di Vernon ex PP’ sire Tom Bowling; Mr Leadbetter’ ch Hollands Black Boy – Montgomery II’ dau Maid of the Wye ex Jonathan (Jan 93 - June '03); Mr RJ Burch’ Mellnotte sibling of Invicta; Gipsy Girl – Hidalgo’ dau Black Princess ex Hidalgo’ son Dalston Benedict; My Molly w/out registration; ch Colonel Cromwell’ sis Lady Claypole who produced the splendid brindle ch Helmsley Defender sired by Black Prince (Invicta ex Black Princess).

Below – the Liverpool 1902 judge report by the Dutch gentleman Mr Gerbrand Deetman, the one who took over some first-class breeding stock from Mr Dobbelmann. Mr Deetman 1871-1918 was the son of Peter Deetman, a reformed pastor. Gerbrand became a dentist, married Willemina Frederika de Gelder and had two children, but he died quite young, his youngest child being only seven years old. His widow succeeded to get a degree of dental assistant and remarried which made it possible her youngest could become a dentist.

Details re Mr Deetman’ placings – Mr Leadbetter’ch Marcella b May ’96 & bred by Mr JS Hopkins out of Hidalgo’ sis Honeysuckle sired by ch Mark Antony, the latter owned by Mr Deetman; Mr Crabtree’ Moston Black out of Lady Lena* dau Silverdale Lady Evelyn sired by ch Hollands Black Boy, the latter according to the KC registration bred by Mr Deetman; Mr Elliott’ Lady Lulu out of Marton Princess unr ex ch Marksman’ fawn brother Prince Hampton; Lt-Col Z Walker’ Wrestler out of Stentor’ grand-daughter Royal Princess ex Invicta: Mr WH Watts’ Kruger out of ch Mark Antony’ dau Aunt Chloe ex ch Peter Piper; Mr Leadbetter’ Lady Valentine out of Duke of Fife’ dau Cleveland Baroness ex ch PP’ son Uncle Tom; finally Nuneaton Grey out of Hidalgo’ dau Queen Mary sired by ch Hotspur’ son Coeur de Lion.

Mr Deetman’  Liverpool ’02 judging appointment was preceded by some newspaper ‘publicity’ on the occasion of Mastiff placings at the Dutch Nimrod ’97 dog show. The Stock-Keeper’ excerpts dd July 1897 present the content thereto. The Mastiff judge, Mr Astley, was the well-known canine author Lacey Phillips Capewell Astley, partner in the ‘Astley & Jollye’ firm - breeders, exhibitors & dealers in live-stock at Cheadle, Chester county. At right - a photo of the Mastiff in question, Mr Deetman’ ch Marc Antony b Nov ’93,  Crystal Palace ’96 cc winner, then owned by Mr AJ Thorpe - see also No 121.

No 120) An article taken from ‘Autosport’ – Britain’s Motor Sporting Weekly – Oct 5 1951. Quite interesting to read – ‘The neat Fanifold Special. The car driven by Dr JC Mayne in a hill-climb’- as Mastiff history re Fanifold refers to ‘Dr Andy Mayne’, and indeed, archives re the MG CC Weston Rally dd October 1951 mention amongst the crew ‘A Mayne, car Fanifold Special, class 5’. His wife Mrs Fanny C Mayne was reportedly successful at similar events driving a ‘hotted up’ MG vehicle. According to KC data it was Mrs FC Mayne who bred the Fanifold Mastiffs at Caldstock; she also bred Russian Blue cats under the Fanifold prefix.

Below at left - Fanifold’ foundation brood Heatherbelle Priscilla’ Martha b May’49 belongs to the oldest recorded maternal line, ie the one tracing back to Helen b ca ’18 and reportedly an old style Bull-Mastiff; some vintage pedigree chart presents Helen’ parentage as out of Connie unr (Turk ex Roxie) sired by the BM Answorth Lion (Major II ex Ilkeston Lady). For the record – the same or a different ‘Connie unr’ whelped dd March ’12 a/o Marwood Pride, the latter registered as ch Master Beowulf’ maternal grand-dam.

Martha’ great-grand-daughter (in maternal line) Saxondale Boadicea was maternal grand-dam of stud pillar ch Copenore Friar and to Rillamil Cassandra, the latter renowned for having produced the Buckhall litter containing the ‘Baronesses’ Anthea, Esme & Fiona, Baron Wolsey (Oxhaege Thorkel’ sire), and last but not least ch Baron Spencer, shackle of a prominent stud line, ie G1 ch Hollesley M Dagda, G2 ch Copenore Rab & G3 ch Hollesley MM. Martha’ G7 in maternal line Tregavean Tania (bred by Mrs Combellack) was the maternal great-grand-dam of ch Trevabyn Black Ice, ancestor of another important stud line, ie G1 Farnaby Touch of Class, G2 ch Trevabyn Mr Snowman & G3 ch Darkling Paddington Bear. The present UK breed cc record holder ch Lady Lavinia b ’00 belongs also to Martha’ maternal line, ie Tregavean Tania’ daughter Coopell Creedesque being Lavinia’ G10 maternal ancestor. Quite funny to find out our Newton’ dam ch Whititera Imma is Creedesque’  G11 descent in maternal line.

At right, thx to Mrs Morffew, a pic of Dr Andy Mayne with his Farnaby Feudal Lord  b ‘79 -  ch Parcwood W. Bear Esq. ex ch Caemes King Edward’ dau Farnaby Flattering Frazes – and his Gildasan Black Legend b ‘80 - Gildasan Roman Warrior ex Gildasan Mr Butler’ dau Gildasan Princess Emily -.

Two interesting ones as  1) Feudal Lord was brother of Farnaby Fighting Faith, Crufts ’83 cc winner beating ch Hollesley MM for BOB; Fighting Faith produced a Falmorehall litter, a/o F- Scirocco (BOB at the OEMC cc show Lyme Hall ’84) & F- Mistral, the latter transferred to Mr Tobin Jackson and quite successful in US shows; 2) Black Legend was sis of Miss Marguerite Perrenoud'  Gildasan Jenny Slended, maternal great-grand-dam to (Meps) ch’s  Dignified John (ch Jengren Pluto’ paternal grandsire and ch Lady Lavinia’ paternal great-grandsire) & his brindle brother Brave Chaka, the latter double Crufts BOB ‘92/’93, resp under Farnaby breeder Mrs Betty Baxter (see her report hereabove at right) & all rounder Mrs Jean Lanning. - Chaka’ parentage - ch Glynpedr Dom Perignon ex Meps Dark Ranee.

Above at left – Stapleford Agrippa bred by Mr JH Barrowcliffe of Nottingham, later on president of the Midland Bull-Mastiff Club; a breed  officially recognized in ’24 and a year later the same Club became a KC member and suggested the standard which became the official KC standard. Stapleford Agrippa’ paternal grandsire was (probably) Salisbury b Oct ’03 and bred/owned by Mr Robert J Burch of Islington – London, out of Rebel Queen unr sired by Tom Bowling’ son Mellnotte.

Above at right – Mrs Lucy Scheerboom with Crescent Rowena & King Agrippa, both Penkhull Lady’ grand-children along maternal line; do notice the dewclaws on their hind legs. Rowena’ dam Shirebrook Lady b July ’21 was registered as a Mastiff  in Kennel Gazette 8/’22  but re-registered as correction - cross breed Bull-Mastiff - in Kennel Gazette 9/’22; Shirebrook Lady’ litter sis Clayton Betty, maternal grand-dam of Thor des Isles (exported to Canada) who became the maternal great-grandsire of Saxondale Buster, the latter ‘shackle’ of the oldest studline  (back to Lukey’ Governor’ grandsire, ie Captain John Garnier’ Adam - b ca 1855)) and continued via G1 Alters Big Jumbo, G2 Parkhurst Emblem, G3 Parkhurst Rufus, G4 Heatherbelle Sterling Silver, G5 Withybush Magnus, G6 Weyacres Lincoln, G7 Copenore Jason, &c.

Below - The Veldicea pedigree is of interest as it shows the origin of another maternal line. It passes through the American import Mansatta Jana b ’47 but already ended up in the late 1950s via G1 ch Mansatta Vilna, G2 Mansatta Comedienne, G3 Edgemount Elvira and finally G4 Edgemount Elsa b ’59, dam of Warren who sired the Cornhaye ch’s Kenneth & Whitsun Bee. The maternal line of the 5th & last ‘original’ post-WWII brood Parkhurst Honey produced only one litter containing a/o Hollesley Hyppolyta but she remained w/out productive female offspring.

As aforementioned, Heatherbelle Priscilla’ Martha  belongs to the oldest maternal line, ie being G14 of Helen unr out of Connie unr ex Answorth Lion BM. The other two ‘original’ post-WWII broods Coldblow Sally (at left – pic of her sis Havengore Victoria) and Heatherbelle Portia also go back to this Helen , ie  Sally’ dam Hortia being sis of Rolanda, maternal G5 ancestor of Heatherbelle Priscilla’ Martha and Portia being (younger) sis to Martha’ dam Heatherbelle Priscilla.

Sally’ only offspring, namely Frithend Nydia produced six litters, amongst them some dozen broods, ie OEMC Beatrix, OEMC Prudence, OEMC Baroness, Jascot Fritham Griselda, Rayne Valerie, Wormhill Cora, Flushdyke Jill, Fritham Beauty, Bowerschurch Brevity & Moonsfield Duchess. So it’s highly probable the maternal Sally line, just like the Martha line, should be still in the running.

Coming to Portia’ offspring, she only produced one litter containing 1) Rowena - one litter but w/out producing broods -, 2)Withybush Beatrix whose maternal line lasted only three gens ending up with Havengore Louise b ’60 and 3) Withybush Kathrine, the only Portia’ daughter who continued her maternal line till present-day.

An apparent maternal ‘Withybush Kathrine’ line is along G1 Meps Barbary, G2 Havengore Clare, G3 Sylvadown Ophelia, G4 Coco Royston, G5 Yarnscombe Columbine, G6 Yarnscombe Aunty Bobbetty, G7 Farnaby Dark Devina, G8 Farnaby Special Features, G9 ch Farnaby Fraze & Fable, G10 Farnaby Fortune Personified, G11 Farnaby Magic Moment, G12 Solocroft Ebony, G13 Tregembo Ivy Jane, G14 Farnaby Just Jemima, G15 Farnaby Far from Forceful, the latter dam of ch Farnaby Full Force of Sobriety, Crufts ‘2009 BOB.

The Helen line aside, so far as presently known, not a single pre-WWI maternal line survived the WWII bottleneck. The Mr Leadbetter’ Buena Ventura unr line ended up via G1 Berenice b ’07, G2 Minerva, G3Princess Lie a Bed, G4 ch Westcroft Cleopatra & finally G5 Kim Thundercloud Thunderer, dam of Mrs Norah Dickin’ Thor; the Mr Cook’ Marton Kitty unr line had several branches, the longest via G1 Felica b 07 , G2 Ashenhurst Matron, G3 Beeches Sally, G4 Penwortham Fanny, G5 Vilna, G6 Sadberge Countess, G7 Retour Rational, G8 Nerica – dam to ch Lady Turk (see her pic hereabove at right), G9 Hermia,  G10 ch Petronella b May ’35 and bred by Miss Ianthe Bell & her sis Prunella, the latter dam to Marton Kitty' last known female, ie G11 Hammercliffe Gyn , dam to  the original post-WWII Valiant Diadem  ; the Connie unr line goes via G1 Marwood Pride b ’12, G2 Jessica, G3 Brunhilde, G4 Hardingham Ladia Lydia, G5 Hellingly Arethrusa, G6a ch Broomcourt Comedienne, dam of G7a ch Broomcourt Marcon b March ‘34 – , G6b Broomcourt Tess, dam of ch Broomcourt Romeo b Dec ’34.

An earlier maternal line of interest which died out, started from Venus unr b ca ‘80, G1 Hereward’ dau Sybil, G2 ch Peter Piper’ maternal grand-dam Chocolate Girl b ‘87, G3 Maggie May, G4 Joan, G5 Lyndhurst Jenny, G6 Paula, G7 Duchess Superba, G8 Dowager Duchess, and finally G9 Lt-Col Z Walker’ champion pair Britain Belle & Britain Queen b ’08, but both w/out progeny. One of best females ever, ie ch Young Mary Bull (see her pic herebove at left)  , went back to G4 ancestor Floss unr via G1 Galazora b ’11, G2 Shy Portia & G3 Marton Peggy.

Rounding up, one could perhaps arguably claim ‘PEDIGREE-WISE’ (so taking forgery aside) the maternal line of every single present-day Mastiff goes back to  Helen unr’ maternal G8 Deleval Boadicea b ca ’35, because all three ‘original’ post-WWII broods - Frithend Nydia, Heatherbelle Portia & Heatherbelle Priscilla’ Martha – trace back in maternal line to Helen b ca WWI or about 30 generations ago.

A hallucinant given taking into account that in the binary tree systematic a ‘sheer theoretical’ present-day Mastiff pedigree there should be roughly a billion (two to the thirtieth power) ancestors in the 30th generation. Speaking of ‘pedigree collapse’, not only due to war circumstances &/or shortage of then available stock, but 99,99% due to the fact that, on the long run,  the number of ‘pure’ individuals in a binary tree (2 parents, 4 grandparents, 8 great-grandparents, &c, &c…) becomes impossibly high compared to the then breed population. To compare - a present-day human being has a billion 30th generation - High Middle Ages – ancestors, more than the then total world population.

But still there are ‘pedigree dog hating crusaders’ who put the blame on breeders of  pedigree dogs for causing high inbreeding coëfficients (with p ex 20 generations, iow stretching back to WWII end). Note -  a binary tree counts in the 20th generation a million (two to the twentieth power) ancestors, perhaps substantially more than the entire British early  post-WWII canine population (incl mongrels), decimated by war circumstances.

The genetic input of an individual comes (roughly) for the ½  (50%) from the paternal branch, the other ½  (50%) from the maternal branch; per following generation the genetic input of each individual ancestor diminishes by factor ½ to the 2nd power resulting in ¼ (25%) for each parent, 1/16 (6.25%) for each grandparent, 1/64 (1.56%) for each great-grandparents, &c, &c.

Inbreeding coefficient in perspective – Canine researchers interprete a 6% COI (with five generations) for a dog as a relatively low health risk. Now, five generations contain theoretically (50+25+12.5+6.25+3.125 =) 96.87% of the dog’ genetic input. What remains for the total of following generations (till the proverbial Arc of Noah) is ca 3.% wherefrom the half (1.5%) could be added to the 6% (with 5 generations) IF, from G6 on, the paternal & maternal side in each of those following generations  should be perfectly identical, a scenario which is highly improbable. In reality a rise of even less than 1% is more likely which results for that same dog in a 6+ ca 1 = ca 7% COI or even less (with theoretically 1000+ generations). 

Striving after suitable matings resulting in pups w/out same individuals in their five generations pedigree would certainly make a difference as their COI would be less than 1%, notwithstanding the maternal lines of all 31 female ancestors within  the G5 pedigree of presently born pups go 'registration-wise' ALL back to Deleval Boadicea b ca ’35 whose maternal line ends up in Helen unr b ca ’18)... - Note – A suitable mating is characterised 1) by complementarity in which both parents improve or emphasize each other' breed standard qualities and 2) by the attempt to avoid (as much as possible) the doubling up of identical faults/disorders.

Back to long-term maternal lines Re later female (US) imports - ch Dignified John & ch Brave Chaka’ great-grand-dam in maternal line Corbett’s Girl Alona b ’79 traces back in maternal line to G10 ancestor Heatherbelle Priscilla’ Martha;   Deer Run Gena b ’81 produced one Grangemoor litter, 10 pups whereof 3 females (Berry, Gail & Sabine) who probably made the trip to the States followed by the disastrous collapse of the Grangemoor history. Having not the possibility to scrutinize the long-term US breeding, the chance to find there an ancient maternal line different to Helen unr and thereby ‘alive’ till present-day seems to be rather futile but still possible... And finally, one also may have, of course,  ‘hidden’ maternal out-cross breedings which could lead to other outcomes.

Take p ex Sparry, a kennel instrumental in 1st class Mastiff breeding producing a/o   the dams of resp Copenore Jason  & ch Milf Manetta who bred together, produced Mrs Greenwell’ ch Weatherhill Thor, the stud behind the famous Hollesley strain & his brother W- Bellringer, ch Copenore Rab’ paternal grandsire; now to present an implausible  ‘SHEER VIRTUAL’ presumption - in the 1950s Mrs Louisette Fernande Aberdeen - née Clark b ’13 - of Sparry Newfoundland & Mastiff kennels at Redruth in the Cornish’ copper mining area, COULD have bred from a Newfy brood ex Mastiff stud and COULD have registered the offspring as Mastiffs, ‘so to say’ out of a Sparry Mastiff brood. 

Two purchasers of Sparry Mastiffs, ie Sparry Athos  b ’54 – Semper Fidelis ex Faithful Gillard – owned by Dr  William Wylie Rentoul b ’95 -’75 Truro  - Honorary Orthopaedic Surgeon ‘Cornwall Association for Disabled’ - M C, M B, B Ch. His sibling Sparry Alexander was owned by ‘Cte J de Borchgrave d’Altena’, arguably Count Joseph A P M de Borchgrave d’Altena b ’95 Horion-Hozémont Belgium, chief curator ‘Musées royaux d'Art et d'Histoire’ Brussels. Residence Chateau de Ferooz Beuzet nr Namur.

Note – Louisette’ mother-in-law (and cousin) Daisy May aka ‘Dee’ b ‘91 bought in ’44 the Zimapan house in the Cornish’ Tregullow village, divorced her husband Ernest Aberdeen and remarried the Belgian Joseph de l’Arbre de Malander in ’49; three years later the couple purchased from the Maynes the Mastiff Fanifold Undine who produced dd ’56 the 1st Zimapan litter containing a/o Z-Krashina, dam to Saxondale Boadicea, the latter grand-dam to ch Copenore Friar & Rillamil Cassandra } above at left her pic with her brindle pups sired by Withybush Superbus’ son Threebees Beowulf.         - Louise herself married in ‘47 her 1st cousin Maxwell Ernest Aberdeen,  a chartered accountant & musician b Marylebone ’20;  they lived at Zimapan until ’49 after which they moved to Redruth village, a few miles away and started their Sparry Mastiff breeding in ‘54. - A trifle re this note is based upon info provided by Mr Peter K. Smith, The Netherlands; for further info look at  http://www.zimapanners.com       

An incentive for potential US breed researchers – there’s an ancient maternal line starting from Mr Leadbetter’ Buena Ventura unr b ca ’05, G1 Widmere Lady, G2 Leoneha, G3 Parkgate Duchess, G4 Princess Mary, G5 Knollwood Mary, G6 Wingfield Gwenfra, G7 Wingfield Eanfleda, G8 Betty, G9 St Pauls Maizie and unfortunately ‘trapped’ in the mid 1930s with G10 Dorothy W, dam to Saxondale Buster but not a single clue re female(s) produced by Dorothy W owned by Dr Wayne Alter, a veterinarian living in Indiana’ small village St Paul (less than 700 residents in ‘40).

In her book ‘The history & Management of the Mastiff’ pp 90-110  Mrs Patricia B Hoffman describes the entries in the AKC Stud Books. From ’34 to ’41 the yearly average numbered 25 including each year entries by Dr Wayne Alter, a/o in ’35 four pups out of Dorothy W’ dam St Pauls Mazie. So it’s quite possible the ancient ‘Buena Ventura unr’ maternal line may have ‘survived WWII via breedings of Dr Wayne Alter (1892-1968).

A quote from the Greensburg Daily News from Greensburg, Indiana - August 22, 1945 ‘Kiwanis hears Dr Alter telling funny stories; Dr Wayne Alter, St Paul veterinarian, was the principal speaker at the weekly meeting of the Greensburg Kiwanis Club Tuesday night. The service club marked farmers' night and in following the theme each member wore the clothes of a farmer and some invited farmers as their guests. In an introduction to his speech, Dr Alter told the members of his club that he hoped that he could make them forget the awful war this nation has fought and won. The veterinarian told of the feeling of suspense and fear he felt when he received the ‘yellow paper’ from the war department informing him that his son, Sgt William Alter, had been wounded. His son was wounded five times in action. Following the introduction, Dr Alter entertained the club with many humorous stories. He also related the story with which he won runner-up position in the Kansas liars' contest.’

Hereabove – A centennial graphic presenting the yearly numbers of Mastiff AKC Stud Book registrations from 1885 until 1984; the US rise from the mid-1960s gradually outnumbered the then British breeding and even reaching the fivefold in 1984. For the record – in 2008 the AKC registration numbers quadrupled the 1984 number, 6657 vs 1584 and in 2015 it became #25 in US breed popularity (based upon registrations), preceded by only one large breed, the Great Dane #15 (Newfoundland #37, St Bernard #50, Great Pyrenees #66, Irish Wolfhounds #69) . After extrapolation of recent US numbers, average breed life expectancy and registration numbers outside the US, the present Mastiff population at large, may easily overstep the 50.000 mark.

At right Crufts ’81, judge Mr Bill Hanson of Blackroc with Mrs Greenwell’ ch Hollesley Medicine Man, the quadruple Crufts cc winner ’81-’84 incl 3x BOB; other people in the pic are fr l to r – Mrs Jo Kromhout (owner of  MM’ cousin Grangemoor Morgan by ch H- Dare Devil), Mr Christopher Habig and Mrs Patricia Bennett Hoffman ‘23-2009  Carinthia affix,  Lafayette – Indiana; more info here. – The res cc went to Messieurs T&T’ ch Forefoot Prince Igor – female cc MM’ sis Mrs Day’ ch Hollesley Rowella, res cc Mrs Sue Rice’ ch Darkling Bridie, daughter of ch Wayside The Devil who also grandsired the three other ones.

No 121) The Crystal Palace, originally built to house the Great Exhibition of 1851 in London’ Hyde Park, was rebuilt in the Sydenham suburb, reopened in June  1854 and from 1870 it became the regular meeting place for Kennel Club’ dog shows; in 1890 for the 25th  year Mssrs C. Brook and Co. presented the fireworks at Crystal Palace, some months later the OEMC organised its first club exhibition (see also Misc No 1) at the Palace grounds where in 1892 a shocking balloon accident took place resulting in the death of Captain Dale. After 50 years on 10 June 1904 already 125.000.000 visitors, giving daily employment to several hundreds of hand. The last Crystal Palace KC show took place Oct 7/8 1936, about only a month before fire wrecked the Palace (30 November 1936  8 pm).

Hereabove a list providing the judges of Mastiff classes at the Crystal Palace KC show annex the winners in both sexes preceded by the breeder’ name. In ‘84/’85 & ’94 the KC organised even winter & summer Crystal Palace shows, on the other hand no Crystal Palace KC shows from 1914 up to 1919 whereas in 1921 and 1925 the yearly KC show took place at resp London’ Olympia & London’ Alexandra Palace. The list of judges is unfortunately incomplete, however the Palace judgings by Dr John Sidney Turner 1843-‘20 of Stanton House 81 Anerley road stand out, ie numbering seven and covering a time span of almost thirty years. And each time he could have walked to his appointment, living at less than a mile distance from the Palace’ entrance. At right – a photo taken at Crystal Palace station presenting Dr JS Turner in the left corner; below a rare snapshot-like photo dd 1899 of ch Marksman owned by Mr AJ Thorpe but soon after transferred to Mr Robt Leadbetter of Hazlemere Park.

Addition list of judges, ie in ’97 - Mr Joseph Frederick Smith, a merchant of Norfolk Lodge – Sheffield and prominent St Bernard breeder (a/o ch’s Save, Guide & Keeper);  The Stock-Keeper  reported thereto a/o – ‘Mastiffs were a fair lot. In the Open class Peter Piper won with any amount in hand; he is now a far better dog than ever he was and his grand head has certainly improved; he was in marvellous form, and certainly improved, and moved freely and well, and had a large number of admirers.’

Note re Crystal Palace '70 cc winner - Ch Empress’ breeder Mr Charles Ramon Martorell b ’31 exploited in those days ‘Martorells’ restaurant at  15, Castle-street, Liverpool. Perhaps Empress b ’67 was purchased by Miss Aglionby after reading one of Mr Martorell’ many advertisements in local newspapers.  Dd May ’75 – ‘Death of a famous Prize Mastiff. Miss Aglionby’ well-known ch Mastiff Empress was obliged to be destroyed in consequence of disease of the knee joint. She was the winner of 21 prizes. She was in her 8th year, and was a singularly attached friend and companion to her mistress, by whom she is bitterly lamented.’ -

  Mr Martorell also put up for sale – ‘English Mastiff, owing to want of room, he is own brother to Turk, recently sold for £450 and is considered to be a better dog, not so much bull, and a much better limbed dog –For further particulars and photographs apply Martorell, 15 Castle-street, Liverpool.’ - Empress’ sire Sultan was claimed as ‘Mr Martorell‘ Lyme Hall dog’. Whether true or rather pompous statement, it certainly may have boosted puppy prices. Above at left - Advert dd Feb '70.

Forest & Stream report re Alexandra Palace Show ’80.- ' Only one champion bitch appeared, viz., Gwendolen who is not a first rule bitch, although she is a champion, being very small-beaded. In the open dog class, first Mr HC Joplin’ Vulcan II, by ch Rajah, is a good dog. Dr JS Turner' Cedric the Saxon, who was in very good form, was classed equal second with Mr Beaufoy’ Cesar by Big Ben. Dr Forbes Winslow' Othello by The Boss shared the third prize with his brother Dr Russell' long-faced Lord Darnley. The commended Houiuliin is hollow-backed and wants size ; Mr ED Tyrer’ Surajah VHC is too short in the muzzle ; and Don II is too light and was deservedly unnoticed. Mastiff bitches.— In this class, first and the cup for Brindle were awarded to Mr AD Bartlett' Tayra. a very excellent bitch, full of quality, and very straight fore and aft; second went to Mr. Beaufoy’ Dinah, and third to Mr HG Woolmore’ Deva, a nice-colored bitch; the commended Vera II is too short-faced; Negress VHC is small-headed; Maggie, commended, is too small; the brindle Nell III VHC is only fair. Mr WK Taunton’ Thekla VHC, is a good bitch ; but Bardon Queen who received a similar card, is thick-skulled and has no color. O'Tara, highly commended, is a fair bitch; the very highly commended Zulu Empress is toy-faced and the well-known Ilford Baroness had to be content with a very high commendation, although a very fair bitch indeed. In Mastiff puppies 1st prize went to a ‘very big puppy’, Mr HG Woolmore' Crown Prince, who, all going well, should be heard of again; Mr Hills’ Banquo received second and cup for best brindle, but he is only a poor specimen; and the highly commended Donardar, a very nice looking dog should have occupied a higher place; Monarch V, highly commended, is big but poor behind; and Sultan II is too rough-coated. The puppy class bitches 1st Mr Woolmore’ Melinda (aka CP’ sis Princess Royal), a very good bitch, possessing some width: Mr E Nichols’ Boomah, placed second, is decidely poor, and should not even have figured in the commendations; Gazo, highly commended, was shown in low condition, and she has also very bad legs and feet.' -

Hereabove a newspaper clip mentioning Dr Scott-Turner of Anerley-hill SE and it probably refers to Dr Arthur Scott-Turner 1871-‘37, eldest son of Dr JS Turner and Medical Inspector of the Penge Education Committee – Penge including the Anerley hill area closeby the Crystal Palace site. At right –Ayrshire b Sept ’88 bred by Mrs Geo Willins out ch Cambrian Princess sired by ch Beaufort; Ayrshire was Dr Turner’ last show Mastiff up to 1895 whereafter he was purchased by Mr Sidney Smith b’ 43 (at right - his portrait 2nd row), a prosperous trader residing at  nearby Werndee Hall Stanger Rd South Norwood, and reportedly the only person to have bought a Pomeranian bred by Queen Victoria, ie Gilda II b May ‘95, at Crufts ’96 valued at £15 together with his other new acquisition Ayrshire at £52.

In 1890 Rev Van Doorne reported – ‘Ayrshire, Lord Cobrey, Noble VIII, Duke of Rollo, I placed in the VHC class. The best of the four was Ayrshire; I never saw a dog so improved as he is. When I afterwards examined him on the bench I felt tempted that he ought to have been higher and yet I could not see what I could have displaced for him. His light eye staring widely at you, his wrinkleless skull pale from just below stop, influenced me in my decision, and his curled tail, carried high on his back, did not add to his general appearance in the ring. He looks better on the bench, where his magnificent foreface shows very strikingly to advantage.’ In ’93 Mr WN Higgs remarked – ‘ Limit Dogs – Ayrshire romped in 1st. He has improved wonderfully and let down in body, and does not seem so tucked up as he generally did. He carries his tail a little gaily.’

Finally, Ayrshire got two Crystal Palace challenge awards; 1) in ‘94 under  Mr Charles Court Rice who commented - ‘The Limit Class was a better one. Ayrshire winning somewhat easily. I have seen him looking better, but also have seen him much worse, and one can hardly believe that he is the same Ayrshire we knew three years ago. I have never seen so improved a dog. His most serious are his gay, curly tail and low, heavy shoulders. The Open Class - I placed Ayrshire before ch Ilford County Member because the former is, if anything, heavier in bone; certainly better in feet and longer in body, and has a trifle darker eye. County scores a little in wrinkle (both are short of it), and greatly in tail and shoulders. In type of head they are almost identical. Ayrshire has better spring of rib than his opponent, and where he formerly so very decidedly beaten in loin, he has so much improved that no longer weakness in that respect is no longer apparent.’ - and 2) in ’95  under OEMC Secretary & Ilford breeder Mr Richard Cook who wrote a/o – ‘Ayrshire carries his years well, and is a magnificent specimen of the old Beau type (ed - half brother/sis to ch Beau). There was not a new crack, or anything approaching him, in the whole show.’  Ayrshire was sold at CP   Oct '95 -  £40.

No 122) Hereabove – A retrospect of the show year 1895 by Mr Charles Court Rice confirming the uprise of the brindle color annex illustrations, reportedly, presenting the same dog ‘Ilford Cromwell’, in a drawing by ‘HvB’ & published in Count Bylandt’ Races de Chiens 1897, and in a photograph. The color in the drawing is not in accordance with the KCSB 12823 data, ie Ilford Cromwell, ‘blue brindle’ - b Feb ’81 & bred by Mr WK Taunton out of ch Cardinal’ dau Cleopatra sired by ch Cardinal –; his owner, Ilford breeder Mr Richard Cook, sent him in ’84 to the Ashmont kennels of Dr JF Perry, author of a/o ‘Kennel Secrets’ and finally owned by Mr A Gerald Hull Saratoga Springs – New York. The Alexandra Palace ’82 judge Mr Edgar Hanbury mentions – ‘The increasing number of brindles is a source of much congratulation, and shows that the former prejudice against that colour is now dying out. The first prize was awarded to Ilford Cromwell, a blue brindle, with a good shaped head and general frame excellent. This dog is capable of much improvement, as he is but young, and consequently not fully developed’ -. At Crystal Palace May ’83 judge Rev WJ Mellor, the ‘discoverer’ of Crown Prince,  reported a/o – ‘The third competitor, Ilford Cromwell, has a fine frame, but he is more like a boarhound in head than a Mastiff’ -.

Ilford Cromwell was inbred to Mr WK Taunton’ ch Cardinal, the latter’ most important G1 offspring may have been ch Gwendolen’ daughter Stella who produced Zillah III, dam of Capt Piddocke’ brindle ch Ogilvie b ’89 who may be considered as thè driving force behind the revival of the once vilified brindle color. He produced only one champion, ie the fawn Brampton Beauty (dam of Am ch Brampton Black Prince) but his breeding value in Britain was passed on through his children 1) out of ch Victor Hugo’ dau ch Jubilee Beauty, ie Tom Bowling (who sired a/o ch Peter Piper, Jonathan, Invicta & Mellnotte), Stella III (dam of ch Ha Ha & Hidalgo who grandsired ch Marchioness) & Iron Duke (who grandsired ch Elgiva) and 2) out of ch Lord Stafford’ dau Stafford Belle, ie his brindle son ch Marc Antony (who sired ch Marksman, ch Marcella & brother The Cadet, a stud behind Lt-Col Walker’ successful strain at Fox Hollies Hall nr Birmingham.

No 123) About Kaiser Frederick b ‘1887 and bred by Mr TW Allen, fancier since '72 - of South Bank House Hereford - out of Sloanes Lion’ dau Gipsy sired by his ch Montgomery (ch Crown Prince ex ch Colonel’ daughter Queen), 'Monty' renowned for having sired Mr Beaufoy’ ch Coombe Baroness (see drawing at left) but also as ch Ogilvie’ maternal grandsire. Montgomery was reportedly,  - ‘wonderfully square in head but very undershot and a little pinched in muzzle, rather short in body disfigured by old scars, not well ribbed up, on good legs and moves well.’  -   Mr TW Allen wrote in '95 a readers letter to the Stock-Keeper wherein he stated  - 'I fail to see this grand breed has deteriorated'-   that opposite a number of S-K reports.

At Liverpool Jan ’91 Kaiser Frederick got 2nd Open Class– ‘Kaiser Frederick is a very large dog, with a very good head and small ears, carried well. He has immense bone, but is not so compact a dog as Stentor.’ - (1st Lt-Col Walker’ Stentor by ch Victor Hugo). Another report about him mentions – ‘excels in head and size, but legs so crooked and loosely put together’. – In 1893 Kaiser Frederick was purchased by Mr Henry Clay of Liverpool who judged Mastiff classes, a/o at Wirral & Birkenhead show ’02 (cc for Moston Black & ch Marchioness).

Kaiser Frederick sired five litters, the most important one was bred by Mr Albert Andrews out of  ch Lord Stafford’ sis Lady Dora which produced  Mr Beanland’ Vestala II, who, on her turn, mated to Tom Bowling’ brother Iron Duke, gave the tawny colored Ethelred (ch Elgiva’ sire) and his brindle brother Lyndhurst Boy, the latter maternal grandsire to ch Marchioness, Paula (dam of Lt-Col Walker’ ch Duchess Superba) and the Hazlemere ch twin Czar Peter & Archie, the latter sire of ch Hazlemere Ronald, G4 ancestor of ch Havengore Bill and G5 ancestor of ch Woden; the original post-WWII brood Coldblow Sally has Bill & Woden resp as G4 & G5 ancestor and therefore present-day stock can be traced back to Kaiser Frederick.

The ‘JS Lockwood’ who wrote the letter re the Liverpool show was James Savory Lockwood b Sheffield ’54 and chemist of 30 The Moor in the inner city of Sheffield. His father George Alfred, also chemist at the same address,  perhaps married a member of the Savory family running ‘Savory & Moore’ chemist firm, a/o  a store at 143 Bond street – London (see above at right).

George Alfred died in 1884, the year his son & heir James married at Wirral. James Savory Lockwood owned King Robert Bruce b ’87 & bred by a Sheffield’ victualler Mr David Lloyd Buchanan out of The Emperor’ dau The Princess  Royal sired by his own Chaucer, bred by Mr R Cook out of ch Ilford Caution’ sis Ilford Cambria ex ch Orlando -.

PS – Both ch’s Havengore Bill & Woden traced back to Bull-Mastiff (or unr) ancestors, but reading historical references, it seems as if  the emphasis placed on that specific given shades their ancestors of high degree, iow Mastiffs as Berenice (Bill’ G3/Woden’ G4), Hazlemere Ronald (Bill’ G4/Woden’G5), ch Young Mary Bull (Bill’ G4) who have played their part in the genetic input of Mrs Scheerboom’ Bill & Miss Bell’ Woden. And it also seems to be quite questionable if those grand heads came down from those Bull-Mastiff (or unr) ancestors taking into account the average phenotype displayed by Bull-Mastiffs of  the time frame thereto.

At right - A drawing of a Mastiff & Bull-Mastiff by Edward Herbert Miner 1882–1941, published in the National Geographic Magazine ‘40. Quite amazing the way this American artist ‘touched’ the OEMC Mastiff type in times the American breed scene was dominated by Altnacraig specimens bred from Hellingly stock.

No 124) This  passage of CC Rice’ retrospect re the show year 1894 goes about Birmingham ’94, the 1st judging of the then 46y old Lt-Col Zaccheus Walker, breeder of two litters (b ’88 & ’89) , ie out of ch Beau’ grand-daughter Queen Dido sired by PP’ great-grandsire’ ch Victor Hugo producing Socrates (a successful stud in Australia), his own show dog Stentor & Desdemona, dam of his 2nd litter sired by Mr WK Taunton’ ch Constable (ch Hotspur ex ch Cardinal’ dau Tring Empress). The photograph shows ch Peter Peter’ litter brother Leyton Jim (w/out progeny) owned by Mr Wm Shearer Clark . At Edinburgh ’97 he got 1st Open Class –' Leyton Jim, the winner, has a grand head with a good shaped body, an otherwise grand specimen being spoiled by having a low front.’ – At right – excerpt of CC Rice’ Crystal Palace ’97 judge report mentioning a/o ch Peter Piper’ daughter Lady Piper (see pic below centre - b ’95 & bred by Mr Joseph Royle out of his Stalybridge Lena unr - see pic below at left), 2nd Open Class only beaten by Bywaters kennels’ ch Elgiva (see pic below at right). Both remained w/out progeny. Notes – 1)  the then 18m old ‘Newlands Alice’ later on renamed as Marcella, 2) do notice CC Rice’ educative reporting  style of comparative assessment, a method also applied by the late Mr Graham Hicks of Jigrajon.

Note – Lt-Col Walker’ Birmingham ’94 1st prize  winner was Mr Wm Adams’ Lord Overton (bred by Capt Piddocke out of ch Jubilee Beauty sired by ch Beaufort’ son Lord Stafford) who got the 2nd prize at Birmingham ’95, this time judged by ch Montgomery’ breeder Mr TW Allen who described him as – ‘Lord Overton has a good head, but his lack of stop renders him more expressionless than the winner (ed – ch Marc Antony). He was in poor condition, and no doubt weaker in loin than he is, in consequence. He is a bad mover behind.’ – Mr Allen, having recollections of the principal shows since 1872, reports about ch Marc Antony a/o – ‘ But, taken allround, he is a very grand dog, reminding one very much of Wolsey of days gone by’. – Note - Ch Wolsey’ most important (G2) offspring was, of course, Mr WK Taunton’ ch Cardinal. The Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News 17th June  1876 mentions re the Crystal Palace show ’76 – ‘Mr Banbury' Wolsey won very easily in the class for other than fawn, in spite of his somewhat bullhead’ .

It was this Lt-Col Walker (iow the very only judge who didn’t placed ch Peter Piper 1st) who was also the only one who kept up (along 4 gens) the Peter Piper line, that with a mating between his Dowager Duchess and PP’ grandson Mr Greenwood’ Sir Kenneth which resulted in ch Britain’ Belle, ch Britain’ Queen & British Ruler who, mated to Dowager Duchess, produced County Member & County Dame b ’10, both w/out progeny

Lt-Col Walker’ County Member & County Dame were also the end of the line of ch Crown Prince’ brother ch Prince Regent via G1 ch Prince of Wales – G2 Napoleon – G3 Polly – G4 Princess May – G5 Aunt Chloe – G6 Kruger – G7 Sir Kenneth  and G8 Lt-Col Z Walker’ Britain’ Ruler. Quote from the Kennel Gazette dd March ’86 – Kennels of the day No 1 Mr Mark Beaufoy’ kennels – ‘Ch Prince Regent (b Feb ’80) was bought by Mr Mark H Beaufoy in January ‘81, but had the misfortune to lose him by diphtheria in June ’84, when the dog was just in his prime, but, alas, too short career he won three first and cups, one second to ch Pontiff, and a champion at the Crystal Palace ’83 (under Rev WJ Mellor); all these successes were achieved at Birmingham and the Kennel Club Shows. Dr Renton’ Prince of Wales (late Guelph II) and Mr Hanbury’ Princess Rita are the best of his get.’ – Above  at right - the Crystal Palace ’83 report communicated in the Kennel Gazette July ’83.

Note – The Kennel Gazette April ’83 published a selected list of stud dogs; for Mastiffs it were four ch’s, all owned by Mr Beaufoy – fee for each of them 10 guineas –, ie Beau (160 lb), Nero (180 lb), Pontiff (147 lb) & Prince Regent (155 lb).  A communicated Crystal Palace ’81 report mentions re  Prince Regent – ‘In the open Class (22 entries, Mr Beaufoy’ Prince Regent was rightly first; his only fault is want of size, his head is good and he is very compact, he may grow yet, being only 16 months old.’ - The weight of the latter’ brother, the more bulky framed ch Crown Prince, was, reportedly, 180 lb. So, one may imagine  those Victorian Mastiffs weren’t certainly  tall ones.

Lt-Col Walker was also the one who implemented in his Fox Hollies Hall line the stud Jonathan, exported to The Netherlands and afterwards to Australia where some newspaper articles wrongly claimed Jonathan was ch Peter Piper’ brother but, to be correct - they were closely related, ie same sire (Tom Bowling) whereas their resp dams Maggie May & Selina were sisters. Jonathan’ Australian line disappeared after few generations and in Britain Lt-Col Walker continued the Jonathan’ line by mating his son Mr Crabtree’ Moston Black to Waiting Maid which produced G2 With The Times who grandsired a/o Polly Gwynne b ’11 (see above pic at left) but foremost on record for having sired ch Lord of The Manor, grandsire of Jonathan’ G5 offspring Realm Queen b ’16 but w/out progeny.

So it might be clear that at Fox Hollies Hall not only ch Prince Regent but also ch Peter Piper & Jonathan had their very last descents and, just as for ch Prince Regent, it means present-day stock cannot be traced back  neither to Jonathan nor PP. But, of course, the legacies of their sire Tom Bowling (who sired Mellnotte), their maternal grandsire Sir Stafford (who grandsired Mellnotte) and their maternal great-grandsire ch Ilford Chancellor (who great-grandsired ch Marc Antony) are still present in present-day stock.

No 125) A magnificent handmade chart presenting  many shackles between Mr Bill George’ Tiger, who sired the 1st Mastiff champion ie Mr Hanbury’ Duchess b 1860, and prize winner Leon McLean, b ’31 - bred by Mr Crook of Tiddicar kennels and owned by Miss M McLean Farquhar of Chain House lane Whitestake nr Preston. He became famous as – sic ‘the first Mastiff of the modern era of showing – that is post-WWI when Best in Show awards were started, to be in the last few for selection’. – The feat happened at the Scottish KC Edinburgh Sept ’33 as he went on to be 3rd to the Best in Show winner.

The three-quarter century covering chart is not signed, so one may only guess who did the time-consuming job. Leon’ owner, Leon’ breeder, or perhaps Mr Edmund G Oliver, inspired breed historian and husband of Leon’ sire (ch Hellingly Ajax),  Mrs Jessie Wilson Oliver? Reportedly, Mr Oliver developed over some time an exhaustive alphabetised collection of pedigrees, probably via his connections as member of the KC Committee. Some minor misspellings aside, the original 20/20i sized ancestral chart is KCSB-wise pretty accurate  and mentions the sexe of each Mastiff and quite a lot of times also year of birth &/or reference ‘see other pedigree’.

Leon got only one cc , namely at Edinburgh ’33 under Mr Chris Houlker who awarded the reserve ticket to Hellingly Brian  bred dd March '28 by Benton breeder Mr HC Liddell dd March ’28 out of ch Westcroft Blaise’ dau Benton Elizabeth sired by ch Hellingly Joseph. The judge’ comparison with Brian may probably refer to to Leon’ skull being slightly curved and ears not lying flat ( Polly Gwynne – see No 124 - shows a standardly more correct ear carriage) but standing houndy-like forward. Nevertheless, Mr Houlker’ ‘heads’  judgment of Leon vs Brian seems  rather puzzling, especially  when looking at Brian’ pic - below at left-  publ Our Dogs Dec ’31. Female reserve cc for Hellingly Flora, bred by Trelyon breeder Mrs JH Thomas out of Comet Menai’ dau Hellingly Sylvia sired by the Olivers' foundation stud ch Hellingly Joseph.

Leon’ only other prizes at championship level were two 3rd Open Class placings . 1) at Crystal Palace KC ‘33 under Cleveland breeder Mr Herbert Cook, cc winner ch Hellingly Marksman, reserve cc Deleval Ascelin). On that occasion, the Our Dogs reporter commented as following – ‘Leon McLean I thought was hardly dealt with; plenty of size, good skull, body, bone;legs and feet, well furnished in body; moved soundly.’ – whereas Havengore Mark  (who sired the famous ch Havengore Christopher) was reported as – ‘a fawn, not pleasing in colour; good skull and bone, but could be improved in feet; plenty of substance in body; fair mover’ -. Note- Snowshill Drin was bred by Mr J Bourne out of Hellingly Janet sired by Hellingly Queen Bess’ brother H- Robert.

2) at Crystal Palace KC ’34 under Mr WN Higgs awarding the cc to Marksman’ brother ch Hellingly Cardinal, ch Cleveland Hugo taking the reserve. On the occasion of the Palace show ’33, the Our Dogs reporter commented as following – ‘Leon McLean I thought was hardly dealt with; plenty of size, good skull, body, bone;legs and feet, well furnished in body; moved soundly.’ – whereas Havengore Mark  (who sired the famous ch Havengore Christopher) was reported as – ‘a fawn, not pleasing in colour; good skull and bone, but could be improved in feet; plenty of substance in body; fair mover’. - Snowshill Drin was bred by Mr J Bourne out of Hellingly Janet sired by Hellingly Queen Bess’ brother H- Robert.

PS -Leon Mc Lean’ litter brother Mr Fred Webb’ Kinder Monarch was already 5+ years old when he was first shown , and only mentioned twice in the KCSB show records , 1) the cc at Birmingham ’36 under Dr Aubrey Ireland (res ch Havengore Christopher) and 2) the cc at the next show , ie Crufts ’37 under ‘soundness adept’ Major Harding Cox (res Hellingly Mark’ son Ileden Gunner) . Above centre – Kinder Monarch  as decorum of a cigarette trade card issued dd ’38 by John Sinclair Ltd of Newcastle on Tyne and at right - pic of his  paternal half-brother Tiddicar Orlando owned by Geo Chas Bonner of Ye Two Brewers Hotel , 78-80 Perry Hill – Catford.

No 126) Above at left – registration forgery aside, the only paternal lineage surviving WW-II, namely tracing down from Captain Garnier’ Adam via G1 Garnier Lion G2 Lukey Governor G3 Hanbury Prince  to G26 Parkhurst Emblem. After WW-II two branches developed in Britain from Parkhurst Emblem, ie 1) along his paternal grandson Heatherbelle Sterling, G3 ancestor of Copenore Jason’ paternal line, 2) along his other paternal grandson Heatherbelle Rajah, G4 ancestor of ch Havengore Balint’ paternal sire. 

Heatherbelle Sterling Silver & Heatherbelle Rajah were two out of the four ‘original’ post-WWII studs; the two other ones were Templecoombe Torus (reputedly sired by a Bull-mastiff) & Valiant Diadem. Torus left no male offspring whereas the paternal line from ch Crown Prince’ son ch Hotspur down to paternal G11 Valiant Diadem  lasted at most only four post-WWII generations in Britain; but perhaps, (don’t have the info thereto) present-day there still 'may be' existing paternal lines of Valiant Diadem in the States via Diadem’ US exported paternal G4 descents, ie the Blackroc champion brothers Rhinehart & Falcon.

Above at right – the list of dams (including their maternal line of ancestors) of each following stud in the paternal lineage from Captain Garnier’ Adam down to Parkhurst Emblem and from there split in two branches, ie A) from Emblem’ son Rufus down to Copenore Jason and B) from Emblem’ son Jumbo (Rufus’ brother) down to ch Havengore Balint. -  At left – a rare ch Havengore Hotspot photograph  as an early youngster.

Above – left column presents the maternal lineage, from Helen unr down to Deleval Boadicea, which is the only pre-WWII maternal line for the entire present-day stock, iow all recent Mastiffs trace back in their maternal line (bottom line of each pedigree) to Deleval Boadicea.

Note – Helen unr’ maternal G3 descent Rookery Duchess was litter sis to Crescent Rowena, dam to ch Havengore Bill, the latter paternal G7 descent of Tom Bowling, paternal G10 descent of Lukey’ Governor.

Both schemes of successive generations in both sexes may make clear that, once again – registration forgery aside, the only paternal lineage surviving WW-II, namely the one tracing back to Lukey’ Governor (and his grandsire Captain Garnier’ Adam), is substantiated in its 'early' prominence  by the list of sires (see right column) mated to the respective dams within the line up from Helen unr down to Deleval Boadicea, as those sires all trace back in their paternal line to ch Crown Prince, paternal G6 descent of Lukey’ Governor.

At right – a photograph of Penkhull Lady’ maternal granddaughter Jersey Queen, dam to Mrs John Evans’ ch Prince and ch Prince’ son Thor des Isles, the latter, thus a dam/son inbreeding, became exported to the States.

There, Thor des Isles was mated to Wingfield Eanfleda’ daughter Betty, and produced St Paul’ Mazie & Bayberry June, respectively maternal granddam and great-granddam to Saxondale Buster (sired by Saxondale Brutus).

The breed historically prominent maternal Helen unr line had clearly its origin in the North of England. Mr Harold Beasley, b ’97 Radbourne nr Derby and living  in the nearby village Penkhull , mated his ownbred  1) Penkhull Lady to Stapleford Agrippa bred/owned by Mr JH Borrowcliffe, of Nottingham - some 50mls E of   Penkhull – . Their daughter 2) Shirebrook Lady was purchased by Mr Thomas Terry, b ’65 Chesterfield and living in a rowhouse (104 Langwith Road) at Shirebrook – some 60 mls E of Penkhull , who mated her to Ashenhurst Duke owned by Ashenhurst breeder Mr Norman Haigh of Huddersfield – some 50 mls N of Shirebrook – which resulted in 3) Rookery Duchess purchased by ‘L Walters’ who mated her to ch King Baldur owned by Wantley breeder Miss MD Hitchings. Impossible to trace ‘L Walters’ but there was a ‘JF’ Walters who owned ch Hazlemere Ronald’ maternal granddaughter Minerva b ’12 and bred two litters from her, A) sired by Mr JG Joyce’ Bayardo resulting in Prince Lie A Bed and B) sired by Mr JH Borrowcliffe’ Stapleford Pedro. Their daughter 4) Lady Clare may have purchased by Miss Mabel Dent Hitchings of Meersbrook Sheffield who mated her to Menai Comet bred/owned by Menai breeder Mr Bob Thomas of Buxton – some 30 mls away from Sheffield. Their daughter 5) Wantley Fair Freya was purchased by Cleveland breeder Mr Herbert Cook, of Middlesbrough – some 100 mls N of Sheffield, who mated her to Hellingly Robert, bred by him but owned by Hellingly breeder Mrs JW Oliver. Their daughter 6) Cleveland Joy was purchased by Mrs Winifred Edger, of Kemsing nr Sevenoaks – some 270 mls S of Middlesbrough, who mated her to Mr Herbert Cook’ home stud  Cleveland Comedian (bred by Mr P Barritt)  which resulted in 7) Deleval Joanne who, mated to her own home stud Deleval Hereward, became the dam of 8) Deleval Boadicea.

As a tribute to Mrs Mellish of Heatherbelle who exported five Heatherbelle pups to Great Britain which contributed largely to the revival of the breed At the backside of the photograph is written – ‘The sisters winning Best Brace in Show every time entered in Canada & US.’ – Presuming it were Heatherbelle champions Hyacinth & Diana (above at left), above in the centre – Knockrivoh Eric who sired Heatherbelle Priscilla’ Martha, foundation brood of Dr Mayne’ Fanifold kennels.

Mrs Hyacinth Margaret Mellish née Harfield was born ’12 in Fareham nr Southampton UK, emigrated in ‘33 to Vancouver Island –Canada, being a skilled music teacher. She started a year later the Heatherbelle kennels (also incl Scottish - & West Highland Terrier) and in ’40 she married Mr Humphrey Walter Mellish. She died in 1997 and left a generous legacy worth at least $300,000 to the Canadian Institute for the Blind

No 127) It might be of interest to consider, in birds eye view, the twenty-two breeders behind the ‘so-called’ only paternal lineage surviving WW-II, the one tracing down from Adam to Parkhurst Emblem. It all started with 1) Captain John Garnier who bought, at Leadenhall Market – London, Adam - claimed of Lyme Hall origin. Due to professional duties, he went to Canada where he bred Lion out of Eve (also from Leadenhall Market) sired by Adam. Back in England, his early residence was at Prospect Row, Brompton Hill nr Chatham.

The then already renowned 2) Mr Thomas Lukey of Locksbottom – some 70 mls away from Brompton Hill - mated Capt Garnier’ Lion to his ownbred prize winning Countess resulting in Governor. 3) Mr Edgar Hanbury, of Highworth – Wiltshire, mated Mr Lukey' Governor to his champion Duchess (by Mr Bill George' Tiger) which produced Prince.

4) Rev JB Rowe (see portrait at left), the then Principal of St Mary – a Catholic teacher training college - at Twickenham, , mated Mr Hanbury’ Prince to his ch King’ daughter Nell resulting in Griffin, purchased by Mr Hanbury. 5) Mr Hanbury mated his Griffin to his Pembertons Wolf’ daughter Phillis which gave ch Rajah (see drawing at right).

6) Mr WH Balleston of East Sheen mated Mr Hanbury ch Rajah to his Ino (niece to Lukey’ only champion Beauty) resulting in ch The Shah. 7) Mrs Mary Rawlinson of Ulverston mated Mr Balleston ch The Shah to her ch Countess - ch Turk’ son Sultan ex Lyme Hall? Flora – which produced Mrs Rawlinson’ ch The Emperor –. 8) Mr Henry Woolmore of Leyton nr London (probably) mated Mrs Rawlinson ch The Emperor (see pic at right), at that moment in the Mr W Burnell’ kennels at Wells road, a rather obscure site in the Goldhawk Road area of Shepherds Bush nr London City - which contained a/o also another ch Rajah’ grandson, ie Mr Burnell’ own Young Prince, (probably wrongly) registered as CP’ sire, notwithstanding quite a lot of apparent opposition – to his ch The Shah’ daughter Merlin which (probably) gave ch Crown Prince.

9) Dr JS Turner of Upper Norwood mated Dr Lyttelton Winslow’ Crown Prince to his ch Rajah’ daughter resulting in ch Orlando, at a later age purchased by 10) Rev Rowe’ befriended colleague -  the Belgian catholic Rev Henry Van Doorne who mated Orlando back to his own daughter Hertha, which gave Orlando II.

19) Mrs EM Ward of Slough nr London mated ch Ashenhurst Cedric to her ch King Baldur’ daughter Pomona Baldurine resulting in Sadberge Duke who, mated to ch Cleveland Premier’ sis Sadberge Countess (owned by Heatherville Duke breeder Mr Joice), produced ch Arolite ( extreme left).   NB - Ch Hellingly Ajax registered as sired by ch Arolite OR ch Hellingly Joseph  .

20) Saxondale breeder Mrs Flora Taylor, of Lostwithiel – Cornwall, mated ch Arolite to Hellingly Hilda – daughter of ch Cleveland Premier (see  at left) which gave Saxondale Brutus exported to the US. His American importer was 21) Dr Wayne Alter, of St Paul – Indiana, who mated him to his Wingfield’ descent Dorothy W,  resulting in Saxondale Buster, who mated to Dr Alter’ Angeles Victoria, produced Alters Big Jumbo.

11) Captain JL Piddocke mated Rev Van Doorne’ Orlando II to his ch Montgomery’ daughter Zillah III  resulting in ch Ogilvie who, mated to the Captain’ ch Victor Hugo’ daughter ch Jubilee Beauty, sired Tom Bowling. 12) Mr AW Lucas, of Rye Sussex, mated Tom Bowling to his Sir Stafford’ daughter Di Vernon resulting in Mr RJ Burch’ Mellnotte. 13) Mr Neville Walker Hall of Nuneaton mated Mellnotte to his Nuneaton Molly producing Nuneaton Lion. 14) Cleveland breeder Mr George Cook of Middlesbrough mated Nuneaton Lion to his Marton Kitty unr resulting in ch Felix.

15) Mr Jno Geo Joice of Waskerley – Durham Co – mated ch Felix to Salisbury’ daughter Oscott Shielah which gave Heatherville Duke. 16) Mr JB Longstaff of Willington nr Durham mated Heatherville Duke to Cleveland Leopold’ niece Lusitania resulting in Count Willington. 17) Mr George Cook mated Count Willington to ch Felix’ niece Adams Last which gave Adamite who, mated to Mr Cook’ Tilly Dunn – a Cleveland Leopold’ granddaughter -, produced Ashenhurst Duke, the latter purchased by 18) Mr Norman Haigh of Huddersfield who mated Ashenhurst Duke to ch Scarlet Pimpernel’ daughter ch Boadicea (see head shot), resulting in ch Ashenhurst Cedric (at right).

22) Canadian Parkhurst breeder colonel Byron Hugh Parker, of Calgary?, mated Jumbo to his Manthorne Joy (bred by Mr Hobart Titus) which produced Parkhurst Emblem. Colonel Byron Parker, according to some gossip from Mr Merle Campbell, used to bred Mastiffs and Bull-Mastiffs together and bred indiscrimately…

No 128) The paternal ‘Adam’ line mentions two Reverends as breeder, ie Griffin b ca ’66 bred  Rev JB Rowe, of Twickenham (12 mls away from the City of London), and Orlando II b ’87 bred by the Belgian Rev HKE Van Doorne, of the London suburb Brixton – photo above at right presents Orlando II’ maternal aunt Lady Dorothy. But there were two other Reverends instrumental in developing the paternal ‘Adam’ line. 1) Rev Bulkey Owen Jones, of The Cloisters Ruthin – North Wales (see pic at left), and breeder of 4 litters (’71-75), bred a/o ch The Shah’ dam Ino out of ch Turk’ Nell sired by Lukeys’ Baron, brother to Lukeys ch Beauty from Mr Lukey’ last KCSB litter (Governor dau Treasure ex ch King) which makes that Lukeys Governor’ G4 descent ch The Shah b ’73 goes also back (along his dam) to G4 ancestors Lukeys Governor and his brother Harold. Rev Bulkeley O Jones’ Ino was also maternal granddam to ch Crown Prince and, along The Shah’ sis Mona, maternal great-granddam of Orlando II. Rev Bulkeley Owen Jones bred two champions, ie Mr Beaufoy’ Nero (see pic above centre) & Mr WK Taunton’ Gwendolen, the latter ch Ogilvie’ maternal G3 ancestor.

2) Rev Robert Wynne - see drawing at left -, of Scalford, bred Rev Van Doorne ch Orlando’ maternal G5 ancestor Druidess, b ’70 out ch King’ Brenda sired by Mr Lindoe’ Druid – see at left drawing of Druid’ brother Peveril. Inasmuch his son Mr MB Wynne was born in ’52, it doesn’t seem plausible to presume that it was Mr MB Wynen, educated at home by his father, who could have purchased adult first-class specimens as ch Rajah’ maternal grandsire Wolf b ’59 (bred by Mr Loftus L Pemberton), Lord Kingsdown’ Rufus b ‘61 and Rev Baxendale’ Hercules, or bred KCSB Mastiffs since ’67.

At the death of his aunt, the widowed Mary Dickinson née Wynne 1789-’61, Rev Robert Wynne b '23,  Perpetual Curate at Corhampton Hants between ’56-’65 and, reportedly, owner of ‘the tallest horse in Hampshire’,  inherited (together with  his sis Fannie Corrie née Wynne b '24)  some £14,000 (present value approx £1,000,000).

In ’65 Rev Robert Wynne became vicar at Scalford and started his Mastiff breeding, probably until his death in ’81 but, for some reason, his son may have hidden his father’ name from the fancy when the Kennel Club was founded in 1873 annex the KCSB (Mastiff data provided by MB Wynne) and he already cooperated with his father before taking over his father’ Mastiff breeding until ’86; Mr MB Wynne  was ordained a priest in ’90.

3) Rev Richard Baxendale 1832-1890,  Catholic vicar of St. John the Evangelist, Maidstone between ’60-’90 and chaplain to the 5th Earl of Romney aka Charles Marsham of Mote Park. This Reverend bred Hercules b ’67 out of Whynault unr sired by Charles Marsham’ Dick unr. Hercules (last owner - Rev Robert Wynne) became famous by siring Octavius Green’ ch Monarch, double winner of the yearly top dog show , ie Crystal Palace ’74/’75. One only can guess after the origin of Lord Marsham’ Dick but presuming he was born in the early 1860s, there’s a chance he was bred by one of the then leading breeders , ie  a/o THV Lukey (only one KCSB reg litter , ie in ’61 a/o Governor & Harold) and the coming ‘star’ Mr Edwin Nichols -more than half a dozen reg litters, sired by Cautley’ Quaker or his Quaker by Raymond’ Prince.

Aper’ statement that Hercules b 67 was half-brother to Wolf b ’59, Jenny & Rufus b’61, raises questions.  Is it possible that Whynault produced litters with an interval of ca eight years? Or is there something wrong with the KCSB data re resp years of births? Wolf  2353, was born ’59 and won  1st prize at Birmingham ’67 and 1st prize at Northampton ’71, or at about the age of eight and twelve, thereby comes the KCSB for the show year ’76 mentions the death of MB Wynne’ Wolf 2353, or at about the age of 17!

This gives rise to some speculation Wolf was NOT born in ‘59 but later on (ca ’65) yet before Whynault became purchased by Rev Baxendale. If Whynault’ 1st litter was born end ’61 and her 3rd litter early ’67, then there’s some slight reason to believe it goes about the same brood. Remains the question re KCSB registration of the same year (1874) – Why was Mr Pemberton’ brood named  ‘Why Not’ and why was Rev Baxendale’ brood named  ‘Whynault’? Sound like misspelling or simply different broods?  Odd to realise it were the Wynnes,  the last owners of Why Not’ son Wolf b ’59 & Whynault’ son Hercules b’67, who provided the Mastiff data for the KCSB ’74, edited & compiled by Mr Frank CS Pearce, son of Rev Thomas Pearce ’14-‘85 aka the author ‘Idstone’,  first secretary to the English Kennel Club. .

Rev Wm James Mellor '34-99, of Rodmersham – Kent, bred nine litters between ’74-’82, a/o one champion, Creole out of Big Ben’ Duchess sired by ch Wolsey’ brother Prince; Creole was later on exported to the US. Rev Mellor purchased the chocolate masked Crown Prince as a pup b ‘80 from his breeder Mr Woolmore but was  transferred to Dr Winslow soon. Rev WJ Mellor was not only the doyen of the OEMC founding members but also a judge much sought after and he certainly was instrumental in launching CP’ show career. - Below at right - 'arguably' Rev W J Mellor with  an elderly Mastiff specimen quite pale in mask.

The earliest KCSB reference to a Reverend is Rev Charles William Holbech 1817-1901, of Farnborough Hall – Warwicks, who bred & owned Tiger b ’57 (Lion ex Venus), recipient of 1st prize at Birmingham ’63 and 3rd prize at Asburnham Hall Cremorne. He was a descent of Ambrose Holbech who acquired Farnborough Hall in 1684 and combined the house & gardens to present an intriguing 18th-century Italian villa. Rev James B Rowe bred three KCSB litters; his most notable Mastiffs were Griffin (ch Rajah’ sire) and ch Stella b ’67 owned by Mr FW Gee of Clare Priory – Suffolk.

Rev FH Hichens, of Speldhurst Tunbridge Wells, bred a litter from Big Ben’ dau Mab sired by ch The Shah, resulting in Max. Rev Wm Yates Foot, of Moulsford Berks, owned ch Turk’ dau Hilda b ’69, prize winner at Manchester Belle Vue ‘70/’73 but w/out progeny. Rev Goldie bred Princess b ’74 out of a Harold’ daughter sired by Lion; Princess was prize winner at Birmingham &  Wolverhampton, but later on exported to the States.

Rev Ralph Owen Yearsley of Sutton Bonnington nr Loughborough bred a litter dd ’70 out of ch Turk’ Chloe sired by Wynne’ Monarch (Norah ex ch King) resulting in Anlaf 2nd prize at Birmingham ’72 & 1st prize at Nottingham ’72. Rev Thomas Charles Hose, b '31 rector of Roydon, bred Runa b May ’73 out of Karnac No 2384 sired by ch Turk’ son Trusty; Runa was purchased by Rev H Bigg, of Worting - Hants, but later on transferred to Major Hubert George Howard Galton, J.P., of Hazdor House – Droitwich, member of the Galton family, famous for industrialists and scientists, including Charles Darwin. Rev Hose bred also Reine b '84 out of Mr Wynne Young King' grandaughter Neva and by Taurus II; Reine was owned by Mr W Rollinson Ash Cottage Seaforth.

Rev Francis William de Castro '35-01 - see pic above at left - of Arley rectory  Coventry, owned Stanley b ’74 & bred by Mrs Mary Rawlinson out of her ch Countess (see drawing above at right) sired by Granby; Stanley got several prizes at prominent shows and, according to Mr MB Wynne, -remarkably similar in head to ch Crown Prince'-; he also owned Fjoldsweider b April ’90 & bred by Rev Van Doorne out of ch Jack Thyr’ dau Fjorda ex ch ch Jack Thyr;  Fjoldsweider got a/o a reserve (4th) in Open Class at Birmingham Dec ’91 and the judge, Dr Turner, reported – ‘Fjoldsweider has a good head and muzzle but was deficient in mask, colour of eyes and wrinkle, which gives him a plain look, more so than his sire Jack Thyr. He has good size and bone, and better legs and feet (a little crooked in front) than most of the class, good quarters and hocks.’ -. Rev de Castro seems to have been a long-term fancier as the KCSB for the show year ’98 mentions him as the owner of Petrarch (b ’95 & bred by Mr AW Lucas out of Sir Stafford’ dau Di Vernon sired by Jonathan’ brother Premier).

'Rev' W Clifford Mellor owned for some short time Sybil b ’75 & bred by Rev WJ Mellor out of Big Ben’ Duchess sired by ch Turk. Note – it may go about Rev WJ Mellor’ brother, Mr (so not Rev) Walter Clifford Mellor, and just like Rev WJ Mellor, son of Colonel Mellor. Rev Robert Christopher Gibson, of Baschurch Shropshire, bred Sept ’75 Vesta out of Emperor’ dau Zoe sired by Monarch’ son Sultan. Rev Henry James Hammond, rector of St Nicholas church Droitwich, b ‘47, bred Oona b ’79 out of Venus (Fenwick’ Jupiter ex ch Punch’ dau Flirt) sired by ch Turk ?? May have been in contact with Major Galton of Hadzor Hall - Droitwich.

Captain J Leonard Piddocke’ elder brother Reverend Morris Piddocke, of Wincle Vicarage –Macclesfield, owned Lady, bred by Miss Brocklehurst out of Noble sired by Lyme Hall Lion – at left - a painting described as  - ‘Lady also known as Lion , one of the last of the breed of Lyme’; the Reverend’ Lady got 1st prize at Burton on Trent ’77.

Rev Russell Bradley, of Newchapel Glebe Clonmel – Ireland, bred Myra b ’81 out of Dido sired by his Caesar (Lion II ex Zura). In ’93 his Cyrus (sired by Dr Lougest’ Napoleon) got 1st prize at Dublin. Rev E Sykes, of Basildon Vicarage nr Reading, owned Zeno, breeder & pedigree unknown… Rev J Phelan, of St Thomas buildings Liverpool, owned King Dathi, breeder & pedigree unknown… Rev Wm Harker, of Evesham – Worcester,  bred Wallenah b ’85 out of Lord Clyde’ dau Laura sired by Dr Renton' ch Prince of Wales; she got 4th prize at Glasgow ’88.

A ‘Rev Harper’ bred Oscar Wilde, 4th prize at Wishaw ’87, - b July ’86 out of Lord Clyde’ dau Rose sired by ch Prince of Wales; note -  ‘Rev Harper’ - perhaps a misspelling of ‘Rev W Harker’ as both combinations are close in time and in parentage! Rev Nicholas P Drewe, of St Edmunds - Isle Of Dogs, bred Maevh b April ’88 out of Kits Freya sired by Rev Van Doorne’ Woden or ch Jack Thyr; two years later he mated Maevh to Rev Van Doorne’ Orlando II, resulting in  Ethna owned by Mr John O’ Connell who mated her to Hidalgo (ch Marcella’ maternal uncle) resulting in Queen Mary who, on her turn mated to ch Hotspur’ son Coeur de Lion, produced Caractacus, on his turn paternal G6 ancestor of the Hellingly’ foundation stud ch Hellingly Joseph.

The last Reverend mentioned by the pre-WWII KCSB was Rev W E Cooke, of The Laurels Tolleshunt D' Arcy – Essex; quote – ‘The winter series of lantern lectures was begun by the Rev WE Cooke, B.Sc, who dealt with ‘Japan’, its people and the country. The numerous slides shown,’ &c – Rev Cooke owned Duke Leofric, 2nd prize Limit Class at Crufts ’14, - b  Aug ’12 & bred by Mr A Arthur out of Coatham Bess sired by ch Brompton Duke.

The Mastiff Leo III  was owned by Mr Edward Viles of Pendryll Hall , Codsall Staffs – quote re Mr Edward Viles - ‘a successful writer of Victorian so called ‘Penny Dreadfuls’, sensational stories of high adventure, villainy and intrigue, which were serialised and published in weekly instalments. His most memorable work was published anonymously in 1863 entitled ‘Black Bess; or The Knight of the Road. A Tale of the Good Old Times’, an exaggerated tale of Dick Turpin and his Highwaymen.The mildly eccentric owner’s pursuits were not limited to writing, the original plans for Pendryl Hall (built for him) show a vast laboratory and dark rooms where he spent much of his time experimenting with techniques to perfect microphotography, the art of shrinking photographs to microscopic scale, a very Victorian preoccupation.’ -

Leo III was born Dec ’77 & bred by Mr FW Hill out of Prima sired by one of the then heavyweights (reportedly 206lb), ie Scawfell - out of ch Briton’ sis Lupa sired by Green’ ch Monarch -. There’s only one KCSB entry for Leo III having won a 3rd prize in ’82 at a  local show in Dudley, ten mls S of Codsall. Hereabove at left Mr Edward Viles 1841-1891 & family; centre below Leo III’ paternal grandsire Mr Octavius Green’ ch Monarch and at right Pendryll Hall.

No 129) From the Records of the Corrie family , AD 802-1899 - Details of the Wynne history being collected by our cousin, the Rev Malcolm Bush Wynne , Rector of West Allington – Grantham who married M A B Sunderland of Coley Hall - Yorks and had issue - a son, Peter & two daughters; Malcolm’ sis Eva  died in 1881 . Malcolm Bush Wynn(e)’ five ancestral generations were - G5 Peter Wynne 1684-1731, Churchwarden of Farnborough (15 mls SE of London City). His son G4 Peter Wynne 1713-’92, nicknamed ‘The Spendthrift Squire of Farnborough’ (see also at left – Farnborough advert dd 1757 ‘To be lett George Inn’ owned by Peter Wynne)  His son G3 Peter Wynne 1747-‘06, esq of Eltham – Kent,  married Mary, daughter of Rev M Bloxam - MA, Rector of Bourton on the Hill;  (see also at right - his epitaph publ in The Gentleman’ Magazine). His son G2 William Wynne 1786-’56 married in 1820 Harriet b ’00 (daughter of Rev Robert Wright b ’72 – MA, JP, chaplain to the Duke of Westminster, and Rector of Itchen Abbas from 1800 until his death in ‘50). The couple lived at Grove Hill–Camberwell in the 1830s (until William lost a large part of his fortune) followed by a rehousing to Itchen Abbas, ca ten mls N of Corhampton, between ’56-’65 parish of their son Rev Robert Wynne.

Grove Hill-Camberwell (see above at left) was formerly the home of physician & philanthropist Dr John Coakley Lettsom (b 1744 British Virgin Islands) until his death in’15; the estate was celebrated for its gardens and contained species of plants from around the world. Quote – ‘Grove Hill stood in his own fields in what was then a country lane. The music-room with its domed ceiling painted with blue sky and pale clouds and its pillars at one end leading into the orangery was Malcolm’ auntie Fanny’ favourite room in the house. All the oranges & lemons for preserving grew in the orangery and the scent of the flowers must have made the music-room sweet for there was always enough orange-blossom to spare for the brides in the neighbourhood. A favourite amusement of Fanny’ was to pick up the fallen fruit and carry it to a steep bank in the garden where with her little Manchester Terrier she would play the liveliest game of bowls imaginable, rolling the golden balls down the green slope and watching the terrier' efforts to catch them until the little dog finally turned head over heels and rolled with the orange to the lawn below. Malcolm’ aunt Fanny lived rather a lonely life as far as other children were concerned, except when her two brothers, Robert & William Chas, were at home for the holidays.’Above at right – EF Holt of Wynne’ youngster Monarch b '67 (Captain Cox Lion/or Hector’ dau Norah ex ch King), probably lying in the courtyard of the Scalford vicarage’ stables; the painting is dated 1868, thus probably commissioned by 'father' Rev Robert Wynn(e).

Malcolm’ grand-aunt Mary Wynne 1789-’61 Kensington married Rev Henry Dickinson 1790-‘56 West Retford. Malcolm’ aunt Fanny Wynne ‘24-‘93 married ‘44 the broker John Malcolm Corrie ’17-’98 of ‘the Elms’ Itchen-Abbas; their daughter Jessie Elizabeth 1855-‘45  authored the historical book about the Corrie family . Malcolm’ uncle William Charles Wynne  1821-‘47 was 1st Lt  of the Honourable East India Company' (Madras) Artillery who in his 26th  year was accidentally drowned in the Straits of Malacca  (between Malaysia & Sumatra). Malcolm’ father Rev Robert Wynne ‘23-‘81 married 3rd  Dec ‘50 in Staplegrove Church Elizabeth Law ‘25-‘82 , b Hythe – Kent, daughter of Edward Bedwell Law, Captain of the Royal Waggon Train (Supply and Transport branch of the British Armed Forces). Above at left – Stapleford Church, centre – Stationers’ Hall (see following alinea), at right – Announcement in The Grantham Journal - February 21, 1880.

Malcolm’ mother Elizabeth Wynne née Law resided in ‘82 at No 1 the Parks – Minehead, some twenty mls NW of Staplegrove. Elizabeth’ grandfather Charles Law 1764-‘27 & great-grandfather Bedwell Law 1732-‘98 held an extensive London’ business as publishers & wholesale booksellers  at No 13 of Ave-Maria lane , a lane also known for Stationers' Hall (see above) , the livery hall of the Worshipful Company of Stationers & Newspaper Makers since 1670. Elizabeth’ grand-uncle Henry Law b 1767 carried on a considerable master printing business in Badger Yard in St Johns square Clerkenwell. Here below – excerpts from The Grantham Journal resp dd April 11, 1903 & March 6, 1909. and a pic of Rev MB Wynne' last residence - The rectory, Bottesford road Allington - Lincolns.

No 130)  The Daily News excerpt dd  June ’75 mentions there were ‘no fewer than seventy Mastiffs’ entered in the Crystal Palace show. The ‘tremendous’ element of pedigree of Mr Green’ ch Monarch b ‘71 may refer to his maternal great-grandsire Lyme Sultan and his maternal gr-grandsire Ansdell’ Leo, reputedly of Lyme Hall descent, whereas his paternal grandparents (Marsham’ Dick & Whynault) were both unregistered.  Ch Granby, b ’71 & bred by Mr LL Pemberton out of Whynault’ granddaughter Dollie sired by ch Turk, was owned by Mr Alan Stevenson de Fivas ’41-‘01, solicitor 46 Bedford row London. The Benison vs Allen case dd May ’79 goes about a litter bred by Mr WA Allen, jeweller of 20 Duke street Cardiff, defended by Sir David Blelloch, solicitor of Windsor Cardiff and also a Mastiff fancier who  bred a litter - see above in the 2nd column - , ie out of Empress II sired by the Wynne’ Young King (ch Taurus ex ck King’ dau Juno).

The announcement dd ’80 re - ‘a new club under the title of the Mastiff  Club’ to do away the ignorant, wilful and gross errors commonly committed, to have competent judges and to settle disputed points that sprung up for want of knowledge of the breed’ may have been a restart of the Mastiff Breeding Club, est ’73 – secretary Mr MB Wynn(e). The epitaph in the 2nd column goes about Mr Lewis Richards Morgan of Mordon House – Rhyl; a report about the dog & poultry show at Rhyl dd Aug ’77 says – ‘The Mastiffs were fine animals, one bitch and a litter of eight pups, one week old, belonging to Mr R Morgan of Mordon House, were the objects of much interest.’ – The tableau of prize winners at Cardiff ’94 presents a/o drawing of Mastiff show prize winner No 8 ch Ogilvie purchased by Mr AD Sutcliffe from Mrs Adelaide Piddocke after the death of Capt JL Piddocke.

The column at right presents the adverts of 1) Mr Gus Bevan, captain of the Fire Brigade at Pontypool, who bred from this Nellie/Beaumanoir alliance, a/o Gelert, paternal gr-grandsire to Mr Shearer Clark’ Duke of Fife, the latter maternal grandsire to ch Hazlemere Ronald & 2) of Mr John Cole, local superintendant of the London, Glasgow & Edinburgh Assurance Co. NB - Peter The Great, b ’79 & bred by Mr Moore out of Big Ben' dau Bijou sired by ch Punch’ son Wolf, was sold at the auction of Dr Forbes L Winslow’ stock in ’84; probably it goes about Mr WA Moore of Arranmore Cavan, who owned Ruby b ’70 & bred by Miss Aglionby out of Martorell’ ch Empress sired by ch Turk’ brother Wolf.  Mr John Cole also owned Pattie' sis  Welsh Duke b May '82 & bred by Mr Lloyd out of Lady sired by ch Crown Prince. And finally an  article dd June ’07 about – ‘A decaying Variety of Dog’ which promotes the character of ‘loose skin on the skull’.

No 131) Mr Richard Morgan 1840-1918 married Jan ‘81 Elizabeth Roberts, daughter of Robert Michael Roberts of Henblas – Bala; their only child, Richard Michael Morgan MA - b ’85 - was lieutenant of the South Wales Borderers. Tanner  Richard Morgan bred Tanner (named after his then occupation) b June ’83 out of Bess unr sired by Wallace’ son Lion; Tanner got 1st prize at Carnarvon ’86 before he was purchased by Dr Lougest of Liverpool who renamed him ‘Albert Victor’ and made him up, winning some ten 1st prizes incl challenge awards at Liverpool, Glasgow, Hasley, Newcastle on Tyne, Bengor & Birkenhead.   Ch Albert Victor died at the end of  1887, his weight was reportedly 224 lb.

At Birmingham ’86 judge R Hood Wright placed him 3rd Open Class – ‘Albert Victor is quite of a different type (ed – 1st ch HM King Canute, 2nd ch Victor Hugo), rather of the St Bernard formation, with immense skull and bone, moves well, slightly cow-hocked, and want of finish.’ At Crystal Palace ‘87 judge Mr Mark Beaufoy gave him vhc and reserve to ch Beaufort in Challenge Class – ‘Albert Victor is a large dog, but not by any means coarse. His skull is enormous, and he has a good body and plenty of bone. His worst faults are a light eye and heavy ears; his muzzle, too, might be squarer, and he is not by any means perfect on his legs’.

Another breed fancier in the tanning industry was Mr John Shaw, of Earle's Fields Works Tannery, Earlsfield Lane – Grantham; he owned Bismarck b ’82 & bred by Rev Mellor out of The Boss’ dau Lady sired by ch Crown Prince. The Earle's Fields Works of Alexander & John Shaw. 'Fellmongers, Leather dressers and Parchment Manufacturers and makers of Skivers, Roans and Basils, Aprons, Plasters and Strains, Sod Oil and Splits', est 1860s.

No 132) Some interesting Victorian fanciers – 1) Mr William Henry Balliston ( so NOT Balleston!), b ’1812 –‘78  Master Commander of commercial vessels,  purchased in ’71 Ino from Rev Bulkeley Jones and may have known THV Lukey via Lukey’ brother, a  naval captain. He bred ch The Shah b ‘73, owned his sis Mona and bred from her Sepoy b Winter ’77 sired by ch Wolsey – see drawing from The Pictorial World 4th Nov ‘77 below at left. Note – perhaps he bred another litter from Mona sired by Dr Turner’ Cedric The Saxon, resulting in Wunna, dam to  Rev Van Doorne’ Hertha b June ‘85. His residence Palewell Villa East Sheen closeby Mortlake was also the living place of  Captain Lewis James Moore, retired Rear-Admiral b ’38-‘81. Above at left - typical Victorian villa in Greater London..     2) Mr William Austin, of Ellern Mede Common Barnet, director of the Rhymney Railway Co, bred/owned Mentor 6371 b May ’75 out of ch Turk’ Nell sired by ch Rajah; Mentor 2nd Alexandra Palace ’77; his sis Norma was owned by Mr Aaron Alfred , provision merchant of Allerton. Above centre – Ellern Mede. 3) Mr John Allen Bindley, 1834-’14 New Street Burton on Trent ‘Bindley & Co Ltd’ brewery & maltings, bred/owned Bardon Queen b ’77 out of Anlaf’ dau Barona sired by Wynne’ Young King ; bred Ameer b ’79 out of Bardon sired by Rajah. He purchased the New Abbey Inn – see above at right.

4) Mr Arthur Humphrey Bowles b ‘49 of Temple Court West Clandon - land agent to William, Earl of Onslow re the Clandon Estate, owned Ben II b Jan ’77 & bred by Mr Hanbury out of Herpa sired by Big Ben, and Baron b Sept ’77 & bred by Mr Hanbury out of Brenda sired by ch Rajah. He was the son of Charles Bradshaw Bowles, vicar of Woking - see pic of Woking parsonage in the centre -

. A sense of crisis developed, and on Lady's Day 1877, a family friend, Arthur Humphrey Bowles, became land agent and steered the ship safely until 1911.  5) Dr Benjamin Owen Meek b ’58  FLS FRMS MRCVS Swinley Hall – Wigan, bred Marmion b ’79 out of Patti sired by Rev De Castro’ Stanley, purchased by the Wynnes and renamed Stanley II; he also bred Madame Granby b ’80 out of ch Monarch’ dau Miss Patrick sired by Stanley. Joseph Meek of SH JP died ’85.   Above at right – Swinley Hall Wigan.

6) Mr George Gordon 'Gee Gee' Hoskins, 1837-‘11, architect of public buildings in the North East a/o mansions, banks, hotels, hospitals, libraries & schools,  owned The Monarch bred by G Aylmer out of Empress sired by Mr Green’ ch Monarch son Marquis. Above at left – his portrait. 7) Mr Paul Rodocanachi, b ’67-‘88  of  Parkside 5 Livingston Drive Sefton Park Liverpool, owned Fury II b ‘84 & bred by Mr Johnson out of  Tigress sired by Mr Joseph Royle’ Sir Garnet. He was the son of Paul Zannis Rodocanachi b ’20-’91, member of the firm of Messrs Ralli Brothers Greek cotton merchants, well known throughout Lancashire. Above centre - Parkside 5 Livingston Drive Sefton Park Liverpool; at right Old Ralli House in Madras – India.

No 133) Mr John Lingen Seager ’47-’99 bred ch Crown Prince’ maternal gr-grandsire Rupert b ’68 out of ch Hales Lion’ sis Brenda sired by ch King’ brother Mr Harrison’ Lion, iow a double cousin to ch Turk. The ‘Mr Harrison’ may have been William Harrison of Waverley House (see  above at right) Dudley nr Birmingham, appointed to judge at Nottingham ’72/73/74 the classes of Bloodhounds, Mastiffs, St Bernards & Newfoundlands- together with Messrs Edgar Hanbury, Malcolm Bush Wynne, John Leigh Becker (bred ch Colonel’ sire Ben) & Lyme champion Harry de Spencer Kingdon -.    Nottingham prize winners at Great Market Place - 72) 1st Rev Yearsley’ Anlaf by Wynne’ Monarch 3rd Miss G Russell’ Langsyne by Miss Aglionby’ Wolf; 73) 1st Mr Green’ ch Monarch  2nd Mr de Fivas’ ch Granby  3rd Mr S A Smith’ Turk (Sloane’ Lord Nelson ex ch Briton’ sis Lufra) – 1st Miss Aglionby’ Empress 2nd Mr F Kay’ Empress 3rd Mr FW Gee’ ch Stella; 74) divided 1sts Mr J Russell’ Lion - pedigree withold from the public*** - with Mr S A Smith’ Turk 3rd Major Arbuthnot’ Vril by ch Punch – 1st Mr F Belchin’ Flo 2nd Rev Mellor’ Duchess by Big Ben.

*** Perhaps Mr Russell' Lion was bred by the Nottingham ’74 Mastiff judge Harry de Spencer Kingdon of Colyton - Devon, an eccentric who probably confabulated the famous saga about Sir Piers Legh wounded in the Battle of Agincourt on 25 October 1415. His Mastiff stood over him and protected him for many hours through the battle. The dog returned to Legh' home and was the foundation of the Lyme Hall Mastiffs. Five centuries later, this pedigree figured prominently in founding the modern English Mastiff breed. A saga probably based  upon a stained glass window  in the drawing room of Lyme Hall portraying Sir Piers and his devoted Mastiff.

The owner of Lion, James Russell, Esq of Dunlevey House 12 Bedford Park Croydon, married at Cambridge '73 Agnes Jane b ’40, daughter of Andrew Cassels Howden, Scottish solicitor 1801-’75 living at Tenby Wales. James Russell was son to Henrietta +77  and John Russell ’18-’64 of Dunlevey House, the latter gifted the land for Croydon’ St Peter churchyard was given by him. James Russell’ mother Henrietta was daughter to James Russell & Jane née Smith of Dunlevey House Co Donegal, JP married in ’25, living in London in ’32, a hop merchant who moved to Dunlevey Ireland where he died in ’48; they owned Dunlevey House, outbuildings, gate lodges and 3825 acres of land.

Rupert’ sis Karnac (owned by JL Seager) got a VHC & silver medal at Crystal Palace ’70 and in ’72 3rd prize together with a 1st prize at Manchester Belle Vue ’69. Later on Karnac became owned by Rev Thomas Charles Hose, b ‘31 of Roydon rectory Diss – Norfolk (’70-’03), who bred dd  May ’73 a litter from her sired by ch Turk’ son Trusty resulting in Runa, successively owned by Rev H Bigg and Lt HGH Galton of Hadzor House Droitwich. Mr JL Seager sold his Brenda 2359 to the Wynnes who bred from her a litter dd ’69 sired by Governor’ son Faust which gave Fabius owned by Miss Hales of Canterbury, 1st prize at Darlington ’72, VHC at Crystal Palace ’72 and winner of eight other prizes at local shows.

John Lingen Seager was born on 8th February 1847 at Stevenage, a small market town - 30 mls N of London city. His family was an established Stevenage family and his father, the Reverend John Osborne Seager of 'The Grange'  (see above at left) , was at that time Headmaster of the XVIth c Alleyne’ Grammar School. The younger Seager was educated at Rugby School, under Dr Frederick Temple, later a famous Victorian Archbishop of Canterbury. He went to Rugby in April 1861 and left in March 1866. When he left he was in the second highest form, known as 'The Twenty', the same form as Tom Brown (aka Rev Bulkeley Owen Jones ’24-’14) finished up in the famous novel. Academically he seems to have been above average, but he was not in the school cricket or rugby teams. Possibly this was because throughout his life he was handicapped by ill-health (asthma). Nevertheless he was a keen sportsman, particularly fond of riding and as member of the boat club he coxed the eight which won the King's Lynn Challenge Cup in Sept 1867.

Below at right – painting by J Johnson 1874 ‘An Old English Mastiff and a Manchester Terrier’, inscribed verso Mr A Ingleton and probably presenting Miss Hales ch Lion at older age and depicted as a youngster in approx a similar setting  incl a Manchester Terrier by Ignazio Spiridoni of Canterbury dd 1867 – cfr Wm Secord’ A breed apart publ 2001 p 102.

From Rugby he went to Trinity College, Cambridge. He became a Bachelor of Arts in 1870 and then became an assistant master at the Grange at Stevenage. Note – it means the 21y old JL Seager bred his litter from Brenda sired by Mr Harrison’ Lion in the period he studied at Cambridge’ Trinity College.  - The Grange was a preparatory school founded by the elder John Seager. In the same year as his son’ birth, 1847, he had given up the headmastership of Alleyne’s Grammar School and bought the Grange, a historic building, formerly called The Swan Inn which had been a famous coaching house and had associations with Dick Whittington and with Samuel Pepys. John Lingen Seager was to remain at the Grange until 1895. For twenty-five years, nearly half his life he taught there, for the last six years as its headmaster, after his father had retired in 1899. But during this period at the Grange he was also active as a priest of the Church of England.

He was ordained in 1875 and in the following years was curate of several churches in the Stevenage area. In 1878 he married Vicar’ daughter Frances Gertrude Newcomen Gleadowe b ‘55 Neston - Cheshire and had fourteen children. In 1891 he became Vicar of the minute parish of St. Mary the Virgin (see above at left), Little Wymondley nr Stevenage. The only thing that we know of his time at Little Wymondley is what was written by his curate there. After Seager's death, he described him as ‘that best of men - the noble character of my Vicar and friend will never be effaced from my memory.'

But in 1895 because Stevenage was too bad for his asthma, Rev JL Seager relinquished his posts as Headmaster of the Grange and Vicar of Little Wymondley and moved to Crowthorne nr Reading, ca 60 mls SW,  and leased ‘Bigshotte Rayles’ from the Marquess of Downshire to set up the Bigshotte preparatory school in a rather small building with no more than a dozen or so. In 1897 he left Bigshotte and became Rector of the historic St Dubricius church - Whitchurch nearby Capt Piddocke’ Cobrey Park - Coughton,  and died there two years later on 18th February 1899, aged 52.

No 134) Cuts which provide different initials for the owner of Rufus , ch Cardinal’ maternal uncle, the initials JR probably stand for ‘Jelle Roelof’ Boissevain, b Aug '50 -son of the lawyer Jean Henry Guillaume Boissevain 1817-1870 , Secretary of the Arnhem Chambre of Commerce, from 1860 head editor of the liberal ‘The Arnhemsche Courant’ and member of a  Dutch patrician family of Huegenots which became quite wealthy by trade shipping and banking. Boissevain & Co was founded by  Jean  Henri Guillaume’  grandfather Gideon Jeremie Boissevain  who became one of the wealthiest  shipowners of his time; the Bossevain shipping company was disbanded in ’82 , six years after his death.

Athanase Adolphe Henri Boissevain, the son of Jean Henri Guillaume’ grandcousin Daniel , founded in ‘75 the firm ‘Adolphe Boissevain & Co’ which introduced American shares at the Amsterdam stock exchange & did arbitrages between Amsterdam , NewYork  & London and in ’88 , together with the Blake Bros , he founded at London the Blake, Boissevain & Co.

Perhaps, thanks to such circumstances , Jean HG Boissevain’ son Jelle Roelof came in a position to contact Frederick George Banbury, member of the Stock Exchange and head of the firm of Frederick Banbury & Sons, stockbrokers and also the owner of ch Wolsey & breeder of the litter containing Rufus & the brindle Princess, the latter dam of WK Taunton’ ch Cardinal. Mr Jelle Roelof made a military career and became a Lieutenant-Colonel of Infantry and passed away at The Hague in 1922.

No 135) The making of Victorian stud pillar Ch Colonel b May ’75.  His maternal grandam Jennette was (probably) bred by a Mr Hebron and owned by Colonel John James Mellor  ’30- 16, cotton manufacturer m Jennette Clegg (of Sparth House Clayton le Moors) and and lived at The Woodland, Whitefield near Manchester – at right  Col Mellor’ portrait,  Jennette was out of Mr Hebron' Una sired by Victor owned by Mr Robert Exley, worsted spinner of The Grange Horsforth via Leeds & 2 New Exchange Bradford.

Jennette was purchased by Mr William Parkinson, confectioner of 2 George street Ashton under Lyne, ca ten mls E, who mated her to Col Mellor’  Ben b ’72 and bred by Mr John Leigh Becker, Manufacturing Chemist of Foxdenton Hall Chadderton nr Manchester, out of by  Sybil - b ’69 & bred by Mr Henry James Champness**  - and sired by Lion (or Lord Nelson) owned by Mr Edward Beauchamp Sloane b ’54 of Hat & Feathers* public house 15 Mason/Swan street Manchester.

*The Hat and Feathers’ (see painting above at left) had by 1863 a new landlord called David Sloane; from 1876 until 1883 the landlord was Maria Sloane followed by Edward Beauchamp Sloane b ‘54 m Apr 1878  Jessie at Chorlton. He was the son of David Sloane and Maria Hunter; Beauchamp usually used as middle name for first born sons of both the Sloane & Hunter families. At right – show prize winners at Brighton Nov  ’76 a/o Mr Banbury’ ch Wolsey – artist Stanley Wilson.

**Mr Champness  was 'St Stephens Restaurant' Proprietor & Licensed Victualler - 10 Bridge street Westminster – see above at left, and bred Sybil out of ch King’ dau Countess sired by ch Turk. Sybil changed hands four times, ie Mr Edwin Nichols (once ch Turk' owner), Mr Rushton***, Mr Sloane & Mr JL Becker.

***Mr George Henry Rushton, merchant  of High Bank Hale Bowdon m Alice Ann,   also owned Rev Rowe’ Leo b ’64 (Miss Hales ch Lion’ older brother) bred by Mr Edwin Nichols out of Sir C Donaldson* Oscar’ dau Venus sired Raymond Prince’ son Quaker.  * Sir C Domville may have been Sir Charles Compton William Domville, Bart ’22-84 of the Rectory House Chickerell nr Weymouth – Devon.

In ’77 ch Colonel (see above at left) was purchased by Mr Martin Parkinson (probably the breeder’ relative) draper of Trafalgar place Ashton under Lyne and in ’78 transferred to Mr Richard Alston, Master Ironmonger b ‘42 of Leigh Lodge Wardle Road Sale nr Manchester winning a huge number of prizes, a/o special for best dog in show all classes at Altrincham ’78 and perhaps his most memorable victory, ie champion prize at Birmingham ’78 beating Mr Breuafoy’ ch Beau. Unfortunately he was poisoned the following year on Sunday 24 August, only few weeks after his daughter Negress, owned by Mr Henry Darlington*, solicitor of Wigan, produced a litter containing a/o Laura purchased by Dr Turner after winning 1st  puppy class at Crystal Palace ’80.

She was renamed The Lady Rowena and produced four litters sired by ch Crown Prince a/o them six champions, ch Beaufort’ dam The Lady Isabel, Orlando, Hotspur and three sisters, unfortunately w/out progeny. * Mrs Henry Darlington b ’52 was son of Mr Ralph Darlington ’23-’90 (see above at right) , solicitor of Springfield Hall Springfield Wigan - Mayor of Wigan ’49-’50. The Lady Rowena’ sis Chloe was Mr Darlington’ keeper whom he mated to ch Crown Prince resulting in Lady Blanche b ’82 owned by Charles Rothwell Leach b ’51, solicitor of 23 King street Wigan; Lady Blanche got two 1st prizes in ’85, ie at Warwick & Farnworth and two in ’86, ie at Birkenhead & Farnworth. It was Mr Darlington’      last KC reg litter;  Lady Blanche’ dam Chloe was sold to Mr Robert Heywood Leach b ‘59, farmer of Morningside Wigan Lane.

From Feb ’78 till his death Aug ’79 ch Colonel sired eight KC registered litters, the last one bred by Mr Alston out of Lufra producing Tigress II, a ‘fawn’ exported to Mr Charles E Wallack of Long Branch New Jersey, descent of a famous family of actors & theatre managers at NY ca 50 mls N.

Ch Colonel was also ancestor of other champions, ie paternal grandsire of  Leo VII b Oct ’81 bred by Mr GW Nicholl out of ch Wolsey’ niece Cinderella sired by Mr Twinings Turk – Leo VII was owned by Mr John William Boyce, b ’47 manager of Speech House -Coleford Forest of Dean  - commercial & family hotel and posting house (see above at left).

Ch Colonel -  maternal grandsire of ch Crown Princess Apr ‘81 bred & owned by Dr FL Winslow out of Negress sired by ch Crown Prince; maternal grandsire of Montgomery b Feb ’82 & bred by Mr J Davies out of Queen (Mr McRae’ Diana ex  ch Colonel) sired by ch Crown Prince; maternal gr-grandsire of ch Ilford Chancellor & Count Orlando.

Ch Colonel’ grandson ch Montgomery (owned by resp Mr James Morris of Oswestry & Mr TW Allen of South Bank House Hereford) sired ch Coombe Baroness and grandsired ch’s  Ogilvie, Lady Florida & Lord Stafford as well as Sir Stafford, the latter maternal grandsire of ch Peter Piper, ch Elgiva and also to Capt John Leonard Piddocke' Maid of The Wye, dam of ch Holland' Black Boy & Am ch Black Peter. Ch Montgomery was arguably ch Crown Prince’ best son  - ‘good size , looks active , moves well , excellent type , wonderful square head , good legs but not well ribbed up and decidly undershot’ - were remarks by different judges

The breeder of ch Montgomery – one time owned by Mr James Morris Union Place Oswestry - was a ‘Mr J Davies’ w/out further references. A local newspaper dd Oct ’81 reports about the annual show of the  Oswestry District Agricultural Society mentions Mr John Davies, of Union House Haughton Ellesmere (see pic at left), winning  2nd prize (15s) in  the ‘Cock and two hens’ class and also Mr James Morris, of Union Place Oswestry, as recipient of a VHC in the ‘Short cow in milk or in-calf’ class. This Mr John Davies b ’40 Selattyn - 3 mls fr Oswestry - b ’40, Master of Union House Ellesmere - 8 mls fr Oswestry, therefore a colleague of Mr THV Lukey, at that time Master of Union Workhouse Bromley. So, assuming in highly speculative terms, this Mr John Davies may not only have fancied poultry but also Mastiffs, a/o owning ch Colonel’ daughter Queen (bred by Mr McRae) and mating her to ch Crown Prince which resulted in ch Montgomery… In any case Mr J Davies’ Queen became soon purchased by Mr Luke Crawtree who mated her to Mr TW Carr’ Nevison (Juno ex Gurth –The Shah x Big Ben’ Mab) resulting in King Bruce b Aug ‘82, a/o 1st prize at Buxton ’84 whilst the challenge prize went to Mr Oswald Knott’ ch His Majesty King Canute.

Note – Mr McRae produced two litters from his Diana unr, one sired by ch Colonel resulting in Zulu - 13m old in pic above at right – owned by Mr L Brandeis of Peeksville NY, Ki Harry & Mr J Davies’ Queen, the other by Mr Henderson’ Prince gave Juna. Quite interesting is that Zulu mated to his paternal half-sis Mr Charles E Wallack ’Tigress II (bred by Mr Richard Alston) produced Monmouth Caesar.

No 136) Dr John Lamond Hemming b ’49, physician & surgeon m ’77 Florence Elizabeth (née Jenner b ‘57) - of Claremont House East Molesey - above at right a typical Victorian House at East Molesey - owned the siblings Placida and ch His Lordship,  b ’77 & bred by Mr E Dingley (of ? Market Harborough) out of Kittie sired by Mr Grove’ Prince by ch Granby Granby – there’s a Mr ‘H Dingley’, of Albert Cottage Wood Green N London who owned Handy – late Emperor II – out of Ventnor ° Hilda ex ch Granby ° sired by ch The Emperor. Ventnor, mated to ch The Shah, gave Hilda III b ’80 & bred by Mr E Coston and owned by Mr AH Taylor, architect & surveyor  of 5 Dogpole Shrewsbury.

His Lordship got two 1st    prizes  in ’78, ie at Darlington & Oxford, 1st  at Bristol ’79 and in ’80 – owned by Dr FL Winslow - champion prize at Dublin and 1st  prize champion class at Margate; after which ch His Lordship was transferred to Mr Francis Leigh Carslake, a brick & tile merchant  of Bridgwater, and winning 2nd prize at Bristol - 1st for ch Beau -. 

His Lordship was considered in Mr Hugh Dalziel’ British Dogs as ‘one of the best’. At age 1 year & 10 months his measures were - weight 1801b - height at shoulder 33in. - length from nose to set on of tail 53in. - length of tail 22in. - girth of chest 44in. - girth of loin, 36in. - girth of forearm, ll in. ; length of head from occiput to tip of nose 12in. ; girth of muzzle midway between eyes and tip of nose 15in. ; girth of head, 28in.

His Lordship’ sis Placida was also purchased by Dr FL Winslow in ’80 and she got an extra prize at Margate February ’80 after which she was transferred to Mr Hugh Lupus Grovenor b '25 – his then portrait below at right   – Duke of Westminster ‘ Eaton Hall – who mated her to Hector II resulting in Dr Winslow' Chester b June ’80.  Hector II b June ’75 & bred by Dr Winslow out of Quaker’ dau Josephine sired by ch Wolsey’ bro Prince (nicknamed Bruce); Hector II was brother to Nina purchased by Mr Edgar Hanbury who bred four litters from her, ie 1) by ch Rajah, 2) by her paternal half-brother Rupert b ’76 & bred by Miss Aglionby out of ch Lottie resulting in a/o Mr Joseph Royle’ Schemyl, 3) by ch Crown Prince resulting in Mr Winslow’ pair Prussian Prince & - Princess and 4) by ch Prince Regent  which gave Mr Mark Beaufoy’Princess Rita & Mr JW Burton’Lady Hullina.

In 1880 he was adjudged bankrupt. October 1st 1884 inquest regarding John Lamond Hemming b 49, Worship Street Shoreditch who took hydro-cyanic acid. Witness had noticed he seemed a little depressed and believed he was in pecuniary difficulties and had been a widower for about nine months. He had two children and would always have them about him. He believed deceased had grieved very much at the loss of his wife. The jury returned a verdict that deceased committed suicide whilst labouring under temporary insanity. Note -Dr JL Hemming also owned Deerhounds, a/o Linda b ’71, Doctor & Nora Crina, Bedlington Terriers, a/o Geordie – see above at left incl a ‘communicated’ Kennel Gazette report about the Crystal Palace Show June ’80 - .

On Thursday 20th November  1884 Messrs Cook & Smith, of 1 Adelaide Buildings - off blue arrow - nr London Bridge, sold by auction, at Sussex House Hammersmith, Dr Forbes Winslow’ entire kennel of English Mastiffs –. ie - ch Crown Prince b ’80 * 180 gs (Mr HG Woolmore) - Lord Byron 30 gs - ch Wolsey’ dau Vaga 2 gs - Bal Gal bred by Mr Clementson out of Wolsey’ bro Prince daughter Lady sired by ch Beau  (Dr Frank Perry – Ashmont) – Black Peter – Chester b ’80 & bred by The Duke of Westminster (purchased by Dr CA Lougest) – ch Cardinal’ dam Princess b ’75, ch Crown Princess’ brother Prince Waldemar by ‘81 (Mrs L Belmore-Suydam NY), Heela b ’78 & bred by Major Galton out of Fury sired by ch Wolsey’ bro Prince, ch Crown Princess’ younger brother Prussian Prince b ‘82 (Mr Mark Beaufoy), Prussian Princess b ’82 & ch Rosalind b ’81 (Winlawn kennels NY), ch Maximilian ‘82 (Mrs Geo Willins) and finally the 3m old Vaga daughter Queen Brenda, purchased by resp Rev WJ Mellor and Mr AJG Cook of Palmerston Park Dublin.

Dr Winslow has bred five KCSB reg litters out of four broods, ie ch Punch’ dau Josephine b ’73, ch The Shah’ dau Elsa b ’76, ch The Colonel’ dau Negress b ’78 (2x) & ch Wolsey’ dau Vaga b ’77. Respective sires were ch Wolsey’ brother Prince (2x), ch Crown Prince (2x) & his son Prussian Prince. From his 1st litter came Nina purchased by Mr Edgar Hanbury who bred four litters from her, respectively sired by ch Rajah (Mr W Watson’ Gretha), by ch Lottie’ son Rupert (Mr Joseph Royle’ Schemyl), by ch Crown Prince (Dr Winslow’ Prussian Princess) and by ch Prince Regent resulting in Mr Beaufoy’ Princess Rita & The Lady Hullina owned by Mr John William Burton'45-'12 - Freemason & teller to the Wine Spirit & Beer firm ‘Brown, Walker & Atkin Ltd’ of Spring Bank Hull -, and breeder of a, reportedly, ‘magnificent’ Mastiff called Sebert '81 out of Champion’ dau Empress (bred by Miss Aglionby) sired by Young King’ son Scalford King.  He won two 1st prizes in ’83, ie at Sunderland & Chesterfield, 1st at Hull ’84 & two challenge awards in ’86, ie at Liverpool & Hull; his brother Rex II was owned by Dr Arthur Atkinson of 29 Osborne street Hull. An advert mentions ‘Hull Mr John William Burton of 114 Spring Bank - India Pale, Strong & Mild Ales & Ports The Brunswick Bitter - The Purity All Is Guaranteed’. 

Above 114 Spring Bank – off black dot - lying at the corner with Morpeth street within the former site of Hull’ Zoological Gardens (1840-1862) nearby  the original ‘Polar Bear Inn’ – off blue dot – a pub once serving the visitors of the Gardens; the blue arrow denotes the actual place of the later ‘Polar Bear Inn’ at  229 Spring Bank.

From his 2nd litter came Luath & Busca, both purchased by Mr Frederick William Gee of The Priory Clare Suffolk. – Nov ’79 he was charged with 'keeping a large Mastiff not under proper control'. From Dr Winslow' 3rd litter came the only champion bred by Dr Winslow, ie ch Crown Princess b ’81 and purchased in ‘82/83 by Mr Joseph Royle. From the 4th litter came Prussian Prince, Mr Edwin Nichols’ Abbot Belle & Princess Florence owned by Mr Charles John Lambe Eames, of Grims Hall Whitstable Kent. 

Below – excerpt of The Fanciers Gazette June 8th ’74 re the Crystal Palace Show, particularly re Dr Winslow Josephine’ paternal half brother Saxon b April ’72 & bred by Mr Fred Robinson out of ch King’ dau Rose sired by ch Punch, full brother to Big Ben who sired ch’s Cardinal & Lottie.  The judge of the day was Rev Thomas Pearce (Idstone) who awarded the champion prize to Mr Green’ ch Monarch, 2nd Mr CT Harris’ ch Argus (ch Turk’ younger brother b ’71), 3rd Miss Aglionby’ Champion by Wolf. Mr Winchester Clowes, Salisbury Square London, bred a litter dd March ’76 out of Empress sired by his Saxon resulting in Esher (renamed Colt) and his sisters Kathleen & Victoria. Empress b July ’74 & bred by Mr GH Fitzherbert out of Miss Hales Fabius’ dau Linda sired by ch Granby. Mr Winchester Clowes ’47-’01 of 1 Belgrave Terrace Brighton  was, according to the census ’81,  a wholesale paper merchant & painter,  living with his Irish wife Ettie b ’54 Sligo in Wray Park Road, Reigate nr London. He was the son of Mr George Clowes, one of the three sons of William Clowes (portrait below at right) who in ’47 took over running the printing company founded by their father, ie ‘William Clowes Ltd’, presently  one of the UK’ largest manufacturers of directories and reference books. 

The Readers Write column of The Fanciers Gazette March 12th ’75 p913 contains a contribution by ‘H E F’ which mentions a/o – ‘We consider there is no type to compare with the Turk strain, his grandson Saxon, by Punch out of Rose, being the grandest (in our opinion) ever shown. We cannot stand a throaty dog or one with a ring tail. You will not do any good by taking as your standard the dog (Wallace) illustrated in Stonehenge. Such a brute would not stand a ghost of a chance now-a-days.’ -

No 137) Lionel – see drawing – was born Nov ’83 & bred by Mr Francis Leigh Carslake, a brick & tile merchant – Greenfield House Bridgwater out of the brindle Zulu Empress sired by his ownbred Fidelis (ch Ilford Baroness ex CP). The, reportedly, 'toy-faced' Zulu Empress  was formerly owned by Dr Forbes Winslow but bred by WK Taunton out of Thekla sired by ch Cardinal; - the Crystal Palace show report ’80 mentioned ~ ‘Amongst the bitch puppies we were much pleased with Zulu Empress ; she is far better , in our opinion , than Laura ‘. Ed notes – Laura renamed The Lady Rowena by her new owner Dr JS Turner; Mr Francis Leigh Carslake ’53-‘41 was grandson to Naval Commander John Carslake (above at left) and member to the Dartmouth sailing Club and later on one of the Directors of the Bridgwater Gas Co.

Lionel became owned by Mr John Lampitt –May ‘88, of The Vulcan Foundry Banbury, est ‘37 - made agricultural implements and milling equipment, a/o a steam engine which supplied the power for the Hunt Edmunds Brewery for 90 years. Lionel got in ‘85 a 2nd prize open class at Warwick beaten by Mark Beaufoy’ Prussian Prince [ch Crown Prince x The Lady Rowena’ dam Negress] while E Hanbury’ ch Pontiff got the challenge award . In 1886 Lionel got 1st prize open class at Warwick while the challenge prize was given to TW Allen’ ch Montgomery ; in 1887 he also was awarded 1st prize open class at Warwick while ch Beaufort got the challenge prize.

After Mr Lampitt’ death May ‘88 Lionel was purchased by Mr Joseph Evans of Salisbury Court London who renamed him ‘Brahma’. He got in ‘88 three first prizes [Ryde , Southhampton & Dover] and the challenge at Brighton beating  champion Beaufort’ son Wodan [bred & owned by Rev Henry Van Doorne] , ch Montgomery’ son Duke Rollo [bred by JW Allen] & champion Count Orlando [bred by OEMC Secretary Richard Cook of Ilford kennels]

At Ranelagh July ‘87 Mr Wynne awarded Lionel 3rd prize in open class and mentioned that ~ ‘ The dark Lionel came well up for third [beaten by Rev van Doorne’ Wodan & Alfgar]. – ‘He is a dog we have always admired. His light eye is against him , and he might be a trifle larger, but is not spoilt like so many by suggesting the hound or boarhound crosses.’ - At Warwick show May ’88  Mr William Weager described Lionel as following ~ ‘ Open class VHC & reserve Lionel has the better foreface [opposite ch Ilford Chancellor’ son Ilford Cato & Mr WK Taunton’ brindle ch Constable] but has a staring , light eye , which must always keep him back in good company.’ - At Barn Elms July ’88 Mr Richard Cook wrote in judge report ~ ‘ My selection for third honours [after Rev Van Doorne’ ch Jack Thyr & Wodan] was the brindled dog Brahma, late Lionel. Here we may room for differences of opinion; he is somewhat small, and has a very light eye; against these defects he has a good square head and muzzle, small ears, well formed body, carried on four as good legs and feet as it is possible to possess, which points decided me in placing him in the position I did [beating Harry Ralph’ Bendigo II sired by Taunton’ Commodore].

At Birmingham December 88 Mr James Hutching of Exeter ~ ‘In challenge class Beaufort , Montgomery & Brahma competed , and I awarded the prize to the first named who scores well as an allround good dog nothwithstanding that one of his eyes seems to be going wrong. Montgomery beats Brahma in size, colour of eye, and in skull, and for his age looked active and moved well, however disfigured by some old scars on his body. Brahma, although he is a nice coloure brindle, and was well shown by Mr Evans, was rather outclassed on this occasion, his chief faults being deficiency of length, a nasty light eye, and faulty set on of ears which are too close to his eye, and gives him the appearance of being wanting in skull; he is rather on the small side, but is straight on his pins, and apparently healthy and active.’ -

No 138) Mr Price Parry ’22-’69, of The Frank farm (see pic in the centre) Tryddyn N Wales – ca 60 mls from Disley - a Guardian for Tryddyn & qualified road commissioner,  bred this Mastiff litter dd ca May ’66 in an era Mr Harry de Spencer Kingdon of Colyton Devon also claimed to breed Mastiffs from Lyme stock. There’s even a joiner (carpenter) called Mr Ben Booth of Thurlestone nr Sheffield who owned a Mastiff called Lion sired by Leigh*’ Wamba (Lyme Hall breed) out of Lord Stamford’ Duchess by Leigh*’ Tiger; he got a 4th prize at Manchester Belle Vue ’69.  In the following decade Rev Bulkeley Owen Jones of Ruthin – ten mls W of Tryddyn - made his appearance as one of the rather few Welsh breeders of Mastiffs, a/o ch The Shah’ dam Ino , Mr Beaufoy’ ch Nero & Mr WK Taunton’ ch Gwendolen.

No 139) Mr HR Clive, of Gravelly Hill Birmingham, bred & owned Prince b ’64 out of Judy sired by Oscar. His Prince got 1st prize at Birmingham ’65 and a newspaper mentions – ‘ It is questionable whether there ever was a finer dog exhibited. There are twelve entries, against.’-2nd prize went to Pilot b 64  & bred by the Duke of Devonshire and owned by Mr W Lay of Whittlebury nr Towcester. The next year at Birmingham, Mr Clive’ Prince got 2nd prize beaten by Mr E Hanbury’ Prince by Governor.’-  Above parcel of an engraving ‘Farm cattle & dogs at the Birmingham Christmas Show’ by Mr H Melville publ by the ‘Illustrated Times’ Dec ’65; the yearling Prince lying in the centre.

Mr HR Clive bred another litter from Nell of the old Trentham strain sired by the Wynnes’ Monarch resulting in Niger, according to MB Wynn, the shortest faced Mastiff except his own British King. Clives Prince’ sire may have been Sir Charles Domville’ Oscar (with, reportedly, a strong suspicion of Wolfhound), maternal grandsire to Miss Hales’ Lion & ch Turk’ dam Hilda. Sir Charles Domville was a notorious Irish landlord responsible for 'The Shankill Evictions of the 1860s’ in which most families living on the Domville estate nr Shankill were forcibly evicted from their land holdings. Clive’ Prince sired Lima, a male bred by the Wynnes out of ch King’ Brenda; Lima got 3rd prize puppy class Manchester Belle Vue.

The book ‘John Henry Clive 1781-1853’ by Mr Percy WL Adams mentions a/o – ‘John Henry himself is shown to have an unclear ancestry – said to be the son of Richard Clive, a younger son of Lord Clive, Primus of India. John Henry Clive was a self-made man, he was typical of the rising middle class – industrialist, writer, inventor, a man of many parts.

Above – pic of ‘Clive Musket’ – The Punch line from the Note in the book which we discovered concerns these gunmakers. Henry Clive b ’07 Kingsbury Warwicks, together with John Clive, started a Gun Barrel Works at a Water Mill nr Tamworth and sometime after built works alongside the canal at Lancaster Street Birmingham. Later a Street was made and called, and is still called, Cliveland Street. Later still they built larger Works in Bagot Street. Henry Clive was one of the biggest Gun Barrel manufacturers in Birmingham and his works were spread around, incl Bagot Street (Birmingham centre) & Lichfield Road (Gravelly Hill area). Henry was a man of some means, probably inheriting estate from his father, Thomas Clive of Legge Street Aston nr Birmingham. Henry ’07-’63 was a serving Master of the Gun Barrel Proof House in Birmingham.’ –see entrance above at right.

According to the KCSB the Birmingham 1st prize winner Prince was owned by Mr HR Clive of Gravelly Hill Birmingham but a substantial number of newspapers reporting the then Birmingham state that this Prince was owned by Mr RH Clive, so not HR! Other newspapers mention Mr Robert Henry Clive of Salford House Gravelly Hill as barrel gun maker. The Leamington Spa Courier Warwicks dd 8 Aug 1874 mentiond – ‘Births - On Saturday last, at Salford House, Gravelly Hill, the wife of Robert Henry Clive, of a son. Mr Robert Henry Clive was son to Mr Henry Clive ’07-’63.

No 140) Birmingham show prize winners in the 1860s. ’60 Mr Edgar Hanbury’ Empress Highworth Wilts - ’61 1st Mr Henry Cautley’ Quaker – Crossley Hall Morley – 2nd Mr E Hanbury’ Empress- 3rd Mr E Hanbury’ ch Duchess - ’62 1st Mr E Hanbury’ ch Duchess – 3rd Mr E Hanbury’ Empress - ’63 1st Rev Chas Wm Holbech’ Tiger, a ‘magnificent big limbed dog’ - 2nd Mr William Henry Hollister’ Lion – brewer & spirit merchant Steam Brewery Wellington Road The Hill Perry Barr Handsworth – 3rd Mr James Hinks’ Tiger of Phillips Street Birmingham - ’64 1st Mr E Hanbury’ ch Duchess – 2nd Mr E Hanbury Prince by Governor 3rd Mr William Barker’ Tiger -’

65 1st Mr RH Clive Prince b June ’64 2nd William Lay’ Pilot b May ’64 – Lincher Lodge Whittlebury – 3rd Mr Chas EA Lloyd’ Rose – Stone House Bosbury, Rose bred by Mr Edgar Dunn – saddler & harness maker of Digbeth Birmingham.  – Commended Mr Philip Williams’ Tiger – a MA, JP and landowner residing at Hinstock Hall (see above at right) Market Drayton -’66 1st Mr Edmund Field’ ch King - Field’ Candle Works Lambeth London -  Lambeth London -  bred by  Mr  John Kingsford Field - 2nd Mr RH Clive’ Prince – ’67 1st Mr Chas Bamford’ Wolf – Impington Hall Cambridge – ’68 1st Mr Edmund Field’ ch King - 1st Mr Chas Bathurst’ Juno - ’69 1st & extra prize Mr E Field’ ch King – 1st Mr Frederick William Gee’ ch Stella - 2nd Mr Edwin Nichols’ Sultan by Turk - 10 Holland Terrace Kensington London.

Note –Mr FW Gee’ ch Stella was formerly owned by Mr Adrian Byron Ashford, surgeon of 10 Sandringhams gardens Ealing, who bred two litters dd ’69 sired by ch Turk, ie Grace out of ch Stella, and Sultan b ’69 out of Di  - bred by Mr THV Lukey out of Nell sired by Bill George’ Tiger. The same year Mr AB Ashford went bankrupt. June ’72 Mr AB Ashford, together with Mr Sam Handley, judged Mastiffs at Crystal Palace – ch winners were ch Turk & his daughter Wallace’ Juno (out of Bathurst’ Juno) - other prize winners were Mr EC Nicholson’ Lion by ch King, Miss Hales’ Fabius bred by the Wynnes and in puppy class Mr James Waddell’ Bruce out of ch King’ dau Grand Duchess ex ch Turk’ son General Prim.

Some years later - 15 June 1876 - Bradford Observer – ‘On Tuesday, Dr Hardwieke, coroner for Central Mlddlesex. held a long inquiry at the Queen's Arms, Haverstock Hill, concerning the sudden death Adrian Byron Ashford, aged forty-five, gentleman of independent means living at 111, Queen's Crescent, Haverstock Hill – London. His death took place under unexpected and distressing circumstances.  The evidence showed that the deceased had suffered from liver complaint and has met with his death London through taking an overdose of chloral.' -

The breeder & owner of Birmingham ’63/64 3rd prize winner Tiger, James Hinks (see above at left) ‘29-‘78 was born in the city of Mullingar - county town of Westmeath, one of the poorest places in Ireland. By around 1851, the Hinks family had moved to Birmingham, an industrial town described as - ‘an immense workshop, a huge forge, a vast shop. One hears nothing but the sound of hammers and the whistle of steam escaping from boilers.’ - Not surprisingly James began his career as a brass founder, more than 3,500 people were working in Birmingham’ foundries and living in small, dark workers’ houses with poor sanitation and shared by several large families. Hinks became a ‘higgler’ – trader - & poultry dealer. These professions were obviously a little higher up the social lader, because Hinks became a registered trader in the Market Hall and was also breeding foreign & domestic birds and rabbits. His Bulldog ‘Old Madman,’ was born in 1855, so apart from birds, rabbits & poultry, he became a dog breeder & dealer.

Only later, in the mid-1860s,  he was listed as a ‘bird and dog dealer’ in a Birmingham street directory. In 1865, the Hinks family moved to 53 Worcester Street (see above in the centre), taking over the Sportsman Alehouse - address from the “Great Annual Exhibition of Sporting and Other Dogs” show catalogue. As a dog dealer, Hinks sold many breeds – Mastiffs, Pointers, Bloodhounds, King Charles Spaniels, Pugs, Black and Tan Terriers, Dalmatians & Italian Greyhounds – but Bulldogs & Terriers were his favourites.

Mr James  Hinks was a Birmingham publican, a handsome man. Tall, well built with vivid blue eyes, and a reach which made any men think twice about getting within range of those thick fists. His pub was at the corner of Worcester street  and Bell street. Fishmongers dropped in there for their breakfast, but Hinks also drew the young bloods, the county, the sporting gentlemen who drove up from London to be allowed, by ticket only, to visit the famous kennels behind his pub. He was famous for his dogs. He bred every type of dog from Pugs, Toy Terriers Yorkshires and Dandy Dinmonts to Bulldogs, Dalmatians and Mastiffs. Above all he was noted for his fighting dogs.. - Note – After Mr Hinks’ Tiger received the Birmingham 3rd prize he was purchased by Mr William Barker, 'builder' of Church lane (see at left) Handsworth.

No 141) One of the oldest Mastiff fanciers, if not the oldest, was silk mercer William Henry Watts ’25, Mayor of Liverpool, JP & President of the Northern English Mastiff Club. Ch Peter Piper’ owner aside, he was the only breeder who has bred litters by Peter Piper, the last KCSB registered one in ’99 at the age of 74. Between 1874-1905 he resided at  Elm Hall Allerton Road Wavertree, an estate of about thirty acres, and was very fond of farming and the cultivation of flowers, a/o owning prize winning Tamworth boars, ten stove & green house plants Chrysanthemums, &c. He lived up to an age of 99.  Quote – dd ‘86 ‘swine fever had appeared on the premises of Mr WH Watts, Elm Hall Allerton road Wavertree. There are 94 swine kept, 19 cattle, and 8 horses. Two swine died of the disease. dd ‘94 ‘St Bernard pups for sale  - high-class pedigree, very handsome, over distemper. Price ?? – Bailiff - Elm Hall Wavertree’.

  Gloucester Journal July ’06 – ‘Whilst walking along Queen's Drive, on the Elm Hall estate Wavertree - Monday, a lady noticed two caps floating in pit. She raised alarm, and the water was dragged, with the result that the dead bodies of youth and a boy were found.’ –

Hereabove - Allerton Beeches, ca 0.7 mile S of Elm Hall, was built for Mr Watts ‘neighbor’ Mr Henry Tate II ‘53-02, 6th  son of sugar refining magnate Henry Tate I – above at right – also born in 1825 Mr Paul Kruger nicknamed ‘Uncle Paul’, President of the South African Republic from 1883 to 1900 and seemingly inspiration for Mr Watts using the name Kruger for a pup out of his last litter whereas other names of his ownbred Mastiffs, ie ‘Uncle Tom’ & ‘Aunt Chloe’ (Tom’ wife) may refer to the anti-slavery novel Uncle Tom' Cabin by American author Mrs Harriet Beecher Stowe 1811-'96 publ 1852.

For comparison the oldest breeders of champion Mastiffs - 67y Mary Rawlinson bred in ’77 The Emperor - 67y Richard Cook bred in ’89 Ilford County Member - 64y Thomas Lukey bred in ’68 Beauty - 63y Zaccheus Walker bred in ’11 Charming Duchess -63y George Cook bred in ’25 Cleveland Premier - 62y William H Balliston bred in ’73 The Shah - 60y John Leigh Becker bred in ’72 Ben - 59y Edwin Nichols bred in ’84 Victor Hugo. Note – The oldest post-WWII breeder of a ch Mastiff is Mrs EJ Baxter ’24 who bred in ’95 at an age of 71y Farnaby Fringe Benefit and in’07 (83y) Farnaby Far from Forceful.

The youngest champion breeder was the 19y old Malcolm B Wynn  (or his father 48y) who bred in ’71 Peeress, followed by the 24y old Dutch gentleman Gerbrand Deetman who bred in ’95 Holland’ Black Boy (his dam already in whelp from Jonathan when purchased from the 58y old Mr Dobbelmann); other young champion breeders were 26y Edgar Hanbury bred in ’60 Duchess - 27y Frederick G Banbury bred in ’77 Cardinal - 27y William N Higgs bred in ’94 Ha Ha - 27y Robert Leadbetter bred in ’01 Czar Peter - 30y Charles C Rice bred in ’90 Frigga Secunda - 33y George Joice bred in ’26 Arolite - 34y Charles Martorell bred in ’67 Empress - 36y Walter K Taunton bred in ’80 Lily II - 38y Arthur W Lucas bred in ’99 Colonel Cromwell & 38y John L Piddocke bred in ’87 Jubilee Beauty.

No 142) Oswald Knott, Welbeck House Katherine street Ashton under Lyne b ’55 ‘master cotton spinner’, bred Bulldogs and owned Sir Guy, Old English Sheepdog of unknown pedigree, in ’81 winner of 1st prizes at Alexandra Palace, Winchester & Birmingham & at the Edinburgh SKC show ’82 where he was for sale at £150.00. The same year he purchased his Mastiff His Majesty King Canute - b Feb ’82 & bred by Mr HG Woolmore – from MR Richard Cook after his 1st prize puppy class at Crystal Palace ’82 and exhibited him frequently until Buxton Aug ’84, challenge prize beating Mr Luke Crabtree’ King Bruce by Nevison – quote ‘a really magnificent animal, and although staged near to Dr. Winslow's world-renowned champion Crown Prince,’ &c. Ch H M King Canute up for sale at Crystal Palace July '85 and purchased by Mr Mark Beaufoy at 140 guineas.

Ch HM King Canute was of then extraordinary size (206 lb) ‘well knit frame, very typical head but rather too much lip, not straight in pasterns and narrow in his thighs.’ He was litter brother to Mrs Geo Willins’ ch Cambrian Princess, dam to Dr JS Turner’ Ayrshire. Ch HM King Canute sired only one KCSB registered litter, ie dd Feb ’84 & bred by Mr Luke Crabtree out of Dora II resulting in 1) Clement purchased by Mr Knott’ colleague Mr Robert Charles Haworth ’43-'20, cotton spinner ‘Robert C Haworth Ltd’ of Marshbrook House 121 Castle Hill road - Hindley nr Wigan recipient of three 1st prizes in ’85 and 2) Lady Canute purchased by Rev Henry Van Doorne who mated her to ch Orlando which gave ch Jack Thyr. King Canute got challenge prizes in ’85 at Crystal Palace (Feb)  & Aquarium KC and 1st prize at Birmingham. In the meantime Mr Oswald Knott married in ‘85 moved to Westover-gardens at flourishing seaside Bournemouth, and deceased Nov ’88 at 64 the Downs Bowdon. Above at left – champion HM King Canute by artist RH Moore, centre Knott’ parental Welbeck House, at right railway poster promoting leisure at Bournemouth.

Note - His father James Knott b ’11, owner of a/o Grosvenor cotton mill, died July ’75 at Welbeck House. Less than a year later a newspaper mentions –‘ The opening ceremony of the Vanity Fair bazaar exhibition - ‘Variety, fair portraits of men of the time’ was performed by Mr Oswald Knott of Ashton-under Lyne. This gentleman giving as a donation £20 towards the Improvement Fund.’ -.

No 143) Anthology of names in alphabetical order ~ Mr Thomas W Allen ‘47, owner of ch Montgomery , a ‘Bank manager’ - Mr George Mander Allender – see above at left - ‘31-’93 of Solna Roehampton bred/owned The Doctor b ’83 out of Di II sired by ch Crown Prince. Entrepreneurial Quainton farmer George Mander Allender, who had been studying the benefits to peoples’ health through hygienic dairy farming practices, knew perfectly well that the milk produced in the Vale of Aylesbury was of a superior quality. In ‘70 his company expanded into new premises in St Petersburgh Place, Bayswater in London. For farmer Mr Allender the story does not have a happy ending. He was murdered while on holiday in Monte Carlo in 1893 after being stabbed during a robbery - Mr Paul Aspinall, b ’48 of 9 Francis Place Shoreditch stone merchant & pavior,  owned ch Punch – Mr Robert Johnstone Auld ‘57-‘96 (son of John Auld) of 18 Grosvenor crescent Edinburgh  owned ch Lottie’ younger brother Benmore b ’76 & bred by Mr Nichols out of Druidess sired by Big Ben.

Mr Robert M Balderstone, of Station road Sandbach,  owned Meg 6395. - Mr Charles Bathurst b ‘37 ‘Justice of Peace’ , owner of Peveril - Mr John William Boyce of Speech House - Coleford owned Leo VII b 80 & bred by  GW Nicholl out of Prince’ dau Maida sired by breeders’ Tuck. Speech House - commercial and family hotel and posting house, Gloucester road - Mr John Francis Bretherton, attorney of Bewsey Cottage Warrington, owned Lion 5303 & Vic, b ’72 & bred by Mr Nichols out of ch Stella sire by ch Turk’ Monarch - Mr Aaron Alfred Brown ‘53-’81 provision merchant of Hartfield Allerton owned Mabel 6398 b 72 & bred by Dr Sandford out of Tiger’ dau Ross sired by ch Turk’ son Paris; also Vandal b 76 & bred by Mr GJ Hart out of Queen Bess (Langsyne ex Duchess 2366) sired by ch Granby - Mr Wiliam Radford Bryden, architect of Westward Ho – Devon, owned Nellie b ’75 & bred by WA Stillwell out of Juno (probably bred by H de S Kingdon out of Alp ex Barry) sired by Major (Leo ex Jura). A keen golfer who built a/o the Bideford’ Bridge Buildings in 1882, belying the town’ sobriquet of ‘Little white Town’; their high architectural quality is such that they do not appear out of place and are seen as valuable pieces of townscape - Mr David Lloyd Buchanan , Sheffield b ‘57 , a   ‘publican’  [a saloon keeper or the manager of a public house].

Mr Thomas Carr, b ‘20 Hanover street Keighley, ‘reed & heald maker ‘ [made equipment for the separation of the weft thread on cloth-weaving looms] owned Nevison sired by Mrs Geo Willins’ Gurth - Mr Edmund Field , ch King’ owner , was an ‘agent & wax chandler’ - Mr John Cole Cartlett, road Haverford West, owned Welsh Duke. Mr James Stewart Cockerton, b ‘62  London, adress ‘89 Imperial Hotel Bournemouth – see above centre - , ‘living on own means’, breeder of Amalaswitha sired by Rev. Van Doorne’ ch Jack Thyr when a ‘boarder’ at West Lulworth House, Dorset. His residence was at Coneygar, Broadmayne but he died in ’20 in Auckland New Zealand, Mr Francis Marsden Cobb, 1845-’37 of Bank House Margate, owned Chloe II b ’77 out of Dinah sired by Champion’ son Goth. Francis Cobb, 1727-1802, was founder of the family fortunes on banking, shipping & insurance. Brewers Cobb & Co. - Mr George Cook of Cleveland kennels, Middlesbrough b ‘62 , in his younger days a ‘journeyman butcher' just like Mr Joseph Royle of Oldham road Manchester’.

Mr Frederick William Denison, Salthouse lane Hull wine & spirit merchant, owned Zoedone b ’80 & bred by Mr WH Richardson of Eastfield House Holderness Pike out of Charlie’ dau Duchess sired by Hanburys Lion’ grandson  Hector - Mr George Edward Dodson, b ’40-‘06 JP of Ravensknowle Anerley Road – Penge  medical officer of health, owned Inga b ’91 & bred by Dy Turner. Mr Dodson was a member of Lewisham District Board of Works throughout the 1880s and 1890s, Moderate Party member of the London County Council representing Lewisham 1898-1904.

Mr Charles John Lambe Eames, b ’47-’01, owned 1) Sultana b ’82 & bred by Mr Hertel out of Nellie sired by ch The Shah’ son Sultan and 2) Princess Florence b ’81 & bred by Dr Winslow out of Negress sired by CP. - Mr Russell Earp, owner of Kaiser sired by ch Wolsey’ brother Prince, was a ‘member stock exchange’ - Mr John Elwell, owner of ch Taurus bred by Edgar Hanbury , was an  ‘iron & steel merchant'

Commander Royal Navy Reserve and Peninsular & Oriental Steam Navigation Co Mr Henry Collingwood Fenwick b ‘49 Newcastle upon Tyne emigrated to Transylvania North Carolina USA in 1886 of Romulus Terrace Gateshead nr Newcastle on Tyne owned Mons. Meg b ’76 & bred by Mr JR Furness of Newcastle out of Meg sired by Mr Green’ ch Monarch. Mr RM Balderstone, of Station road Sandbach,  owned Meg 6395. - Mr Joseph Frame Fletcher, a flour merchant, owned Lady Love b ’76 & bred out of ch Monarch’ dau Norma sired by ch The Shah - Alexandra ’79 1st

Mr Frank Graham, of 13 Market Place South Birkenhead - reputed breeder of cage birds a/o Canaries, owned the brindle Gwalior (ch Pontiff’ brother) and ch Crown Prince’ maternal aunt Githa b ’75 by ch The Shah out of  Rhoda, the latter out of ch Turk dau Venus sired by Ida’ brother Rupert (ch Wolsey’ brother Prince ex ch Lottie). - Mr JW Grovenor, publican of Blade Bone Bethnal Green owned Jumbo II b ’81 & bred by Mr J Banks out of Mab sired by ch The Shah’ son Pluto.

Mr John Munton Jaffray b ’53-’06 – son of a JP of The Stydd House – see above at right -   Lyndhurst Hants owned Scawfell in ’79. - Mr Walter Jefferies b 62, a ‘stone mason for vestry’ , breeder & owner of Bulldog champion Rodney Stone who was sold for a record price of thousand guineas at the turn of the century - Mr Henry Cuthbert Joplin,  1860-’28 of Grasmere Park Huyton nr Liverpool and son of Henry, brewer of Joplins Ales Brewery 106 to 200 London Rd Liverpool. Mr Henry C Joplin owned 1) the dark brindle Vulcan II b ’74 & bred by J Lampitt of Banbury out of Barry’ dau Bess sired by ch Rajah, 2) Snowball b ’81 & bred by Rev Mellor out of Hugh’ dau Belle sired by ch Cardinal, and 3) Lancelot b ’81 & bred by Mr James Morris out of Vaga sired by ch Taurus.

Mr Thomas Hampton, of Home Cottage, Crabtree, Sheffield – partner of Ellen Iron and Steel Company,  owned Lion unknown  Birmingham 2nd prize ’74. - Miss Anna Jane Harris ’36-’00, of Oxton Hall nr Leeds - dau of Mr Alfred Harris of Harris Bank, bred Hector b July ’73 out of ch Turk’ dau Pera sired by Hanburys Lion’ son Hector. - Mr GJ Hart, of Shades Tavern  15 Clements lane London, owner of Queen Bess. - Mr John Hartley, farmer resident in the neighborhood of Staveley. - Mr Robert Charles Haworth ‘44-’20 ‘Wigan Operative Cotton Spinners and Twiners' owned ch HM King Canute’ son Clement.

Mr John Lampitt, of The Vulcan Foundry Banbury, owned Lionel b ’83 & bred by Mrs Carslake out of Zulu Empress sired by Fidelis.The Vulcan Foundry, est ‘37 made agricultural implements and milling equipment, a/o a steamengine which supplied the power for the Hunt Edmunds Brewery for 90 years. - Mr J Batson Lawnswood, of Handsworth – colliery owner a/o The Tantany Pit, owned Ben III b ’78 & bred by W Aston. - Mr Charles C Lawrence of ‘Eagle kennels’ Cambridge Fox-Terriers owned Frett b ’80 out of Juno by Gurth.  - Mr William Benjamin Lovering ’47-81 of Gnoll cottage Tottenham local independent preacher, owned FW Denison Zoedone’ sis Baroness of Park.

Mr Ralph B Vaughan Magenis b ‘49, of Hawthorne Lodge West Derby, owned Lothair b ’81 out of Brenda sired by Turk. - Mr William Thompson Mann 1824-1887 JP,  owned Duke 4444 b 73 & bred by Rev JB Rowe out of ch Stella’ dam Donna sired by ch Wolsey’ brother Prince. He became in ‘53 partner in the firm of ironfounders ‘Fawcett, Preston & Co’ Phoenix Foundry – see above at left - , York street Liverpool. The firm known in its heyday as Fawcett, Preston Engineering, est 1758 by George Perry as the Liverpool branch of the Coalbrookdale Foundry at Ironbridge became an independent Liverpool company and built up an international reputation, particularly for sugar machinery. Its marine engines too were world famous incl the first Mersey steam ferry Etna in 1817 and the President, the largest ship in the world in 1840; it was also a noted supplier of guns.According to his will the value of the personal estate exceeding 151,000 - William Henry Marshall, Market-place, Durham, ’76 , solicitor bred/owned Rob 5309 out of Norah by Grand Sultan by ch Turk ex Grace. Mr Fred Mason, Wallenstein’ owner, boarder Tenby hotel, a ‘Railway contractor’ - Dr Frederick Aubyn Monks 1850-‘17 MRCS LRCP LSA, the son of Edward Monks - surgeon of Hackney, owned Turcoman b ’78 & bred by Mr Cobham out of Rhoda sired by Young Turk’ son Charlie. He received his medical education at Guy’s Hospital, and was appointed Assistant Medical Officer at Hoxton House, Colney House and Derby County Asylums for a time, but then went into general practice at Hampstead - London.

Edwin Ray Newby ‘51–’29 of 32 Rampant Horse street Norwich umbrella & walking stick  manufacturer owned Jumbo III b ’81 & bred by Mr GH Walker out of Abbess sired by Mrs Willins’ Gurth. - Mrs Mary Anne Nickson, widow of Edward Meeson Nickson of Llan-y-cefn Flint, owned Royal b ’79 out of Dr GA Woods’ Raunee sired by Wynn(e)s’ Young King.

Mr John O’ Connell, breeder of a/o Coeur de Lion, ‘Hardware agent  & commercial traveller’- Mr Peter Ormrod b 1796–‘75 banker & cotton manufacturer of Halliwell Hall – see above centre -  Bolton le Moors owned Bess b ’53 & bred by EP Fanders of Brook Farm. His father James was one of the founders of the Bolton Bank - now the Royal Bank of Scotland - and on his death in 1825 Peter inherited the Partnership in the bank. In 1838 Peter married Eliza Hardcastle, daughter of one of his partners. On their marriage his father in law, Thomas Hardcastle gave him Halliwell Hall.

Mr Daniel Rutter Pitt, b ’45 provision merchant & business as cheese factors of Cirenchester,  owned Cleopatra b ’80 by ch Pontiff. - Mr George Cook’ fellow breeder Mr William Price, South Stockton b ‘50 , a ‘grocer, provision dealer & beer seller’ - Mr George Swan Purssey 1860-1928, accountant at Orient Chambers -   of Camden-row, Camberwell owned General b ’80 & bred by Mr G Holmes out of Gipsy Jane sired by ch Salisbury.

Mr James Morgan Radcliffe ’37-’20, insurance agent of Cliffe Villa Doncaster Road Rotherham, owned Colonel IV b ’82 & bred by Mr W Barker out of Sultan’ dau Duchess sired by ch Salisbury’ son Hero II owned by Mr Robt Exley.  - Mr Alexander Raymond, 41-97 editor of the Kerry Evening Post  The Square Tralee,  owned Young Stella 5543 -

Mr Willingham Franklin Rawnsley, 1845-‘27 JP of the Manor House Plonks (see above at right) Shamley Green nr Guildford, purchased ‘Ida’ b ’76 - Dr Turners The Lady Rowena’ maternal granddam - after the death of her breeder Miss Elizabeth Ann Aglionby 1815-’78. Mr WF Rawnsley was the author of several books incl ‘Highways and Byways of Lincolnshire’ and ‘The Life and Letters of Lady Franklin.’ He owned a famous private school at Winchester, ie Winton House. His younger brother Canon Hardwicke Drummond Rawnsley co-founded the National Trust.

The Artic explorer Sir John Franklin 1786-‘47, was his great-uncle who was nephew by marriage to Alfred Lord Tennyson ’09-’92, the latter an intimate friend of Mr WF Rawnsley who was a recognized authority on Tennyson’ poems* Quote - ‘A Mastiff dog may love a puppy cur for no more reason than that the ‘twain’ - archaic two - have been tied up together.’- At right - Lord Tennyson and his Mastiff by Mr Briton Riviére 1840-20.

Mr Richard Grubb Ridgway, 1846-17, butter merchant of Riverview House, Waterford, County Waterford, owned Duchess 5322. - Mr Charles William Roberts, 1852-’06 solicitor of Carnavon owned Welsh Lion b ’81 & bred by Mr Richard Morgan out of Bess sired by breeders Wallace. - Charles A Rowe b ‘67 owned Boss b ’94 & bred by Mr Hutchings out of Exeter Beatrice sired by Exeter. Around 1880 the Rowe Brothers & Company commissioned Herbert Jones, a Bristol based architect to design and build a lead rolling works at Canons Marsh wharf in Bristol's floating harbour. The Company originally started in nearby Exeter manufacturing and selling brass and sanitary ware. In the first 2 years of the 20th  c a rail yard was built on Canons Marsh giving direct rail access and led the Company to expand their operation taking over the nearby timber yard and marble works to manufacture brass and sanitary ware and then added a glass works around 1930. In Bristol two Rowe brothers, Henry & Samuel plied their trade. Both were staunch Methodists as befits their Cornish ancestry. In business Henry was the more successful. - Mr George Winstanley Rowley, 1863-’24 of Laburnum House Netherton, owned Vesta II b ’82 & bred by Mr J Hay out of Taylors Ben’ dau Juno sired by Nevison.

Mr William Morton Stanley ‘40-‘24 of Redditch, bred/owned Tiger b ’74 out of Nichols Sultan’ dau Venus sired by Governor General. He was a rich factory (London Works) owner successful in the town' fish hook & needle industry and retired to Upper Grinsty and lived the rest of his life there. Redditch’ Morton Stanley Park (forty acres) was created on land at Upper Grinsty Farm, bought in 1913 by William, to fulfil the terms of his will. - Mr William H Sturgess, commission agent of Longton nr Stoke on Trent.

Mr Arthur Henry Taylor, architect of Dogpole Shrewsbury  owned Hilda III b ’80 out of ch Granby’ dau Ventnor sired by ch The Shah. - Mr Thomas Richard Plumbe Tempest 1796-’81 Colonel in Her Majesty's Army of Tong Hall (ca ten mls from Bingley). Bred also pointers. - Mr Edwin  Davies  Tyrer , Sheffield b ‘53  ,  owner of ch Ilford Chancellor’ son King Hall , a 'pawnbroker’ [one who makes loans on personal effects that are left as security] -

Miss J E Walker of 48 Pembroke road Clifton Bristol bred/owned Jew b ’80 out of ch The Shah’ dau Donna sired by Leolinus (bred by Rev Mellor Duchess/Prince). - Mr William Joseph Warhurst, of Portland Place Stalybridge, owned Lady Hermita b ’87 died ’88, bred by Mr Batholomew out of Trojan’ dau Gipsy sired by ch Pontiff’ son Lion; owned ch Carshalton Prince’ sis Lady Mortimer b ’88 & bred by Mr WK Taunton out of ch Griselda’ sis Lady Doughty (ch Orlando x Phoebe) sired by ch Hotspur. Perhaps Lady Mortimer is behind Mr Joseph Royle’ Stalybridge Lena who produced Lady Piper b ’95 and sired by champion Peter Piper. –  Mr Edward Spawforth Warrin b ’47 of The Beeches Redditch living on own means - son of Joseph Warrin of 6 Church Green East Redditch - needle manufacturer,  owned Lion b ’70 & bred by Mr Swain out of Earl Caledon’ Vesper sired by Lord Middleton’ Lion and Tiger b ’73 & bred by Mr F Heinzmann out of ch Turk’ sis Beldam sired by Hanbury Prince’ grandson Exley Victor.- Mr William Hacket Wilcox, b ’33 a ‘merchant’ clerk’ of Temple street Bilston, owned Turk V b ’79 & bred by Mr WM Fuller out of Governor General’ dau Meg sired ch Turk’ son Turk II.  - Mr Stephen Wrathall Wildman, b ’54-‘92 of Priestthorpe-terrace Bingley - ,  owned Young Victor b ’76 & bred by Col Tempest out of Rose sired by Heinzmann’ Crib. Owner of Newfoundland champion Leo (Cassell’s). Also died at Sidney NSW Australia. -George Nevile Wyatt b ‘50-‘91 Champaran, Rangoon, India, Indigo planter like his father,  residing at Dulwich Common (later of Lake House, Cheltenham) - owned in ’76 Druidess b ’70 & bred the Wynn(e)s, purchased by Mr Nichols (who bred two litters from her, ie by Big Ben & ch Granby) and Duchess b ’72 & bred by Mr Nichols out of Ursa sired by Big Ben. His grandfather George Nevile Wyatt 1775-’61 was a Surgeon HEICS who emigrated to India. Mr George Nevile Wyatt ’50-‘91  left a personal estate valued £26,126.

144) Mr François Hubertus (Herbert) Lenders,  peasant’ son b ’40 Elen - ‘Op de kapel’ 20 Ophoven - Limburg – of Chapel House at Perry Vale (see street views incl Fire Station above at left) Forest Hill ca seven mls S of London city, owned ch Turk’ younger brother Turco b ‘70 who got 3rd  prize at Crystal Palace ’71, then owned by Mr J R  Field (probably ch King’ breeder John Kingsford Field) – BOB Miss Hales’ ch Lion b ’66, special prize Mr Lindoe’ Druid - 1st Mr P Aspinall’ ch Punch, 2nd Mr TW Allen’ Paris  - ch Turk’ son ex Juno – Mr AB Ashford’ Hector ex Di -. Mr WK Taunton claimed in Cassell’ New Book of The Dog’ publ ca 1900 – ‘At the Crystal Palace in 1871 as many as sixty-three Mastiffs on show, forming a line of benches of two hundred yards long, and not a bad one among them.’ Mr Lenders’ Turco got also 1st prize at Edinburgh ’72, 2nd  Mr J Shepherd’ Knight Templar, 3rd Lieut Dunbar’ Duke of Edinburgh. December 9, 1871 Illustrated London News The Birmingham Show - champion prize Mr Bathurst’ Peveril – 1st Mr Hanbury’ ch Rajah, 2nd Miss Hesketh’ Nero - Mr Wynne’ Monarch, Mr Lindoe’ Druid, Mr Wynne’ King II, Mr J Morley’ Fred, Mr JF Norris' Wallace, Mr Francois H Lenders’ Turco, and Mrs Cunliffe Lee’ Monarch were highly commended. Among the bitches 1st Mr E Hanbury’ Queen, made a splendid début.

Dec 2, 1871 - York Herald - have hitherto been entered as ‘pure St Bernards’, and have a distinctive form and characteristic. This year Mr Francois Lenders, of Chapel House at Perry Vale (see street view above at left) Forest Hill London, exhibited a pure bred Mount St Bernard ‘Russ’ which there can be no doubt is the most magnificent…’ Nov 27, 1871 - Birmingham Daily Post – ‘In the rough coated class this year he has been beaten by Mr Lenders, of Forest Hill London, who exhibits perhaps the finest dog ever seen in this country. It is said to have been recently imported.’ ‘Russ’ b 10th May ’70 imported from the Swiss frontier; he belonged to a Swiss farmer and was bred from two pure St Bernards; he got 1st prize rough coated open class at Birmingham ’71 (2nd Sir C E Isham’ Leo) under Captain Garnier of Ware Herts and was also entered there in ’74.

Another one was his ‘Alp’ who got a HC at Crystal Palace ’74 - Open class 1st Mr JH Murchison’ Alp 2nd Mr DE Seton’ Moltke 3rd HRH the Princess of Wales’ Hope, 4th Mr JH Murchison FRGS’  – VHC - Francois Lenders’ Russ, HC - Francois Lenders’ Alp, Mr Fred Gresham’ Hector.

The Pomeranians were a small class, but they were very good. Mr Francois Lenders' Fritz, a black Pom imported from Germany, and Mr Oldham' Charley, the winners at Sydenham and Birmingham in 1873, were pronounced equal firsts. - Above at left - 'Moral'– taken from ‘Punch or the London Charivari’ 20th  September 1884 .

April 22 1873 at Lewisham marriage of Francois Lenders, Esq of Forest Hill to Angela Jean 'Fanny' b ’49 St Pancras div ’70 d ‘15 Marylebone - daughter of the late Captain James Hugh MacLean ‘60th Rifles’ (King' Royal Rifle Corps) ’15 Ipswich -’55 (being Brigade Quartermaster of the Land Transport Corps – Crimean War) m ’47 at Marylebone Emma Norcott ’22-’93 Banstead     – In ’77 the then Consul-General for Belgium Mr Delepierre b '02 resigned. Dec ’81 – ‘It is stated that Mr FH Lenders has been appointed Consul for Belgium in London’  - having his city residence ’87 at 118 Bishopsgate EC), in 1904 - at 29 Great St Helens – ca five mls N. - December 17, 1884 - London Evening Standard Francois H Lenders of a daughter Mary Jane Helena Maclean Lenders.

Mr Lenders' daughter Mary Jane married in ’02 at St George Hanover Square Mr Richard St George Moore ‘58-‘26 civil engineer & architect of Birkenhead, Hull & London. He received his education in London & Germany and his architectural training in Birkenhead. In 1885 he began to practice on his own account in Westminster and subsequently entered into partnership with Mr FW la Trobe-Bateman. In the course of his consulting work he carried out the design and construction of St Leonards pier, Brighton Marine Palace & pier, the West Hampshire Waterworks, and an extension to Ryde pier. He also designed works for the Brighton & Rottingdean Seashore Electric Tramway. He was engineer for the Paris Gigantic Wheel Gosport drainage Hankow waterworks and the Marlborough & Grafton Railway, and rebuilt Ballinamona House, Co Waterford, for Robert Thomas Carew in ’95. They divorced and Mrs Mary Jane née Lenders re-married in ‘08 at Westminster Mr Charles Humphries ’65-’37 solicitor of Basinghall Street London, and in ’23 at Kensington she re-married Mr Victor Eliahou Elias b Bagdad ’92 - ’76 Bournemouth. Mr Elias was the son of Abdullah Elias (see at right), a wealthy Jewish cotton merchant who moved to Manchester ca ’95 and some years later to London.

 Nov ’89 St James's Gazette - London Mr. Francois H Lenders, Consul-General for Belgium, writes to say that no dead horseflesh is imported from Ipswich to Antwerp, as suggested. November 8, 1890 - London Daily News London - Indicted for stealing five diamond rings, a gold watch & other articles, value £4000, in the dwelling house of Francois Hubert Lenders. February 10, 1891 - June 5, 1891 - Sevenoaks Chronicle & Kentish Advertiser - That Mons Francois H Lenders, Consul General for Belgium, is staying at the Crown Hotel. Mr Lenders visited his birthplace Elen occasionally, gifted in ’91 communion rails still to be seen in the St Peter parish church and two years later he once again was at Elen to witness the marriage of his niece Cecilia MM Lenders and Mr Petrus Roebroeck. - Sept  ’95 Surrey Mirror Reigate - Francois H Lenders was summoned for allowing a large St Bernard dog be at large unmuzzled, in contravention to the regulations of the Council. . - Mr FH Lenders appears to have been the first owner of Newstead Hall in Haroldslea Drive about 1902, and he occupied Haroldslea House from about 1905 to 1908. -   Mr Francois Hubertus Lenders died in ’14 at Hampstead.

In 1908 Mr FH Lenders resided at Haroldslea  (see above at right) , an old fashioned mansion outside Horley (ca fifty mls S of London city) and was mentioned in a ’08 newspaper’ article ‘The Moat Mystery’- The body of a woman found in a moat surrounding Haroldslea  Horley, the residence of Mr FH Lenders. A distressing tragedy which was discovered shortly before twelve o'clock Wednesday night. The victim was Mrs Rhoda Bath. The inquest on the body was held before the Deputy Coroner at the King’ Head, has since been identified as Rhoda Elizabeth Bath b ’77 of Fulham. She was on visit to her brother who is employed as a gardener by Mr Lenders. This note was found pinned inside the woman’ corset  ‘Good-bye to all for ever. I will not be a trouble and worry, - &c. Mrs Bath, wife of the gardener at Haroldslea, who sobbed bitterly while giving her evidence, said deceased was her sister-in-law, and had been staying with her.’ -Mr Adolphus Henry Cohen b ’57 owned the Haroldslea Estate 300+ acres. His father Julius b ’27  was a Prussian Jew, importer of Swiss watches and diamond merchant. Adolphus was diamond merchant of Union Bank Buildings Holborn Circus carrying on his jewellery business at Hatton Garden Holborn and held lively parties at Haroldslea sometimes requiring the attendance of the police. He died in London 1933, leaving his properties to his wife Ethel and son Nicholas.

Mr Francois Hubert Lenders, Chevalier and Officer  Order of Leopold, resp in ’84 and ’94 (reigning King ’65-09 Leopold II), was Master of  London’ Gold and silver Wyre Drawers' Livery Company,  incorp dd 1693 - the craft of making of gold & silver thread for uniforms or ceremonial clothing. At the Netherland Club in London Mr Lenders, the Belgian consul in London, delivered a most effective speech in French in response to the noble chairman' toast. Quite stunning, a XIXc peasant’ son ensuring himself a splendid career track in diplomacy and perhaps the connection thereto was Mr Théodore Hyacinthe Hubert Olislagers de Sipernau 1787-1861, historically the most prominent person of Mr Lenders’ birthplace ‘E(e)len’  having there his castle ‘Sipernau’ (see above at left) – deputy of North-Brabant in ’16, member of the National Congress in ’30, representative from ’31 to ’35, and elevated to the peerage in ‘41. 

Rand note - Mr Jean-Sylvain Van de Weyer (see at  left) 1802-‘74. His command of the English language resulted in him serving as a diplomatic representative of the revolutionaries. King Leopold I ’90-’65 appointed Mr Van de Weyer his ‘special representative’ in London. He became the Belgian Minister at the Court of St James', effectively the ambassador to the United Kingdom. Mr Van de Weyer later served as the 8th  Prime Minister of Belgium ‘45/46. When Albert Prince Consort b ‘19, escorted by Mr Van de Weyer, came to Bruges in 1839 Joseph Octave Delepierre (see at centre) b ’02 - doctor of laws & archivist of West Flanders – was his guide. Mr Van de Weyer induced Mr Delepierre in 1843, to come to London. In August ‘49 he appointed Mr Delepierre one of his secretaries of legation, and, on the death of the then Belgian Consul, obtained for him the post of Belgian consul. In 1865 Leopold I died and was succeeded by his son Leopold II (see at right) ’35-’09. Meanwhile, Mr Delepierre made his way in society and held Sunday evening receptions until his resignation as consul in 1877. Mr Delepierre made his way in society and held Sunday evening receptions until his resignation as consul in 1877.

Above at left – The present Belgian Embassy at 17 Grosvenor Crescent London – ambassador since ’14 Mr Guy Trouveroy b ’52 – at right - from The Statesman' Year-Book ‘99 - Baron Edouard Charles Etienne Whettnall - Liège ‘39 - Castle ‘Nieuwenhoven’ ’03 - consul-general in Morocco ’84-‘88, ambassador Vatican ’88-’94 and finally ‘Envoy & Minister Plenipotentiary’ at the Court of St James. He was very fond of shooting and photography. Viscount Ferdinand Louis de Beughem de Houtem – Bruxelles ‘61- Berne ’26 succeeded Baron Whetnall as  ‘Envoy & Minister Plenipotentiary’ at the Court of St James.

Sir Polydore de Keyser ‘32–’98, a lawyer and the 1st Roman Catholic since the Reformation to be elected Lord Mayor of London City October ‘87–Nov ’88, a period plagued by the canonical five Ripper victims, ie Mary Ann Nichols, Annie Chapman, Elizabeth Stride, Catherine Eddowes & Mary Jane Kelly found between 31th Aug ’88 and 9th Nov ’88. Born in the Belgian city of Dendermonde nr Ghent, as the son of the teacher Constantin De Keyser ‘01-‘61 who emigrated in ’42 to London where he bought a hotel nearby Blackfriar’ Station. His son Polydore took over the management in ’56 and started in ’72 with the building of a 400-room Royal hotel on the site of Bridewell Palace near the Thames, officially opened in ’74 by Leopold II. He ran it until ‘87. It was mostly used by foreigners visiting London, incl Americans, Dutch, French & Belgians. - De Keyser himself could speak six languages. It depended almost entirely on this clientele for its success, but were also used for large banquets among City companies. He was knighted on 4th  Dec ‘88. While visiting Brussels and his home town Dendermonde in ‘88 he was honored with the production of two cantatas by the Belgian composer Peter Benoit.

The South African Directory ’02 published by The Rand Daily Mail mentions ‘F H Lenders & Co’ Durban - Produce Dealers & Agricultural Machinery Importers. The Rand Daily Mail was founded by Mr Harry Freeman Cohen ’54-’04 , a man with a thousand mining and speculative interests and brother-in-law to Mr Harry Graumann b ’68, 1st Jewish Mayor of Johannesburg. Mr Harry Freeman Cohen formerly lived at Newcastle-on-Tyne and afterwards at Cardiff, where he was interested in the coal & shipping business. In 1888 went to Johannesburg SA, where he became Chairman & Managing Director of Freeman Cohen' Consolidated which guaranteed a quarter of a million of the Transvaal Contribution Loan. He had an immense faith in the deep levels and was one of the first to acquire large blocks of these. – The connection to Mr Adolphus Henry Cohen b ’57 Birmingham – owner of the Haroldslea Estate where Mr FH Lenders resided in the early XXc – is presently unknown. - Anglo-Argentine Iron Co Ltd - General Export Merchants - Hawarden Bridge Works Shotton Chester. Incorporated in ‘02 as ‘F H Lenders & Co’ Argentine Agency Ltd. Re-registered in ‘07.

145) The last documented Medelyans having been destroyed by the revolutionaries of 1917 as a sign of victory over the Tsar Nicholas II ’68-‘18 who was very fond of the breed. - See at left Queen Victoria, her son Edward b ’41 and the latter’ niece Empress Alexandra and her husband Nicholas II at Balmoral ‘96. The Medelyan  was also a favourite dog of ‘Ivan the Terrible’ 1547-‘84 who used them for baiting sports, as well as to impress and intimidate visiting foreign dignitaries. Note – HRH The Prince of Wales aka Edward owned the Mastiff Duchess who got a 3rd prize at Islington ’69 – 1st for Mr Lukey’ ch Beauty, 2nd for Mr AB Ashford ch Stella; the KSCB ’74 mentions ‘the best class that had ever been exhibited’.

Various theories exist concerning the origin of the Medelyanka, from it being descended from Italian dogs imported from Milano, to those that suggest Tibetan heritage. Some authorities believe the name Medelyan is a corruption of  ‘Nedelyan’ used to describe dogs that were baited every Sunday but this theory still requires more research.

The Medelyan Mastiff was a very large and massive dog, the largest examples reportedly reaching up to forty inches in height and well over 200 pounds.

Used primarily as a watchdog and companion, it also participated in annual bear-hunting expeditions throughout Russia. There was also a shorthaired variant, which was more popular among the working class in Russia. The Russian Mastiff is mentioned in ‘Brothers Karamazov’ by Dostojevsky, in ‘Beast’ by N Leskov and in ‘Bulba’ by Leo Tolstoi, where a fight between a Russian Mastiff and a bear is described. Count Bylandt’ Les Races des chiens publ ’04 mentions the ‘Medelan’ aka Bear Hound on p 582  a/o – ‘ A powerful and imposing dog, resembling the Mastiff and the Bordeaux Dog but longer and harder in coat. Colour – dirty yellow or grizzle-red with white patches and always shaded with black or darker colour. Height at shoulder – ca 27 ½ inches, weight ca 180 lb.

No 146) Mr Alexander George Pirie owned the Mastiff ‘Prince’, a 3rd prize at Glasgow ‘71 – 1st ch Hector owned by Mrs Mary Rawlinson b ‘10 of Graythwaite Old Hall Ulverston, 2nd Wolf owned by Mr Patrick Warner b ’40,  JP of Ardeer House Stevenston Ayrshire. Mrs Rawlindon’ ch Hector was out of Druid’ dau Una sired by ch Turk’ brother Wolf, Mr Warner’ Wolf was out of ch Stella or Bill George’ dau Di sired by ch Turk but Prince’ parents are unknown but, taking into account Mr Pirie’ high-class backgrounds, he probably belonged to a similar prominent strain.

Mr Alexander George Pirie 1836-’04 according to the Census ’61 ‘Manufacturer of Paper’ residing at his birthplace Waterton House Stoneywood Aberdeen. He was educated at Rugby School and Cambridge University. Due to ill health of his father, he left .... He was the son of Mr Francis Pirie (see above at left) 1809-‘70, paper manufacturer, and his 1st wife, Euphemia, dau of George Hogarth, merchant of Aberdeen. Aberdeen Press & Journal  dd 10th  Aug 1898 – ‘Few firms Scotland can boast a more respectable antiquity than that Alexander Pirie and Sons, Limited, which may be said to date from 1775, when an ancestor of the present family acquired full possession and control of the small ...’

The Leckmelm Evictions. - 'Leckmelm, a property in the Ross-Shire Parish of Lochbroom, changed hands in 1879. Mr A G Pirie, paper manufacturer of Aberdeen - ca 150 mls E, having purchased it for £19,000 from Colonel Davidson, now of Tulloch. No sooner did it come into Mr Pirie' possession than a notice, dated 2nd  November, 1879, in the following terms was issued to all the tenants – ‘I am instructed by Mr Pirie, proprietor of Leckmelm, to give you notice that the present arrangements by which you hold the cottage, byre, and other buildings, together with lands on that estate, will cease from and after the term of Martinmas, 1880; and further, I am instructed to intimate to you that at the said term of Martinmas, 1880, Mr Pirie purposes taking the whole arable and pasture lands, but that he is desirous of making arrangements whereby you may continue tenant of the cottage upon terms and conditions yet to be settled upon. I have further to inform you that unless you and the other tenants at once prevent your sheep and other stock from grazing or trespassing upon the enclosures and hill, and other lands now in the occupation or possession of the said Mr Pirie, he will not, upon any conditions, permit you to remain in the cottage you now occupy, after the said term of Martinmas, 1880, but will clear all off the estate, and take down the cottages.’ - This notice affected twenty-three families, numbering above one hundred souls. Sixteen tenants paid between them a rent of £96 10s.—ranging from £3 to £12 each per annum. The stock allowed them was 72 head of cattle, 8 horses, and 320 sheep. The arable portion of Leckmelm was about the best tilled and the most productive land in possession of any crofters in the parish. It could all be worked with the plough, now a very uncommon thing in the Highlands; for almost invariably land of that class is in the hands of the proprietors themselves, when not let to sheep farmers or sportsmen. -

–‘86 The Steam Yacht ‘Rionnag Na Mara’ - - Scottish Gaelic for ‘Star of the Sea’. This fine steel screw yacht, 170 feet 6 inches long over all, 21 feet beam, 13 feet 6 inches, was built to the order of Mr A G Pirie, Leckmelm – Ross-Shire & 26 Queens Gate London, by the firm of Messrs John Reid & Co Port- Glasgow and engined by Messrs Rankin & Blackmore, Greenock, with ...” – ’93 ‘railway station Monday morning direct for London. The train, which was a North British Company' one, was hired by Mr A G Pirie (one of the directors) to carry the members of his household, servants, horses, and carriages to the metropolis.’ - ‘94 ‘To-day a cricket match is taking place on the pitch at Stoneywood Honse between a team organised by Mr A G Pirie and a pick from the Stoneywood Club. A number of distinguished visitors viewed the game.’ – ‘96 – ‘On Wednesday horse & pony races look place the park of Stoneywood House, the residence of Mr A G Pirie, the ground for the instance being converted into race course. The sports were witnessed by company of ladies and gentlemen ...’ – Some examples of ‘image polishing’ after Mr AG Pirie’ revenge calling attitudes earlier in life at Leckmelm 1879/80, &c.

His father Francis joined his father Alexander in 1836 as a senior partner in the Stoneywood Papermill. He largely lived at Waterton House (see  above at right) and in later life Stoneywood House (see at left) situated ca 6 mls N of Aberdeen on a fine site overlooking the River Don, and designed in Jacobean style by James Matthews in 1849/50 for Alexander Pirie of Stoneywood Paper Mills – Bucksburn, the largest mill in the area in the late XIX c founded in 1770 by Alexander Smith, the uncle of Alexander Pirie acquired the mill in 1796 by Alexander Pirie who converted the mill to make white paper. In 1802 - the first watermarked Pirie paper, ‘20 - the first Fourdrinier machine is installed, ‘28 - a huge water wheel is installed to provide power, ‘44 three fourdrinier machines working, ‘71 four machines with a width of between 60-78 inches producing writing papers, ‘82 - Alex Pirie & Sons was formed into a Limited Company, ’90 - Union works made more than 13 million envelopes a week. Alexander Pirie papers are sold throughout the world and receive numerous awards at world expos in the XIX c.

In 1946, it became a hostel for trainees in the paper industry and provided accommodation for visiting directors & overseas customers. It is still owned by ‘Arjo Wiggins Fine Papers’ who run Stoneywood Mills. The Aberdeen area is still noted for its paper-making industry, partly on account of the abundant supplies of fresh water in the river Don. Note – Mr Alexander George Pirie’ cousin Mr Martin Henry Pirie of Seaton House Aberdeen owned the Bulldog ‘King Arthur’ b ’71 and bred by Mr Frank Adcock, solicitor of Holmbush House Watford Herts, promoter of larger sized Bulldogs through the introduction of the Spanish Bulldog, predecessor of the Dogue de Bordeaux.

No 147) Mr Patrick Warner b ’40, Esq JP land owner of Ardeer House - see above at left – Stevenston & ‘Ardeer factory’ – see above at right - owned Wolf b ’69 and bred by Mr Adrian Byron Ashford, ’31-‘76 surgeon of Sandringham Gardens Ealing,  who bred two litters in ’69, ie 1) out of Bill George Tiger’ dau Di, 2) out of Rev Rowe Leo’ dau ch Stella, both sired by ch Turk.

Mr Patrick Warner,  ’40 d ’15 at Torquay, was a 5th gen  descent of  Rev Patrick Warner, a Presbyterian Covenanter who was forced to escape to Holland after the Battle of Bothwell Bridge 1689,   bought in 1708 the part of Stevenston known as Ardeer, counting 32 mines. The Stevenston Canal – see above at left - was a waterway in North Ayrshire, built for the proprietors of the collieries, ie Mr  Robert Reid Cunningham of Auchenharvie and Mr Patrick Warner of the Ardeer Estate. It ran from Ardeer and Stevenston to the port of Saltcoats with a number of short branches to coal pits  of the Stevenston Coal Co owned by Cunningham & Warner along the length of the cut.

The two miles long  Stevenston canal was the first commercial canal in Scotland, opened in 1772. Original owner ‘Stevenston Coal Company', principal engineer John Warner, brother of Patrick Warner of Ardeer.  It closed in the 1830s when it was abandoned following the exhaustion of the coal mines and the rise of importance of Ardrossan as a harbour. At the time of its construction it was said to be the ‘most complete water system of colliery transport ever devised in Britain.’ – Above at right the Jubilee Bridge at Stevenston.

The 'Master Gott' was a drainage ditch built by Patrick Warner to reclaim the bogs and lochans at his Ardeer Estate and sections of this were used in the canal. In 1798 Patrick Warner died and on his deathbed challenged the legal agreement with Robert Cunninghame, declaring it null and void. The ‘Stevenston freestone quarry’ belonging to Patrick Warner, Esq has been in extensive operation for nearly a century, celebrated for the superiority of its product. –

Round the beginning of the XIXth c, the only communication routes entering were rough tracks which became impassable to wheeled vehicles during inclement weather.But in 1849 trade took a turn as far as Stevenston was concerned and the Glengarnock Iron Company built five blast furnaces on the foreshore to smelt pig-iron. The site was selected primarily because iron ore and coal could be mined extensively in the district. At the turn of the nineteenth century, steel was coming into its own as a substitute for wrought iron and the pig-iron industry began to contract.

The Stevenston Iron Works was at a disadvantage as the pig-iron produced at Ardeer was not quite the best for steel making due to tile high incidence of impurities in the ore.Although there was plenty of iron ore in the district, particularly around Dairy, the ironmasters had to import ore from Spain and North Africa, particularly Tunisia, to enable them to compete with other pig-iron manufacturers in the county. Iron ore was shipped to the port of Ardrossan and transported by rail to Stevenston.

The blast furnaces were worked around the clock shifts and iron was cast three times in the twenty-four hours, each pig bar having 'Glengarnock' stamped along it. A little more than 100 yards from the furnaces and pig-iron beds were the company's houses, which housed the furnace keepers and the other skilled workmen. They were built true to the tradition of furnacemen and colliers' rows. - In the XXth  c Stevenston was a major base for Nobel Industries and later ICI, whose Ardeer site employed many thousands of workers producing explosives & chemicals.

No 148) The photograph (above at right), claimed to be taken in 1901, presents the Bull Mastiff Craigerne Premier owned by Mr J Morton W Gibson of Craigerne Coatbridge. It may go about Mr James Morton Wotherspoon Gibson, b ’99 - Painter and Glazier, residing at  11 Lefroy Street, Coatbridge (ten mls E of Glasgow) and trading under the name of ‘William Gibson & Son’ - Painters and Glaziers – at 9 Academy Street (see blue arrow above at left - in the distance the landmark turret of Coatbridge'  Carnegie Library), whose estates were confiscated in 1941, nine years after the death of his father William Gibson b ’66 and married to Agnes Davies in ’98 at Liverpool. His father William Gibson was the son of James Gibson and Catherine Wotherspoon.  - Or it does not go here about this particular ‘Mr James Morton Wotherspoon Gibson’ or the date (1901) of the photograph is incorrect  as he was born in ‘99 The Edingburgh Scotsman dd 28 Feb ’35 – ’35 – Glasgow Dog Show held in the Kelvin Hall yesterday. There were 3330 entries which constituted a record for Scotland. Prize list Bull Mastiffs -  Dogs – 1st Mr John Gibb of Motherwell, 2nd Mr James Morton W Gibson of Craigerne Coatbridge, 3rd Mrs Jean Bamsay 14 Craigleith Gardens Edinburgh.

No 149) George Romney 1734-1802 was the most fashionable artist of his day , painting many leading society figures incl his artistic muse Emma Hamilton 1765-‘15, mistress of Lord Horatio Nelson killed at the Battle of Trafalgar 1805. Romney was born in Beckside in Dalton-in-Furness  - ca 15 mls SW of Windermere Lake - as the son of a wealthy cabinet maker. In 1756, Romney married Mary Abbot, the daughter of his landlady of Kirkland Kendal. Six years later he parted from his wife, son & daughter to seek his fortune in London where he stayed until 1799 . Throughout the separation he maintained contact with his family at Kendal and financially supported them but they never lived with him in the capital. In ‘64 he travelled to Paris for a few weeks to study the works of the old masters. In ‘65 he again won the second prize of 50 guineas in the Royal Society of Arts competition. According to Romney’ friends he was awarded the 2nd  prize of fifty guineas but this was later to reduced to twenty-five guineas on questionable ground . It is said that Sir Joshua Reynolds himself was the prime mover behind this decision, a fact which may have accounted for the life-long aversion of the two men for each other. In ‘68 he made the acquaintance of Richard Cumberland, so helpful in introducing him to influential patrons.

1769 was a breakthrough year he exhibited a large portrait of Sir George Warren & family at the Free Society of Artists which was greatly admired and helped to lay the foundations of his future popularity. In 1770 he started to exhibit his work at the Chartered Society of Artists rather the rival ‘Free Society of Artists’. By 1772 Romney was financially secure enough to make the journey to Italy to study the great artists of the past as he had always intended. A letter of introduction allowed him to meet the Pope Clement XIV who allowed him to set up scaffolding in the Vatican to study the frescoes of Raphael. He spent 18 months in Rome making studies & sketches of the great art works on view there. He returned to London. On his return  Romney moved to Cavendish Square in a house formerly owned by noted portraitist Francis Cotes. He was considerably in debt. Fortunately he was offered commissions by the Duke of Richmond & his circle of friends which helped turn the tide of fortune permanently in the artist' favour . 1782 was the beginning of an important new chapter in Romney' life, for in that year he was first introduced to Emma Hamilton. He painted over 60 portraits of her in various poses, sometimes playing the part of historical or mythological figures. In the summer of 1799 his health was broken and after an absence of almost forty years , Romney returned to his wife Mary in Kendal. She nursed him during the remaining two years of his life until he died in November 1802 . At right – Portrait of ‘Mary Rawlinson’ by George Romney dated ca 1760, thus not the Mastiff fancier Mrs Mary Rawlinson.

His son Reverend John Romney 1757-‘32 , authored ‘Memoirs of the Life & Works of George Romney’ and commissioned to build Whitestock Hall (see above at right) on grounds purchased by his father. The Reverend lived there from 1806 , so it’s quite plausible his daughter Mary, the well-known Mastiff fancier, was born at that place.

The Reverend’ daughter Mary Rawlinson married John Job Rawlinson 1798-’64, barrister at law & assistant tithe commissioner, who built ca 1830 Graythwaite New Hall (see below at left) to the South East of the Old Hall with a commanding a view over Windermere Lake and ca three mls from Rev Romney’ Whitestock Hall. John Job Rawlinson was the only surviving son of the late William Rawlinson Esq of Graythwaite and descent from a very ancient Lancashire family of which was Sir William  Rawlinson , one of the Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal - used to symbolise the Sovereign' approval of important state documents . The Graythwaite Estate, formerly amounted to about 1500 acres, was originally held by customary freehold of the Abbey of Furness in common with nearly all the holdings in Furness.  In the XIVth  c  the Estate belonged to the family of Sawrey , the main branch being established at Plumpton Hall Ulverston. It then passed by marriage to the Rawlinsons.

Low Graythwaite Hall is also part of the Estate. There’s a beam of wood, which can be drawn out from the wall and inserted into a niche in the opposite side of the main front door. A precaution against intruders, very necessary being so near the Scottish border. Behind Low Graythwaite Hall are the archery butts. The target would have been placed in the clearly defined dips in the little hillock on the left hand side of the fell track and the archer would have stood on another little hillock on the right hand side of the track. There is a horn dd 1797 at Graythwaite Hall which used to be presented to the winner of the archery contests. John Job Rawlinson’ heir was eldest son Major William Sawrey Rawlinson ’35-‘75.

Five years after her husband’ death, Mrs Mary Rawlinson purchased her 1st KCSB recorded Mastiff, ie ch Hector b June ’69 & bred by Miss Aglionby out of Bathurst Druid’ dau Una sired by ch Turk’ brother Wolf owned by Miss Elizabeth An Aglionby of Hawkshead, ca five mls N of Graythwaite - Ulverston.

Hector got at Glasgow 1st in ‘71 (see above in the centre), 2nd in ’72 beaten by ch Turk, and at Manchester Free Trade Hall ’73 1st champion class beating ch Turk.

Her famous Countess was purchased from Mr Chas Curtis ’40-‘04 - Sheriffs officer, auctioneer & estate agent of 8 Princess Royal terrace Scarborough who also owned her sis Duchess,  b ’72 & bred by Mr James Morris of Oswestry out of Old Flora (claimed of Lyme Hall strain)  sired by ch Turk’ son Sultan. Ch Countess (see drawing at right) got at Oswestry ’72 1st & extra cup, and in ’73 1st prizes at Crystal Palace & Manchester Free Trade Hall.

Mrs Mary Rawlinson bred two litters from her ch Countess – in ‘74 sired by ch Turk/Pemberton Dolly’ son ch Granby producing Stanley, acc to Mr Wynne ‘quite similar in head to ch Crown Prince’ and in ’77  sired by ch The Shah resulting in her ch The Emperor, purchased in ’80 by Mr Joseph Evans of London  after the ‘troublesome’ litter containing ch Crown Prince & ch Prince Regent whereby Mr Wm Burnell’ Young Prince was KC registered as having been the sire instead of The Emperor, at that moment residing in the Wells road’ kennels of Mr Wm Burnell – Shepherds Bush – London. At left – Mrs Geo Willins’ ch Maximilian b ’83 & bred by Mr HG Woolmore out of  Merlin sired by ch The Emperor.

No 150) Mrs Geo Willins ’37-‘88, of Gorgate Hall (see above at left) Hoe, purchased Gurth (Ivanhoe’ squire) after he won 1st in puppy class at the Alexandra Palace show owned by his breeder Reverend Canon Frederick Harrison Hichens’36-‘21 MA Speldhurst Kent. Gurth b ‘78 was out of Big Ben’ dau Mab sired by Mr Balliston’ ch The Shah.  Owned by Mrs Willins he got 2nd prize at Ipswich 1882. Gurth’ brother Max changed hands three times in ’78, ie  Mr Horace Wright, the eccentric Lord Hinton & Mr Stefano Castelli. Gurth’ sis Deva was purchased by breeder HG Woolmore but w/out progeny. Above inserted – parcel of a painting dd ’84 by Mr Alfred Elsworth b ’51 of Leeds, perhaps presenting Gurth’ son Nevison commissioned by his owner Mr Thomas Wm Carr of Keighley ca 20 mls from Leeds.

In the course of ’85 Mrs Geo Willins   purchased ch HM King Canute’ sis ch Cambrian Princess b Feb ’82 ch Cambrian Princess from her breeder Mr HG Woolmore who bred a litter dd May ’84 from her  sired by ch Beau – ie Llewellin & Southern Belle. She then bred three following litters from her, ie 1) by ch Maximilian (see his pic in No 149) producing Am ch Minting b 25 May ’85, 2) by Mr Nichols’ ch Victor Hugo resulting in Ormonde b ’86, 3) by ch Beaufort which gave Ayrshire & Seabreeze b Sep ’88. Mr HG Woolmore, cashier of a Steamship Co, probably named her after the 1,394 tons weighing iron sailing ship Cambrian Princess (see above at right)  built in 1877 by Mr TR Oswald & owned by ‘W Thomas & Co’ Liverpool/London – measurements 225x37x23 ft. Sunk in a collision with the 1,145 tons Channel steamship Alma in a fog toward the end of March 1902; eleven of the crew were drowned.

Gorgate Hall, an early XVII c house, was once the centre of a farming estate which has become famous locally for its blackcurrants and Victoria plums. July 1st 1875 - Called out to take a private baptism at ‘Gorgate’, at the extreme end of the parish. The child was an infant who had been deserted in London, and which Mrs Willins of Gorgate Hall, having no children of her own, has brought into Norfolk and adopted, though she is entirely ignorant of its parentage.

The child was baptised George William Simpson Willins and was literally cradled in luxury. This good hearted woman is a queer one – dresses almost like a man; commits assaults on her grooms; keeps a racer or two, and is well known at Newmarket, Ascot & Epsom as ‘Croppy’ by reason of her hair being cut quite close to the head!

Mr Geo Willins (and probably also Mrs Jane Willins née Simpson) resided there at least till 1881 as The Norwich Mercury mentions dd Sept ’81 – ‘Mr Geo Kirk, the younger of Gressenhall - labourer, was summoned by Mr Geo Willins of Gorgate Hall Hoe, on behalf of George Wm Simpson Willins aged six years, for having assaulted him.’ Note - The London Evening Standard mentions in an article dd January 30, 1896 the late George Willins' Estate.

In the ‘91 census the owner was Mr Geo Bagnall,  farmer from Warwickshire, most likely to be the first person in Hoe to have owned a car. The records of the Dereham  JJ Wright co, engineers & agents for a wide range of makes incl Ariel, show the sale of a car in 1899 to George Bagnall of Hoe Hall, probably an Ariel Quadricycle (see above at right) costing 120 guineas.

BACK TO MRS WILLINS’ GURTH. - Mr Charles Calver Lawrence, ’41-‘18 of 'River View House’ Chesterton,  The Eagle Tavern Victoria rd Chesterton & landlord of the Bowling Green Inn (see pic at left) High Street Chesterton Cambridge , bred a litter dd May ’80 out of ch Beau’ close relative (same sire & mat grandsire), ie Juno (Big Ben’ dau Grand Duchess ex ch Wolsey’ bro Prince) sired by Mr Geo Willins’ Gurth producing Mr Lawrence' Frett 1st prize at Ipswich ’82 (her sire Gurth 2nd prize)and, more interestingly, Donarder 1st puppy class Manchester ’80 and purchased by Mr Thomas Wm Carr who renamed him Nevison 3rd at Burton on Trent ’81 – 1st Dr Winslow’ Negress by ch Colonel, 2nd Mr WL Ball’s Mischief II by Wynne’ Young King.

After the Lincoln show June ’82, Nevison was purchased by Mr William M Graham (see above at right) of Broomhill Newtownbreda - Belfast who exhibited him at large, also at NY ’83. Mr CH Lane’ Doggy People - publ ‘02  mentions a/o - He probably did more than most others to popularise the Terrier of his native land and has bred and owned great numbers of the best specimens seen in Ireland or England. His distinguished career as a breeder & exhibitor extends over twenty-five years, during which he has negotiated some of the most important transactions in dogs known to modern times, and the frequency of his services being requisitioned for the export of specimens to America and other countries earned for him the sobriquet of ‘The Irish Ambassador’. One of the warmest-hearted and most genial Irishmen we ever met, and is brimful of that native wit for which his race is distinguished; indeed, we should not be far from the mark if we summed up Mr Graham' character by accrediting him with the common sense of an Englishman, the wit of an Irishman, and the shrewdness of a Scotchman. Some years ago Mr Graham visited the USA, and came back with heaps of commissions from Doggy People in that country to send them all kinds of dogs.’ -

In '83/4 Mr Wm Graham sold Nevison to Mr Charles Houseman Mason (see below at left) b '52 Q4 who priorly owned ch Salisbury, b ‘77 & bred by Mr Thomas Wm Carr. Some newspaper excerpts – ‘Philadelphia Dog Show Sept ’84 Over fifty Mastiffs entered, a/o Nevison who has won over forty prizes in England and valued at $1,000; he is owned by Charles H Mason of Tompkinsville Staten Island’ – ‘ Feb ’85  - 'Nevison - imported champion Mastiff, winner of forty 1st prizes, beating Emperor, Vulcan II. Fee §50. Chas H Mason 255 West Twenty-second street NY City.' Note – The KCSB mention for Nevison only two prizes, ie 1st puppy class at Manchester ’80 & 3rd at Burton on Trent ’81!

Dog fancier Charles H(ouseman) Mason was the son of George Mason b ’26-‘73 who married in ‘50 Eleanor Houseman of Ripley and lived at Highgate House Clayton Heights nr Bradford. Charles’ mother Eleanor (Ellen) was the eldest daughter of Mr John Houseman, farmer at Clint nr Ripley ca twenty mls N of Clayton and a fancier of foxhunting, horse showing and horse racing. Lancaster Gazette June 9 ‘21 ‘Miss Mary Mills of Ripley, was given in marriage by Sir Wm Ingilby, Bart & High Sheriff of Yorkshire to Mr John Houseman of Clint, a man worthy of her choice. The same day they attended the York races, and the dinner, to celebrate the nuptial union’ - .  His father George, a worsted spinner & stuff (thin woollen clothing) manufacturer, owned the local Highgate mill (see above at right).  - 

Bradford Observer Dec ’58 – ‘The annual Christmas tea party Clayton National Day & Sunday Schools. The tea boards cleared, a selection of music was performed, consisting of glees, madrigals, songs and duets by the Highgate Mill Glee and Madrigal Society. Mr George Mason, Esq, kindly favoured the company with two songs, The Flag that's Braved and The Fine Old English Gentleman. Both were so much approved as to be re-demanded, but in the latter case only, when Mr Mason substituted, with excellent effect, the nigger song ‘Poor Old Ned’. Bradford Observer Jan ’62 - ‘Selections from Moore’ melodies, arranged in duette, quartette, were sung by the Madrigal Society connected with Highgate Mill of Clayton. There was a good audience.’ - Aug ’65 Bradford Observer Aug ’65– ‘Saturday with a cricket match and gala. The match was played between the Buttershaw Mills Brass Band and the Highgate Mills Brass Band of Clayton.’

The Leeds Times dd Jan ’65 mentions a/o – ‘On Tuesday George Mason, Esq., manufacturer of Clayton treated the inmates of the North Bierley Union Workhouse of Clayton, to a welcome dinner of roast beef and plum’. – In ’66 Mr George Mason worked together with the ‘Walker, Coleman & Co’ firm. In ’68 Mr George Mason, manufacturer of Clayton was ordered to pay an amount of fare claimed by Mr Benjamin Hall, cabdriver.

Bradford Observer ’69 – ‘The failure is announced of M. George Mason of Clayton nr Bradford, spinner and manufacturer, with liabilities amounting to about £40,000.  -‘At a meeting on Saturday of the creditors of Mr George Mason of Clayton, manufacturer, who recently stopped payment, the liabilities were reported to amount to £60,000’ - Sept ’69 – ‘The following very valuable freehold property called Highgate Mill, situated Clayton Heights nr Bradford, late in the occupation of Mr George Mason, with the yard, outbuildings, engine, boilers, machinery, and House in which Mr. Mason resides. Also sale of Worsted Preparing and Spinning Machinery and other Effects.’ - ‘In the saloon St George’ Hall, valuable collection of high-class modern pictures, lately the property of Mr George Mason, of Clayton, There was a good attendance of gentlemen, and some of the best pictures realised fair price’- . His father George died 30th Oct ’73, the year Charles’ older brother George Henry emigrated to Australia.

Acc to the census manufacturer living at the parental Highgate house Clayton Heights Bradford and emigrating to NY in ‘81. - The Dundee Advertiser 6th  Nov ‘80 - 'deciding the first two prizes, but the first was ultimately awarded to the great champion Salisbury (see insert above at right), belonging to Mr Chas H Mason, of Clayton nr Bradford. Salisbury has won 40 silver cups & first prizes in eighteen months. He is a really grand dog but marred by a large wen on his neck.’ – The next year Mr Charles H Mason emigrated to NY taking with him o/o ch Salisbury b Nov ’77 whose paternal grand-dam Lufra was sis to ch’s Hector & Briton and his maternal grand-dam Beldam was sis to ch Turk whose great grandsire Lukey’ Governor sired also three Salisbury’ G4’s, ie  Harold, Hanbury’ Prince & Peeress . Ch Salisbury’ perhaps greatest ‘English’  achievement was at Birkenhead two-days Dog Show Sept ’79  winning 1st prize and Cup for best non-sporting Dog.

Mr Robt Watson’ The Dog Book publ ’09 presents a rare but unfortunately fuzzy photograph of ch Salisbury, especially off the muzzle showing a rather straight top line unto the blue arrow whereafter it bizarrely falls down to the nose mirror as if for some odd reason there has been made some wretched ‘touch up' taking into the curve in darker contrast below the blue arrow as it may show the  actual place of the muzzle end as presented by the insert in the centre pic.

In ’98 Mr Charles H Mason  and his brother George Henry inherited each £2000 from their uncle Henry Mason b ‘21, who left the value the estate being £417.857. He made his considerable fortune in the worsted spinning business and as Chairman of the Bradford District Bank Ltd; he resided at Bankfield Cottingley Bingley Yorks. – It seems Mr Charles Houseman Mason at age of retirement came back to his birth place as the ‘Manchester Evening News’  dd 25 Sept ’15 mentions a/o – ‘Any other variety, dog or bitch – Sporting, C H Mason, Clayton ; 2, Joseph Smith, New Dykes. Non-sporting, C H Mason, Clayton ; 2, Mark Thewlis, Dewsbury. Extra prizes — Dog or bitch in any class, C H Mason.

Mr George H Walker bred a litter dd May ’81 out of Abbess sired by Gurth resulting in Jumbo III owned by Mr Edwin Ray Newby ’49-’29, of 118 Earlham road Norwich carrying on business at seven locations in Norwich Yarmouth & Lowestoft, as umbrella & walking stick manufacturer hairdresser and ‘Fountains restaurant’ keeper.

Gurth’ son Nevison sired two litters in Aug ’82, ie 1) bred by Mr J Hay out of Juno (Judy ex Taylor’ Ben) producing Vesta II owned by  Mr George Winstanley Rowley b ’62, ‘general broker’ of The Hollies Victoria rd Formby nr Liverpool; ; 2) bred by Mr Luke Crabtree out of ch Montgomery’ dam Queen (by ch Colonel) which produced Dora II who Mr Crabtree mated to ch HM King Canute resulting in Lady Canute, dam to Rev HK Van Doorne’ famous ch Jack Thyr b July ’86, triple Crystal Palace cc winner, ie ‘88/89/90.

Ch Salisbury’ dam Duchess was bred by Mr Frederick Heinzmann b ’41 Germany of Apperley Bridge /Horsforth ca six mls from Leeds,  his sire Monarch  bred by Major Frederick Elms b ’28 of Bowness on Windermere who owned Lufra b ’69 & bred by Miss Elizabeth An Aglionby of Esthwaite Hall (see pic at left) Hawkshead, at the other side of Windermere Lake.

Mr John Watson’ book ‘The English Lake district fisheries online’ publ ’99 mentions a/o – ‘Major Elms to the Editor of The Field - Great Lake Trout from Windermere. I have forwarded you a box containing two fish. We have had a discussion among ourselves as to what the fish are, some saying they are salmon, others differing and calling them white or bull-trout. If you will kindly have them examineby a competent authority, and will let me know what they are, I shall feel very much obliged. Major Elms, Hon Secretary Windermere Fishing Association, of  Oakbank House (see pic in the centre) situated at Helm road Bowness on Windermere, only 0.2 mile  away from the red bricked Old England Hotel (see pic at right)  where meetings of the  Windermere Fishing Association took place. Major Frederick Elms married Aug ’76 at St George Hanover Square  Isabella b ‘36, daughter of the late Canon Joseph Turner 96-‘70 vicar of Lancaster. Quote – ‘During the 19th century, Bowness grew from a small fishing village to a town living almost entirely off tourism and holiday homes. It was the centre of the boat-building industry that provided the sailing yachts, rowing boats and steam launches used on the lake. A large number of hotels and boarding houses gave employment to the permanent population of the town.’ -

Major Frederick Elms bred three KCSB recorded Mastiff litters, ie 1) dd July ’71 out of Lufra sired by Mr David Sloane’ Lord Nelson (Mr T Smith’ Nell ex Lord Stamford Lion’ Wilding son) resulting in  Una owned by John Hartley, farmer of Windermere and Turk, owned by Mr Sidney Alexander Smith b ’41-’88, stamp maker of Withington nr Manchester – Quote from The Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News dd Dec ‘75 – Alexandra Palace ‘The class for champion Mastiffs was magnificent (note - diveded 1st Rev Mellor’ ch Turk & Mr de Fivas’ ch Granby) such an array of beauties have rarely come to judgment. Mr Sydney A Smith' Turk, winner of fifty prizes, is a pretty-looking dog but light and with a small head would make a good bitch’-,  2) dd ’73 out of Lupa sired by Mr Dickinson’ Lion producing Mr John Hartley’ British Lion & Guelph owned by Dr George Renton of Consett nr Durham, 3) dd ’73? out of Lufra sired by Mr Dickinson’ Lion which gave ch Salisbury’ sire Monarch.

Mr Dickinson’ Lion, together with Mr Bathurst’ Peveril, Mr Hanbury’Rajah,  Sir Hesketh’ Nero, Mr Yearsley’ Anlaf & Mrs Rawlinson’ Hector, were described by Dr Walsh as fine dogs that were not underhung. ‘Lion’ may have been the nickname for Briton,  brother to Mr Rawlinson’ Hector & Major F Elms’ twin Lupa & Lufra as in the class Mastiffs, there’s only one ‘Dickinson’ (Dickenson) mentioned by the 1st KCSB, ie Mr Joseph Lowthian Dickinson b ’50 of Belle Vue House  (see below 2nd row at left) The Terrace Shotley Bridge nr Durham. as owner (since end ’72/early ’73) of ‘Briton’ b June ’69, formerly owned by Rev S Atkinson & Mr Henry Stanley Wallace, b ’46 custom house agent & Continental carrier of Ellerslie Elmers End nr Beckenham Kent.

Briton was purchased from his breeder Miss Aglionby by Reverend Samuel Atkinson of St Aidan Chester le Street (only four miles from Shotley Bridge), well-known as a breeder & exhibitor of Newfoundlands winning top-class awards at the main shows, a/o his ch Cato (see above story & pic) b ’65 1st at Crystal Palace ’69/’70 (in ’71 his son Baltic owned by Mastiff fanciers Mrs Cunliffe Lee of Penshurst) & 1st at Birmingham ’71.

Briton’ most memorable award was the champion prize at Crystal Palace ’73 – Open class 1st Mr Green’ ch Monarch, 2nd Mr AS de Fivas ch Granby, 3rd Miss Hales Priam. The Northumberland’ Morpeth Herald dd May ’74 mentioned a/o re the Bedlington Dog Show - ‘The silver cup for the best dog in the show was won by Mr J L Dickinson’ Briton, and the announcement that this gentleman had gained the prize, was received with an outburst of cheers.’ - He also owned the Wynnes ch Peeress’ brother Harold, in ’73 2nd prizes at Birmingham & Dublin.

Note – The Newcastle Guardian dd Aug '72 mentioned a/o – ‘Commended—Mr HG Wallace' Briton, Miss Elizabeth An Aglionby' Wolf; Cup—Mr HG Wallace' Turk; Highly Commended - Lion owned by Mr William R Dickinson of Derwent Cote House nr Consett. Mastiff Dogs—Open class 1st  Miss Hales' Fabius (‘was prominent with his large pendulous lips’), 2nd  Leo owned by Mr Edward Allen - Fellow of the Geological Society.’ – So the question remains open – Was it champion Briton or Lion, resp owned by Mr JL Dickinson & William R Dickinson, both of Derwent Cote House who sired two litters bred by Major Frederick Elms?

Joseph’ father Sir John Dickinson was co-owner of Consett Brick Factory and Chairman of the Consett Local Board (in which Guelph’ owner Dr George Renton was Medical Officer of Health). May ’74,  his son Joseph Lowthian Dickinson married Gertrude Ellen b ‘54, daughter of John Shorthose. The Sheffield Daily Telegraph  dd April 1 ’75 mentioned – ‘Joseph Lowthian Dickinson of Derwent Cote House near Consett, the celebrated dog breeder, has died somewhat suddenly. The deceased gentleman was the owner of a number of sporting and other dogs, amongst others the celebrated champion Mastiff Briton.’

Mr Joseph Lowthian Dickinson’ father in law John Shorthose b ‘24 -’11 was the Newcastle agent of ‘Messrs Bass, Ratcliff & Gretton Brewers Ltd.’ He had joined the Burton on Trent’ Bass company in ‘44 as a clerk and was sent to Newcastle to develop an agency in 1851. In that first year the total sales in the region were £1693 but fifty years later, when he was still the agent, the sales totalled £217,000. By 1877, ‘Bass est 1777’ was the largest brewery in the world, with an annual output of one million barrels. The Bass trips laid on by the firm for its employees were the largest operation of its type in the world by a private company. The first two were Scarborough ’81 (140mls) and Blackpool ’85 (140mls). Until ’14 it were the most frequent seaside destinations (eight times each) followed by Liverpool (100mls) & Great Yarmouth (200 mls) - six times each - and finally one time Brighton (200mls). At left - A posed picture by some of the senior staff from the Bass Brewery prior to a trip financed by the company. Bass trips became legendary with numerous trains being specially commissioned.

On June 28th  & 29th  ‘59 Messrs John Shorthose and William Rochester Pape b ’31-’23  (see above at right),  a Tyneside shotgun manufacturer, organised the first ever dog show. It took place in at the Corn Exchange in Newcastle upon Tyne where Bass & Co had extensive stores in Trafalgar Goods Station. He lived at Hartford Bridge, near Bedlington, where he bred poultry and had extensive kennels for his working Irish and English Setters. The first ever show drew its entries from the north of England and the Borders and the catalogue, a single sheet of paper, noted that the show would make a loss of £15. Whether there was an entry fee is unclear. What is clear from the archives is that both Pape and Shorthose were businessmen of great vision, both of whom spread their portfolios into property in the city of Newcastle upon Tyne.-

The Reverend’ CV – ‘Samuel Atkinson, born at Annaghabane, Ireland on 3rd April 1831 being a member of a distinguished Anglo-Irish family. He was the eldest son of Thomas Atkinson of New Park, County Monaghan. He decided on a career in the Anglican Church and left Ireland for England, attending St.Aidan’ Theological College at Birkenhead in 1856. After which he worked as a Church of England Vicar in Durham, then Washington. Between 1860 and 1865 he moved to become Curate of Gateshead and chaplain of the Newcastle Union at which time he lived as a lodger at St James Street, StAndrews, Newcastle upon Tyne. He married Jane Longridge Hawks, the eldest daughter of the late George Hawks, JP, DL, of Redheugh Hall, Gateshead, on 1 November 1864 in Gateshead. Together they would have one child, a daughter Elizabeth, who was born in about 1866. In 1865 the Reverend Atkinson was established as Vicar Of Eighton Banks, Co Durham, where he served as the local vicar until 1898.

It was on 15th August 1870 at 4pm that Samuel was involved in an heroic act. He had been on a day out walking along the sea front at Newbiggin when he spotted a woman struggling in the sea gasping for air as she kept disappearing beneath the waves. With no thought for his own safety he dived into the troubled waters to rescue Mrs E Watson, then aged 45, and bought her ashore in an exhausted state, when she was subsequently taken home to recover from her ordeal. For his sheer bravery he earned a bronze medal (sold at Spink’ auction for £340) from the Royal Humane Society (est 1174) but not before his grandson James Atkinson had drawn to the attention of the RHS the details of this heroic act. They approved the award at a committee meeting on 18th October 1870. The medal was sent by the RHS on 17th November to James Atkinson for a surprise presentation to the Reverend Samuel by the family. About 1898 at the age of 67, Samuel Atkinson decided to retire and return to his roots in Ireland. Setting up home at Tullyglush House Keady County Armagh. Unfortunately, he lost his sight in his old age and died at his home at Keady on 22nd March 1916. Probate on his will was granted on 9 June 1916, Atkinson' effects totaling £11,002.'-

No 151)   - London Oct ‘94 – ‘The Mastiffs made a goodly show both in number and bulk, but the judges had not much difficulty in singling out Mr Woolmore’ Peter Piper, a brindled dog of grand symmetry and strength, who was allotted everything that could well fall to his share.’ - London Oct ’94 – ‘The Mastiffs, which succeeded, showed considerable improvement, these classes being more noticeable than usual, owing the appearance of rattling, good-headed, well-built young brindle, named Peter Piper, and exhibited by Mr Woolmore. ISDN Nov ’94 - The Crystal Palace Dog Show – ‘In Mr Woolmore' brindle Mastiff Peter Piper, we probably come to the sensation of the show he won in every class he was entered in besides a special and two challenge…’ Illustrated Sporting & Dramatic News Nov 3  ’94 INCL DRAWING OF PETER PIPER (see at left) Mr M Abrahams’ Bulldog Lord Francis, Mr Woolmore’ Mastiff Peter Piper, Mr Henry Yorke   Musgrave’  Newfoundland His Nibs’  Derby Aug ‘95 – ‘A silver cup, value four guineas, was awarded to Mr Joseph Royle for his Mastiff Peter Piper who was adjudicated to be the best dog in the show.

Manchester March ‘96. – ‘In the Mastiff section Mr Royle again came off victor with Peter Piper—with even the more fancy price of £5,000 labelled on its kennel. - Sheffield July ‘96 - Rawmarsh & Parkgate Agricultural Show. – ‘His noted wire-hair terrier Go Bang took the first and special of its class. This, with Mr Royle champion Mastiff, Peter Piper, which is acknowledged to one the best Mastiffs in the world, and the Greyhound bitch Rompaway. made up excellent group.’ Yorkshire July ‘96 – ‘The cup for the best dog in the show was handed to Mr Royle for his renowned Mastiff Peter Piper. Aug ‘96 Sheffield – ‘The usual conglomeration of breeds turned out in the variety class, but towering above the group stood Mr Royle' famous Mastiff Peter Piper, who afterwards won the cup for the best non-sporting dog in the show, a feat he has performed on many previous occasions.’August ‘96 Penistone Agricultural Show – ‘In the variety class Mr Royle’ brindled Mastiff Peter Piper, took the first prize as well as the award for the best non-sporting dog of the show. Preston Agricultural Hall Aug ‘96 – ‘Manchester Mastiff Peter Piper. He is splendid. Manchester Sept ’96 – ‘ Peter Piper, a huge brindled Mastiff, of champion honours, stood out well from the majority.  Manchester Oct ’96 – ‘The prize for the best dog in the show was won Mr J Royle, of this city, with his Mastiff, Peter Piper.

Burnley April ‘97 – ‘In the variety class the first prize was easily secured by Mr Royle’ brindled Mastiff Peter Piper, which has been exhibited all over the country, and has never yet been defeated. This dog took the prize for best dog.’ Sheffield Aug ’97 Ecclesfield Farmers Club – ‘The exhibits in the variety class was outclassed by Mr Joseph Royle’ redoubtable Mastiff Peter Piper which acknowledged to be the best Mastiff living. Anyone interested in this national breed, worth going miles see …’ ISDN Oct ’97 -In Mastiffs an admirable dog won, Peter Piper by name, and perhaps a better never was bred. - Stafford Dec ‘97 - the non-sporting dogs commencing with Mastiffs. The noted Peter Piper being present, it was foregone conclusion that Mr J Royle won with the chief of the …

Illustrated Sporting & Dramatic News Feb 19 ’98 INCL PHOTOGRAPH OF PETER PIPER (see in the centre) – Cruft’s Dog Show  - RFC Hignett’ Gordon Setter Ch Duke of Edgeworth, Mr J Royle’ Mastiff Peter Piper, Mr H Dickman’ Newfoundland Ch Merry Boy. London Feb ’98 Agricultural Hall – ‘Mr Royle was adjudged the chief winner in the open class for Mastiffs with Peter Piper and the Bywater Kennels took several firsts in other Mastiff classes. London Sporting Life Feb ’98 – ‘and therefore the appearance of Mr Joseph Royle’ grand brindled Peter Piper, one of the very grandest Mastiffs ever seen, caused a welcome feeling relief breed for long remains alive there are honest for tho resuscitation’ .--ISDN Sep ‘98    Mastiffs were not numerous they rarely are, nowadays but what they lacked in numbers was atoned for by the quality of Peter Piper, Marksman, Magistrate, and the bitch Marcella. The first-named ...’ -

ISDN Nov ‘27 Mrs Horsfall' Great Dane Ch Hannibal of Redgrave was the popular hero, and about the same time also a brindle mastiff called Peter Piper, the property of a Liverpool gentleman. Since then there have been several claimants in each generation for the…’ ISDN Dec 27 ’40 – ‘Gems in the Rough. Plinlimmon' date, one of which was Mrs Horsfall' Great Dane, Ch Hannibal of Redgrave, and another was a brindle Mastiff named Peter Piper.

No 152) Newspaper clip dd Dec ’97 re Mr Harry de Spencer Kingdon ’15-‘03, agent  agent of the ‘Sun Fire Office’,  also waywarden & guardian of Colyton. December 31, 1867 - Western Times - Exeter COLYTON. A Prize Mastiff.—Our respected townsman H D Kingdon, Esq of Willhayne Cottage (King street) Colyton, carried off the second prize £3  at the Manchester Dog Show, for his magnificent Mastiff Lord. Reportedly, Mr Kingdon had a kennel of some twenty Mastiffs. Nov 13 ’51 - at Colyton Church, by the Rev A Dene, Harry de Spencer Kingdon of Elm Grove Colyton to Sarah Jane Gibbs Withycombe, daughter of James Withycombe  b Bridgwater ’08-’72 Mercantile  Clerk/Accountant &   Dairyman of  29 Richmond  Place Beacon  Hill – Bath who married in ‘61 James Sarah Gibbs Lyddon, daughter of Robert Lyddon Esq of Edbrooke House Winsford. Sarah Jane’ father mentioned in his will  effects  under £200.

Mr Harry Kingdon’ father James Kingdon of Lympstone –twenty mls SW- was an attorney and Albion Fire Insurance Agent who married in ’07 Jane Spurway, youngest daughter of merchant William Spurway and Rebecca Mountstephen of Colyton. Harry’ older brother Frederick William b ’08 was a solicitor, attorney at law, conveyancer & Master extraordinary in Chancery acc to the Act of Tithes in England & Wales. Quote – ‘In his youth he was connected to the Established Church. Not being able to reconcile its worship and creeds with the language and spirit of the New Testament, he embraced the Unitarianism which he cherished to the end of his says. He bore a long illness with devout composure, often speaking to those around him of the value of Unitarian principles to soothe and sanctify the dying hour.’ - He died at the age of only 31. Mr Harry de Spencer’ great-grandfather Samuel Kingdon b 1715-‘97 was an ironmonger who lived at the Golden Hammer North Street Exeter and expanded the ‘Kingdon & Sons’ business by opening warehouses in Waterbeer Street selling copper goods and to buy and sell scrap metal. The foundry and smiths' shop were taking on foundry workers, blacksmiths & whitesmiths.

In ’36 his grandson Samuel became Mayor of Exeter. Seven years later it was his cousin, surgeon William Page Kingdon (Harry de Spencer Kingdon’ uncle – see above at right), who became Mayor of Exeter. In ’49 Samuel & his brother William retired and after 81 years of the Kingdon’ business, it was sold and became over time the renowned ‘Garton & King Ltd’. Note Mr Harry de Spencer Kingdon’ wife Sarah Jane née Withycombe died in ’93 and the mentioned Rev Geo Eyre (Evans) & Miss Catherine Powell Evans of Aberystwith were grandchildren of Mr Harry Kingdon’ aunt Catherine Kingdon.

No 153) Quite difficult to unravel the backgrounds of Dr Charles Albert Lougest & his family. Firstly, his name was certainly uncommon in Germany, so it’s possible he deliberately misspelled the anglicized superlative form of Karl Albert ‘Lange’, derived from the German word lang ‘long’. Although the Massachusetts Death records 1841-1915 mention Mr Charles Albert Lougest’ father, ie August Lougest & mother, ie Hannah Stintke - further on, date of death Feb 12th ’07, primary cause – progressive anemia (6 months), contributory - liver trouble (for years). Secondly, his wife Frederika née Myers b ’48 Germany divorced her first husband Mr Murdoch McKenzie with whom she had a child (Ellen aka 'Nellie') b ’70.  Given Frederika’ year of birth there’s reason to believe Dr Lougest’ eldest son Albert b ’62/3 was a child of Dr CA Lougest’ first wife. Further on, it is unclear when he moved to England from Germany. In an advertisment of 1903 it states that Lougest & Company were registered in 1862 in Liverpool. He does not appear in the 1871 Census, but he does appear in the 1881 Census, which shows his youngest son, and subsequent children being born between 1863 and 1876.  Quote from The Chemist & Druggist’ - Liquidations February 12 (’83). Charles Albert Lougest, 2 Duke Street Liverpool & 67 London Road Manchester under firm of ‘Lougest & Co’ - herbalist and medical botanist.' - Whether by design or accident Charles and his family are somewhat elusive. It is known that he travelled frequently between England and the USA, and vice versa, yet he has so far not been found on any passenger lists. Nor have any records been found relating Lougest & Company.  In 1889 he is in Liverpool, on bail and due to be tried on indictments re – ‘unlawfully, wickedly, wilfully, knowingly, and designedly obtain and procure divers wicked, scandalous and obscene books, to wit. 1,519 books intituled ‘Words of Warning’ and 98 other books intituled ‘A Word with You’ in order and for the purpose of afterwards unlawfully and wickedly uttering, publishing, selling, and disseminating the said books to and amongst, the liege subjects of Our Lady the Queen, and thereby contaminating and corrupting the morals of the said liege subjects a/o Mr Charles Meyer.' - He did not appear on the specified date, thus forfeiting his bail.

The obituary (see above at left) mentions that Dr Lougest (in reality he was a herbalist, so not an certified MD) came to Jersey City in ’87 whereas the census ‘00 mentions 1889 as the year for immigation to the US. Charles next appears in an 1890 trade directory living in New Jersey. He and the Lougest Company (manufacturing patent medicines) are situated at 429 Grove. In the Philadelphia’ Fanciers Journal Vol X ’88 Dr CA Lougest adverted his ‘Mount Vernon’ kennels (see below at right -some two hundred yards  from the ‘Dean Academy – see above at right) situated at Union street Franklin Mass  whereas the KCSB mentions his presence as a Mastiff exhibitor adressed Pembroke Place Liverpool until ’89 (owning ch Cambrian Princess Manchester & Dublin cc’s) except for ’88 which mention Dr Lougest’ address as (see blue arrow below at right) 3 Mount Vernon green Liverpool, half a mile from his offices at 42 Pembroke Place. Dr Lougest’ Mount Vernon kennels at Franklin nr Boston Mass probably referred to his Liverpool home address. He even bred a KCSB recorded litter dd Jan ’91 out of Napoleon’ daughter Polly sired by Mr Hugh McEvoy’ King Dathi resulting in Mr William Watts’ Princess May. Her sire King Dathi (after the last Irish pagan king) was formerly owned by Rev J Phelan and appeared in the KCSB for ’87 as having won a 3rd prize at Birkenhead – cc for Mr Lougest ch Albert Victor, 1st for Dr Lougest’ Napoleon & 2nd for Mr Henry Hudson Simpson b ‘53’ Halifax Nero b Dec ’83 out of Garsed’ Juno sired by Mr Taylor’ Lion - breeder unknown. The KCSB ’87 mention King Dathi’ colours as fawn & ‘blue points’ breeder, date of birth & pedigree unknown but it didn’t witheld Dr Lougest to use him at stud, perhaps because of King Dathi’ breed virtues. His owner Mr H McEvoy, Dr Lougest’ towny, resided at 50 St Thomas’ buildings Liverpool.

Above at right photographs described as 1) The Emperor (ed - Black Peter’ son) and 2) Holland’ Queen (ed  - Black Peter’ daughter) & Prince of Wales (Silverdale Lady Evelyn ex ch Mark Antony); The NY Times Feb 21 ‘97  describes the same photograph as depicting depicting the littermates Lady Diana & Emperor William b ’92 out of Gerda II (Gerda ex Prince Albert Victor) sired by Ingleside Maximilian (Madge Minting ex ch Ilford Chancellor). Mr Watson’ The Dog Book’ presents a photograph of Holland’ Queen being a dark brindle! Note – Dr Lougest’ Prince of Wales was litter brother to Mr Luke Crabtree’ Blondin & Mr James Hampton Lee’ Prince Hampton, b April ’97 & bred by Mr Alfred John Thorpe b ’62-20 of Eccles Manchester  out of Silverdale Lady Evelyn sired by ch Mark Antony. Mr Thorpe was a member of the Bolton and District Grocers & Provision Dealers’ Association and listed as ‘Proprietor of Sewing Machine Co’ whereas the Cheshire directories listed Mr James Hampton Lee  b ‘47  as undertaker & Livery Stable keeper.

Above – some Australian newspaper clips dating from the end of the XIXth century re Black Peter whose sire Jonathan b Jan ’93 was purchased by Mr John O’Connell of Melbourne. Jonathan surpassed the age of 10 and died June ’03. At right – The youngster Black Peter together with the kennelman of Mr Louis Dobbelmann of Rotterdam – The Netherlands.

Below at left – from The San Francisco Call – May 15th ’98 - ‘The English Mastiff Chino Don wants a prize’. Chino Don 40560 (Chino Beauty ex Chino Lion) was owned by the Secretary of the Pacific Mastiff Club – Mr JP Norman of Belmont - San Mateo County. Don won the 1st prize at the San Francisco show ’98, and at last year’ show achieved the honor for the best Mastiff stud dog. Don is a dog of unusual intelligence. He was frequently known to travel on the ferry to the Oakland Mole and would there board the train to Alameda where his former owner had friends. He was never known to have taken the wrong train. He was in the habit of escorting his owner’ little boy to school, and when the latter would approach the edge of the sidewalk too closely Don would interpose his 165 pounds of bulk between his young charge and the curb, and gently but firmly push him away from danger’. – Mr Norman also owned Lola 37,547 (Lomita Hilda ex Ingleside Crown Prince).

Quote – ‘The big dog classes also come in for a large share of attention. The showing of Mastiffs is unusually good and much admiration was bestowed upon Ingleside Crown Prince the winner of first prize in the last year’ show owned by San Francisco’ probably most famous lawyer, ie Mr Gavin McNab ’63-‘27 residing at the Occidental Hotel. Prince has a massive head and enough spare flesh hangs loose about his powerful lower jaw to furnish steaks for an entire Esquimaux village.’  Ingleside Crown Prince was brother to Ingleside Maximilian (Madge Minting ex ch Ilford Chancellor ’85- Dec ‘91) who sired a litter bred by Dr Lougest containing a/o Emperor William & Lady Diana.

Mr James Watson’ The Dog Book – ‘The dog with which Dr Lougest had expected to sweep the decks at the NY show dd Feb ’98 was Black Peter, but unfortunately he did not reach New York in time to compete, being only benched on the last day. The proverbial Irishman might have said that if he had come any sooner he would not have come at all, for the dog was booked to leave on the steamer which sank in the English Channel after a collision; but Peter' departure was delayed, from some cause, for a later boat. This was a truly grand dog, a black brindle, with a great deal of wrinkle and a well-shaped head. He also possessed size and substance, and must be placed on record as one of the very best, if not actually the best, Mastiff we have had here. He possessed every property of the Mastiff developed to a notable degree, and stopped short in every way of any objectionable exaggeration. In 1898 Mr FJ Skinner, then of Baltimore, entered a very strong four in Champion Prince Cola, Rossington, Victoria III., and Thistle, but not quite good enough to beat the Lougest combination. Mr Skinner had been a consistent supporter of the Mastiff for some years, and may be said to have been the last of the old brigade to leave the field for Dr Lougest to fill. From Black Peter came some excellent brindles, the black Holland' Queen being a very symmetrical bitch, possibly the best American-bred bitch we have had. The best dog that Black Peter got was The Emperor, but he was not the equal of the last dog Dr Lougest imported, Prince of Wales, which took the Dutch dog's place when he was retired.' -

NY Times Feb '98 – ‘Of all the dogs in the show the big Mastiff Black Peter b March ‘95, which arrived on the ‘Amsterdam’ a few days ago, was the most admired yesterday -not - only because of bis beauty from the fanciers' point of view, but also because of the luck which enabled him to be present at the show. - He is a massive brindle. almost as big as a calf, and  his features are so ugly that the fanciers call him the handsomest specimen of the breed in this country. He was purchased by Dr C A Lougest in Europe recently (ed note - purchased from Mr Louis Dobbelmann of Rotterdam), and was entered in the Mastiff class. He was booked for shipment on the ‘Veendam’ which sunk, but was delayed, and missed the steamer. He was shipped on the ‘Amsterdam’, and arrived too late to be judged, but was placed on exhibition on Wednesday night (Feb 23th). Black Peter has been exhibited all over Europe, and has invariably won.' At right – ch Frigga Secunda’ brother Cardinal Beaufort b Feb ’90 & bred by Mr CC Rice out of ch Orlando’ ch daughter Frigga sired by ch Beaufort’ son Sir Stafford, the latter Black Peter’ paternal great-grandsire. Note – Black Peter’ greatest achievement was the reserve cc at Crufts ’97 (see article below at left)  judged Mr Frederick Gresham) beaten by the two years older ch Peter Piper put up for sale at £5000 against £95 for his sire Tom Bowling (March '91 - Oct '97) owned by Mr Arthur W Lucas and £200 for Mr Dobbelmann’ Black Peter.

The 420 feet long SS ‘Veendam’, formerly the ‘Baltic’, built by Harland & Wolff Ltd of Belfast, was commissioned in ’71 by the White Star Line. It could transport 936 passengers. In 1890 sold to the Holland American Line. Feb 6th 1898 - On a 9 days voyage from Rotterdam to NY with 127 passengers on board and cargo load,  it clashed at high sea on an underwater object (probably a wreck) which broke the propeller shaft and the boat hit leak . Feb 7th 1898 All passengers left the Veendam and were rescued  (about 400 mls SW of Ireland) by the SS St Louis of the American-Inman Line. 

In the 1890s Dr Lougest sold Mayflower, winner of the Mastiff Club Cup, to a German fancier who ship him to Dresden next week. The census 1900 mentions 1889 as the year for immigation to the US for Dr Charles Albert Lougest b Jan ’38 Germany, his wife ‘Fridricka’ b April ’48 Germany, Albert b ’63 England, Walter b ’67 England & Nellie b ’70 England. The ’00 census also mentions Dr Lougest rented ® the house at 313 Columbus Avenue Boston. The family grave (see above at right) at Union Street Cemetery Franklin MA. Note -  George Wm Glazier Ingleside breeder of Salem (15 mls NW of Boston) had several patents re mechanisms for sewing - & book-sewing machines. The purchaser of Dr Lougest' Black Prince Brampton was Mr Samuel Henry Miller b ’59 of Baltimore & Pine Streets, Baltimore Ward 11.

No 154) About Farnaby & Lesdon breeder Mrs Betty Baxter ’24-’17. Above at left - ‘Fred’ b ’91, arguably the best Mastiff bred by her, – at right - Mrs Baxter taking a lunch break at her judging of the OEMC bitch classes Tiel Holland - June ’04. The text is part of her letter dd April ’97. She purchased her foundation brood ch Taddington Diamond Lil b Oct ’63 from a ‘Mrs S Dickens’ of the scenic Cotswold village Winchcombe Gloucestershire who purchased her dam Tiger Lily (bred by J Langridge – reserve cc at the LKA under Mrs Scheerboom – cc ch Blackroc Stormy Petrel) from Kisumu breeder Mrs Irene Creigh of Leigh-on-Sea. Now, there’s a Mrs ‘N.E‘ Dickens  of 'Sirdane' Great Dane kennels who lived ca fifty mls from Leigh-on-Sea, ie  at Sirdane House next to the Jersey farm St Helier Road Sandridge - St Albans. Diamond Lil’ maternal G4 descent ch Bredwardine Beau Idéal was BOB at the OEMC Centenary Show and former Breed cc record holder.

Mrs Dickens’ Taddington litter of ten pups also contained T- Pride, granddam to ch Copenore Rab, T- Emma, Mr Richard Cogan’ Craigavon foundation brood & ch C- Emma’ granddam and Brackenber T- Bovril aka ‘Toby’, owned by Mrs Ruth Elizabeth Steede ’20-’88 of Melkham ca 14 mls E of Bath Wilts, who died 28th Feb ’79 aged 15y 4 months (source OEMC Newsletter Editor Miss B Blackstone – No 53 June ’82).

Miss Elsie Maria Shepherd ’85-68 & Mr George Wm Pearson Roberts ‘93-71 (Royal Artillery Superintendent - Greenwich) married 20th June ’20 at Islington Church and  resided at (see color  pic below at left) ‘79 Burnt Ash Hill Lee’ - ca eight miles SE of London City and within the London Borough of Lewisham. Their daughter Elizabeth Joan (Betty) - of Farnaby-Lesdon repute - was b Q1 24th Feb  ’24 at Lewisham – d Thursday 9th Feb ’17 –.

Betty’ father George was a Captain MBE who served in France (date of entry 28th June ’16) and retired 30th April ’23. Acc to the District Devonshire data George William Pearson Roberts was later on a ‘civil servant’ employed for a government dept or agency. He was born in Horwich ca 20 mls NW of Manchester. His father Gervase Henry Roberts - b ’71 Wakefield nr Bradford- d ‘44 - was mechanical engineer, Superintendent of the Mechanical Engineering Department - Woolwich Arsenal & gas manager and married in ’93 the widow Mrs Matilda ‘Tilly’ Ann Murphy née Crump b ’60 Derby, daughter of Mr William Thomas Crump ’30-87, engineer & manager of the Derby Gas Works, later on involved into Friar-gate Works trading in gas heating products. Betty’ mother was a daughter of Alice Susan Beard b ’54-97 (daughter of Thomas Beard, solicitor b Plymouth)  & Francis Shepherd b ’55- 94, a (timber) merchant of 2 Beverley Villas Barnes and acc to the census ’91 ‘living on own means’.

The census of 1911 mentions Elsie & her sis Kathleen Shepherd ,  both single & both for occupation ‘private means’ and  residing at 34 Leyland road Lewisham – London, only two hundered yards from The Nest 12 Meadowcourt Road occupied by Mastiff breeder Mr Thomas Garwood b ‘70 who owned a/o Lady Ina - 2nd Open at Crufts ’06 -  b Jan ’02 & bred by Mr Luke Crabtree out of Prince Hampton’ dau Marton Beauty sired by ch Holland Black Boy’ son Moston Black, the latter Lt-Col Walkers ch Lord of The Manor’ paternal grandsire. . He bred a litter dd July 21th ’03, and the pedigree (see above at right) shows up a range of well-known names; the sire Brutus b Oct ’98 was bred by Mr PF Hadley, perhaps a descent of Mr Nathaniel Layton Hadley, General Merchant residing at Lewisham, whereas the paternal grandsire, Mr RJ Burch’ Young Heimdal (bred by Rev Henry Van Doorne),was born June ‘85, which should mean Young Heimdal was 13+ years at the time of Brutus’ birth, or probably another example of fake pedigrees!

Mr Thomas Garwood was licensee of the ‘Builders Arms’ 92 Loampit Vale Lewisham, a pub next to Lewisham Road Station (see above at left) and a local newspaper dd Aug ’02 mentions a/o – ‘Games Public Houses. Thomas Garwood, licensee of the Builders Arms 92a Loampit Vale Lewisham, appeared in answer to five summonses for allowing gaming to be carried on on his premises and was fined - £3 13p costs.’ - 

Noticed is that a certain 'E. Shepherd'  bred West Highland Terriers (Westies) in the  1910s under the prefix 'Lesdon', perhaps a portmanteau for LEwiSham LonDON. Betty’ aunt Kathleen Daisy Shepherd ’93-82 Oxford  married at Lewisham in '16 Philip Lionel Lincoln ’92-‘89, who joined ‘R Passmore & Co’ -London building materials distributors and became President of the company and President of the Building Industry Distributors 1948-50) and fulfilled a military career up to Air Commodore; they got two children , ie Colonel Aubrey Graham Passmore Lincoln b ’18 m ’48 Anne Butters of Coblenz &  Major Guy Philip Lincoln (2002 –Maidstone).

Betty’ grandfather Gervase H Roberts died  and is buried at a Devon village nearby Bideford, namely  Northam at the Western outskirts of England ,  far away from the World-War II German bombings. Elizabeth Joan Roberts married in ‘48 Peter F A Bensley b ’24 Lambeth (where the well-known printer Thomas Bensley died in 1835)  and moved (? ca '65) from Greater London to that very same Devon village called Northam nr Bideford where she  started up her Farnaby Mastiff kennels nearby the River Torridge banks at ‘Boat Hyde’ (see above b/w pics dd ’47 incl three small dogs ? Scottish Terriers)  in the mid-1960s assisted by her son son Hugh Francis Benedict Bensley b S2 ’48 (presently 2 Mavis Ave Leicester). Later on (perhaps after her parents died resp in ’68 & ’71) she relocated to a lovely country home (see color pic above at right) at Fourways Eggesford nr Chulmleigh. In ’74 she married Mr Herbert Denis Baxter - b ’28 Lambeth m ’57 Pamela M Knight at Willesden 8m NW of London – and the Farnaby-'Lesdon'  Mastiff strain became a fact.

July 11/12th ’86 she & Denis (Mastiff judge at Crufts ’85)  were guests at our home on their way to Germany & Switzerland. Together we visited the Joancy Mastiff kennels of Mrs Ine van Elderen-Schlichting - Hechtel and the Bouvier des Flandres Lampegat kennels of Mr Rex Keeman - Leopoldsburg. Ten years later Denis got a heart attack (30th April ’96) and died 17 July ‘96. Rounding up - Mr William Norman Higgs died in 1939 and therefore  never been able to experience  that Elizabeth Joan aka 'Betty'    Baxter née Roberts, granddaughter of his early in life deceased sister-in-law Alice Susan Beard, should become famous in Mastiff circles  ...

From left to right – MM’ son ch Hollesley Rupert BOB OEMC Aug ’85 – Mrs Baxter’ Jacob aka Touch of Class b Nov ’85 BOB OEMC Aug ’91 – MM’ son ch Falmorehall Frobisher 3rd Open OEMC Aug ’91 – Touch of Class’ son  ‘Fred’ aka ch Farnaby Fringe Benefit b Feb ’91, probably Mrs Baxter’ best male ever  – a/o ten cc’s & eight res cc’s. CC’s under Dr Sheila Monostori, Mssrs Bill Toogood, Peter Sargeant, Connol Coan, David Blaxter, Louis McDonald (OEMC ’95) & S Clarke, Mrs An Arch, Mrs Barbara Robson-Jones and Miss Hilary Sargeant. Diamond Lil’ G7 descent Fringe Benefit’ arguably main opponent was ch Mr Raymond Boatwright’ dark brindle ch (Meps) Brave Chaka b Aug ’89.

No 155) Oil on 18/21 inches canvas by Benjamin Marshall (see at left) 1768-’25. Signed and dated 'B Marshall 1810 and with inscription on a handwritten label attached to the reverse - 'My Dear little pony Sancho and his constant companion Cato - painted by Marshall, given to me when I was 8 years old by George Prince of Wales, lived to be 24 years old'. Sold at Christies ’02 - price realised £8.365. Compared to the size of the pony, the ear-cropped brownish patched dog seems to be of apparently great size & soundness. Re ‘George Prince of Wales –  it here may go about George IV 1762-’30 who became Prince Regent in ’11 and King in ’20. 

Perhaps, this painting was once owned by the Oliver family as the ISDN 12th Nov ‘37 mentions a/o – ‘A short time ago Mr Edmund G Oliver had the good fortune to discover a painting of a Mastiff by Ben Marshall, which now enriches his collection at Bedale.’ -  In that case, it may have complemented his earlier painting of a yellowish brown patched Mastiff, ie the one labelled 'Two Greyhounds and a Mastiff belonging to the Duke of Hamilton' (see at right) dd 1780 by Sawrey Gilpin 1733-1807. It is said that Ben Marshall was so impressed by Sawrey Gilpin' life-size painting ‘Death of a Fox’, exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1793, that he decided to change from portraiture to sporting subjects.

No 156) At left - informal photograph of ch Honeycroft Danny Boy b May ’80 ch Honeycroft Crismas Cracker ex MM taken in August ’88 at Mrs Janet Atkinson’ home Hollybush Goose Hill Headley nr Newbury Hants. Centre – ‘Dan’ April 17th ’85, at right – at younger age. . He sired 4 litters, ie three by Bulliff & one by Ormondstow; his arguably best progeny was his grandson ch Bulliff Warrior Crufts BOB ’85 under Mr Denis Baxter.

‘Dan’ had a rather short show career ’81 - Mr Joe Braddon cc - res cc Grangemoor Cadivor – Mr P Day OEMC res cc – cc Grangemoor Cadivor – Mrs P Greenwell ccres Charivari Diorama – Mrs J De Casembroot res cc – cc ch MM – Mr D Oliff cc res Longendale King Louis. ’82 – Mr G Down cc – res Clerity Powerful Sort – Mrs P Day cc res Bulliff Rendon – Miss B Blackstone cc res Forefoot King Kong – Mr P Whitaker O2 – cc MM – res Luckhurst Goliath – Mr G Hicks OEMC res – cc MM – Mr R Cogan O3 – cc MM – O2 Jilgrajon Sir Gladstone. ’83 - Mrs E Harrild Crufts res – cc MM – Herr C Habig O3 – cc MM – res Celerity Powerful Sort – Mrs J Hicks O2 – cc Buliff Ranger – res Glynpedr Dom Ruinart. ’84 – Mr A Grindey – res – cc Bellabees Blunder – Mr R Thomas O1– cc Faerdorn Big Daddy – res Bulliff Rager.

157) At left – ‘Two Views of a Dead Boar with a Mastiff and Two Other Dogs’ by Jacob Philipp Hackert b Brandenburg 1737–1807 National Trust, Attingham Park. – Given the artist’ personal backgrounds the scenery might be situated in Prussia and the piebald apricot brindle  might be considered as an ear- & docktailed ‘German boarhound’. At right paintings depicting similar features incl a fawn Mastiff of recognisable breed type and probably made by the same (unknown) artist.

Above  at right –  ch Holland’ Black Boy b ’95 ed in Count Bylandt’ Les Races de Chiens publ ’04 which presents a look quite similar in a number of details. At CP ’98 Mr AJ Thorpe’ got the cc and res cc for Black Boy, the latter described by Dr Turner as - ‘he has a very good head and muzzle, is straight, but not strong on his legs and was somewhat low in condition which made his body appear too shelly; he has not size enough at any time’ -. At Birmingham Dec ’98 Mr Alfred J Thorpe awarded him the cc – ‘a good coloured brindle, on the small side, owes his position to his grand head, which is well-nigh perfection; he has good bone, but is very light in body and weak on his front legs’. –Mr Thorpe was the breeder of Blondin & Dr Lougest’ Am ch Prince of Wales, both out of ch Elgiva’ maternal half-sister Silverdale Lady Evelyn sired by ch Marc Antony. Her dam – ‘Lady Lena’ worst faults are want of size and wrinkle and a shallow muzzle.’-

At left - chromolithograph print - artist Theodor  Breidwieser 1847-’30 – published by Verlag Carl Gerold's Sohn, of Vienna and part of a large series called 'Hartingers Wandtafeln für den naturgeschichtlichen Unterricht’ designed between about 1880 and 1915. Gerold's est 1775, the oldest Austrian publishing company and in existence today had its heyday in the XIX c when it was one of the largest publishing houses in the Habsburg-Empire. Not only had Gerold had success with scientific and medical publications, Carl Gerold, son of the founder and namesake of the company, brought lithography (invented in Germany in 1798) to Austria in 1816. This printing process allowed for reproductions of images of a very high quality and the continuing development of the lithographic process is connected with the sudden surge in publications of wall (school) charts towards the end of the XIX c.

Lady Evelyn was transferred to Mr Luke Crabtree who mated her to ch Holland’ Black Boy which gave Moston Black – see above at left - described by Mr AJ Thorpe dd April ‘02– ‘3rd, a very typical dog all through; I’ve seen him move better; his chief fault is his size.’- End ‘02/early ’03 Moston Black was purchased from his breeder Mr Luke Crabtree by Mr Henry Hodgkinson Taylor b ’82-‘40 of Rolyat house Wood lane Cheshire, only child of Henry Beaumont T- b ’19 who made some fortune as a dry salter and died in ’97.

Ch Holland’ Black Boy’ best descent was probably his great-grandson Lt-Col Walkers ch Lord of The Manor b ’08 whose sire With The Times was, reportedly, lacking size. With The Times b Sep ’03 was, reportedly, lacking size. Nevertheless he was campaigned until ’10 and got cc’s under Mssrs Henry Clay & Edward Spalding and 3 reserves (cc’s - ch Helmsley Defender, ch Hazlemere Ronald & Salisbury). 

Ch Holland’ Black Boy paternal granddaughter Yarborough Florrie b ’02 - bred by Pug fancier Mr Wm JM Atkin b ‘67 of 19-21 Yarborough street Grimsby nr Hull - out of Lord Clive’ dau Princess Clive sired by Moston Black & owned by Mr Wm Rylands b ’69-’48 of the Falstaff Inn 5 Effingham Street Rotherham - got a cc at Darlington June ’04 under Cleveland breeder Mr George Cook. Somewhat later Florrie was purchased by Dr Charles Albert Lougest of Boston Mass who also owned Florrie’ paternal half- uncle, ie Moston Black’ maternal half-brother Am ch Prince of Wales – see above at right. 

Mr Wm Rylands of Rotherham’ Fallstaff Inn owned also Lady Winifred b ’02 & bred by Mr AJ Flower out of Lady Argyll unr sired by Wm Price’ Duke of Fife but he sold her to Mr Robt Leadbetter who mated her to his ch Hazlemere Archie which resulted in ch Hazlemere Ronald, ch Hazlemere Bess & Kilmalcom Lucy owned by Mr Frederick A Rhodes b ’74-‘40, recipient of two cc’s & 3 res cc’s. In 1908 Mr Rylands  purchased the pair ‘Mackintosh & Water Lily’ bred by Miss CM Garland out of Buena Ventura unr sired by ch Hazlemere Ronald; they were siblings of Berenice (see above at left - exported to the Kinnelon kennels of Mr Morris Kinney of Butler - New Jersey and granddam to ch Master Beowulf & ch Woden’ grandsire Collyhurst Squire) and Lady Widmere, the latter dam to ch Lidgett Viscount – see above - centre. Four years later he went bankrupt and moved to Cleethorpes nr Grimsby, the East coast village of Yarborough Florrie’ breeder Mr Wm JM Atkin. Above at right – excerpt from Mr Herbert Compton’ The Twentieth Centieth Dog – Non-sporting - publ 1904.

No 158) WELKS show catalogue May ’68 thirty-seven Mastiffs judged by Miss Barbara Blackstone – dog cc Mrs J Watland’ ch Kisumu Balthasar (see pic taken at Birmingham ’67) res Mrs I Preston Turner’ Frideswide Rupert – bitch cc Mrs Sheila Monostori’ Frideswide Nicolette – res Mr Richard Cogan’ Taddington Emma.

Balthasar’ brother Copenore Bardolph (Copenore Jason ex ch Kisumu Fatima) , 3rd Open class, was owned by one of the last ‘known’ Reverends involved into British breed history, ie Pikenor breeder Rev Edward John Barnes Pike b Fishponds Bristol ’02-84 of 821 Stratford Rd Birmingham. A ‘Theological Licentiate’ of the ACT, aka the ‘Australian Capital Territory’ and rector of Rolleston’ church Queensland in the 1930s. His piéce de résistance, ie ch Copenore Bardolph got a/o the reserve ticket at Crufts 1970 under the Am judge Mrs Marie Antoinette Moore of Mooreleigh awarding the certificate to ch Cornhaye Kenneth. The Reverend bred dd Feb ’68 a sire/daughter litter (K- Bardolph x Kisumu Beverly), amongst them the rather narrowish Pikenor Apollo exported to Dr E M Bingen, rheumatologist of St Maartens Hospital -Nijmegen (retired in ’79). Bardolph mated to ch Weatherhill Thor’ dau Hollesley Niobe produced Roussilon Augusta, the latter mated to Mr Gordon Edwards’ ch Pynesfarm Gelert gave Beaumaring Benghazi who mated to Mr Micawber’ sis Kisumu Tania fathered Beaumaring Lion, the latter sired ch Cemaes King Edward, Jilgrajon Sir Gladstone’ sire.

Other interesting entries at WELKS ’68 were the Copenore bros James & Joseph and owned by Mr T G Phillips of Ruishton House (see above) Henlade nr Taunton Somerset, a grade II listed building built in 1893 by Mr Spiller for Stewart Somerville of the paperworks at Creech St Michael. James & Joseph (res cc Three Counties ’70 - Mr Percy Whitaker – cc ch Buckhall Baron Spencer) belonged to a Copenore J-litter of eight pups b Sept ’66.

Their sis Copenore Jenny was purchased by Kisumu breeder Mrs Irene Creigh who mater her to ch Copenore Friar which gave Kisumu Lavinia b May ‘68, cc at Three Counties ’71 under Copenore breeder Mr Cyril Henry Lindley (res Mrs Bensley’ Shute Alice) and mated to the Am import Garstars Eric she produced Kisumu Utopia, cc at Three Counties ’76 under Mrs Phil Greenwell, and K- Una, the latter, mated to ch Hollesley Dare Devil,  dam to ch Grangemoor Bevis, G- Beau (cc Mr AO Grindey) & G- Alvinia, dam of G- Archie Gander belonging to the Hicks family. Copenore Junior (see centre 3y old), sibling of James, Joseph & Jenny, was exported to Dr Mildred Virginia Tuggle b '22 Decatur - Georgia. At right - their sire Weatherhill Bellringer’ son Copenore Endeavour.

159) Excerpt of the Crystal Palace ’29 Dog Show judged by Mr John George Joice of Middleton St George nr Darlington,  who bred ch Arolite b June '26. An interesting entry was King Agrippa’ brother Sir Thomas b Oct ’24 & bred by Mr Arthur Baggaley out of Dervot Diana sired by ch Ashenhurst Cedric. Sir Thomas was owned by Mrs Emily N Craig of the Craig-en-gelt Hotel Dunbar ca thirty mls E of Edinburgh. Perhaps the dog was named after ‘Sir Thomas’ Craig, a renowned writer on feudal law and whose work ‘Jus Feudale’ publ in 1655, is still used by Scottish lawyers. The Mastiff ‘Sir Thomas’ got in ’26 two 3rd prizes in Open class, ie at Darlington under Mr Wm Hunter Johnston (cc ch Havengore Bill – res ch Cleveland Premier) & at Edinburgh under Mr Tom Hooton (cc ch Ashenhurst Cedric – res Menai Anglesea).

Mrs Emily N Craig also owned Rhond b Oct ’26 & bred by Mrs Rose Matilda Langton ’78-64 out of Woodbrook Princess sired by Premier’ brindle brother Cleveland Chancellor; Rhond’ brother Goldhawk Buster was exported in '30 to Mr FJA Beier – Buffalo/Williamsville NY, claimed by Mrs Patricia B Hoffman – ‘he has been breeding, showing and importing Mastiffs for more than forty years (a/o also in ’30 ch Prince’ son Thor des Isles, ch Westcroft Blaise’ son Warrior & the 7y old Wingfield Eanfleda) and is the recognised authority in America today.’ – and was instrumental in founding the MCOA.

Above – The Crystal Palace ’26 results next to a view of the Dunbar coast line including the house at the very end of Dunbar’ Maritime Road, and only few yards away from the Craigs’ Craig-en-gel Hotel. Next row -comtemporised photo dd 1917 featuring Dunbar Shories, Kaffiroos, Lanes and High Street dwellers on a trip presumably West along the coast; the organisers were the Craigs hotelkeepers at the Craig-en-gelt (a Stirlingshire Estate) who feature in the bottom right hand corner of the picture (see insert at right presenting Craig-en-gel Hotel  - presently The Rocks).

The Craig-en-Gelt Hotel was the venue of the 1st  Annual General Meeting of the Winterfield Golf Course Limited Company chaired by Alan Cunningham and held on Saturday the 21st April 1934. ‘The Craig-en-Gelt’ was the 1st of a host of trophies instituted and coincidentally presented to the club by Mrs Emily N Craig of The Craig-en-Gelt Hotel. Mr & Mrs Tommy Craig, those good friends of Dunbar’ Rugby Club, , were for so long kind hosts at the Craig-en-Gelt Hotel. In 1959 Tommy and Mrs Craig left Craig-en-Gelt to General Borrowings and although successors served Dunbar’ Rugby Club well, no member would gainsay the special treatment and understanding it received at the hands of the Craigs.

No 160) Mrs Rose Matilda Langton née Henton was born at Wandsworth London ’78. In 1904 she married Mr John Ernest Langton b ’77, a hosiery manufacturer – London Gazette July ‘03 – ‘Fred Hall, John Ernest Langton, and Joseph Langton, carrying on business as Fancy Hosiery Manufacturers at Braunstone Gate – Leicester under the style or firm of ‘Hall & Earl’ has been  dissolved by mutual consent. All debts will be received and paid by John Ernest  Langton and Joseph Langton.’ - The OEMC handbook ’29 mentions her address as – Woodbrook (see above at left) 2 Groby Road Leicester – two mls from the hosiery factory at Braunstone Gate (see early XX c postcard below at right). In ’53 her her husband deceased at Shoot Wood Bisterne Close in the New Forest village Burley, only ten miles from the South shore.

The KCSB mention only one breeding by Mrs Langton, ie Oct ’26 out of Woodbrook Princess sired by ch Cleveland Premier’ brindle brother Cleveland Chancellor which produced Mrs Emily Craig’ Rhond and her brother Goldhawk Buster exported to MCOA President Mr Fred JA Beier b '68– Williamsville Buffalo Ward 21 NY - married Florence. He was the 2nd son of Friedrich Leberecht Beier - b ‘36 Brochterbeck Westfalen d ‘07 Buffalo NY –, son of Bernhard Heinrich Beier & Christina Maria née Brockmeier. Friedrich immigrated in 1852 to the US and married Sarah Brusch  in '59. Other children were Margeret, William, Louis & Georgiana. His father Friedrich is in the 1867 Buffalo NY directory as ‘grocer’.  From The Times Herald from Port Huron - Michigan - December 5, 1929 – incl pic (see at right) - MAY SOON BE EXTINCT - Mastiffs last of a vanishing breed of noble canines are displayed at Williamsville NY, Buffalo suburb, by F J A Beier, president of the Mastiff Club of America, who owns five. There are said to be only 21 purebred Mastiffs now left in North America.’ –  From The Buffalo Courier Express Jan 13th 1930 – ‘At  the  annual  meeting of the  stockholders of the  Amherst  bank of Williamsville, held   yesterday    afternoon,  the   following   directors   were   elected:   Frederick JA Beier,’ - &c. 

In ’35 Mrs Rose M Langton purchased Goring Scylla (see below at left) b April ’35 and bred by Mrs Norah Dickin out of Mrs Dickins Thor’ dau Deleval Sybilla sired by The Druid’ brother Sir Timothy (Lady Hildur ex ch Uther Penarvon). Goring Scylla’ main result was a cc at Earls Court Dec ’37 under Mr Chris Houlker, res cc for Mr/Mrs Oliver’ Hellingly Prudence. At right – photograph taken at Richmond July ’39 presenting fr l to r - the judge Mr Harold J White b '91-'62 of Goodbreed kennels Bradford, Mrs Rose M Langton, her brindles Anclot, Woodbrook Marta b 24th May ’38 (Hammercliffe Priscilla x Goring Robert) & her assistant.  Mr Harold J White was a managing director of  a worsted spinners firm nr Bradford  and President of the Halifax Worsted Spinners Federation.

Mr HJ White awarded the cc’s to Mr Fred Bowles’ pair  Hammercliffe Remus & ch Petronella; res cc went to Mrs Dickin’ Goring Robert (see above - centre), 3rd open for Goring Scylla’ paternal half-brother Miss I Bell’ Goring Brockwell – 2nd Open Miss Bell’ Broomcourt Beauty 3rd Open Mrs F Woolley’ ch Deleval Alftruda – 1st Limit Miss Bell’ Cydella by ch UV 2nd Miss Dickin’ Pauline b April ’31 & bred by Mrs Formstone out of Hardingham L Lydia sired by Mr Guy Percival Greenwoods ch Duke’ son ch Benvolio. Pauline sired by ch Uther Penarvon gave Despot & Duchess both owned by the Greenwood family of Hillcrest Colne - Lancs.

Note – the judge Mr Harold J White owned the Goodbreed Mastiff kennels – 18 Apsley Crescent Bradford Yorks, later on Eccleshill Bradford. He bred & owned the 'red fawn' Goodbreed Caesar b Feb ’27 out of ch Ashenhurst Cedric’ dau Westcroft Flavia sired by Mr GP Greenwood’ ch Duke. His brother Goodbreed Mattesdon Tondelayo was exported to Miss Joanna Chapman – US who also imported the 'red fawn' Pinetrees Bernardo b Sept ’27 & bred by Mr Geoffrey Charles Pollock Gudgeon (m ’21 Miss Dorothy Foster) of Coldbath Road Harrogate Yorks out of Pinetrees Nanette sired by Mrs J Evans’ ch Prince. He sold his brood Westcroft Flavia to the Olivers of Hellingly who mated her to ch Hellingly Joseph which gave the 3rd H- litter b Aug ’28, a/o ch H- Josephine. Above at right – Mr GCP Gudgeon’ Pinetrees Diane (l) & Pinetrees Bernardo ®.

Mr HJ White judged Mastiffs at the 1st post-war Crufts, ie in ’52 awarding cc’s tot ch Havengore Rodney & OEMC Prudence – res ch Wotan Vyking & Jascot Fritham Griselda. At Blackpool ’54 he gave cc’s to Withybush Odin & ch Mansatta Vilna – res Weyacres Lincoln & no bitch award; the following year at Richmond his cc’s were for ch Lexander Tudor King & ch Salyng Aithne – res Sparry Crusader & Havengore Willow. Again at Richmond in ’59 his last cc’s were for ch Havengore Hotspot & Parcwood Merydd – res Withybush Crispin & Withybush Isrid.

No 161) Mr Joe Braddon born St Thomas Exeter ’08-’93 lived at Barley Leys Farm. Quote – ‘Throughout the 1980s, the two who judged the most were Joe Braddon and Catherine Sutton, both among the most colorful and brilliant jusges of all time. A big personality in a big body, Braddon at his best was an education to watch, and if he ever had an off day, his background and solid experience were such that it was never, ever boring. Like most British all-rounders, Braddon was originally a breeder and exhibitor; his ‘of Ide’ kennel included numerous top Pointers, Spaniels, and later Pugs.' - His Highflyer of Ide became the 1st post-war Pointer champion. Within the time frame ’61up to ’88, it was Mr Joe Braddon who did the most Mastiff cc judgings numbering 19 followed by Mrs Greenwell 15, Mrs Harrild 14 & Mrs Day 13.

In ’61 he was Crufts BIS judge together with Mrs Winnie Barber. His 1st Mastiff judging at cc level was at Birmingham June ’61 cc’s for ch Havengore Hotspot & ch Weatherhill Milf Manetta – res for Copenore Jason & Balint’ sis Havengore Dore. Welks ’62 cc’s ch Blackroc Rhinehart & ch Weatherhill Milf Manetta – res ch Havengore Hotspot & ch Havengore Dawn. Blackpool ’63 cc’s ch Havengore Balint & ch Havengore Dawn – res Weatherhill Guide & ch Kisumu Fatima. Welks ’65 cc’s ch Weatherhill Thor & 19m old Havengore Faith BOB  (see pic below at left)res Superbus’ son Walbert & ch Hollesley Macushla. Birmingham June ’66 ch Kisumu Balthasar & ch Hollesley Macushla – res Havengore Matey & ? Ch Taddington Diamond Lil. Birmingham ’67 cc’s ch Kisumu Balthasar & ch Hollesley Macushla – res Frideswide Rupert & Copenore Bonny Helen. SKC ‘70 cc’s Cornhaye Whitsun Bee – res Buckhall Mistress Mary. Birmingham May ’72 cc’s  ch Buckhall Lord Jim  & ch Hollesley Sheba - res ch Hollesley Dagda & ch Copenore Mary Ellen. Welks ’73 cc’s ch Buckhall Lord Jim & ch Copenore Petronella - res Oxhaege Thorkel & ch Meps Nydia. SKC ’75 ch Buckhall Master Sirius & ch Artifex Arabella – res Jilgrajon Sir Caleb Wyndham & Kisumu Utopia.

In ’76 he once again was Crufts BIS judge (see pic above at right incl KC President Mr JAC Cecil-Wright ’86-‘82) and also judged at the OEMC ’76 cc’s ch Hollesley Dare Devil & Eddington Saraband – res ch Copenore Rab & ch Hollesley Devil Dancer. Note - Dare Devil was the 4th generation of consecutive ‘Braddon’ cc winners, ie Dare Devil’ G3 Dawn, G2 Macushla (2x), G1 Sheba and supplemented by other ‘Braddon’ cc winners, ie Dare Devil’ G3 Thor, G4 Manetta (2x) & G5 Hotspot. - Bath ’78 cc’s ch Forefoot Prince Darkness & Pinewhispers Countess Carolina – res ch Hollesley Devils Advocate & ch Gildasan Silver Ghost. Leeds ’79 cc’s Bannwater Sorly Boy & ch Gildasan Silver Ghost – res ch Hollesley Medicine Man & ch Yarme Susan. Paignton ’80 cc’s ch Hollesley Medicine Man & ch Hollesley Rowella – res ch Jilgrajon Sir Gladstone & ch Yarme Jane. Three Counties ’81 cc’s ch Honeycroft Danny Boy & ch Darkling Bridie – res Grangemoor Cadivor & Grangemoor Nell. Welks ’83 cc’s ch Darkling Casper & ch Glynpedr Taittinger –res ch Luckhurst Goliath & Glynpedr Billecarte. Paignton ’85 cc’s ch Bulliff Warrior & ch Bulliff Walkeska – res ch Bellabees Blunder & ch Bredwardine Beau Ideal. Blackpool ’86 cc’s Zanfi Lammergier & ch Cedwalla Sweet Ellenor – res Spades Ace & Longendale Lady Megan. At an age of 80 he did his final Mastiff cc judging at LKA ’88 cc’s ch Bulliff Nutmeg Nestor & Bulliff Mega Mel – res ch Prixcan Drusus & ch Glynpedr Irish Velvet.

The London Gazette Aug ’93 mentions under obituaries - Joseph Henry James Braddon address 8 Augustus Drive Alcester Worcestershire – Livestock breeder (retired) and in parentheses as personal representative Raymond Leslie Wilkes. Inscriptions on his gravestone in Haselor Churchyard. – ‘To the memory of Joseph Henry James Braddon, 1908 – 1993. Raymond Leslie Wilkes, 1936 – 1997. Father and grandfather. Rest in peace.

No 162) Albert William Fullwood b Wolverhampton ’87-’70 - m 1910; the Edinburgh Gazette dd June 1906 mentions a ‘Albert William Fullwood of Wolverhampton’ as ‘postman’. He judged Mastiffs at Glasgow’62 – cc’s ch Havengore Balint , no bitch award. SKC ’65 cc’s Copenore Dominic & Copenore Countess. His 3rd & last Mastiff judging was at Crufts ’69 awarding cc’s to ch Copenore Friar & ch Hollesley Macushla – res  ch Buckhall Baron Spencer & Hollesley Nefertiti. Advert in Dog World Xmas '38 mentions a/o - 'AW Fullwood Heighton House Jeffcock road Wolverhampton owned the Saluki Tel El Kebir, winner of 276 1st prizes’ .–  Several newspapers dd ’26 include a ‘Phosferine’ advert related to the same ‘Heighton House’ address, so perhaps Mr AW Fullwood had become a chemist &/or druggist. The Tamworth Herald dd 7th Feb ‘42 mentions – ‘Mr Fullwood, chairman of Wolverhampton Co-op Society’ - &c. And present-day there’s still a Co-operative Pharmacy at 248 Jeffcock road Wolverhampton, ca two mls from the original Rolls Royce factory at Spring road Ettingshal.

Above at left - Blackpool 1964 (l to r) Mrs Alice Dunlop’ IW Delorne Sappphire, judge Mr AW Fullwood, & IW Sanctuary Brave Knight owned by Miss Margaret M Harrison, a famous pianist ’99-‘95 who owned Mastiffs before WWII and awarded Mastiff cc’s at some seven occasions, a/o at the OEMC ’71 the cc’s to Farnaby Merrick’ paternal nephew Rhosnessey Casper & ch Hollesley Cleopatra- res ch Buckhall Baron Spencer & Oxhaege Ingeborg - veteran class 1st 11+ y Milf Murias 2nd ch Weatherhill Thor 3rd ch Hollesley Macushla and at Crufts ’82 awarding the cc’s to ch Hollesley Medicine Man & his sis ch Hollesley Rowella – res Lesdon Lord Caractacos & ch Darkling Bridie. – Above at right Margaret’ sis Beatrice with Mrs Norah Dickin’ Drake, Mr Bryson’ Sally & Margaret’ Bess.

No 163) At left - Mr Graham Hicks & ch Jilgrajon Sir Gladstone b Aug ’77, possibly taken at Clearwell Castle July ’81 – judging by Mrs Denis Baxter. Sir Gladstone – 8 cc’s Mrs Day res ch Forefoot Prince Igor Mrs Greenwell res Gildasan Roman Warrior Miss Blackstone res Farnaby Fiery Fred Miss Harrison res MM Degerdon res Bulliff Cyning Aelle  Mrs Harrild res Bulliff Oslac Mrs Lindley res MM Mrs Davis res Aicama Captain Morgan – 7 res cc’s Mrs Degerdon cc MM Mr Grindey cc ch Forefoot Prince Igor Mr Braddon cc MM Mr Westlake cc MM Mr Gadsden cc MM Mrs How cc MM Mr Cogan cc MM.

Re Sir Gladstone Mrs Day reported – ‘I have always admired this dog. He has a happy nature and shows beautifully, moves well and has good bone and a lovely mask.’ – Mrs Moore – ‘nice size, free mover, little lacking in topline.’ – Mrs Harrild – ‘This big dog filled my eye, the biggest and soundest Mastiff I have seen for a long time. And not surprised how nice that he was in the last six in the Group. (Blackpool)’ – Mr Hanson – ‘Another beautifully boned fawn with good mask and ears. Well bodied but just would not make the most of himself till after the judging (Crufts ’81). Mrs Monostori – ‘A magnificent fawn with beautiful broad skull and heavy boned body. I was sorry to penalise him for slight looseness in front. I learnt later he had hurt his foot on the way to the show.’ -

Sir Gladstone died at 7 and his sis British Queen at 6. Gladstone’ maternal half brother J- Orlando Gibbons at 10 (see at right). Gladstone’ sire Cemaes King Edward died at the age of 10, Gladstone’ paternal grandsire Inniscorrig Sir Arthur Crown at 9 1/2 , Gladstone’ maternal granddam Lisken Rowena at 10, Gladstone’ maternal aunt J- Melisande at 9 ½,  maternal uncles Jilgrajon Caleb Wyndham aka ‘WindyBlow’ at 12y 9m (see centre – 2y old res cc'sunder Mr Joe Braddon & Miss MM Harrison who both gave the cc to ch Buckhall Master Sirius) & J- Sir Silas at 10 1/2.

MM, Falmore Langton, Forefoot King Kong & Namous Uberacht all died at the age of 7. The arguably oldest UK Mastiff may have been Taddington Bovril aka Toby 15y 4m, owned by Mrs Ruth Elizabeth Steede of Melksham nr Bath; other oldies were a/o Gildasan Uffa 13y, Celerity Powerful Sort & Bannwater Blithnod 12y, Milf Murias, ch Longendale King Louis & Celerity Christabelle 11y, and a number of age 10, a/o Shute Alice, ch Buckhall Lord Jim, ch Parcwood W Bear, Hubbastone Radulph, Aicama Zorba, Bredwardine Breeze, ch Honeycroft Danny Boy, Craigavon Pearl, ch Farnaby Rainy Patch, Hubbastone Lucky Octavia, & almost 10 Bulliff Warrior. Glynpedr Dom Ruinart & Bulliff Zeb died at only 5. - Data taken from the OEMC Newsletters (editors Miss Blackstone & Mrs Say) between Aug ’79-’93 but no mention of an obituary note re Gladstone dam ch Jilgrajon Lady Victoria b Aug ’73 who produced a 2nd & last litter dd Aug ’78. So perhaps she died at an age of 5 ½.

No 164)  Glynpedr breeder Mr Raymond J Boatwright b ’56 Q2 at Blyth(burgh), 4mls from the Suffolk coast, was raised there by his grandmother from whom he got his interest in dogs, particularly OES. In the early 70s he met Mrs Irene Creigh ’07-‘82 on a coach to a dog show entering the young Kisumu Utopia b April ‘75, formed a friendship, eventually moved to manage the Kisumu Mastiffs and became besotted with her ch Kisumu Jasper b '67 and dear old Lavinia, formed a friendship and eventually moved to manage the Kisumu Mastiffs and became besotted with her ch Kisumu Jasper and dear old Lavinia. Then he moved to the Bredwardine kennels to manage their Mastiffs. Later on this became a partnership.

When he met and married (’79 Tenbury) Miss Ann E Morris b Kidderminster ’52 he left Bredwardine and took two bitches with him he always has handled, ie ch Forefoot Little Emily (Champers) & Bannwater Doll Tearsheet (Scrumpy). The couple settled at Brierley Court (see at left) Leominster. Desperate to get Little Emily in whelp he eventually bought (BRS 6/80), a very nice brindle of similar lines, ie Nandina Bilbo Baggins b ‘Sept ’78 & bred by Mrs GJ Evans out of Softee Elsa sired by ch Forefoot Prince of Darkness grandson to Little Emily’ dam Nina, daughter to Buckhall Baron Wolsey. A small but quality litter dd May ’80 ensued. He kept the brindle Bollinger and an outstanding fawn dog Lanson. Neither was shown. In ’81 the Boatwrights moved to Glyn Pedr (see at right) Llanbedr Crickhowell, former residence of Lt Gen Sir David Peel Yates ’11-’78 - Grade II listed, b 1835 on fourteen acres of grounds set in the depths of the Brecon Beacons National Park. Few years later their address was Upper Farm Lower Kimbolton nr Leominster.

Glynpedr produced 8 champions out of 13 litters until end ’86, sired by Nandina Bilbo Baggins, Forefoot Lucifer, ch Aicama Captain Morgan 5x, MM 2x, MM’ sons Tizer, Dom Perignon 2x &, Tizer’ son ch Zanfi Imperial Eagle, Perignon’ sons ch Damaria Count Magnum & and ch Meps Brave Chaka. Broods were Little Emily, Doll Tearsheet 2x, Zanfi Bellona & Z- Barberry, Morgan’ sis Aicama Pumpkin, Misty Moondrops, Tizer’ sis G- Fanta & Bredwardine Bethesda 2x. In ’87 Mr Boatwright began a partnership with Poodle breeder Mr Paul Williams and they bred 4 litters, ie out of G- Martinez sired by Perignon’ brindle brother Charles Heidsieck, out of Tizer’ sis G- Fanta, out of Perignon’ granddaughter Falmorehall Aphrodite sired by Langton’ son Falmorehall Happy Fella and finally the last one (April ’91) out of Martinez’ daughter G- Fernet Franca sired by Dom Perignon’ son ch Meps Brave Chaka.

He has always maintained that ch Hollesley Dare Devil (see at left) was the best he have ever seen, that Taittinger was probably his best and her brother Dom Perignon aka Podge (see at right) was his all time favourite – a gentleman among dogs and his constant shadow for years. Dom Perignon was taken back from his owner late ’86 and was made up by Mr Boatwright at the age of 6+. Judge reports re Dom Perignon – Mr Geoff Burton of Devarro - ‘typey Mastiff, good head shape, right expression, good pigmentation, terrific girth and drop of chest, stood squarely on tight feet, good front and follow through, extremely well presented.' – Mr R Cogan of Craigavon – ‘good head & body. Lost to 1 (Damaria Powerful Magic) on movement.’ – Mr Ewart Williams – ‘A massive heavy fawn of top quality, moved with positive ease, broad deep chest, level topline and good rear angulation.’ – Mrs Jean Lanning – ‘High class, active dog, covers the ground on the move. His day will come. Res cc.’ – Mrs P Greenwell – ‘lovely type, good head, strong neck, nice front, good body and hind end. CC.’ – Glypedr aside, Dom Perignon sired 11 litters between April ’85 and Sept ’90, ie resp out of Chevelu The Mystic, Chevelu Silver Pearl, Nandina Shady Lady, Trevabyn Spring Shower, Aicama Saucy Sarah,  Zanfi Baroness, Graig Goch Rhia, Ormondstow Honey Blossom, Falmorehall Call Me Madam, Falmorehall Sobraine & Meps Dark Ranee. Mr Raymond J Boatwright died after a fight against cancer on 18th January 2012, only 55y old.